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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 11, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Friday, Warmer Friday VOLUME 53, NO. 97 Big Wheat Crop May Bring Stiff Controls in'54 Secretary Has Until July 1 To Decide Stand By OVID A. MARTIN WASHINGTON UB Secretary of Agriculture Benson, an avowed foe of government controls, today faced the prospect of having to apply restrictions on more crops in a single year than any of his predecessors. An official crop report yesterday put the wheat supply at a surplus level there is an un- foreseen major development require Benson to invoke rigid marketing quotas on the 1954 crop. Growers already have approved 1954 controls for the major types of tobacco and for peanuts. Benson announced this week he will im- pose marketing controls on this year's production of sugar in Puerto Rico and in the domestic cane sugar area. Reports on cotton planting indi- cate production of this crop may put supplies in a surplus class also requiring controls on next year's production. Returning from a recent farm conference in the Midwest, Under- secretary of Agriculture True D. Morse said it appeared that the corn acreage would be larger this year than last. Thus, it would be possible for the corn supply to reach a surplus mark also requir- ing quotas next year. During the campaign last year, President Eisenhower, pledged a minimum of agricultural controls. Benson, in speeches and state- ments, has said farmers want a federal farm program that would free them from government dom- ination. The secretary has little choice in using measures to cut down on production of major crops in ex- cess supply. Farm laws require use of acreage planting allotments and marketing quotas when sup- plies of major crops reach speci- fied levels. Benson has pledged faithful ad- ministration these laws. Never- theless, he .has that he will geek better programs. Benson has until July 1 to an- nounce a decision on wheat con- trols, and he probably will wait until that time. Something could the chances are change the Yesterday's Agriculture Depart- ment report forecast this year's wheat crop at bushels. This is at least 232% million bush- els above the level which might permit an escape from quotas. With a reserve of 575 million bush- els from previous crops, the nation has a prospective record wheat supply of W-e than bushels. Americans use only about 750 million bushels a year, not in- cluding exports which have dipped from a peak of about 500 million bushels after World War II to 300 million. Investigation of Atomic Blasts, Tornadoes Asked WASHINGTON Rep. Madden (D-Ind) said today he will push his proposal for a congressional in- vestigation into whether atomic tests, in Nevada have anything to do with the tornadoes striking the country at a possible record rate. The Weather Bureau, the Atomic Energy Commission and some key congressmen insist there is no evi- dence' of any connection. But two senior members of the Senate-House Atomic Energy Com- W. Sterling Cole (R- NY) and Sen. "Hickenlooper (R-Ia) a public inquiry might help clarify the question. However, both added in separate interviews that atomic scientists have assured them atomic tests, do not change the weather. 24? This Year The bureau said 249 tornadoes have been reported so far this year, possibly a record for the 35 years in which such counts have been kept. The average in the past 35 years has been 109 tornado.es for the first six months of each. However, a Weather Bureau spokesman said its improved tor- nado reporting service may partly account for the big total recorded this year. Milton L. Blanc, chief of the bureau's local and special services section, said there was no possible connection between the atomic tests and the tornadic outburst A-Blast Small Compared with the natural force of tornadoes, Blanc said, an atom- ic explosion is "a small thing." The AEG said it is working close- ly with the Weather Bureau to de- termine the effects of the atomic experiments. A spokesman said the AEG is convinced the Nevada tests had no influence on the weather. He said one scientist has esti- mated it would take atom bombs to create the energy need- ed to produce, a tornado, the winds of which sometimes reach 500 miles an. hour in the center. Mankato at Winona Tonight at 8 KWNO AM-FM WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, JUNE .1.1, 1953 TWENTY PAOES This Workman makes walking a bridge cable look even carries a paint bucket with him. This is a view from one of the two 363-foot towers of the Bronx-Whitestone bridge in New York which are being repainted for the first time in six years. The bridge which crosses the East River connects the Bronx and Queens. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) ______ ROKs May Refuse To Observe Terms By MILO FARNETI SEOUL Korea's acting Prime Minister said flatly today that his country will not accept the impending armistice and hint- ed that ROK troops may refuse to puU back when a truce is signed. His statement came as chanting thousands swarmed through Seoul and other cities in the third straight day of angry demonstra- tions against a truce which would Million Cut in Funds For 4 Agencies WASHINGTON UV- .The House Appropriations Committee today recommended a slash of 000 from new funds requested by former President Truman for the Atomic Energy Commission, the selective service system, the Vet- erans Administration and the Ten- nessee Valley Authority. It sent to the House floor for debate next week a bill to appro- priate fprjhese four agencies for the fiscal year start- ing July 1. This is 18 per cent less than Tru- man requested in his January budget and about 6 per cent below the revised budget of President Eisenhower. Heaviest reduction-was the chopped from the Truman request for the Atomic Energy Commission. All but about 38 mil- lion was trimmed from the Tru- man budget by the Eisenhower ad- ministration before the committee acted. The committee recommended million more than Truman had re- quested and exceeded the Eisen- hower estimates by 31 million in its allotment for maintenance and operation of veterans' hospitals. The big cuts in the Veterans' Ad- ministration budget were in funds for readjustment benefits and for pensions and compensations. The committee turned down all requests for the purchase of new automobiles. It said the agencies can get along 'with what they have. Heavy cuts from Truman-re- quested funds for the AEC includ- ed 20 million in the weapons pro- gram, in the source and fissionable materials program, and 22% million in the reactor develop- ment The entire requested by Truman for the AEC biology and medicine program was ap- proved. But, his request for for security investigations was trimmed to The AEC plant and equipment program was alloted 166 raillion, a cut of from the Tru- man request. Legislature to Recess Friday 1 MADISON, Wis. have been agreed upon to recess the Legislature Friday night, Assem- blyman Rice speaker of the House, said today. Rice said the Senate had made arrangements to finish present work at that time. Assembly Re- publicans voted at their "caucus this morning to go along with re- cess plans. Pending legislation could be dis- posed of today and Friday, Rice said. The date picked for returning in the fall to ac't on financial issues confronting the state was Oct. 26. Sen. Knowles of New Richmond, Republican floorleader, said 'the Senate had agreed to the recess and return dates. leave Korea divided. The Korean National- Assembly called on President Syngman Rhee to'curb the government-sponsored demonstrations to avoid "unneces- sary violence" between the South Korean people and Allied troops.- Acting Prime JJinister Pyun Yung Tai told newsmen after a Cabinet meeting today: "We cannot and will not accept any part-of the armistice -terms." ije hinted- that ROK troops who man two-thirds of the 155-mile front might not pull back a mile and a quarter to create a buffer zone after an armistice is signed. The U. N. and Reds have agreed to such a zone. South Korea's lawmakers pro posed an alliance with Nationalist China. And while the resolution did not specify the nature of the pact, some assemblymen talked ly of a military alliance. As-thousands of South Koreans shouted slogans and snake-danced through the streets, the Assembly also adopted a resolution calling on the U. N. Command to scrap the present truce plan and start over again. Some chanting Koreans, carrying .placards urging that no armistice be signed until Korea is unified, paraded through Pusan. Other thousands marched down Seoul's wide avenues in orderly groups, shouting slogans, waving banners 'and singing. About 800 students demonstrated in front of the Allied correspon- dents billets, but there was no vio- lence. Meanwhile, Rhee welcomed back Gen. Paik Sun Yup, the 'South Korean Army chief of staff who was ordered to return from the IT. S. to take command of the nation's 16 American-trained divi- Planes Recalled WASHINGTON The Air Force today issued a recall order for all the 37 C54 transport planes it has leased to 'commercial air- lines. East Germany Given New Rights by Reds Protestant Church Gets More Freedoms BERLIN (ffl East Germany's Red rulers, announced sweeping cutbacks last night in the com- munization of the Soviet-occupied territory and signed a peace treaty giving the powerful Protestant church, big concessions. Both startling developments Western quarters figured the Kremlin ordered were aimed at' making the East zone a more attractive candidate for unification with the more pros- perous and free West Germany. They appeared also designed to quiet the widespread fear and dis- content'among East Germany's 18 million residents which have sent thousands fleeing each week to the West. Announcing the communication cutbacks directed by the ruling Politburo of the East German Communist party, Premier Otto Grotewohl said the group "is aim ing at the re-establishment of the unity of Germany which requires from both sides concrete measures to bring this about." The concessions to the Germans from their Red rulers also gave new ammunition to West German opponents of Chancellor Konrad Adenauer's campaign to bring Ger- many's western half into military alliance with the NATO nations. Some Western officials here ex- pressed belief that the moves were only a prelude to some other im- portant Soviet action, perhaps a Kremlin call for a four power meeting on Germany. The Politburo directives provid- ed for: 1. No further extension- of the collective farm system. 2. Making state bank credits available to private businessmen. Those who have been forced out of business will be granted per- mission" to" up" shop again. 3. Returning confiscated proper- ty and full civil rights to persons who come back to East Germany after fleeing to the West. 4. A general amnesty for prisoners serving one to three years on charges of having dam- aged the state-owned economy. 5. Issuance of ration cards to all persons. The state recently withheld cards from East Germans, regarded as outside the favored Red circle. The pact to end the bitter church- battle was announced jointly and Bishop Otto G. Dibelius, head of the Protestant Church for All Germany. Its nine points, covering most of the main issues, sharply reversed the gov- ernment's hostile attitude of the past few months. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and fair Friday. Warmer Friday. Low tonight 64, high Fri- day 86. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 89; minimum, 63; noon, 83; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at 4.24. AIRPORT WEATHER Central Max. temp. 82 at nesday, min. 66 at a.m. fi- day. Noon brc.i- en at feet, visibility 10 miles, wind 3 miles per'hour from north, barometer 30.09 falling, humidity 71 per cent. 'Good Beginning' Explained by Ike President Eisenhower shows the audience a plaque presented him in Minneapolis Wednesday by the U. S. Junior Chamber of Commerce. Pre- sentation was .made by Horace E. Henderson, right, Williamsburg, Jaycee president, before Eisenhower spoke to the convention which is meeting in Minneapolis. (AP Wirephoto, to The Republican-Herald) Staff Officers Pi Work on Truce Papers Hear Ike At Garrison Dam Ceremony RIVERDALE, N, D. .Iff) Presi- dent Eisenhower said today the federal government must work in partnership with state and local governments and private industry to develop the nation's natural re- sources. Addressing a crowd of about and Brig. Gen. Egbert Glenn went at the ceremonies marking a to Tokyo. By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN MUNSAN- Mr-Allied and Red staff officers raced today to, com- plete an armistice draft as South Korea boiled with new demonstra- tions and a threat to disregard any truce. Three of the five U.'N..Command -negotiators left this base camp temporarily as lower level staff officers worked on details of the truce document in secret sessions at Panmunjom. With the full-dress meetings in recess subject .to call by either side, Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison Jr., senior Allied delegate, visited, the U. S, 3rd Division at the battle- front and Rear.Adm. John C. Daniel stage of completion of the feder- ally-financed 305 million dollar Garrison Dam, the President said construction of the huge project by the .federal government was "something people here could not do for .themselves." He said the federal government must participate under such cir- but that the states and communities also have an important role in developing such flood control and power projects, wherever 'possible. Private -industry, too, has an im- portant role and "when that func- tion -disappears, then we will be 'under some form of alien govern- ment." Assumption at Worcester, "Mass is ripped apart by a tornado that-roared through the Three Catholic nuns and a priest were .killed iere by the storm. Six other -priests were injured, including the Rev. Louis -R. Brassard, who. Decently returned served as the city's only Roman Catholic priest. More than 60 persons died in the Worcester area including the towns of Holden and Shrewsbury, where the tornado seemed to be centered. Hos- pitals were crowded with hundreds of injured. (AP- Wirephoto) Any major armistice action re- quires their presence'. They couid speed back within-'a few hours. Meanwhile, South Korea balked more and more in its "no unifi- cation, no armistice" stand.-' As thousands of demonstrators tramped the streets of Seoul .and Pusan, Acting Premier Pyun Yung Tai hinted that-South Korean troops would refuse to' withdraw from the buffer zone to be set up between Allies 'and Reds in a, truce. .After .a .special Cabinet meeting, Pyun said South Korea "cannot and'will not'accept any part of the armistice terms." President Syngman Rhee, in a-, message to the South, Korean- peo-: pie, said. a truce under, current terms means' "death to South Ko- rea." He said'he had been explain- ing this point to the other Allied nations "we intend, to do so continually." However, Hhee warned his. peo- ple against "unruly, conduct" to- ward IT. N. personnel during "this time of national crisis" and said any such unfriendly acts would be subject to stern punishment.- Before Rhee spoke, ing Koreans paraded through Pu- the temporary carry- ing placards urging: "Give us uni- fication or give us death" and "Drive away the Chinese Reds." In Seoul other t h o u s d s tramped the streets in orderly groups, waving banners, shouting and: singing. About students demonstrated in front of the Allied correspondents billets, but there was no violence. In Washington, worries eased of the five nations might withdraw as members of a repa- triation commission to, control some Red war prisoners who refuse to go home. The commission would take custody of the POWs for 90 days while Red agents made "explanations" and "assurances" in an effort to win. them back to then- Communist homelands. Sweden said it would serve and the two Communist land and considered likely to accept or they would never have been nominated by Massachusetts Digging Out Affetfomado bilitation: operations were; in full swing .the. -second- day England's worst tor- nado cut a.swath-of .death and de- struction through' Central Massa- chusetts.'- And' steps 'were taken to speed the "appropriation of federal and state funds and 'the'payment of 'insurance policies, the strick- en area- counted r-- still unidenti- j 800. Damage. ''Estimated :by Gov. Christian A.; Herter at75 million dollars. .1 .Early today, "President Eisen- hower 'designated ;the stricken re- gion as a major disaster area, qualifying it for, federal aid. Rescue workers, meanwhile, con; :tinued their search -through the wreckage of hundreds -of homes and business establishments in 12 communities, for.more bodies.' Some National, Guardsmen patrolled ,the devastated :area to prevent -unauth- orized persons away. Col. William F. Bigelow, milir tary commander of the Worcester National. Guard area, reported: "There's been looting. Just how much we don't know." Cites Attack On Crime and Corruption j Discusses Critical Government Areas At Mt. Rushmore By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH" MT. RUSHMORE, S. D. HPt President Eisenhower told a Re- publican rally today his adminis- tration has made a "good begin- ning" toward winning free world collective security, modernizing military defense plans, and insur- ing "equal civil rights to all our citizens." The President also declared the party, since it took control of the White House and Congress in Jan- uary, has launched an effective attack on crime and corruption, and has moved on the problem of internal security "with a vigor long overdne." Eisenhower ticked off those points, in listing "some of our for- ward movement in 10 critical areas of government." In a speech pre- pared for delivery at the conven- tion of .the National Federation of Young Republicans, the President added: Good Beginning "It would be foolish to pretend these achievements are more than a beginning. But I sincerely be- lieve they are a good beginning." Eisenhower- arrived here after a motor and flying trip from River- dale, N. D., where he spoke briefly at closure ceremonies for Garrison Dam. He is in the'second of a day trip taking him to five states- Minnesota, North and South Da- kota, New Hampshire and Nevr York: He plans to return to the White House Sunday night Speaking close by the colossal stone images of Washington, Jef- ferson, Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt at the Mt. Rushmore National- Memprial, Eisenhower also -declared that government "mustjiqt allow its policies.to be caught in the fatal crossfire of a Congress and an executive war- ring upon one. another." He added: "Such a condition is not going to prevail if it is within the power of this administration to prevent it For pur-very form of govern- ment is in peril unless each branch willingly accepts and discharges its own clear respects the -rights and responsi; bilities of. 1. In foreign affairs, "we have dedicated our resolutely to a policy seeking to strengthen and secure friendship arid co-operation among'all 'nations loving freedom and resisting tyranny. We have worked not only to eliminate in. the non-Communist world those conditions that the, propa- ganda-of-the CommunisU-but also to encourage the strains and stresses within the ranks of the 800', millions in the Soviet world now denied the hopes and rewards of a free life." have reviewed and revised military defense plans to meet re- alistically the needs of our They are conceived care and.logic in that even, the, Soviets can" be persuaded to see the folly of counting upon the success- of .aggression or, in- of depending solely upon armaments for security." have freed our economy of needless, stifling at the same time have taken ef- fective steps to -assure the well; being of all our people." have set about making (government) smaller rather than (Continued on 4, Column t) IKE Dr. Kodrw, right, resident physician at a St. Paul, Minn., _ an. ancient ring of silver, set with a garnet and ,j inscribed to indicate -that it is the ring given by Martin Luther to his-wife, Katharine, in 1525. She says the ring, shown, left, was .1 purchased in Austria by her father some 25 years ago.' A Park Ridge, HI., man disputes her claim, saying he also has a ring which has- been adjudged by- tome authorities to be Luther's wed- ding ring. V r
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