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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 10, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Thundershowers Tonight and Thursday Waseca at Winona Tonight at 8' KWNO AM-FM VOLUME 53, NO. 96 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JUNE 10, 7953 TWENTY-TWO PAGES TODAY S. Korea Forgetting Survival !y JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON Distorting his- tory seems to be the most popu- lar indoor sport of our era. Few episodes of recent history have been more sported with by the dis- torters than the Korean War. The best way to celebrate the truce is to set down a few of the more sig- nificant facts that are currently ig- nored or unknown. In the first place, this long, bit- ter, bloody, ugly, disappointing war has in fact achieved the main purpose which the American gov- ernment had in view, when our troops were ordered to join the South Koreans just three years ago. After the French Revolution, the Abbe Sieyes, an important politi- cal figure of these days, was ask- ed what he had done while the guillotine ruled Paris and the ter- ror had France in its grip. "Dear he told his question- er, "I survived." In the same man- ner, in the darkest days of the last war, Winston Churchill told a man who grumbled that Britain had nothing to gain by the fighting, "You seem to forget that survival can be an end in itself." American Motive The motive of the American response to the Korean aggression was similarly unambitious. The question that was debated at the famous Blair House meeting was not what we might gain by enter- ing the war on the side of the South Koreans, but what we would lose by not entering it. The losses we might expect from inaction were set forth in a famous mem- orandum prepared by George F. Kennan the day after the Commu- nists crossed the 38th parallel, and presented at the Blair House meet- ing by Dean G. Acheson. The prospective losses in the Far East alone were appalling enough. An early collapse of the_ resist- ance to the Communists in Indo- china; the eventual absorption of Siam, Malaya and Burma into the Soviet Empire; the probable tri- umph of the Hukbalahap movement in the Phillipines; the aeutest dan- ger in Japan a certain invasion of Formosa were the obvious and easily predictable Far Eastern consequences of letting the Krem- lin get away with its Korean at- tack. By the same token, any such showing' of American weakness would have had the most wide- spread and uncontainable reper- cussions 'in the Middle East and Europe. All the weaker nations would have adopted a policy of scuttle-and-run. All the soft situa- tions, as in the Middle East, would have gone bad without remedy. In the end, the Western Alliance would have come apart. The most strategic positions in the free world would have been lost to the So- viets. And we should have been with no choice but the choice that faced 'the British after Mun- ich the choice between making the best terms we could with a more powerful enemy, or fighting a war of despair on the worst terms imaginable. Aims of Kremlin Such were the enormous prizes the Kremlin hoped to garner, by showing its own power and our weakness in Korea. Such were the disastrous consequences which have now been avoided. Avoidance of disasters on this scale must cer- tainly be considered a worthy ob- ject, even for so painful and dis-- couraging a venture as the Korean War has been. In this sense, in- deed, the war has been successful. Many have argued, of .course, that we should have set ourselves a bolder goal than the mere avoid- ance of disasters. They have main- tained that once we had entered the Korean War, we should have gone on to impose a reasonable Far Eastern settlement by force of arms. Certainly no one can say that a simple cease-fire in Korea, and a general return to the status quo ante, is a reasonable Far East- ern settlement. Most of those who have so ar- gued "have been flagrantly dishon- est, refusing .to admit the heavy costs .and risks of their policy. But there have been entirely honest men among those calling for bold- er actions, such as Sen. William Knowland and Adm. Arthur Rad- ford. The other side in the debate about the Korean War has attack- ed these men, as they have attack- ed Sen. Robert A. Taft, for "sabo- taging" the truce negotiations by voicing inflammatory views. Sound Tough This is almost certainly as silly as the denunciations of the Korean War as a "useless" war. The leaders in the" Kremlin and at Peking are hard-headed men, aft- er all. They must Have been great- ly impressed.by the fact that a large, influential and rapidly grow- ing group of Americans was de- manding stronger action in the Far East. The Soviet and Chinese policy-makers must" _have been aware that a continuation 'of the bloody stalemate in Korea would involve very great risks for_them. The prospect that the Kno'wland- Radford-Taft viewpoint might soon become a majority American view- point, was probably the major in- fluence in getting the Communists to give way on the issue of the prisoners. Free Men Must Stand United, Tel JCs in Mi nnea Tornado Kills 82 in Massachusetts Units Of A Three-Story brick structure were leveled by a tornado that swept through a vet- erans housing project at Worcester, Mass., last night. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Cleanup Crews At Work in Flint FLINT, Mich. the second dawn rose on the wreckage left fay a string of Michigan and Ohio tornadoes, crews resumed cleanup work and the long search for more dead. I Worst hit in the roaring winds that whirled down out of Monday i evening's dark skies were the northern outskirts of this, industrial city. Hip Ailment Serious, Taft Tells Senate WASHINGTON Wl-Sen. Taft (R- Ohio) announced today his hip ail- ment "is a serious one" that will keep him from being active as Senate floor leader for the rest of this session of Congress. Returning here from a four-day Checkup by doctors in a New York hospital, Taft hobbled on to the Senate floor on crutches and said his administrative assistant, Jack Martin, would issue a statement later. Martin's statement, approved by Taft, said: "Sen. Taft retured to the Sen- ate today after a further consulta- tion regarding his hip condition with leading doctors. "They have advised him that the condition is a serious one, and that while he can attend the Senate and keep up with his work there, he will have to take a good deal of rest, and pursue a course of treat- ment which will prevent his being active as floor leader during the balance of the session." The -dead here were counted at Kansas Flier Gets Two More Russian MIGs SEOUL James W. Ja- bara of Wichita, Kan., America's first jet ace, shot down two MIGs today to boost his score to 11 and become the sixth double jet ace But twisters took at least eight! of the Korean-War, other gigantic swipes to kill a to- tal of 139, injure more than and do possibly 15 million dollars in property damage. Eight died in the Cleveland area, Jabara, on his second combat tour in Korea, is credited with three probables and eight damaged MIGs in addition to the 11 kills. Jabara maneuvered one MIG in- eight in Wood County, Ohio, and I to crashing and oth- one each in Elyria, 0., and Ceylon, 0. In Michigan, four were killed in Akron, 0; Erie, just across the Ohio line, four in Tawas, a northern resort town, and one each in the Ann Arbor area and the tiny Lapeer County village of Brown City. State Police Capt. Lawrence Meehan, in charge of hundreds of police still on the scene north of Flint, reported that workers were convinced bodies. The Flint twister 'swept through a tightly packed area of modest factory workers' homes in Beecher j er. He was on bis 97th mission. Another MIG was probably de- j stroyed by Lt. Fred L. Hughes of they had found aE metropolitan district, leveling ev- erything, but a few stark naked trees in a four-mile by .four-block area. Brig. Gen. Lester J. Maitland, Michigan Civil Defense director, es- timated total property damage at "upwards of 10 million dollars." He said this figure included 130 homes destroyed, 97 that were 70 per cent or more damaged, 176 au- tomobiles destroyed, the Beecher school 40 per cent damag- ed and heavy damage to virtually all public utilities. Thunderjet and Sabre jet fighter- bombers hit two Red airfields in North Korea. .Only brief skirmishes flared along the muddy battlefront. Pa- trols prowled through no man's land to make sure no surprise at- tack was in the offing. Thirty-one Thunderjets made four cuts in a sod air- strip at Kanggye, near the Yalu River. During the night 40 B26 bombers attacked Red positions along the Western and Central Fronts. Eighth Army headquarters said U. N. divisions killed or wounded Reds in the week ended Sun- day, This was a 60 per cent in- crease over the previous week. The Army dropped its weekly report on the number of Red pris- oners taken, apparently co-ordinat- ing the move with U. N. nego- tiators at Panmunjom. An Army briefing officer said prisoner in- formation now is classified as a "security measure." Thirteen Cars of an Omaha Railroad train dropped into swollen Spring Creek when a flood- ed trestle collapsed Monday night'near Madetia, Minn. The diesel engine of the-51-car-train had just cleared the bridge when ;the .13-cars behind it uncoupled and fell into the stream. No one was hurt (AP Photo) Storm; Worst Near Worcester Big Housing Development in City Leveled WORCESTER, Mass. Ml Na> tional Guardsmen patrolled th e rubble-filled streets of 11 Worcester County communities today as searchers dug through ruins left by a death-dealing tornado that took at least 82 lives, made home- less and caused up to damage. Authorities feared the death toll might Police- said ruins of 200 houses still remained to be searched. Frantic families visited morgues and hospitals in search of missing relatives and friends. In one Wor- cester hospital there were eight unidentified bodies. The worst tornado ever .to visit New England whirled in a twisting, destructive path through Central Massachusetts during the supper hour Tuesday. It spent its fury within 30 minutes. Damage Heavy City Councillor Irving Katz, a real estate: man, estimated the damage at Gov. Eerter has declared the stricken sections a disaster area. In Washington, the .Reconstruc- tion Finance Corp., declared strick- en sections qualified for special loan treatment. About 400 of sthe injured were either hospitalized or treated at first aid stations. All sightseers were warned -to keep away from the devastated districts; More than volunteers from Massachusetts and other New Eng- land states worked to aid the in- jured and homeless. State highways, blocked over- night were opened today in the Worcester-Shrewsbury area. Re- pair crews of the Worcester Public Works Department discovered sev- eral leaking gas mains and gas workers were summoned to fix them. Heavily Populated The crushing wind struck this heavily populated area less than 24 hours after a similar storm hit sections of Ohio and Michigan with a loss of 140 lives. It caught many families in there homes preparing for supper. Debris was carried by the be_avy wind as far as 40 miles away. A big -housing development in Worcester was almost completely leveled. Two housing developments on the suburban residential town of Hoi- den were badly damaged, 'A new five million -dollar build- ing of the Norton Company, a Wor- cester machine tool plant, was reduced 'to a tangled jumble of steel and bricks. Two Catholic nuns and a priest were killed at Assumption College, Worcester, where a retreat was in progress. Some 100 priests from Northeastern states were attending the retreat. Scene Described A National Guard officer de- scribed the scene at the college as "just like a place that had been shelled." He added that a number of clergymen were in a dazed con- dition "like shell shock victims." Three bodies were found along- side Route 20, Shrewsbury, near the wreckage of several automo- biles. _ Donall Sanborn, 46-year-old farm manager, told of seeing a -woman neighbor decapitated and'his father- in-law blown away with his house in Shrewsbury. Mrs. Marjorie Collette, 34, said the wind was so strong "it-blew a divan and refrigerator right out the window." Peter Glinsky, 63, a resident of the Brookside Home, said: "I was walking on the grounds of the home'when it and hailstones as. big as golf balls started falling. Then a terrific wind came out of nowhere. "I saw a big section of a cement sidewalk lifted and tossed 50 feet The downtown' section of .Wor- cester, an industrial city of more than escaped heavy dam- age.. Most of the' dead .were re- ported. from the. residential .neigh- borhood! and suburban 3 Killed in Engine Blast HINTON, W. Va. Chesa- peake and Ohio steam' locomotive pulling a long coal train chugged into the Hinton yards yesterday and exploded in a cloud of black smoke. The three crewmen were killed. Some 300 feet of track were ripped up. The locomotive's cab was blown 100 feet away into the New River. Cause of the explosion was unknown. Killed were the engineer, W. H. Anderson, 62; fireman, Joe Sulli- van, 47; and brakeman, 0. B. Richmond. Minneapolis Man Drowns in Tonka MINNEAPOLIS Wl Walter F. Knollenberg, 31, Minneapolis, drowned in Lake Minnetonka Tues- day night when his speedboat over- turned. Virginia Cease, 21, clung to the overturned boat until help came and was rescued. President Eisenhower boards his plane in Washington for the start of a trip which took him to Minneapolis this afternoon. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Cease-Fire Near On Korean Front Staff Officers Working on Final Armistice Paper By ROBERT B. TliCKMAN PANMUNJOM tf) United Na- tions and Communist truce nego work apparently all but handed staff of- ficers the job of putting a Korean armistice into final form, .then re cessed indefinitely. All signs still pointed to a cease- fire within' the week, but these developments clouded the picture: 1. Switzerland announced it would not serve on the five-nation prisoner' repatriation commission unless South Korea approves the truce. 2. South Korean leaders reitera- ted bitter opposition and anti-ar- mistice demonstrations raged in Seoul for the second straight day. 3. A spokesman for Syngman Rhee dashed reports that the South Korean President will fly to Wash- ington to make a personal appeal against the Rhee, 'he said, will not leave Korea "at this time of grave situations." Details of what went on at to- day's plenary session at Panmun- jom were not disclosed, but, the delegates presumably completed their work. 23 minutes, they recessed at Communist request subject to call by either side. Lower level officers then as- sembled in the tiny truce hut and reportedly went to work on a re- view of the cease-fire line that will separate Allied and Red forces dur- ing a truce. They met for an hour and 36 minutes, then adjourned until Thursday. In Washington, the Swiss move worried officials. The State De- partment reportedly made it plain to the Swiss legation that it hoped Switzerland would reconsider. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and with local thundershowers tonight and Thursday. No important tem- perature changes. Low tonight 60, high Thursday 78. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 lours ending at 12 m. today: 'Maximum, 82; minimum, 60; noon, 82; precipitation, trace; sun sets; .tonight .at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (North Central Observations) High temperature last 24 hours was 75 at noon today, low 64 at a.m. There .was a scattered iayer of clouds at feet. Visi- jility 15 miles plus, wind from the east at five miles baro- meter 53 per cent. vv Duluth Seaman Held in Robbery Of Siren Bank SIREN, Wis. W! A youthful Duluth, Minn'. Great Lakes sea- man was in custody today as a suspect in the robbery Tuesday of the Siren' branch of the Grants- burg; Wis. State Bank. Sheriff Emil Stusek of- Burnett County said 18-year-old Frederick Lee Koeller bad admitted the hold- up after in currency was re- covered from his shoes. Koeller was. arrested by' Stusek and R. L. Murphy, Federal Bureau of Investigation from Milwaukee; as the youth was hitchhiking along Highway 35 about three miles south of-here. ted stealing a .car owned by a Duluth parks department employe prior to his raid on the bank. Stusek said Koeller's home was in Milwaukee but that he had been j living in Duluth between lake-trips. The sheriff added that a federal complaint charging bank robbery would be. issued at Madison, Wis., today. He said a second federal charge of driving a stolen car over state lines would not be. pres- sed. Can't Go If Alone, View Of President 5-State Tour To End on Sunday Evening MINNEAPOLIS UP) President Eisenhower said today all the free nations of the world must stand together in the "total defense" against Communism. He declared the United States, even though the strongest nation on earth, "cannot make our own decisions, fight and stand as only we ourselves may choose." "There is no such thing.as par- tial unity. That is a contradiction in Eisenhower said in a speech prepared for the National Junior Chamber of Commerce. The President also defended his controversial cut in the Truman administration's Air Force budget, declaring his program will .mean "fewer planes in theory, more planes in more swiftly and less expensively." In pointed words, Eisenhower declared that the insistence of his critics on "magic numbers" an apparent reference to those insist- ing on a 143-wing air force if "not reasonable." Five-State Tour The President named no names in today's speech, his first on a. five-state tour that will keep him away from Washington until Sun- day night, but he elaborated some of the views, he expressed after Sen. Robert' A.-Taft's recent speech proposing that this country "forget the United Nations" if cur- rent armistice talks in Korea fail to stop the fighting. Taft later said he didn't mean this-country should "go it alone" but rather that the United States should form an alliance with Brit- .ain and1 those other countries will- ing to fight Communism, in Asia actively. Outlining what he called "our whole concept" of the conduct of world affairs, Eisenhower ham- mered on the theme that. unity with Allies of the free world is necessary the globe over. He said: "A total struggle let us never forget it calls for a total de- fense. 'As there is no weapon too small no arena too remote to be ignored, so there is no free na- tion too humble to be forgotten. All of us have learned first from the onslaught of Nazi aggres- sion, then from Communist aggres- sion that all free nations must stand together, or they shall fall separately." And this "essential, indispensa- ble 'he declared, "means compromise." The essence of the democratic process is compromise "within a clearly defined, clearly under- stood framework of the President said. .Eisenhower set out this, concept, of indispensable unity as his reply to those 'Who lean to what he called "the fortress theory" of de- fense. This, he said, is the theory, that (Continued on Page 3, Column 6.) EISENHOWER Miss America, Neva Jane Langley of Macon, Ga added glamor to the National Junior Chamber of Commerce convention Min- neapolis today when she came to town to campaign for the 1955 Jaycee convention for Georgia Lee Price Jr, left, Atlanta past president, and Carl Vann, Valdosta, Ga., also are beating the Georgia drums. Miss Langley was a Wmona visitor during the Winter Carnival but.sickness prevented her from taking an active part. (AP Wirephoto to The RepuWjcan-Herald)
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