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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 3, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Thunderstiowers Tonight, Cooler; Cloudy Thursday Band Concert Tonight at 8 Lake Park VOLUME S3, NO. 90 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JUNE 3, 1953 EIGHTEEN PACES At 54 And 66, these two graduates of Pennsylvania State Col- lege at State College, Pa., have been awarded degrees. Clyde J. R. Witman, left, who has spent 11 years acquiring a college degree, now is building his own home at 54, Mrs. Marguerite Marsh, who at 66 qualified for a bachelor's degree in education, relaxes in her trailer home at right. (AP Wirephoto to The Elizabeth Begins Calls on Subjects By MILTON MARMOR LONDON Elizabeth II, truly crowned "in the sight of all the people turned today from the paths of pageantry to dingy Cockney streets and a round of personal calls, on her adoring subjects. Yes'terday's exaltation, now consecrated in Britain's memory, marked the beginning of six weeks of coronation journeys. With her handsome husband, the Duke of Edinburgh, at her side, Elizabeth today started motoring through neighborhood byways for face-to-face chats with plain peo- TODAY Western Alliance Weakenec jy JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON This seems a good moment to have a look at the troublesome problem of Anglo- American relations. Despite all the fanfare about the coronation, this country's relations with Bri- tain are bad already, and are get- ting worse. If the strain increases much further, in fact, the Western alliance will at least be paralyzed, if not- finally disrupted. It remains to should be so. If why this ple. First on her itinerary was Lon- don's northeast section, where she will drive this afternoon past the homes of the poor and the humble, including the true born within the sound of the bells of famous old Bow Church. Tomorrow the royal couple visits Northwest London, with tours of other sections of the city Sunday and Monday. The Queen presides at state ban- quets for distinguished coronation guests at Buckingham -Palace to- night and tomorrow night. To Visit Many Cities Elizabeth's travels through her in future weeks key cities of her capital, and through other home islands, typify the task des- tiny has cut out- for be her subjects' living symbol of every- inquiries among the American and British officials and others who know the problem best, the answer to the question appears to come in three parts. First of all, there are the sur- face irritants. The anti-American carryings-on of Aneurin Sevan in London, and the anti-British pro- paganda of Senator McCarthy here in Washington, are curiously simi- lar. Each of these politicians hopes to make important personal gains by breaking up the Western Alli make careful thing Britain cherishes, to be me maKe careiui (je jading together the varied races of the Commonwealth to whom she is the Queen and first ance, which also happens to be the Kremlin's principal objective. McCarthy and what he stands for are Sevan's greatest assets citizen. In London, throughout Great Bri- tain and. in every continent where Britain's contribution to history has left indelible marks, peoples cele- brated the Queen's coronation yes- terday in ancient Westminster Ab- bey. fires blazed through the land. Fire- works turned London's night into a spectacular theatrical pageant. The fever of the coronation ebBed only in the early hours today, when the tired thousands finally took to bed. Elizabeth's subjects all through the scattered Commonwealth cele- brated with the same enthusiasm as the millions here. "God Save the Queen" echoed through the scrub hills of Korea, where soldiers of five Common- wealth lands hold front-line posi- tions against the Communists. Ar- tillery fired red, white and blue shells and tank guns loosed a syn- chronized salvo. In lonely Kenya outposts, where (Continued on Page 15, Column 3) QUEEN In these islands they carried their h a p p i n ess into the rain- drenched night in an ecstasy of carnival spirit. Crowds g-f o w i n g to cheered the Queen and her family on six different appearances they in Britain. what'lie the flood-lit balcony at stands for are McCarthy's most I Buckingham Palace. Thousands useful assets in America. Sevan I danced, in tte streets. Great in some measure intimidates the British Foreign Office. McCarthy in a very large measure has in- timidated the State Department. Hence it would'be foolish to deny that these two men and their allies and fellow travelers have influenc- ed the national policies of Britain and America. Yet neither Bevan nor McCarthy would have got very far, if it had not been for the fun- damental difference in Britain's and America's national situation. This difference, which is the second factor troubling Anglo- American relations, of course com- prises a vast and complex array of facts, economic, geographic, constitutional and even social. As of today, however, what is funda mentally different is the attitude of the two nations towards the ever-present risk of a third world war. For instance, a considerable number of Americans, even in- cluding such high officials as the future chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Admiral Radford, can and do believe in some form or other of war with Communist China. The risk of general war is obviously inherent in this and other ventures that have been pro- posed. But the fear of a third world war is not yet omnipresent and "all-dominating in this country. This risk may be right and needful (Continued on Page 7, Column 2) ALSOPS WEATHER FEDERAL'FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Local tbundershowers early tonight, dim- inishing and becoming cooler by Thursday morning. Thursday part- ly cloudy and cooler. Low tonight 59, high Thursday 76. LOCAL WEATHER 'Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 81; minimum, 57; noon, 81; precipitation, .10; sun sets tonight sun rises to- morrow a' AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Low temperature last 24 hours was 62 at a.m. today, high 77 -at noon. Broken layer of 'clouds at feet, visibility 12 miles, wind from the southeast'at 15 miles an hour. Barometer 29.76. falling. Humidity 68 per-cent Justice Frilz Won't Run Again MADISON Chief Justice Os- car M. Fritz of the Wisconsin Su- preme Court will not be a candi- date for re-election next spring. He announced today plans for retirement when his term expires in January, 1955. In a statement, Chief Justice Fritz, who is 75, said: "After more than 41 years of judicial service of which more than 24 have been on the Supreme Court, I have decided to retire at the end of my present term. "Accordingly, I will not be a candidate next spring. I am mak- ing this announcement at this time so that effort can be made to in- duce one or more qualified candi- dates to stand for election. "The work of the highest court in' the state is confining and ar- duous, but I have enjoyed it. I have had able and congenial as- sociates, and the lawyers of the state have been very co-operative in presenting their cases. I wish to thank all of them, as well as the voters who have expressed their confidence in me by returning me to office so many times." Presbyterians Urge U.S. Give Support to U.N. MINNEAPOLIS toward adjournment Seeks House OK on Taxes Humphrey Wants Excess Profits Levy Extended By CHARLES F. BARRETT WASHINGTON Eisen- hower administration, having brok- en the ice on reciprocal trade, renewed its effort today to thaw out the House Ways and Means Committee on an extension of the excess profits tax. Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey, quizzed sharply Mon- day on the administration's pro- posal to extend for six months the bitterly opposed tax, was called back before the committee for more of the -same today. Rosenbergs Tell Of U. S. Offer Meanest Man Steals Boy's Lawn mower A compromise agreement yes- terday afternoon apparently paved the way for quick approval by the key committee of another request by President one- year extension of the act which authorizes the President to cut tariffs in reciprocal trade agree- ments with other countries. Major Victory In a major victory for the ad- ministration. Rep. Richard M. Simpson (R-Pa) and other Repub- lican leaders on the committee agreed to sponsor a trade bill Movingj along the lines urged by Eisen- today, the hower. 165th General Assembly of the GOP leaders in the House and Presbyterian Church in the U. S. A. Senate said they had high hopes was on record in calling upon the of speeding the bill through Con- administration to continue making gress by June 12, when the present ihe United Nations a major corner- stone of U. S. foreign policy. trade act expires. Demograts, however, promised a "We also wish to encourage U. N. battle over one point in the com- jroups working in the fields of promise increase the Tar- world disarmament and control of j iff Commission from six to seven atomic said the resolu-1 members, in effect giving Repub- ion of the church's committee on I licans a majority. But differences Social Education and ap- over this point were not expected proved by delegates late Tuesday. In the field of racial relations, the report urged Presbyterians to watch for possible violations of Christian brotherhood. "We rejoice in progress toward ilimination of racial discrimination mt the situation is still the-report went on. It recommend- ed that church members take part n activities of municipal human ights groups. Delegates also termed some existing immigration laws "un- airly and inexcusably calling upon congressional com- mittees to hold hearings looking pward enactment of laws in this ield that are "wholesomely Amer- also urge said can.' "We he .resolution, "of emergency egislation that will make possible he entrance for permanent resi- dence in the U. S. of some European refugees in the next two as recommended by the "resident." The church also reaffirmed the ight of individuals to object to military service on the basis of eligious convictions, and went on ecord against peacetime conscrip- ion. The assembly unanimously ap-1 iroved late Tuesday a committee eport critical of congressional investigating committees. The report, loudly applauded vhen read said rights of ave been jeopardized by failure of Congress to maintain "the historic iistinction" between the legislative nd judicial functions of govern- ment. "We deplore the possibility that juilt by suspicion and investiga- .on, rather than by trial, may be- ome the future standard of jus- ice within our the report aid. It also called upon school ad- ministrators to "eliminate the evil f Communism when it is found in leir midst." to block the plan as a whole. The trade issue had been dead- locked in the ways and means committee for several weeks. Under the compromise, Simpson has put the restrictive provisions of his original proposal in a sepa- rate bill. Free to Fjght he is still free to fight for them. But House GOP leaders also are free to sidetrack these and that seemed likely to happen. Meanwhile, both sides agreed to push through the less controversial extension bill. The administration has said it plans no new agreements under the bill this year but considers the authority an important symbol, in the free world defense alliance, of U. S, intention to promote inter- national trade. U. S. allies abroad have anxious- ly urged a lowering of American trade barriers. The new Simpson extension bill includes several concessions to the Pennsylvania lawmaker which were acceptable to the adminis- tration. The bill would create a 17-man commission to study tariff and trade policies and report next year. Thus Simpson still can seek to have his proposals included when the administration determines upon its permanent tariff policy. PHILADELPHIA lawn- mower and a year-old puppy are the dearest possessions of 19-year-old Jack Craig, a cer- ebral palsy victim. Craig earns his living by mowing lawns in the neighbor- hood. The puppy always keeps him company. -Tuesday, Toot- sie fell in an open storm sewer. Craig dropped his lawnmower and aided by a passerby, res- cued the puppy. When he turn- ed around, the mower was gone. An onlooker said that he had seen a man put it into the back of his car and drive away. Nation Open to Atomic Attack, Scientists Say By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON WV-An advisory committee of industrial and scien- tific leaders told the Defense De- partment today that "in the light of stern facts" there can be no safety against atomic attack for the United States. The committee, headed by M. J. Kelly, pre_sident of Bell Telephone Laboratories, was appointed last December to study the problems of defense of the North American continent against atomic attack. The Defense Department rushed out a summary of the committee's report this morning, an hour before Air Gen. Hoyt Vandenberg was scheduled to appear before a Con- gressional committee for question- ing as to whether the budget cut- backs proposed by the administra- tion would set back the Air Force's expansion program. In its summary, the committee commented that "the Soviet Union is militarily capable today of a surprise attack in the United States which could cause large loss of life and major property damage and possibly temporarily lessen the capabilities of the U. S. to sup- port a major war effort." On that ground the committee argued for speedy development of 'atomic offensive capability" as a deterrent. A Watch Of Nurse Phyllis Schilleman attracts attention of Rod- ney Dee Brodie, a separated Siamese twin in his play chair at the University of Illinois unit at Chicago. The boy, son of a Ferris, 111., farmer was separated from his twin on Dec. 12. The brother died. Rodney, born Sept. 16, 1951, wears an oversized baseball cap to cover some of the results of surgery which will later be less evident. (AP Wirephoto.to The Republican-Herald) BroJie Twin Winning Fight for Normal Life By ROBERT GOLDENSTEIN CHICAGO science has nearly finished the history- making role it played in separating the Brodie in keeping one of them alive. From now on, Rodney Dee Brodie will be traveling largely on his own along the uphill road his parents pray will lead to a normal life. Congress Accepting Ike Plan on China By JACK BELL WASHINGTON 'appears on the way today toward Thousands Jammed Trafalgar Square in Lon- don to-see Queen Elizabeth's royal carriage, center, travel to Westminster Abbey for-corona- accepting President .Eisenhower's personally exercised leadership on Red China and reciprocal trade policies. As the result of direct presidential intervention the Senate, was ready to approve an appropriations bill rider limited to express- ing the opinion that the Chinese Communists should not be ad- mitted to the United Nations. At the President's suggestion in a White House conference, con- gressional leaders substituted this yesterday for a sharp-toothed rider which would have cut off U. S. fund contributions for the U. N. if it admitted the-Chinese Reds. The President's hand.was almost as clearly discernible in a com- promise agreement reached by House leaders to push through legislation requested by the White House to extend the present recip- rocal trade agreements program for one year. House leaders bypassed contro- versial changes to which the Pres- ident had objected and Chairman Millikin (R-Colo) of the Senate Finance Committee promised speedy consideration in the Senate after the House clears the meas- ure. The two abrupt changes in course by congressional leaders marked Eisenhower's biggest success to date in influencing the course of [egislation. But the congressional lieutenants were not without their own. tokens of victory. Senators Bridges of New. Hamp- shire, the .president -pro-texnpore, and Knowland of California, chair- man of the GOP Policy Co'mmit- :ee, claimed Eisenhower had gone, 'arther than any previous commit- ment of his own or the preceding D e m o c r a.t i c .administration" in- promising opposition to Red China's admission to the U. N. tion ceremonies. (AP Wirephoto via radio'from It, was the deep hope of such a i normal life that prompted his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Roy Brodie, to consent last winter to an opera- tion never before successful. The doctors had a more immedi- ate problem after the twins, joined at the head, were separated in a 12-hour and 40-minute operation Dec. 17. The first task was to keep both or one alive'. Twin Roger Lee didn't make it. He died 34 days later without re- gaining consciousness. Rodney teetered for two months between life and death. Then on March 11 came his 20th and most crucial operation. Surgeons suc- ceeded in covering his exposed brain with skin grafts. The danger of fatal brain infec- tion was gone. The 20-months-1 old boy entered a new phase of j life. Rodney developed a sort of-left- side paralysis after the operation. This condition has improved con- siderably with the aid of physical and occupational therapy. He faces still more major surg- ery in a few months when doctors build a hard skull top of bone, plastic or metal to be inserted under the skin on his head. This will have to be replaced as he grows older and his head becomes larger. When the top is in place, Rod ney will have the physical equip ment for reasonably normal life He has hair on the front half o. his head, transplanted from above his ears. There are deep scars along the sides of his head. Doc tors say these will fade. Rodney likes music, crawls, plays with toys and jabbers a few words to doctors, nurses and play in his ward at the Illinois Neuropsychiatric Institute. Doctors describe him as reasona- bly bright, good natured and ii fairly good general health. Bui they say it is too early to deter- mine whether he is completely normal mentally. Anderson Names 3 To Health Board ST. PAUL GB Gov. Anderson today named three new members to the state board of health and one new member to the state board of barber examiners. New appointees on the board of health are Mrs. Inez Madsen, jWorthington funeral director; Dr. W. W. Ruthton dentist, and Dr. James physician. Their terms expire the first Monday in January, 1956. succeed Dr. W. Lester Fairmont; Dr. M. Sidney Hedeen, St. .Paul; and Dr. Gaffin, Rochester. The governor named Ira L. Tom- linson, Brainerd, to the board of barber examiners for a term ex- piring May 1956. He succeeds George Anctil, Duluth. Dr. George C.: Scott, LeSueur, was reappointed as industry mem- of 'the Pol- lution Control for a term ending May 22, 1957. Boy Drowns, Youth Dead in Scooter Crash By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Names of two children were added to Minnesota's violent death toE today. At Detroit Lakes, 2-year-old Falle Hutton drowned in 8 inches of water when he momentarily wandered out of his father's sight at the family's home on Little Detroit Lake and slipped down an embankment. Dr. F.'J. Rogstad, a lake neigh- bor, discovered the child lying face down in the shallows. But, even with the help of firemen and a resuscitator he failed to revive him. The boy's father is manager of. KDLM in Detroit Lakes. In Minneapolis, Terry Strom, 16, was killed when his scooter collid- ed with an auto on Lake Harriet Boulevard: He was the son of Mrs. Joyce Strom. Edgar Thomas, also a passenger with Strom on the scooter, was hospitalized with minor hurts. Both deaths occurred late Tues- day. Say Government Offered Lives For Confession Couple Scheduled To Die June 18 i, At Sing Sing OSSINING, N. Y. spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg said today they were offered a deal by the, government to spare their lives in return for a confession of spying. The couple declared they spurned the deal and are prepared. to rest their case with history, even if it costs their lives in Sing Sing Prison's electric chair. They are scheduled to die the night of June 18 for conspiracy to betray America's atom bomb se- crets to Russia. Although there have been past hints that the government is pre- pared to make such a deal with the Rosenbergs, this was the first time the couple had mentioned an out and out offer. Their statement was issued by their attorney, Emanuel Bloch, who talked to them today at the prison. Tuesday the Rosenbergs sa_id they were visited'by Federal -Pris- on Director James V. Bennett They labeled him an emissary of Attorney General Herbert Brown- en. Today's statement read: "Yesterday we were offered a. deal by the attorney general of tha U. S. We told that if we co- operated with the government, our lives would be- spared. "By asking us to repudiate the truth of our innocence the govern- ment admits its doubts concerning our guilt. We will not help to purify the foul record of a fraudulent con- viction and a barbaric sentence: "We solemnly declare now and forever more that we will not be coerced even under pain of death to bear false witness and to yield up to tyranny our rights as free Americans., "Our respect for truth, conscience and human dignity is not for sale. Justice is not some bauble to be sold to the highest bidder. "If we are executed it will be the murder of innocent people and the shame will be" on the govern- ment of the U. S. History will we live or that we were victims of the most monstrous frameup in the history of our country." Kohler Signs Contracts for Dairy Center MADISON, Wis. Kohler signed contracts today for con- struction of a dairy in- struction and research center for the University of Wisconsin college of agriculture. Largest of was Brothers, Madison, for general construction. six contracts, for aw'arded to Vogel Red Truce Reply Remains Secret By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN MUNSAN Communists handed the Allies a letter relating to the Korean armistice talks at a two-minute meeting of liaison of- ficers' today. The U. N. Command said its' contents would remain se- cret. An official spokesman said, how- a full-scale negotiating ses- sion will be held on. schedule at- 11 a.m. tomorrow after a nine-day recess. The Reds were expected to an- swer the latest Allied proposal for Breaking the prisoner exchange deadlock, last major barrier to a Korean truce. Barring a last-minute change, Thursday's truce session will be secret, The U. N. Command asked for. secrecy, Communists re- served the right to ask at anytime hat the sessions be made public. The disposition of Allied captives who refuse to return to Communism is the last big; road )lock to a cease-fire in the nearly, three-year-old' war. The U. N. Command offered its iroposal in a closed .door session tlay .25 and the contents never lave South Been' officially Korean sources disclosed, have di- vulged most of the The talks then were recessed, first at Allied request, then at Red request indicating the Commu- nists have given the offer serious study. Communist radio ally a sounding board for official been unusually quiet throughout the recess, giving no hint what the Red position might be. The drawn-out talks resume amid apparently easing tensions between, the U. N. and South Korea, which has bitterly- denounced the Allied offer as a "sellout." South Korea, after boycotting the May 25 session, indicated that a delegate will attend Thursday's meeting in Panmunjom. .South Korean President Syngman; Rhee, after disclosing he received- a message from U. S. told newsmen Tues-- day he will co-operate with the U. S. "at any cost." But the fiery 78-year-old leader reiterated he will insist that Chi- nese forces withdraw from NorthJ Korea after an armistice. A ma-- jor point of the draft armistice al-7 ready accepted--by-both sides allows.: Chinese and U. N. troops to stay in Korea after an armistice.
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