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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 25, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Showers Tonighf, Tuesday Partly Cloudy, Cooler Take Your Republican-Herald On Your Vacation VOLUME 53, NO. 83 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, MAY 25, 1953 TWENTY PAGES ELIZABETH 11 Queen Discovered Royal Prerogative At an Early Age By JAMES F. KING (Just eight days from now Elizabeth II will be croianed and consecrated as queen of Britain and its commonwealth. At 27, she carries to the throne the hopes and yearnings of Britons who re- call their Empire had its greatest blossoming under Elizabeth I and Victoria. To give the story of her personality and upbringing, James F. King of the AP's London staff has written a series of five stories carrying Elizabeth 11 from cradle to throne. This is the first of the series.) LONDON Even as a princess at the toddling age, Elizabeth II caught on to her royal prerogatives. One of her early discoveries on a visit to Buckingham Palace -was that the sentry presented arms every time she passed. So, slipping away from her nurse, she paraded back and forth smiling happily as the poor sentry clicked his heels to attention each time. She made 20 passes before being rounded up. From these and other stories, Elizabeth has been called "the girl born to be queen." Yet the Queenship seemed far I removed for the first child of the I popular young Duke and Duchess of York when she was born early in the morning of April 21, 1926 in the home of her maternal grandfather, the Earl of Strath- more. Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Wind- I sor was a royal princess in her 'own right, but third in line to the throne behind her uncle David and her own father who told friends he himself was "not palace minded." Three Kings Before she was 10, her grand- father, King George, V, died. Uncle David, the dashing Prince of Wales became Edward VIII, and abdicat- ed after 324 days for the love of an American divorcee. Her father became King George VI, and by a sharp twist in fate she had come into the direct line of succession. George VI died Feb. 6, 1952 at the age of 56 and the Princess became Queen. It was less than 26 years since her birth. She won the hearts of monarchy- minded Britons at once, Elizabeth came under the official royal inspection of her grand- mother. Queen Mary, soon after her birth. The matriarch bent over the cot of her first granddaughter and sighed, "I wish you were more like your mother." To this day, Elizabeth is com- monly known as "her father's daughter." She holds a remarkable likeness to the late George VI. The rearing of children in the British royal family, though modi- fied down through the years, had long followed the general Victorian pattern that strength of character was developed by severity and even repression. But the shy Duke of York pre- ferred the life of a country gentle- man to the limelight and was de- termined to shield his young daughter from the overpowering shadow of the crown as much as possible. His wife, a Scottish com- moner named Elizabeth Bowes- Lyon, dreaded the bleak rigidity of royalty's life, too. So there was nothing austere or primitive about the Princess' early upbringing. "In the days of my j she remarked years later, "the sun seemed always to be shining." She invented a nickname for her- self as soon as she could talk. Jy JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP (Continued Colum" 5> Crowley Wilson, 29, bottom, is led to safely by Harry Bjorn- son, Seattle city engineering de- partment employe, after Wilson decided not to jump from Au- rora bridge. Wilson climbed down to girders under bridge, 175 feet above Lake Union, and then waited until rescuers reached him. (AP Wirephoto) Britain's Future Queen, then Princess Elizabeth, sat at the feet of her grandfather, King George V, in this section of a formal wedding portrait follow- ing the marriage of the Duke of Kent and Princess Marina in 1934. The old king was "Grand- papa England" to the future Queen Elizabeth II, who would sit on his knee while he spun tales about the empire and the faraway places he had visited. This was an introductory edu- cation course to the queen, who -will be enthroned on June 2. (AP Wirephoto) TODAY .mazing Dr. Johnson Interviewed Sturdy ROKs Beat Off Bitter 3-Hour Attack By FORREST EDWARDS SEOUL, W! Sturdy South Ko- rean infantrymen fought off a bit- ter three-hour attack early today by almost 200 Chinese who stormed to the crest of an Allied outpost on the Eastern Front. Standing off the raiders with hand grenades and close range rifle and machinegun fire, the ROKs reported killing or wounding some 60 Red raiders in the battle just southeast of Outpost Texas. Other Allied troopers cut down a dozen smaller Communist probes. U.N. raiding and reconnaissance patrols hit Red lines at 25 points across the 155-mile Front. An Eighth Army spokesman said the Red line is manned by troops. He Intelligence Reports said intelligence reports showed there are slightly more than one million Red troops spread over North Korea with seven Chi- nese armies (about fighting troops each) and two xNorth Ko- rean corps (about each) on the battleline. In the air, Allied fighteY-bombers destroyed 10 buildings in a troop concentration near Sunchon in West Central Korea and hit Red front- line positions in, morning stabs, the Fifth Air Force reported. Night flying B26 bombers also pounded Communist forward areas and slammed tons of bombs on North Korean roads, destroying 45 supply a locomotive and_ 18 boxcars. American Sabre jets went MIG hunting deep in North Korea's MIG Alley, but found none to fight. WASHINGTON The man IB charge of the post-McCarthy Voice of America is Dr. Robert L. John- son, an advertising-man-turned- educator who says he "makes kind of a hobby" of the public service. As the producer of America's voice, he is, in effect, America's Larynx. America's Larynx is pretty in- flamed at the moment. The Presi- dent's Commission on Psychologi- cal Warfare has shown an ugly tendency to lop several provinces off the Johnson empire, which in- cludes all the government's over- seas information activities. In or- der to hear about this threatened "fragmentation" (as the doctor indignantly describes it) one of these reporters recently called at the doctor's new office in one of the dingier State Department an- nexes. The call was a failure in a sense. The big fragmentation problem was all but forgotten. America's Larynx turned out to be far too interesting a phenomenon in his own right. The doctor is a dapper, .smallish man. His speech is a strong, rich flow, studded with reminiscences of the thousand pep talks of his adver- tising years. He receives visitors with the assistance of two lieuten- ants, who play much the same roles in the conversation as the first and second phonographs in Jean Cocteau's Dada drama, "The Marriage Party on the Eiffel Tow- er." The public service note is struck at once, or at least it was in this case. Always Interested "I've always been interested in said the doctor; "and I guess I know most of the people who've been in government, like Tom McCloy, for example." "Jack put in one of the lieutenants. "Yes, John continued the doctor, firmly, adding that' he hadn't exactly consulted McCloy, (Continued on Page 11, Column 5} ALSOPS To Call Election For Hull's Post MADISON Gov. Kohler said Saturday he expected to call a special election to fill the late Rep. Merlin Hull's congressional seat. Kohler made the statement aft- er an announcement by Assembly- man Arthur L. Peterson (R-Pres- cqtt) that he would run for the Ninth District seat if the special Dutch Plane Crash Kills 2, Injures 30 AMSTERDAM Convair of the Paris line of the Dutch Air- lines KLM crashed near Schiphol election were caUed. If more than Airport today shortly after taking off. The number of passengers involved was as yet unknown. .The Convair, apparently unable to get off the ground, crashed into trees and gates near the airport boundary, killing and injuring 30. one Republican candidate entered the race, a primary election would have to be held. Hull, 82, died last Sunday at La Crosse. The veteran Republican from Black River Falls was, the oldest member of the House. Ernest Vandeweghe, New York Knickerbocker basketball star, turns to talk to his bride, the former Colleen Kay Hutchins, Miss America of 1952, following their marriage in New York. At left is Carl Braun, best man and Vandeweghe's teammate on the Knicks. At right is the maid of honor, Yolande Betbeze, Miss America of 1951. The newlyweds plan a honeymoon in Europe which will include viewing the coronation in England. Colleen Kay was a guest of honor in Winona during 1952 Steamboat Days. Story on Page 4. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) RussWantBig4 Parley, Oppose Allied Meeting Condemn Ike's Plan to Meet With Britain, France By EDDY GILMORE MOSCOW Soviet Union's latest major statement on foreign policy has made it plain the Krem- lin strongly believes in a Big Four conference but just as strongly op- poses Big Three talks which don't include the Russians. The Soviet expression came in a full-page Pravda editorial yester- day, the Communist party organ: 1. Condemned President Eisen- hower's plan to meet with Prime Minister Churchill and a new French Premier. Such a meeting, said Pravda, means a continuance of Western "collusion" against the Soviet Union and "can bring about the further heightening of the ten- sion in international relations." 2. Generally approved Churchill's proposal for talks by the top East- West government leaders and par- ticulary that "Churchill, unlike other statesmen of the West, does not tie up his proposal with any preliminary obligations for one or the other side." Blast- U. S. Demands 3. Blasted American demands for further Soviet action as a prelimi- nary to any East-West meeting. Regarding Korea and Austria (which Eisenhower and Secretary of State Dulles had cited as areas where the Russians could back up their peace talk with peace Pravda said, "in both these cases things depend not on the Soviet Union but on the U. S. A. and England, which have not yet given their 'just share' in either case." 4. Called for settlement of the Korean War and the German question to "prepare the soil" for solution of other world issues. Pravda said Germany should be reunified but that a "revival of German militarism" must be pre- vented; the last Communist pro- posals on. Korean prisoners of war provide the "necessary basis for a practical solution of this last question which stands in the way of a truce and, therefore, the end of the war in Korea." Flay Churchill Idea 5. Dismissed as "worthless" Churchill's suggestion for Locarno- type treaties guaranteeing Ger- many to re-arm and given her sa. The 1925 Locarno Pact, the ed- itorial said, had permitted Ger- many, to re-arm and given her "freedom of action, in the a new Locarno would result in "groupings of one set of countries against another sharpening in- ternational relations." To many diplomats here, the Pravda statement indicated a keen Russian interest in an East-West meeting. The statement made quite clear, though, that the Soviet Un- ion would attend no such meeting, if the West insists the Soviets must do certain things before such a meeting. Battle Shaping In Congress on Slashed VA Fund By B. L. LIVINGSTONE WASHINGTON (ft- A sharp "economy" battle shaped- up in -Congress today around prospective budget cuts of more than half a billion dollars in veterans funds requested for the fiscal year start- ing July 1." The fact that the largest single cut is contemplated in hospital con- struction, medical care and admin- istration already has touched off strong reaction in the House tradi- tionally sensitive to veterans' af- fairs. An appropriations subcommittee begins closed hearing today on the Veterans Administration budget of some 280 million dol- lars less than requested by former President Truman. Counter Measures Organized counter measures may be forthcoming after a meeting of the House Veterans Affairs Com- mittee called for Wednesday by Chairman Edith Nourse Rogers Mrs. Rogers said she was sum- moning VA officials and others to "Get the facts" before the. House Appropriations Committee can bring its recommendations to the floor for action. Mrs. Rogers' committee already has criticized reduction in medical services in battling for additional funds to meet deficiencies in the VA's medical obligations for the fiscal year ending June 30. Lewis K. Gough. national com- mander of the American Legion, objected strenuously to proposed cuts in the VA hospital program. He called them "a low blow below the belt to the men now fighting in Korea." Dec! ision Ko rean aiied Truce Officials Survey Damage Sunday after two of three cars of a north-bound Chicago North Shore and Milwaukee Railway train left the track at a curve at Harrison St. and Wabash Ave. in Chi- cago's downtown area. Car at right was jarred to a leaning position after leaving the rails. Center car also left the track. Nine persons were in- jured, none seriously. (AP 'Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald) First Atomic Shell Fired From Cannon LAS VEGAS, Nev. Army fired the nation's first atomic shell today from huge cannon dubbed "Atomic Annie." It burst with a brilliant flash over a simulated enemy target. The shot from the 280-MM cannon came at a.m. Within five minutes the customary atomic cloud formed, visible 75 in this resort-gambling to'wn miles away. It developed a lazy S form and appeared to have an ice cap. Sunlight glinted on the white top of the cloud. Its wispy stem led down to a purple base. The cloud rose swiftly and seem- ed to be traveling fast. It did not have the true mushroom shape so familiar in previous nuclear tests. An intensely trained crew of nine men of the 52 Field Artillery Group, Ft. Sill, Okla., loaded the atomic gun, then retired to a safe dis- j tance for the firing, by remote j control from the control point 10 cision to tgll miles away. The shell was fused to explode 500 feet above a target area seven to eight miles north-northeast of the giant gun, which the Army classes as the T131 Rifle because it can be accurately aimed, firing both conventional and atomic shells. The target area represented a typical enemy back-of-the-lines in- stallation. In a grove of 50 trees, which survived the May 7 atomic blast, stood a 45-ton locomotive, 15 tanks, planes, guns and several types of military housing, from fortifications to tents. Various types of Army clothing also were subjected, as were rabbits, mice and pigs in pens. Nation's Leaders Among the nation's leaders on hand for the test were Secretary of Defense Charles E. Wilson and Gen. J. Lawton Collins, Army chief of staff. Nearly 100 congressmen, including Rep. W. Sterling Cole chairman of the Joint Atomic Energy Committee, were assigned positions several miles behind the trenches where Rosenbergs Lose Third Plea WASHINGTON Supreme Court today refused for the third time to grant a hearing to con- demned atom spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. This left as then- only apparent chance to escape troops and 575 military observers had comparative box seats. The trenches were yards from ground zero, or twice as far as the nearest armed forces volun- teers have ventured to an atomic burst. The troops were to attack as soon as radiation lifted. The Army exhibited supreme confidence in Annie's ability to pass the nuclear test. Annie's sis- ter, a 280-MM gun from Fort Sill, was stationed some 200 feet away, ready in caw of emergency. death in the electric chair a de- government any espionage secrets they may still bold. President Eisenhower rejected their clemency pleas last February. Justice Department sources said Saturday the Rosenbergs have been told they might be able to save themselves by "singing" to fed- eral prosecutors. The husband and wife spy team was convicted more than two years ago of wartime conspiracy to transmit atomic secrets to Russia. Army Reopening Camp McCoy for Summer Training CAMP McCOY, Wis. McCoy, virtually shut down last January, is being reawakened for its annual summer chore of serving as training ground for reserve and National Guard units. Brig. Gen. Eugene L. Harrison is commanding the post, with Col. Fred C. Dyer as his deputy. The hospital and the service club are being reopened. About 300 civilians are working and additional help will be employed when the first troops arrive May 31. About 100 officers and some 300 enlisted men, members of six engi- neer units and five ordnance com- panies, will be in training from May, 31 and June 14. The 395th Ordnance MAM Co. of Neenah will be in the first group, with units from Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Ne- braska and Minnesota. Other units will come and go throughout the summer. The Ar- my has given no indication that it is reconsidering its decision to close Camp McCoy, as a year- around post This action was pro- tested his winter by residents of the area and by some Wisconsin congressmen. Roch ester Man Shoots Wife and Landlord ROCHESTER, Minn, A Rochester woman and her landlord, both shooting victims, were in serious condition in a hospital here today and the woman's husband, Sterling Henry Jenkins, was held without charge while authorities kept tabs on the condition of the wounded pair. Jenkins, 51, was quoted by Sheriff Gerald Cunningham as hav- ing confessed firing seven bullets into his wife and-five more into James Williamson, 59, upon find- ing them in a bedroom. Cunningham said Jenkins walked into the Rochester Police station early Sunday morning, handed offi- cers a .25 calibre automatic pistol and reported he had just fired on his wife and Williamson. Mrs. Jenkins was wounded sever- al times in the abdomen. William- son was struck _ in the spinal column, paralyzing Mm from the waist down. The sheriff said Jen- kins told of stopping to reload during the shooting fray. Cunning- ham said Jenkins signed a con- fession. Formal charges were be- ing upheld, County Attorney Frank G. Newhouse said, pending the possible death of one or both vic- tims. A shoe shop worker, Williamson owns the house in which the Jen- kins liva. All-three are Negrpes. Negotiations In Recess Until June 1 New Approach Believed Offered On Prisoners By GEORGE McARTHUR PANMUNJOM parleys resumed today amid tight secrecy and then recessed until June 1 apparently because top- level decision on the critical pris- oner exchange issue is needed. Presumably the United Nations Command presented a new pro- posal at the outset of today's ses- sion, which ended an eight-day, Al- lied-requested recess. U. N. interpreters could be seen through the windows of the crude conference hut apparently reading a long statement. Washington sources had said a possible new approach would be offered on the last major barrier to an to do about Communist prisoners refus- ing to return to Red rule. No Word on Plan There was no inkling as to whether such a plan had been of- fered Communist delegation probably would asked a long recess to refer tht matter to higher authority. Communist correspondents, after talking to members of their dele- gation, said the Allies bad request- ed a news blackout on the session. A similar blackout was imposed in April, 1952 in an effort to iron, out differences on the prisoner ex- change issue. Lt. Col. Milton Herr, said he did not know if the next meeting also would be secret. He would not say who asked for the secret meet- ings. The Red newsmen indicated dis- approval of the secret sessions when they were first informed by the Red delegation at this morn- ing's meeting. The Red correspon- dents did not return to Panmun- jom from Kaespng for the after- noon secret sessions. The met a total of about two hours, with two recesses. The Republic of Korea delegate on the U. N. armistice team, Maj. Gen. Choi Dok Sun, was not pres- ent at the meeting. There was no explanation of his absence. Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison, senior Allied delegate, did not hold his usual press conference with newsmen after the meeting. He turned aside all questions with "no comment." Now or Ntvtr There was speculation before meeting that the U. N. Command would make a "now or never" ef- fort to break the truce deadlock. The vital issue of what to do with prisoners refusing to return to their Red homelands remained the biggest problem. The Communists want the mat- ter decided by a later political conference if the prisoners are still reluctant. to return after getting Red "explanations" while in cus- tody of a five-nation neutral com- mission. An earlier Allied proposal sug- gested North Koreans be re- leased immediately after an armis- tice and Chinese be turned over to the neutral commission for Red "explanations." Then, if they still refuse, the Chinese would be freed. There was speculation the new U. N. Command proposal may of- fer to agree to a political confer- ence to decide the issue, provided a time limit is set beforehand. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly cloudy, occasional showers and thunderstorms tonight. Tuesday partly cloudy and cooler. Low to- night 58, high Tuesday 74. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 69; minimum, 50; noon, 60; precipitation, .24. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 62; minimum, 52; noon, 62; precipitation, 1.10; sun sets tonight at sun rises to-. morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 65 at a.m. tor day, min. 56 at p.m. Sunday. Noon overcast at 000 feet, visibility 5 miles with light drizzle and fog, humidity 92 per cent, wind 10 miles per hour from east southeast, barometer 1 r-
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