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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 23, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Warmer Tonight; Sunday Cloudy, Showers VOLUME 53, NO. 82 Rochester at Wlnoni Sunday, 8 p. m. Tune in KWNO AM-FM SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, MAY 23, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGES Chicagoan Fatally Hurt at Wabasha WABASHA Minn. Chicago motorist died at a.m. today at St. Elizabeth's Hospital here of injuries suffered at p. m. Friday when the car he was driving struck a muddy shoulder on High- way 61 5V4 miles south of here and rolled over 3Vi times. A passenger was uninjured. The car was demolished. the Chicago firm of Ernst Ernst. His companion was Robert Stille, 27, also an auditor for the firm. Stille told Wabasha County Sher- iff John Jacobs and Deputy Sheriff William Harp that Resch swerved his car into the opposite lane of :raffic to avoid striking an automo- bile which was backing out of the TODAY U. S. Must Be Able to Back Stand }y JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON President Ei- senhower's committee to investi- gate psychological warfare has had its difficulties, including a rather hair-raising early period when De- fense Secretary Charles Wilson wanted to make his friend Arthur Godfrey one of the members. In official Washington, this body is known as the "Triple-Jackson from the chairman, William Jackson, formerly a high official of CIA; the chief White House member, C. D. Jackson, and the commission secretary, the able Washington lawyer, Wayne Jack- son. Not even the three Jacksons have invariably agreed among themselves. Over all, the going seems to have been reasonably rough until the last moment. None the less, the commission's final achievement, as achievement, as authoritatively reported, will be both significant and sanitary. In- deed, the recommendations which are being unanimously presented to the President will mark a major forward step in the thinking of the Eisenhower administration. Dangerous Thinking In politics as in life, it is always dangerous to think you can do something that you cannot do, and this kind of thinking was widely prevalent when the Eisenhower ad- ministration took office. Many of the administration's leading men rather oddly but honestly believed that great cold war victories could be won by simple psychological means, with no risk, of life and small outlay of cash. The Presi- dent himself was three-quarters converted to this comforting view- point. Before very long, one was told, psychological warfare would be causing the thrones in the Krem- lin to totter, the Soviet satellites to cast off their chains, and a new world era to begin. The triple- Jackson committee was named, not so much to find out whether all these inexpensive triumphs really were within our grasp, but rather to find out how best to grasp them. In view of this background, it is particularly creditable to all the members of the triple-Jackson committee that they have now faced the hard facts. In effect, they have agreed to tell the Presi- dent that psychological warfare, in the sense originally conceived, is neither feasible, nor fruitful, nor sensible. "You can't do it with is the simplest summary of their most significant conclu- sion. Peace Speech Cited This does not mean that psycho- logical warfare does not exist. The President was waging one kind of psychological warfare in his great peace speech. The nobility of his expression and sentiment in that speech revived America's declin- ing prestige, and so strengthened America. Hitler used to wage another kind of psychological warfare a kind the Kremlin may soon imitate- when he displayed the power of the Luftwaffe and the Wehrmacht to all comers. The terror Hitler thus inspired unquestionably won some victories for him. The C.I.A., no doubt, wages still an- other kind of psychological war- fare, in its clandestine branch. What the triple-Jackson commit tee discovered, then, was the ser- ies of disappointing truths about the real nature of psychological warfare, and what it could and could not accomplish. First, propaganda that is not sustained by power is absolutely meaningless. No nation win be beguiled by talk about "the Amer- ican way" into forgetting the Red army and air force. Second, satellite peoples cannot be encouraged to "liberate" them- selves without some risk to us. There was a time when Czech- oslovakia's late President Gott wald might have imitated Mar shal Tito. What was wanted was assurance that the United States would protect Czechoslovakia from invasion by the Red army. No such assurance could be given. False encouragement of liberation movements can only lead to tra- gedies like the Polish rising in Warsaw in 1944. Whole Government's Job Third and finally, true psycholo- gical warfare, properly defined, is so bound up with the conduct and demeanor of the whole Amer- ican government, that you cannot establish a separate department of psychological warriors. It is the whole government's job. For all these reasons, this presi- dential commission that was to pull a super-victory-rabbit out of (Continued on Page 3, Column 2) ALSOPS old golf course road. The driver of the backing automobile did not stop and has not been identified, the sheriff revealed. Resch was rushed to the hospital by ambulance and died seven hours later of a fractured skull. Stille, uninjured, spent the night at the hospital while awaiting the arrival of friends from Chicago. The men were traveling from Chicago to St. Paul when the mis- hap occurred. 6-Jet Bomber Wing to Fly To England DALLAS, Texas first operational unit of the Air Force to be equipped with B47s will fly the six-jet bombers to England next month. It will be the first mass cross- ing of the Boeing Stratojets, world's fastest known medium bombers. Gen. Nathan F. Twining, soon to become chief of staff of the Air Force announced late Friday that the 306th Medium Bombardment Wing of the Second Air Force will leave MacDill Field, Fla., early in June for 90 days of training in the United Kingdom. The 306th leads all other wings in B47 flying experience. Twining did not disclose the number of planes involved, nor their prospective base. A medium bomber wing normally includes about 45 airplanes. Two MacDill-based B47s flew non-stop from Limestone, Me., to Fairford, England April 7, in the first such Atlantic crossing, and returned two weeks later. AurioltoAsk French Socialist To Form Cabinet PARIS Wl President Vincent Auriol announced late today he is going to ask Socialist Leader Guy Mollet to try to form a Cabinet replacing that of Premier Rene Mayer, ousted Thursday. Mollet, whose party has balked at the proposed rearmament of Western Germany, served as vice- Premier under Henri Queuille in 1951. Earlier that year he tried himself to form a cabinet during one of France's many crises but failed to get Parliamentary approv- al of the Cabinet he wanted to appoint. He has served as French Min- ister of State for Affairs of the Council of Europe the Parlia- mentary body that aims at fed- erating Western Europe. Mollet, secretary-general of the French Socialist party, was in Northern France today. He was not expected to reply to the Presi- dent's proposaj before Sunday morning. House Committee Urges 16% Slash In River Funds House Appropriations Committee today recommended a 16.9 per cenl slash in funds requested by Presi- dent Eisenhower for rivers and harbors, and flood control projects of the Army Engineers in the fiscal year beginning July 1. The total of reconv mended is a reduction of 500 under the current year's ap- propriations, and is 39.6 per cent below the budget recommenda- tions of last January by President Truman. The funds for general construc- tion on the scores of local water projects throughout the country constituted the major part of ap- propriations recommended to fi- nance the civil functions of the Army for the coming year. For all these functions, including such things as maintenance of na- tional cemeteries and operation of the Panama Canal, the engineers were allowed a total of 600 reduction of under current 1953 funds. last Chance' Plan for Korean Peace Predicted Harrison Ready To Return to Truce Table By ROBERT EUNSON TOKYO Gen. William K. Harrison is ready to return to the Panmunjom truce table with what high U. N. Command sources today called a showdown Korean armistice plan. The sources said the chief Allied negotiator "will issue a "last chance" ultimatum to the Reds whea the talks resume Monday after an eight-day break. Harrison is expected to leave Tokyo soon with a revised U. N. plan to settle the bitter controversy over exchanging prisoners of war. In Washington, some members of Congress who talked with Acting Secretary of State Walter Bedell Smith about the peace parleys said they expected no major change in U. S. policies. Sen. Sparkman at- tended the Washington session, said negotiators were "very near" a the Reds really want one. Sparkman, a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Far East- ern subcommittee, said he felt that if the projected Allied offer is re- jected, the U. N, will break off negotiations immediately. Harrison has been in Tokyo a week, holding almost daily confer- ences with Gen. Mark W. Clark and Ambassador Robert Murphy, political adviser to the Far Eastj commander. We do not intend to let these talks merely drag a high source at Clark's headquarters said. Hand-to-Hand Fighting Flares SEOUL hand-to-hand fighting flared along the rain- soaked Korean battlefront today, while scores of Allied warplanes swarmed over Communist 'terri- tory as skies began to clear. Tough South Korean infantry- men charged four times against dug-in Chinese Reds who late Fri- day seized one end of Outpost Vic- tory, a 300-yard-long hill on the Eastern Front. ROKs Storm The ROKs stormed into Red trenches with fixed bayonets, knives and clubs, but each time the 150 to 200 Chinese threw the Roks back, the Eighth Army said. Bitter fighting raged on the elon- gated outpost near Christmas Hill two days ago, but that time the third South Korean counterattack drove the Reds back. Hand-to-hand fighting also erupt- ed at a U. N. outpost northwest of Kumhwa and another outpost southwest of Outpost Texas, both on the Central Front. Red attackers were driven back at both outposts by South Korean defenders in bloody 90-minute bat- tles, the Ar.my said. Infantrymen of the Eighth ROK Division also beat back 300 to 350 Chinese who attacked an outpost on Capitol Hill and another 150 to 200 Reds who hit a U. N. position in the same Western Front sector. In the air, Allied fighter-bomb- ers bit Communist troops in the Christmas Hill area and elsewhere along the front. American Sabre jets scoured MIG Alley and damaged one Red jet in the first dogfight reported in several days. esire Senate Anderson Says Beverly Kay Bradley, two and one-half years old, of Mil- waukee, Wis., rests in St. Joseph's Hospital at Menomi- nee, Mich., after she was found on an abandoned logging road in swampy brushland near Menominee. She was missing from the summer cab- in of her grandmother, Mrs. Edward Van Kleek, for 49 hours. The girl was spotted by a Coast Guard helicopter and was picked up and flown to the hospital. The girl is in good condition. (AP Wire- photo) Girl Found After 2 Days in Marsh Sleeps Fitfully MENOMINEE, Mich, ffl little blond girl slept fitfully in the clean hospital bed, Friday night, crying at times and then drifting back into slumber. Beverly Kay Bradley's ordeal was over but not forgotten. The 2V4-year-old Milwaukee girl, who was lost for 49 terrifying hours in the swampy brushland of Upper Michigan, was bewildered, too, by the sudden transformation to the gleaming whiteness of the hospital and reunion with her par- ents and grandparents. A long search that had enlisted virtually every available man in Menominee County ended at Friday afternoon when Beverly was spotted from a Coast Guard helicopter. The girl was lying on an abandoned logging road about 1% miles from the cottage, 17 miles northeast of here, from which she had vanished Wednes- day. Tired, dirty and mosquito-bitten, but still clutching the doll she car- iried when she disappeared, Bev- erly was taken in the aircraft to St. Joseph's Hospital here. Dr. John T. Kaye, who ministered to her, said she was in surprisingly (Continued on Page 9, Column 8) GIRL FOUND Revised Military Budget Slated For House OK Slash in Funds For Air Force Slated to Stick By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON House Ap- propriations Committee member today predicted tentative approval without change of the trimmed- down military budget, despite out- cries against slashes in Air Force funds. The prediction, from Hep. Ford came on the heels of demands that Secretary of Defense Wilson resign and that generals who have led the Air Force appear for committee questioning. Ford said he was sure there there would be no change and cer- tainly no increases when a sub- committee now considering the Air Force budget sends it on to a higher subcommittee studying the whole military bud- get. A check of the thyse members of the smaller subcommittee showed them evenly divided on whether, as maintained in an Air Force report, proposed cutbacks would reduce air power below the "absolute minimum" for national security. Chairman Scriner (R-Kan) gen- erally supported the proposed re- ductions, Rep. Mahon (D-Tex) said he "deplored" them and Eep. Hruska (R-Neb) said he had not yet reached a decision although he "trusted President Eisenhower's military judgment." This group, however, is only the first rung on the ladder. Action would follow in the military sub- committee, the full appropriations committee and the House itself. Senate action is comparable. A member of the Senate Appro- priations Committee, Sen. May- bank (D-SC) asked that Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg, retiring Air Force chief, and Gen. Carl Spaatz, re- tired former head, be called for testimony. Maybank is among a number of congressmen who are publicly questioning plans to cut more than five billion dollars from Air Force funds and lower the Air Force goal from 143 wings by mid-1955 to 120 wings. Rep. Yorty a World WAR II Air Force intelligence offi- cer, said Wilson should quit as Defense chief, adding in a state- ment: "The dollars he worships will not shoot down attacking Rep. Steed an air pow- er enthusiast, said millio'ns of dol- lars had been wasted on the Army's atomic cannon. He said the money could much better be spent on additional aircraft to deliver atom- ic bombs. The "Mighty modern version of the World War II jeep, splashed through the Potomac River at the "Quantico, Va., Marine base on water tests. Kept afloat by four inflated tubes, the "Mite" is propelled by the oversize serration on the tire treads. It was developed by the Marines for delivery by airlift to terrain not accessible to combat vehicles. (U. S. Marine photo via AP Wire- photo) Ex-GI Arrested at Work Rushed Back to Korea To Face Charge in Slaying TOKYO young Pittsburgh steelworker honorably discharged from the Air Force almost six months ago has been flown back to Korea under guard to face charges of slaying Kil Bong Soon, L civilian, headquarters said Robert W. Toth, 21, landed in he was arrested at work by mili- tary police. Associated Press Correspondent George McArthur reported from Korea that Toth is being held at Taegu Air Force Base, about half- way between Seoul and Pusan. The Air Force would not divulge details of the charge against Toth, but a spokesman said it would be at least a month before the inves- tigation is completed and the trial begins. Toth is the first former member 4 t 1 1 ftf I I VI I Prison Escapees MARQUETTE, Mich. One of seven desperadoes who fled Michi- j gan's maximum-security prison here was back behind bars today, less than 24 hours after he broke out. What is more, he was captured by a civilian who merely thrust his hands into his pockets as if he had a gun. He didn't. Back was Lloyd Burgdurf, 61, a life-termer. Jack Messenger, 48, a school bus driver, spotted him near The Four-Year-Old Frysirtfler Triplets of eye deviations were a success. The triplets, shown Rockford, 0., were told Friday by their doctor mother, Mrs. Leland Frysinger, are, left Merrill Jean, Carol Ann and Sheryl SueJfAP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) that they would have to keep their identical eye bandages on for a while more before he can say definitely that the May U operations to correct left Marquette's night. city dump Friday of attacking trooper. Both killers warned armed. Messenger stopped his car. His springer spaniel dog jumped out barking. Messenger thrust his hands in his pockets as if reaching for a gun. Burgdurf came forward, hands raised. Authorities, however, didn't anti- cipate the other six would cow as quickly or easily. Among them was Lloyd Russell, 31 serving 9% to 10 years for as- sault less than the crime of mur- der. One of two brothers who escaped from the Ohio Prison Farm at London, Russell was convicted a Michigan state ___ _____ and robbers also were included among those fleeing, and Warden Emery Jacques "all are dangerous and The warden gave this version of the escape, one of the few from this The seven, assigned to work as plumbers on radiators in Cellblock C, overpow'ered at knife point two guards, Sgt. Joe Butala and John Osterburg, and locked them in cells. Then they forced several in- mates they thought might interfere into cells and locked them. An acetelyn torch cut bars lead- ing to the front lawn of the picur- esque penitentiary, from which the seven scampered as fast as their feet would carry them. Land Redistribution HONG KONG WV- A high Chinese Communist official in a summary on the Red land redistribution pro- gram reports that 300 million peasants have acquired approxi mately acres of land. This conies to a little more than one-third of an acre per person. of the armed forces to be returned to military custody for court mar- tial under the Uniform Code o' Military Justice. Under the code an ex-service- man charged with committing an offense punishable by a prison term of five or more years for which he cannot be tried in civilian courts is subject to arrest for trial by court martial. Toth has been charged wth pre- meditated murder and conspiracy to commit premeditated murder, an Air Force official said. The official announcement ir Washington word of Toth's "The alleged crime was com' mitted last September when Toth was on duty with his unit and in- volved the shooting, without appar- ent provocation, of a South Korean citizen." It said he was discharged "prior to discovery of evidence relating to the alleged offenses." Mrs. Jacob Mertz, Toth's mother, said in Pittsburgh that her son was in Korea for 18 months prior to his discharge last December and "got a bronze star and an honor- able discharge." She said Toth was arrested al the plant where he worked and did not get in touch with her for sev- eral hours. One of his friends tele- phoned to say Robert had been arrested by military police and taken back to Korea, Mrs. Mertz said. "We were frantic and called all the military places we could think called the no- body knew anything about she said. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vivinity Partly cloudy, somewhat wanner tonight. Sunday mostly cloudy with local showers or thunderstorms. Low to- night 50, high Sunday 68. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 61; minimum, noon, 61; precipitation, .19; sets tonight at sun rises! to 48; sun morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Cuntml ,____ Max. temp. 60 at noon, min. 55 Many critics of lie Communist at a. m.; Noon readings: land reform say it will ultimately Clouds scattered at feet and fail because in too many areas it. overcast at feet, visibility merely breaks up small but sound 12 miles, wind calm, barometer farms into tiny., uneconomic units. 30.09 falling, humidity 82 per cent Likely to Seek Re-election as Governor in '54 Has Been Urged To Wage Campaign Against Humphrey By JACK B. MACKAY ST. PAUL ffl Gov. C. Elmer Anderson has no desire to run 'or the United States Senate "at he present time." He didn't mention the senatorial spot in a -speech today before Republican party officers and dis- trict GOP chair- men, but he did say: There is a challenge and an obligation under the dome of the state capitol. It is' vender that dome that my in- terests lie. No other capitol1 dome has any ap- Gov- Anderson peal to me at the present time. 'With humility, I appreciate the efforts of those who have been trying to convince me otherwise." Gov. Anderson has been ur- ged to make the race in 1954 against U. S. Sen. Hubert Humphrey, Democratic-Farm- er-Laborite. Mentioned also as a possible candidate against Humphrey is Congressman Judd, Republican, Minneapolis. "With all the newspaper and radio talk about Minnesota poli- tics in recent Governor Anderson told the Republican group, "dne would think we were in the midst of a campaign. It is rather unusual to be so excited about political offices just six months after we have had a general election." The governor warned that "it is so easy to slip into a pattern of complacency over the results of victory and to concentrate on wish- ful thinking and hopeful planning for crossing far removed horizons, meanwhile forgetting to solidify our present position." To meet the challenge of 1954 successfully, the governor recom- mended that the Republicans go about their work quietly, build a record of good government, and develop a strong, solid, united front. The governor's speech ,was terpreted by some political dope- sters as not ruling himself out for the race against Humphrey, but it was the concensus of those close to the governor that he will seek re-election as governor. Lake City Bus Hits Tractor; Two Injured LAKE CITY, Minn. (Special) Two farmer brothers were injured and one of them was hospitalized when the Rochester-Lake City bus smashed into a tractor on High- way 63, six miles' southwest of here Friday about 8 p. m. Roger Moyer, 25, was only semi- conscious early today at the Lake City Hospital, but hospital attend- ands did not believe he was seri- ously injured. First examinations revealed no broken bones. It was believed that be had suffered concussion. His brother, Herbert, 23, was treated and released. The two brothers were driving a tractor on Highway 63 toward Lake City when they were over- taken by the Lake bus. After the crash the tractor over- turned 'on the highway, but the brothers were thrown clear. Lake City police brought the in- jured men to the hospital. Later the Minnesota Highway Patrol in- vestigated. The driver of the bus, George Hunt, Rochester, was not injured', but the bus was badly damaged. It was believed there was only one passenger and he was not in- jured. 'Meanest Thief OKLAHOMA CITY Another candidate for the "meanest thief' title is the burglar who broke into a general store recently and stole about worth of groceries and merchandise. The thief also took in change frqm a jar con- taining for flowers for funeral
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