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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 21, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Colder Tonight, Friday Fair, Little Warmer Take Your Republican-Herald On Your Vacation VOLUME 53, NO. 80 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, MAY 21, 1953 TWENTY-FOUR PAGES Ike to Meet With Churchill. Mayer Allies Working On Revised Plan For War Truce May Be Presented To Reds on Basis Of 'Now or Never' By OLEN CLEMENTS TOKYO headquarters today worked on a revised Korean truce plan to be presented to the Reds next week at Panmunjom, possibly, on a "now or never" basis. Authoritative sources who in- sisted on anonymity said the plan contained some phases of the India plan approved by the United Na- tions Assembly last December. The Assembly agreed that a political conference should settle the fate of North Korean and Chinese prisoners who refused to return to their homelands. New Ideas Gained These sources said new ideas have been gained by the U. N. Command in long-range consulta- tions with allies on the deadlocked prisoner exchange issue, main stumbling block to a Korean truce. They took an optimistic view of the talks, which resume Monday, without revealing what the U. N. proposal will be. They hinted a time limit on the talks may be enforced with the Communists being told to act "now or never." This was emphasized by the statement'a few days ago of a high source at U. N. Com- mand headquarters: "We are not going to let these things drag out. We are going to keep hitting at the stumbling blocks trying to iron them out." The Red Peiping radio today quoted British Communist reporter Alan Winnington as saying: Amidst Speculations "Amidst all speculations about what the Americans may or may not do next Monday, it is well to state clearly what they ca'nnot do. As far as the Korean and Chinese side is concerned, all propositions to hand the prisoners over to their enemies is utterly unacceptable. Any difference of treatment be- tween Korean and Chinese prison- ers is utterly unacceptable. Any restrictions aimed at tying in ad- vance the hands of the neutral powers (a five-nation neutral repa- triation commission) so as to pre- vent proper explanations to the prisoners, whom the Americans have terrorized, is utterly unac- ceptable." Winnington's statements often reflect thinking of the Red truce delegation. Ex-State Lawmaker Faces Game Law Violation Charge INTERNATIONAL FALLS, Minn 0. Wegner, Minneapolis, is' expected to take the witness stand today in his own defense against a federal game law viola- tion charge. Wegner is being tried before Judge Gunnar H. Nordbye for al- legedly shooting ducks from a motor boat on Artichoke Lake in Big Stone County in October, 1951. Wegner, former Minnesota Representative, had served on the Game and Fish Committee in the House. Raymond Robertson, one of seven witnesses for the govern- ment Wednesday, testified he saw Wegner zigzag across the lake scaring up ducks on Oct. 21, 1951. He said he saw the former law- maker shoot "about 25 shells" al birds, later picking up the dead ones. Robertson owner of some lake- shore land at-the site, said that when he reached shore Wegner told him he "could chase cripples wherever I want to." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy and colder tonight. Friday generally fair and a little warmer in afternoon. Low tonight 40, high Friday 62. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum 83; minimum 49; noon, 53; precipitation, 1.42; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max temp. 80 at p.m. Wed- nesday, min. 45 at a.m: today. Noon overcast at 500 feet, visibility 15 18 miles from west with gusts up to 30 miles per hour, barometer 29.63 rising, humidity 68 per cent. Secretary Of State John Foster Dulles, left, and his host, In- dia's Prime Minister Nehru, got off to a jovial start in their first talk on Asian and world affairs at New Delhi Tuesday. Dulles and Harold E. Stassen, foreign aid director, are visiting India on .their fact-finding tour of Middle-East and South Asian countries. (AP Wirephoto to The Republica'n-Herald) Senate Split Over Cut. in Air Goal By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON Eisenhower administration's explanation of its decision to cut the Air Force goal from 143 to 120 .wings and slash its funds five billion dollars left a sharp division in Senate ranks today. Sen Ferguson chairman of an appropriations subcom- considering the new defense budget, said he, believes Secretary Families Fleeing Floods In Louisiana By JAMES V. MCLEAN LAKE CHARLES, La. wildly spreading Calcasieu River swirled toward this Southwest Louisiana port city today with the biggest flood threat in 40 years and drove families from their homes. High water elsewhere in Louis- iana caused two drownings, one at Kinder, 30 miles upstream from Lake Charles, and another at Crow- ley, 50 miles east of here. Volunteers with bulldozers and trucks sweltered in warm coastal temperatures during the night to push up small dirt dikes to halt slowly rising waters in residential areas in the eastern part of this city. Firetrucks pumped at the river inva'sion which threatened to sever U. S. Highway 90, linking the near- by Lake Charles Air Force Base with this city of Weatherman Paul Cook said the Calcasieu River, normally a tame little stream, would reach five feet over flood stage today; beyond that he would not predict. Flood stage is four feet. At Old Town Bay, a river gauge spot four miles north of Lake Charles, high waters surged to 14.85 feet, more than 10 feet above flood stage. The sheriff's office said families were driven from their homes in thu Eastdale subdivision here. The Air Force said another 250 families "were evacuated from trailer camps and that 50 soldier- family trailers were moved to the air base. A young hitchhiker identified as Louis Paul Urwaleck of New York City was drowned while trying to wade across a flooded highway near Kinder yesterday. Joe Huntsberry, 14, disappeared in a flooded gulley at Crowley. Car Fan Kills Cat NEW ULM, Minn. Hen- ry Rheaume noticed her car was heating when she drove home from church. She stopped to have it checked and found that a neigh- bor's cat had crawled up into the motor and had been killed by the fan. The fan belt had jumped the pulleys. of Defense Wilson good case for the new program." "After all, the 143-wing goal of the Truman administration was just a paper target that could not be Ferguson said, "Secretary Wilson assures us he has more money now than will be spent in the next fiscal year." Sen. Hill also a member of the committee, disagreed sharp- ly in a separate interview. He said: Not Convinced "Mr. Wilson certainly has not convinced me, nor apparently most other members of the committee. He will have to justify the five billion dollar cut in the Air Forces before I'll ever vote for Wilson has spent a good portion of the last two days before the Senate group, under questioning about the administration action1 in cutting the Air Force goal lor mid- 1955 from 143. wings to 120, each containing from 30 to 75 planes. The revised Pentagon budget also calls for about five billioa dollars less in new funds for the Air Force in the fiscal year start- ing July 1. President Eisenhower, in his radio address Tuesday night, said 60 cents of every defense dol- lar will still be going into Navy and Air Force air power. Wilson told the senators yester- day that ie 143-wing goal of the Truman administration had been slipping further from realization for more than three years and he added: Means 120 Wings "When we say 120 wings we mean 120." Ferguson said discussion about "a certain number of wings or so many unspent billions is only corn- fusing." "Under the revised 120 wing interim goal of the Eisenhower ad- ministration this nation should have a lot more modern combat planes and much more striking power thaa the unreached' 143- wing paper he said, Wilson and Deputy Secretary Roger M. Kyes stressed that even with the reduced appropriations re- quest the Air Force will have 40 billion dollars to spend after July 1, counting unspent funds voted by previous Congresses. They said only about 15 billion dollars would be spent in the next fiscal year. Even if Congress restored the five billions cut from the old Tru- man budget, Wilson "we could not spend any part of it in '54 to strengthen the nation's air position." Halleck Expects Early Approval Of Ike Tax Plan Move to Amend Plan Gains Some Following By CHARLES F. BARRETT WASHINGTON UP) Republican Leader Halleck of Indiana said to- day he was "very optimistic" about chances for early approval of President Eisenhower's request to extend the excess profits tax on business. But Republican opponents of the measure disclosed a series of strat- egy moves aimed at defeating the proposal or at least amending it. These were developments after a full day of "backstage maneuver- ing yesterday on an issue that has developed into one of the sternest tests so far of Eisenhower's lead- ership with Congress. At a conference with Halleck and House Speaker Joseph Martin (R- Republican members of the House Ways and Means Commit- tee agreed1 to hold hearings June 1-10 on Eisenhower's request. Outlined to Congress This request, sent formally _ to Congress yesterday after being outlined in the President's radio talk Tuesday night, exhorts Con- gress to cut no taxes this year. Eisenhower said he wants lower taxes as much as anybody but he said that would be inflationary. He raked the Truman adminis-1 tration for leaving what he called' "a critically unsound state of fi- nancial proposing this six-point tax program: Extend the excess profits tax six months past its June 30 expiration date; don't cut corporation income taxes 5 per cent, as scheduled on April 1; postpone the one-half per cent in- crease scheduled Jan. 1 in social security taxes; don't cut excise taxes on April 1, as scheduled; don't cut income taxes for indi- viduals until Jan. 1, then allow a 10 per cent cut already scheduled; go easy on all tax matters until Secretary of the Treasury Hum- phrey details the administration's program "by the end of the year." AFL President George Meany yesterday distributed a statement' saying the big union's Executive Council opposes Eisenhower's call Eor postponement of the social se- curity tax boost. The statement praised, however, the President's proposal to forego any tax cuts this year. Hearings Set The House Ways and Means Committee's decision to hold hear- ings on Eisenhower's request was a victory'for the administration. Chairman Daniel A. Reed (R-NY) has been adamant in insisting on tax cuts, and some Republicans bad doubt that Eisenhower's plan would ever be brought before the committee. Further, the administration made inroads on what previously had been a solid lineup of all 15 committee Republicans' against any extension of the excess profits tax, now bringing an estimated 2 to 2Vi billion dollars a year. Several who attended the con- ference said it was clear some Republican committee members have switched over and will sup- port the President. Estimates on just how many switched ranged from three to six and more. Republican leaders ob- viously counted on heavy support from the 10 Democrats on the committee-to help put the proposal French Ca oinet Wont Prevent Conference PARIS French Na- tional Assembly denied Pre- mier Rene Mayer a vote of confidence today and his cabi- 18th since collapsed. Mayer, who had been in of- fice since Jan. had announc.- ed to the Assembly only a short time before that he was to go to Bermuda in the mid- dle of next" month for a Big Three conference with Presi- dent Eisenhower and Prime Minister Churchill. The pur- pose of the session, he said, would be to check up on the feasibility of a Big Four con- ference later with Russia. Presumably, his successor will attend. The unfavorable by tht Assembly was on Mayer'i quest for power to cut govern- mental expenses by cabinet de- cree, without assembly approv- al in each case. He Iiad hoped by this means to cut the counr try's mountainous budget def- icit. British Shipper Denies Transporting Red Troops HONG KONG official of a British steamship company to- day denied accusations by a U. S. Senate investigations subcommit- tee that the firm had transported Communist troops; F. H. Horman-Fisher, Hong Kong manager of the Wheelock Marden Company, said neither his com- pany nor any other British shipping concern he" knows, of has carried Communist troops. Horman-Fisher's statement was issued in-reply to testimony before a subcommittee headed by Sen. McCarthy that two Brit- ish-owned ships were used to trans- port Red troops along the Chinese coast. The committee was told these vessels later were hired to carry Mutual Security.Administra tion goods. Horman-Fisher ,said the Commu- nists seized three Wheelock Hard- en ships and are using them in China trade. "They were confiscated when we tried to withdraw 'them from China in August, he said. "We have no control over them. They are 'the steamshiips Norina, Ro- mantico and Miramar. 2nd Polish Pilot Closely Guarded COPENHAGEN, Denmark The second Polish jet pilot to bring his Russian-built -MIG-15 fighter down on the Danish Baltic island of Bornholm was brought to Copen- hagen today under cloak-and-dag- ger security precautions. The government moved with ex- treme caution in handling the pilot, Lt. Zdzislaw Jazwettski. The 22-year-old pilot crash-land- ed on a military drilling field Wednesday. "You couldn't see it being done better in a Hollywood 'B' angrily commented the pro-govern- ment newspaper B; T, "The police seem to feel that it is vital no- body sees ,a picture of the pilot until he starts a lecture tour in the United States." Radio Informs Pilot Of Fatherhood Status SEOUL 'Wl An Oklahoma pilot flying a B-26 bomber over North .Korea learned by radio today that he was the father of a son. The message traveled half way around the world and finally was broadcast from a front line radio transmitter to LL James E. Hall, Barflesville. Okla. Jury Convicts Teen-Ager in Poison Trial LOS ANGELES honor science student has been convicted on a charge of putting poison in beverages destined for the husband of the girl he loved. But the jury held he didn't try to commit mur- der. Richard La Force faces a prison term of from 1 to 10 years. Or he could get probation. A bearing for sentence or probation is set for June 10. The panel of eight women and four men convicted him yesterday of mingling poison with beverages with intent to harm Robert Hay- den, husband of Joyce Hayden, the student's former sweetheart. All the principals are 19. La Force was acquitted on two counts of attempted murder and another of mingling poison with aeverages intended for Joyce. ,000 Students Take Selective Service Tests WASHINGTON UP) Selective Service said college students applied to take its college qualifi- cation test being given over the nation today. That number is near- ly double the who had been expected to take the test. An official said that stu- dents in all will be admitted to a series of 11 tests. Local draft boards may consider granting educational deferments from military service to students who make a passing grade of 70 on the tests' or maintain specified class standings. Proposals are now being considered to require sopho- mores to have a passing grade of 72, beginning this fall, and also to allow youths graduating from high school to 'take the tests. Water Skier Spends Rough Day on River ST. LOUIS iff) Frank Beddor Jr., who is en route down the Mississippi River on water skis, slid ashore here Wednesday night after a rough day on the river. High winds and waves gave Beddor trouble on the 128 river miles from Hannibal to St. Louis and cut the speed of the skier, usually about 28 miles an hour, nearly in half. Beddor, who left Minneapolis Saturday, said he- will attempt to break the 196-mile noa-stop water ski distance record after leaving here today. Indiana, Michigan Warned of Tornadoes CHICAGO Ufl The Weather Bureau warned today of possi- ble tornadoes in Indiana and Michigan. In a special forecast, the bu- reau said locally severe thund- erstorms are expected today in most of Northern and'Central Indiana and Lower Michigan. "There is a possibility of one or two tornadoes in these the bureau said. ROK Infantry Crushes 150 Chinese Reds By FORRESt ..EDWARDS SEOUL UP) Counterattacking South Korean infantrymen today threw 150 to 200 Chinese Reds off an Eastern Front ridge after 12 hours of close-quarter seesaw fight- ing. The Chinese swarmed up the slopes and seized the western end of the 300-year-long ridge shortly before midnight. Eastern End Stubborn ROK soldiers clung to the eastern end. The Reds threw back two South Korean counter- attacks. But ROK reinforcements were thrown into the battle before dawn and after six hours, of fierce fighting the Reds caUed it the Eighth Army said. For hours after the Chinese pulled off the ridge sporadic rifle and machine-gun fire continued, but the Reds did not attack again. Elsewhere along the 155-mile battlefront the Reds probed Allied lines and patrol skirmishes flared between the lines. Senator Apologizes For Polite Remark WASHINGTON UP) Sen. Gore (D-Tenn) apologized in the Senate yesterday for calling Sen, Bush (R- Co'nn) a gentleman. Bush accepted, with a forgiving smile. The two had been debating in- terest rates on government bonds. Gore suddenly realized he had re- peatedly spoken of Bush as "the gentleman from Connecticut." That's the way House members .address each other. In the Senate, decorum calls for members to ad- dress each other "the distin- guished senator." Apologizing, Gore noted this is his first Senate term after a long- term career in the House, and that he had lapsed inadvertently. He assured the Senate that while he does consider Bush a gentleman, he also regards him as a distin- guished senator. That jnade it all right. Russia Has 900 Bombers Able To Reach U.S. By ELTON WASHINGTON Russia now has between 900 and planes in operating units of its long-range bombing force, according to a new estimate of Soviet war power. These are described as TU4 four- engined bombers, an improved version of the U. S. Air Force's B29. They represent only those air- craft in organized, ready-to-oper- ate squadrons. The figure does not include bombers in production or in reserve. The TU4s are considered capable of reaching virtually any large in- dustrial city in the U. S. with atomic bombs. The calculations of Soviet war making capabilities place the number of Red interceptor planes in operationally ready units at sev- eral thousand. Actually, these fig- ures are fairly definite, but the exact numbers used in official es- timates niay not be disclosed. In the past, there have been un- official estimates that the total number of aircraft in the Red Air all types, and ages- is about Secretary of Defense Wilson told a news conference last week the U. S. Air Force now has in excess of planes, the Navy and Ma- rine Corps about 37 Girls, 16 Bop Line Up for U.S. Annual Spell Bee By ED CREAGH WASHINGTON UP) Thirty- seven girls and 16 boys 53 kids with butterflies in their line up today for the 26th annual National Spelling Bee. By nightfall one of them will have triumphed over the other 52, and over the maddening peculiari- ties of English words, to emerge as national champion. Today's contestants, most of whom have been sightseeing around the capital since Monday, were winnowed from local, state and sectional contests involving some five million youngsters, al- most all seventh and eighth grade pupils. Last year the youthful spellers agreed with the dictionary on 505 words before Doris Ann Hall em- erged the winner. Doris, from Hud- son, N. C., is on hand to crown this year's winner. Odds are the winner will be a of the past champs have been, while only nine boys made the grade. Two Rescue Workers brought a woman out of Lake Charles, La., today whose home was flood- ed by the rising waters of the Calcasieu River. r More rainstorms were forecast for the Louisiana flood area today. (AP Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald) Bermuda Likely Site of Undated Allied Conclave Aim to Advance Cause of Peace Throughout World WASHINGTON (ffl President Eisenhower, Prime Minister- Churchill and Premier'Mayer will meet soon to thresh out Allied problems and discuss a possible high-level meeting with the Rus- sians on East-West tensions. An agreement for the Big Three to confer was an- nounced simultaneously to d a y here, in London, and in Paris. The place and date have not yet been fixed but Churchill has sug- gested Bermuda. This appears agreeable to Eisenhower and Mayer. The probable time is soon after the middle of June. In a statement, President Eisen- hower described the "primary pur- pose" of the U. S.-British-French meeting as "further to develop common viewpoints with these friends on the many problems that must be solved cooperatively so that the cause of world peace may be In London, Churchill told Parlia- ment: "My main hope is that we may take a definite step forward to a meeting of far graver im- Russian Prime ter Georgi M. Malenkov. Government Quarters There was a disposition in gov- ernment quarters here to stresg that the Western powers have many problems among themselves to warrant the meeting and to minimize talk in public about possible Big Four session.. But Premier Mayer told the French National Assembly in Paris the approaching meeting would discuss the feasibility of a Big Four conferences-meaning a meet- ing with the Russians. Mayer said also that France was ready to give unreserved consider- ation to any proposals the Soviet Union may make on the question of world disarmament. Churchill long has been inclined to the view that a high-level meet- ing with the Russians might be productive of some betterment in the world situation. White House Press Secretary James Hagerty was asked direct- ly at a news conference whether the Big Three session might de- velop later into a Big Four meet- ing with Russia. Hagerty declined comment. Told that Churchill had express- ed hope that the Big Three meeting would lead to a conference at which Russia would be included, Hagerty simply read Eisenhower's statement and said he was not going to elaborate on it. This statement said: "The governments of the United States, Great. Britain and France have been in consultation with the view of holding an informal high- level meeting. "We have agreed that such meeting is desirable at a-date con- venient to all of us. Primary Purpow "A primary purpose will be further to develop common view- points with these friends on the many problems that must be solv- ed cooperatively so that the cause of world peace may be advanced." In response to another question Hagerty left no doubt that Eisen- hower took the initiative in ar- ranging for the Big Three meeting. Asked whether the President started the ball rolling, Hagerty called reporters' attention to a statement issued by Churchill. It said in part: "President Eisenhower has ex- pressed a wish for a personal meeting with the French Prime Minister and myself to discuss our common problems.'! There were indications that Ei- senhower had gone over the mat- ter Wednesday with the National Security Council. It may also have been the- subject of a 90-minute meeting he had Wednesday night win psychological warfare aides. In Congress, initial general re- action was to approve the idea of trying to improve understandings among the Western Powers. Some expressed hope the meeting might lead to a session with the Russians. Saying no definite date for conference has been fixed, Hagerty called attention to the fact Churchill must be in London June 2 for the coronation of Queen Elizabeth. He also noted that Eisenhower will leave Washington June 10 for a series of speeches in North Dakota, South Dakota, Hampshire and New York. The President is scheduled tS return to Washington from this trip on June 14, and Hagerty said the Big Three conference probably would held soon after that date. I
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