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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 20, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Local Showers Tonight and Thursday Albert Lea at Winona Tonight, 8 O'clock Tune in KWNO AM-FM VOLUME 53, NO. 79 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY 20, 1953 TWENTY-TWO PAGES British Engaged In Trade With Red China, Claim 2 English Craft Transported Troops, Testifier States Patrice Munsel, Metropolitan Opera star, has her lullaby drowned out by her infant daughter, Heidi Ann, at the baby's first appearance before a camera in New York since her birth on May 5. Heidi Ann is the first child for Miss Munsel and her husband, Robert Sehuler, a television director and former Wi- nonan. (AP Wirephoto) 2nd Polish Pilot Flees To Denmark in MIG ROENNE, BornhoJm, Denmark Polish pilot crashed WASHINGTON W Testimony was presented to the Senate In- vestigations Subcommittee today that 100 British flag ships have engaged in trade with Red China in the first three and one half months of this year. Robert Kennedy, assistant coun- sel of the subcommittee who gave the testimony, also said two Brit- ish-owned companies in Hong Kong transported Com munist troops along the coast of China last I year. He said a ship owned by one of these firms, the Wheelock Marden Co., also had been hired by the U. S. Mutual Security Agency (MSA) to haul foreign aid goods. The ship that Kennedy said han- dled MSA goods in February, 1952 was identified as the Charles Dick- ens. He said the information of the subcommittee staff was that the transportation of Communist troops by another ship of the Wheel- ock-Marden Co. occurred at a later date, Kennedy's t e s t i mony brought angry outbursts from Sens. Me-1 iCarthy (R-Wis) and McClellan said he wondered if the British shipping "doesn't equal the contribution the British are making as allies" in the United Nations fight against the Commu- nists in Korea. "Whose war is demanded McClellan. "Is it a U. S. war or a U. N. McCarthy, the subcommittee Congress Faces Battle e's Tax Program 60% of Defense Spending to Go For Air Power President Warns Russia Has Not Changed Plans WASHINGTON Wi Eisenhower said Tuesday night his administration, far from skimping on the Air Force, plans to put 60 cents of every defense dollar into offensive and defensive air power for the Navy and Air Force. And he set the stage for bitter McClellan legislative battles by asking Con- gress to retain the excess profits tax and to postpone cuts in other levies. Calling upon the nation to forgo immediate reductions, asked for continued high revenues to keep "our nation secure and our dollar sound of danger." Main Points of Ike's Tax Prog WASHINGTON is the tax program which President Eisenhower outlined in his nation- wide radio address last night: 1. No action by Congress to advance the personal income tax cut of 10 per cent due to take effect Jan. 1. Some veteran House members want to advance the date to July 1. 2. Retention of the excess profits tax on business, expiring July 1, for another six months. 3. Indefinite postponement of a drop of five percentage points in the tax on corporation in- comes, now dr.e to take effect next April 1. 4. Indefinite postponement of reductions in ram excise sales, taxes also due to take effect auto- matically next April 1. Among others, these include taxes on autos (due to drop from 10 to 7 per gasoline (from 2 to 1% cents a gal- cigarets (from 8 to 7 cents a beer (from to a barrel) and whisky (from to a proof 5. Indefinite postponement of a hike from IVi to 2 per cent of the social security payroll tax paid by both employes and employers on the first of a worker's annual income. Under present law, the increase is due to take effect Jan. 1. chairman, said trading by British vessels with Red China "more than in an age through the Iron today to land a Soviet-built er on this Danish island 100 miles southwest of Copenhagen. Roenne police, who immediately took the young pilot into custody, said he had asked for political asylum. The plane was surrounded immediately by military guards with strict orders to keep report- ers and press photographers away. An unconfirmed report said the jet fight- j gjve" us in Korea aid TODAY fke Wants To Be Good President By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON -Probably the most interesting feature of the President's radio talk on the budg- ___ et is its status as a new depart- aWS over Polish terri- McCarthy also exclaimed that it was "unheard of, unbelievable" that a nation whose boys were being killed in Korea would let its ships be used to carry enemy troops. The senator stormily wound up a recent public hearing on the trade with Communist plane was of a newer type than issue, rejecting testimony by a the one landed on this Baltic island State Department official that the in March by Lt. Franciszek Ja-1 government does riot seek to choke recki, the first Polish Air Force off all "-----------1 escapee to Bofnholm. areas. Thorough Examination Jarecki's plane was later re- turned to Poland after a thorough! examination by Western air ex- perts. Jarecki was granted asylum and since has gone to the United States. An official announcement said the pilot today told police he broke away from a formation of MIG tire. Other appeals to the people and appearances before the people will follow shortly. After a further appearance on television this week, there will be a swing westward, to Minnesota, North Dakota and elsewhere; and then will come an eastern trip, beginning with the Dartmouth commencement. Those who are qualified to report on the development of Eisenhow- er's thinking, emphatically say that a larger purpose lies behind all these orations and excursions. Eisenhower wants to be a strong President. He is coming to realize that the source of presidential strength is the whole people of the United States, He now see that he must mobilize his popula support, in order to exercise fu authority in Congress and in hi party. Subtle Change This represents a change that i subtle, yet radical. There is noth ing new in Eisenhower's desir not to be remembered as on of the large, unhappy company o weak American Presidents. But hi ideas about how to be a stron President are plainly evolving. When he took office, his concep of the presidency was much less political. Confucius all bu summed up the Eisenhower con cept, in a famous but slightly opti mistic remark, "Let the ruler de sire good, and the people will be good." The numerous inquests on Eisenhower's first hundred days sounded a bit like variations on ancient Confucianist theme, tha the Son of Heaven did not neec to or to or even to but only to "radiate benevolence." No one is better at radiating benevolence than Dwight D. Eisen- hower. His radiations have not ex- actly "set in order all under heav- as the Confucianist used to promise rather more than years ago. Harmony with Con- has if1 anything diminished the President's power in Congress. Harmony in the Republican party has encouraged the anti-Eisen- hower faction in the hopo of taking over. In dealing with otter, politi- cians, amiability has not proven to be EI universal panacea. On the other hand, the presiden- tial radiations have notably in- creased Eisenhower's a 1 r e a dy (Continued on Page 4, Column 7) ALSOPS Bornholm is 60 miles a few minutes jet the Baltic Sea, coast of Poland. According to eyewitnesses, the plane circled over Roenne for 75 minutes before landing on a train- Mrs. Milender was helping 'her Warroad Mother Saves 5 Children From House Fire WARROAD, Minn, iff Racing up a smoke-filled stairway, 'Mrs. Floyd Milender saved her five children Tuesday shortly -before fire razed the family's rural War- road home. ing field at Almegaard army camp, a few miles north of the city. husband with chores when she saw smoke billowing from an up- The camp arfeld and military personnel there held their breath as the plane roared down onto the rough field. It swayed and bucked across the grass, then halt- ed rn a small group of trees in one corner of the training ground. One of its wings collided with a tree branch but the damage was reported slight. ren in the dense fumes, she car- ried them safely down the steps and outdoors. They range in age from three -weeks to 4V4 years. Neighbors helped Milender re- move most of the family posses- sions from the first.floor of the home. Cause of the blaze was not determined. The Milenders are tak- ing up quarters, in a trailer home. The Wife And Family of Capt. Joseph McConnell Jr., who be- came the world's leading jet ace, talked to newsmen at their home in Apple Valley, Calif., .and were very firm, on one point, "they want him home." Capt. McConnell has 16 "Bed MIGs to his credit and has asked for 25 missions more, but the Air Force removed him from flight status after 106 missions. Left to right: His wife, Pearle; Joseph. Christopher, '6; Kathleen, 7, (stand-' ing on Patricia Ann, 9; and the captain's father, Joseph McConnell Sr.( 61. (AP Wirephoto) In a Congress anxious to trim the tax burden which Eisenhower called "too high" for a long pull, this brought a mixed reaction. 'Some leaders said the outcome appears in doubt, but that Eisen- hower might get what he asked for after a tough fight. Urges Middlt Way In his first direct report to the people since taking office, Eisen- hower described what he called a "middle way" military program. Evidently taking note of criticism in Congress and elsewhere of plans to cut the '-Air Force Budget, he said in his nationwide radio broad-1 cast: Investments in. air power represent and will continue to rep- resent the heaviest single outlay of our government. "It is my conviction that our developing con- stant review and result in a steady growth :n the size and efficiency, of the air defense, until we have attained an adequate level of security." Declaring there is no sign that Russia has changed her plans for destruction of freedom_around the world, the President said govern- ment revenues-must be maintained at present high levels. He spoke out strongly against a drive in the House to cut personal income taxes 10 per cent starting July 1. Instead, he said, the 10 per cent reduction should be al- lowed to take effect on schedule next Jan. 1. He called for a six months' ex- tension of the excess profits tax on corporations, now scheduled to die in six weeks. He asked Con- gress to postpone indefinitely cuts scheduled next March 31 in regular corporation income taxes and ex- cise (sales) taxes on scores. of items. He said he will submit a completely revised tax program next January. Submits Figurei The President offered to forego one small scheduled tax.hike. That is the social security tax increase from 1% to 2 per cent due to take effect Jan. 1. It is paid by both employes and employers on the first of a worker's annual wage or salary. The program he outlined would provide a billion dollars more, compared with present law, for the fiscal year starting July 1 but would still leave aa estimated fed- eral deficit of about 5% billions. His speech won speedy praise and backing from Republicans in Congress, although some of them balked at the continued high taxes Eisenhower called for. WEATHER LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 79; 'minimum, 55; noon, 79; precipitation, .24; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at FEDERAL FORECAST Winon'a and able cloudiness with occasional local showers or- thunderstorms tonight and Thursday. Somewhat cooler. Low tonight 52, highest Thursday afternoon 70. AIRPORT WEATHER (North Central Airlines) High temperature last 24 hours was 78 at noon today, low was 58 at 8 'p.m. Tuesday. There were two scattered layers of clouds, one at feet and the other at feet Visibility 15 miles. Wind from the south-southeast at is miles an hour with gusts up to 25 miles an hour. Barometer 29.53, falling slowly. Humidity 47 per cent President Nay Get Way After Hot Struggle Ike Willing to Forego Increase in Social Security Tax Leon Rivero, a Venezuelan ap- prentice bullfighter, was tossed and gored while making a pass in the Valencia, Spain, bull ring. Leon was mighty lucky though, he came through the bullfight with no serious injuries. (AP Wire- photo) La Crosse Girl Found Guilty in Soldier's Death LA CROSSE, Wis. Delores Stone, 17, La Crosse, was found guilty of third degree murder Tues- day night in the death of Cpl serve on 'oieiso relations committee, which has virtually Humphrey Supports Ike on Foreign Aid By JOE HALL WASHINGTON (M-Two Democratic senators said today they would fight 'Vigorously any attempts to cut the Eisenhower ad- ministration's foreign aid program for next- year. The senators, Humphrey of Minnesota and Sparkman of Alabama, Frank Walla, 42, a Seward, Neb., completed its hearings on the national guardsman. The jury returned its verdict aft- er more than three and one-half hours of deliberation. Sentence will be pronounced Friday morn- ing. Miss Stone was the last of six defendants to face the court for Walla's murder. He was beaten and robbed last August 13 while on leave from nearby camp Mc- Coy, where he was in summer training. Miss Stone and the others were part of a drinking party alleged to have run out of money. Miss Stone, according to prosecution testimony, urged the soldiers to j measure to authorize the mutual assistance program for the new fiscal year starting July 1. Humphrey predicted in an inter view that all seven Democrats on the committee would support the bill. The group's chairman, Sen. Wiley also has indicated he will back the full sum sought by President Eisenhower although he would not predict what his com- mittee finally will decide. Wiley said he thought the admin- istration had made out a good case for the bill. Sparkman said 'the administra- Rep. Merlin Hull Buried at BRF BLACK RIVER FALLS ffl-Rep. Merlin Hull, (R-Wis) the nation's oldest congressman, was buried to- day in the presence of state and national dignitaries. Funeral services for the 82-year- old member of the House of Rep- resentatives, who died Sunday, were held at 2 p. m. at the Metho- dist Church. Burial was in the T "vtoP' ml of a balanced bud ot a vltdl ot a Balanced Dua- mausoleum at Oak Grove Ceme- get more money to continue drink tion has been emphasizing it al- ing. Walla was beaten and his ready has cut the program to the L. Grover officiated. body left in an alley. bone in lopping off The other five defendants, four of the asked by for- Widmar. James Nobel and Nor- soldiers and- a teen-age girl, have mer President Truman. man Peterson, employes of the been sentenced. One soldier was I am afraid they may have to congressman's newspaper, and E. put on probation. The others were cut into the the senator E. Homstad, Bruce Van Gorden given prison or reformatory terms. and Philip Mills. By CHARLES F. BARRETT leaders today forecast a quick and bitter battle over President Eisen- hower's request for extension of the excess profits tax on corpo- rations for another six months. The President outlined this and four other tax steps in his nation- wide radio speech last night. He snuffed out hope for immediate tax cuts and called instead for continued high revenues to keep "our nation secure and our dollar sound in an age of danger." His plea brought a mixed and' wary reaction in Congress. Some leaders said the outcome appears in doubt, but that Eisenhower might get what he asked for after a tough fight. Detailed recommenda- tions will be sent to Congress short- ly, perhaps today. The President requested a six- month extension of the excess profits tax, now scheduled to die in exactly six weeks. And he asked Congress to repeal cuts of billion dollars in regular corpora- tion income taxes and excise (sales) taxes on scores of items which are scheduled to take effect automatically next March 31. Opposes Cuts Now He spoke strongly'against a drivt in the House to cut personal in- come taxes 10 per cent starting July 1. He called instead for letting the 10 per cent rate cut take effect Jan. 1, as scheduled under present law. The President offered to forego one minor tax increase. He pro- posed to keep social security taxes at the present rate of 1% per cent of payrolls on both individuals and employers. Present laws caE for a stepup to 2 per cent for both groups Jan. 1. Since social secur- ity taxes are levied on only the first of income, this would benefit a worker no more than a year. His over-all program would pro- vide an additional billion in revenue for the year starting, July 1, but still leave an estimated deficit of about 5V4 billion dollars for the first full fiscal year of his administration. Eisenhower said he would cut at' least VA billions from the spend- ing plans left by former President Truman. If the tax rates the President proposed are maintained, they would provide 2V4 to 3 billion dol- lars more than present laws for the fiscal year starting in mid-1954 year his administration plans to attain 'What Eisenhower called The Six Women Who Protested the scheduled York City marshal used a sledge hammer to eviction of a Negro family saf chained to chairs break down the apartment door. The company's in a demonstration in an office of the Metro- politan Life Insurance Co. in New York early to- day. Mrs. Sophie Decatur, second from right, and her husband Michael were evicted from the apartment they subleased in Metropolitan's Park- Chester development in the Bronx later in tie day along with 50 .other occupants when a New rule against, renewal of subleases was. upheld in court. Left to right are: Mrs. Florence Davis, Mrs. Theaesa Cbayes, -Mrs. Shirley Sheppard, Mrs. Anne Palma, Mrs. Decatur and Mrs. Ber- nice D'Antonio, all of the Bronx. (Story on Page 4) (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) get. Immediate tax reductions would increase and prolong federal defi- cits and thus bring more inflation, be cautioned. And that, he said, would "cheat every family in America. It would strike most cruelly at the poorest among us." The President said'his adminis- tration regards present taxes as too high, .but that Russia remains a threat to all freedom and that he believes no citizen "wants any tax saving at the price of essential national security." Against the backdrop of that appeal, a fight shaped up immed- iately over the excess profits tax proposal. And other points seemed certain to stir a storm of opposi- tion as they come up for action. Senate Republican Leader Taft of Ohio, who reluctantly supports an extension of the tax, expressed doubt the House would go along. In the House, opposition centered in the powerful ways and means committee, the group that starts all tax bills through Congress. The proposed extension promptly drew fire from Committee Chairman Daniel A. Reed who hag repeatedly vowed the levy never will be extended. And, as Reed put it, "When I fight." All 15 Republicans on the com- (Continued an Pige 9, Column 2) IKE Knowland Protests Red China in U.N. WASHINGTON (fl United States should cease to be a mem- ber of the United Nations if Com- munist China becomes one, Sen. Knowland (R-Calif) says. He introduced resolutions to that effect in the Senate yesterday.
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