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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 19, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy Tonight, Coo! With Showers On Wednesday VOLUME 53, NO. 78 Albert Lea at Winona Tonight, 8 O'clock Tune in KWNO AM-FM SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, MAY 19, 1953 TWENTY PAGES Ike Opposes Tax Cuts This Year 5-Year Garbage Removal Offer Submitted Keller Only Bidder Under Revised Plan There'll be no change in the con- tractor for collection of garbage in the city. But J. R. Keller, Rollingstone, will be getting almost twice as much money for the job. That's because a new state law, which he fought as senator in the Minnesota Legislature, requires commercially-fed garbage to be cooked. Keller was the only bidder Mon- day night when the City Council held a bid opening for a new five- year contract. His bid: for the five years. The comparable fig- ure for the present five-year con- tract, canceled as of July by the state law: About He'll be paid on a monthly basis. Since the state law was passed after the city's fall budget time, the extra cost is not budgeted for in the year ending next March 31. There'll be no change in the col- lection service: Twice a week in residential areas, except during June, July, August and September, when the collection shall be three times a week. A. J. Miller, president of the Trades Labor Council, asked al- dermen why wrapped garbage couldn't be collected. The greater expense involved in such a collec- tion was explained to him. City En- gineer W. 0. Cribbs said that the volume might be 300 times as much with wrapped garbage. Miller doesn't like dogs running around either. He wants the police depart- ment to enforce the ordinance. Another labor representative present was Russell Bundy, busi- ness agent of Local 799, General Drivers Helpers Union. He criti- cized the Council for permitting the Winona Transit Co. to reduce its schedules to every 20 minutes from June 8 to Sept. 5. He said the re- duction will cause the unemploy- ment of five drivers and also re- quired "speeding" by buses. In another bid action, the Coun- cil awarded a contract to the Hector Construction Cale- donia, for constructing storm sew- ers to and in the Winona Hous- ing Redevelopment Authority housing project. The award was de- layed from two weeks ago because the firm had specified an earlier starting date than desired. 3 Bandits Rob Bar in St. Paul ST. PAUL Wl Three neatly dressed and heavily armed bandits held up the Depot Bar in St. Paul early today and fled with cash after ordering nine customers to "keep your hands on the table." The bar is located at 241 E. Kel- logg Blvd. The men wore no masks. Wisconsin Assembly OK's Reapportioning MADISON UP) The Wisconsin Assembly today concurred in a bill reapportioning the state's Senate districts. The vote was 64-31. Inflation Hits Crime OMAHA, Neb. Inflation note: The Nebraska County Attor- neys Association has recommend- ed that the monetary dividing line between felonies and misdemean- ors be raised from to The amount of money involved deter- mines whether a crime is a mis- demeanor or felony in certain cate- gories. Felonies carry higher pen- alties. Easy Calorie Count RALEIGH, N. C. an easy way to figure out how many calories you'll need each day. Nutritionist Virginia Wilson of North Carolina State College says the first thing to do is consult.a height-weight table and find out how much you should weigh. Then multiply this figure by 15 if you're moderately active or by 20 if you do hard work .each day. The result will be roughly the number of cal- ories you need to maintain your present weight, she says. To lose one pound a week, cut your total calories 500 each day; to lose two pounds, eat less calories a day. To gain a pound a week, add 500 more calories than you spend each day, she advised. Wild Winds Rake Galveston, 1 Dead GALVESTON, Tex. OPI Wild vinds, blowing in gusts up to 84 miles per hour, raked this island city yesterday and left one dead and at least two injured. Killed was Arthur Allen, 35-year- old Negro construction worker. Allen's head was crushed when the high wind toppled a small con- struction shack from a sea wall extension project. Eldridge Robinson, 24, was hos- pitalized from injuries received when the shack was ripped apart. The other injured, J. H. Sterling, 25, had sought refuge from the driving rain in an automobile that was blown from the 30-foot high sea wall. Elsewhere in Texas, tornadoes were reported sighted in the air at Terrell, 30 mils east of Dallas; Waxahachie, 30 miles south of Dallas; and at Beeville, about 60 miles northwest of Corpus Christi. Heavy winds and rain struck the Freeport area, on the Gulf Coast, and floods threatened near the mouths of the Sabine, Neches and Brazos Rivers. 1st Woman Flier Crashes Through Sonic Barrier LOS ANGELES years America's No. 1 woman pilot, 43- year-old Jacqueline Cochran has achieved a much-cherished goal. She became yesterday the first of her sex to fly through the sonic barrier and surpass the speed of sound. Racing around a 100-kilometer closed course near the bed of Rog- ers Dry Lake, only 300 feet above the sun-parched Mojave Desert, Miss Cochran was timed at 652.337 miles per hour. National Aeronautical Associa- tion timers said she shattered the all-time jet record for a 100-kilo- meter in 1951 by Col. Fred Ascani, U. S, Air Force. She also surpassed the women's jet record of 534.375 m.p.h. established last December by Mme. Jacqueline Auriol, daughter-in-law of the President of France. Miss Cochran, wife of financier Floyd B. Odium, multimillionaire founder of one of the nation's larg- est investment trusts, had beefi training for several weeks for her assault on the sonic barrier. The man who helped her prepare for the test is Maj. Charles Yeager, the first pilot to fly faster than the speed of sound. "Passing the sonic barrier, with its shock waves and other strange effects, was the most exciting and interesting experience in my 21 years of Miss Cochran told newsmen. "Just for good measure, I bettered the speed of sound twice yesterday. I don't expect the rec- ords I set to last long, however, for faster jet planes and more powerful engines already are show- ing up on the flight line." Miss Cochran's plane on her record-shattering flight was a North American Aviation-licensed F86 Canadair, built in Montreal, Que. Europe Can't Defend Self, Ridgway Warns Western Nations Need U.S. Aid, Congress Told Jacqueline By JOE HALL WASHINGTON W) Gen. Matthew B, Ridgway testified to- day that Western Europe cannot take over its own defense alone "in the foreseeable future." The retiring commander of North Atlantic Treaty Organiza- tion forces also told the Senate Foreign Relations committee that the Russian "peace offensive" is putting brakes on the military build-up of the free world through its effect on public opinion in Europe. Appearing in support of the administration's for- eign aid program for the year be- ginning July 1, Ridgway said "it is going to take a long time to develop self-sufficiency in the mili- tary field" so that American troops can come home. When he was NATO commander, President Eisenhower spoke hope- fully of being able to begin U. S, troop withdrawals some time in 1954. Sen. Gillette (D-Iowa) asked if the European Defense Community could take over Western Europe's defenses alone when it comes into being or shortly thereafter. "I don't see it for the foresee- able Ridgway replied. i In discussion of the Russian peace gestures, Ridgway said they have had "a recognizable adverse reaction in certain segments of (European) public opinion" again- st defense preparations. The effect, he said, has been a tendency in some nations "to put off the evil day of decision on assumption of unpleasant burdens." The General described this as "a perfectly natural reaction" of peoples longing for peace. Ridgway, testifying in behalf of the Eisenhower administration's Foreign Aid Bill, told the committee "the Mutual Secur- ity program is a vital factor in the keeping of our momentum." Before Ridgway went on the stand Chairman Wiley (R-Wis) of the committee predicted his testi- mony would give a "big boost" to the foreign aid program. A-Blast Shakes Buildings 200 Miles Away LAS VEGAS. Nev. atomic blast powerful enough to shake buildings in Bishop, 200 miles away, flared over the Nevada desert before dawn today. The unusuaDy bright shot also rattled buildings in this gambling community 75 miles from the proving ground, but there were no immediate reports of damage. Police in Bishop said the shock wave came in two or three short jolts, rumbling like cannon shots, and were the strongest ever felt there. The blast, ninth and next-to-last of the spring test series, was set off from a 300-foot tower at Yucca Flat, with 28 Congressmen watch- ing from the control center and Armed Forces observers in trenches yards away. The shot, four times postponed, was primarily for scientific and observational purposes. The Atomic Energy Commission said 60 tests were conducted. Besides military equipment and civilian defense structures, anti- biotics provided by the Federal Food and Drug Administration were exposed to the burst. The drugs were tested for resistance to blast effects. Forty-seven planes, including 12 Strategic Air Command B-50 bombers from Roswell, N. M., were in the air on various mis- sions. A Navy AD-2 drone plane was flown into the thermal en- velope, but there was no immediate report on how it fared. There were no military maneu- vers following the blast. Volcano Being Checked MANILA W) Philippine volcanologists left today for Lake Taal, about 40 miles south of here, to check reports that a long-dor- mant volcano is showing signs of activity. The volcano last erupted in 1911, killing some persons. U.N.May Free POWs if Truce Talks Collapse Six-Day Recess Taken in Negotiations By OLEN CLEMENTS TOKYO UP! Korean truce talks were recessed for another I six days today, and an informed U. N. Command source said if ne- gotiations collapse the Allies prob- ably will free North Korean prisoners who refuse to return to Communist rule. j There were reports in Tokyo the j Allies were preparing a revised armistice plan that might set a j time limit on the peace talks. The U. N. Command asked an extension until next Monday of the three-day recess that was due to end tomorrow. The Reds agreed at a liaison meeting at Panmunjom. shida'today ras chosen prime min- A source close to Gen Mark I ister of Japan by Ihe House, which Clark's headquarters said the U.N. handed him two stinging defeats I Command is considering turning I Monday. iloose as civilians balky North Ko- 1 The Liberal party leader polled reans. Jap House Picks Yoshida to Be Prime Minister By WILLIAM C. BARNARD TOKYO Shigeru Yo- 1204 votes against 116 for Mamoru I Shigemitsu, lead- I er of the rival I Progressive par- ity. j Yoshida, 7 5, has headed four Japanese cabi- nets since World War II. He is re- garded as pro- American. Seventy seven members of the House- abstained on the final roll Yothida call. Most were members of the Rightist Socialist party. Four Parties Monday a coalition of four oppo- sition parties, including the Right- ist Socialists, swept Yoshida's po- litical foes into the key jobs of House speaker and vice speaker. If the coalition had held through to- day's vote for prime minister Yo- shida could have been unseated. His election as premier gives Yoshida authority to form his fifth cabinet, but most political observ- ers predicted rough sledding ahead. Last March Yoshida's opponents pushed through a vote of censure after the Prime Minister called a member of the Diet a "bakayaro" Instead of resigning the wily old Premier dissolved the procedure permitted under Japan's took his case to the people. Liberals Lost He didn't win the overwhelming victory for which he had hoped. Instead his Liberal party lost seats and wound up with 199, less than the 234 needed to hold control of the 466-seat House. He won enough Chinese Captives The ultimate disposition of these and Chinese captives who also have renounced Communism is the last major block to a truce. The source said a precedent for freeing captives already had been set by the Reds. "They say they freed 'at the front' Allied prisoners they grabbed early in the Korean said the source, whose name can- not be revealed. "There is no reason to keep hold- ing these North Korean prisoners. They hate Communism and will not go back to it under any circum- stances. "They are anxious to get back to their wives and families and be assimilated in South Korea among people of their own nationality who also are opposed to Communism. "The Chinese prisoners held by the U. N. Command are Sen. Leverett Saltonstall left, and Rep. Dewey Short (R-Mo) told newsmen of President Eisenhower's decision to ask Congress to extend the excess profits tax for six months beyond July 1 when it is due to expire. They made the announcement at the White House after a conference today with President Eisen- hower. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Taft Defends Quick Air Force Buildup 100-Wing Strength In Six Months Aim of Service' By JACK BELL WASHINGTON of both parties criticized proposed Air Force money cuts as dangerous today but Sen. Taft (R-Ohio) said "it is far better to have a 100- wing Air Force in six months than 143 wings in three years." Taft, the Senate majority-leader, indicated he thinks President--Ei- senhower will emphasize a hurry- up program for the Air Force in discussing defense money cuts in a national radio report tonight on security, budget balancing and taxation. The President will speak from p. m., rjaaieni otcmuaiui and his talk will be carried by all the major radio'networks. Eisenhower briefs the GOP leg- But their future is something to talk about." The U. N. Command said it asked for the extended recess in 1 to the prisoner deadlock. Last week Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison Jr., chief Allied truce del- egate, gave "administrative prob- i will make tonight in his first direct broadcast report to the nation since taking office. Its announce- ment last week followed confusing support from other conservatives to recapture the premiership, but with political opponents sitting as speaker and vice speaker he faces trouble, i On the other hand, he controls j the biggest 'bloc of votes in the i House and opposition widely split on policy. In a muve to keep control of the House, the Premier is expected to meet with Shigemitsu tomorrow to recess. -Tuesday's explanation only men- tioned "reviewing" the prisoner j question. The U. N. Command statement explaining the new recess request said the longer period would give the Reds "an opportunity1-' for "careful consideration" of past and present efforts to settle the POW problem. The U. N. in its latest proposal as to the balancing. Facet Questioning Several hours after the White House session, Secretary of De- fense Wilson faces anticipated stiff senatorial questioning about arms fund reductions. He was almost certain to be asked, also, about what Rep. W. Sterling Cole (R-NY) said was an administration decision to whack urmng loo e Ve M 00 "bout 30 per cent off the closely m Koreans as soon reached be taken i Korea by neutral' repatriation c fie- seek co-operation of the Progres sives, a conservative party which! thinks much like Yoshida's Liber- als. mission composed of India, Swed- en, Switzerland, Poland and Czech- oslovakia. was "unthinkable." They agreed to let the prisoners remain in South Korea under neu- tral custody but do not want them see free until given a chance to send representatives among them "to explain things." Paris Transport System Crippled PARIS Paris transport i _ _ and Italy (jQlS L crippled again today by a 24-hour I strike. i A few subway trains and a handful of buses were running. Transport workers are seeking a general wage boost and imme- diate payment of francs monthly pending settle- ment of their wage claims. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly cloudy tonight. Wednesday cloudy and cool with showers by evening. Low tonight 50, high Wednesday 60. LOCAL "WEATHER Official observations for the' 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 69; minimum, 49; noon, 73; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) The high temperature for the past 24 hours was 72 at noon and the low 53 at a.m. today. There was a scattered layer of clouds at feet and the visi- bility was more than 15 miles. .The wind was from the south at 18 miles an hour with gusts up to 30 miles an hour. The barometer was 29.70 and falling and the hu- midity was 38 per cent. ROME M United States today turned over to Italy the first two C-119 troop carri-2i' planes to be delivered under the Mutual De- fense Assistance program. The "Flying Boxcars" each will carry 62 or 42 fully equipped paratroopers. atomic energy program. Cole, chairman of the Senate-House Atomic Energy Committee, said the cut would not curtail weapons development, but would slow up work on atomic power for ships, planes and .peacetime uses. Even before Wilson's appearance at a public session of a Senate appropriations subcommittee, sev- eral members voiced vigorous cri- ticism of his action in lopping five billion dollars off the total in new Air Force money requested of Congress by former President Truman. Wilson has said the reduced funds will give the Air Force 114 "sub- stantially well-equipped wings" by June 30, 1954, with a goal of 120 wings by about mid-1955. Wilson called that an "interim" goal, but indicated there had been no-deci- sion to shoot for a higher one later. The Truman administration had set a goal of 143 wings of which 126 would groups. have been combat B-50 Crash in Guam Jungle Kills 2 Men GUAM A B-50 four-engined bomber crashed and burned in dense jungle Monday, killing two crewmen and injuring four. One died- in the crash and the second later in a hospital. Families In South Flee Flooded Homes NEW ORLEANS Heavy rains and swollen streams have force_d almost families from their homes in Louisiana and Western Mississippi. Three persons drowned in Louisi- ana. Two others were missing after a landslide in Natchez, Miss., as water covered thousands of acres. Livestock losses were reported at many points as cattlemen began driving stock to higher ground. The rice crop in Southwest Louisiana may be lost and cotton in other sections was ruined. Unofficial estimates said losses could run into the millions of dol- lars in property and crop dam- ages. Rain and windstorms struck most of the state yesterday and over the weekend. And more rain was expected today. Gov. Robert Kennon made Na- tional Guard equipment available for emergency use in the stricken areas. The tornadoes and floods communications lines down halted traffic on many main high- ways. Hardest hit was the area around Natchitoches in Northwest Louisi- ana, where the Red Cross said 250 families were evacuated through yesterday and another 100 would leave their homes today. Two children drowned at Lebeau trying to cross a water-filled ditch, and a 24-year-old Negro drowned while rounding up cattle in a bayou near flooded Red River. Ham Leads to Divorce INDIANAPOLIS Mrs. Doro- thy M. Whitebouse, 42, complained in Superior Court Monday that her on al- left and husband Donald, 50, insisted buying all the groceries and ways brought home ham, although it 'makes her sick. Judge John L. Niblack granted her a divorce. Jet Planes Circled the aircraft carrier Boxer, CV21, which returned to action in Korea with an attack on Hungnam, Songjin, and Wonsan. This is the fourth tour of duty for the carrier. She is the flagship of Rear Admiral J. D. John- son, USN, of Deatsville, Ala., and is command- ed by Capt. Marshall B. Gurney of Portland, Me. U.S. Navy photo via AP Wirsphoto) Excess Profits Levy Needed, President Says Congressional Leaders Hear Plan At White House WASHINGTON UP) President Eisenhower today disclosed his tax program extend the excess prof- its levy on business, now due to expire June 30, until Jan. 1 and keep individual income taxes at present rates until that date. His program was laid before GOP Congressional leaders at a House conference and immediately ran into important opposition. Chairman Reed (R-NY) of the tax-writing House Ways and Means committee told reporters "not a thing" happened at the White House session to change his de- termination, that the excess profit! tax must die June 30, or his be- lief that individual income taxes ought to be cut sooner than Jan. 1 when they are due under existing law to drop about 10 percent. Reed is a key figure in the mat- ter since his committee normally must start all tax bills through Congress, and it would require new legislation to continue the excess profits tax, Goes Over Talk Eisenhower called the Congres- sional leaders to go over a radio address he is to make to the na- tion tonight his first of the 'fireside chat" type since taking office. This broadcast at p.m. (CST) over all major networks expected to deal with the problems of defense cost and financing. The excess profits tax brings the government about 2V6 billion dol- lars a year. It is a special levy designed to skim any unusual profits from cor- porations on the theory that the profits were the result of stimula- tion of business from defense spending. Businessmen have long complained that there are many inequities in it. Reed's committee has already gone on record 15-0 against ex- tending the tax beyond June 30. Bypassing the group through some parliamentary maneuver could open a breach which might cause the administration difficulty on oth- er matters the committee handles such as reciprocal trade and Social Security legislation. Reed declared also that he in- tends" to press a. bill he is spon- soring for a cut of about 10 per cent in individual income taxes on July 1. There seems little prospect that Reed will get far with this but he is in much better position to block an extension of the excess profits tax than to get through a cut in income tax rates. Comments of the Congress mem- bers who met with Eisenhower all indicated a tacit assumption that the administration is minded, as of now at least, to accept the sched- uled drop Jan. 1 in individual in- come taxes, Drop Next March Rep. Halleck of Indiana, the House Republican leader, noted, however, that under present laws, regular corporation income taxes are scheduled to drop five percent- age points next March SI, and a large number of excise (sales) taxes are due to expire or be re- duced on the same date. Halleck said if the Eisenhower program "goes through as out- lined" there will be a thorough study of the whole tax structure before March 31 and this study will include consideration of cor- porate, personal and excise rates. Comments from Sen. Taft of Ohio, the Senate Republican leader, indicated he had considerable doubt that the excess profits tax would be extended. Taft said Senate leaders got no commitments out of House when they asked how soon action might be expected on a bill to continue it. Taft observed too that it would be difficult for Congress to revive the excess profits tax after June 30 if it was permitted to die on j that date. He said the time for action is growing short. The Ohio senator said that as he understands it, Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey plans to ask Congress to pass a "comprehens- ive" tax bill, possibly including ex- tension of some excise taxes which expire in the next few months. Sen. Saltonstall chair- man of the Senate Armed ices committee, and Rep. Short chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, gave newsmen the report on the Presi- dent's intentions as outlined to them at the White House session: They held a news conference after they and other GOP con- gressional leaders had conferred with Eisenhower for more than an hour. At the session, they said, Eisen. bower reviewed the radio ipeech will nuke.
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