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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 16, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Warmer Tonight, Cloudy, Showers Sunday Chiefs at Faribault Sunday, p. m. Tune in KWNO AM-FM VOLUME 53, NO. 76 3-Day Recess Called by U.N. On Truce Talks Reds Balk Again Over Allied POW Exchange Proposal SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, MAY 16, 1953 TWENTY-TWO PAGES By GEORGE A. MCARTHUR MUNSAN Korean armi- stice talks recessed until Wednes- day at Allied insistence today after another stormy exchange over U. N. and Communist proposals to end the long prisoner exchange deadlock. The Communists angrily accused U. N. negotiators of destroying the "basis" of the negotiations and called on them to "withdraw this absurd proposal." Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison Jr., charged the Reds with trying "to coerce unwilling prisoners to return to unwanted musters." Harrison said ho asked for the three-day recess for "administra- tive reasons." He declined to elab- orate. Top-Level Conference Observers pointed out the recess would provide an opportunity for top-level conferences at a time when criticism of the U. S. position is building up among friendly nations. The U. S. State Department Friday night took the unusual step of issuing a formal statement de- fending the ''fundamental humani- tarian principle" of letting prison- ers of the Korean' war choose whether they will go home. There can be no compromise, the State Department said in the statement apparently aimed at critics at home and abroad. The department said every possi- bility for an honorable truce will be explored, but there can be no agreement which would condemn some prisoners to "indefinite cap- tivity." India, Britain and Canada all have brought pressure on the U. S. to reach an agreement on the basis of the Communists' May 7 proposal. Harrison refused to comment on the criticism. Communist negotiators argued vehemently for their plan to turn over to a five-nation commission for four months the North Korean and Chinese prisoners who reiuse to go home. During this period the Reds would explain matters to them. The future of those who still refuse repatriation would be decided at a post-armi- stice political conference. Ike Cruises on Bay, Works on Tuesday's Talk NORFOLK, Va., President Eisenhower cruised m Chesapeake Bay today before heading for Nor- folk to confer with aides on the radio talk he will make Tuesday night on the related subjects national security, federal spending and taxes. The President, planned also to confer with an old golf partner, Adm. Lynde D. McCormick, com- mander-in-chief of the Atlantic Fleet. Help to Draft The Presidential aides who will help draft the nationwide address were to board the Presidential yacht Williamsburg on her arrival at the Norfolk Naval Base. They are Gabriel Hauge. assistant in charge of economic affairs, and C. D. Jackson, cold war strategy planner. The Williamsburg, with Eisen- hower and his aides aboard, will sail from Norfolk at 6 p. m. (EST) for Annapolis, Md.. where the President will attend Sunday church services and visit the U.S. Naval Academy. Sirigosan NORTH KOREA Map Locates outposts Vegas, Berlin and East Berlin, on Korea's western front, where Turkish infantrymen and heavy guns chopped up a Chinese assault force, It was the biggest Red attack since truce talks resumed at nearby Panmunjom almost three weeks ago. Bitter fighting continued for the fourth straight day in the Capitol Hill-Outpost Texas sector of the cen- tral front. (AP Wirephoto Map) Allied Sabre Jets Bring Down 11 MIG By MILO FARNETI SEOUL Sabre jets blasted at least 11 Communist MIGs from the North Korean sky and damaged six others today in one of their greatest victories over the swept-wing Red jets. Each of America's three top aces flying in Korea scored a kill. Today's bag was the biggest since last September when the deadly Sabres destroyed 13 MIGs i and damaged four. The record was j set last July 4 when Allied pilots shot down 13 MIGs, probably de- stroyed one and damaged seven, Capt. Manuel Fernandez of Miami, Fla., downed his 14th MIG today to regain his position as the world's top ranking jet ace. Only a few hours earlier Capt. Joseph McConnell of Apple Valley, Calif., had destroyed his 13th MIG to tie Fernandez -temporarily. Jabar-a Scores Capt. James Jabara of Wichita, Kan., the first U. S. ace of the Korean war, bagged his first MIG since returning to Korea for his second tour of duty. Jabara now has seven MIGs. The suddenly stepped-up tempo Attlee, McCarthy War of Words Easing Off LONDON IS Two influential British newspapers said today the transatlantic war of words sparked by former Prime Minister Clem- ent Attlee's criticisms of U. S, pol- Oatis Released After 2 Years in Czech Cell Charges Denied In Poison Trial LOS ANGELES Hay- den has denied, with a simple, forceful that she engaged in intimate relations with the youth charged with trying to poison her husband. The green-eyed, 19-year-old ex- pectant mother took the stand as a prosecution rebuttal witness yes- terday after the defense had rested in the trial of Richard La Force, 19-year-old science student. He testified previously they were intimate several times. He told the jury he planted evidence against himself and got arrested as the poisoner to divert suspicion from House Committee Opens Study of Hilary Reserves WASHINGTON UP) The House Armed Services Committee has launched an investigation into whether the nation's two million military reservists are being fairly treated and adequately trained. A subcommittee will hold open hearings soon as a result of what Rep. Leroy Johnson (R-Calif) said was a "host of complaints" that reserve programs are being poor- ly administered. Johnson, head of, the subcommit- tee, said the probe would cover every aspect of the comprehen- sive reserve program, from the ac- tual training to the way the Pen- tagon treats veterans who remain in a reserve status after serving in combat. Rep. Brooks of Louisiana, rank- ing Democratic member, said in a separate interview the investiga- tion may prompt congressional rec- ommendations to "put some mus- cle" into some aspects of the re- serve program. All inductees have a reserve ob- S aaP.PhirdedLon0donbedailvSidnfvoteffd Ration for six years after corn- But a third London daily devoted rf thousands two years' active service. half its front page to a fresh bar- j Cninese siammed into Allied lines 1 Thousands of others, including vet- rage against Sen. Joseph McCar- j ;n central Korea and were driven I erans and graduates of military thy off by tough South Korean infan-1 training programs, have reserve The independent Times and the j trymen. status- conservative Daily Telegraph both j In bitter hand-to-hand fighting, some Chinese. Frontline reports said Reds killed or wounded, most of Military officials have told Con- gress repeatedly that the reserves form an essential backbone in case armed strength must be expanded. Defense Secretary Wilson cited the large number of reserves as one LU1IOC1 VOU vc uallj itlvslafl' WWLU reported a slackening in British-! Allied troops backed by thunderous American tensions. artillery fire, cut up a force of Violent Wind "The violent wind that has been ___ __ justification for his current policy nf nruning military manpower. to" have passed commented I congressmen Lid their the Times. The Telegraph said: j unmese m QarK nas produced these, among ;htlV lf ''UmeS Tne Reds attacked shortly after I other complaints. from the "ft. )hp I midnight, overrunning ROK posi-1 L Some reservists draw pay for declared the Snnfh what is supposed to be an eve- ning's training but spend their time playing cards because there is no training program. 2. Many regular officers as- signed to oversee reserve pro- grams are merely awaiting retire- ment and have little interest in the U. S. that attacks on Britain are "playing the Kremlin's game." But the mass circulation Daily Mirror still fumed over McCarthy's speech to the Senate Thursday in which he referred to Attlee as "comrade" and said the word was a "Communist term meaning fel- low-Communist." The Mirror, which describes it- self as an "independent newspaper of the printed photographs of what it said were letters from an American Legion post in Brit- ain to its members which began with the salutation: "Dear Com- rades." Recalling that McCarthy But the South Koreans drove the Reds from their trenches with bayonets and grenades in the bit- terest fighting of this size in months, the Eighth Army said. The Reds also hurled a battalion against Outpost Harry in the same general area, but were beaten off himself is a member of the Ameri- can Legion, the Mirror asked: "Would you call them Commu-JD_J nists, Comrade Heels of Attacks The newspaper comments came on the heels of attacks on McCar in two hours of fighting by 2nd ithelr Battalion, 15th Regiment, forces of 3- Veterans back from Korea the U. S. 3rd Division. jhave no assurance they will _ be The Americans counted 152 Reds I classified properly to avoid im- killed or wounded. j mediate recall to_emergency duty. Another 206 Communist casual- j ties were inflicted by ROK troops j when three companies of Chinese 500 men, assaulted Sniper Ridge and Jane Russell Hill on Triangle Hill. Be-spectacled President Ei- senhower, in academic cap and gown, read his program, seated on the platform at College of William and Mary at Williams- burg, Va. The President was awarded an honorary doctor of laws degree. (AP Wirephoto) thy by several leaders of the left- wing faction of the Labor party led by fiery Aneurin Bevan. Bevan, himself, took the floor at Trowbridge to declare that his talk was "for the benefit of Senator McCarthy, comrades and friends." Declaring the Socialist move- ment had begun its meetings for generations with calls to "com- he declared: "We don't propose to stop for Senator Mc- Carthy." jOre Ship Disaster 'Deaths Stand at 10 DULUTH, Minn. W> The Coast Guard reported here the finding of the body of another victim of the freighter Henry Steinbrenner disaster. Identified as that of A. L.Morse of Michigan City, Ind., the body was found in a life jacket. It was discovered Friday about 17 miles from the place where the ship sunk in Lake Superior Monday. Morse was third assistant engineer on the Steinbrenner. Finding of Morse's body, picked up by the steamer Hood brought to 10 the number of bodies recov- ered. Fourteen of the 31 crew members were rescued. Set at Camp Ripley Boy Catches First Muskie of Season SAUK RAPIDS, Minn. UP) A central Minnesota farm boy caught the first muskie this spring in the Mississippi River in this area. Tom Fisher, 14, landed a 17W t pound muskellunge while cast ing ST. PAUL Red Cross serv-1 from shore near his home one mile ices will be provided Minnesota north of here. National Guard units and reserve groups during their training this summer at Camp Ripley June 14- 28 and at Camp Haven, Wis., dur- ing the same dates, Carl Myers, Red Cross state relations repre- sentative, said today. Tom wasn't expecting that kind of luck and had no landing net with him. He shouted to his brother about a block away to get a net. The brother could not find one, but returned with his father who helped land the big fish. Farmer Drowns While Fishing Near Mazeppa i Zumbro Falls Man Falls Into Water At Rochester Dam I ZUMBRO FALLS, Minn. A 26- I year-old Zumbro Falls farmer j drowned while fishing at the Ro- I Chester power dam six miles from Mazeppa at a. m. today, his first wedding anniversary. Henry Tiedemann, who farms one-half mile from here, slipped or i fell from the ledge at the dam into j Zumbro River water 50 feet below. jHis body was recovered, after a half-hour of dragging, about 10 feet from where it entered the water. This was the first Wabasha Coun- ty drowning this year. Wabasha County Coroner E. B. Wise, Wabasha, said that a ruling of accidental death would be made and that there would be no in- quest. He said that Tiedemann was fishing with Roderick Adams, a friend who farms three miles from I here, and that his body went in between the two bars of a railing I around the ledge. Wise quoted Adams as saying that Tiedemann said "I can't take any more of this" just before he fell. Sheriff John Jacobs, Waba- sha, said the young man might have suffered a fainting spell. Adams called Jacobs and a deputy, who dragged for the body. Born here Oct. 23, 1926, Tiede- mann had operated the family home farm. He was the father of a 6-week-old baby. Survivors include his wife, baby and father, Alfred Tiedemann, Rochester. The body was taken to the Ro- schen Funeral Home, Lake City. 17 Airmen Killed In Triple Crash Germany UP) U. S. Air Force announced today that seven American airmen were killed Friday night in the first triple air collision in Germany. The accident occurred over flat farm country, 40 miles southwest of Frankfurt, when an Air Force F84 Thunderjet ripped into a flight formation of 18 C119 Flying Box- cars. Two of the big transport planes and the jet fighter crashed and burned. Their wreckage was strewn over an area of several square miles. One of the Boxcars exploded in the air. The pilot of the F84 and three crewmembers of the cargo planes bailed out but all suffered injuries. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Generally fair and somewhat warmer tonight. Sunday mostly cloudy with occa- sional scattered showers. Low to- night 52, high Sunday 70. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 74; minimum, 49; noon, 73; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Airlines Weather) High temperature last 24 hours was 71 at noon today, low was 48 at a. m. There was a thin brok- en layer of clouds at feet, visibility was 15 miles plus. The wind was calm. Barometer 29.93, fluctuating but falling slowly. Hu- midity 54 per cent. Mrs. Laurabelle Oatis, left, shared with her sister, Mrs. Au- drey Rees, her joy today at the release of her husband, William Oatis, after 25 months imprisonment in Czechoslovakia. Oatis was Associated Press chief of bureau in Prague. Mrs. Oatis lives in St. Paul. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Badger Lawmakers Tackle Many Major Problems By ARTHUR BYSTROM MADISON of legislative districts, integration of the University of Wisconsin and state colleges, television, fiscal problems and a probable recess were the top subjects of discussion of senators and assemblymen this week. The reapportionment issue, probably the major legislation of the session, was settled in the Senate in less than two hours Wednesday. Whether it can go through the Assembly as smoothly, however, is questionable. That House takes it up as a special order Tuesday morning. The Republican majority knock- ed out one of the major objections of Democrats to the bill when it re- vised the setup in Milwaukee to avoid hurting any one senator from that area. Revised Serirp As originally drafted, the bill would have cut Milwaukee's rep- U.S. May Lift Restrictions on Czechoslovakia WASHINGTON A State De- partment spokesman said today _________ _____ the United States would now con- resentation from seven to six sen-1 sider removal of sanctions imposed ators by completely cutting out the on Communist Czechoslovakia as a ninth district, now represented by result of the imprisoning of A.P. Sen. Maier, the Democratic floor j Correspondent William Oatis. j Oatis was pardoned by Czech The revised setup shifted all dis-1 President Zapotocky and set free tricts in Milwaukee so that Maier today The department regarded would not be at a disadvantage, his.release as a long-overdue act Milwaukee still would lose t saia depart. senator and Northern Wisconsin mfint of coursei is Rreatly pleased would gam one, under the plan. by release of Mr_ Oatis from Gov. Kohler's proposal to inte-1 jncarceration which this gov- grate the university and the state ernment felt from the outset was colleges under one board of re- j a gross injustice." gents finally died in the Assembly j press officer Lincoln White told when that house refused to recon- j newsmen 'there wasn't any deal" sider the vote by which it had re- i for Oatis' release on the part of fused to concur in the senate jthe U. S. government, approved measure. I "We have imposed certain sane- I The governor took the blame for! tions as a result of Oatis' impris- jthe bill's death, saying he had onment. With his release we are 'failed to make clear to Wisconsin residents importance of the legisla- tion. He denied, emphatically, there was any party politics, involved in his first defeat of the session. There have been widely circulated reports he was being "spanked" by Republican leaders for failure to go along with them on some party matters. Gains Freedom On Wife's Plea, Reds Announce 'Great to Be Says Newsman at Iron Curtain Border By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS William N. Oatis came back to freedom today and said "I feel great" despite two years in a Prague prison. I The AP in j Czechoslovakia because he wrote I the truth about the Communist a pardon from President Antonin Zapotocky. U. S. officials drove him to West Ger- many. It was expected he would return within a day or two to the United I States and a reunion with his wife. It was Mrs. Oatis' poignant ap- peal for her husband's release that led the Czech President to grant the pardon, Zapotocky said in a statement broadcast from Prague. Oatis was under a 10-year sentence. He was asked at the Czech-Ger- man border how he had been treated in the hands of the Czech authorities. "Well they treated me pretty good, but it's great to be Oatis responded. The lanky cor- respondent was pale. Oatis, an Indianan now 39 years old, was sentenced by a Prague court in 1951 on charges of espio- nage after a trial the U. S. govern- ment quickly labeled as a travesty of justice. Further Details Mrs. Oatis, at her home in St. Paul, Minn., meanwhile was "grateful, delighted and exhaust- ed." She had been up most of the night awaiting further details, after the first bare announcement that Czech authorities were giving her husband a pardon. The appeal she sent last Novem- ber to Klement' Gottwald, then president of Czechoslovakia, was disclosed Friday night when ths news of the pardon became known. She put her heart into the 250-word letter. she said, "you must Armed Services Day Wilson Sounds Economy Note By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON MV- Economy, a new note in the three-year-old re- armament program, is the official watchword for this Armed Forces Day. Secretary of Defense Wilson sounded it last night, saying the administration's economy program "is based on more effective de- fense for less money" and: "We think Uncle Sam's big old pocketbook has been open too wide." But Gen. Omar Bradley, getting ready to leave the chairmanship of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, ad- vised that the cost of prepared- ness would continue billion dollars a a long time to come.' "To those who would put econ- omy ahead of security, who are wishfully hopeful in regard to Communist intentions, my predic- tion of costs must be a gloomy Bradley said. Voices Views The general voiced his views in an address yesterday noon. The secretary spoke last night. So to some it seemed as though Wilson was replying to Bradley. Bradley's talk may be one of hisjast major speeches as head of the Joint Chiefs. The administra- tion has named an entirely new roster of members of that military high command. There was no bitterness in the way either man spoke his views. And both were agreed that the danger of Communist attack re- mained. Today the two were scheduled to stand together and review an Armed Forces parade in the na- tional capital. Wilson took occasion to compli- ment publicly the Joint Chiefs members who are leaving. He also expressed "great confidence" in the new chiefs and said they will make "an intensive and entailed study" of the defense picture, con- sidering all aspects. j The governor indicated that the I bill died because people had no interest in it one way or the other and legislators were influenced by i the pressure put on by the Wiscon- ]sin Alumni Association. Educational Nstworki The television issue involved edu- cational networks. All bills that would set up such a network, or permit the Milwau- kee vocational school to develop a TV program, died for this year when both houses adopted a reso- lution directing the legislative council to study the situation for two years. The resolution also requested the Federal Communications Commis- sion to hold 12 educational chan- nels for Wisconsin until 1955. Gov, Kohler said Friday he still thought the state's budget could be balanced without additional taxes. Some fiscal experts, however, don't agree with him. Therefore, it is almost certain the Legislature will recess, prob- ably about June 13, and wait about four months to see how in- come holds up. 32 Huk Rebels Killed MANILA Army Friday reported 32 Huk rebels were killed, 13 wounded, 31 captured and 46 surrendered in operations on Lu- zon Island the last few weeks. 1 The Army said it lost six men killed and 14 wounded in the same period. now in position to give considera- tion to the removal of those re- he said. Officials said the restrictions have been: 1. A barrier to Czech exports to the United States which cut off a trade estimated as high as mil- lion a-year. This was accomplished by instructing U. S. officials at Prague to refuse to certify consu- lar invoices necessary for U. S. im- ports. 2. A rigid ban on all exports from the United States to Czecho- slovakia. 3. A policy against travel to Czechoslovakia by any American other than a person on essential official business. 4. A ban against flights of Czech- oslovak commercial airplanes over the United States zone of Germany. Britain and France co-operated in this to cut off Czech travel over all Western Germany. Bill Approved On Vacation Pay WASHINGTON The Senate Post Office and Civil Service Com- mittee has approved a bill to bar top government officials from col- lecting cash settlements for un- used vacations. But the bill, as the committee approved it yesterday, would allow the President if he wishes, to give his appointees longer vacations than the 13 days a year now al- lowed by law. The measure stemmed from dis- closure that many outgoing mem- bers of the Truman administration collected thousands of dollars for vacation leave they bad accumu- lated but never used. Sen. Williams (R-Del) had charged, too, that some govern- ment workers were fired one day, paid in cash for vacation leave due, then hired back within a few hours. He called it a racket. Ike Pleased NORFOLK, Va. (tfl-Presi- dent Eisenhower today express- ed his pleasure at the release of Associated Press Correspon- dent William Oatis by the Communists in Czechoslovakia. The President said through Press Secretary James Hag- erty he was "highly pleased" about the news of Oatis' re- lease. heed a simple plea for mercy and put an end to this bitterly unhappy situation in which my husband Wil- liam and I are entrapped. Part of Letter "We married because we wanted to spend our lives together. Yet the days go by, one after another, and so does the time we would be spending together. VVe can nev- er regain what has already been lost during this past two and a half years, but I continue to and pray There was no explanation why the Prague officials waited exactly six months to act on the letter, but in the meantime Gottwald died and Antonin Zapotocky became Presi- dent of Czechoslovakia. In the meantime, also, Moscow launched a "peace and per- suaded North Korean authorities to release groups of American, Brit- ish and French civilians who bad (Continued on Page 14, Column 3.) OATIS William
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