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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 15, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy Tonight And Thursday, Temperature Same VOLUME 53, NO. 75 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, MAY 15, 1953 Chiefs at Faribault Sunday, p. m. Tune in KWNO AM-FM TWENTY PAGES Jet, Two Flying Boxcars Collide HEPPENHEIM, Germany German police reported tonight that two U. S, Air Force Flying Boxcars and an American jet fighter crashed near here after a triple collision in the air. Police said at least two bodies several crew members had bailed out before the planes plummeted. They said a flight of 18 C82 trans- port planes was traveling south in formation and met 16 jet fighters headed the other way. One of the latter, they said, left his flight and were found near the scene of the veered over toward the transports, crash. One airman was taken to The collision followed. a hospital with serious injuries. The crash occurred near the vil- lage of Emsbach, in a farmland area. Police said they assumed The transports were early ver- sions of the present Flying Box- cars. They have two engines and normally carry a crew of five. Nehru Endorses Communist Plan NEW DELHI, India Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru today endorsed the most recent Communist proposal of repatriation of Korean prisoners' of war in preference to this week's counter-plan from the United Nations Command. The U N. negotiators' proposals, he told Parliament m a special foreign policy statement, "diverge considerably from the Indian- authored General Assembly resolution to which the United Nations TODAY Russia Prod Ne ns ucmg w Jet stands committed.'1 But the Red proposals, he con- tinued, are a "very close approxi- mation" of the U. N. resolution and "seemed to afford a promis- ing, solid basis for a solution of the immediate problem." i "It should be possible to amplify j them or vary them by agreement I where Nehru contin- lued, adding: "We would welcome any solution j accepted by the parties concerned, I but feel such a solution is much more likely to be found on the Judge Denies State School Aid to Pierz Buckman Entitled To Grant, Court Says In Split Decision ST. PAUL Clayton I Parks in Ramsey County District Court Thursday issued a split deci-1 sion in the matter of state aid to public elementary schools in the villages of Pierz and Buckman in Morrison County. The state had denied in special aids to the two small vil- lages on grounds of alleged "inter- mingling" of parochial and public education in the two schools in violation of the state constitution and state education department rules. Judge Parks held that the Buck- man village school was entitled to receive state aid while the Pierz school district was not entitled to such aid. He upheld the action taken by the state board of education and Dean M. Schweickhard, state com- missioner of education, in denying aid to Pierz but reversed the board No Security in Sword Al one, Decl ares and the commissioner on the Buck- man issue. In holdir_ was entitled to aid, Judge said: Korean Truce Negotiations Stalemated By GEORGE A. MCARTHUR PANMUNJOM Korean truce negotiations got nowhere today as both sides refused to budge from their separate proposals for ex- changing war prisoners. Apparently, only hope kept the talks alive. The Allies have threat- ened to break off negotiations again if fthe Reds won't bargain I Buckman school the last barrier to a' truce officials want to probe truce U. S. iv JOSEPH STEWART of the United Nations reso- Intiftn The U. N. resolution, adopted December, provided that several dif- j ferent reasons, chiefly secret, the j Intelligence branches of the Am- jrican Armed Services have now pows refusing repatriation after agreed that the Soviets are produc- j a four-nation repatriation commis- N custody of any :The Buckman school had one j every corner of the Communist crucifix on the wall and a holy fposition for any possible basis for water font apparently not much agreement, bigger than the human hand which Today's hour and 20-minute ses- bto j was never filled and never used. Both were the property of the parochial school which rented to the public school the two rooms in question. They had been there for many years. Religious teach- ings were not carried on in the schoolroom; no one in Catholic garb had anything to do with the children at any time while in the ing a good all-weather jet fighter, fully equipped with tracking radar, this is a rather belated recogni- tion of a fact which the Air Force, particularly, has been reluctant to face. British Intelligence sources began to report the existence of a Soviet all-weather jet long before this. Various vital indices, such as the progress of the Soviet elec- tronics industry, have long pointed in the same direction. Other in- dices, such as the enormous ex- j sion had had them for 90 days and a political conference on Korea had discussed their future for an- other 30 days. The Communists last week pro- posed that a five-nation repatria- tion India- take over the prisoners for four months. The fate of any refusing repatriation after that period would be settled by a political conference. The U. N. negotiators contended this offered the prisoners no altern- ative to repatriation or continued pansion of Soviet aluminum out-1 captivjty. They agreed to the five- put, have equally pointed towards a major increase in Soviet air- craft production, that would make room for new types. Replacement for MIG The role of the Soviet all-wea- ther jet will be to replace the MIG-15, a day fighter without tracking radar, as the main wea- tem. The Kremlin's home defense force is currently composed of from to MIGs (as com- pared with aerial cats and dogs in this The process for replacement will take at least two years, probably three years, and perhaps four years. As the all-weather jets are phased into the home defense air force, the MIG-ISs will no doubt be phased out to the satellites, for tactical air and forward air defense uses. The effect of this replacement will be far-reaching indeed. Even today, the Soviet air warning net is dense and elaborate (as com- pared with out own rickety and penetrable "radar The weakness is the MIG-ISs; for the MIG, being a day fighter, leaves the Soviet Union gravely exposed to night and bad weather attacks. The weakness will be transformed into a source of strength, when the MIG-15.S are replaced by the new all-weather jets. And this new situation must be expected and prepared for by or 1956-'57 at the latest. Depend On Big Planes No development could have more bearing on American mili- tary planning, which squarely nation repatriation commission headed by India but countered the Reds with a proposal that all Ko- rean prisoners be released' immed- iately after an armistice, to remain in non-Communist territory if they wished. Non-Korean prisoners not desiring repatriation would be turned over to the commission within 60 days and the Communists would be allowed to visit them and try to persuade them to return In connection with the Pierz is- sue, he said: "In the Pierz school the holy water fonts were filled from time to time and if they were filled from time to time they must have sion brought only restatements that neither side accepts the other's views on what to do with Red prisoners who refuse to go back to communism. Another Meeting Another meeting is scheduled for 11 a. m. tomorrow (9 p. m. Friday, Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison Jr. chief Allied delegate, said the Com- munists either "misunderstood or deliberately misinterpreted" the latest Allied plan, offered two days ago and snubbed sharply by the Reds Thursday. He said they were not negotiating been used or the water evaporated tne conference hut. and the fonts refilled by the teach ers. They must have been filled from time to time for the purpose of use and it is not sufficient answer to say that they were only infrequently used. "Furthermore, in the Pierz school during released time for religious training the priest came into the schoolroom and gave re- ligious training. On the walls of the Pierz school appeared all of the pictures and decorations and "They didn't show any particular interest in our proposal except to condemn Harrison said. "Of course we condemned theirs too." The Reds proposed May 7 that a five-nation neutral India, Sweden, Switzerland, Poland and custody for four months of all prisoners who won't go home. During this time, the Reds would make "ex- planations." The future of those still refusing would be left to a remainders common to a parochial j pOSt-armistice political conference, school and the records kept were The Auies suggested that India some of them provided by the jjead five-nation commission Catholic Diocese at St. Cloud for the interchangeable use of t h e parochial school and the public school when pupils were transfer- red from one school to the other. home. At the end of another 60 "It seems to have beenlunques- and supply all troops to control the prisoners, 9 Burn to Death In B-29 Crash SARGENT, Neb. men were miraculously alive today to tell about the crash of their Air Force B-29 in rugged Nebraska cat- tle country Thursday. Nine others died as the bomber ripped apart and burned. The three who lived were in the cloudy tonight and sday. Not i man management did not and tajj Secti0n torn away as the four- much change in temperature. Low should be awarded its share of the ine lane bounced off one hill tonight 49, high Saturday 68. money due under the formula for smashed into another a quar- days however, the remaining pris- oners would be'freed to return to Red territory or not, as they pre- ferred. Nehru voiced reluctant willing- ness for India to serve on the repatriation commission. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly tionably a design in the Pierz school to use taxpayers money for the purpose of inculcating sectari- an principles in the minds 'Of the children and this conduct continu- ed throughout the greater part of the school year of 1950-51. 'The Co'urt is of the opinion therefore that the Pierz school management violated the constitu- tion of the state and the nation to such an extent as to bar it from participation in tax refunds, where- as, on the other hand, the President Eisenhower spoke today at the House of Burgesses in Williamsburg, Va. Left to right are Mrs. Eisenhower, Winthrop Rockefeller, the President and Gov. Battle of Virginia. On the podiums are documents of colonial-day Vir- ginia. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Ike to Report To Nation on Federal Budget WASHINGTON W) President Eisenhower's decision to report to the nation by radio next Tuesday emphasized today deep Republican concern about public reaction to continued deficit spending and pos- U. S. to Probe Red Stand to See If Truce Is Possible By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON U. S. officials have decided to probe the present Communist position in Korea as fully as possible to try to determine sible tax cut delays (whether there is any basis to hope for an eventual truce. In what the late Franklin D The alternative, in the light of the Red rejection of an Allied plan Roosevel? caUed a firesTde chat, j for breatang the deadlock over final di spositi Eisenhower will take to the air was to accept collapse of the talks at once. Instead, the negotiators met today for an hour and 20' waves to tell why his GOP admin- istration can't balance the federal budget now. There were some LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 67; minimum, 45; noon, 65; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) High temperature last 24 hours was 64 at noon today, low 51 at a.m. Two layers of clouds, broken at feet and overcast at hinges upon the Strategic Air feet Visibility 15 miles Wind from Command. SAC is the "retaliatory south-southeast at 14 miles an striking force' that is counted up- houri barometer 29.92, falling slow- on to deter Soviet aggression jy. Humidity 54 per cent. SAC s big planes are our chief means of exploiting our only real military advantage, the American lead in atomic and thermo-nuclear weapons. If SAC ceases to be able to deliver those weapons to enemy targets, our military plan- ning will simply cease to make sense. The meaning of the Soviet all- weather fighter is all too simple. SAC will no longer be able to do its assigned job before very long, unless a much greater effort is made to improve SAC in step icith (Continued on Page 2, Column 4) ALSOPS Tractor Crushes Boy, 15, to Death COHASSET, Minn. W) Jack Cronkite, 15, Cohasset, was crushed to death Thursday when the tractor he was operating up-ended as he attempted to cross a roadside ditch into a field. Young Cronkite, son of Mr. and Mrs. John Cronkite, was pinned beneath the tractor. He was em- ployed by Edward Johnson, farmer near Cohasset. The accident was believed to have occurred about noon. Johnson discovered the body about 5 p. m. the allocation of such tax money. Judge Parks held that the board of education correctly and legally took the position that it has no authority to use tax money to aid a school district "wherein a parti- cular school is guilty of sectarian- 6 Japs Burn to Death TOKYO W) Six persons were burned to death today at Hama- matsu, about 150 miles west of here, when fire gutted a restaurant and three houses, the newspaper Asahi reported. ter of a mile away. Two walked out unhurt. The third had only a bro- ken jaw. The Military Air Transport Serv- ice plane was flying from Great Falls, (Mont.) Air Force Base to Lake Charles, La. One of the nine killed was Lt. Elmer Ruhland, 29, Minn. St. Cloud, Ruhland's wife notified the vic- tim's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Peter Ruhland, St. Cloud, that her hus- band had been killed in the crash. Mrs, Ruhland is in Great Falls, Mont., where the flier was station- ed. They have three children. verified at the White House he might call for an extension of present high taxes despite Con- gress' obvious distaste for any such recommendation. What he has to say about the progress of Korean truce negotia- tions, if anything, may depend on developments. The President told a White House news conference yesterday he will speak on the interrelated problems of national security, the budget and expenditures. The White House announced later the speech will be carried by all ma- jor networks from to 10 p. m. EST. It will be the President's first report to the nation from the White House, as distinguished from broadcast speeches to live audi- ences. He said it will be followed about a week later by an informal televised discussion of the purposes which have guided his administra Three Men Riding in the tail section of this B-29 bomber walked away as nine other airmen died in a crash nine miles southwest of Sargent, Neb., Thursday. Wreckage was strewn over half a block as the bomber, en route from Great Falls, Mont., Air Force Base to Lake Charles, La., bounced off a hill and smashed into another. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) minutes without evident progress. Officials recognize that the de- cision to explore the Red attitude in a few more sessions may do i no more than put off a breakdown, j They cling to some hope, how- ever, that evidence may yet be found that the Reds really want a truce and are willing to pay a price for it. Considerable importance is at- tached to whatever they find out ultimately about the Communist attitude because what happens on Korean armistice is a clear key to the whole Communist approach to a settlement of East-West dif- ferences. On this broader prospect, there is relatively little optimism among authorities here, although as Pres- ident Eisenhower stated yesterday the declared purpose and hope of the government is for an easing of tensions between the Russian bloc and the rest of the world. The eagerness with which Mos- cow has played up the outburst of Court Upholds Verdict ST. PAUL W) A jury verdict in favor of Jack S. Weller, 37-year-old Minneapolis public ac- countant, was sustained today by the Minnesota Supreme Court against Northwest Airlines, Inc. Weller was injured Sept. 4, 1949, when he fell between a removable stairway or ramp while embarking from a plane in Chicago. The air- lines firm appealed from an order of District Judge John A. Weeks of Hennepin County district court denying a motion for judgment not- withstanding the verdict or a new trial. Associate Justice Thomas F. Gallagher wrote the unanimous ___ decision, holding the verdict was differences between U. S. and Brit- not excessive and saying Weller tion and what he thinks it hasjish officials this week is regarded j wiu crippled for life and "use. accomplished. One of Eisenhower's objectives in the two talks apparently will be to assure the country that its by some diplomats here as evi> dence they were right all along in seeing a sinister design in the Kremlin's peace drive. This design, basic military security wC" not be many experts believe, is to split damaged by promised spending j the Western Powers at a time slashes. when their united strength presents At the same time, he is expected a serious barrier to Soviet am- to try to explain. why it might be dangerous to cut deeply enough into the arms funds now to elim- inate red ink spending and achieve the balanced budget goal he has said is a major objective of bis administration. Eisenhower will have the oppor- tunity, if he chooses to take it, of blaming the Democratic Tru- man administration for piling up huge fund carryovers which he has complained make it difficult to reduce expenditures in the fiscal year beginning July 1. Arthur Godfrey Undergoes Surgery BOSTON Radio star Arthur Godfrey underwent the first of 'two operations today at Massachusetts General Hospital and officials said he was in "good condition." Details were not disclosed by the hospital in its two brief bulletins about the popular entertainer who is submitting to surgery to correct hip injuries suffered 22 years ago in a traffic accident. bitions. Eisenhower declined yesterday to make an unqualified statement that there must be an armistice in Korea before he will go into a Big Power meeting with Premier Malenkov of Russia. He said in effect he simply did not want to fix any rigid condition. But previously both he and Secre- tary of State Dulles have 'pointed up the truce negotiations as a ma- jor test of Communist intentions. They did this against the back- ground of developments which be- gan with Stalin's death, led to the latest Kremlin peace campaign and at Red insistence, a resumption of the Panmunjom negotiations which had broken down in complete deadlock last October. These circumstances contrived to give broader significance to the Reds' conduct at the truce talks. The central issue has been the same for many the truce agreement would compel all prisoners of war to go home or whether, as the U. N. has in- sisted, those unwilling to return home should be set free. less in an economic whereas he was young, sense healthy and capable of earning a substan- tial living prior to the accident. Two Men Hold Up Baraboo Tavern BARABOO A rural Baraboo tavern was held up by two men, each carrying a revolver, who es- caped with early today. Mr. and Mrs. Ned Dibble, op- erators of the Sportsmen's Bar, said they were alone in the tavern when the men entered, "grabbed at least in cash" and dashed away. U of Wisconsin Gets of Estate SHEBOYGAN (ffl The Univer- sity of Wisconsin will receive one of the four largest gifts in its his- estimated the estate of Mrs, John Detling, for medical research, it was dis- closed Thursday when an inven- tory was filed in Sheboygan Coun- ty Court. Mrs. Detling, an aunt of Gov. Kohler, was the widow of the for- mer president of the Vollrath Co., which Kohler now heads. She died Aug. 13, 1952, at the age of 71. Warns Nation Must Realize Freedom's Value President Gets Honorary Doctor Of Laws Degree WILLIAMSBURG, Va. dent Eisenhower said today "the ;rue way to uproot Communism .s to understand what freedom means." Speaking to an audience of about persons at the College of William and Mary, the President declared that uprooting Commu- nism in that way would help give this nation an impregnable defense against it. Eisenhower also told his audi- ence there is "no security for a xee nation in the sword alone." He said security must spring irom free hearts and free minds. The President spoke after re- ceiving an honorary doctor of laws degree at ceremonies inaugurating Alvin Duke Chandler, a retired rear admiral, as the 22nd presi- dent of William and Mary, the na- tion's second oldest college. Mr. Eisenhower came to historic Williamsburg after an overnight cruise aboard the presidential yacht Williamsburg, and a short motor trip from nearby Yorktown. He planned to utilize the last cruise of the presidential- yacht for a weekend on Chesapeake Bay, including a visit to the Norfolk Naval Base and the Naval Acad- emy at Annapolis, Md., and a chance to confer with staff advis- ers on the radio address he will de- liver Tuesday night on taxes and the budget. The yacht will be turned back to the Navy after this trip for decommissioning as a needless luxury. Before speaking at the college ceremonies, Eisenhower stood in Virginia's hallowed House of Bur- gesses in the restored Colonial capital and called for a rededica- tion to the principles of the De- claration of Independence. Eisenhower's statement that there is no security for a free nation in the sword alone came as he paid tribute to Chandler, the 22nd president of William and Mary. Eisenhower sharply discounted the type of citizen who sums up liberty by saying he is for it "if you don't charge me more than 15 per cent of my income I would like to keep it." The sacrifices Americans must make, Eisenhower declared, "are expressed in terms of taxes." In calling for social leaders to help solve America's population problems, the President declared: "It is not enough that we have ice boxes and long and luxurious cars and country homes because there can be unhappiness in the midst of the greatest luxury." Just before he spoke, the Presi- dent was awarded an honorary doctor of laws degree which cited him as a soldier, statesman, col- lege president, author, artist and sportsman. Eisenhower was the 9th Presi- dent of the United States to re- ceive an honorary doctor of laws degree from William and. Mary. New State Dept. Of Social Welfare Comes Into Being ST. PAUL Minnesota's new Department of Social Welf a re came into being today when Jarle Leirfallom filed his bond and took his oath of office. The last Legislature enacted a law to consolidate the Division of Social Welfare and the Division of Public Institutions, a plank in Gov. Anderson's legislative pro- gram and one of the major pro- posals of the "Little Hoover" (Efficiency in Government) Com- mission. Gov. Anderson appointed Leir- fallom Commissioner of Public Welfare April 29. Today Leirfallom confirmed the appointment of F. W. Nichols, until now state director of social welfare, as Deputy Com- missioner of Public Welfare. Leirfallom said that permanent assignment of division heads can- not be made until all questions of civil service classification and status have been clarified. In the interim, however, he announced the following persons will serve as division directors on an acting basis:
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