Thursday, May 14, 1953

Winona Republican Herald

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 14, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Friday; Warmer Friday VOLUME 53, NO. 74 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, MAY 14, 1953 River M-Hour Changs (Flood Stigt 13) Today 7.12 .08 Year Ago 8.45 .37 TWENTY-FOUR PAGES New Deadlock In Truce Talks Army Cuts July Draft to WASHINGTON UP) The Army draft call for July is the lowest since last June's record low of The July call, issued Wednesday, brings to the number of men drafted or earmarked for in- duction since selective service was resumed after the Korean War started in mid-1950. U.S. Appealing Youngdahi Rule On Laffimore WASHINGTON (.f) The govern- ment announced today it is appeal- ing from a ruling by a federal judge which threw out four of the seven perjury charges against Owen Lattlmore. U. S. Attorney Leo A. Rover told reporters he had recommend- ed the appeal and that it had been authorized by Attorney General Brownell. U. S. District Judge Luther W. Youngdahi ruled out the four per- jury charges in a decision May 2. The principal count he ordered dropped charged that Lattimore, Far Eastern specialist and onetime State Department consultant, had lied when he told a Senate inquiry he had never promoted the cause of Communism. Lattimore's trial is scheduled for Oct. 6, but today's development indicated an indefinite postpone- ment. Waco Tornado Death Tally Climbs to 101 WACO, Tex. known death tally continued to mount to- day as searchers dug deep into the tornado ruins in downtown Waco. Early today the 101th body was freed from the debris. Meanwhile, city officials studied these grim figures: Damages esti- mated at 50 dollars; 196 business and manufacturing build- ings destroyed; other build- ings and homes damaged or de- stroyed. Disaster Relief The report was made last night at a disaster relief committee meeting. The figures were com- piled by an Army Engineers survey team sent here from Dallas. In San Angelo, Tex., where an- other tornado struck shortly before the Waco storm, the toll stood at 10 a total of 111 tornado dead in Texas. The weather remained wet and cold. Two hours of sunlight yes- terday were all Waco had seen since the twister smashed the heart of the business district Mon- day. As the search became better organized state highway patrolmen took over the responsibility for policing the ruined section. They issued special passes and if you didn't have one you couldn't get into the area. Workers Report- Workers reported at least 15 bodies had been dug from the ruins of the R. T. Dennis Furniture Store. Survivors had estimated 30 or more persons were buried in the crumbled wreckage of what had been a five-story building. The 100th body was that of John William Coates, who was talking on the telephone to his pretty red- haired wife, about 24, when the twister pounced. He began to de- scribe the terrifying change in the weather. Then he cried: "Honey, the building's falling The phone went dead. Much of the wreckage in the main business district had been cleared away. The search was moving into buildings on the town square. This section was hit lighter than the main district. a Fire Destroys Turkeys at Frontenac FRONTENAC, Minn. W Fire destroyed turkey poults on the Hoffman Turkey Farm near here early today. The young turkeys had been placed in eleven brooder houses last Saturday. Six of the houses were destroyed and the other five badly charred. An additional turkeys in a nearby field were not injured. The blaze started from a brooder house oil heater. POW Exchange Tents of Reds Being Removed By GEORGE A. MCARTHUR -PANMUNJOM HV-The Commu- nists today said no to the latest Allied plan for exchanging war prisoners and neither side gave any indication of yielding on that last major barrier to an armistice in Korea. Nearby, the Reds tore down Man Loses Battle To Save Brother Gassed in Cesspool ST. PAUL St. Paul man was recovering in a hospital today after losing a battle to save the life of his brother, fatally gassed while cleaning out a cesspool. Leonard F. Herme, 33, the dead man, was in the pit directing opera- tion of a gasoline-driven pump late Wednesday when he sought to climb out. Near the top of a rope he collapsed and fell back into the water. His brother, Elmer, 35, quickly lowered a second rope and went down to aid Leonard but was him- self partially overcome by the heavy gas. He had to be pulled to safety by Douglas Frazer and the latter's son, whose cesspool was being cleaned. Leonard failed to respond to artificial respiration and oxygen. Elmer was taken to Ancker Hospi- tal. Leonard Herme is survived his widow and six children. by tents used for exchanging sick and wounded war prisoners, indicating they're through trading. The Uni- ted Nations center still stands. At today's truce meeting, the Reds called the Allied counterpro- posal to their, eight-point May 7 offer "absolutely unacceptable" and said it "intends to overthrow the basis of negotiations of both sides." The chief Allied negotiator, Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison Jr., an- swered with charges that the Reds illegally took Allied prisoners across the Yalu River into Man- churia and used others for labor troops. Many Differences He charged the Reds with reduc- ing warfare to a "new vicious- ness" by impressing some captives into the Communist armed forces, rather than re- leasing them at the front as the Reds have maintained. After the meeting, he told news- j men: "There still is a complete dif- ference of opinion on the major points." The Allied counteroffer would free North Korean prisoners who refuse repatriation and, under certain conditions, would put help the Carlton Fire Department 500 Chinese in temporary custody j battle the stubborn flames. Steam- of a five-nation commission made j blasting had to be used to control up of Sweden, Switzerland, India, the blaze. Poland and Czechoslovakia. For a time, Ferguson Urges Ike Demand Firm Policy in Korea Fears British Stand Will Discourage Allies By JACK BELL WASHINGTON (Jl-Sen. Fergu- son (R-Mich) today urged Presi- dent Eisenhower to "speak out now" ia an effort to win British support for a firm policy toward the Communists in Korea and else- where in Asia. He made the suggestion in an interview at a time of increasingly bitter transatlantic gibes between lawmakers of the two long-time aEies. Sen. Knowland (R-Calif) yester- day denounced as a "Munich" ap- peasement inviting World War II proposals by Prime Minister' Churchill and Clement Attlee, La- bor party leader. Knowland par- .ticularly objected to any truce j which would leave Korea divided j and lead to admission of Red China into the United Nations. Backing, this up, Ferguson said the President should make a pub- lic statement "that shows our policies do not coincide with those of Churchill and Attlee." Urges Early Statement "An early statement on our stand by the President would be of great the Michigan sen- ator said. "Churchill and Attlee have been advertising to the world where Britain is going to stand in the Korean peace there is a I am fearful this will discourage our al- lies in their efforts to resist com- munism. "But I still hope we can be re- united with Britain and our other allies in a firm stand against the Cloquet sent some apparatus to expansion of communism and the Ike Cool Toward Big Power Talks Pump House at Wrenshall Oil Refinery Burns CARLTON, Minn. W) The main at the International near here was des- troyed in an early-morning blaze pump house Oil refinery Flames broke out about 3 a. m. at the refinery, in Wrenshall. Frank Mattes, Carlton, was burned on the hands and neck in fighting the flames. He was hospitalized at Cloquet. If two months of Red "explana- tions" fail to sway the Chinese the Allies would release them out- right. The Red plan would leave their fate to a high-level, post ar- mistice conference. The U. N. Command carefully weeded out of the Reds' May 7 proposal any provision that could force prisoners home against their will and 'suggested that India be the only nation on the commission to supply troops. At Thursday's one hour and 34- minute session, both sides hurled bitter charges. North Korean Gen. Nam II called the Allied plan "unreasonable and absurd" and said it was simply firemen feared for nearby storage tanks which were filled with diesel fuel, but the steam kept flames from spreading. How Congressmen Voted on Oil Bill WASHINGTON (Jfi Here is how Minnesota congressmen voted as the House Wednesday accepted Senate amendments to a bill giving states title to off-shore submerged natural resources: For Andresen, O'Hara, Judd, Hagen. Against Andersen, Blat- nik, Marshall, McCarthy, Wier. Not a "disguise" to hold prisoners For Smith, Davis, Kersten, Van Pelt, Laird, Byrnes. Against Withrow, O'Konsky, Za- hammered at the Allied proposal blod.j Not )isted _ Hull forcibly. The senior Communist delegate in a long statement that made it clear the Reds found nothing suit- able about it, Twice he referred to the May 7 Red plan as one that would bring the armistice "for which the whole world is longing." Proposal Defended Harrison defended the Allied counterproposal, recounting the ne- gotiations since they, were re- newed April 26 after being broken off last fall. He said the main issue is still the question of releasing all pris- oners immediately aftsr an armi- stice or leaving their fate hanging for the political conference to de- cide. Harrison said the Red truce del- egation is simply the "voice" of its governments and such a con- ference with these governments would be unlikely to agree if the negotiators themselves could not. President is the man to do it." Although Knowland and Fergu- son led the attack on British views as Republican members of the Senate Foreign Relations Com- they were not without some Democratic support. Sen. RusseE top Demo- crat on the armed services com- mittee, said in a separate inter- view he believes U. N. negotiators already have "yielded too much" to the Communists in Korean truce talks. He alluded to the U. N. offer to transfer to a five-nation commis- sion custody of Chinese Commu- nist prisoners who don't want to go home. The U. N. proposal was rejected by the Communists. "I regret to see the softened policy in Russell said. "I am not in favor of the Churchill and Attlee policies, although I as- sume there was a great deal in their speeches which was designed for home consumption." House Group Urges Hike in Ike's Budget For Agriculture Dept. Governments in U.S. Employ 7 Mjllions WASHINGTON Wl The Census Bureau says some per- sons were on federal, state or local government payrolls when it took a survey last October that is, one out of every 22 persons in the United States. Minnesota has federal workers, paid by the state, and local government em- ployes. In Wisconsin, figures showed almost a dead head with working for the U. S. and for the state. Local governments had on their payrolls. House Members Oppose Profits Tax Extension WASHINGTON W) Republicans on the House Ways and Means Committee said today they are ready to oppose solidly any Eisen- hower administration proposal to extend the excess profits tax on business. And Committee Chairman Dan- iel A. Reed (R-NY) indicated his group wiE be "too busy" with other things even to hold hearings within the next few months on a upcoming administration tax pro- gram. Secretary of the Treasury Hum- phrey has promised the adminis- tration would be ready next week to give Congress its recommenda- tions on tax reductions or in- creases, along with detailed esti- mates of prospects for balancing the budget. The administration reportedly has been considering asking for an extensoin of the excess profits tax to help ease an expected budget deficit in the year beginning July 1. GOP members of the ways and means committee reviewed this situation privately at a recent meeting, several of them reported today, and reaffirmed a decision to line up unanimously against any extension of the levy. The committee of 15 Republi- cans and 10 Democrats originates all tax bills in Congress. The ex- an estimated 2Vi billion dollars a year, expires automatically June 30 unless extended by Congress. The GOP committee members said similar strong opposition President Eisenhower walked from the White House to the Old State Department Building next door for today's news conference. He told the reporters that he has no objection to top leaders of the major powers holding a conference but that he would first like to see some evidence of good faith from the Soviet Union. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) McCarthyDemands British Apologize For Attlee Attack By G. MILTON KELLY WASHINGTON McCarthy (R-Wis) said today Britain should apologize for what he termed a "cheap" attack by former Prime Minister Attlee on President Eisenhower and the American said, sat silently last Tuesday while Attlee made "one of the most insulting speeches ever made in the legislative body of a recipi- ent nation against an ally which has been pouring out her economic life blood for practically every other nation on earth." In a speech prepared for Senate delivery, McCarthy declared: "The American people are en- titled to an apology for this cheap, WASHINGTON House Appropriations committee today recommended an Agriculture De- partment budget 1.4 per cent larger than President Eisenhower had asked. It sent to the House floor for de- bate next week a bill to appropriate to finance the Depart- Calling For Her Mother from an Albert Lea, Minn., hospital be.d is little Mary Louise Martinez, orphaned by the Sunday tornado near Hollandale, Minn, Her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Aniseto Martinez, Waco, Tex., and four of their children died in the twister. Martinez came to Hollandale three weeks earlier to work in the asparagus fields. Trying to comfort the youngster is Nurse LaVonna Jacobson. (AP Photo) ment's regular activities for the 1954 fiscal year starting July 1. This is or 5 per cent, less than former President Tru- man asked for in his January budget message. But it is more than the Eisenhower adminis- tration requested in a budget re- vision submitted by Secretary of Agriculture Benson. Future Course Most of the increase over Ben- son's requests was earmarked for establishment of 50 small pilot plant watersheds to determine the future coure to be followed on upstream watershed protection. The Agriculture Department now operates 11 major watershed pro- jects. The Truman budget contem- plated adding seven more. The committee recommended seven million dollars for flood prevention, providing for continuance of work on the 11 existing projects but nothing for the new ones requested by Truman. An additional five millions was earmarked for the pilot plants. In addition to the new cash for regular activities of the Depart- ment, the bill would authorize' loans of 347% million dollars by the Rural Electrification Adminis- tration and the Farmers Home Ad- ministration. This is 17V4 millions less than Truman requested, but 42Vi millions more than Benson asked. All these loans are repay- able. Of the total loans authorized, 185 million dollars is for rural tele- phone and electric cooperatives, 35V4 millions for farm ownership and bousing loans, 120 millions for production and subsistence loans, and seven million for water facili- ties loans. Tornado Damage High FT. WORTH, Tex. a iiour-square-mile area of downtown Waco, Tex., ripped by Monday's tornado, 25 per cent of'415 build- ings are unsafe for occupancy, a team, of Army reports. titled to an apoiogy lor uus tucay, awaits any proposal to raise reg- u d f Ffantastic attack upon ular corporation income taxes as L President and people of the a substitute for the excess idea reported under study at the Treasury. Governor Names Arlo Haering 8th District Judge ST. PAUL now it will be Judge Arlo E. Haering in Minnesota's Eighth Judicial Dis- trict. Governor Anderson named Haer- ing, 50, to the district bench post created by the recent Legislature late Wednesday. The area includes McLeod, Scott, Sibley, LeSueur and Carver Counties. The addition was made because of the pressure of legal business on the one judge now in the district, Harold E. Flynn. Haering, born on a Chaska farm, graduated from University of Minn- esota and was admitted to Conservative party members of the British Parliament, McCarthy U.S., Britain Rift Not Great, President Says WASHINGTON President Eisenhower said today he does not think the rift between Britain and America over dealings with Russia ea is as wide as _________ at a'news con- ference on remarks by Prime Min- ister Churchill and Clement Attlee, Labor Party leader, in House of Commons debate, with special ref- ence to Attlee's assertion that some elements in America oppose a Korean peace. He emphasized that point by permitting direct quotation of this portion of what he said: "I have met no one in America who does not want peace." tice in 1927. He has since practiced law at Waconia and has also served as Carver County attorney. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and fair tonight and Friday. Warmer Friday. Low tonight 42, high Fri- day 64. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the -24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 62; minimum, 33; noon, 58; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) High the last 24 hours was 56 at a. m. today; low 43 at a. m. Two layers of clouds- one at feet, a scattered layer, and another scattered layer at feet. Visibility 15 miles plus. Temperature 56 at noon. Wind from east at 12 miles an hour; barome States. "We are entitled to an explana- tion as to whether the majority party in.Britain agrees with Mr. Attlee, who was rejected by the British people." Senator Shocked One by one McCarthy took up Attlee's reported declarations that "there are elements in the United States that do not want a truce in that the presence of Ei- senhower or any American might "hinder" direct peace talks with the Russians; that "the American Constitution was framed for an isolationist and that "the Americans do not wish to have anything to do with Europe." McCarthy's prepared text con- tained no mention of Attlee's state- ment that "one wonders" whether Eisenhower or McCarthy wields the greater power in U. S. foreign policy. "What shocked McCarthy said, "was that no member of the majority party arose to contest what he had' said." "I shall distribute to whatever senators who desire McCarthy said, "a copy of a picture of Attlee reviewing Communist troops in Spain in 1937 with Communist Gen. Miaja and Commissar Anton, a leader of the Communist party in Spain, all three giving the Commu- nist clenched-fist salute. Comrade Attlee "But lest someone think Attlee's Communist salute was merely an act of courtesy on his part, I have here a letter in Attlee's own hand- writing. He first praises in glowing terms the Communist bri- gade and extolls its devotion to the 'cause of freedom and social justice.' "And listen to this closing para- graph: 'I shall try to tell our com- rades at home of what I have seen.' 'Comrade' is a Communist term meaning fellow Communist." Several times thereafter the text of McCarthy's speech mentioned Attlee as "Comrade Attlee." McCarthy said Attlee welcomed ter 30.08 and falling. per cent. Humidity 43 Churchill's proposal power 'meeting, but for a 'hinted big the Prefers Sign Of Soviet'Good Faith' First All in U.S. Want Peace, President Replies to Attlee WASHINGTON (tf President Eisenhower said today he has no objection to a conference of top leaders of the major powers, but that he would first like to see some evidence of good faith from the Soviet Union. And as yet, he declared, he has jeen no evidence of good faith on the part of the Russians in their talk of wanting world peace. Eisenhower's news conference remarks were in reply to a re- quest for comment on Prime Min- ister Winston Churchill's speech earlier this week urging a high level conference without great de- lay. Eisenhower also declared: "I have met no one in the United States who does not want peace." The President permitted direct quotation of that remark, made in reply to a request for comment on statements by Clement Attlee, for- mer British Prime Minister. Attlee said in the House of Com- mons Wednesday that the Eisen- hower administration's hands were tied in seeking peace in Korea by "elements in the U. S. A. that do not want a settlement." As for Churchill's call for a con- ference of the leaders of the major parties, the President noted that the State Department suggested Wednesday such a conference should await proof of the Soviet Union's sincerity in talking about peace. Eisenhower said the depart- ment's statement was issued with bis approval. Promote Peace His statement today that there has been no evidence of good faith on the part of the Russians seemed to indicate a bit of impatience. The President said emphatically, however, that he was willing to take almost any kind of a- chance to promote peace in the world. On other matters, Eisenhower: Announced he will make a na- tion-wide radio address next Tues- day evening on the security of the nation as related to the federal budget and taxes. The hour for the speech has 'not been set. Said he probably will make an- other report to the nation a week or so later. He said he had in mind a review of what has taken place during his brief administra- tion. Emphasized that his appoint- ment of a new military high cora- mand in no way implies any criticism of the men who are being replaced on the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Endorsed a proposal in Congress to raise the pay of senators and House members by a year. Eisenhower said the time is ap- proaching, with taxes as they are, when it will be difficult to find well qualified men to bid for jobs in Congress. Egypt Charges British Provoke Suez Dispute CAIRO, Egypt lashed back at Britain last night in the increasingly bitter war of words between Cairo and London. She ac- cused British soldiers of killing eight Egyptians and wounding 17 in recent outbreaks of violence in the strategic Suez Canal Zone. An Interior Ministry statement charged incidents in the canal area since March 1 had been due to "the British military's provocative actions." A British military spokesman said' two persons had been killed and two wounded on the British side since April 1. British Minister of State Selwyn Lloyd told the House of Commons in London Tuesday there had been 30 attacks on the British since April 1. The Egyptian casualty figures were announced shortly after Egypt's chief of staff, Lt. Col. Gamal Abdel Nasser, predicted a popular uprising against British forces unless the London govern- ment removes its gar- rison from the canal zone within two or three months. Egypt has demanded uncondi- tional British' evacuation of the zone. Britain says its huge base cower meeting oui iiimcu y. presence of any American would there must be maintained for the only hinder talks." of the free world. Negotiations between the two countries on the dispute broke down a week ago when the British stood fast on de- mands that British techni- cians remain to keep the base in operating condition. The Egyptians said they could do the job with only 500. In his announcement to House of Commons, Lloyd charged that members of the Egyptian Army "at least connived" at at- tacks on Britons. Nasser hit back in a press state- ment accusing the British minister of "fabricating accusations against Egypt." "The Egyptian Army had abso- lutely nothing to do with these in- the statement declared. "These by the way are very been tak- ing place since the British came to Egypt. -r "If we have to reciprocate, can give a large number of cases where the British were brutal, ag- gressive, and inhuman towards the simple, peace-loving Egyptian cit- izens." Nasser made his prediction possible uprising against the Brit- ish in an interview with a visiting newsman. In the past, Nasser has urged guerrilla warfare if the Brit- ish refuse to budge.