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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 8, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Saturday; Temperature Same River Stage 14-Hour (Flood Stag.'13) Today 7.47 .01 Year Ago 10.44 .37 VOLUME 53, NO. 69 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, MAY 8, 1953 TWENTY PAGES Clarification Caroline V. Smith Oldest TC Grad, Dies at Age of 94 Miss Caroline V, Smith, 94, oldest graduate of a Teachers College in Minnesota and instructor in music at the Winona State Normal School now the Winona State Teachers College, from 1887 to 1918, died at p. m, Thursday at the Winona General Hospital. She was taken to the hospital April 17, ill with pneumonia. She had been making her home with a cousin, Mrs. Grace Deering, Minnesota City, for the past five years. i Native of Winona Miss Smith was born in Winona July 14, 1858, the same year Min- nesota became a state and the .same year the state Normal School system was established in Minne- sota with opening of the Winona State Normal School, now the Wi- nona State Teachers College. She was the daughter of Jacob J. Smith and Victoria Daering Smith, pioneer residents of Winona. She was baptized and confirmed at St. Paul's Episcopal Church. Her father was the owner of an extensive steamboat supply store furnishing the passenger boats with everything needed when they stopped here, including groceries, ice and meat. He came to Winona in 1856, first being proprietor here of the Fulton Market and later own- er of a packing plant. Like his daughter, he was active in musi- cal circles, being a member of the Philharmonic Society and of its quartet. The family home still stands at 207 E. Wabasha St. Both parents were born in Germany. Miss Smith was graduated May 19, 1875, from the Winona State Normal School, Henry N, Sibley, president of the Minnesota State Normal School Board and former governor of the state, signed her diploma. William A. Phelps was principal at that time. Becomes Teacher She taught in the district echool in Daering'.s Valley for one year following her graduation and the following year in the district school at Minnesota City. She taught in the Washington and Central schools, Winona, from 1876 to 1880, and then served as penmanship super- visor in the Winona Public Schools V. Smith TODAY Defense Raging By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON In the 1930s, i wrrag order of priorities destroy- ed Britain as a great power and all but destroyed Britain as a nation. The British leaders of the period men of the highest attain- ments and best possible intentions believed their own catch phrase, which excused their long neglect of Britain's defenses: "We. must remember that Bri- tain's first line of defense is Bri- tain's economic strength." Unfortunately, the event proved that a balanced budget would not stop a Panzer division or a Hein- kel bomber, as it cannot be count- ed on today to stop a Soviet TU-4. It is at least highly signifi- cant, therefore, that the same order of priorities seems likely to be officially established by the Eis- enhower administration. The debate has been going on for three months. In the somewhat airless chamber of the National Security Council, the President and the key members of his Cabinet have been wrestling continuously and prayerfully with the same problem of priorities on which Bri- tain foundered. The tentative re- sult and it must be emphasized that it is only tentative is a decision that "economic destruc- tion" is just as much to be feared as national destruction in the more literal sense of the phrase. This debate has been the real, unseen drama of the Eisenhower administration to date. The issues in dispute were first raised in September, 1949, by the explosion of the Soviet atomic bomb. To begin the policy story at its very beginning, the Soviet atomic explosion resulted in March, 1950, in a National Security Council pol- icy paper known as NSC-68. Prev- iously we had relied on our atom- ic monopoly as our sole defense. NSC-68 for 'lie first time establish- ed the principle that Soviet mili- tary power must be in a measure from 1880 to 1886. She was named music and pen- manship instructor at the Winona j Workers At The National Iron Works in West Duluth remove the body of John Tyson, 30, Superior, Wis., who died in an ex- plosion of a smelting furnace. A huge section of a thick brick wall, ripped apart, toppled on Tyson to cause his death. Two other men, working upstairs, were injured. The blast occurred when Tyson pulled a lever to drop slag and red hot coke from the furnace and the mixture apparently landed on some water. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) matched power. by American military President Truman and Secretary of Defense Johnson signed NSC-68 in March, but continued their con- trary policy of American disarm- ament until June, 1950, when the Korean aggression taught them the error of their ways. The Korean War brought NSC-68 into force with a vengeance. As early as 1951, however, a re- examination of NSC-68 was launch- ed in the inner circle, largely on the motion of Secretary of Defense Lovett. This further study by the National Security Council revealed much that was deeply disquieting. Despite the heaviness of our own defense burden, the Soviet mili- tary-industrial effort was still on a greater scale than ours. Mean- while, the. growing Soviet atomic stock and strategic air force were beginning to constitute a very ser- ious threat to this country. Over- all America, once invulnerable, was becoming very vulnerable in- (Continued on Page S, Column 2) AUSOPS Ike Insists Russian Peace Must Respect Rights of All Men NEW YORK President Eisenhower declared last Am- erica stands always ready to meet "any one half-way" in winning a truly peaceful, moral this peace must respect the rights State Normal School in 1887, con-1 of all men. This means "everybody, not only our he said. For example, in Korea, he added, United States policy is dedicated to protecting rights of all people there, including those "only lately the ranks of our tinuing on the faculty until 1918. She headed the music department at that time. For a time, during her service on the faculty, she was in- structor in bookkeeping, physical culture and reading. Miss Smith taught in the summer at various county schools and at the Normal School. la 1898 and 1899, she taught at the School of Meth- ods of the American Book Co., Chicago, and in the .summer of 1896-97 at the University of Minne- sota. She was founder of the Mendels- sohn Club at the Winona State Teachers College, maintained a music bulletin there from 1907 to 1918, and established a two-year music supervision course there in 1914. Rural school music extension work was started under her super- vision there in 1918. Sings in Quartet Miss Smith was active in musi- cal events in Winona. She sang alto in the St. Paul's Episcopal Church quartet from 1876 to 1883, and in the First Congregational Church quartet from 1892 to 1893. She directed the latter choir in various cantatas. She also sang sec- ond alto and served as director of the St. Cecilia quartet from 1893 to 1894. She directed both the Normal School choir and a community chorus in programs. Shortly after the close of World War I, she was advertising mana- ger of an English paper published by the Leicht Press and also its art, music and book page editor. She wrote articles for various state and national music organiza- tions and music and educational magazines, and served as music historian for the Winona County histories. She was music critic for many years for The Winona Re- publican-Herald, the Morning .In- dependent and the Morning Leader. She had served as board member and vice president of the Minne- sota State Music Teachers Associa- tion, as a charter member, secre- tary, vice president and president of the department of music of the Minnesota Education Association, and as chairman of the music com- mittee of the Minnesota Federa- tion of Women's Clubs. Took Business Training Early musical groups in Winona of which she was a member were the Ladies Musical Club, the Men- delssohn Society, the Musical Lit- erary Society of which she .was a charter member and officer, and the Winona Symphony Orchestra board of which she was a charter member. She also was a charter member of the Winona Municipal Band Board and was a member of the Winona County Old Settlers As- sociation. Her business training was taken (Continued on Page 9, Column 8) MISS SMITH fighting in enemies, people that have become our prisoners." The President, here on a four- hour visit during which he ad- dressed two Republican dinners, said Korean prisoners are entitled to the "right of political asylum." "To force these people to go back to a life of terror and perse- cution is something that would vio- late every moral standard by which America he declared. "It cannot be done." Within such limits of "moral rec- titude and he said, is no one that will ever find America's hand of friend.ship hidden." Will Go Half.Way "It will always be Eisenhower said. "It will be ready to meet any one half-way as long as these (moral principles) and not mere words are there to sub- stantiate the sincerity of their pur- pose." Secretary of State John Faster Dulles, also addressing the plate Republican affair, said the United Nations Command is "not prepared indefinitely to continue truce talks with the Communists in Korea." "We earnestly desire and seek an honorable peace in Korea. But we .shall not allow our enemies there to use peace talk as a strata- gem for gaining military advan- tages in their war of he said. Dulles termed it a "shocking thing" that Soviet Russia thus far has refused to agree to a postwar settlement restoring Austria, "the first victim of Hitlerite aggres- to independence. Because of the size of the Re- publican gathering, it had to be split into two hotel at the Astor and at the Wal- dorf-Astoria. The affair grossed the party In parallel talks to both groups, Eisenhower sketched the aims of government foreign policy, and said "it can not merely be a suc- cession of reactions to 'someone else'.s actions." He declared "no foreign policy really deserves the name if it merely reflects actions from some- one else's an allusion to the fluctuations of So- viet policy. Americaa policy, he said, "must be pushed through all kinds of crises. It must not be truculent, but it must be firm and strong. Campaign for Unity Inside Russia Mounts Furious Enough To Suggest Some Inside Crisis By WILLIAM L. RYAN AP Foreign News Analyst A campaign for internal unity, begun just after Premier Georgi M. Malenkov took over, has reached such a furious peak in the Soviet press as to suggest some sort of internal crisis. This cam- paign may explain the sometimes bewildering Soviet peace offen- sive, as well as a tightening up of the Soviet Communist party and government. By the beginning of May, almost every domestic item in Soviet organs had something to do with the-theme of the "inviolable unity of the Soviet people." Interwoven was the theme of the superiority of the Russian people proper and the debt owed them by peoples of the 15 other Soviet republics. The press inveighed, violently against "bourgeois na-- nationalism in any dependent Soviet and an old description of Jews with Zionist leanings. Theme-Repeated Repeated over and over again was this theme: "So long as the friendship of peoples exists and flourishes, we need fear no one. Agents .of imperialism, bourgeois nationalism and cosmopolitanism must be unmasked and elimin- ated." Other articles explain how work- ers from far-flung Soviet prov- inces work together on hydroelec- tric stations and major construc- tion. There is great stress on "rights" guaranteed by the Soviet consti- tution, and upon the idea of "equal rights of all races and nations." The home front propaganda sug- gests that with Stalin's death there were restless stirrings among the peoples of the Ukraine, White Rus- sia, the three Baltic states and the republics of Central Asia. All are being mentioned specifically. This may explain the general tightening up under the Malenkov regime. Each republic government got a shakeup. Russians took over key positions in the republic gov- ernments, and the security forces were overhauled in each. The Com- munist party itself apparently was pruned of unreliable elements. Peace Offensive This also could explain the peace offensive. Previous peace _ cam- paigns were aimed primarily at convincing people abroad of peace- ful Soviet intentions. "This one seems equally concerned with con- vincing the people at home that war is not at hand. In the shadow of possible war, two things might have happened within the Soviet republics. The war threat might have brought on the traditional fatalistic Oriental is coming, so why slave? Two, it could have led those "remnants" of nationalists, of whom the press speaks, to hope their cause is net lost. The thought of the Soviet Union embroiled in war might have recalled the mass defections of the last war, even to the dreaded German enemy. In all this there is a confusing retreat from Stalinism but a retention of Stalinism's more aggressive aspects. The Soviet press seems to be preaching more Lenin than Stalin to Communists abroad. Two Thousand Troops maneuvered in the shadow of this atomic cloud following .the explosion of another nuclear device detonated this morning over a Frenchman Flat firing area in Nevada. Today's bomb drop was made from a B-50 bomber as approximately 100 aircraft circled the target and troops waited yards from ground zero. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Officers And Men of the British 'Ninth General Hospital Army Emergency Reserve attempted to help float a packetboat beached at Walton on the Britain's east coast, .Tuesday. The.craft. remained beached. The boat went aground while helping refloat another craft which grounded at, the same spot. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) Eagle Bend Grain Elevator Burns EAGLE BEND, Minn. This village's only grain elevator burned to the ground early today, the loss including considerable corn and oats stored in the structure. Sheriff Warren Galvin of Todd County headed an investigation. Three Hose lines were used by volunteer firemen in battling the flames at the McGuire Elevator Co. The fire, which started at about a.m., was out of control by the time firemen arrived. Deputy Sheriff Jim Bain. Long Prairie, said the firemen at the height of the blaze feared for some bulk gas tanks and two homes near the elevator. However, flames were kept from spreading and the smoldering mass of charred wood and grain was considered safe by mid-morning. McManus Agrees To Take Counsel Court Assigns CANANDAIGUA, N. Y. Eugene McManus, admitted slayer of five, respectfully agreed to ac- cept court-assigned counsel today as he made a brief appearance in state supreme court on a first- degree murder charge. The 18-year-old Valley Stream, L. I., youth, who seemed cabn and rested, was in court only a minute. Justice H. Douglass Van Duser adjourned the case until Wednes- day, and indicated that he would assign counsel, accept McManus' plea and set a trial date at that time. McManus, son of a brewery firm executive, was declared sane Thursday. Simultaneously, an On- tario County Grand jury indicted him in the death of William A. Braverman, 19, of Rochester, first of the five persons McMahus- had admitted killing. McManus' statements said he shot and killed two persons in Illinois and two in Minnesota so that he could get enough money to marry Diane Marie Weggeland, his 16-year-old sweetheart. Tractor Kills Farmer NORTH BRANCH, Minn. Iff) H. T. (Ted) Eckelin, about 60, farmer near Spring Lake, five miles west of North Branch, was found dead beneath his overturned tractor late Thursday. Eckelin had been discing his field. The tractor had plunged into a draw. Eckelin is survived by his widow. A-Blast Flash Out-Dazzles Nevada Daylight LAS VEGAS, Nev. (Si An atomic test device exploded with a flash that out-dazzled the day- light at a.m. today at the Ne- vada Proving Grounds. The lingering flash, plainly visi- ble in this resort-gambling city 75 miles away, indicated that this, the eighth detonation in the Atomic Energy Commission's spring ser- ies, was one of the brightest. The atomic mushroom cloud formed immediately. Two and a half minutes after the detonation a beautiful cloud soared upward to about feet. First indications were that the blast took place at Frenchman Flat, and that it was a tower shot or an extremely low air drop. The tremor from the shot reach- ed Las Vegas about five minutes afterward. Hixton Woman's Body Taken Off Wrecked Vessel HARWICH, England bodies pulled from the wreckage of the British steamer Duke of York were identified today as those of American Gilda Jordet, 49, of Rocky Ford, Colo., and Miss Bernice Viola Larson, 49, of Hixton, Wis. Another body found pinned in a stateroom was believed to be that of a third American passenger, Miss Ann Spring, whose U. S. pass- port was found nearby. One report identified her as a secretary at the U. S. Army Department in Wash- ington but there were indications that she may have been on duty with the Army in Germany. Five persons were known to have died in the collision of the ton Duke of York and the ton American freighter Haiti Vic- tory in'the North Sea before dawn Wednesday. Some 500 passengers and crewmen of the British ship a number of Americans saved. Twelve persons were injured. The other known dead were an unidentified man whose body was pulled from the steamer's wreck- age yesterday and an English- woman passenger, Mrs. Argo Ans- dell, who died in aJiospital Wednes- day. U. S. Reported Preparing Own Truce Proposal Would Bar Poles, Czechs From Korean Guard Duty By JOHN M. HIGKTOWER WASHINGTON UP) The United States was reported today to have instructed the United Nations com- mand in Korea to seek clarifica- tion of some provisions of the eight-point Communist plan for handling prisoners of war after an armistice. Authoritative informants indi- cated that this step was prelimi- nary to the expected formulation of U. N. counter proposals which would aim at: 1. Eliminating a section of the Communist plan under which Com- munist Poland and Czechoslovakia would be permitted to put troops into South Korea for the purpose of helping handle prisoners of war who refused to go home. 2. Providing some arrangement which would assure freedom with- in a reasonable time for those POWs now estimated at who_ refuse to return. President Eisenhower, who heJd an urgent conference on the Ko- rean truce situation with his top military and diplomatic advisers late Thursday, met with his full Cabinet in regular weekly session today and had further opportunity to discuss the situation with top policy-makers. No announcement was made. However, it was understood the consensus was that some provi- sions of the Red plan were unac- ceptable, but that further negotia- tions could be carried on with counter proposals. Strong objection was apparent to a provision under which two Euro- pean Communist countries, Czecho- slovakia and Poland, would intro- duce troops into South Korea. Those two, along with Switzer- land, Sweden and India, would be members of a "Neutral Nations Repatriation each of which would provide armed forces to insure "effective execution" of the duties of the commission. Also considered undesirable is a provision to submit to a political conference on a permanent Korean settlement the fate of prisoners of war who remained determined not to return to their homelands. Verdict To Woman Injured In Crash Upheld ST. PAUL ffl A verdict to a former Minneapolis woman permanently disabled -after a bus accident was upheld today by the Minnesota Supreme Court. Mrs. Florence Nelson, who now lives in West Los Angeles, Calif., was caught in the door of a bus in Minneapolis on. Oct. 23, 1947. Her physician found she had suffered back and shoulder sprains and X-rays taken a few days later, according to the court record, showed she was suffering from a disease involving decalcification of the bones. In appealing from the Hennepin Comity District Court verdict, the Twin City Motor Bus Company con- tended it had not been clearly ex- plained to the jury that damages should be allowed only for "ad- ditional injury." The company ar- gued further that this omission re- sulted in the jury allowing dam- ages for injuries attributable to the bone disease, which existed before the accident, as well as those caused by the accident. The Supreme Court held that jury "could reasonably find that the aggravation of her disease" as a result of the accident "accounts entirely for the disability which she now sustains and will sustain for the rest of her normal WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair to- night and Saturday. Not much, change in temperature. Low to- night 52, high Saturday 76. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the hours ending at 12 m. today: -Maximum 80; minimum, 54; noon, 80; precipitation, none; sun sets .tonight at. sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Ctntral Observations) Maximum temperature 79 at a. m. today; minimum 55 at a. m. Noon readings Sky clear, visibility 12 miles; wind 5 miles per hour from north; humidi--" ty 34 per cent; barometer 29.90, failing slowly.
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