Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 7, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Continued Mild Tonight and Friday River Stage 14-Hour (Flood 13) Today 7.48 .03 Year Ago 10.81 .51 VOLUME 53, NO. 68 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, MAY 7, 1953 TWENTY-FOUR PAGES Air Force Chief Vandenberg Quits American Troops, captured in the early days of the Korean War, were under heavy guard and were forced to carry Com- munist banners as they paraded along a main street in Seoul, South Korean capital then in enemy hands. This picture was ob- tained by Life Magazine which said it would be too dangerous at the present time to reveal the source or the circumstances under which it was obtained. (AP Wirephoto from Life Magazine to The Republican-Herald) Reds Yield on Prisoner Issue By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN PANMUNJOM Commu- nists today unveiled a new com- promise plan to break the Korean truce deadlock and the Allies im- mediately asked time for top schelon study. The eight-point proposal flatly iccepts one insistent Allied de- Communist pris- oners who refuse to go home be left in Korea after an armistice Fighting Eases On Korean Front, Patrols Careful By M1LO FARNETI SEOUL N. and Commu- nist armies facing each other across the twisting Korean War front seem to be operating these days under the philosophy: Live and let live. The general rule today is to pinch and jab the other fellow only enough to determine if he still lies under wraps. There is nothing to indicate that Lt. Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor and Gen. Peng Teh-huai, American and Chinese ground commanders, are timed in on the armistice ne- gotiations at Panmunjom. But neither do their infantrymen insist strongly on fighting once, they meet on patrols in no-man's land. Generally they walk out into the barren rice fields each day and night only to guard against any sudden assault on main lines. American divisions reported only two brief touchings this morning on the Western Front, the key area on the peninsula for both ar- mies. International Fails Temperature 84 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS International Falls, one of the nation's "ice box" points, vied with Los Angeles and Miami Wednesday for warm weather. The northern border city saw its thermometers rise to 84 above, the same reading Los Angeles enjoyed. Miami had only one degree warmer weather. The May "heat wave" promised to send temperatures even higher today, with more warm weather in store for Friday. Bemidji, which also has gained recognition for cold weather, came in second Wednesday with 82. The Twin Cities had 81. All other Minne- sota points were well into the 70s. rather than sent to a neutral coun- try. And it offers other concessions. Even though the Reds made it clear the Allies must accept all or nothing, this appeared to be the first major break since the truce talks reopened April 26 in an effort to agree on exchange of prisoners, last major barrier to an armi- stice. Important Proposal Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison, chief Allied delegate, said: 'This is an important proposal that merits careful and con- siderable thought. "Our major decisions must be made by the governments them- selves." The next meeting is scheduled for 11 a. m. Saturday. Harrison gave no clue as to of- ficial U. N. reaction. He said any comment he might make would be premature. The Red plan contains two con- cessions to Allied demands: 1. A five-nation neutral repatria- tion commission to take in the Reds who won't go home. The Reds suggested Sweden, Switzerland, Poland, Czechoslovakia and India. 2. A total of four or six months rather than nine for those prison- ers to hear Red explanations and perhaps decide to go home. At the end of that time, the future of those remaining would be decided by a political conference of war- ring nations, as the Reds have demanded. Role for India Should the Allies accept the Red proposal, they would drop their previous nomination of Pakistan as a single neutral custodian. They first proposed Switzerland and Sweden. The Reds turned down both, but included them in the five-nation commission proposed Thursday. If the five-member commission plan were adopted, India undoubt- edly would play a key role. Poland and Czechoslovakia were nomina- ted by the Communists to a sep- arate neutral-nation armistice su- pervisory commission and Sweden and Switzerland were the Allied choices to the same commission. The Communist offer on the time for processing prisoners provided that those wanting to go home would be sent back within two months and disposition of the oth- ers would be settled in four months. Previously, the Reds had asked for the initial two months, plus one month to transport unwilling prisoners to a neutral state plus six months for their to- tal of nine. The Allies had proposed a two- month period to settle the fate of all prisoners. 5 Lost Lives In North Sea Ship Collision Hixton Woman Among Those Feared Dead HARWICH, England Five persons lost their lives in the North Sea collision that sliced the bow off the British Steamer Duke of York. Four bodies remained un- identified today and it was feared that three American women may be among the dead. Twelve passengers, including two U. S. Air Force officers, were injured, but approximately 500 passengers and crewmen were rescued from the British ship after the collision with the American Freighter Haiti Victory 40 miles east of this port city. Workers cut their way into the Home at Hixton LA CROSSE, Wis. Mrs. William Regez said today her sister. Miss Larson, had been teaching in the Anchorage ele- mentary schools for about five years but was recently tour- ing Europe. Miss Larson, 49, taught at Sturgeon Bay and in grade schools at Clear Lake, Polk County, and Cameron, Barren County. The family home is at Hixton in Jackson County. In addition to Mrs, Regcz, Miss Larson has two broth- ers, Edwin Larson, Northfield, Jackson County and Lawrence A., Chicago. mangled hull of the Duke of York after tugs nudged the ship into a berth. The workers removed the bodies of two women and a man. A spokesman for British Railways, owner of the ship, said the body of another woman was pinned in the wreckage. Hixton Woman Police found the passports of three American women in the wreckage of the ship. They were Miss Gilda Jordet of Rocky Ford, Colo., Miss Viola Larson of Hix- ton, Wis., and Miss Ann Spring, for whom no home town was given. Miss Jordet and Miss Larson have been listed as missing. A body rescue workers believed to be that of Miss Spring was removed from the wreckage late today. The only victim identified thus far is Mrs. Argo Ansdell, 54, an Englishwoman who died Wednes- day night. Miss Larson and Miss Jordet (were traveling with Mrs. Norma JHoyt of Anchorage, Alaska, where Miss Larson teaches school. Mrs. Hoyt and her son, Harold, 13, were rescued after being trapped in the wreckage for five harrowing hours. Miss Jordet is Mrs. Hoyt's sister. Mrs. Hoyt, who formerly lived ;it I Finley, N. D., told today how warm boiler water sloshed around in her stateroom just across the hall from Miss Jordet and Miss Larson. "I jumped down into the Mrs. Hoyt said. "It was only about four inches deep at first but it was slopping around and very warm. Pitch Dark "I hollered into the other door, where my sister was. No one answered. It was pitch dark. So I said to Harold 'Let's get dressed.' "Then we climbed on top of out bedding and called and called. After a while someone answered. 'Keep he said, 'and well soon have you out.' "A lady in cabin 233 kept calling to us all the time. She didn't give her name, but she cried 'Oh, I'm in agony.' "The lady kept calling and it was awful, just awful. So Harold and I sang a hymn and then we said 'The Lord is my shepherd' right through." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair and continued mild tonight and Friday. Low tonight 44, high Friday 75. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations ior the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 76; minimum, 55; noon, 75; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) High temperature last 24 hours up to noon today was 73 at a. m., low was 51 at a. m. to- day. There is a thin broken layer of clouds at visibility is 12 miles, noon temperature 73, ba- rometer 29.91, falling slowly, wind calm and humidity 43 per cent GOP Breaking Even Financially, Report WASHINGTON OB F. Peavey Heffelfinger of Minneapolis, na- tional finance chairman of the Republican National Committee, told President Eisenhower today the party "is "just about even" financially. Heffelfinger said the two New York dinners the Presi- dent will address tonight would put the party in the black. He told reporters he talked with the President about a number of other dinners planned to raise money and also proposals to widen the base of the party to reach people who would like to donate but have not yet been contacted. The Republican party has set a goal of for 1953 for the national Senate and House cam- paign committees. Progress Seen In Bid For Spanish Bases By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON W) U. S, offi- cials today expressed hope that preliminary agreement may be reached in about two months to swap American aid for Spanish air and naval bases. Authorities said negotiations are proceeding in a satisfactory man- ner and it is thought the Franco government, after a year of talks, probably has made a firm deci- sion to complete the deal. The hope here is that this may be reflected soon in a written un- derstanding, even though more time may be required to work out specific agreements covering: 1. U. S. use of half a dozen naval and air bases on Spanish terri- tory as a means of strengthening the defenses of Western Europe. 2. An economic aid-program for Spain. 3. A military aid program for Spain. Secretary of State Dulles told the House Foreign Affairs Com- mittee yesterday that negotiation had recently taken "a turn for the better." He did not explain how this had come about. James C. Dunn, veteran diplo- mat sent to Madrid a month ago as the new ambassador there, re- turned to Washington last week- end to report to President Eisen- hower and Dulles on agreement prospects. He has been in confer- ence with State Department offi- cials this week. Buckingham Palace Garden Stand Falls LONDON UP) A small tempo- rary stand in the garden of Buck- ingham Palace collapsed today shortly before Queen Elizabeth II presented new colors to the first and second battalions of the red- coated Grenadier Guards. No one was injured. The stand gave way when the small crowd invited to the cere- mony stood up as the Duke of Edinburgh, the Queen's husband, and Princess Margaret, her sister, came out to take seats on a nearby dais. The ceremony went off as scheduled. McManus Ruled Sane, Ordered To Stand Trial Faces Arraignment Friday for N.Y. Slaying CANANDAIGUIA, N. Y. (X Fred E. McManus, who admitted killing five persons on a cross- country trip, was adjudged sane today and ordered to stand trial on a first-degree murder charge for the slaying of his first victim, a college student, "There is not the slightest doubt that McManus is District Attorney Thomas Croucher said of the 18-year-old Marine from Valley Stream, L. I. Croucher said McManus would be brought here from Willard State hospital late today and be arraign- ed Friday. A plea of innocent to a first- degree murder charge is manda- tary in New York state. Conviction carries a mandatory sentence of death in the electric chair. An Ontario County grand jury returned a murder indictment to- day against McManus in the death of William A. Braverman, 19, of I Rochester, who was found shot to j death March 27 in a gravel pit i near Rochester. I McManus, son of a brewery! executive, was brought here a I month ago from Dubuque, la., where he and his 16-year-old sweet- heart were picked up March 31. The youth- told police Braver- man was the first of five persons he shot to death. He took Braver- man's auto and killed the others to get money so that he and Diane Weggeland of Marion, Rochester suburb, could be married, he said. Diane, who eaid she knew about some of the slayings but loved McMa-nus just the same, has been committed to WestEield State Farm at Bedford Hills. Besides Braverman, the holdup victims were George Bloomfield, 56, and his wife, Florence, 55, at Keeneyville, III., and Mrs. David Bea.ston, 43, and Harriet Horsman, 48, at Spring Valley, Minn. A-Blasts Not Cause Of Heavy Rains, Claim NEW YORK blame the atomic test blasts for the abnormal rainfall this year, says Ernest J. Christie, head of the New York weather bureau. He said any number of persons believe the Nevada explosions are responsible. Congressmen Talked with Gen. Omar Bradley just before the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff went behind closed doors to tell the House Foreign Affairs Committee in Washington his views on President Eisenhower's proposed foreign aid program. Rep. Robert Chiperfield right, is chairman of the committee, and Rep. John M. Vorys left, a member. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) I Indonesia to Send Goods to Red Poland JAKARTA, Indonesia (ffl Indo- nesia agreed Wednesday night' to ship dollars worth of rubber, tin and other raw materi- als to Communist Poland. In re- jturn she will get an equivalent amount of machinery and other technical goods. The pact, effec- tive May 1, represents a 50 per cent increase over a previous agreement which expired at the end of 1952. De Gaulle Scuttles Own Political Party By CHARLES LANE PARIS Charles De Gaulle once more was a lone figure on the sidelines of French public life today as he scuttled his ultracon- servative political party after its shellacking in recent local elections. The tall 63-year-old hero of World War U announced last night that his important, 84 deputies in the National Assem- :ould continue any political bly. _ actions they wished, but under their own names only. He emphasized that officially the Gaullist Rally of the French no longer a political party. Instead, he said, he would return to his original crusade for the "regeneration" of France. The RPF now becomes an "advance guard for regrouping the people to change the regime." Obvious Inferences The inference was Gaulle, apparently, still hoped that eventually the French would get fed up with their multitude of par- ties and frequent changes of gov- ernment and would turn to him as the "strong man." It was not yet known how the 84 still-faithful Gaullist deputies now would line up in the compli- cated French political picture. The to now the hope of the far his follow- ers to move left and think more about social problems. After issuing his statement to the press, De Gaulle returned to his usual isolation at his villa at Colombey-les-Deux-E g 1 i s e s, 180 miles east of Paris. His friends said he would talk with the heads of all political parties and even- tually make a 'new announcement as to his intentions. The general, who never has bothered to hide his distaste for politics, evidently became com- pletely fed up after his poor show- ing in the April 26 municipal elec- tions. In the big cities that Sunday, the RPF drew only 10.6 per cent of the vote. In 1947, when the party was still in swaddling clothes, they racked up 25.8 per cent. An analysis of the runoff vote in smaller towne last Sunday has not yet been made but the trend was expected to continue. The RPF was the largest single party in parliament until a revolt within the faction last summer. The autocratic De Gaulle refused to make the concessions required to form the only kind of cabinet can rule the present hodge-podge of French politics. Congress Willing To Send Aid, Not Men to S. E. Asia By RUSSELL BRINES WASHINGTON members of Congress were agreed to- day that .the U. S. should extend new aid to threatened Southeast Asia, but little support was evident for a suggestion that military forces as w'ell as equipment be sent. The Communist-led drive through the kingdom of Laos m French Indochina continued to dominate------------------------------------------- consideration of Judges Reverse District Court At Minneapolis Gen. Twining Will Take Over Post June 30 First Change in Joint Chiefs Under Eisenhower WASHINGTON UP! The House announced today Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg is retiring as Air Force Chief of Staff and will be succeeded by Gen. Nathan F. Twining. Twining at present is Vice Chief of Staff. Assuming the Senate con- firms his appointment, he will step up to the top Air Force post June 30, when Vandenberg's term ex- pires. This is the first change in the Joint Chiefs of Staff since Eisen- hower took office, and the White House gave no indication whether it would be followed by other changes. Nominated to succeed Twining as Vice Chief of Staff was Lt. Gen. Thomas Dresser White, who would get a fourth star. Twining's appointment is for-the usual two years. In advance of the White Houst announcement, the Air Force re- leased an exchange of letters be- tween Vandenberg and Secretary of Air Harold E. Talbott in which Talbott said that he had approved Vandenberg's retirement "with re- luctance." Vandenberg, now 54, pointed out in his retirement request that he has served more than 34 years and that the last five have been as Chief of Staff. congressional President Eisenhower's proposed foreign aid program for next year. Gen. Omar Bradley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and Secretary of Defense Wilson give further details of the global mili- tary situation today in closed ses- sions before the House Foreign Af- fairs and Senate Foreign Relations Committees. Secretary of State Dulles told both groups yesterday the govern- ment is discussing with interested governments the question of tak- ing the new Red attacks to the United Nations. Eyes on U.N. At tie U. N. in New York City, some Asians said the situation might be brought up under Article 34 of the U. N, Charter. This pro- vides that the Security Council may investigate any situation of this sort to see if it imperils world peace. A House subcommittee simul- taneously recommended that the French' Indochina war be placed under U. N. jurisdiction. The re- port was prepared by four con- gressmen who were in Indochina when the Communists struck at Laos, gateway to Thailand and the rest of rich Southeast Asia. Sen. Knowland (R-Calif) yester- day told Dulles "not to foreclose the possibility of using our air and naval power" if such action proved necessary to stop conquest of Southeast Asia. Dulles said this country has no plans to send American troops to the new trouble theater. Rep. Brooks of Louisiana, a ranking Democrat on the House Armed Services Committee, said it shouldn't plan to. "We shouldn't wait on the United he said in an interview. "We should send equipment at once to Laos, Indochina and per- haps no troops. We might have a certain use of sea- power for blockade." Opposes Sending Man Rep. Hebert (D-La) said he sup- ported materiel aid but "under no circumstances let one American life be risked." Rep. Bates (R-Mass) said the question of actual U. S. participa- tion should depend upon an an- strategy. The armed services committee chairman, Rep. Short is uaj in favor of using American mill- was A. C. Richardson, a practicing tary power, if necessary, to save attorney here who served the Southeast Asia, Meanwhile, there were indica- 1945. tions Congress will ask for sharp UOnS JJOHgTcSS WIUL aofl. J.ui oua-ty accounting of proposed foreign aid County Bar members approved expenditures. the name of John 0. Peterson, Dulles said the total could not Albert Lea attorney. Peterson be lowered without risking "in the served as a state senator in the very near future spending more years 1928-32 and also has been money in terms of our own na- Freeborn County attorney, tional defense." The FiUmore County Bar As- Neither the senators nor congress- sociation's plebiscite result still is men obtained from Mutual Secu- to be announced. Governor Ander- rity Director Harold E. Stassen a son had asked for_reeommenda- firm figure on the amount of mon- tions after naming Judge Nelson ey that might be spent on over- to the high tribunal. seas assistance next year. Judge Nelson becomes an as- The Eisenhower administration sociate justice in the place of Fred has asked Congress to authorize Dell, Fergus Falls, replacing new appropriations of Charles Loring, the chief justice 000. who is retiring. ST. LOUIS U. S. Court of Appeals Wednesday upheld the right of Charles E. Kiewel, Minne- apolis brewery president, to re- fuse to answer grand jury questipn- ing, thus reversing conviction for contempt by the U. S. District Court at Minneapolis. Kiewel. president of the Minne- apolis Brewing Co., was found in contempt on Dec. for refus- ing to answer certain questions in a crime inquiry. Kiewel stated that his answers might tend to incrim- inate himself. The jury bad sought to learn how certain company funds had been distributed. Judge Caskie Collet of the U. S. Appeals Court wrote in his opinion that "as authorities demonstrate, once the fact appears that the witness has reasonable ground to apprehend danger from answering certain questions great latitude must be allowed him in judging for himself the effect of any partic- ular question." Judge John Sanborn wrote a con- curring opinion. The Minneapolis court bad de- clared that Kiewel would be fined and reserved the right to administer further punishment if Kiewel failed to purge himself of contempt. Attorneys Select Choices to Replace Judge Nelson AUSTIN, Minn. UP! Two former county attorneys today held Bar Association endorsements for ap- pointment to the District Court to be vacated July 15 when lion snouia aepena uyuu au berth to De vacatea juiy wucu alysis of the Communists' world Martin A. Nelson is ad- yanced to the Supreme Court. Mower County lawyers Wednes- day night announced their choice county for 12 years, from 1933 to Earlier Wednesday, Freeborn Lt. Nathan F, Twining U.S. Speeches Defend U.N. UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. Hi- President Eisenhower's top U. N. representatives have launched a series of hard-hitting speeches de- signed to offset what they call a "smear campaign" against the world organization. Chief U. S. Delegate Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. laid the founda- tion for the series three weeks ago when he vigorously supported the United Nations in a speech before the American Society of News- paper Editors in Washington. Since then Lodge's chief deputy James J. Wadsworth, had made several speeches sharply challeng- ing U. N. critics. Both Lodge and Wadsworth have a busy schedule in the next few weeks, beginning with a speech by Lodge tonight before the Catholic Press Association in Atlantic City, N. J., and one tomorrow by Wads- worth before the American Vet- erans Committee in New York. In speeches at Minneapolis and Bismarck, N. D., Tuesday and Wednesday Wadsworth indicated the concern felt by the adminis- tration. He blamed the attacks on small, energetic groups but said such at- tacks "have never been bolder or attracted more attention." Most of the fears, Wadsworth said, are being stirred by "false information which is widely circu- lated by groups whose past experi- ence in racist hate campaigns has given them great talent in the technique of the undocumented smear." He did not identify these groups. Wadsworth said it had come to his knowledge that some persons had received letters bearing stick- ers saying "The United Nations treason." "In my Wadsworth said, "it is time that we consid- ered as moral treason attacks on the United Nations which ara based on lies."