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Winona Republican Herald Newspaper Archive: May 6, 1953 - Page 1

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   Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 6, 1953, Winona, Minnesota                              Fair, Mild Tonight and Thursday VOLUME 53, NO. 67 Rfver Stage (Flood Stage 13) M-Hour Today Year Ago 7.45 .25 11.32 .40 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY 6, 1953 TWENTY-TWO PAGES NO PROGRESS IN KOREAN TRUCE TALKS Reds Reject Offer to Free Some Prisoners By ROBERT TUCKMAN PANMUNJOM U. N. truce negotiator today said "zero" prog- ress had been made toward a Ko- rean armistice after the Reds re- jected a proposal to free North Korean prisoners who refuse to go home after a truce is signed. The Reds again ignored the Al- lied nomrnation of Pakistan as neu- tral custodian of prisoners who refuse to return to their Com- munist homelands. Instead. Gen. Nam II charged the Allied proposal was "void of reason" and "unworthy of refuta- tion." He reiterated the Red de- mand that balking captive; be shipped to a neutral nation and that the fu-nctions of the neutralj be ironed out before deciding any- j thing else, I Lt Gen. William K. Harrison Jr. i suggested that the North Ko- j reans be freed immediately after j a truce is signed and that they be j given civilian status so they could j settle anywhere in Korea. i May Hear Compromise j He made no mention of Chinese i captives who refuse repatriation. Some observers speculated that the U. N. Command might be willing to listen to a compromise plan which would send Chinese to the neutral custodian while leaving Ko- reans in Korea. The Reds want all sent bodily to the neutral nation pend- all Thc Most Rev. Edward A. Fitzgerald, bishop of Winona, sprinkles the steps of the Cathedral of the Sacred Heart at the 8 a.m. blessing today. Just behind the bishop to his right is the Rt. Rev. Julius W. Haun, and at the right of the picture is the Rt. Rev. George H. Speltz. w Religious Rites Dedicate Sacred Heart Cathedral By MARILYN GILBERTSON Republican-Herald Church Editor In ceremonies of solemn religious rites and colorful pageantry, the first cathedral of the Diocese of Winona was dedicated this morning. tta. 1 wuaflt to The Cathedral of the Sacred Heart was blessed at 8 a. m. today by the Most Rev. tteir fears have been! Edward A. Fitzgerald, bishop of Winona, who celebrated the pontifical low mass fol- the blessing. go home once quieted by explanations. The U. N, says the captives must j.nt OVK-JH.H remain in Korea under neutral su- j coadjutor archbishop of Dubuque and former coadjutor bishop and apostolic ad- ig tne uicaoing. The solemn pontifical mass was offered at a. m. by the Most Key. .beo pervision until they make up their minds where they want to go. Many POWs have vowed to kill themselves rather than leave Ko- rea, the Allies said. After Harrison made his pro- posal, the Reds took a one hour and 48 minute recess. Nam re- turned and rejected it in angry tones. TODAY Party Not Happy at Budget Cut ByJOSEPHandSTEWART ALSOP Republican congressional leaders are frankly dissatisfied with President Eisen- hower's eight and a half billion dollar cut in the Truman budget. According to indisputable report, it was not at all a happy party at j the White "House when the new j economy program was unveiled j for Sen. Taft, Speaker Martin and j the others. For his part, the President must i have been conscious of having tak- en enormous and really terrifying risks, in order to slash defense and foreign aid spending so deep- ly. But in the eyes of the con- gressional bigwigs, the slash was not nearly deep enough. It would not assure an imme- diately balanced budget. It would not give room for the kind of tax reductions Congress wants, espe- cially for next year. It was still just a cut in a Truman program, and not a brand new Eisenhower program promising this country much more security at much less cost. Such was the litany of the leaders' complaints, made some- what sharper by the vagueness that marked the presentation of the President's plan. Badger House Passes Bill for Toll Road, 76-16 MADISON After two hours of wrangling, the Assembly con- curred in a bill calling for con- struction of a toll road in Wiscon- sin from the Illinois state line to the Minnesota boundary. The vote was 76-16. It followed long debate and maneuvering in which eight amendments were re- jected and efforts to delay final approval were turned back. The bill passed the Senate, 27-3, April 16. The toll road, estimated to cost about million, would parallel Highway 12. Morrislown Man Burns to Death, Building Razed MORRISTOWN, Minn. UB An aged man burned to death and Morristown's weekly newspaper was put out of business by fire that razed a two story building on the town's main street early today. Dead was George Goar, in his 70s, who occupied living quarters on the second floor of the 25 by 80- foot wood' and brick veneer build- ing. The entire roof was ablaze when Morristown volunteer firemen ar- rived on the scene. Flaming tim- bers and roofing crashed to the ground floor, occupied by the Mor- ministrator of the Winona Diocese. The Most Rev. William T. Mul- loy, bishop of Covington, Ky., preached the sermon, and the Most Rev. John Gregory Murray, arch- bishop of St. Paul and metropolitan of the Province of Minnesota and North and South Dakota, presided. About persons were pres- ent for the procession of priests, archbishops and bishops and for the solemn mass. Thirty Knights of Columbus in full dress formed the guard of honor for the 100 priests and mon- signori and the archbishops and bishops who entered the church in procession. The plumed hats and swords of the Knights, the red birettas and capes of the bishops and the jeweled and embroidered vestments of those participating in the mass gave color to the cere- Several curious interesting lines I ristown Press of thought are suggested by this Firemen succeeded in saving the high y significant episode. For ex-1 town.s post0ffice located next door, ample, it explains the agitation j Flames which spread to the roof by Sen. Taft and others for extinguished while volunteers 21 in- ?1S- 2 i removed all belongings except a Staff. The present Joint Chiefs'! neavy.safe have failed to devise a national security system with a bargain basement price tag. The conviction is firmly held that such a system is somehow feasible (hence the demand for an "Eisenhower pro- If the old Joint Chiefs cannot achieve this miracle, then we must get some new ones. This is the current mood. The existence of this impatient mood in turn speaks volumes about the future relation between the Presi- dent and the Congress. The President has stated his The but it is believed to have started while Goarj prepared breakfast about a.m. The fire was dis- covered a half hour later. Gear's body was found in the newspaper press room where it had fallen apparently when the floor gave way. Scott Laird, publisher of the Press, one time Winona newspa- perman, estimated his loss at partially covered by insur- was owned by ,A theory of the right way to Argavel estate. Loss was not determined. ls 12 mlles west of Fanbault, Minn, Hong Kong to Ship July 4 Firecrackers HONG KONG (ffl This British crown colony is going to help the United States commemorate its declaration of independence from the British Empire on July 4. Trade sources estimate that one million dollars worth of Hong Kong firecrackers will be shipped to the U. S. this year a new all-time record. with the Congress in simple lan- speak my piece, and then it's up to them." It is of course constitutionally correct that the President proposes and the Congress disposes. 'But the Eisenhower phrase, "then it's up to indicates wide tolerance of any disposition Congress may choose to make. "Harmony" is to be pursued as an end in itself. Always Appeasement Of course if you want "harmony enough, you can always have it by letting the other fellow decide (Continued on Page 5, Column 4) monies. Three Each bishop and archbishop was accompanied by two chaplains. Also accompanying Archbishop Murray were an assistant priest and three Knights of St. Gregory, Karl Conrad, Winona; Associate Justice Frank Gallagher, Waseca, and Dr. E. J. Baldes, Rochester. About 50 acolytes walked in the procession. Archbishop Murray was greeted at the door of the nave before the procession and proceeded down the center aisle toward the sanctuary. He sprinkled the priests accom- panying him. Before entering the sanctuary he went to the chapel of the blessed sacrament to kneel in a moment of prayer. A choir of more than 100 voices sang the mass under the direction of the Rev. Joseph McGinnis. Men from the Immaculate Heart of Mary Seminary, Scholasticate of St. the Joseph's Christian had formed some new friendships i-in "both political parties." Governors of both parties took the opportunity while here to dis- cuss politics with presidential aides, members of the Cabinet in- cluding Atty. Gen. Brownell, and with Chairmen Leonard W. Hall Brothers and St. Mary's College participated, filling the choir loft and the north side of the sanctuary. A letter announcing that a spe- cial apostolic benediction had been granted by Pope Pius XII to Bishop Fitzgerald, all priests, religious and laity of the diocese and all those (Continued on Page 3, Column 2) CATHEDRAL Governor Dodges Questions on '54 Senatorial Race ST. PAUL Minne- Gov. Anderson commented today when asked whether he had discussed the 1954 senatorial elec- tion in Washington. The governor, who has been mentioned as a possible opponent for Sen. Hubert Humphrey whose term expires next year, returned from Washington where he attend- ed a conference of governors with President Eisenhower. Anderson admitted he had talked in Washington with Rep. Walter Judd, Minneapolis, who also is list- ed as a possible Republican candi- date for the Senate, but refused to say whether the election was a subject of conversation. Gov. Anderson's attitude recalled that of Sen. Thye before he ran for the Senate. Thye, then governor, first refused to discuss the possibility, then in- sisted he would not be a candidate, but finally ran against. Sen. Ship- stead and was sleeted. Ike May Call 2nd Governor Parley in '53 By D. HAROLD OLIVER WASHINGTON UP) Washington officials speculated today that _- j LIUIlii cuniimiLee uucs duuui. i.uc President Eisenhower, encouraged pending authorization biii_which by reaction to his special confer-1 merely puts a ceiling on new ap- ence of state governors, might call 1 propriations Bridges said his a second one before another year j group "will examine the whole aid Byrd Demands Itemized Bill On Foreign Aid Dulles, Stassen Face Further Senate Questioning WASHINGTON (m Sen. Byrd (D-Va) demanded today that the Eisenhower administration "get down to brass tacks" and tell Con- gress how much it intends to spend on foreign aid in the year begin- ning July 1. Byrd thus brought into the open a backstage effort Sen. Taft (R- Ohio) was reported making to hold spending by the Mutual Security Administration (MSA) in the next fiscal year below this year's level. Secretary of State Dulles and MSA Director Harold E. Stassen faced searching congressional questioning today on the adminis- tration's request for in authority for new appropria- tions. Needed for Defense President Eisenhower, in a spe- cial message to Congress, called the program a bulwark for U. S. defenses against a threat of Soviet aggression. Secretary of the Treasury Hum- phrey testified yesterday that the program for the next fiscal year calls for more spending than that- financed in part out of funds Con- gress already has he didn't fix any figure. Byrd has estimated that Treas- ury foreign aid payouts this year will reach only com- pared with former President Tru- man's January estimate of "I'm going to insist on getting the expenditures Byrd said in an interview. "They've got to get down to brass tacks on this matter and tell us what they plan to spend before we can legislate intelligently. Even the Truman ad- ministration always furnished a spending figure." Truman had proposed that be spent in the next year. While the Eisenhower pro- posals apparently were below that figure, indications were that many lawmakers did not believe ,the prospective cutback was big enough. Billion in Mind Chairman Bridges (R-NH) of the Senate Appropriations Committee said he thinks the Senate generally "has a figure of five billion" in mind. No matter what the foreign rela- tions committee does about the SOORescued In Ship Crash The Stern Section of the British steamer Duke of York, right, is shown after a collision with the U. S. transport Haiti Victory, back- ground, before dawn in the North Sea off south- east England today. The bow section of the British steamer sank after the collision. Five hundred passengers from the Duke of York were transferred to the Haiti Victory. Rescue ships are shown alongside the two vessels. (AP Wire- photo via radio to The Republican-Herald) Tidelands Bill Through Senate is up. Both the President and the gov- program very thoroughly before we make a decision." Chairman Wiley (R-Wis) of the said he ernors spoke of hopes for future j foreign relations group conferences, but mentioned no thinks the Dulles-Stassen program ihas been "approved by hardhead- i ed businessmen" and didn't believe dates. There was some guessing also {it could be reduced materially. that the President may have helped himself politically. He ap- peared before the governors twice, had them to lunch, stressed solu- tion of "too long neglected" prob- lems with the states, and won the comment from some state execu- tives, "He spoke our language." Wiley said he regards Secretary of Defense Wilson and Secretary Humphrey, both of whom testified yesterday, as "hardheaded busi- adding: "When they say this program is necessary, the country should sit up and take notice." The President himself yesterday Sen. Ferguson (R-Mich) lined up said he was glad to see again so j on tne sye Of those who believe many old friends and he hoped he the amount can be cut, but Sen. u.. Monroney {D.Okla) said he thinks Congress ought to 'go slowly on that score. Rep. McCormack of Massachu- setts, deputy Democratic leader in the House, said the administration is taking a "big gamble" in cut- ting the foreign aid program. But and Stephen A. Mitchell of the Re- he said the administration requests publican and Democratic National] would have the support of most Committees, respectively. I House Democrats. Hank HirffshrtHer, 80, left, and Jerry Nagel, 18, do the milk- ing, part of running things in the village of Funkley, Minn., while all other residents are IE New York to take part in a cancer dress- ing drive. Hank and Jerry volunteered to stay home to watch the town's nine buildings and tend to things generally. (AP Wire- photo to Republican-Herald) How Senators Voted On Submerged Oil WASHINGTON UP) is how Northwest senators voted Tuesday as the Senate passed, S6-35, the submerged lands bill and sent it back to the House for consider- I alien of Senate amendments: Minnesota: i Humphrey. Wisconsin: For McCarthy. Thunderjefs Bomb 17 Major Red Buildings SEOUL (Si U. S. Thunderjets swept almost to the Yalu River boundary of North Korea today and divebombed at least 17 major buildings at the abandoned Kangge Dam. Sabre jet fighters flew escort for the 36 Thunderjets in'one of the war's deepest fighter-bomber pene- trations of North Korea. The Thunderjets blasted build- ings used by the Rsds to store supplies and shot up a rail line but did not bomb the partially com- pleted dam, on which work was abandoned when the war began, the Air Force said. The 155-mile battlefront remained quiet. Only light patrol contacts were reported. Eighteen Thunderjets hit 25 buildings in a Chinese troop and supply area just three miles from Old Baldy in We s t e r n Korea Wednesday. Okinawa-based B29 Superforts dropped bombs on a Communist supply concentration at Sasan, 12 miles from Sinanju in Northwest Korea Tuesday night. Pilots said they saw several secondary explo- sions and huge fires were left burning. The Air Force said night-flying B26 bombers destroyed 91 Commu- nist vehicles. Navy warships and carrier-based planes pounded the battered east coast port of Wonsan throughout the day Tuesday. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST and and mild tonight and Thursday. .Low tonight 44, high Thursday 75. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 ,m. today: Maximum, 77; minimum, 44; noon, 71; precipitation, sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 71 at p. m. Tuesday, min. 42 at a. m. to- day. Noon readings broken layer of clouds at feet, visibility 12 miles, wind 6 miles 'per hour from east, humidity 55 per cent, barometer 29.92, falling slowly. May Be Sent To President In Few Days .WASHINGTON bill to give the states title to oil-ladea submerged lands off their shores, debated in the Senate for more than a month, may pick up marked speed and wind up within a few days on the desk of President Eisenhower, who has indicated he will sign it. The measure which the Senate passed, 56-35, late yesterday, after an acrimonious debate which start- ed April 1, differs in one major respect and some minor ones from the measure approved earlier by the House. But efforts were being made to persuade the House Republican leadership that the best course would be for the House to accept the Senate version, rather than risk a new Senate talkfest .over a compromise. No action was likely today, since the House scheduled only memor- ial services for members and for. mer members who have died in the past year. But tomorrow, it is likely that the House will be asked to accept the Senate measure. If it does so, the bill would go to the White House. Tough Battle Before approving the bitterly fought legislation, subject of over 1M million words of floor debate in the longest Senate battle in 15 years, the Senate batted down every one of a dozen amendments offered by opponents. They contended they were trying to cancel or modify what they termed a giant "giveaway" of federal property over which the Supreme Court has held that the federal government holds para- mount rights. Sen. Douglas an opponent, said oil in the lands involved has been estimated by geologists to be worth from 50 to 300 billion dollars. The bill was defended, on the other hand, as a matter of justice to the states which, proponents said, had assumed for 150 years that they owned the submerged lands within their historic boun- daries. The states with proved offshore oil are California, Texas and Louisiana. The bill would recognize state ownership of all submerged lands within historic state boundaries. Although not spelled out, this has usually been taken to mean three miles except on the gulf coasts, of Texas and Florida, which claim H miles. Win Oil Rights Another section would give the states the right to develop oil and other natural resources in the ocean bed if the courts should dis- pute the' right of Congress to transfer title. The federal government would have oil and other mineral rights in the continental shelf, the area running outward from state boun- daries to where the ocean floor drops off sharply. In some places this is as far out as 300 miles. U.S., British Crafts Collide In North Sea HARWICH, England HI Nearly 500 persons, including dozens of Americans, were rescued at sea today after they abandoned a Hol- land-England ferry severely dam- aged in a pre-dawn collision. The ferry, the Duke of York, lost her bow in the collision with a U. S. government freighter, the Haiti Victory. The freighter, with slight damage, picked up scores of the Duke of York pas- sengers, and made port here. A total of 436 passengers and 57 crewmen were saved from the Duke of York. Her operators, the British. Railways, said the skipper and a skeleton crew of 15 remained aboard as she moved toward port tonight behind two tugs. There was a report that a woman passenger was still trapped aboard her. But there were no known fa- talities. No one was missing from Map of Crash Area freighter Haiti Victory, which wai out of Bremen bound for U. S. ports. Most of the Americans on the Duke of York were servicemen stationed in Germany and on their way to England on leave. Survivors were landed at both Harwich and Dover. Some Americans were among survivors brought here. They in- cluded Lt. Thomas Ferraro, a U. S. Air Force physician. Ferraro gave this account: "People were screaming in the darkness. There were, shouts of 'Abandon ship' and 'We're sink- ing.' The women and children were put in the lifeboats first but the boats were so overcrowded fliat they couldn't be rowed and just drifted helplessly, waiting to be picked .up. We picked up an injured German from the sea. He was float- ing in the- water, groaning." Two Americans sharing a cabin aboard the Duke of York were Sgt: Francis Lauer, 24, of 21 Taylor Ave., Deadwood, S. D., and Cpl. John Leviska, 21, of Aitken, Minn. Lauer said: "We were asleep when we heard the crash and the ship's siren blowing. Then we heard someone shouting, 'Get up on deck.', "We .tumbled out of the bunks, put our clothes on, grabbed our lifebelts and ran up on deck. We didn't have time to save our lug- gage."   

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