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Winona Republican Herald Newspaper Archive: May 5, 1953 - Page 1

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   Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 5, 1953, Winona, Minnesota                              Fair Tonight, Partly Cloudy Wednesday w River Stage Today Year Ago (Flood Stage 13) 7.20 11.78 24-Hour .03 .32 WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, MAY 5, 1953 TWENTY PAGES TidelandsBill Passage Seen By Nightfall Debate on .Each Amendment Held to 10 Minutes ew r- A Spectacular Downtown fire in Eureka, Calif., Monday afternoon, destroyed the Fire- stone Tire Rubber Co. store with damages es- timated at more than one-half million dollars. The blaze also damaged the adjoining Post- office and Federal Building. Heavy black smoke from burning tires cast a pall over the city and brought out a large turnout of shoppers as spec- tators. One fireman was overcome by smoke. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) U.N. Accuses Reds Of Stalling Truce By ROBERT TUCKMAN PANMUNJOM U.N. Command today accused the Com- munists of throwing up a smoke screen in the Korean truce and said Red stalling "casts serious doubts on their sincerity." Lt Gen. William K. Harrison Jr. insisted the Allies could not agree to Red demands that prisoners who have spurned Commu- Lt. Gen. W. K. Harrison nism be shipped to a neutral Asian custodian. "Many would destroy themselves rather than submit to removal from the senior Allied delegate said. The Reds refused again at a 59- minute session to commit them- selves on a neutral custodian. The most Red truce delegates GOP Searching For Compromise On Trade Act By CHARLES F. BARRETT WASHINGTON UP) House Re- publicans searched for a com- promise today in a conflict be- tween the Eisenhower administra- tion and some GOP House mem- bers over trade and tariff policies. The State, Defense and Treasury departments' joined yesterday in testimony before the House Ways and Means Committee opposing a trade bill by Rep. Richard M. Simpson The bill would extend the pres- tion of Pakistan as a neutral care- taker was "worth new prov'isions de. They also insisted that both sides strengthen protection for first work out the functions of the mst inj nPPinincJ An TnP T13- i by competition from cheaper for- eign imports More adrr were scheduled of Commerce Weeks and Mutual Security Administrator Harold E. Stassen. By HARRISON B. HUMPHRIES WASHINGTON (J) The Senate today edged toward expected pas- sage by nightfall of legislation to establish state ownership of oil- rich offshore submerged lands within their boundaries. Opponents, although fighting to the end what they call a "give- away" of federal property, con- ceded defeat. Votes on a series of amendments precede the final vote. Debate on each amendment was limited to 10 minutes, beginning at 1 p. m. Proponents predicted passage of the Eisenhower backed measure by a margin of nearly 2 to 1. They call it a "restoration" to the states of property, considered theirs for 150 years. The opposition said the battle will continue in the courts and in the election campaigns of 1954 and subsequent years. Farther-Reaching The House passed a similar, but farther-reaching, bill in March aft- er two days of debate. This meas- ure would provide a system of fed- eral leasing of the outer contin- ental shelf. So the legislation pre- sumably will go to a conference committee. The debate was the Senate's longest in 15 years. Beginning April 1, it occupied the upper chamber for nearly 200 hours in 26 days. (An antilynching bill tied up the senate for 30 days in 1938.) The submerged lands debate also produced a record continuous discourse of Sen. Morse (Ind-Ore) April 24-25. The Senate bill, co-sponsored by Sen. Holland (D-Fla) and 39 other senators, is similar to legislation twice vetoed by former President Truman. It would recognize state owner- ship of offshore lands beneath the marginal seas out to the states' historic 3 to miles, but not specified in the bill. The Supreme Court ruled three times the "paramount rights" of the federal government j prevail in this area. Right to Develop The bill also would give the states the right to develop the minerals and other resources in the offshore area within historic state safeguard for the states in the event the courts later hold transfer of title invalid. Immediately affected are three states with proven offshore oil Texas and Lou- isiana. In addition, the measure would confirm states titles to lands be- More administration witnesses r.eath inland navigable waters, in- Billion Foreign Aid Set Administration And Congressional leaders met today in Washington to discuss a new billion foreign aid program at a joint session of the Senate and House Committees on Foreign Af- fairs. Left to right, seated: Chairman Alexander Wiley (R-Wis) of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee; Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, cluding the Great Lakes, and to filled lands once covered by the marginal seas. Finally, the Senate bill would fol- Secretary of States Dulles and low a 1945 proclamation by Tru- neutral before deciding on the na tion itself. Harrison, senior Allied delegate, told reporters that the functions would apply equally to and said of the Red demand: "That is merely a negotiating smoke screen." North Korean Gen. Nam II, chief Red negotiator, declared the "im- portant question" is whether un- willing prisoners shall be sent to a neutral nation or shall be turned over to the neutral custodian in Korea. Nam asked the UN Command to clarify these three points: 1. What steps would the Allies take to remove military con' bl over the prisoners? 2. How would the UN Command at the same time enable the neu- tral to take control of the POWs? 3. How would it maintain order in the prison camps? Harrison replied such matters could be quickly solved once agree-- ment was reached on the neutral nation. "It is obvious that since the de- tails about which you have asked can be solved without serious dif- ficulty it should be no real prob- j NEW YORK vivid tale of "The Old Man and the Sea Secretary of the Treasury Hum-1 phrey showed no disposition to' compromise yesterday. They urged the committee to approve President Eisenhower's request for a straight one-year extension of the present program, with no im- portant changes, pending a study by a special commission. Dulles said this policy is "im- perative" in view of vital national security interests. He said new im- port curbs now might drive free world allies toward the Commu- nist orbit. man claiming for the federal gov- ernment the resources of the con- tinental shelf beyond state bound- ary lines. Russian Woodworkers LONDON Four officials of the Soviet Woodworkers Union ar- rived from Moscow by plane Mon- day night for a two-week tour of Britain as guests of the British Amalgamated workers. Society of Wood- Navy Task Force Pours Tons of Shells on Reds By MILO FARNETI SEOUL Korean battle- front was so quiet today the sight- ing of a lone Communist soldier of I toda'jTw'as'thT "first "of" Ernest "Hemingway's many novels to bring VhPlU -inri bombs into the battered Ito perform the custodial him a Pulitzer prize in his 30-year literary career, easf coast St of Wonsanm the Harrison said. Hemingway's short novel yesterday won the 1953 Pulitzer Prize hpavipst strike in months "Unless we reach agreement fiction. heaviest strike m montns, elements Qf fte Q{ cus. Thg stage award went to wmiam Me for ms Broadway hit play Hemingway's 'Ola Man Wins '53 Pulitzer Prize State Traffic Deaths Still 26 Ahead of 1952 ST. PAUL traf- fic toll for the year still is 26 ahead of 1952 despite a drop of 11 fatalities in April compared to last year. It was the first month in which the toll dropped below the cor- responding period of last year, the Highway Department reported. Of the 31 recorded April deaths, 16 were due to cars going out of Ike7 Comedian Hope Match Golf Shots WASHINGTON UP) President Eisenhower and comedian Bob Hope have been matching shots on the golf course. A .White House source said today the President and Hope played to- gether last Saturday at Burning Tree Country Club in nearby Mary- land. There was no word on their scores. The foursome was rounded out by Gov. Dan Thornton of Colorado and Sen. Bush Reports that Eisenhower and Hope-plan to play again this week could not be confirmed. Hope came control leaving the road, over- to Washington to attend the White turning, colliding with trains at House Correspondents' dinner on crossings or striking fixed objects, j "way mgnt. such as bridge abutments, t Seven lives were lost in collis- sions between vehicles and eight pedestrians were killed. A. V. Rohweder, Minnesota Safe- "Our men sighted one Chinese near an outpost and threw gren- ades. He went read the day's battle report of an American division on the Western Front. Some observers said the 155- mile line was quieter than at any time since the war began 34 months ago. Four ships led by the battleship New Jersey bombarded Red gun positions ringing Wonsan harbor, while dive bombers and fighter- bombers from Task Force 77 bombed and rocketed the city. First reports said shells from the New Jersey's 16-inch rifles smashed the main Red observa- tion post overlooking the harbor. The attack was led by the cruiser St. Paul and supported by the destroyers Nicholas, Hender- son, Moore, Brush and Endicott. Their guns hit Communist bridges and guns and the destroyer-mine- sweeper Enrlicott sank three Red sampans. Monday night 13 B29 Superforts struck two Communist supply cen- ters on the west coast at Hadaa and Chingwan. "Almost 400 military equipment and supply storage buildings and troop billeting struc- tures were targets of the attack. In the biggest of three Red probing attacks reported during the night, about 20 Chinese skir- mished with a South Korean patrol oh the Eastern Ejont. tody and final disposition of the prisoners there will not be an ar- mistice. Therefore, there is nojLeish, poetry, and Associated need to discuss these details prior Press writer Don Whitehead, who Picnic Repeat winners in this year's list of prizes were Archibald Mae- ty Council president, said the 11 lives saved in April this year as compared to 1952 constituted "one of the greatest gifts Minnesota motorists could possibly bestow." He said if the downtrend continued, the state has a chance to make an outstanding humanitarian record for the year. Ex-Sen. Wagner Succumbs at 75 NEW YORK F. Wag- iner, former Democratic U. S. sen- the Wagner La- to agreement on the neutral state. "Your evasion of the matter of agreeing on the neutral merely causes suspicions as to your mo- tives. Unless you are prepared to accept one of the nominees or nominate a different one, we have nothing further to say." Nam replied: "Since your side has nominated Pakistan to serve as a neutral na- tion we consider that your side has the obligation to make it clear just how to request Pakistan to ac- complish its functions. "We would still like to know the concrete views of your side on the question I have put forward." Harrison replied: "I have noth- ing further to say." Harrison talked with newsmen for more than 5 minutes outside the tiny truce hut after the session. "The original Communist propos- al made in detail after we opened negotiations is in effect a means of securing the forced repatriation of all prisoners regardless of whether these prisoners will go back of their own he said, referring to the Red demand that all balking POWs be sent out of Korea, after a truce. received honors for national re- porting. The New York Times re- ceived its second special Pulitzer citation, this time for its Sunday edition section, "Review of the Week." Selections for the 1953 Pulitzer awards were announced yesterday bor Relations Act and other impor- tant New Deal legislation, died yesterday at 75 after a long ill- man falsely imprisoned for life as a murderer. utoo D. Kuekes, Wagner, who resigned from the ness. the Cleveland Plain Dealer, for his sketch of two soldiers in Korea carrying a dead buddy and com- I menting that he was too young' to vote. Editorials Vermont Conneeti- by the trustees of Columbia Uni- 'cut Royster, 39, of the Wall Street versity. The prizes were made for Journal, for his regular editorial work done during 1952, Other awards announced yester- day: Meritorious public service by a Whiteville, N. C., News Reporter and the Tabor City N. C., Tribune for their successful campaign against the Ku Klux Klan. The independently published papers are the first weeklies ever to win a Pulitzer Prize. International reporting Austin Wehrwein, 37, of the Milwaukee, Wis., Journal, for a series of ar- ticles on Canada. Local reporters and photographers of the Provi- dence (R.I.) Journal and Evening BuDetin for their coverage of a bank robbery; and Edward J. Mowery, 47, of the New York World-Telegram and Sun, for his stories leading to vindication of a series covering many topics. News photographer William M. Gallagher, 30, of the Flint (Mich.) Jpurnal, for his picture of Democratic presidential candidate Adlai E. Stevenson campaigning with a hole in the sole of his shoe. Biography David J. Mays, 57, and Virginia-born, for his book on Edmund Pendleton, the lawyer who guided Virginia in its advo- cacy of American independence in 1776. Dangerfield, 47, for his "The Era of Good Feel- a study of the administra- tions of James Monroe and John Quincy Adams. He is British-bora. No award was made in music this year. The traveling scholarship in art went to Joseph Anu-szkiewiez, 22, of Erie, Pa., a student at the Cleveland Institute of Art. Senate in June, 1949, because of illness, died at the home of his son, Manhattan Borough Presi- dent Robert F. Wagner Jr. The son said death was caused by heart fatigue. The former New York senator had been an invalid for the past few years, and was bedridden a large part of the time. He received the last rites of the Roman Catho- lic church, to which he was con- verted several years ago. Funeral services will be held Thursday. Wagner served almost 23 years in the U. S. Senate, but illness kept him from attending sessions in the 80th and 81st Congresses. When Wagner resigned, Gov. Thomas E. Dewey appointed Re- publican John Foster Dulles, the present secretary of state, to fill the seat until the November, 1949, election. In that election, former Gov. Herbert H. Lehman, the Democratic-Liberal party nominee, defeated Dulles. Wagner, a militant New Dealer, sponsored the Social Security Act, the United States Housing Act, the National Industrial Recovery Act and other major legislation. Body of Second Drowning Victim At Mankato Sought Defense Against 'Soviet President Says Ike Makes Main Plea in Special Message to Congress WASHINGTON UPI The Eisen- hower administration asked Con- gress today for in new foreign aid as a necessary defense for America itself against "the Soviet threat." President Eisenhower made the main plea in a special massage to the lawmakers. The detailed pre- sentation was made by a parade of Cabinet members, backed by Gen. Omar Bradley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in testi- mony to a joint session of the Senate Foreign Relations and House Foreign Affairs committees. "The basic purpose of this pro- gram is simply the long-term se- curity of the United States living in the shadow of the Soviet the Presidential message said. He noted that the bulk of the money approximately is set up for military weapons and direct support "to the defense efforts of our friends and allies." He called that division "a measure of the peril in which, free nations continue to live." Sober Truth "The blunt, sober truth is that we cannot afford to relax our de- fenses until we have seen clear, unmistakable evidence of genuine- ly peaceful purpose on the part of the Soviet Eisenhower said. Secretary of State Dulles, leading off before the Congressional com- mittees, made virtually the same argument in differing words, and said that if there is any error in HANOI, Indochina Ml Commu- the total figures the mistake ha. and Chairman Robert Chiperfield (R-H1) of the House Foreign Affairs Committee. Standing: Secretary of Defense Charles E. Wilson, left, and Mutual Security Administrator Harold E. Stassen, former governor of Minnesota. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Reds Reinforce Troops Circling 2 Laotian Posts nist-led Vietminh leaders reinforced their troops encircling two stoutly defended French Laotian posts been in setting them too low. While the request is less than former President Truman cnQcQ nirllLIl Jjctuuaii puai-a n j j. j, the mountains north of Luang made m ha ferewdl budget for the Prabang today. But the invaders continued to shy clear of any di- rect assault upon the royal Laotian capital. The Vietminh added new troops to forces surrounding the defend- ing posts at Muongkhoua, 90 miles north of Luang Prabang, and Muongsai, 30 miles northwest of the royal capital. Both posts have beaten off repeated attacks during patrols, the last three weeks. French and Laotian meanwhile, were unable to make any contact with Vietminh forces in the area north and east of Luang Prabang, where the Communist- led rebels have been concentrated, and around the Plain des Jarres, 70 miles east of Luang Prabang. The French hope to entice the MANKATO, Minn. The body Reds into battle at these two of a second youthful drowning vic- tim was sought in nearby Lake Washington today after searchers heavily-defended points but so far the Vietminh has not obliged. No further enemy movements recovered that of his Sunday ca- were reported south- of Xiengk- noeing companion Monday night, houang, either. It was from Xieng- Found at dusk was the body of Leslie Halvorson Jr., 16, Mankato High School student. Still eluding the dragging parties was that of Wayne Nelson, 15, also of Mankato, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Nelson. Eight boats manned by sheriff's deputies, game wardens and volunteers plumbed the 30-f o o t depths of the lake Monday before the Halvorson boy was. found just at dusk. Officers said now there is no question but .that the Nelson youth perished also. Searchers were aided by a small plane piloted by Sheriff Pat Smith of LeSueur County, who was to take to the air again today. -The hunt was started when the canoe in which the pair embarked was discovered floating upside down. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and to- night, Wednesday partly cloudy. Not much change in temperature. Low tonight 39, high Wednesday 65. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 71; minimum, 43; noon, 70; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 69 at noon, min. 42 at a.m. Sky clear, visibility 15 miles, wind 3 miles per hour from north, humidity 41 per cent, barom- eter 30.07 falling slowly. houang, 90 miles southeast of Luang Prabang, that the Vietminh Mon- day sent an invasion spearhead driving south toward Thailand and Vientiane, administrative govern- ment seat of Laos. Advance units of this force captured a French- Laotian defense post at Thathom, 25 miles southeast of Xienghouang on the road to the Mekong river border with Thailand. m Four Firecrackers Used in Nehru Plot BOMBAY, India (.fl police spokesman said today that an ex- plosive grabbed from a railway track just ahead of Prime Min' ister Nehru's train turned out to be four giant firecrackers. Some Indians, however, doubted the ex- planation. Reports Monday from Kalyan railway hub, 35 miles from Bom- bay, said a policeman there re- moved a live bomb from a track just a few minutes before the Am- rits'ar Express thundered through, carrying Nehru from Jalna to Bom- bay. These reports said the policeman, patroling the track, fired on an unidentified man believed to have placed the explosive on the track. The man escaped inVhe early dawn gloom. The explosive was brought to Bombay for'analysis. The police spokesman said the four firecrackers, of a large type known here as "Atom were incapable of doing anything but slight damage. year starting July 1, it still is higher than many Congress mem- bers seem willing to go. "The reduction is not as great as many of us would like to Dulles said, "having regard to the need to balance the budget, to re- establish our currency and, even- tually, to reduce taxes. The reduc- tion is, however, as great as, in our judgment, can be reconciled with the essential security of tfce United States." No Evidence Dulles said there is no evidence Russia's threat to the free world has diminished "or will dimm- ish within the foreseeable future." The new foreign aid program, he said, is "aimed at retaining the initiative for peace" which he said President Eisenhower seized in his foreign policy speech April 16. In breaking down the cost of the program, Dupes disclosed most of the funds will continue to go to build up America's 13 North At- lantic Pact allies. But he said the new administra- tion also would step up military and economic- help to Communist- threatened Indochina and Formosa, and provide money for weapons for Japan's internal security and de- fense. About 400 million dollars is set aside .for Indochina, he said, to help the French thwart increasing Communist pressure in this South- east India nation. He added "there may be some modest increase" in present aid programs and told the lawmakers: "We must materially strengthen the effectiveness of Chinese forces on Formosa. If Formosa can be made militarily strong and econo- mically healthy it may exercise a powerful attraction upon the en- slaved peoples of Asia." Dulles said the Eisenhower bill also proposed "a moderate in- crease" in technical and military aid to Latin America, He assailed the Truman administration for fail- ing to "give proper attention" to Latin America. "We should not disguise from ourselves the fact that the inter- national situation is he said. "For example, all of South- east Asia is today in great peril and if Indochina should be lost, there would be a chain reaction throughout the Far East and South Asia." Dulles contended many countries which in the past were friendly toward the United States "are be- ginning to wonder whether the center of power has not shifted from Washington to Moscow."   

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