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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 4, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Partly Cloudy Tonight And Tuesday 6 VOLUME 53, NO. 65 Rivter Stage 24-Hour (Flood Stage 13) Today 7.17 .15 Year Ago 12.20 .54 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, MAY 4, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES Hiawatha Kills Farmer at Lake City Mrs. Walter M. Sehau of San Anselmo, Calif., took this dra- matic picture of a dramatic rescue Sunday on the Pit River Bridge north of Redding, Calif. Being drawn on the end of a rope from sure death was P. M. Overby of Portland, Ore., after the cab of his semi-trailer truck went over the rail and dangled. Later the truck burned. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) TIME RUNNING OUT Pakistan Allied Caretaker Choice PANMUNJOM Allies nominated Pakistan today as a neutral caretaker for war prisoners who won't go home, and warned the apparently surprised Reds: Time is "fast running out" in the Korean truce talks. Although Pakistan was one of the four Asian nations listed by e Reds as acceptable neutrals, the Communis'.s sat mum. Without even mentioning the Allied choice the Reds asked and received a recess until 11 a.m. Tuesday, possibly to consult higher Red officials. Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison Jr., chief U. N. delegate, nomi- nated Pakistan at the beginning of the meeting and then told the Reds: "We are obliged to tell you once again that we will not engage in protracted and fruitless discussion during the current TODAY Growth of Reds May Be Ignored By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP real mean- ing of the new American defense policy was all too clearly, although perhaps unintentionally, stated by the President himself. The state- ment took the form of an answer j Pakistan was the third nation to a question at the President's nominated by the United Nations, defense first First was Switzerland, which the such Eisenhower answer that has I Reds opposed. Then Sweden. The ever caused serious concern at the Communists insisted on an Asian which began April 25. The Communists Saturday .sug- gested Pakistan, Burma, India and Indonesia as acceptable hosts for the Red prisoners who won't go home. White House. James Shepley, the able corre- nation. They want the reluctant ?OWs shipped to the neutral country for screening after an armistice is agreed upon. The spondent of Time and Life, point- ed out that there had been a good reason for the now-discarded target j Allies want a neutral country to dates of the American-- defense j assume control of them in Korea, buildup. "In simple said i Harrison said no time limit has Shepley "the Joint Chiefs of Staff thought (that) in 1954 the Soviets could deliver an atomic attack on the United States." "Is there something available to Shepley asked the President, "that indicates that will not be a The President replied that "he was not going to quarrel with the estimate as to when (the Soviets) will have the atomic bomb, be- cause he did not admit any one can predict when, if ever, another government would want to launch into a global war." He added that he "just didn't believe there was a necessary relationship between the two." Such were the President's own words, unchanged in any important way by the conventional transla- tion into indirect discourse. The President's meaning was painfully plain. On the one hand, he did not "quarrel" with the Joint Chiefs' es- timate of the growth of Soviet air- atomic power. With characteristic honesty, he in effect admitted that this estimate was sound. On the other hand, he argued that the growth of Soviet power did not mean that the Kremlin' "would want to launch a global war." In effect he maintained that the Kremlin would not want to do so, and therefore we did not have to worry about the year 1954. In other words, the threat to America of the growth of Soviet air atomic power' is now to be (Continued on Page 13, Column 5.) ALSOPS been set for the armistice talks, but twice inside the conference hut he delivered an implied warning that he would end the talks again if the Reds did not begin to pro- duce. Harrison reminded the Reds that they mentioned Burma, Indonesia, Pakistan and India as suitable Asian neutrals. He said that unless they had named these four" for propaganda purposes, "we must assume tliat you consider each of the four" to be neutral and competent and therefore suitable. North Korean Gen. Ham H, chief Red delegate, answered with a statement apparently prepared in advance. He insisted that the first order of business should be an agreement that unwilling prisoners should be transported physically to a neutral nation. Nam's statement gave no clue to the reason the Communist had requested and received a one-day recess over the weekend. Alert Sailor Saves Boy, 5, From Drowning MILWAUKEE An alert sail- or saved the- life of a five-year-old boy Sunday after the lad jumped into the muddy Milwaukee River trying to get a new softball he saw floating by. Young Manuel Navarro was .in fine shape at County Emergency Hospital after William Neudek, 22, dragged him from the river in the downtown aim. Ike Faces Top Leadership Test On Foreign Aid Hearings Open Tuesday Before Joint Committee By RUSSELL BRINES WASHINGTON Ei- senhower faces what some con-1 gressmen say will be a major test j of his leadership when Congress considers foreign aid this week. j Hearings open Tuesday before the combined Senate and House Foreign Relations Commit- tees, with administration spokes- men expected to recommend a program for the fis- cal year starting July 1, Free Europe's progress toward building a defense against any Communist aggression, whether aid emphasis should be shifted from Europe to the Red-threatened Far East, and how to substitute trade for these and other questions are due for a heavy working over. Administration witnesses will in- clude Secretary of State Dulles, Secretary of the Treasury Hum- phrey, Mutual Security Director Harold E. Stassen and Gen. Omar N, Bradley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Dulles, in outlining the adminis- tration's foreign policy, has said it contemplates possibly giving more aid to the Orient and less to Europe, with the European na- tions strengthening their economies through more trade. Dulles announced Saturday that the U. S. is feeding "critically needed military items" to the anti- Communist defenders of Laos in Indochina. He did not say what these items were, but it was learned they included two or three dozen big cargo planes, which can carry 64 paratroopers or a great deal of materiel, among other sup- plies. Chairman Short (R-Mo) of the House Armed Services Committee said on a CBS television program Sunday the U. S. may have to fight to keep Russia out of Indo- china and the Middle East. Sen. Sparkman (D-Ala) called the invasion of Laos "one of the most serious things 'that "has hap- pened." Although no serious suggestion to eliminate all foreign aid is expect- ed in Congress, the President may find members of his own party in the forefront of those demanding heavy reductions. Plot to Kill Nehru Fails BOMBAY, India attempt to assassinate Prime Minister Neh- ru by putting a live bomb on the railroad track over which he was traveling was foiled today. The bomb was placed on the track at Kalyan railroad hub, 35 miles from Bombay, a few minutes before the Amritsar Express, car- rying Nehru from Jalna, thundered along the section to Bombay. A policeman patrolling the track fired on an unidentified man be- lieved to have placed the bomb. His bullets went wide. The policeman removed the bomb, without recog- nizing it as such at the moment, after locating it by the lights "of the train it was supposed to have wrecked. This Was Once A Car. Twisted and battered into a pile of debris was the automobile driven by Ralph Rill, Lake City farmer. Rill and his dog were killed instantly when the car was struck by the eastbound Hiawatha at 2 p.m. Saturday in Lake City. (Lake City Graphic photo) Pretty Model Atop Water Tower 7 Hours SANTA MONICA, Calif. l.fl-A pretty model kept hundreds of cm- lookers in suspense by perching atop a 140-foot water tower for seven hours and threatening to jump to her death. Instead, she climbed down, sun- burned from 80-degree weather, after her GI boy friend climbed an iron ladder and talked to her for more than an hour yesterday. Dark-haired Mrs. Theresa (Terry) C. McKinney, 20, divorced mother of two small boys, climbed the tower at a. m. Apparently she was upset by a broken rom- ance. "She used to climb it a lot when .she was a said her brother Robert, 13, who saw her ascend the tower ladder. "She shouted that she wasn't coming down she was going to jump." He ran and notified a family friend, Eugene Houck, 19, who called police, then climbed the tower and pleaded with Mrs. Mc- Kimiey for 45 minutes. Cpl. Robert Berman, 21, of Los Angeles, made the climb and coaxed her down. Firemen put a rope around her waist and guided her. She was booked for disturbing the peace. 3 Reformatory Escapees Elude Prison Guards ST. CLOUD, trus- ties who slugged the farm super- intendent of the St. Cloud reforma- tory and escaped Saturday still were large today. The blue auto belonging to Su- perintendent Clarence Jones, 55, in which the trio escaped, had not been located. The fugitives, Marvin Quern- moen, 24, of Elbow Lake; Exadie Jensen, 21, of Worthington, and Robert Pingeon, 19, of Lamberton, were working on the prison farm outside the walls. They fled after striking Jones on the head with an iron bar. He is recovering in the St. Cloud -hospital. Warden Carl Jackson said the areas about the home towns of the fugitives are being watched close- ly. The escapees were last seen by Jones, who had been tied and drag- ged into the woods. He said they headed north on Highway 10. Maryland State Police leave the Waterloo, Md., barracks after arresting three men identified as fugitives from the Minnesota State Reformatory at St. Cloud. The men, shown with uniformed officers, were listed as, left to right, Jerry H. Duncan, Richard D. Lloyd and Raymond W. Webb. The officers, left to right, are Lt. M. M. Puncke and Troopers Warren R. Carpenter and Jack Corwin. (AP Wirephoto) 43 Aboard Killed 21 Bodies Removed From Comet Wreck CALCUTTA, India parties brought in 21 bodies Sun- day night from the scattered wreckage of a British Comet jet airliner which crashed 22 miles northwest of Calcutta late Satur- day All 43 persons aboard, including three Americans, were killed. The crash of the speedy 2 Fishermen Drown Of fWacouta Beach LAKE CITY, Minn. death struck the Lake Pepin area three times Saturday. fishermen drowned at 10 a. m. near Wacouta Beach, south of Red Wing, near the head of the lake, and a Lake City area farmer was killed instantly when his automobile was struck at 2 p. m..by the eastbound Milwaukee Road Hiawatha on the south edge of Lake City. The fishermen were Ervin Roedecker, 49, Faribault, and Marshall Thompson, 41, Wanamingo, drowned when ----their boat swamped in high waves Governors Meet With Ike on State ot World By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH WASHINGTON With Presi- dent Eisenhower as host, gover- nors of the states and territories convene today for "a first-hand picture of the state of the world and the role of the U. S. in it." Eisenhower set forth the purpose of the unusual conference in those words in inviting the governors to confidential sessions which will continue through noon tomorrow. Greet My The President arranged to greet the state and territory executives personally at the start of the closed meetings, then have top officials of his administration brief them on military, diplomatic, fi- nancial and other phases of world affairs. The White House said 45 state governors were expected to be on hand, together with governors -of Hawaii, Alaska, Puerto Rico, Guam and the Virgin Islands. Gov. Dan McCarty of Florida and Gov, William B. Umstead of North Car- olina were unable to attend be- cause of illness, and Gov. Gordon Persons of Alabama sent word that state business would keep him at home. After Eisenhower's brief re- remarks, the program calls for Vice President Nixon to .present Gen. J. Lawton Collins, Army chief of staff, for a report on the military situation, and Allen W. Dulles, chief of the Central Intel- ligence Agency. Talks Included The schedule also included talks on foreign policy by Secretary of State Dulles and on foreign aid by Mutual Security Director Harold E. Stassen. The President and members of his Cabinet were to be hosts at a White House luncheon. The afternoon session, with Sherman Adams, Eisenhower's chief assis- tant, presiding, called for talks by Acting Secretary of Defense Roger M. Kyes, on internal security by Atty. Gen. Brownell, on the work of the National Security Council by Presidential Aide Robert Cutler, and on mobilization of U. S. lead- ership by C. D. Jackson, another presidential assistant. a few minutes after it swept into monsoon rains from Calcutta's Dum Dum airport on a Singapore- to-London the second fatal accident for Britain's famed Comets and the first on a sched- uled commercial flight. Th? plane was operated by the British Over- seas Airways Corporation. Preliminary reports said a fire or explosion shortly after the take- off might have caused the disaster. The Americans were identified as Rev. Paul Snead, a Methodist missionary stationed at Ipoh, Ma- laya, who was reported on his way home for leave with his family in. Nyack, N. Y., and Miss Jean S, Cohen and Miss Anita Whistler, two teachers making a world tour after completing exchange teach- ing assignments in Rangoon, Bur- ma. 9 of 10 Montana Picnickers Die As Boat Upsets HELENA, Mont. of 10 persons crowded into a five-pas- senger boat for a picnic outing drowned in Hauser Lake Sunday night after the frail craft capsized. Only Mrs. Ed Akins, 3S', mother of four children who went down with the others, was rescued after clinging to the boat for more than an hour. Rescuers found her in hysterical condition and there apparently were no witnesses to give a co- herent account of exactly what happened. Sheriff Dave Middlemas said those who drowned were Ed Akins, 35, a smelterman for Anaconda Copper Mining Co. at East Helena, and the four childrer. Pete, 14; Dolores, 11; Doris, 10, and Dar- lene Akins, 9, all of Helena; Mr. and Mrs. John Akins of Townsend, Mont., parents of Ed Akins; Ed- ward Burns of Helena, and Bur- dette Mace, 19, of Grants Pass, Ore. Hau.ser Lake, 15 miles east of Helena and one of several in the vicinity, may be 100 feet deep where the boat capsized, mas estimated. It is separated from larger Lake Helena by Can- yon Ferry Dam. Burglar Alarms Stolen LONDON have out an alarm for a thief or two who made off with a truck in the Piccadilly section of London. The truck was loaded with burglar alarms. 300 Mau Maus Kill 19 at Guard Post NAIROBI, Kenya anti- white Mau Mau terrorists society sent some 300 men swooping on a remote Kikuyu home guard out- post today and burned and hacked to death 19 members of the pro- British unit. Only one member of the Kikuyu home guard post escaped to tell the story. 'The others were cap- tured or died among the burned ruins of their huts after their last round of ammunition had been exhausted. Major Attack On Capital of Laos Awaited HANOI, Indochina UP) A possi- ble push by the Communist-led Vietminh toward the Laotian king- dom's administrative capital of Vietiane shaped up today as French and Laotian forces still awaited a major attack on the royal seat of Luangprabang. While only a brief patrol clash was reported from the neighbor- hood of King Sisavang Vong's resi- dence town, the French said enemy troop movements were spotted for the first time today south of Xiengkhouang, 90 miles southeast of Luangprabang. These forcls, described as "light apparently already were more than 25 miles south of Xiengk- houang. That highway was the principal route of Vietminh forces which entered Laos from the coast of Annam, in conjunction with the other invaders from the north and northwest. Vietiane, home of the Laotian government and a key point on the Thailand border, appeared the logical target for these forces to the south. The French have-started strengthening the town's defenses, but they are not nearly so ad- vanced as those at Luangpra- bang, 140 miles to the north. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and partly cloudy, no decided change in temperature tonight and Tues- day. Low tonight 42, high Tuesday a half hour after they left on their fishing expedition. Victim in the train crossing crash was Ralph RiU, 74, who stopped for flashing signals at the Lyon Avenue crossing (Highway 63) and drove into the path of the speeding Hiawatha. Two companions in the fishing boat were saved when Anthony Brogan, 52, Chatfield, heard shouts for help from the capsized craft. They were Kenneth Borgstahl and Marvin Bauernfiend, both of Fari- bault. Brogan failed to rescue the drowned men by only seconds. Bodies of the men sank in cold water and were not recovered until afternoon. Thompson's body was in 20 feet of water and Roe- decker's in 60 feet, Switch Engine There Rill is thought to have been con- fused by a switching engine work- ing in the railroad yards near the Lake City station. He came to a full stop before proceeding into the crossing. The car was struck squarely by the speeding train. The engineer quoted by Lake City police as saying train was traveling 85 per hour when the mishap oc- curred. The train does not stop in Lake City. The automobile disintegrated. Pieces were scattered for 100 yards along the railroad right of way. Harry Roberts, signalman for the railroad on Street one block east of the point where the acci- dent occurred, was standing at the crossing flagging motorists. He saw the mishap and had to dodge back into his flagman's house to avoid being struck by flying pieces. Rill's dog died in the mishap with him. The bodies were thrown 125 feet and ended up 6 feet apart. Investigating the accident were E. B. Wise, Wabasha County cor- oner, and John Jacobs, sheriff, both of Wabasha. Wise said no in- quest will be held. RiU was born Jan. 1, 1879, at Nelson, Wis. He farmed for most of his life in the Lake City area, but recently had been working near Mfflville. He was married. The couple had no children. Mrs. Rill was discharged 10 days ago from Buena Vista Sanatorium, Wa- basha. Funeral services were this after- noon at 2 p.m. at St. John's Lutti- eran Church, Lake City, the Rev. T. H. Albrecht officiating, with burial in Oakwood Cemetery. Pall- bearers were Hugh Welp, John, Hanna, William E. Peters, John Peters, William Fitschen and Har- ry Heldt. Other State Mishaps Other accidents in traffic, water and the lives of at lea.st seven more 62. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 47; minimum, 42; noon, 47; precipitation, none. Official observations, for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 63; minimum, 45; noon, 63; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER miles, wind aalm, barometer 30.20 steady, humidity 46 per cent. persons in Minnesota weekend, worst for over 'the accidental deaths in several months. Sheriff's officers -and volunteers planned to resume dragging of Washington Lake, near Mankato, this morning for two boys who ap- parently drowned when their mo- tor-driven canoe overturned. If the boys did die, it would bring the weekend toll to at least 12. Traffic accidents, two in Duluth, took six lives to bring the yeart count to 143, compared with '117 May 3, 1952. One man was burned to death (No. Central Observations) and one other person drowned. Max. Temp. 62 at noon today, The victims: low 43 at a.m. Scattered clouds at feet, visibility 15 The victims: Edward Jellum, 51, Albert Lea, (Continued on Page 3, Column 7) ACCIDENTS Hydrogen Bomb Tests Next By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON next se- ries of atomic tests in the Pacific probably will include hydrogen ex- plosions of unprecedented magni- tude. Using knowledge and materials tried out cautiously in two pre- vious series involving "thermonu- clear" most re- cent of which reportedly produced the mightiest manmade blast so and military men are setting the scene for what is expected to be a still more awe- some test shot, or shots. The majority of the compara- tively minor-scale explosive tests of devices and weapons now tinder way at the Nevada Proving Grounds apparently represent pre- wtek to forthcoming ex- periments in big-scale explosions of nuclear fission and hydrogen fusion gadgets in the Pacific. Plans Prepared Apparently convinced in the past two tests at Eniwetok Atoll that a hydrogen explosion can be pro- duced, the efforts of nuclear phy- sicists now are directed at (a) stepping up the force of the ex- plosion and (B) detonating the hy- drogen bomb with more economy in the use of fissionable material. To create the beat and pressure needed for triggering a hydrogen device something like a standard atomic bomb explosion must be produced. Material-wise, this is costly. And there are reasons to believe that the present heat-pressure require- ments for touching off a hydrogen oiioa an tiian that f which can be produced by a single atomic bomb. Dr. W. F. Libby of the University of Chicago, in a report Saturday to the American Physical Society here, said there was a big increase in the atmosphere last November of the amount of tritium, a pos- sible ingredient of H-bombs. He made no mention of H-bombs, but other scientists noted that- the dates he cited coincided with atom- ic tests at Eniwetok. Will Us. Bikini The atmosphere normally con- tains only very minute quantities of tritium, a form of hydrogen. Libby said that between Oct. 14 and Nov. 17, the amount in the air tripled, and then gradually went back to normal. He said such an increase could be caused by a period of drought. Atomic Comminino a month ago made plain that Eni- wetok Atoll, used for big-scale since 1948, is too small for new tests. The AEC said it now will begin to use Bikini Atoll, locale for the 1946 tests against naval vessels. Use of Bikini, an abandoned and deserted atoll since the 1946 tests. is necessary to "accommodate the rapidly expanding program of de- veloping and testing new and im- proved nuclear said tiie AEC. It added that Eniwetok remain the headquarters and prin- cipal operating base for the Pacific Proving Grounds. Taken together, this suggested that Bikini, lacking the housing, laboratories, dock facilities and other permanent installations .of Eniwetok, may be used for supej- explosions which could dMtoqr fecilitiw later afeK
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