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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 25, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Cooler Tonight With Occasional Rain River Stage 24-Hwr (Flood 11) Today 6.82 .19 Year Ago 16.80 .40 VOLUME 53, NO. 58 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, APRIL 25, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGE! 3 Escape at St. Cloud Reformatory Russia Agrees To Peace Talks U.S. Collected Billions in Taxes in 1952 WASHINGTON federal government collected 68V4 billion dollars in all forms of taxation during 1952, che Byreau of Internal Revenue announced today. That was nearly billion dol- lars, or 22 per cent, more than to- tal federal taxation in the previous calendar year. Last year was the first calendar year in which all the post-Korea tax increases were operative a full 12 months. The biggest increases were in corporation income and profits taxes and individual income taxes. Taxes from corporations' went up 34 per cent, from in 1951 to in 1952. Total federal individual income and employment tax collections rose nearly 20 per cent, from in 1951 to in 1952. TODAY West Eyes Pressure On Laos By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON As the fateful Korean truce talks are resumed, the hope lingers on in official cir- cles that iie Soviets and their Chi- nese Communist allies are genuine- ly eager for an easing of world tensions. But this hope is notably dimmer than it was a few weeks ago. The main reason for this dim- ming of hope is to be found in the small, little-known, jungle-cov- ered state of Laos, in Indochina. The Communist invasion of Laos may be directly connected with the Soviet-Chinese initiative which has led to the Korean truce talks. If this is so, it may also be that the invasion of Laos and the current Soviet peace offensive, including the Korean truce talks, were plan- ned some time ago, before the death of Stalin. Both the Chinese and Indochi- nese Communists began hammer- ing on a new propaganda theme even before Stalin died. The new theme is menacingly reminiscent of Japan's war-time drive for a "Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere." The Communists have been beating the drums for the creation of a "Greater Thai Area." New Red State This new "Democratic Peoples' Republic" would consist of Laos which is largely inhabited by Thais, the northern state of Burma, and of course, Thailand it- self. Such place names have little meaning to most Americans, which is one reason why the Communist invasion of Laos, which took place after the Soviet peace offensive started, has not received much at- tention. For the "Greater Thai Area" is in fact the heartland of South East Asia: If this area falls into Communist hands, the rest of Burma and Indochina will be flanked, and the British position in Malaya rendered almost unten- able. South East Asia, in turn, with its immense reservoir of untap- ped riches and its strategic situa- tion, is the key to all Asia. The invasion of Laos by Indo- chinese Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap's forces is a losical first step in a drive to establish the "Great Thai Area." Area Defenseless Laos iijvirtually defenceless. Ag- ing King Sisavang Von.i> has a few thousand native troops. But the Laotians are a cheerful, indolent, and notably unmartial people, and it is highly improbable that they will put up much of a fight against Giap's hardened guerrilla veter- ans. The French are trying desper- ately to reinforce their Laotian garrison, which amounts to hardly more than a corporal's guard. But reinforcements are possible only by air, and the rainy .season, which will transform the Laotian air- fields imo a sea of mud, soon starts. There is a risk involved for the Communist forces, to be risk that the French and loyal In- dochinese will be able to cut off their supply lines at the base. But full Communist control of Laos un- (Continued on Page 13, Column 8) ALSOPS Flatly Rejects Some of Ike's Conditions By EDDY GILMORE MOSCOW Soviet Union agreed today to business-like dis- cussions with the West on the great controversies troubling peace but flatly rejected what appeared to be some conditions laid down by President Eisenhower. The Russian agreement was out- lined in a statement carried across the entire front pages of Moscow's principal the organ of the Soviet Communist party's Central Committee, and Izvestia, the organ of the Supreme Soviet. The Soviet government will wel- come any step of the American government or any other govern- ment if it is directed at the friend- ly settlement of difficult ques- the statement said. "This is it continued, "of the readiness of the Soviet side for serious business-like dis- i cussions of outstanding problems." I The statement added that the Russians would participate in di- rect conversations and, when nec- essary, in negotiations through the United Nations. Clear Wording Although it was unsigned and entitled solely "On the Address of President it seemed clear from the wording that it was correct to call the article a state- ment by the leadership of the So- viet Union. It was clearly and definitely an answer to Eisenhower's April 14 speech. (In that address, the President challenged the new Soviet govern- ment to prove its peace overtures by agreeing to global disarmament and taking concrete steps to end the tensions that threaten World War III. (Eisenhower said the first step toward peace must be the estab- lishment of an honorable armi- stice in Korea, followed by politi- cal discussions leading to free elections in a United Korea. He also called for an end, to Red ag- gression in Indochina and Malaya, an Austrian peace treaty unifi- cation of Germany and independ- ence for the East European satel- lites of Russia.) The Soviet statement sharply at- tacked some things Eisenhower said and many things that U. S. Secretary of State Dulles has said since the President made his ap- peal in speaking before the Amer- ican Society of Newspaper Editors. Referring directly to Eisenhow- er's remarks, the Soviet statement accused him of trying to threaten the USSR with atomic war. (Eisenhower said the alterna- tives to true peace endeavors i were: At worst "atomic at I best, "a life of perpetual fear and i Eisenhower's Plea The statement fully agreed with Eisenhower's plea for a lessening of tension and building peace but it accused him of not being very consistent in his remarks. "In his it declared, "the President of the United States for some reason considered it pos- sible to connect his proposals of peace with a whole series of pre- liminary conditions presented by him to the Soviet Union, although these claims are not reinforced by corresponding obligations from the side of the United States." Taft Counts on Democratic Aid In Tax Fight Balancing Budget May Require High Taxes Be Continued By JACK BELL WASHINGTON Re- publican leader Taft said today he expects Democratic support if the Eisenhower administration seeks to continue present high taxes temporarily in its efforts to bal- ance the budget. And Sen. Russell of Georgia, one of the most influential Demo- cratic senators, said in an inter- view: "If the President takes the lead in the matter, it is my judgment that a majority of the Democratic senators will give the administra- tion the tax measures necessary to j maintain the revenue yield where it is." 'Common Sense' Senate Democratic leader Lyn- don Johnson of Texas last Sun- day endorsed as "just common sense" President Eisenhower's plan to bring a balanced budget j in view before cutting taxes. The Treasury reported yesterday its tax receipts for the calendar year ending Dec, 31, 1952 totaled 68'A billion dollars. Calling this Taft said continued receipts at this rate would make it easier for the Republicans to balance the budget for the fiscal year beginning July 1. Former President Truman esti- mated income for that fiscal year at taking into ac- count provisions of law by which the excess profits tax would end July 1 and individual income taxes would go down 10 per cent on Jan. 1. Taft said the new administration soon will know whether those or similar taxes would be needed to balance spending. Budget Requests "It will depend largely on the military budget requests made by the the Ohioan said. "When those are in, we can figure how much revenue will be needed to avoid a deficit." Truman estimated defense Mrs. Eisenhower posed at the White House Friday with Mrs. James B. Fatten, Columbus, 0., retiring president general of the DAR, left, and Miss Gertrude Carraway, right, of New Bern, N. C., new DAR' head. The lei Mrs. Eisenhower holds was presented by the DAR members from Honolulu. (AP Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald) spending for the year at but Pentagon officials have said it may go higher. U.S. Infantry Cuts Down Red Attacking Unit SEOUL U. S. in'antry- men, using bayonets, rifle butts and hand grenades, cut down about one-third of a 500 to 750-man Com- munist force that smashed against Allied lines in Central Korea today. Fifty Chinese attackers who jumped into the American tranches were wiped out. In all, nearly 200 Reds were killed or wounc.ed in three hours of bloody fighting, the j Eighth Army said. The rest of the Red attack force scurried for cover under withering fire from the 3rd U. S. Infantry Division. The Reds hit an American out- post and nearby main line posi- tion just east of Jackson Heights about midnight. 100 More Allied POWs Released By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN PANMUNJOM 100 Allied a bonus number of Americans, British and Turks-were freed today as the Communists kept their promise to continue the exchange of sick and wounded captives beyond the original limit. LUIUCU Uaynvco w-j- The Reds said they would free 13 more Americans and 71 dis- abled South Koreans tomorrow as truce negotiators return to this neutral zone for the first full dress armistice talks since last Oct. 8. Seventeen Americans, four Brit- ish, four Turks and 75 South Ko- reans came back today, bringing the total to the 600 the Reds said they would exchange in six days. But of the total: 136 were more than promised. 32 were more than promised. 15 Turks Included 15 were to the number of non-Koreans the Reds said they would exchange aside from British and Americans. 17 others included men from Colombia, Australia, Canada, South Africa, Greece, The Philippines and The Netherlands. 400 were South Koreans. Both sides have said they would continue the exchange beyond the 600 originally pledged by the Reds and the promised by the U. N. Command. Neither side has said how many more it will trade, but some ob- servers have speculated the ex- change could go on indefinitely. The U. N. Command proposed Friday that sick and wounded be exchanged continuously while hos- tilities continue. The Reds have not replied. A South Korean lieutenant freed Saturday said the Communists Freighter Rams Into Breakwater At Superior SUPERIOR 432-foot freighter, loaded with grain, ram- med into the breakwater within the Superior harbor Friday night, ripping a hole in the bow. Efforts to free the vessel today were thwart- ed by a vicious 50-mile per hour northeast wind off Lake Superior. Although the fortpeak of the dis- abled ship, the J. J. H. Brown, was flooded, neither the crew nor the cargo was in immediate dan- ger, according to a radio message this morning from Captain A. H. Dennis. Keel ballast tanks have been, flooded to give the craft sta- bility and enable the storm. it to ride out Meantime, two Coast Guard cut- ters the Woodrush and the Wood- bine, are en route here to give assistance. In a furious wind and snow- storm several tugs put out from Superior but the high seas pre- vented the small craft from get- ting close 'to the stricken freighter. they returned to port and ra- dioed the Coast Guard for assist- ance. The mishap occurred at the same spot where the Freighter Hobson piled up in 1948 on the break- water. It took several days to get the ship off. President Plays Golf WASHINGTON President Eisenhower went golfing today. The President left the White House for Burning Tree Golf Club in nearby Maryland this morning after receiving several callers in his office. GIs View Golden Brilliance of 7th A-Blast LAS VEGAS, Nev. tf) One of vantage point was the strongest of the spring series' most brilliant and powerful atomic bombs ex- ploded with golden brilliance be- fore dawn today as 16 congress- men and troops from all over the nation looked on. Shortly after the blast, touched off from a 300-foot tower at a.m. troops climbed from their trenches yards from ground zero and advanced in a tactical maneuver. The shot, at the Atomic Energy Commission's Yucca Flat test site 75 miles! northwest, was a thing of beauty as seen from.here. As it flared a skyfull of fleecy clouds, invisibjp in the darkness an instant before, were momentarily printed with gold. Control Tower Observers at the control tower, where the congressmen were sta- tioned, 10 miles from ground zero, said the shock wave at their the series. It broke light bulbs and window panes in outbuildings. The flash was seen as far away as San Francisco 800 miles dis- tant. A Navy AD-2 Skyraider Drone plane, flown into the churning cloud, crashed. Such craft carry instruments to obtain scientific da- ta, which is relayed to the ground by radio. Fifty-two aircraft, including six B-47 stratojets and six B-50s, were in the air on various missions. The Army maneuver was con- ducted by two combat teams of men each. With them in the trenches were 250 military observ- ers. And in trenches an undisclosed distance closer to ground zero were eight officer volunteer observers. The Army said there were no casualties. The shock wave rattled windows here but was not strong u that of a previous air-drop shot, hold "more than riously sick and a thousand se- wounded South Korean prisoners" near Manpo in North Korea. No Litter There were no litter cases among the Americans, British and Turks exchanged Saturday, Some limped slightly, but otherwise all appeared to be in fairly good phy- sical condition. The Americans included a Navy fighter pilot, an Air Force enlisted man, four Marines and 11 soldiers. Everything was in readiness for the return of the top-level truce negotiators at 11 a.m. Sunday (9 p.m. Saturday, Originally scheduled for Saturday, the meet- ing was postponed one day at the Communists' request. Only one major iss_ue stands in the way of an armistice. The U.N. Command refuses to. return some Chinese and North Korean prisoners who have said they do not want to go home. The Com- munists have insisted .on the re- turn of all prisoners of war. Red China's Premier Chou En- lai proposed last month that pris- oners who refuse repatriation be turned over to a neutral country pending a decision on their future. He made it clear, however, that window. 13 HU-ulUf Oiivi., __ which broke a downtown store the Communists expect all of them ultimately to return home. To Talki The U. N. Command in agreeing to resume the truce talks sug- gested Switzerland as the neutral, but re-emphasized that there can be no modification of its stand against forced repatriation. The talks were broken off last fall after failure to settle this point. As the transfer of disabled pris- oners continued Saturday, another 38 Allied repatriates were flown from Korea to Japan for hospital treatment before returning to the United States. Meanwhile, the U. N. prisoner of war command said Chinese prisoners on Cheju Island have turned on Red agitators inside their stockades in recent days. Fifteen agitators were beaten so severely that three died-later, the command said. Spectacular Flash Besides the spectacular flash, which rivaled last week's beauty, observers were treated to an un- usual cloud formation. As the cloud shot upward a succession of daz- zling white icecaps formed on its top. Two of these spread outward around the soaring mushroom stem forming a double collar effect. The troop maneuver in this, the seventh explosion of the series, was one of the largest ever held at the proving ground. This was the first of four tests to which congressmen have been invited-by Rep. W. Sterling Cole chairman of the Joint Atomic Energy Committee. Those who accepted invitations to ob- serve included John A. Blatnik, and H. R. Gross (R- States Expect Full Victory on Submerged Oil Sen. Morse Talks Around the Clock Against Measure By HARRISON B. HUMPHRIES WASHINGTON to- day predicted victory without com- promise for a bill to establish state ownership of offshores sub- merged bill against which Sen. Morse (Ind-Ore) talked longer than around the clock for a Senate record. It was far and away the longest speech in the current debate, start- ing at a. in. yesterday and going deep into today's early hours. It beat at least one other effort for which a record was a 15 hour, 35 minute marathon by the late Sen. Huey P. Long, Louisiana Democrat, in 1935. But the proponents of state own- ership had renewed support from President Eisenhower and one highly placed supporter of the measure said in an interview "there will be no compromise on this bill." He predicted the long-talking opposition will be forced into sub- mission next week. President Speaki Before the President spoke out yesterday, Senate Republican leader Taft of Ohio said he was exploring the possibility of modifi- cations in the legislation on which both sides could agree. The President called for prompt passage of the bill and said he was "deeply concerned" over the delay of his legislative program caused by prolonged Senate debate entering its 18th day today. On the merits of the submerged lands bill, Morse said it was so worded as possibly to prevent the building of dams by the federal government on lands under navi- gable streams. He noted that the bill prohibits "use" of such lands by the federal government. Morse also criticized the indef- inite provisions of the bill in defin- ing state boundaries. He said the Senate should accept the recom- mendation of Atty. Gen. Brownell that the boundaries be fixed by a map. He declared also that recogni- tion of states' boundaries beyond the territorial limit of three miles usually asserted by the federal government invites reprisals from other nations and constitutes a threat to U, S. fishermen. Texas and Florida claim up to 10V4 miles. Morse at one point contended that "the big press of the country is lined up" with proponents of state ownership and that only aft- er the long-talk tactics began did the debate get much coverage. But Sen. Douglas help- ing Morse out with questions, sug- gested editors may not have thought stories about the sub- merged lands were newsworthy, Morse said "with some exceptions, objectivity permeates Washington correspondents." He agreed with Douglas that working newspaper men in Washing- ton "with certain exceptions ob- serve a very high degree of jour- nalistic ethics." Douglas declared that the St. Louis Post-Dispatch had given sup- port for federal ownership without which "this fight would have been almost hopeless." Morse asserted there is "not a single paper great- er than the St. Louis Post-Dis- patch" in the country. Sen. "Henry M. Jackson (D- an opponent of the bill, said in an interview a final vote probably would come by next Thursday or Friday. All-night ses- sions are planned next week if the debate goes on. The President's views were ex- pressed in a letter to Sen. Ander- son (D-NM) who, with 24 other senators, had asked his position on boundary claims by the states be- yond tha traditional three-mile limit. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Cloudy and cooler tonight with occasional rain. Sunday partly cloudy and cool. Low tonight 34, high Sunday 47. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 59; minimum, 45; noon, 46; precipitation, .82; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Maximum temperature 52 at p. m. Friday; minimum 45 at noon today. Noon readingsVJ3ver7 cast at 800 feet, wind 10 milefe hour from northeast; visibility un- der two miles; barometer 29.41, falling; humidity 100 per cent. Raymond Webb, top, Rich- ard Lloyd, center, and Jerry Duncan bottom, escaped from, the St. Cloud Reformatory early today by going over the wall after sawing a bar in the infirmary. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Rochester Youth Charged With Manslaughter ROCHESTER, Minn. UP) A 17 year old Rochester boy was charg- led today with first degree man- slaughter for the "commando jgame" slaying of his high school friend. I William J. Mueller was named Jin a complaint signed by Sheriff I Gerald E. Cunningham. Mueller is i to appear in municipal court at j 9 a. m. Monday. An Olmsted County coroner's jury recommended the manslaugh- ter charge after hearing four hours of testimony Friday in the shoot- ,ing of Sanford Ward Jr., 16, last Saturday. Mueller, who is being held in jail here, has signed a statement saying he and Ward were playing 1 a "commando game" in a nearby stone quarry. William P. Bennyhoff, Minnesota Crime Bureau agent, and Judd Reifsnider, a deputy sheriff, said they were continuing an investiga- tion of the shooting despite Muel- ler's statement. "I know that Mueller is capable of telling a lie." Bennyhoff told the jurors. "I feel that the fatal shot may have been fired from some other position than he Reifsnider said he believed the shot was fired from a range closer than that Mueller has said. The youth earlier admitted his first story, that the youths had ex- changed rifles before the was false. Officers said there was no evi- dence of any quarrel between the two schoolmates. Mueller, in his statement, explained that the "commando" game called for one of the two participants both armed to reach a previously agreed upon objective without being seen and fired upon by the other. m Anderson Vetoed Bill on Separate State Post Tests ST. PAUL Gov. Anderson late Friday used a veto against a bill setting up separate promo- tional examinations for state Civil Service posts- He said the bill would make it necessary to conduct individual tests for every job that opens up in the state government. Saw Through Bar on Window, Scale High Walls Trio Flees at Night by Way Of Infirmary ST. CLOUD, Minn. W) Three St. Cloud reformatory sawed through a bar on a window and escaped over the big, grey walls of the institution early today. It was the first time in the mem- ory of present reformatory person- nel that any inmate had escaped over the walls. The three, serving terms for lar- ceny, robbery and using an auto without permission, had all been admitted to the reformatory infirm- ary with minor ailments. Reformatory officlali identified the three as Jerry Duncan, Richard Lloyd and Raymond Webb, aE 26. The unusual escape was dis- covered at 6 a. m. today. A half- hour before, a guard said the three were in their beds. The three left their general ward beds and went into an X-ray room, remote from the main, infirmary. A one-inch bar over a window wai sawed through. The trio then apparently dropped the eight feet to tie ground, got a long plank from a storage room. and. leaned it against the wall. They reached one of the guard and apparently used ropes to slidg to freedom. The wall was 18 feet high the three went over. The ropes are ordinarily used by guards to pull up water and food for themselves while they are' on duty in the towers from a. m. to 5 p. m. daily. Grand Larceny Duncan wag committed from Itasca County Jan. 25, 1952, for first degree grand larceny; Lloyd from Hennepin County Sept. for using a car without permis- sion, and Webb, from Morrison County Feb. 10, 1953, for first de- gree attempted robbery and four prior convictions. Webb had orig- inally been sent to Stillwater prison Sept. 21, 1950. All have out-of-state addresses, but Duncan and Lloyd have wivei in Minneapolis. Occasionally in the past, reforma- tory inmates have escaped, but usually from work parties outsida the walls. There have been three previous escapes from within the institution, but the inmates have gone thrbugh gates. Warden Carl Jackson is on vaca- tion in Canada. These descriptions were given by the warden's office: Duncan, 5 feet 8 inches tall, 134 pounds, green eyes, chestnut hair, freckled, sallow complexion; Lloyd, 5 feet 7 inches; 158 pounds, blue eyes, dark chest- nut hair; sallow complexion; Webb, 6 feet, 1 inch, 174 pounds, "slate and maroon" eyes, dark brown hair, sallow complexion, wears glases occasionally. The three are believed to be wearing khaki prison uniforms, but they may have changed into differ- ent clothing obtained in the storage room where they got the plank, Bill Extending Rent Curbs Goes To White House WASHINGTON W The Senate passed and sent to the White House today a bill to extend rent controls to July 31-in areas which now have them. Some dwelling units affected. Of these, about are in communities which voted last year to continue the under federal legislation. Another are in areas designated as critical because of the growth of defense activities. The House had passed the meai- ure on Thursday. The Senate action by voice vots came after leaders agreed to lay aside temporarily a submerged lands ownership bill which has been under debate for more than three weeks. President Eisenhower is expected to sign the rent bill promptly. Present authority for rent con- trols ends April 30 next Thurs- day. The extension was asked by Ei- senhower to give state and other local bodies a chance to enact their own control meas- ures if they want. The extension had been asked to Oct. 1, but a House committee first voted to let..the controls die next week. The 90-day extension was agreed to a compromise. ni
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