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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 15, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Windy, Rain, Snow Tonight; Cold Thursday River Stage (Flood 13) Today 8.63 Year Ago 24-Hevr .08 .28 VOLUME 53, NO. 49 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, APRIL 15, 1953 TWENTY-TWO PAGES Thii Picture Shows an air view of the wreck of the twin-engined transport that crashed Tuesday in the rugged Cascade Mountains 40 miles southeast of Seattle. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) 19 in Air Crash Rescued, 6 Dead SEATTLE followed a trail of blood left in deep snow by a plucky stewardess yesterday and brought 19 airline crash sur- vivors out of the wild Cascade Mountains. Six persons were killed in the crash. The DCS plane, chartered by the Army to fly 22 servicemen from TODAY McCarthy Riding By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON Sen. Jo- teph R. McCarthy apparently rid- ing higher than ever, it is time to have a good, hard, realistic look 'at his real political strength and i she said. "I had to see if I couldn't future political prospects. The i get out and get some help. One of luuiie yunui.ai v y ,i those boys up there had one of shrewdest and most experienced his legs almost torn off_ He was ibservers on Capitol Hill, includ- suffering terribly." ing members of both parties, all The death toll was not higher make much the same points when because trees broke the plane's Scranton, 'Pa., and Washington, ID. C., to Seattle, plunged into thick trees after one of its two engines failed and ice formed on its wings. Arduous, day-long rescue work began after the stewardess, Mrs. Adra Long Berkeley, Calif., was spotted hobbling down the mountainside. Her winding foot- prints were splotched with blood. She had struggled six miles from the crash despite a long gash in her leg and severe chest injuries. She told rescuers she regained consciousness after the crash "still sitting in my chair. I had been thrown clear of the plane." This was at approximately a. m. The position: 40 miles south- east of Seattle at the level. Snow was five feet deep, couldn't stand it up Map shows where wreckage was found Senate Resumes Shell Shortage Investigation By DON WHITEHEAD WASHINGTON re- turn to their inquiry into ammuni- tion shortages in Korea today after successfully ducking around a roadblock that had been thrown up by Sen. Morse They called in the Army's top ordnance, supply and accounting chiefs to give their version of why ammunition production did not get rolling until two years after the start of the Korean War. Gen. James A. Van Fleet, re- tired former commander of the U, S. Eighth Army, has saiS his troops were short of ammunition during all the 22 months he" was in Korea. Pentagon officials have denied that, saying there were only spot shortages of some types. Today's witnesses were Maj. Gen. E. L. Ford, chief of ord- nance; Lt. Gen. W. B. Palmer, Army G4 in charge of procurement and movement of supplies; and Lt, Gen. G. H. Decker, Army comptroller. But it took a little fast parlia- mentary footwork for the Senate armed services subcommittee to reopen the hearings in the face of Morse's objections. Senate committees normally ask are Senate's un- animous permission to conduct committee work while debate is in progress on the Senate floor. Morse served notice he would not give his consent to these meetings dur- they are asked to take such a look at McCarthy. Their conclusions, will not please those who like to think that McCarthy is a minor and transitory phenomenon, may be listed as follows: ONE. It is almost universally agreed that McCarthy's objective is the Presidency, and nothing less. It is also agreed that the Republi- can party as now constituted will never give him its Presidential nomination. The two-party ma- chinery, indeed, tends to squeeze out the extremists witness the fate of Henry Wallace, when he went over to the extreme left. Has Own Aims But McCarthy will have no com- punctions at all about wrecking the Republican party, if this seems to serve his purposes. His contempt for his own party was amply dem- onstrated during the battle over the confirmation of Charles E. Bohlen as Ambassador to the So- viet Union. He then implied clear- ly that the Republican Secre- tary of State was a liar. He ar- rogantly defied both the Senate Re- publican leader and the chairman of the Republican Policy Commit- tee. And at least by implication, he also attacked the Republican President. TWO. Powerful McCarthy back- ers, notably Col. Robert R. Mc- Cormick of the Chicago Tribune, have already proclaimed the death of the Republican party, and call- ed for a new party. Barring the most unlikely chance of capturing the Republican party, it is pre- sumably McCarthy intentions to ride to power with such a new party as his vehicle. THREE. McCarthy has certain very great assets. For the first time in modern American political history, he.has succeeded in uniting behind him the whole assortment of small, proto-Fascist extremist groups. These have existed for a long time, but despite their at- tempts to poison the political atmosphere, they have heretofore been hardly more than a nuisance. Now they are all together in one movement, which can exercise a balance of power in key areas. Plenty of Money McCarthy has also demonstrat- ed an appeal, never enjoyed by the Gerald L. K. Smith type of pro- fessional demagogue, to certain solid conservative elements. Mc- Carthy has plenty of financial backing. He has important support In the press and on the radio. Fin- ally he has already shown that he (Continued on Page 5, Column 4) ALSOPS fall. Wings were torn from the craft. The fuselage broke in two, the forward section badly smashed and the rear half virtually intact. co-pilot and four serv- The only other survivor to walk out was Pvt. Odell Matthews of Washington, D. C. All the others were carried to a tiny helicopter landing spot less than a mile from the wreckage and to trucks which followed bulldozers up the moun- tain to within a quarter mile of th2 cold and pain-wracked survi- vors. One of the survivors who spent the day awaiting rescue was Pvt. Howard Wormuth, 21, Carbondale, Pa., who said the plane had had engine trouble out of Chicago and had to return there for servicing. submerged lands debate, which is expected to continue for several more days. But while Morse was absent from the Senate floor yesterday having lunch, Sen. Ferguson (R- Mich) asked and received unani- mous consent of the senators pres- ent for the ammunition hearings to be held for the next two weeks even though the Senate is in ses- sion. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and windy, turning colder tonight. Light rain or snow in evening. Thursday mostly cloudy and cold. Low to- night 28, high Thursday 40. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 57; minimum, 36; noon, 45; precipitation, 79; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 55 at p.m. Tues- day, Min. 44 at a.m. today. Noon overcast at 000 feet, ceiling ragged, visibility 10 miles with light rain, wind 11 miles per hour from north north- west, barometer 29.39 falling, hu- midity 90 per cent. Rescuers Put Two Survivori in a truck and lifted another on a stretcher late Tuesday night on a logging road near the scene where six were killed and 19 saved. In the truck were Pvts. Howard Wormuth, Carbcndale, 111., and Oatis Fincham, Culpepper, Va. On stretcher was Pvt. Anthony Lacertoso, Dumore, Pa. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) House Passes Huge State Aid School Bill Measure to Transfer to Junior Colleges Defeated ST. PAUL WV-The Minnesota House of Representatives today passed a huge state school aid bill after defeating a move to transfer a year from the dedicated 1 income tax school fund for sup- port of nine junior colleges. The junior college amendment failed 71-50. Then the bill passed 121-0. The amendment was hotly debated before the votes. Rep. Gordon Forbes, Worthington, led the move to amend the 150 million dollar state aid school bill so that financial help could go to junior colleges at Worthington, Aus- tin, Brainerd, Hibbing, Rochester. I Virginia, Ely, Eveleth and Coler- j aine. The House Tuesday afternoon i beat down three attempts to in- 1 crease the state basic school aid above per pupil unit, as passed by the Senate and recommended by the House Appropriations Com- mittee. Liberal Bloc The amendment by Forbes, a conservative, brought considerable support from liberal bloc. Among those urging passage of the amend- ment were Reps. Charles Halsted, Brainerd; Richard Silvola, Virgin- ia; Fred Cina, Aurora; Vladimir Sh'ipka, Calumet, and A. I. John- son, Benson, all liberals; Leo Mad- den, Eyota and Fred Schwanke, Deerwood, both conservatives. "It has been established and authorized by the Legislature .since Forbes said, "that the junior college is the only unit of public education in the state that does not get some form of state from the kindergarten through the university. "Outside of a few limited geo- graphical areas in the state, there is no opportunity for young people to get higher education. It's a mat- ter of accident where they are born and the financial resources of their parents, whether they get a chance to get a college education. "The cheapest way for them is to go junior colleges for education in their own communities." Forbes explained that junior col- leges now are supported by local tax levies on real and personal pro- perties. Chief opposition centered on the diversion of funds from the income tax receipts. The big school aid bill has al- ready passed the Senate. The House failed to reach the measure Tuesday, 24 hours after the Senate passed it. Both bills would increase basic aid which goes to all school districts from per pupil to The House bill also calls for a 14 per cent boost in equalization aids, while the Senate voted to hold these aids at their present level. Equaliza- tion aids go to poor districts. The measure must go to a conference committee after House passage. Present Balance The state department of educa- tion has estimated that aids pro- posed in the House bill will cut the present 50 million dollar bal- ance in the income tax school fund to about 13 millions during the next two years. Under the Senate version, the estimated bala nee would be 17 million dollars, i The Senate slightly revived hopes I of supporters of the bill to give j arrest powers to state liquor agents. On motion of Sen. Harry Wahl- i strand Willmar, the Senate re- called'the bill from the Liquor Control Committee, which had tab- led it. While the motion was ap- proved, 38-23. several who voted for recall said they would not vote to support the bill further. The measure has the backing of Governor Andean. Even after Tuesday's vote, its backers ad- mitted there appeared little chance it could get over the remaining hurdles. The bill now goes to the bottom of a list of more than 350 meas- ures. To win a further hearing by the Senate, it must be made a special order of business which takes 45 votes. And then it must go back to the House, where it passed earlier, since it was re- written by the Senate group. The fact that only six working days remain before the end of the ses- sion adds to the difficulties. The Senate' refused to grant special orders for two other con- troversial proposals, which has the practical effect of killing them for this session. Losing Measure! One of the losing measures would abolish present housing authorities and turn their powers and duties over to city councils. The other was a resolution asking President Eisenhower to rescind the presidential ban on flying over the wilderness area of the Super- ior National Forest. Backers of the resolution said their purpose was to make clear that the state, not the federal government, has the right to such regulation. Its opponents claimed that the resolution would give the impression the state is no longer interested in preserving the wilder- U.N. Planes Spot Red POWTrucks Chinese Reds Make Trouble On Way Home Stage Sit-Down Aboard Repatriation Ship at Pusan By GEORGE SWEERS PUSAN, Korea 750 dis- abled Chinese Communist prison- ers today staged a 2'A-hour sit- jdown strike aboard a U. S. land- ing ship which brought them here on the first leg of a journey to Panmunjom for repatriation home. A reliable source said North Ko- rean prisoners on Koje Island also have balked. No figures were men- tioned, but two more landing ships carrying North Korean disabled prisoners from Koje were due here this afternoon. The Chinese filed slowly off the LST which brought them from Cheju Island only after American guards carrying bayoneted rifles and wearing gas masks boarded the ship. The sitdown strike apparently was an attempt to embarrass the Allies rather than to avoid being repatriated. All the Chinese pre- viously had said they wanted to go home. Nuisance Demands "They were the usual nuisance demands to harass said a U. S. officer. "Put it this said Brig. Gen. Lionel McGarr, chief of the Allied Prisoner of War Command, "These people are Communists. There is always the possibility of trouble up to the last man." Most of the prisoners were sick with tuberculosis and other dis- eases. Here and there was an am- putee who had lost one or more limbs. At a.m. after Ameri- can military policemen had car- ried 15 or 20 litter cases off the LST, and a handful of amputees had hobbled off on homemade wooden pegs and Army-issued crutches, the leader of the Chi- nese still aboard shouted that no more would debark. There was a murmur of approval from other Chinese throughout the hold of the ship. Not a prisoner budged. Col. Richard D. Boerem of On- tario, Calif., deputy commander of the POW Command, told the Chi- nese over a loud speaker at p.m.: Ordered to Move "You have refused a lawful or- der to land.... "I don't care to talk to your representative. You will have to move out at once." At this point one of the prison- ers yelled, "No, we won't do it. We will all stay here. We won't move." Col. Boerem repeated: "You have refused to obey two lawful to line up and then to file out in single file in order to proceed with the move- ment towards repatriation at Pan- munjom. I am now giving you 30 minutes to reply." An interpreter translated Boer- em's warning into Chinese, The Chinese still had not moved when the half hour was up. At minutes after Col. Boerem's deadline a truck pulled up to the pier and began issuing gas masks to Amer- ican guards and the officers of the Prisoner 'of War Command. Two armored cars with machine guns were stationed at each end of the LST. At 1 p.m. about 20 armed guards boarded the ship. A few minutes later another group of 20 wearing gas masks went aboard. Boerem, wearing a gas mask, moved up the gang plank behind the troops. Guards formed a box around the gang plank. Correspondents were not allowed aboard. The sound of whistles was heard on the dock. There was no sound to indicate a riot or the use of force on the ship. No Used Prisoner of War Command offi- cers said no force vras used. About p.m. the guards took off their gas masks. Boerem came off the ship with- out his gas mask. The prisoners began filing down the gangplank at p.m. Just before the Chinese started coming off, an American officer told correspondents: "Most of their demands have been resolved as of now." All of the prisoners wore white medical tags. Most carried blank- ets slung over their shoulders. They wore newly issued U. S. Thomas Page Eaton, 2, became the victim Tuesday of poisoned wieners tossed into his back yard, apparently intended for his pet dogs, Cisco and Blackjack. Mrs. Mary Eaton, 29, gave her son an antidote of strong tea and burnt toast, then rushed him to a doctor's stomach pump. The Batons live in Houston, Tex. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) New Chef Takes. Over at State Prison STILLWATER, Minn. new chef today took over duties at the Stillwater prison, replacing Louis Gilles, whose liver patty menu last week precipitated five days of unrest and violence. The new chef is E. E. Gallimore, 42, former chef at the Moose Lake state mental hospital. Gilles was ousted late last week in compliance with demands made by striking inmates. The prisoners said that liver patties prepared by Gilles were "green and were and demanded the chef's imme- diate removal. Prison officials said today that no new disturbances have been re- ported in the troublesome "A" and "B" cell blocks. They did not indi- cate when the prisoners would be permitted to resume their regular work routine. Fuse Box Caused Prison Fire, Claim JOLIET, 111. coroner's jury ruled Tuesday that an overloaded electric fuse box caused a fire in Stateville Penitentiary last Friday in which two prisoners died. The jury also found that the vic- tims, John Johnson, 52, and John Piotrowski, 43, both of Chicago died of asphyxiation and third degree burns. They were trapped in the basement of the furniture factory when the fire broke out. Deputy State Fire Marshall Frank W. Seeger said he found a fuse box in the basement of the building with 30 ampere fuses in them instead of 20 ampere fuses. He said he thought the circuits be- came overloaded and caught fire. Warden Joseph E. Ragen esti- mated the damage at Senate Passes Bill Extending TC Programs ST. PAUL bill to give the five state teachers colleges the right to extend their present pro- grams to five years and award a master of arts degree in education was passed by the Senate today and sent to the governor. The vote was 38-18. Backers of the bill, led by Sens. Val Imm, Mankato, and Henry Sul- livan, St. Cloud, said the extended program would improve teachers training and provide better teach- ers for Minnesota schools. Chinese Steamer Carrying 40 Lost TAIPEH, Formosa UP) A small Chinese Nationalist steamer, the Lien Sheng, was reported missing Tuesday with more than 40 pas- sengers. Two Convoys Move Through North Korea Some Americans Reported Among First Detachment By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN M U N S A N, Korea planes today spotted two truck convoys highballing sick and wounded U. N. war prisoners to- ward the gate to freedom at Pan- munjom. There was no report of a third convoy the Reds said also is mov- ing south through North Korea. The three convoys are carrying part of 600 disabled U. N. troopi to be traded for Red sick and injured beginning Monday. Meanwhile, the U. N. Command said 930 Chinese prisoners are be- ing readied for more than the 700 the Allies told Red liaison at Panmunjom would be returned as sick and wounded. There was no immediats explanation for the higher figure. There was no report here on any further action toward revival of the full-scale armistice talks. Want Talks Re-opened The Communists have been pressing the U. N. Command to reopen negotiations but the UNO has said exchange of the sick and injured must come first. The truce talks have been deadlocked for a year and suspended since last Oct. 8 over the issue of prisoner repatri- ation, last big barrier to a truce, I n Washington, authoritative sources said the UNC is expected to agree soon to a resumption, of the talks. They also said the UNC prob- ably would agree to a Red proposal that Communists who refuse to go home be placed under control of a single neutral Switzer- land preferred as that nation. The Allies refuse to return any prisoner against his will. The Reds have insisted that all war prisoners-be repatriated. Some Americans Irt First Convoy PANMUNJOM, Korea Iff) .A Communist correspondent today said at least 20 of about 65 trucks reportedly carrying sick and wounded .Allied prisoners through North Korea for an exchange here next week contain Americans, Bri- tons and other non-Koreans. The correspondent, Wilfred Bur- chett of the French Red newspaper LIHumanite, indicated that the trucks carrying the non-Koreans would arrive at Kaesong, the Communist truce camp, Friday. Burchett said a 20-truck convoy headed south this morning from the camp at Pyoktong. That camp, he is solely for non-Korean POWs. Communist Of War sat amid duffel bags at Camp No. 1 on Koje Island as they wait- ed to be moved to the Korean mainland on the first stage of a trip that will take them to Pan- munjom and exchange. These men are among the sick and wounded prisoners U.N. and Com- munist forces have agreed to start exchanging on April 20. (U. S. Army photo via radio and AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald)
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