Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 13, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight; Tuesday Partly Cloudy, Warmer River Stage (Flood 13) 24-Hour Today Year Ago 8.58 .07 16.85 VOLUME 53, NO. 47 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, APRIL 13, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES Free Election to Unite All of Korea Suggested President Eisenhower waved goodby as he prepared to board his personal plane for a flight to Augusta, Ga., for a golfing vaca- tion. The chief executive took off in the rain with other members of his family. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) e Ike Rests in Georgia, To Work on Talk By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH WASHINGTON Eisenhower flies to Augusta, Ga., to- day for a vacation of some quiet work on a major speech re- portedly dealing with foreign policy. The Chief Executive and Mrs. Eisenhower planned to leave aboard the presidential plane Columbine about 11 a.m. Making the trip, too, were, the Eisenhower's three grandchildren 5, Barbara Anne, 3, and Susan, mother, Mrs. John Eisenhower, snd the First Lady's mother, Mrs. John S. Dowd. A small staff of White House aides also was accompanying the President. He plans to stay at least a week at the Augusta National Golf Club on his third visit here since the November election and his second as president. To Address Editors Eisenhower will interrupt his vacation Thursday to fly back to TODAY By JACK BELL WASHINGTON Know- land (R-Calif) proposed today that the United Nations test the faith of Russian peace moves with a demand for free elections that might unite Korea. Knowland, chairman of the Sen- ate Republican Policy Committee, joined Senators Taft (R-Ohio) and Wiley (R-Wis) in casting doubt on the Kremlin's sincerity and in cautioning against letting the free world's guard down. Knowland flew to San Francisco today to address a meeting of the California State Dental Association, In a prepared text, made avail- able here, he suggested the Com- munists may want a truce in Ko- rea so Russia can have a year or two to stockpile atomic bombs while it hopes the free world dis- arms. "It becomes greatly important that we now give the acid test to determine the good faith of these Communist he said. "A clear demonstration would be on their attitude toward the immed- iate holding of United Nations supervised free elections in North Korea. "Then, with a united, free Ko- rea, the United Nations and the great powers should guarantee the independence, the territorial integ- rity and the neutrality of the Re- public of Korea." Knowland suggested .as further tests efforts to get an Austrian peace treaty ratified, and moves to force the holding of free elec- tions in Poland and in Communist- dominated China. Knowland's view about Soviet agreement to an Austrian peace treaty jibes- with .expressions by two foreign Chan- cellor Adenauer and Marshal Tito of Yugoslavia. an interview Belgrade _____ April 6, published in a copyrighted j js a bill extend "the Reciprocal article today by U. S. News and I Agreements Act, due to ex- World such action, plus Soviet agreement to unify Germany, would show a true de-puui sire for peace. But Tito, the only j at both e'nds of the Red ruler to have split with the i Capitol, the investigations which Kremlin, foresaw no end now to have most Of the headlines in this Congress will continue. Among other things, they deal with Communism, influence, ammuni- tion supplies. Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson of Tex- Congress Aims At Adjournment Early in July House Back in Session After Easter Vacation By WILLIAto F. ARBOGAST WASHINGTON Easter vacation ends for the House today, and both it and the Senate have been alerted to expect a hard work schedule from here on if they want to adjourn early in July. Long daily sessions and frequent Saturday meetings are likely. The House planned to skim through several noncontroversial bills today. The Senate, which had no extended Easter recess, sched- uled more debate on a bill to estab- lish state title to offshore sub- merged lands. That measure, under debate for more than a week already, may keep the Senate busy all this week. 90-Day Freeze Waiting behind it on the Senate docket is a controversial measure which would give the President power to freeze wages, prices and rents for as long as 90 days in a grave emergency. This bill would replace the wage-price-rent control act expiring April 30. Speaker Joseph W. Martin (R- boss of the an- nounced that Saturday sessions will be the rule rather than the excep- tion there from now until adjourn- ment time. Appropriations bills will have the right of way in tha House as quickly as the appropriations com- mittee can prepare them. Chair- man Taber (R-NY) of that com- mittee plans to send the bills to the House floor at the rate of two week- ly, starting with the Interior De- partment's budget this week. Pressing for early consideration pire June 12. House Ways and Means Committee hearings on this bill won't start until April 22. the cold war. Looks to Austria Adenauer was quoted during his talks with U. S: officials last week in Washington as saying Russia _ _ could best show peaceful intent by as thg Democratic leader, said accord on Austrian peace, German be anticipates from the unification and withdrawal of aid i Eisenhower administration "little to the Chinese Reds in Korea. new and far.reacnjng Too, Must Co-operate By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON "I speak my piece, and then it's up to them." This is the way President Eisen- hower has defined his relations with Congress to a recent visitor. All those around the President bear witness to his determination to "co-operate with Congress." This is a laudable only so long as Congress is equally deter- mined to co-operate with the Presi- dent. The existing relationship between Congress and the President pre- sents, in fact, a curious anomaly. Every sign suggests that the Presi- dent's popularity with' the voters is immense, and that he has a big majority in Congress for legislation the Administration really wants. Yet the Administra- Communist forces threaten the tion has not yet made up its col- Western Hemisphere and "strike lective mind just what it really j at the very ideals by which our does want. And thus the Congres-1 people live." sional reactionaries are seizing the Addressing representatives of 21 legislative ball and starting to run American republics meeting here The question of American aid to the Far East, with a possible shift of U. S. grants from Western Eu- Irope to the Orient, was explored by Secretary of State Dulles in testimony March IS before a House appropriations subcommittee. Washington to address a Uncheon meeting of the American Society of Newspaper Editors.' The im- portance of the speech is under- scored by arrangements for tele- vision and radio broadcast on all national networks. The White House said Eisen- hower plans to work on the speech in Augusta between rounds of golf. The theme is understood to be for- eign policy, and there have been reports the President may set forth a specific program designed to test the sincerity of Russian peace overtures. Eisenhower has said he is ac- yesterday, Dulles said: 1. The U. S, contribution to the North Atlantic allies, to be consid- ered this month in Paris, "could be considerably less" than now. 2. More help for Indochina, where the French have been fight- ing a long guerrilla war against the Communists, might permit large cutbacks there later. "Judging from the statements thus far issued, this administration seems to feel we have had Johnson said in a broad- cast recorded for Texas stations. "Possibly they are right." He said responsible congressional cuts until the budget can be brought near balance, and that appears doubtful this year. WEATHER to- FEDERAL FORECAST -____ Winona and money''ma'y "be needed night, Tuesday partly cloudy and to put lagging deliveries of prom-1 warmer. Low tonight 28, high Legislators Fight OverState Roads Working In A Cell Block Corridor littered with trash thrown from cells, Stillwater prison work- ers poured coffee and handed bags of food to in- mates following a weekend of bedlam and destruc- tion. Told Saturday morning they could not dic- tate terms of their imprisonment, the inmates FIRST FOOD IN 48 HOURS began yelling and throwing things. Many of the windows, right, were broken. Food was with- held until this morning, after the prisoners quiet- ed. Trusties served the food. A steward, right, directed the serving. (AP Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald) Convicts Simmer Down Under Eyes of Wary Prison Guards STILLWATER, Minn. For the first time since Saturday morning, food was erved -today to some 800 Stillwater State Prison inmates in two cell blocks damaged 6 cookies, fruit and coffee was massed out o shortly before 9 a. m., about 48 hours after the last meal. The prisoners afe the food ised goods to Formosa, the seat of Nationalist China, back on sched- ule. Tuesday 56. Two Minnesotans Among 12 Injured In Kansas Crash LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 Taft the Senate Republican I hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: leader', and Wiley, chairman of Maximum, 50; minimum, 31; i the Senate Foreign Relations Com-1 noon, 47; precipitation, none, mittee, voiced their skepticism of i Official observations for the 24 j injured Saturday in a highway ac- OTTAWA, Kan. Two Min- jnesotans were among 12 persons the Soviet peace overtures in week- 1 hours ending at 12 m. today: end interviews. i Maximum, 50; minimum, 29; cepting those overtures at face he thinks "Russia is I precipitation, none; sun IIP sn Inno thp Snvirt TIninn bdlu i '_ Sm riS6S _ _ nrnr.4- litllftrt loftinfT itc TTlOFrnW 3r n 'f.n he said in a speech yesterday that must not be lulled into letting its! morrow at militarv defense deteriorate or AIRPORT WEATHER agreeing to an unstable truce in [Korea. (No, Central Observations) Max. temp. 46 at noon, mm. 24 with it. Take one specific example. On April 7th, the President "spoke his piece" when he asked Congress to extend for one year the reciprocal trade agreements act, which ex- pires on June 12. As the President said in his message, this is a mat- ter of crucial importance, since it will determine the Administration's whole future economic policy. Yet the Republicans who hanker for the era of the Smoot-Hawley tariff are still very powerful in He said he doubts the Reds will I at a.m. Noon i agree to any truce in Korea except I scattered at and feet, i at the present battle line. But with visibility 15 plus, wind 6 miles per 1 CMULJ.UL. J Illtt LIU L, lltlt, i c t.i in the Pan American Union au. such a truce he said, war might ditorium, he said: Bound by Fear "These forces seek to bind na- tions not by trust but by fear. They seek to promote, among those of us who remain free and unafraid, the deadliest class against class, people against people, nation against nation. "Against those forces the widest oceans offer no sure defense. The seeds of -hate and of distrust can be borne by winds that heed no occur again at any time." hour from northwest, barometer 30.00 steady, humidity 71 per cent. j cident involving a bus, two trucks and three automobiles near here. One of three critically hurt was Harold Utzinger, 26, whose parents Rev. and Mrs. E. J. Utzinger live at Brainerd. Paul Thede, 24, son of Rev. and Mrs. Harvey Thede, Fairmont, Minn., suffered fractures of both legs. Utzinger suffered a broken back. Congress, and they are also repre- j frontier or shore. sented in the Administration. In] "Our defense, our only defense, the past, when a tariff act was about to expire, Democratic admin istrations have sent their own legis- lation to Congress early, in order is in our own spirit and our own. will." In the same speech, the Presi- dent announced that he is' sending to batter down the protectionist op- j his brother, Dr. Milton S. Eisen- position. This time, true to the j hower. president of Pennsylvania Presidential theory of "leaving it State College, to visit a number of up to no administration bill T was submitted. In this case, "them" turned out to be the Republican members of the House Ways and Means Com- mittee, by and large as Smoot-Haw- ley-minded a body as there is on Capitol Hill. No word having come from the White House, on March 30th Richard Simpson, with the powerful support of Committee Chairman Dan Reed, introduced his own bill. This bill, which will be the point of departure for Congres- sional consideration of trade poli- cy, is a remarkable piece of work. Messenger Boy Role In the first place, it strips the President himself of his power to. review recommendations of the Tariff Committee, casting him in the role of messenger boy for Con- (Conrinued on Page 4, Column 4) ALSO PS Latin-American countries. The President said he is anxious that the U. S. "be fully informed of the economic and social con- ditions now prevailing throughout our continent and of all the ef- forts being pressed to bring a bet- ter life to all our peoples." Russ Want Peace In Korea, Belief WASHINGTON Russians want peace in Korea, Sen. Hum- phrey (D-Minn) declared Sunday so they can free themselves to try and wean away America's allies in the Far East and Europe. The Soviets want to halt the fighting because "they've found the Korean war not to their advan- Humphrey said. Boys Of A Village on the outskirts of Mos- cow are well-equipped with rubber boots for the muddy streets they must travel when they leave their homes for play or school. The village is on the road to Molotov Kolkhoz from Moscow. Pic- ture was made by Eugene A. Simon of the Taren- tum, Pa., Valley Daily News during his recent 7-day tour of Moscow with other U. S. newspaper and radio executives. (AP Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald) in dead silence. The convicts were locked in their cells Saturday morning and told they could not dictate terms of their imprisonment. Yelling and window-breaking followed. Small rag and paper fires were started. Warden Edwin T. Swenson, who took over the post Saturday in the midst of the disturbance, ordered a wait-and-see policy. The clamor died down Saturday night, but burst out afresh from time to time Sunday. j At a.m., Warden Swenson talked to the prisoners over their radio loudspeaker system and told them "to be fed and get relief from the present situation...there is only one answer. "You will show conclusively that you can conduct yourselves pro- perly." Five deputy wardens stood in the cell blocks to check reaction to the warden's message. Loud applause and a few catcalls fol- lowed, then quiet. Kitchen workers pushed low carts into the cell blocks. They were load- ed with big wicker baskets full of brown paper bags and with cof- fee containers about the size of I ed prisoners, farm cream cans. The battleship New Jersey _ re- Ace Shoots Down Another Red Jet 7 More Bagged By STAN CARTER SEOUL Texas jet ace shot down another Red jet fighter to- day as clear weather brought more battles between Allied Sabres Communist MIGs. On Sunday, Allied Sabres de- stroyed seven MIGs and probably destroyed another. The ground war continued un- abated on the 155-mile front. Al- lied soldiers and Reds mixed in 29 small fights last night and Com- munist staff officers today com- pleted arrangements for next Mon- day's exchange of sick and wound- Each bag contained three sand- wiches, roast beef, cheese and ham; a piece of chocolate cake, two chocolate cookies and a ba- nana. As the prisoners held cups, coffee was poured through long spouts. Chilly Cell Blocks The convicts eagerly consumed the nourishment in the chilly cell blocks. Below-freezing air spread through the cells from between and windows smashed over the weekend. Warden Swenson, former head of Maryland State Penitentiary, also turned to Korean action and ualim- bered her 16-inch guns on Com- munist targets in Chongjin, in deep Northeast Korea." Seventy five Navy warplanes and the cruiser Los Angeles joined in slashing Red east coast strong points, the Navy said. The New Jersey's big guns, direct hits in as ____ many "minutes, destroyed Chong- jin's main communications build- ing, the Navy .said. Maj. James P. Hagerstrom of Tyler, Tex., ran his MIG destruc- tion total to 6Vz in a dogfight be- tween four Sabres and eight told the prisoners: MIGs. "Certainly no person or group j Air Force fighter-bombers of people, regardless of circum-1 }jjt Communist supply and person- stances, have the right to destroy nei facilities in Northwest Korea public property and disregard con- and gave ciose support on the bat- stituted authority in the manner j tie line, demonstrated here." Referring to a statement given the prisoners in their cells Satur- day morning, Swenson continued: "It was your opportunity to prove conclusively that you wanted a fair and just policy. You have proved the opposite by your ac- tion. I cannot and will not condone such behavior now or in the future. "It is now hightime that you bring a halt to your display of violence and destruction and do some logical and sensible think- (Continued on 15, Column 8.) PRISONERS Ike, Pleven Talk 'Friend to Friend' WASHINGTON UP) President Eisenhower and Rene Pleven, France's national defense minis- ter, had a "friend to friend" talk at the White House today. Pleven was with the President about 20 minutes. He told news- men afterward that "no official business was discussed it was just a friend to friend conversa- tion." Dispute May Delay Early Adjournment Deadline for Passing Bills Midnight April 21 By ADOLPH JOHNSON ST. PAUL A new tug of war is shaping up between the House and Senate in the Minnesota Legislature over the long unsolved problem of providing more money for farm to market roads. The Senate is pulling for a one- year study looking toward sub- mission of a new constitutional amendment of division of road money at the 1954 general election. The House pull is for agreement before the end of this session on the form of. the amendment, with- out any more study. Failure to resolve this difference could threaten the early adjourn- ment being predicted in some quarters. The deadline for passing biEs is midnight April 21, but some House leaders are hopeful the Legislature can finish its work as early as Saturday. Final action is scheduled in the Senate this week on the highway study plan. It proposes creation of two commissions, one composed of members of the Legislature, and other of representative citizens, to study the broad problem of road needs and how to finance them. The two groups would make their report by March 15. 1954. If" they were in agreement, a special ses- sion of the Legislature would be needed to approve the constitution- al amendment to be submitted to the voters. Strong Group This program has the backing of a strong group of Senate leaders, headed by Sens. A. O. Sletvold. Detroit and Norman Lar- son, Ada, chairman of the Senate Highway Committee. Leading supporter of the House plan for action now is Speaker John Hartle, Owatonna. He has proposed an amendment which would give the state trunk highway fund two-thirds of the motor vehicle tax yield and the counties one-third. All this money now goes to the state fund. Each county's share would be determined on the basis of its secondary road mileage and num- ber of licensed motor vehicles. Secondary roads would include streets. Within each county, two- thirds of its share would go to cities, villages and townships, again on the mileage-motor vehi- cle basis. This follows the general lines of Amendment No. 5 which was de- feated at the last elections, but its supporters say the formula pro- vided would make for more equit- able division of available money. The "action now" group opposes the idea of a special session. The Senate position is that time is needed to get necessary facts and build up support before offering a new amendment. The House proposal is scheduled for early consideration by the House Highway Committee. Meanwhile, the Legislature struggled to complete its financial program. The House has taken action on. four of the five major appropria- tions bills, leaving only the educa- tion bill which will provide funds for state school aids, the Univer- sity of Minnesota, and teachers colleges. Welfare Bills The Senate Finance Committee has still to bring in its bills for institutions, state departments and education. Only semi-state and wel- fare bills have passed the Senate. While Senate and House are fairly close on semi-state activities and welfare, the prospect is that they will be several million collars apart on the others. An example is the different rec- ommendations, submitted by sub- committees, for the University of Minnesota. The Senate recom- mendation is the House The House figure is 3V4 milliofi dollars under Gov. Anderson's budget request and 6V4 million under the University request. Until the Senate-House confer- ence committee agree on the same figures in each of the appropria- tions may take a long time in some will not be known whether new taxes will be needed. In submitting his budget, the governor estimated about 10 mil- lion dollars in new revenue would be needed. House leaders are hope- ful that enough reductions have been made so that if the Senate accepts them no new taxes will be necessary.