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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 7, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Occasional Rain Tonight and Wednesday VOLUME 53, NO. 42 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, APRIL 7, 1953 River Stage 14-Hour (Flood Stage 13) Today 8.87 .14 Year Ago 10.90 .15 TWENTY PAGES Pfeiffer, Weishorn Win City Races m U.N., Communists Agree On Sick PO Ws Exchange Thii Stretch Of Road shown in this picture loads from Pan- munjom to Kaesong. It is the highway that will be used by U.N. and Communist sick and wounded prisoners who be exchanged in the near future. In foreground are U.N. and Communist person- nel waiting for conclusion of the day's talks near the truce site. (AP Wircphoto to The Republican-Herald) Cut in Military Spending Seen if Korean War Ends By JACK BELL WASHINGTON Dirksen (R-I11) said today that if there is truce in Korea the armed services can and must stand a "sub- itantial reduction" in their spending. "We're going to be in a fix if we don't balance the budget and we can't do it without cutting mili- tary Dirksen said in an interview. Sen. Russell (D.Ca) and Sen. sparkman meanwhile, said that whether a cease-fire tf comes in Korea or not, the arms KAnT IH KnCPf) budget should not be slashed so IXvUI III IVvlvUf deeply as to lower this nation's guard against a Soviet regime suddenly talking as if it wants peace. And Sen. Duff (R-Pa) said it would be "possibly a fatal mis- take" if the U, S. should relax its efforts. Will Be in Korea, President Says WASHINGTON (ft President Eisenhower said today that even if peace CDmes in Korea "our men those of our allies will have But Dirksen, voicing sentiments which may be held by a sizable number of colleagues, declared: -t i "I know the arguments that what to stay in that region quite a I are doing military way while." j is aimed at making us- secure Eisenhower made the statement j against any Russian threat, but if in a brief informal talk at the fighting stops in Korea it stands annual meeting of the United De- fense Fund, Inc., at the Statler on buvmg the things we need Hotel. most." His that peace seems Russell, former chairman of the possibility came atop an earlier White House description of the I oambled with destiny in the stretch- United Nations-Communist agree-1 out already in effect" in procure- ment on repatriation of sick and ment of miiital.y supplies. By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN MUNSAN, Korea United Nations and the Communists agreed today to exchange all sick and wounded prisoners of the nearly three-year-old Korean War. Actual mechanics of the exchange still must be worked out. But there were only minor disagreements, and Allied officers said they an- ticipated no trouble reaching swift settlement. The Reds said they would report within the next day or so how many disabled prisoners they i would deliver to Panmuiy'om. for the exchange, which could start within a week after plans are com- Ipleted. Civilian war internees will be included. The senior Allied liaison officer, Rear Adm. John C. Daniel, said the Communist attitude "is very favorable at this and devel- opments were "encouraging." Negotiations at Panmunjom went so smoothly Tuesday observers here voiced hope the talks will pave the way to a Korean truce. Total talking time was 36 minutes. Maj. Gen. Lee Sang Cho, head of the Red liaison team, said the nine-point plan submitted by Adm. Daniel Monday should be the basis for the swap. He said the Commu- nists agree to roughly half of it- including all of the key points. Daniels' Plan The Communists agreed to the following points of Daniel's plan: 1. Exchange of all sick and wounded prisoners, including those with minor disabilities along with the seriously injured. This means direct repatriation to their home- lands of all prisoners, including those who, under the Geneva Con- vention of 1949, would otherwise be sent to neutral countries. 2. Panmunjom will be the ex- change point. 3. Both sides will report the number of sick and wounded to be traded, and break the figures down by nationality. 4. The prisoners to be ex- changed will be delivered to Pan- munjom in groups of 25. 5. Both sides will present rosters giving name, rank and nationality when delivering prisoners, and sign receipts for those delivered. The Reds said they would sub- mit changes and additions to other points of the plan. Adm. Daniel said he thought the Reds were not prepared to start the exchange immediately because "their staff work is not ready for them to make the exchange." During the discussions, munists made only one reserva- tion. Lee said: "We reserve the right to ask for the accommodation in a neutral country of those prisoners of war in the custody of your side who will not be directly repatriated." This puzzled Allied negotiators, since it already had' been agreed to bypass Article 110 of the Geneva Convention, which assigns a neu- tral country to prisoners with minor wounds who might be able to fight again within a year. Sick Wounded Lee made no reference to sick and wounded in the statement, and in his advance U.N. camp it was assumed he referred to an over-all i exchange of prisoners that would I follow a complete armistice. This would be in line with a recent pro- I posal by Red Chinese Premier Chou En-lai for the over-all ex- change of prinsoners under Article 109 of the Geneva Convention. Article 109 provides that sick and wounded prisoners need not be exchanged against their wishes during hostilities. Benson Charges Plot to Blame Decline on Ike Falling Farm Prices Steady Now, He Says DENVER of Agri- culture Benson today accused po- litical foes of making a "deliber- ate attempt" to unload responsib- ility for a farm price decline onto the Eisenhower administration. "Fear of another depression, which smolders in the thinking of every farmer who experienced that catastrophe, was awakened, and, I regret to say, deliberately fed by some who sought to embarrass the he said. The truth of the matter, the GOP farm chief said, is this: "The chickens are coming home to roost. They are not our chickens, but we've got to takr care of them. We inherited them along with other items in our legacy." Talk at Dinner Benson, in a speech prepared for the National Farm and Ranch Congress of the Denver Chamber of Commerce, said he had earlier resolved not to reply to false charges. "But in the Washington scene, Christian forbearance seemingly is interpreted as an admission of guilt. We have no choice but to make the record clear." Benson named no names in his prepared text. A good many Demo- crats, and a few Republicans, have been critical in Congress of what they termed his failure. Benson listed these items as be- ing among the Eisenhower admin- istration's (1) A dollar fallen 50 per cent in value in 10 years; (2) a na- tional debt of 265 billion dollars; (3) a 16 per cent decline in farm prices in the previous two years; (4) high, rigid farm pro- duction costs which those who "planned the inflation left (5) price supports that are putting farm products "into storage rather than into stomachs" and are "up- setting foreign trade" and "draw- ing foreign products to us like a magnet." Benson said farm prices had dropped only 1 per cent since he took office. He predicted steady prices during the spring and sum- mer. In emphasizing the "inheritance" theme, the secretary said a sharp drop in beef cattle prices typified what had happened in agriculture. He said "attractive" prices brought on by the World War II and postwar spending had encour- aged a 39 per cent increase in beef cattle numbers during the past five years. he said, "were Demo- cratic cows and bulls, but they created a Republican 'surplus.' The Cabinet officer was particu- larly critical of existing price sup- port laws. He said that with rising prices born of world-wide inflation, high, rigid supports had the "ap- pearance of success" largely be- cause market prices were gener- ally at or above the supports. But now that surpluses have been built up, in the absence of production controls, the govern- ment is accumulating farm stocks of such magnitude, Benson said, that heavy losses are threatened. He said there is grave danger that economies he expects to make in his department will be set aside by price support losses. "It is a quirk of fate that our predecessors had the joy ride, the bill for which is now presented to he continued. "We will pick up the bill, but from now on I hope we'll do more careful driv- ing." Winners in Monday's Balloting Loyde E. Pfejffer Mayor of the Town Gordon L. Weishorn New Aldenna.n-at-La.rgt William F. Holden Returned by First Holden, Parks, Bambenek Take Alderman Posts Theurer Returned In Third Ward; Pietsch Re-elected Winona re-elected its ma- yor and all other city offi- cials except two aldermen in Monday's city election. Mayor Loyde E. Pfeiffer won over James V. Stolt- man, former alderman-at- iarge, by votes. Alder- man William F. Holden, First Ward, and Alderman Henry V. Parks, Second Ward, won their contests easily. Alderman William P. Theurer, Third Ward and presi- dent of the Council, was unoppos- ed. Daniel Bambenek, a former alderman, won the Fourth Ward seat and Gordon Weishorn, new n city politics, was elected alder- man-at-large. Only 53 per cent of the regis- tered voters of the city cast bal- lots. Mayor Pfeiffer, who was ap- pointed a year ago during ths Henry V. Winner in Second William P. Theurer Third Time From. Third, Daniel Bambenek Elected by Fourth Senate Passes State Welfare, i ivii Activities Bill ST. PAUL Senate today passed the first two of five major appropriations bills. Approved, 53-0, without a word of debate, was the semi- state activities bill and 52-0 the welfare bill. The semi-state activities bill is about less than the appro- priation made two years ago. It includes for the soldiers home, the state historical society, county and district agricultural societies, and a number of other activities sup- ported in part by state funds. The welfare bill is smaller than the appropriation for this purpose for the current two year period. It includes sums for general relief, old age assistance, aid to dependent children and aid to the blind. The bills now go to the House. Bulgarians Ambush Greek Patrol, Claim ATHENS, Greece The Greek general staff said today Bulgarian soldiers ambushed a Greek patrol a half-mile inside Greek territory and killed one Greek. A statement declared the attack occurred in a border area east of Sidirokastron last Saturday. Bulgarian border authorities, re- plying to a protest, said Greek territory was not violated. United Nations observers are in- vestigating, t as wounded ging." The United Defense Fund raises encoura- Former President Truman prq< posed for the mili- money to support such programs as that of the United Services Organization Eisenhower told the meeting that if a Korean armistice is ar- ranged, there will be possibly an even greater need for such pro- grams as the USO in Korea. Then he added that even if peace coraes in Korea, "our men and those of our allies will have to stay in that region quite a Speaking just a few hours after announcement in Korea that the Allies and Communists had agreed on a plan for exchange of sick and wounded prisoners of war, Eisenhower said "every right- thinking individual utters the pray- er to his God every night" for peace. There had been a brief, earlier White House comment on the developments. Press Secretary James C. Ha- gerty said President Eisenhower "and the government of the United States are of course following very closely the negotiations at Pan- munjom." tary services in the year begin- ning July 1. Secretary of Defense Wilson has said he thinks cuts can be made in manpower and spend- ing without weakening the nation's combat strength. "If we follow the course we did after World War II and again get into a position whert we can't cope with the military might of Russia, then we may have lost our last chance for the Georgia senator said. He said that obviously some savings could be made by a cease- fire, but he argued against any overall cutbacks such as would save the four billions many Repub- licans want to cut off the military budget. House Committee Kills 'Obscene Books' Bill ST. PAUL Iff) The House Crime Prevention Committee today killed the "obscene literature" bill. The measure would have strengthened the present law to further curb distribution of obscene literature. This Picture Shows the burned-out converted bus-home about 1V4 miles south of East Pales- tine, 0., where a flash fire following a kerosene explosion Monday night claimed the lives of six persons. The bus was the makeshift residence of the Beon V. Hinkle family. Hinkle, his three young children, Mrs, Patricia Jack, and her young son, were victims of the tragic fire. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) Only 13 Days Left For Passage of Bills By ADOLPH JOHNSON ST. PAUL today, the Minnesota Legislature has just 13 days left to pass The deadline is midnight, April 21. That Gov. Anderson has said he will sign no bills passed that many of the several hundred bills awaiting come to a vote. RedsAskli.5. To Drop Germ War Probe Bid action will never Except for bills of a non-con- troversial or local nature, which can be considered at special eve- ning sessions, few bills will receive consideration without a special order. The sponsor of a bill must give two days' notice and get a two-thirds vote to make any given bill a special order for debate and vote at a specified time. Appropriations bills will occupy an increasing amount of time and attention in these closing days, leaving less and less time for other legislation. Top Measures This is the situation as of today with regard to some of the top bills: Employment on merit A bill without enforcement provisions passed by Senate; measure in same form before House Appropriations Committee. Party designation for members of by House and reported out by Senate Elec- tions Committee, but too far down the list to be reached witho'it a special order. Power of arrest for state liquor by House; before Senate Liquor Control Subcommit- tee for amendment. Presidential for new "popularity contest" law, re- pealing present law, passed by Senate; before House Elections Committee which has approved proposals to amend present law; possibility no final action on any measure, which would leave pres- ent law on books another two years. for con- stitutional amendment set as spec- ial order in Senate Wednesday; similar bill denied .special order in House. to abolish municipal housing authorities, giv- ing their duties to city councils, approved by committees in both Houses; bills too far down lists to be reached without .special orders. Highways Proposals for one- year study looking toward a special legislative session in 1954 and sub- mission of new amendment on division of highway monies at 1954 general election approved by Sen- ate Highways Committee. Little Hoover Bills Little Hoover Commission pro- plans to reorgan- ize state. agencies for greater economy and efficiency have re- ceived committee approval; in best position for final action is one to create department of post auditor, responsible to Legislature, to check on expenditures; would replace public examiner, responsible to governor. UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. UPV- Russia appealed to the U.S. today to drop its demand for an im- partial investigation of Communist charges that American troops wag- ed germ warfare in Korea. Soviet Delegate Valerian Zorin told the U.N.'s 60-nation Political Committee there was "no need for the committee to consider the de- tails" of the charges now. He urg- ed, instead, that the U. S. ratify the Geneva Convention against bacteriological warfare and indi- cated that such action would close the incident so far as Russia is concerned. Committee OK's Public Safety Bill ST. PAUL HI The public safety bill, to consolidate several depart- ments, as recommended by Gov. Anderson, was approved Monday by the House Civil Administra- tion Committee. The measure provides for mer- ger of the crime bureau, highway patrol, drivers license bureau and chauffeurs license department. A provision to include the liquor control commissioner in the consol- idation was eliminated by the com- mittee. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and with occasional light rain tonight and Wednesday. No important change in temperature. Low tonight 35, high Wednesday 54. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 58; minimum, 33; noon, 56; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 52 at p. m., min. 35 at p.m. Noon read- overcast with ft. ceiling, visibility 10 miles, wind 3 miles per hour from northeast, barometer 29.88 steady, humidity 81 per cent Friendly Parting Mayor Loyde E. Pfeiffer and Alderman at Large James Stoltman, who were squared off in Monday's mayoralty race, parted with kind words for each other late, on election, night. Said Stoltman: "It was 'fair and square' race." Said Pfeiffer: "I couldn't have won from a more upstand- ing young man." And Council President Wil- liam P. Theurer told Stoltman and Fourth Ward Alderman Robert Prondzinski, also de- feated for election, that both had given of their time "un- selfishly." He .said no one on the Council had been more willing to represent the city at meetings and conferences. As for Prondzinski, he said the Council had been "a good bunch to work with." Wives of the two mayoralty candidates, wives of most of the aldermen and some city of- ficials were present. height of the flood emergency, carried 12 of the city's 16 pre- cincts. The four Fourth Ward pre- cincts went to Stoltman by 812 votes. The vote by precincts was as follows; First Ward Pfeiffer Stoltman Ut Prec.......245 97 2nd Prec......261 41 3rd Prec......366 129 4th Prec......321 166 Ward Total Second Ward 1st Pree..... 2nd Prec. 3rd Prec. 4th Pree..... 1193 331 314 308 230 Ward Total 1183 Third Ward Ht Prec..... 2nd Prec..... 3rd Prec..... 4th Prec..... Ward Total Fourth Ward 1st Prec..... 2nd Prec..... 3rd Prec..... 4th Prec..... 243 254 308 168 973 126 125 86 75 453 122 124 85 35 84 137 150 135 50< 252 369 378 22J Ward Total 412 City Total 3761 2549 In the alderman-at-large con- test, Gordon L. Weishorn, local in- suranceman, carried all 16 city precincts to easily win over Cecil' (Continued on Page 17, Column 2.) PFEIFFER Otto P. Pietwh Renamed Treasurer
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