Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 6, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Generally Fair Tonight, Showers By Tuesday Night VOIUME 53, NO. 41 River Stage 24-Hour (Flood Stag. 13) Today 9.01 .24 Year Ago 10.75 .20 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, APRIL 6, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGES Stirneman, Pioneer Winona Grocer, Real Estate Dealer, Dead TODAY Many Feel Stalin Was Murdered By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP The possibility that Josef V. Stalin was somehow murdered by his heirs is no longer ruled out. Russian experts in the State Department and intelligence services were already amazed by the rapid revere 1 of the dead Sta- lin's policies. Then came the ex- oneration of the famous "murder- ing clique" of Kremlin doctors, who were arrested and accused just before Stalin fell ill. The Pravda announcement con- an unprecedented hint that evidence against the doctors had been extorted by torture. The whole event was. astonishing. It has opened the field for every form of speculation, including the theory that Stalin was done away with by other leading members of the Soviet regime. At this stage, of course, this theory is speculation, pure and simple. Yet this highly colored theory is being soberly discussed by key men in the government. That is the best measure of the prevalence of wild surmise about Soviet policies and purposes. Changes in Policy Surmise is so prevalent in turn because of the impression that has been made here by the uphea- val in Moscow. By now, you only have to itemize changes of policy already made, in order to be con- vinced" of that the upheaval has got to be taken very seriously. In the foreign sphere, Chinese Communist Foreign Minister Chpu En-lai has moved to break the in- terminable deadlock of the Korean truce negotiations. Soviet Foreign Minister Viacheslav Molotov has strongly seconded Chou En-lai. At the United Nations, Andrei Vishin- sky has sought to renew negotia- tions about disarmament and atomic energy control. Ways to avoid any further incidents on the air borders are now being dis- cussed, by Soviet request, in Ber- lin. In the domestic sphere, Stalin was not in his grave before the Soviet government was made over. The complex arrangements made in his lifetime, at the recent Con- gress of the Russian Communist party, were promptly set aside. A new triumvirate emerged, com- posed of Premier Malenkov, Secur- ity Minister Beria, and War Min- ister Bulganin. with Molotov seem- ingly shorn of state but directing foreign affairs. The fact that Malenkov was hardly more than the equal of the other trium- virs was then publicly marked, when ho handed over the party secretariat and the vital control of party patronage to Nikita S. Khrushchev. Amnesty Announced Meanwhile, an amnesty was an- nounced that liberated hundreds of thousands of petty offenders from the jails and work camps. Prices of consumers' goods were sharply cut (incidentally suggesting that there will be some slowdown of (Continued on Page 2, Column 4) ALSOPS Soviet Returns 171 Japanese Fishermen TOKYO UP! Russia and Red China have returned without notice 171 Japanese fishermen and five fishing boats captured by Commu- nist vessels last year. Three ships, carrying 147 fisher- men, arrived this morning at Na- gasaki, North Kyushu, from Shang- hai. Two other vessels, with 24 fishermen aboard, arrived Sunday at Wakkanai, northernmost Japan- ese port, from Soviet-held Sakhal- in Island, north of Japan. Jacob Stirneman, Winona's old- est resident and pioneer real es- tate man, died at his home, 420 Main St., Saturday night on the eve of his 99th birthday. A resident of Winona since the early 1880's, he had been able to get out of the house for automobile rides on frequent occasions until the last few days before his death. Stirneman was the senior mem- ber of the Stirneman-Selover Co., 162 Main St., which owns much of the real estate in the downtown business district, but he had not been active in the firm for several years. Born in New York He was born in Rochester, N. Y., April 5, 1854, the son of Jacob Stirneman and Maria Luesher Stirneman. His early years were spent in Rochester and in Spring- field, 111., where his father owned a bakery. He often spoke of de- I livering bread to Abraham Lin- I coin's home and of attending the Lincoln-Douglas debates. As a young man he came to La Crosse and entered into the gro- cery business. During those years he "became interested in real es- tate and built the Stirneman build- ing in La Crosse. He married Elizabeth Frankel of La Crosse who died in 1903. In the early ISSO's he opened a wholesale fruit house in Winona. also made real estate invest- ments through the years until he eventually disposed of the whole- sale fruit business in order to de- vote his entire time to real estate. ,He was one of the oldest members of the Woodlawn Cemetery Asso- I ciation. Name Survivors l.'e is survived by a daughter, Mrs. Julia S. Selover, 420 Main St., and a son, Arthur J. Stirneman, 203 W, Wabasha St.: six grand- children, Mrs. Howard Rees, Chi- cago: Richard Selover, Huron, S. D.; Robert J. Selover, Mrs. Jack and Jay Stirneman, Winona, and Judith Stirneman, Minneapolis, and ten great-grandchildren. Private funeral services will be at 2 p. m. Tuesday at the Fawcett- Abraham Chapel, the Rev. George Goodreid, rector of St. Paul's Episcopal Church, officiating. Bur- ial will be in Woodlawn Cemetery. A White Cloud from today's atomic explosion, the fourth and biggest of the spring series, rose above the AEC's Proving Grounds northwest of Las Vegas today. The nuclear de- vice, dropped from a U. S. Air Force B-50, was detonated at more than feet above the Yucca Flat target. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Her- ald) Adenauer In U.S. to Meet With President By ED CURTIS i NEW YORK German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer ar- rives today for talks with Presi- jdent Eisenhower which may cen- Iter on the Soviet "peace" drive's [impact on European unity. i James B. Conant, U. S. high 1 commissioner for Germany, flew here yesterday from Bonn. He will attend Adenauer's conferences with [the President and Secretary of I State Dulles in Washington. I Adenauer, like the President, is a strong supporter of Western Eu- 'ropean unity. i Support of Plane His support of plans to put Germans back into uniform as part of a European army has powerful opposition in his own country and in a nervous France. Of the six national legislatures which must ratify the army treaty, only the German Parliament's low- jer house has approved it. i It would seem Adenauer also hopes to take home with him some I substantial promises to aid him to override political opposition. I Adenauer faces the task of plung- ing immediately into an election campaign upon his return to Bonn. His Christian Democratic party will be seeking another four-year term. The problems Adenauer is taking to Washington include: 1. More U. S. economic aid. 2. Military aid. 3. Help in solving the quarrel with France over the rich indus- trial Saar. New Tenants 4. What are the new tenants of the Kremlin up to, and what does it mean to a divided Germany? And a fifth, and probably the knottiest: How can the West Ger- mans be rearmed if France finally balks on the European army plan? En route here aboard the liner United States, Adenauer already has spoken out on Moscow's grow- ing peace offensive. He said West- ern statesmen should examine the moves of Premier Georgi Maleri- kov's government "like detec- tives." He added: "There have been positive as well as negative clues to the change in Soviet policy." Fourth A-Bomb Blast of Year Biggest, Loudest LAS VEGAS. Nev. The fourth and 'biggest of this year's atomic blasts went off in the desert of here today. Seven minuses later, its sound wave hit Las Vegas with a re- sounding crack. It was one of the sharpest jolts I since the early days of nuclear experimenting, when shock waves still had enough force, after rac- ing 75 miles, to break a few win- dows here. Today's explosion was designed to test, among other.things, radia- tion effects on mice and monkeys. The familiar white cloud boiled up quickly, and was visible here despite a ground haze within three minutes. Its height led seasoned observers to believe that today's device as the Atomic Energy I Commission calls the weapons it was dropped from a plane. Previous blasts this season have been set off from 300-foot steel (towers, and have been barely felt 'this far away. Today's, first of the spring ser- ies triggered in daylight, went off at a.m. a.m. Observers noted many planes in the air before the flash. The Air Force has said it might have as many as 74 craft aloft at one time. The shock wave with more strength than noted here yet this spring was felt clearly at a.m. As usual, the Atomic Energy Commission wouldn't discuss the type of weapon it is testing, but it did disclose plans for carrying animals through the atomic cloud by plane. Mice and monkeys have been used in preceding blasts this year, but how they withstood radiation on the ground has not been made public. Today, the AEC said, two pilot- less AQ80 jet drones, each carry- ing 60 mice and two monkeys for bio-medical research, were to fly through the cloud, guided by radar. Abandon Hope For 81 Aboard 10% Turnout At Polls in Morning Hours Early Voting About Average for City, Spot Check Shows Despite near-perfect April weath- er, traffic to polling places for to- day's city and school election was moving along at a sluggish pace this morning. A spot survey early this after- noon indicated that not more than 10 per cent of the city's registered voters had cast ballots noon and litle hope was held out for any substantial increase in the volume of voting during the afternoon. At the West End Fire Station, for example, only 70 of the 855 regis- tered voters in the third precinct of the first ward had voted up to noon. About the same situation was not- ed in the fourth precinct oL the second ward where 52 had voted at the Senior High School. Election officials in the fourth precinct of the third ward reported slightly better response with 75 ballots dropped into the box at 502 E Broadway during the first five hours. The fourth precinct has a 1 registration of 612. Fourth Ward In the first precinct of the fourth ward, 72 persons out of a possible 636 had voted at the East End Fire Station had voted-by noon. In reporting the light morning vote, election officials recalled, however, that in tile last city elec- tion in 1951 under 14 per cent of the registered voters visited trie polls during the morning hours, but later in the day traffic swelled to the point where a 75 per cent vote was recorded by nightfall. Winona, incidentally, had an unscheduled election day par- ade this morning. It all started when a voter visit- ing the polling place for the first precinct of the first ward at Jef- ferson school told election offi- cials that the flag used to desig- nate the polls was not flying at (the school at about 9 a. m. today, j I Election personnel recalled that j they had put the flag in place when the polls opened at 7 a. m. j but an inspection revealed that the j flag was missing and a search failed to reveal its whereabouts. I Commissioner of Elections Roy POW Exchange Progress Cited President Eisenhower appeared to be enjoy- ing himself as he carried his four-year-old granddaughter, Barbara Anne, in his arms as he walked through the crowd on the White House lawn at today's Easter egg roll. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Turkish Sub ISTANBUL, Turkey De- fense Ministry abandoned all hope Sunday night of recovering further survivors from the rammed sub- marine Dumlupinar 228 feet below the surface of the Dardanelles Straits. The total loss of life was put at 81 American-trained Turkish seamen. Rescue teams labored until late Sunday night on the slim chance of rescuing some of the men, but finally gave up. Five men, including the sub's skipper, were saved. All had been on the conning tower early Satur- day when the Swedish freighter Naboland rammed the Dumlupinar in pre-dawn darkness as the sub cruised on the surface near the southern end of the Dar- danelles. S A communique said the dead in- cluded seven officers, 35 petty offi- cers and 39 enlisted men. The submarine former- ly was the USS Bumper and was transferred to Turkey in 1950 under the mutual aid program. All her crew had been trained in the U. S. Election Returns Returns in today's municipal election will be announced over KWNO tonight. The first fig- ures should be available by 9 p. m. The polls close at 8 p. m. Listen to KWNO for City Election results. G. Wildgrube was called and agreed to send another flag to the school. Children Carry Flag In the meantime, however, an- other voter at the school heard the conversation and remarked that he had seen several children carry- ing a flag down the street. Traffic Sgt. Edward Hittner and Patrolman Martin Prigge were cruising in a squad car in the West End at the time and were told to see if they could find the children. A few minutes later Hittner and Prigge saw a procession of seven in age from 4 to down the street with the flag in the fore. The marchers were equipped with a varied assortment of hel- mets, overseas caps, canteens, wooden rifles, toy machine guns i and other military the Iflag. Found Near Westfield When the police halted the par- ade, the children explained that they were playing near the West- field Golf Course when they saw the flag and decided that it would be a good thing to have a parade. Hittner and Prigge, who retriev- ed the flag and returned it to the polling place, said that they be- lieved that someone removed the flag from the1 school and left it at the golf course where it was found by the children. Formosa Ammunition Dump Blast Kills 43 TAIPEH, Formosa am- munition dump five miles south of here exploded with an earthquake- like jolt today, killing 43 persons and injuring an estimated 500. The blast occurred when a 12- 1 man detail attempted to remove i TNT from a Japanese aerial I bomb. The workers were blown to i bits. Police arrested the foreman of the dump. Woman Dies of Poison I CATANIA, Italy woman I died and another 49 persons were i poisoned in this Sicilian city Sun- iday after eating Easter pastries. Three of the 49 were in a serious condition. Suspect Held In Hotel Fire At Ft. Frances FORT FRANCES, Ont. (.7! An arson suspect was arrested early today, following five recent fires, including a blaze in the Emperor Hotel Sunday. Chief Constable Louis G. Cami- rand said the suspect was arrested at nearby Emo, Ont., and was quoted by Camirand as saying he had planned to start a fire in the Emo Hotel, where he was staying. Camirand said he was also hold- ing a taxi driver who had. taken the arson suspect to Emo, about 20 miles west of here early today. The cabbie was accused of giving misleading information, the chief said, but neither he nor the arson suspect had been formally charged. Charred Shell The 41-room Emperor Hotel was a charred brick shell today. Quick action on the part of the owners was credited with evacuating all the occupants. About the same time the Emper- or hotel was burning, a fire was reported in a washroom of the Fort Frances Hotel. It was put out by firemen called from the Emper- or Hotel. Sunday night, three more fires broke out, one in the Commission Sales Room, a second hand store operated by Nick Kawulia: another in a washroom of the Prince Al- bert Hotel, and another in the washroom of the bus depot, located in a restaurant operated by George S. Sauve. The second hand store blaze lasted for two hours. The others were minor fires, put out by em- ployes of the hotels and restau- rant. About a.m. today, police got a clue to the arson suspect's identity, learning he had been taken to Emo by cab. The driver, refused to aid police, however, Camirand said. One of the spectators at the Em- peror Hotel fire, Arthur Johnson, about 60, manager of the Rainy Lake Hotel, suffered a heart at- tack Sunday morning and died. Friends said excitement of the fire apparently brought on the attack. Guests Awakened A passerby noticed flames on the top floor and ran into the lobby, where partners William Kalichuk and Henry Kliner were on duty. The owners and Kliner's son, Rob- ert ran upstairs and awakened guests. Where necessary, they smashed doors to arouse sound sleepers. Then they ran next door, rousing nine families who reside in a new three-story ,frame annex to the hotel. Loss to the annex, was lim- ited to smoke.and water damage. Kliner and Kalichuk estimated their loss would amount to about Minneapolis Bakery Robbed of j MINNEAPOLIS WV-A pair of i smooth-working bandits held up 10 persons in the office of the Em- rich Baking Co., 2603 Bloomington Ave., and emptied the safe in a bold mid-morning robbery which netted them j The two entered the main office i of the big baking concern shortly before guards for the Brinks Ex- press Company were due to pick up the weekend cash. Before going to work on the safe, they forced 10 persons into a side office. "We know where all of you one of the bandits said, "and if you foul us up, it will be just too bad." George Emrich, a vice president of the firm, said it looked as though the bandits had knowledge of inner plant operations. A check-up indicated about S2.000 of the loot was in cash and the rest in checks. KenyonGirlJO, President Ike Swap Pictures KENYON, Minn. fffl Little Dianne Holly Severson negotiated j a picture swap with the President' of the United States, and got a "thank you" as a bonus. The 10-year-old Kenyoa girl, a daughter of Mr, and Mrs. Harold Severson, wrote President Eisen- hower recently and enclosed a picture. The photo, taken last summer, showed Dianne present- ing a bouquet to Eisenhower just before his campaign speech at Plowville, near Kasson, Minn. Dianr.e autographed her picture, "with love and best wishes." In her letter, .she said she thought part of the reason why Texas and Ten- nessee cast a majority of their votes for Eisenhower last Novem- ber was that she formerly lived in both those states. The President -promptly replied, enclosing a photo autographed, "To my little friend, Dianne Severson, Dwight D. Eisenhower." The President's letter read: "Dear Dianne: "Of course I remember you and the day we met at Plowville. You are very kind to send me 'our' picture, and to autograph it for me. While I never 'volunteer' to give away a picture of myself, I'm proud to send one in exchange for yours. After all, we were both bom in Texas, and we met in Plowville. "Thank you very much for your charming letter. It brightened a difficult day for a busy man. With best wishes, Sincerely, Dwight D. Eisenhower." Falling Retail Prices Clip Pay of RR Men WASHINGTON retail prices today clipped three cents an hour from the pay checks of rail workers. The government announced that on Feb. 15 its old-style consumer price index stood at 1S8.6 per cent of the 1935-1939 average, enough of a drop in the cost of living from last November to assure the three-cent hourly wage reduction. Rail wages are adjusted each three months to correspond to rising or falling living costs. To- day's three cent loss is the biggest since rail wages were first tied to the cost of living. It leaves employes with 10 cents in accumu- lated cost-of-living pay from pre- vious raises based on rising index figures. The three-cent pay cut means a payroll saving for the nation's car- riers estimated at a month. It all but wipes out a four- cent hike awarded virtually all rail employes last month by a government referee. That increase was based an higher productivity- output per man hour. Rail wages averaged around an hour before today's- adjust- ment. Lower prices for food, fully re- ported when the official or new- style consumer price indexes for January and February were an- nounced weeks ago, were maraly responsible for the over-all decline in the price level. The government also announced today that the January old-style index stood at 190.3 per cent. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and fair, very little change in tempera- ture tonight and Tuesday with in- creasing cloudiness and showers by Tuesday evening. Low tonight 35, high Tuesday 55. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 45; minimum, 33; noon, 45; precipitation, .03. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 51; minimum, 31; noon, 51; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No, Central Observations) Maximum temperature 49 at a. m. today; minimum 30 at a. m. Noon layer of clouds at feet, visi- bility 15 miles; wind 5 miles per hour from northwest; barometer 29.84, falling slowly; humidity 57 per cent. ____ Plans Advanced For Quick Swap Of Wounded May Pave Way For Armistice In Korean War By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN MUNSAN, Korea iff) United Nations liaison officers today hand- ed the Reds a nine-point program designed to start the exchange of sick and wounded prisoners of the Korean War seven days after agreement on p r o c e d ure is reached. The exchange would be at the rate of 500 a day. The U. N. group, headed by Rear Adm. John C. Daniel, pre- sented the U. N. proposal at a 45-minute meeting at Panmunjom of liaison groups assigned to ar- range the exchange of sick and wounded. The Reds made no reply. Captured Personnel Other provisions called for cap- tured personnel to be exchanged at Panmunjom in groups of 25 each, registered by nationality, name, rank and serial number. The U. N. promised to deliver 500 cap- tured personnel daily until the exchange is completed. The U. N. also proposed that a termination date be specified in the exchange agreement. Rail and highway convoys car- rying the prisoners to Panmunjom would-be guaranteed freedom from air attacks. U. N.. liaison officers reported "distinct progress" with "very ob- jective" Red officers. A smoothly accomplished trade could pave way for an armistice in Korea.. The U. N. also asked the Reds for tile number of Allied prisoners they are willing to return. The Reds said they would supply the number but they took no action immediately on the U. N. nine- point plan. The officers wrll meet at Pan- munjom again tomorrow at 11 a.m. (9 p.m. Monday Rear Adm. John C. Daniel, chief U. N. liaison officer, said of to- day's meeting: District Progress "The attitude of the Communists was very objective. I'd say distinct progress was made in that we met and exchanged views.-I feel that we have made progress." But the Reds raised two point! that were not fully explained. North Korean Maj. Gen. Let Sang Cho said that before the Reds supplied the number of Allied POWs to be returned both sides must establish the category of prisoners who may be exchanged before an armistice." U. N. offi- cers said he did not explain what he meant. The Reds also indicated they may want some prisoners returned to their homeland and some sent to neutral countries. There was no elaboration on that. The Allies have assumed that all disabled prisoners would be sent back to their own countries as a matter course providing the prisoners themselves wanted it that way. While Daniel said distinct prog- ress was made he would not say the talks were to a good start. "Our he said, "is to take the Communists in good faith, and this liaison group will continue to do that until we hr.ve reason to the contrary, and so i'ar no reason has arisen." In brief, the nine points he pro- posed govern an exchange: 1. Repatriation of sick and wounded captured personnel of both sides at Panmunjom. 2. The exchange would begin within seven days after the pro- cedure is agreed upon. 3. The U. N. would deliver 500 captured personnel daily at Pan- munjom until the exchange is com- pleted. 4. The captured personnel to be exchanged would be divided into groups of 25 each, registered by nationality, name, rank and serial number. 5. A representative of the receiv- ing side would sign a receipt for each group accepted. 6. Motor and rail convoys would be guaranteed freedom from air at- tacks while moving toward Pan- munjom. (A) Motor convoys would be limited to 10 vehicles each and (Continued on Page 13, Column 4) PRISONERS You Still Have Time to Polls Open Until 8 p. m.