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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 4, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Cool Tonight, Sunday Partly Cloudy River Stage M-Hour (Flood Stage 13) Today 9.45 .10 Year Ago 10.12 .61 VOLUME 53, NO. 40 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, APRIL 4, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGES Oli, God of Wisdom, make us strong And guide us from the paths of wrong, Direct us from all evil ways, Please hear this simple paraphrase. Make us to sec the One Clear Light That beckons in the storm of niglit, Point out to us the PatJis of Peace, Let avarice in all men Lest we, for Jack of mutual trust, End in auiomic holocaust. Oil, God of Mercy, in Thy Grace Find peace for every creed and race; That men, by simple laws be known, Like those caused engraved on stone. Those Ten Commandments! Need there be More laws for world-wide unity, That every color, race or creed From all oppressive hates be freed? White Easter Lilies in the bud Spring from our from our blood! Oh, God of Love, italk hand in hand With us, and makers understand; Help its to fuse sincere relations; Help us to weld a bond of nations; Where greeds are gone and in their Compassion shines from every face. Make unity on earth our goal With roots dug deep within the soul, That color, find content Both here and in yon Firmament. H. Taggart W V w Millions Ready for faster Celebrations Across Nation By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS If someone were to sit at the top of the sky and look down on all these United States tomorrow he would see some unusual sights and hear some unusual sounds. It would be Americans observing Easter. He would see throngs of people gathered on hillsides, lighted crosses, long pro- cessions winding through parks and city streets, great mosaics of flowers, huge stadiums with upturned thousands TODAY of faces, companies of and bonfires on the mountains. He would hear bands throbbing, the many-throated chanting of prayers, the sturdy tones of or- gans, the massed voices of great choirs, and the blast of trombones in the woods. He would see children scamper- ing on lawns filling baskets with bright, colored eggs, and red plumes on ladies' hats, and men in new, dark suits with carnations in their lapels, swinging walking sticks. Display of Devotion For this is how it .will be to- morrow, on Easter Malenkov Frees 15 Imprisoned Soviet Doctors By EDDY GILMORE MOSCOW Georgi Malenkov's new government today freed 15 doctors charged last Jan- uary with killing or plotting to kill high state leaders. It declared Malenkov Stalling For Time By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON "Malenkov knows that he can't win a war with the United States now. He could hurt us, but we'd clobber him, and in ihe end we'd win, and a stratospheric he'll have what it takes to knock with telescopic eyes and all-1 aUegedly us out So.he wants to be sure Wat9h ,closely. h.e tions had been obtained by "strict- that there's no big war in see beginnings of this ly raeans. meantime" mighty national pageant in the 2, Persons accused of "incorrect This is "the simple explanation mght' Iong before conduct of the investigation" have of the current Soviet switch in tac- i arrested and brought to tics which has been offered by one L "f see. .mlles f Justice. astute official It may be right I h.ghted stre.ammS 3. A woman doctor has lost the or it mav be wron" But it Wicnita Mountain roads near I Order of Lenin she received Jan. least serves to emphasize a point jLawton, Okla., converging on a 120 for exposing nine of the ar: which badly needs emphasizing. AJhu8e natu.ra' amphitheater where rested medical men. Korean truce however desirable! and drama wl11 unfold the Declaring "verification has in itself, will not end the growing Easter story, the map of the country. also dis- 1. Testimony from the the doctors accusa- threat to the survival of the United States. More than are expected for this midnight-to-dawn por- The nature of this threat was trayal of "the Christian challenge summed up in the final report by the experts recruited for Project Lincoln. These experts solemnly warned that the Soviets, in two years' time or a little more, will have atomic capabilities sufficient to cripple this country. This is cne reason why Andrei Y. Vishin- sky's surprise move last Wednes- day, when he called for renewed discussions of disarmament and atomic energy control, has been received in some quarters with al- most as much interest as the Ko- rean truce move itself. FOR THE FIRST TIME, Vishin- sky failed to call for immediate "prohibition" of atomic weapons, and an immediate one-third reduc- tion in great power armaments. These two demands, repeated tire- lessly by Vishinsky for years, amounted to a request to the West- ern powers to sign their own death warrants. Their sudden omission may have no significance at all, although Soviet spokesmen in the (Continued on Page 9, Column 4) ALSOPS through the climaxed with a re-enactment of Christ's death and resurrection. I shown that the accusations are false and the documentary sources on which the workers of investigation based themselves are without the commu- nique said the men have "completely rehabilitated" been and At Bethlehem, Pa., the Mora-j freed from custody, "Easter people" who founded the city and started the tradition of dawn Easter services in send trombone choirs into the hills to play at sunrise for all the city to hear. Parade in West In the West, hundreds of horse- men will parade, near Wicken- burg, Ariz., at San Diego, Calif., and at Lakewood, Colo., as part of the Easter sunrise observances. People will line up along the seawall at Corpus Christi, Tex., to watch services on a floating barge, from which will come, a fanfare of trumpets and chorused singing, as sunlight breaks behind it over the water. Huge sprays of flowers will form the outline of three gigantic crosses at Philadelphia's biggest sunrise program, directed by Lutheran minister, Dr. Ross Stover. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair and cooler tonight, Sunday partly cloudy and not so cold. Low to- night 30, high Sunday 48. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 in. today: Maximum, 40; minimum, 35; noon, 40; precipitation, .12; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 40 at a.m. to- day, min. 36 at a.m. Noon readings sky overcast at feet, visibility 15 miles, wind 15 miles from west northwest with gusts up to 25, barometer 29.85 rising, humidity 93 per cent. Dulles Hopeful But Prepares For the Worst Warns Basic Russian Policies Remain Unchanged By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON tag- ging of Red Russia as still a grave danger to the free world clearly indicated today the Eisenhower administration, while welcoming Communist peace talk, intends to push ahead with the Western de- fense buildup. Secretary of State Dulles told a news conference yesterday that nothing so far and nothing likely In the Red peace offensive has changed the basic situation of the Soviet's aggressive threat. He pictured Kremlin policy as essentially unaltered and "deeply hostile." He said Russian peace overtures actually are responses, at least in part, to the "strong policies" of the administration in both Asia and Europe. Would Rearm West The secretary called for con- tinued defensive strength and progress toward developing the proposed European Defense Com- munity, under which West Ger- many would be rearmed. Dulles said his sequently issued as a formal state- ment by the State Department- expressed "the philosophy of the administration." In response to queries at his news conference, Dulles said he thought the cost of U. S. foreign aid for the fiscal year beginning July 1 could be appreciably re- duced from the pro- posed by former President Tru- man. This can be done without im- pairing American objectives, Dulles said, by increasing effici- e n c y, eliminating unnecessary spending and buying more goods abroad. He gave no details nor dollars-and-cents reduction figures. In Paris, French Finance Min- ister Maurice Bourges Maunory said a program for selling more French defense goods the U. S. was worked out at the Franco- American talks in Washington last month. He gave no details. Dulles' expressions about Krem- lin maneuvers seemed to take a different approach than those voiced 24 hours earlier by President Eisenhower. At his news conference Thursday, Eisenhower said Soviet pec.ce talk should be taken at face value until proved unworthy of consideration. The essence of what Dulles said was that the American people and their allies should not be blinded "to the persistence of the danger." Danger Not Over "At the he said, "1 see nothing which ends that dan- ger or would justify us in changing any of our basic defensive policies, either alone or in conjunction with our allies." Even so, he said, there are "pos- sibilities of useful accommoda- tion" between the two great pow- er blocs. He cited as examples the proposed exchange of sick and wounded prisoners of war in Ko- rea and, afterward, possible agree- ment on an armistice. Loss of 92 This Submarine, the former U.S.S. Chub, is a sister.ship to the Turkish submarine Dumlu- pinar which sank in the Dardanelles after a night-time collision with a Swedish vessel. The Dumlupinar is the former U.S.S. Bumper and was transferred to Turkey in 1950. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) McManus Will Face Dulles Wants Trial in New York DUBUQUE, la. The way was cleared today for the immedi- ate return to New York state by air of Fred E. McManus, 18-year- old confessed slayer of five persons. A Gannett newspaper plane arrived to return McManus to Ro- chester where he is charged with first degree murder in the March 27 slaying of William A. Braver- man, 19. The arrangements provided for a reunion of the AWOL Marine and 16-year-old Diane Marie Weggeland Truce Won't Budget, Taft Believes WASHINGTON (.0 Sen. Taft, (R-Ohip) said today a possible truce in Korea probably will not reduce military enough to balance expenditures the regular federal budget in the yea.- begin- ning July 1. The Senate Republican leader, who has been advocating a pay-as- you-go program, said in an inter- view it now appears next to im- possible to prevent a billion deficit. "However, a deficit of that kind would not be too bad because the cash budget would be balanced and inflationary pressures would be taken he said. "In fact, I'm much more worried about balanc- ing the budget in the following year." Fire Damages Candy Easter Egg Factory BOLOGNA, Italy staff was so busy selling chocolate Eas- ter eggs at a candy factory here today no one noticed the factory was on fire until flames reached the retail counter. Damage was estimated at whom he calls "my wife." She was being returned as a material wit' New York state officials took custody of McManus and the girl for the return flight. Young McManus waived extra- dition in a brief courtroom appear- ance. Earlier this morning the boy's father, Mose McManus of Valley Stream, N. Y., visited for 15 min- utes with bis son and then departed to make arrangements to return home. Sheriff Leo J. Marlon's here said yesterday the office youth signed formal confessions during the day to the New York slaying and double killings in Minnesota and Illinois. Both Illinois and Minnesota had notified Iowa authorities that they wanted McManus but Iowa Gov. William S. Beardsley said yester- day he had as then received no requests for extradition. McManus is reported to have said he'd prefer going to a state that used the electric chair in cap- ital New York or Illinois. The maximum penalty in Minne- sota is life imprisonment. The boy and his father, Mose McManus, Valley Stream, N. brewery executive, met here for the fourth time yesterday. The at- mosphere was much warmer than at three previous meetings, when Fred was cool and unwilling to talk, but the boy apparently was without hope or remorse. Fred E. McManus, right, Friday signed a con- fession of the iilaying of two'women in Spring Valley, Minn. He is still being held in Dubuque, la., while authorities decide who to try him on murder charges, including three other slayings. Watching him sign the confession were, left to right, Leo Martin, Dubuque county sheriff; Sam Kelly, special Iowa agent of criminal investiga- tion; Jack Moore, highway patrolman, and War- ren Kintzinger, court reporter. Dairy Import Curbs Repealed WASHINGTON of State Dulles made it clear Friday he wants Congress to repeal curbs against the importation of foreign dairy and farm products. Dulles' statement to newsmen came at a time when leaders of the nation's dairy industry, meet- ing at a government-called con- ference here, are asking for con- tinued import controls and for a promotional campaign to increase the sale of American dairy prod- ucts. The statement put new emphasis on the long-standing conflict be- tween the State Department's pol- icy of seeking lower tariff bar- a means of encouraging the flow of trade with U. S. and the cry of many American producers for high tariff walls to protect their domestic markets. At his news conference, Dulles said Rep. Andresen (R-Minn) must have misunderstood him if Andre- sen thought- he favored strength- ening existing curbs against farm- dairy shipments from abroad. Question Arose The question arose when a re- porter said Assistant Secretary of State Harold F. Linder told a con- gressional committee tnis week that the department f avers elimin- ating the present restrictions on farm-dairy imports. The reporter wanted to know if Linder's statement reflected a change of policy in view of the fact that Andresen, who talked with Dulles recently, claimed Dul- les favored strengthening the res-] trictions. In reply, Dulles said he didn't think it represented a change of policy. He said he hadn't seen Andresen's statement, but if the reporter quoted it correctly, there must have been a misunderstand- ing. Officials said more than a dozen friendly governments have com- plained to the United States about the import restrictions, which are set forth, in the 1950 Defense Pro- duction Act. Under the law, the secretary of can bar further im- ports whenever foreign shipments of butter, cheese and other speci- fied farm commodities reach a certain level. As Dulles expressed his views, 90 leaders of the dairy industry concluded a two-day conference called by Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Benson for the purpose of finding answers, if possible, to mounting problems confronting the industry. Peace Overtures fVery China Radio Says TOKYO China's radio tonight described the Communist offer to end the fighting in Korea as a very fair proposition and warned that all Chinese to a man will fight for complete victory if the Allies "spurn" an armistice. Peiping radio again tonight de- voted much of its English-language broadcasts to comment on the pro- posal by Chinese Premier Chou En-lai for settling the prisoner of war issue. Peiping said the statements of Ghou, North Korean Premier Kim II Sung and Russian Foreign Min- ister V. M. Molotov are drawing "warm support" from Chinese North Koreans and even outside the Iron Curtain. Collides With Swedish Steamer In Dardanelles Communication With Men Trapped Below Sea Fails By FRED J. ZUSY ISTANBUL, Turkey UP! The Turkish submarine Dumlupinar, formerly the U. S. Bumper, sank in the Dardanelles after a collision early today and all aboard are pre- sumed lost. The Turkish armed forces press bureau said all contact with the stricken vessel had been lost. She carried 96 men on her fatal plunge but four on deck were plucked to safety. The Dumlupinar sank in the early morning darkness after a collision with the Swedish merchant ship, Naboland. The Turkish navy's chief of staff Asmim earlier that appeals from the submarine indicated 22 men were alive, trap- ped in the hull, about 228 feet down. He said then there was not much, hope for them, because deep water and swift currents hampered res- cue operations. Five persons were on the deck at the time of the collision, and were saved, but one of the five died later from injuries. Buoy Shinik said the only contact with the trapped men was through an emergency telephone line sent to the surface by a buoy released from the submarine. The survivors were in water- tight stern compartments. The bovr Crott Locates the area in the Dardanelles where the Turkish submarine Dumlupinar sank early today. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) was flooded and smashed and all according to earlier an- perished immediately. Divers, sent down this morning, reported it would be impossible to refloat the submarine. Rescue workers were trying to get the trapped sailors out some other way possibly through regular or emer- gency escape hatches. Start Salvage Operation! An earlier communique had list- ed 74 trapped in the in the flooded and smashed bow and 40 in the still intact stern. This gave rise to an assumption that at least the 34 in the bow were dead. Salvage operations were started at once when the submarine wai located by a buoy which it re- leased. U. S. Vice Adm. John H. Cas- sady, commander of naval support and striking forces of NATO's South European command, rushed the U. S. destroyer Hawkins to the scene of rescue operations. On board the Hawkins were doctors, trained divers and a supply of med- icines. Adm Koroturk was first reported aboard the craft, but the Turkish General Staff said that was a mis- take. The submarine, a craft completed in 1944 and transferred to the Turkish navy in 1950 under a U. S, military aid agreement, went down in 132 feet, of water. The Dumlupinar was equipped (Continued on W, Column I.) SUB City Election Open 7 a.m. Until 8 p.m. f v i
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