Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 3, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy Tonight And Saturday, Cooler Tonight River Stage 24-Hour (Flood Stage 13) Today 9.55 .11 Year Ago 9.51 VOLUME 53, NO. 39 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL 3, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES CHRIST A SIX-FOOTER Artist Reconstructs Size From Shroud Many Believe Held Jesus By FRANK BRUTTO ROME Jesus Christ was more than 6 feet, long-limbed and finely muscled. This is the conclusion of Roman sculptor-artist Lorenzo Ferri after 21 years of study of the Sancta Sindone, the shroud believed by many scholars to be the white linen cloth Joseph of Arimathea wrapped around Jesus' body after it was taken down from the cross. Ferri is convinced that the in a cathedral at Turin and long the property- of the former royal house of Roman Sculptor-Artist Lorenzo Ferri points to his bone- structure drawing, left, of the body of Christ based on the Sancta Sindone, second from left, shroud believed to be the white linen cloth Joseph of Arimathea wrapped around Jesus' body after He was taken down from the cross. Second from right is Ferri's drawing of Christ's muscular system. At right is the artist's com- pleted version of the body of Jesus Christ. Ferri, after 21 years cf study of the Sancta Sindone, concludes that He was more than six feet tall, long-limbed and finely muscled. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Prisoner Exchange Plans Progressing By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN MUNSAN, Korea United Nations Command today rushed plans for the possible quick return of sick and wounded Allied prisoners from North Korea. But the American admiral who will speak for the U. N. in prisoner exchange talks opening Monday at Panmunjom refused to predict the outcome. "I've been here since June and I would never make the mistake of being said Rear Adm. John C. Daniel, a U. N. truce negotiator chosen to head the Allied liaison team. "I hope the Communists mean business this he added, Daniel, who flew here from Tokyo early this week, has been in almost constant telephone con- tact with Gen. Mark Clark's Tokyo headquarters. Plane Ready If the negotiators at Panmunjom agree to exchange sick and wound- ed prisoners the Eighth Army will handle the transportation, medical care and supply. Maj. Gen, Paul D. Adams, Eighth Army chief of staff, was Friday TODAY Hard Test In Store For Allies By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP Soviet rul-iat this advance camp j checking on preparations. U. S. Marine engineers around the clock probably actually do want to j end the fighting in Korea. More- is the cloth of which both St. Luke and St. John wrote. St. Luke, describing Jesus' pas- sion and death, wrote that a man named Joseph went to Pilate and begged the body of Jesus. "And he took it down, and wrapped it in linen and laid it in a sepulchre that was hewn in stone, wherein never man before was laid." (Luke: Chap. 23, V. 53) Like Veronica's veil, with which the holy woman wiped the sweat- ing, bleeding face of Jesus as he labored under the cross on the way to Calvary, the shroud bears an imprint. The imprint is of an en- tire body, both front and back. Its history has been well known for ages. In the past it was the center of frequent and sometimes hot debate over its authenticity. It remained for the discovery of modern photography to bring about new intensive study of the shroud. The first international study group of the Sancta Sindone was received in special audience by Pope Pius in 1951, The Pope later accepted reproductions of the head of Christ sculptured by Ferri after minute calculations of the image on the shroud. These show a noble, majestic face, with a powerful, dominant brow, prominent nose, mobile lips and two-tufted beard. When the shroud was exhibited publicly in 1898 a photograph of it was permitted. There was a sen- sation when it was discovered that the photographic negative held a positive image. This proved that the image on the shroud, in effect, itself was a negative. Ferri, in his studies, uses life- sized copies of the most recent photographs of the shroud made in 1933. Meticulous study of these photo- graphs finally led to Ferri's belief Jesus Christ was considerably tall- er than first thought from prelim- inary examinations of the shroud. These had conceived of the figure as having been straight and flat on the cloth. Ferri noted that its folded hands came to a point on the thighs they could not normally reach if the figure were erect or lying flat. From this he deduced that Jesus' DOdy was curved slightly in the shape of the letter "S." Living Models Then, using living models and placing them on a sheet that re- produced the measurements of the shroud, he arrived at his computa- tion of Christ's height. This, he discovered could not be less than 6 feet 1 nor more than 6 feet 2. Dr. Paul Vignon in 1901 read a paper before the Academic des Sciences in which he maintained the impression upon the shroud was a "vaporigraph" caused by ammonical emanations radiating from the surface of Christ's body after so violent a death. Such vapors, he said, were capable of producing a deep reddish brown stain, varying in intensity with the distance, upon a cloth impregnated with oils and aloes. St. John, in his version of the crucifixion and death of Jesus, mentioned the mixture with which on a I his body was anointed and which Ike Reported Canvassing for GOP Chairman May Choose New Leader Among Western, Governors over, the Korean move may por- 1 fence surrounding a large clearing j of the Sindone now be- tend a new Soviet policy line which nearby which reportedly will be will subject the mettle of the West j Or 3S 3 to a test at least as severe as the Korean war itself. This about sums up the majority view of the ex- perts who have been studying the recent signs and portents from Moscow. There are, of course, plenty of different theories as to why the Soviets may want to end the Kor- ean war. But the theory most gen- erally favored starts with the death of Joseph Stalin and the coming to power of Georgi M. Malenkov. Stalin was an old man, with his roots in the. period of Russian revo- lutionary ferment. However much he may have diverged from Com- munist doctrine in practice, Stalin was deeply imbued with the d ic- tririaire rigidity of the old rev ,lu- tionary. This rigidity has repeated- ly'saved the West. A less violent policy might well have brought the Communists to power in Western Europe after the war. Stalin could have wrecked the Marshall Plan simply by joining it. The Soviet-en- gineered Czech coup awoke the West, and the Korean war alerted the West again, after it had gone comfortably to sleep in the Louis Johnson era. And so on. MALENKOV IS A young man, and he is not a revolutionary at all. He is a practical expert in the art of seizing and exercising power in the modern slave-state. Moreover, he has nothing but contempt for doctrine. In a speech he delivered In 1946, Malenkov savagely at- tacked the Soviet theoreticians and used either as a receiving point supply depot. One officer said he had orders to finish the fence by nightfall. Army convoys lined the highway from Seoul to Munsan hauling sup- plies. One 13-truck convoy carried tent frames and a second convoy of 15 trucks hauled tent canvas, lumber, generators, housekeeping tools and equipment and other supplies, K or e a n laborers were also brought in on trucks. Will Airlift Sick Eighth Army officers planned to mobilize all helicopters that could be spared from the fighting front to airlift sick and wounded pris- oners from the Panmunjom ex- change point to field hospitals be- hind the lines. Present plans call for transport- ing the less severe cases to the rear by bus and truck and possibly by railroad. More and more Allied officers and troops arrived at this apple orchard as preparations were stepped up. So far, though, Daniel was the only member of the five- man delegation to put in an ap- pearance, Lt. Gen, William K. Harrison Jr., the senior delegate, remained in Tokyo where he talked with Gen. Clark. The hour for Monday's meeting at Panmunjom has not been an- nounced. Most sessions in the past have started at 11 a. m. There was cautious hope among observers here that the liaison produced the negative im- pression on the fine linen mesh. Wet, Sticky Snow In .Part of State By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS An Aprl snow storm that weight- ed wires with sticky, wet snow, knocked out 150 telephone circuits in the Willmar area today while the rest of Minnesota got precipi- tation in the form of rain or snow. Eighty telephone poles were down in the seven miles between Benson and Danvers. Northwestern Bell Telephone Co., in Minneapolis ported several towns isolated be- cause of downed lines. They in- cluded Hanley Falls, Vesta, Cotton- wood and Seaforth, all in South- western Minnesota. Willmar received five inches of snow up to 8 a.m. with the tern- By JACK BELL WASHINGTON HI President Eisenhower today was reported canvassing the list of Western Republican governors along- with other possibilities for the GOP national chairmanship. Eisenhower told a White House news conference yesterday he thinks the committee, meeting here April 10, will choose a man who commands the highest respect of the country as a successor to C. Wesley Roberts. The President said it wasn't his prerogative to pick a chairman but conceded his views will be influ- ential.'' He indicated he had not made up his mind on a candidate. Roberts Resigns Roberts resigned after a Kansas legislative committee held he had violated the spirit of the state's anti-lobbying law in collection of an fee in the sale of a hospital to the state, before he be- came GOP chairman. Eisenhower emphasized the sta- ture of the man he wants as Roberts' successor by indicating he .may be difficult to find. The President said he doesn't think anybody really wants the job of chairman. Some other Republicans weren't so sure about that. Eisenhower and Sen, Taft of Ohio, the Republican leader, dis- cussed the chairmanship at a White House conference, apparent- ly with no concrete results. The question of picking a West- ern Republican governor was re- ported to have come up at that time. Among those said to have been mentioned were Governors Dan Thornton of Colorado, Edwin L. Mechem of New Mexico, Howard Pyle of Arizona and J. Bracken Lee of Utah'. Eisenhower was said to be of the opinion, however, that a governor would have to resign and devote his full time to the national chair- manship, since he would be ex- pected to maintain headquarters in Washington. Besides the names of the gov- ernors, three youthful GOP state headers were reported mentioned at the conference as possibilities for the chairmanship. Some Possibilities They are Robert K. Goodwin, [owa national committeeman; Wayne Hood of Indiana; and Ray Bliss, Ohio state chairman. Eisenhower said in response to a news conference question that former Rep. Leonard W. Hall of New York, now a surrogate judge, was one of a dozen persons whose names had been brought to his attention. House Speaker Joseph Martin (Mass) has advocated the election of Hall, who is said to be eager to get back into national politics. Hall formerly headed the House Repub- lican Campaign Committee. Taft's many backers on the Na- tional Committee seemingly would find Sen. Frank Carlson of Kansas, an early Eisenhower supporter in last year's battle for the GOP presidential nomination, satisfac- tory as a chairman but Eisenhower is represented as not wanting to go back to Kansas for Roberts' suc- cessor, Cut Halts Sales Tax Drive Morgue Attendants and sheriff's deputies re- moved the body of William A. Braverman, 19, from a sand and gravel pit near Rochester, N. Y. Marine Fred E. McManus, 18, has admitted to Dubuque, la., police that young Braverman, a Hobart College student, was one of five persons he shot and killed during a cross-country crime spree. Braverman's body was found by the owner of the gravel pit and one of his workmen. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) 5th BODY FOUND Senate Hearing Set for Nelsen WASHINGTON Chairman Aiken (R-Vt) said Thursday his Senate Agriculture Committee will hold a hearing Tuesday on the nomination of Lt. Gov. Ancher Nelsen of Minnesota as rural elec- trification administrator. Aiken told the Senate Nelsen was reported to be a "good man" for I the post and tha he knew of no opposition, but set the hearing in view of the "widespread interest" in the nomination. McManus Refuses Aid From Father DUBUQUE, la. 18-year-old confessed slayer of five persons remained adamant in refusing his father's pleas to accept legal counsel today as authorities in at least two states prepared to ask the youth's extradition. But the father, Mose McManus, Valley Stream, Long Island, brew- ery executive, after a third visit with his son, Fred Eugene, said the boy's attitude had changed con- siderably. "Now he is more like his true self to his the elder Mc- Manus said. He added, however, his son still would not let him retain an attor- Stassen Agrees With Ike About Sen. McCarthy at 1.16 Forty poles were reported down around Clara City and Ray- mond and lines were out of service from Willmar to Paynesville, Mont- evideo and several other communi- ties. Woman Public Official Jailed at Proctor DULUTH doctrinaire intellectuals "people w'u reach agreement on j den Smith, Duluth, remained in nere today in lieu of who have quotations from Marx and Engels ready for every purpose ind every pretext." No one believes that Malen- kov'i objectives will differ in from Stalin's. But this ruthless, intensely practical man, more flexible than his aged predecessor, may use different means to the same Malenkov's immediate ob- jective, of course, like Stalin's after Lenin's death, is to con- solidate his own regime. The war in Korea involves a real [Continued on Page 7, Column 4) ALSOPS exchanging sick and wounded pris- oners and perhaps pave the way for a truce in Korea. The Reds proposed Thursday that a date be set Monday for resumption of truce negotiations which were suspended last Oct. 8. Gen. Clark has made it clear the armistice talks cannot resume until agreement is reached on exchang- ing disabled prisoners. jail bond on a charge of misappropriat- ing )lic funds. Iv vrd Golling, state public ex- aminer, charged Mrs. Smith con- verted to her own use while serving as secretary and cashier of the Proctor Light and Power Commission. No date for her trial was set when she was arraigned Thursday, Bullet Misses Union Leader MINNEAPOLIS to A bullet fired from ambush narrowly miss- ed Emery Stone, 39, an AFL union shop steward, as he opened the door of .his car near his home Thursday night. The bullet penetrated a door window. Stone was leaning into the car to remove packages from the back seat when he said he heard the shot. Stone lives at 708 S. Eighth St. Stone told police he couldn't connect the shooting with his union activities. He is a steward for Automobile and Petroleum Work- ers Union, local 977. On March 12 a shot was fired at Robert L. Wisbart, Minneapolis labor leader. On Feb. 17, a rifle shot was fired at Joseph Adams, former union official. The bullet missed Adams but wounded Ms 10-year-old daughter. WASHINGTON W) Mutual Security Director Harold E. Stas- sen said today he thoroughly agrees with President Eisenhow- er's position on the controversial efforts by Sen. McCarthy to curb free world trade with Communist nations. Talking to White House newsmen after a Cabinet meeting, Stassen said in reply to a question that specifically he agrees with Eisen- hower 'that it would have been better for him to nave used the world "infringe" instead of say- ing the Wisconsin senator had "undermined" government policy. Stassen told McCarthy's govern- ment operations subcommittee on Monday that McCarthy had un- dermined government efforts to shut off trade with Iron Curtain ports. The subcommittee has been getting pledges from Greek ship owners not to trade with Red China and North Korea. Eisenhower said at his news coiir ference Thursday he personally did 'not believe McCarthy had undermined policy, but he empha- sized that the right to negotiate agreements in that field rests completely and absolutely with the President. Stassen said today he is "happy" about what he termed the outcome of the controversy. ney. "The family can use the money better than I the youth asserted. "I'll wait aad let the court appoint an attorney for me." Anxious to Help The father said that although his son told him he "should go back to the he will stay on Driver in Crash Cuts Arm Off to Free Himself HATTIESBURG, Miss. A 28- year-old New Augusta, Miss., mechanic cut off his left arm with a pocket knife Wednesday to free himself from the wreckage of his automobile. Carl Creel, in good condition to- day at a hospital here, explained calmly: "I didn't figure there was any- thing else I could do." Creel said his car hit a hole in the road and flipped over on its side. His arm was pinned outside door between the car and the asphalt highway. "The blood was jetting out more than a he related. "I was afraid the car would catch on fire, so I got my knife out of my pocket and went to work. cutting I did was made a here as long as there is a chance' little easier by the fact the bones that he can be helpful. in the arm were broken clean through, I just followed the line .of the break with the blade of my he said. "Then I began walking for help, Adiai Visits Indochina HANOI, Indochina Wl Adiai Stevenson arrived today in this Far East trouble spot as part of his tour of the Orient. Stevenson will inspect French- led troops fighting the Communist Vietminh guerrillas in North In- i dochina. The two concluded their third meeting Thursday night shortly be- fore Rochester, N. Y., officials located the first of young McMan- us' five victims-William A. Braver- man, 19-year-old Hobart College freshman. The body was found shortly be- fore dusk in an abandoned gravel pit about six miles east of Rochest- er by the pit owner, who had a hunch" after he recalled seeing a car near an adjoining pit last Friday. The search for the body of Brav- erman, missing since last Friday, had gone on since McManus told authorities here Tuesday night the college student was his first vic- tim in a cross-country crime spree. McManus said he shot Braverman for bis car. Sought in Illinois At Wheaton, III., authorities con- cerned with the slayings of George and Florence Bloomberg at Keeneyville, 111., began legal action to bring to Illinois McManus and 16-year-old Diana Marie Weggeland of Irondequoit, N. Y., arrested with him. State's Atty. William L. Guild of DuPage Couaty, 111., said extra- dition warrants have been pre- pared seeking McManus' return for the double slayings and the girl's return as an accessory after the fact. Guild disclosed that during a talk with McManus the youth as- serted he would prefer to return to a state that used the electric chair, Committee Lops Million Off Governor's Bill 19 Institutions In State Covered By Recommendation By JACK B. MACKAY ST. PAUL (SI It looks like the Minnesota Legislature Is not going to enact a sales tax. Leading legislators close to the "package" tax program introduced last week by the House Rules Committee told The Associated Press "it's almost certain that there's not going to be a need for a, sales tax." This feeling has been brought about, to a great extent, since introduction of the big appropria- tions bills with heavy cuts in bud- get requests. It's not going to be necessary to hit the general revenue fund as hard as believed when memberi of the rules committee proposed a sales tax, coupled with abolition of all personal property taxes. Savings Cited One of the heaviest blows to enactment of a sales tax took place Thursday afternoon when the Appropriations Committee intro- duced a 45-million dollar bill cov- ering allowances for 19 state institutions. The bill carried ap- propriations, higher than the 1951 allowances, but provision was made to take from the income tax school fund for care and education of children in state institutions. Gov. Anderson had recommend- ed about 51 million dollars, so the appropriations bill represented a cut of about 6 million dollars. "It looks like this session will not enact a sales fact they may never get around to consider- ing the package tax bill introduced a week said one leading legislator who has been close to the tax proposal. While the appropriations art higher than the 1951 al- lowances for the same purposes, bill is so drafted that the general revenue fund will charged with only Two years ago the same approp- riations from the general revenue fund amounted to School Fund The dedicated income tax school fund is being tapped for for the education and care of children in state institutions, under provisions of the bill. This is in line with a recommendation by Gov. Anderson that the Legislature use from the school fund to help pay such costs. Now that the general revenue fund would be cut into less than in 1951 for institu- tions, legislators were hopeful that it would not be necessary to im- holding my left arm tight above pose a sales tax to meet the cost Qf government_ In addition to the money from the income tax fund, would be taken from the state the elbow to .stop the bleeding. Creel walked about one mile aft- er amputating the arm midway between the wrist and the elbow. The mechanic is the father of a prison revolving fund and a half 7-month-old daughter and has been million dollars borrowed from the out of the months. Army less than two (Contlnutd on Page 3, Column McMANUS 2) Plan Now to Vote in City Election Monday Humphrey Offers Bill On Migratory Labor WASHINGTON bill to create a federal committee on mi- gratory labor was offered Thurs- day by Sen. Humphrey The bill, identical to one offered last year, is designed to co-ordi- nate work of government agencies in improving government migra- tory farm labor policies. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and to- night and Saturday. Cooler to- night. Low tonight 28, high Satur- day 40. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 55; minimum, 34; noon, 38; precipitation, .36; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central .Observations) Max. temp. 52 at p.m. Thurs- day, min. 36 at a.m. today. Sky overcast at feet, visibility, 15 miles with light rain, wind 28- miles per hour from southwest. barometer 29.56 steady, humidity 94 per cent building fund. Institutions covered in the bill are the state hospitals at Anoka, Fergus Falls, Hastings, Moose Lake, Rochester, Sandstone, St. Peter and Willmar; Owatonna State School, Cambridge State School and Hospital, Minnesota School and Colony, Faribault; Braille and Sight-Saving School and the School for the Deaf, Faribault; Gillette Hospital for Crippled Children, St. Paul; St. Cloud Men's Reformatory; Shakopee Women's Reformatory; and StiUwater State Prison, Home School for Girls at Sauk Center, and Red Wing Training School, Immediate Protest A subcommittee of the Senate Finance Committee presented re- commendations for appropriations for the University of Minnesota, totaling for the next two years. This compares with asked by the university, 156 recommended by Gov. Ander- son, and appropriated for the current two years. The subcommittee proposal brought an immediate protest from. Sen. William Dahlquist, Thief River Falls. I am not satisfied that this three million dollar increase can be he said. We can't sit here and tell every other department in the state to hold the line and then open the flood gates for the university."