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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 25, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Colder Tonight, Thursday Fair And Warmer VOLUME 53, NO. 31 River Stage (Flood 13) %-oday 7.94 Year Ago 5.97 24-Hour .50 .45 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MARCH 25, 1953 TWENTY-FOUR PAGES Dowager Queen Mary Of Britain Succumbs Queen Elizabeth I! was accompanied by her husband, the Duke of Edinburgh, as they departed from Marborough House in London today, where her grandmother, Queen Mary, succumbed Tuesday. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) TODAY Approach To Russia Pondered By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON new ap- proach to the Kremlin, to seek a Korean settlement and for other purposes, is being actively debat- ed at the highest levels the Eisenhower administration. The debate started in the tur- moil following the death of Stalia. The change of regime in Moscow caused an almost unprecedented stir here in Washington. Intelli- gence and other experts were drag- ged from their weekend pleasures. Ad hoc committees were appoint- ed all over the place. The general view was that Stalin's death pre- sented a great opportunity, be- cause of the inevitable uncertainty and confusion in Moscow. But there was little agreement on how the opportunity sought to be ex- ploited. New Approach Urged Queen Mary Moscow Making Peace Appeals To Britain, U.S. LONDON Wl Moscow radio took the lead in proposing a ma- jor, formal new approach to the Kremlin at this time. The idea soon took several forms, ranging all the way from a plan for a meeting of President Eisenhower, Prime Minister Mal- enkov and Prime Minister Church- ill, with the possible addition of a French representative, to a proj- ect for a full-dress note to Moscow, declaring our own peaceful inten- tions and testing the intentions of the Kremlin. As can be these earlier forms of the scheme for a new approach to the Kremlin had more than a tinge of psychologi- cal warfare. The aim was to achieve results if possible, by an approach made in all sincerity. But the aim wa-s also to demonstrate the insincerity of the Kremlin's renewed peace of- fensive, if the American approach should be rejected or should fail in the end. President Interested The scheme is known to have awakened the lively interest of the President. S-ecretary of State John Foster Dulles is also said to have given it a friendly reception in the first instance. But the State De- partment as a whole objected strongly to the manner, if not the matter, of the proposed new ap- proach. The formality and the pub- licity both needful from the standpoint of psychological war- the aspects particular- ly condemned. In the view of the State Depart- ment, formal and public negotia- tions with the Soviet Union almost never get results, whether conduct- ed by note, or in the U. N. forum, or at special international confer- ences. If the desire is to achieve a Korean settlement or other solid gains, the department argues that the quietest possible diplomatic channels are the right channels to use. argues in and competition" in trade with I the Soviets. In Bonn, West German Chancel- jlor Konrad Adenauer challenged the Kremlin to back up its peace talk by agreeing to the unification claimed still are being held in Russia. The Soviet broadcast to America of a stream of assurances of peaceful Russian intentions that began after the death of Joseph that Moscow is spending so much money on "eco- nomic and cultural development" that it could not possibly be pre- paring for a third world war. But the Soviet offer to Britain spoke less conciliatingly of the U. S. That broadcaster said unfor- tunately there were influential cir- cles in America "which claim there must be no co-operation with the Soviet Union and the people's democracies." This broadcast said that what these American circles want is re- armament and war profits. Judge Awards Sheriff Raise CARLTON, Minn, Os- car Juntunen of Carlton County would receive a a year salary increase under a decision handed down Tuesday by District Judge Victor H. Johnson. Sheriff Juntunen had asked the county board to raise his salary from to but the in- crease was denied. The sheriff ap- pealed to District Court. Judge Johnson's decision, raising the salary to could be ap- pealed to the state Supreme Court. army and the of Ger- many. Secretary Dulles has made "substantial progress" with the European army the prime test of Europe's good will. Even now, the French Foreign Minister, Georges Bidault, is stated to be intriguing and (Continued on Page 21, Column 3) has two children, testified he was ALSOPS Ion call at all times. 1952. The figures included besides salary, mileage, board for'prison- ers and fees for serving civil pa- pers. They did not include value of quarters Month's Mourning Won't Interfere With Coronation LONDON Elizabeth II today decreed a month's mourn- ing for Queen Mary, thus carrying out the wish of her grandmother that nothing interfere with Eliza- beth's coronation in June. Ending the period of mourning after a month will allow plenty of time for pre-coronation arrangements and activities. Queen Mary died peacefully in her sleep Tuesday night at the age of 85. Elizabeth, accompanied by the Duke of Edinburgh, was among the i descendants of Queen Mary who drove slowly up to Marlborough j House toe1 ay. All were attired in ideep mourning. Their faces were heavy with grief and they bowed their heads as they walked into Queen Mary's home to discuss funeral arrangements. Windsor Visits Home Elizabeth and her husband stayed for 40 minutes. Other visitors in- cluded the Queen Mother Elizabeth, Princess Margaret, the Duke of Windsor, the Duchess of Kent (widow of Mary's fifth child) and the Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr. Geoffrey Fisher. The Duke of favorite son who renounced the throne in 1936 to marry Wallis Warfield Simpson, an American divorcee, drove up alone. In New York, the Duchess said she was greatly distressed by the news of the Queen's death and had canceled all social arrangements. The Duchess had never been received by her mother-in-law. The funeral probably will not be held at Westminster Abbey because of the coronation building work in progress there. The services may be conducted at St. Paul's Cathe- dral in London or .in St. George's Chapel at Windsor Castle. Queen I Mary will be buried beside her husband, George V, in St. George's Chapel. Months ago the stern-willed old grandmother, in speaking to friends about the coronation, said "nothing must interfere with it. Nothing." QuPen Mary had been ill for more than a month with what her doctors described as a gastric ail- ment. The exact nature of her ill- ness has not been disclosed. Churchill Reports Death Prime Minister Winston Church- ill gave the hushed House of Com- the first news of her death last night. Holding a single sheet of white paper in his trembling hand, the dinner-jacketed government lead- er said in a voice breaking with sobs: "Mr. Speaker, I rise to move adjournment of the House. I have with great regret to make the an- nouncement that Queen Mary has died." A few cries of dismay from pub- lic galleries .broke the quiet. Churchill told the House he would make an address of condolence to Queen Elizabeth today, then ask adjourment for the day "as an ex- pression of our profound sorrow and respect." In Ottawa, Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent announced the death to the Canadian Commons and that House also adjourned. As Churchill spoke, a solemn attendant a few blocks away post- ed the fourth and last medical bul- letin of the day on the gates of Marlborough House. Edged in black, it said simply: "While sleeping peacefully, Queen Mary died at twenty minutes past I ten o'clock." j Four generations of Britons who knew and loed her as the proud symbol of royalty paid their trib- ute. Throughout the far-flung Brit- lish Commonwealth, with 575 mil- Ilion inhabitants, flags were dipped land minutes of silence observed. I President Eisenhower sent his deep personal sympathy and re- called: "Queen Mary was a good, great queen. Free peoples the world over will mourn her loss." Similar expressions from other chiefs of state poured in to her monarch-granddaughter at Buck-, jngham Palace. "She was like your own grand- said one of the mourners who crowded in silence about her .stately Marlborough House resi- Idence, where she died in London's I foggy gloom last night. "Poor old she wanted so badly to see her grandchild murmured another. I A period of official mourning will be announced shortly, ptobably i within 48 hours. It was eJlSpected last only a few Funeral arrangements ex- i (Continued on 9, Column 2) QUEEN MARY 111 POWs Go Home BAD REIRHENHALL, Germany The last U prisoners of war held in Communist Yugo- slavia returned to then- home coun- try today. They included two for- mer generals pardoned from death sentences for war crimes. Solons to Get 3% Sales Tax Package Plan Proposal Would Kill Personal Property Taxes By JACK MACKAY ST. PAUL three per cent sale tax, abolition of all personal property taxes, and tax relief for the small income taxpayer, will be wrapped up in a single package and submitted to the Legislature Thursday or Friday, it was learned j today. I The proposal, destined to produce the hottest oratory of the entire session, has the backing of a num- iber of the most powerful leaders i in both legislative branches and is designed to solve the state's money problems. I House Majority Leader Roy E. Dunn, Pelican 'Rapids, and Senate I Leader Archie MiEer, Hopkins, are among supporters of the I "package which reportedly (has found favor with many other (legislators at a private meeting (Tuesday night. j The three per cent levy would j be on all sales, including meals at restaurants, but foods purchased at groceries and meat markets would be exempt under the plan. Real 'Tipotf' First real "tipoff" on the pack- age tax idea came from Dunn during debate Tuesday over a bill to abolish, personal property taxes on household goods. The bill came before the House after Rep. D. D. i Wozniak, St. Paul, member of the [Liberal minority group, invoked a little-used rule to "spring" a bill from committee after it had not been acted upon for a certain length of time. Promptly after the Wozniak meas- ure came up, Dunn moved to refer it to the tax committee. He told the House that "another tax bill is very apt to come from the Tax Committee." Later, he told The Associated Press the package plan was being drafted and would be offered soon. are con- Agriculture Dept. Changes Sought Conservative leaders fident that such a bill can pass, but some of the minority group were equally confident it could not. j mile Rep. A, I. Johnson of M' Ruben Guerrez, 10, of New York City, tried to save a dime and this is what happened to him. He crawled under the turnstile in the subway sta- tion and got stuck, left arrow. Police came with wrenches and crowbars and after almost an hour of effort extricated the lad by removing the lower bars of the turnstile, center. Little Ruben, the grateful boy he is, thanked his rescuers, at right. (Ed. Note. He saved the dime. Police took him. home.) (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Military Men Getting Chummy With A-Bombs LAS VEGAS, Nev. Military men are getting downright chum my with atomic blasts, havin. ventured safely within less than a ______a half of one. Nine daring volunteers who hud- a minority sparkplug, said: don't think any bill with a tax can pass this House." Dunn said he has met with a number of the lawmakers and believes such a measure could win j approval in both houses. He es- timated that taxpayers would get about 55 million dollars in tax relief through elimination of per- sonal property taxes, while the three per cent sales levy would yield about 75 millions. With about 10 million dollars new money needed to finance anticipat- ed new appropriations in the state budget and about two million dol- lars to administer a sales tax law, Dunn pointed out, there would be about eight million dollars left to extend income tax relief to those in the lower brackets. At any rate, even if the bill passes, there was the big quest- ion: "Will Governor Anderson sign such a The governor has opposed a sales tax, but indicated he might sign a bill where a sales tax serves as replacement for other levies and "if there is a definite demand on the part of the public." A pet proposal of the governor's power of arrest for liquor in- spectors won preliminary ap- proval in the House Tuesday, 52- 45. But, it may have trouble when it comes up for final action today or Thursday. Of the 34 House members not voting -in committee of the whole, supporters of the bill will have to pick up 14 more votes for their necessary majority of 66 to pass. A companion bill still is in the Senate Liquor Con- itrol Committee. 1, 0 rnn I died m five-foot trenches 2500 thus were closer than any humans since nuclear destruction hit Hiro- shima and Nagasaki in 1945. Brig. Gen. William C. Bullock, commander of Camp Desert Rock and military exercise commander, may later be proved right in his claim of last week that troops can survive above ground, lying prone, within two miles of a blast. It was Bullock who selected four Army, four Navy and one Air Force officer from a group of vol- unteers for yesterday's close ap- proach. In the civil defense test last week troops and military observers and 20 newsmen were in trenches yards from the ex- plosion. Yesterday troops were yards away, The second shot of the spring series was from a 300-foot tower on Yucca Flat in the vast Nevada Proving Grounds 65 miles north- west of here. It was accompanied by expanded Air Force participation, 53 planes in all, including 12 B36 bombers which flew near enough to get a jolt from the blast. A Navy AD2 fighter drone plane, controlled by two mother ships, was flown into the thermal envelope or heat waves and back to land safely at Indian Springs Air Force Base. An Air Force spokesman said of the B36 crews: "We want the lead crews of bombers which might some day be involved in a real atomic operation to show at first hand what a blast is like. We want to make sure that they don't suffer from buck fever. .We plan the same sort of training for crews of other planes at later dates." By A Night and day-long fight with Chinese Com- munists on Old Baldy in Korea, a United Nations soldier took his rest where he could find a pile of ammunition boxes. The Chinese launched one -of their heaviest assaults in months on Old Baldy and fighting continued today. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Freezing Weather Covers Midwest By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS It was more chilly, cloudy and wet weather for wide areas in the Eastern half of the country today. It was fair and mild over the Southern tier of states and in most areas west of the Rockies. Showers continued in the Appa- lachians and coastal states and there was more rain in Northern Maine and Vermont. Thun- derstorms hit eastern sections Tuesday with heavy falls in some areas. Freezing temperatures were gen- eral'over the North Central region again today. Cool air extended over the Great Lakes region, the Mid- west and Northern and Central Plains. Snow flumes fell in much of the freezing belt. Part of Wausau Tagged Flood Disaster Area WAUSAU southwest side of Wausau, where more than 30 families were driven from their homes early Tuesday by Wisconsin River flood waters, was labeled a disaster area Red Cross, by the American Ike to 'Accept' Curb Authority During Crisis WASHINGTON UP) hower administration said today the j Mrs. Marguerite Schofield, Mar- athon County Red Cross director, was instructed by headquarters at St. Louis, Mo., to give all-out aid to victims. A huge ice jam above the Wis- consin Public Service Corp. dam on the west side of the city sent flood waters over a wide residen- tial area. Four children in one family, all ill with the measles, were evacuated and were being cared for at a friend's home. Between 15 and 20 families had to be taken from their homes by boat. Jerome Schultz, his wife and two small sons were evacuated after a basement wall of their home collapsed. Railroad tracks in the vicinity of the dam were washed out and sev- The Eisen-1 eral warehouses were damaged. President would "accept" author- ity to clamp a 90-day freeze on prices and wages in an but wants no detailed standby eco- nomic control law. Acting Mobilization Director Ar- thur Flemming delivered to the Senate Banking Committee the ad- ministration's specific requests for extension of mobilization powers. Flemmrng asked: 1. A one-year extension, until June 30, 1954, of priority and allo- cation powers sufficient to protect production for the military and atomic programs. 2. Abandonment of the emer- gency power to requisition and con- demn private property needed for defense, and elimination oi the re- quirement that scarce materials be allocated among civilian users, ex- cept in special cases. 3. Extension of the authority to aid industrial expansion for de- fense by loans, loan guarantees and long-term purchase contracts. 4. Extension of rent controls un- til Sept. 30 in areas which have requested federal ceilings, and un- til April 30, 1954 in defense hous- ing critical areas. 5. Extension of the government's program to aid small business for me year, as now operated by the Of'Chip'Bohlen Seems Assured Small Defense (ration. Plants Adminis- Resolution Asks Red Probe of U ST. PAUL (M A Senate-approved resolution asking Congress to in- vestigate charges that a Commu- nist cell existed at the University of Minnesota was approved today jy the University Committee of the Minnesota House of Represen- .atives. On a voice vote, the measure was approved by all committee members with the exception of Rep. Vladimir Shipka of Calumet. Rep. Shipka explained his "no" vote by saying "I don't care to )uild up the ego of Sen. Joseph McCarthy, who is being discredited By JACK BELL WASHINGTON by Senators Taft (R-Ohio) and Sparkman (D-Ala) today appeared likely to remove the remaining barrier to lopsided Senate approval rectiy in of Charles (Chip) Bohlen to ambassador to Russia. President Eisenhower nominated Bohlen Feb> 23. The State Depart- ment sought quick Senate confir- mation so he could be speeded to Moscow to watch developments in Reorganization Plan Will Save Money, Ike Says Will Give Benson Firmer Hold on Many Operations By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH WASHINGTON Wl President Eisenhower sent Congress a re- organization plan for the Agricul- ture Department today, saying it would improve its operations and save the taxpayers some money. The money saving "cannot be itemized at this he said, but the reorganization will "further the better management of the affairs of the department." Eisenhower's plan dealt mainly with the functional structure of the department, giving Secretary of Agriculture Benson more direct control over many operations now delegated to subordinates. It would give the Department three new assistant secretaries; it now has but one. However, Ei- senhower said Benson informed him these would replace existing positions and the total payroll in- the office of the Secretary would be less than it was at the begin- ning of the year. The plan will go into effect auto- matically in 60 days unless vetoed by either the Senate or the or unless both branches vote to put it into effect earlier. In a special message to Con- gress, the President said the ob- jectives of the plan "are to simplify and make effective the operation of the Department of Agriculture, to place the administration of farm programs close to the state and local levels, and to adapt the ad- ministration of the programs of the department to regional, state and local conditions." Eisenhower said the plan "will permit the establishment of a clearer line of responsibility and authority from the President through the Secretary of Agricul- ture down to the lowest level of operations in the department." He added: "It will make the Secretary re- sponsible under law for activities within his department for whirti he is now in fact held accountable by the President, the Congress and the public. "Also it will enable the Secre- tary, from time to time, to adjust the organization of the department in order achieve continuous im- provement in operations to meet changing conditions." The Assistant Secretaries would be appoiated by the President, sub- ject to confirmation by the Sen- ate. The Administrative Assistant Sec- retary would be a Civil Service appointment by the Secretary of Agriculture, with the President's approval. Eisenhower said some present laws place importa." the wake of Joseph Stalin's death. But action has been delayed by the bitter opposition of an admitted small minority of the Senate. Taft and Sparkman made a three-hour study at the State De- partment yesterday of a 25-page summary of an FBI loyalty and security investigation of Bohlen, and they were ready to report to functions di- of the See- be i retary of Agriculture, while others delegate major functions to subor- dinate officers and agencies. The reorganization plan, with some exceptions, would transfer the latter functions to the Secre- tary. That, Eisenhower added, would the Senate shortly venes today. after it con- )y his own party." Shipka said did not believe a resolution' rom Minnesota is necessary be- cause he feels Congress will take the necessary action. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy and a little colder tonight. Thursday fair and warmer. Low tonight 22, high Thursday 46. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 house ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 42; minimum, 25; noon, 35; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 32 at a.m. to- day, min. 27 at p.m. Tuesday. Noon scattered at feet and overcast at feet, .visibility 15 miles, wind 16 miles from west northwest, barom- eter 30.18 rising, humidity 88 per cent. correct "the present patchwork assignment of statutory functions in the Functions Excepted The functions excepted from transfer to the Secretary are those of hearing examiners under the administrative procedure act; those of the corporations of the depart- ment, including their boards of di- rectors and officers; those of the advisory board of the Commodity Credit Corporation; and those of the Farm Credit Administration and the banks, corporations, and associations supervised by it. Today's was the .second reorgan- ization plan submitted to by the Eisenhower administration. Two weeks ago the President pro- posed transforming the Federal Security Agency into a Cabinet- rank department of Health, Edu- cation and Welfare. The House already has voted to advance the effective date of that plan. The' measure still is pending in the. Senate. Clark, Chiang Confer TAIPEH, Formosa Gen." Mark Clark, U. N. Far East com- mander, arrived today and spent. 45 minutes conferring with Nation- alist China's president, Chiang Kai- Shek. Clark is on a tour of South- east Asia.
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