Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 19, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Ike Expected to OK Start on Air Defense Program Warning Net Needed Around Northern Area More Fighter Air Bases, Guided Missile Sites Urged By JOSEPH STEWART ALSOP (Fourth of a Series.) of today, the small number of men who know the real situation are bet- ting that President Eisenhower will at least approve the most important parts of the air defense program that he is now consider- ing. As previously reported, this program, prepared under Air Force contract by an M.I.T. research croup Project Lincoln, is estimat- ed to cost billion to S20 billion in its entirety. Unfortunately, the most important parts of the program are also the most expen- sive parts, as may be seen from the shortest review of the scient- ists' program. Need Warning Net An early warning net must be thrown around the remote and al- most inaccessible northern fring- es of the hemisphere. The outer net must be connected with the inner net. Each part must auto- matically communicate with every other part. And all the parts must automatically guide the defenders to the attackers in the trackless spaces of the upper air. By the same token, fighter air bases and guided missile launch- ing sites must be arranged in echelon, from the air frontier to the American industrial heart- land. Every attacker must run the gaunlet of many defenders, from the moment he passes the air frontier, until he approaches his target. The earliest possible and the exposure of at- tacking aircraft to the maximum number of counter-attacks, are the twin principles of effective air defense. Some of the scientists have pro- posed a larger version of the Manhattan District, to procure the needful quantities of radically novel equipment, and to fit old and new weapons into a single, unified weapons system. Project Lincoln and its offshoot, the Sum- mer Study Group, are also under- stood to have urged the immediate establishment of a Theater of the United great step which has so long divided the arm- ed services." All Involved Arms of all the services are here involved. The Army has its anti- aircraft guns and its Nike guided missile, useful for the restricted but important task of point de- The Navy should provide radar picket ships, but is balky. The Air Force has the main air defense task with its fighters, its warn- ing net, its projected Bomarc guided missiles, and other things that are coming along. All these weapons and kinds of weapons must be made to work together, in harmony with other weapons and "kinds of equipment designed by the scientists. -Tl'e scientists understandably believe that this defensive unity of the feuding armed services cannot be achieved, without making this con- tinent a war theater, and naming a Theater Commander of the 'United States. The proposed Man- hattan District-type research and development organization can per- haps be placed under the name Theater Commander. It will not be cheap to QO these things, even on the most economi- cal basis. It will cost great sums to get six or seven hours of warn- ing instead of an hour-and-a-half; and to increase our pitiful defend- ing forces until they can be pow- erfully disposed in depth. The mere construction of housing and other facilities for air defense personnel of them at northern bases only accessible by sea for one month in each be a huge item in itself. Yet the argu- ment for all this expense is al- most inescapably strong. As has also been reported, the Project Lincoln-Summer Study Group scientists have solemnly warned that this country will be nakedly exposed to air-atomic de- struction by the Kremlin within two short years. Air Force Terrified Both the program of the scient- ists and the reasoning behind it have been running the gauntlet, just as an attacking bomber is supposed to do. In the first place, the Air Force is neurotically ter- rified of any form of military ex- penditure that can conceivably compete with the Strategic Air Command. These Air Force fears for S.A.C. were at once aroused when the Project-Lincoln scientists briefed the highest Air Force of- ficials and generals on their find- ings late last summer. The Air Force then took the extraordinary step of requesting Project Lincoln not to report in writing; and the Air Force au- thorities thereafter pompously maintained that they had never received any final report from this project they themselves had spon- sored. Nonetheless, the Project Lin- coln-Summer Study Group find- ings and program were taken to Truman and the Na- tional Security Council. The ensu- ing debate, which rocked the higher ranks of the Truman ad- ministration, caused former Sec- retary of Defense, Robert A. Lovett to appoint the first com- mittee of review. committee was headed by (Continued en Paae 5, Column 4) ALSOPS Fair Tonight And Friday, Warmer Friday VOLUME 53, NO. 26 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, MARCH 19, 1953 TWENTY-TWO PAOIS Bill Advocates Retirement Pay For Legislators Rep. Duxbury Of Caledonia Defends Measure This Is An Architect1! preliminary sketch of the new Repub- lican-Herald building announced today. The viewpoint is that which could be gained by looking toward the Milwaukee tracks from the roof of the Heise Clinic. The newspaper plant will face Franklin Street, shown at the right. What appears to be another street at the left is an employe's parking area. Architect is Harley H. Johnson of Minneapolis, son of Mr. and Mrs. Nels Johnson, 677 Main St., Winona. Construction is expected to get under way by June or July. Flame-Throwing Marines Smash Chinese Raiders By GEORGE McARTHUR SEOUL S. Marine raid- ers, striking in pre-dawn fog and rain with flamethrowers and bayo- nets, smashed a Chinese company today as the Reds grouped for an assault on Allied Western Front positions. A Marine division .spokesman said that of the 175 Communists surprised at the Chinese outpost northeast of Bunker Hill, an esti- mated 90 were killed and 65 wound- ed. Killed a Lot "We killed a lot of said one of the raiders Pfc. William W. Weitzel of Sinking Springs, Pa. "We could hear their wounded moaning out beyond the wire." I The Marines, wearing armored j vests, began their raid behind heavy artillery and tank fire. Then the men carrying the flamethrow- ers moved out. "We spotted fighting holes and bunkers by the light of our own said one. "We really scorched that area for the men moving up behind us." Behind the flamethrowers came raiders with fixed bayonets. They leaped into the smoking trenches and bunkers and battled the Chi- New Building for Republican-Herald Work to Start This Summer, All on One Floor, No Basement Formal announcement of the construction of a new Republican- Herald building was made today by M. H. White, publisher. Construc- tion of the new newspaper plant, which will be located on the side of Franklin Street immediately south of the Milwaukee tracks, will start in June or July, Mr. White said. The which will house all of The Republican-Herald s mechanical and office facilities, will be all on one floor with no The proposal would create a new, Cabinet level Department of ana uuiineio auu Health, Education and Welfare to nese for more than an hour. They assume the functions of the present said the Reds who were able fi-1 Federal Security Agency 'The White House has said Mrs, Oveta Culp Hobby, FSA adminis- trator, will be named secretary. The chief effects of the plan are to elevate the titles and salaries of top officials, hand them more authority to streamline the agency, give the President more appointive power over the department, and add a new medical advisory post. After some heated debate, the Eisenhower FSA Bill Breezes Through House 13th Daughter Dims Hopes of Father for Son By ROBERT D. CLARK PITTSFIELD, Me. ifl Lloyd Brooks looked at his newborn 13th daughter today and decided that "if we're ever going to have a son, guess we'll have to adopt But Brooks said he was none-the- less pleased with the arrival last night of 8-pound, 2-ounce Lorene basement. The new building will contain approximately square feet of floor space as con- trasted to square feet in the present building. Maximum exter- nal dimensions will be 217 feet by 150 feet. Outside walls will be constructed of brick, and most of the interior walls will be finished in glazed tile. The main entrance will face on Avis. New Arrival When his new daughter's arrival was announced, the 37-year-old, S50-a-week textile worker dashed happily up to the delivery room of Osteopathic Hospital in Water- ville shouting: "I knew it would be another Both the baby and Mrs. Brooks By JACK B. MACKAY ST. PAUL W) Retirement al- lowances for members of the Minnesota Legislature who have served three terms and attained the age of 65, is provided in a bill introduced in the House today. However, the measure provides that a lawmaker could not draw any pay during a period he holds any elective or appointive office ia either a state or federal agency. Chief author is Rep. E. J. Chil- gren of Littlefork, a strong be- liever in the principle that all employes should have some "pro- tection" when they have reached 65. "Every other public employe has some sort of retirement, or is eligible under plans set Chil- gren said. "Why shouldn't legisla- tors have some protection? "There are now bills pending in the Legislature to include all the state's elective constitutional of- Chilgren said, "and out- side of those officials, the legisla- tors are the only ones not covered. Judges have retirement, and so have all local, county and state employes." 40 House Members Chilgren estimated there are about 40 members of the House and many in the Senate who have served three terms, although most of them have not reached 65. His bill provides that the funds would be paid out of the appropriations for legislative expense. Co-authors are Reps. George Murk and H. P. (Pat) Goodin, both of Minneapolis. The bill to decontrol rents in Minnesota effective April 30, pro- duced fiery debate in House late j Wednesday. The measure failed to win preliminary approval, 50 for and 51 against, but the fight is expected to be renewed today. After the vote was announced Rep. Lloyd Duxbury, Caledonia, leaped to his feet and charged: "It is significant to me who is opposing this their ties are_what their Two Planes Fall In Newfoundland 33 Aboard Big Bombers Feared Dead Cross And Pointer locate the approximate area in Newfound- land where a huge 10-engine RB36 U. S. bomber with 23 persons reportedly aboard crashed and burned Wednes- day. The plane was return- ing to its Rapid City, S. D., base from a training flight to the Azores, and was heading, dotted line, for Gander Airport when it went down in the iso- lated area 50 miles north of St. John's. (AP Wirephoto Map to The Republican-Herald) Russ Making No Move for Peace, Ike Says WASHINGTON UFi President Eisenhower said today the new Russian regime will never be met jess than half way by his adminis- j any eHort toward world what their obligations are. "It is the same people who are nally ran. Marines Retreat Then the Marines pulled back to their own positions. The action some five miles northeast of Panmunjom, the truce conference site was the heaviest reported today along the twisting, 15-mile Korean front. rain hampered aerial strikes. However, B26 night bomb- ers blasted Communist supply ar- teries leading south from Pyong- yang, the Korean Red capital, be- above illustration. Plans include a large advertising and circulation WASHINGTON President Ei- j office the front of senhower's first government re- organization plan breezed through the House Wednesday and ap- parently faces even smoother sail- ing in the Senate. tne Daoy ana mrs. CJ.UUR.S i The mam entrance wm tace on were reported doing well. The in here with a bill to abolish the Franklin Street as shown in the j mother, who is 37, tips the scales personal property tax on house _ T____ "Dlirt o tiHo -inn hOld fiOOOS. room also will be located conven- iently near the front of the build- ing. Eliminate Waste Steps The higher section illustrated above will consist of the composing and press room. The high ceiling at 100 pounds. The other 12 Brooks girls re- joiced that the newborn is a sister and not a brother. The oldest 15-year-old Eunice, exclaimed: "If she had been a boy we'd have had to send her back. Boys are always fighting." The new baby was scheduled to be born at home but at the last hold goods. "They are playing- up to the union bosses. They want a small group to carry the load so the great majority can ride long." As several opponents of the bill moved toward Duxbury, Majority Soviet Union so far has made no formal peace overture. Eisenhower also: 1 Reiterated that tax reduction One is Giant 10-Engine Ship, Other is B29 ST. JOHN'S, Newfoundland Two U. S. Air Force planes crash- ed in Newfoundland Wednesday. All 33 men aboard the two were believed dead, including an Air Force general. A giant ID-engine bomber, an RB36, hit a hilltop on the isolated east coast of Newfoundland, It carried 23 men, including Brig. Gen. Richard E. Ellsworth, 42, of Erie, Pa., commanding general of the Rapid City, S. D., Air Base. Woodsmen found 10 bodies today near the wreckage of the a version of the B36 able to de- liver blows from bases in the U. S. to almost any point in the world. A U. S.' Superfortress with a crew of 10 crashed in St. George's Bay, about 290 miles across New- foundland from St. John's on west coast. Tne plane was from Harmon Field on the west coast. No Survivors Searchers found only wreckage and no survivors in the bay, first reports said. Both planes were on training flights'. Ground parties combed through, the wreckage of the RB36 for addi- tional bodies. The woodsmen had hacked their way through bushland and clam- bered over deep snowbanks to reach the wreckage tn a near trackless area .about. 5 rnEet north of here. The plane crashed en route from the Azores to Rapid City while on a training flight. Reports Sketchy Sketchy reports from the woods- men gave no details. They said "-V "j. 5 a Leader Roy Dunn interrupted with i tax cut 30 instead of 1. rtcllclatcu tljdt LaA liicu gave nu must be deferred until a balanced i the plane hit a hilltop, budget is in sight He said he is I Wednesday night a U. S. C4I against letting the excess profits! transport dropped a Royal Cana- tax expire June 30 without a sub- dian Air Force parachute rescue stitute to compensate for revenue loss And he said he wants the revenue rather than an income tax reduction June 30. Rep. .Reed (R-NY) has proposed a personal a motion to adjourn. The Senate devoted two hours, Dec. 31. ta this area of the building makes Mrs. Brooks to the hosp.tai De- nnssihlP a tier of windows around cause Alma, 14, came down with the German measles. Dr. Frank E. Hascom, who de- livered the- baby, said Mrs. Brooks may be permitted to return home next Sunday, The baby, however, will be kept at the hospital until Alma's measles clear up. Converted Schoolhoute The Brooks live in a converted schoolhouse of four rooms and a bath downstairs and an unfinished room upstairs. Mrs, Brooks' father, 78-year-old possible a tier of windows around the top of the room which will al- low excess heat from typesetting and other machines to pass out of the room easily. The floor plan, designed by M. H. White and William F. White, business manager, makes maxi- mum use of straight line work flow and will virtually eliminate waste steps on the part of em- ployes. Newsprint will be unloaded di be corn at nome out ai uie lasi moment it was decided to transfer without settling anything, to the Brooks to the hospital be- question of state employes' salar- lip for discussion was a bill to grant increases of S3 to a month to the workers in the lowest pay brackets. S170 to a month. This would cost a year. Prepare Amendments Declared he sees no point in questioning the loyalty of the na- tion's churches This was in reply to a question as to whether he team beside the wreck. Weather in .the area was poor today with a freezing drizzle and visibility down to three-quarters of a mile. No word has been received from the parachute team. It was not known whether they carried ra- dios, which would provide virtually the only means of rapid communi- cation from the wilderness area. The woodsmen left for the scene to a queston as we ine W0oasineu icii iui LUC stcua favored an investigation of possible j after jjearmg a predawn explosion. nces in the Communist influences in the Two search parties also churches. I left for the scene yesterday, one There has been a row in_ Con- from Gander Airport and the other over a suggestion by Chair man Velde (R-I11) that the House Un-American Activities Committee JL-aU iwfvyj.il A decision on the bill was de- i mjgnt look into Communist in ferred until its opponents can pre- j fiuences in the churches. Velde has pare amendments. since backed away from this idea. Aiier some ucaicu Mrs Bro0Kb jainer, io-jcai-um Otner oi KJ siuay House late Wednesday voted 291 rectly from railroad cars near tne Benjamjn Webb> jives witn them. the highway problem, including to 85 for a resolution to approve rear of the plant from a spur tract In addition the family keeps two financing were approved by the the plan and speed its effective The building plans provide storage twQ cats and a pig_, Committee. Bills to set up two commissions i 3. Said his nomination of Charles composed of 15 citizens, the other of 10 study from Pepperrell Air Base here. They faced long treks through the deep snow and a 10-mile trip in open motorboats. The lost- plane had been on a training flight to the Azores. A U. S. Northeast Air Command to QJ iLti A ICOUALIWVU cw r yang, the Korean Re capa, e- the plan and speed its effective The building plans provide storage fore the weather closed in. The <jate by weeks. The. resolution space for about eight cars of news- 1 Fifth Air Force reported 85 trucks were destroyed and several road bridges hit. Fourteen Japan based B29s dumped 140 tons of bombs cm An- sim, Red supply center 12 miles south of Huichon in North Cen- tral Korea. The Air Force said it was the first raid .on Ansim. Negro Wins Silver Star WESTERN FRONT, Korea "I'm very proud of the general told Pvt. Courtney L. Stan- ley, 19, today. Then Maj. Gen. James C. Fry, commander of the U. S. Second Division, pinned America's third highest award, the Silver Star, on j the breast of the young negro for extraordinary heroism on Little Gibraltar Hill Tuesday. Stanley stood alone in front of a bunker and fought off 15 to 20 Chinese Communists while another soldier gave first aid to a lieutenant colonel and another man. Both had been wounded in an attack by hun- dreds of Chinese. Stanley killed eight Reds with, rifles. The Silver Star was the highest decoration Fry could give. He told Stanley he would recommend the Distinguished Service Cross. "Were you scared up Fry asked. "No, but I sure did a lot of pray- said Stanley, of Mansfield, La. would put the proposal into opera tion 10 days after it is passed by Congress and signed by the Presi- dent. Republican leader Taft of Ohio has said he hopes to bring the approval resolution to the Senate floor next Monday. Senate Demo- cratic leaders have endorsed it. Drizzling Rain Wets Battlefront SEOUL drizzling rain start- ed along the Korean battlefront early today but temperatures re- mained relatively high. A new high of 68 for the year was recorded on the Western Front Wednesday and the thermo- meter registered 52 at noon today. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair to- night and Friday. A little colder tonight, warmer Friday. Low to- night 25, high Friday 50. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 55; minimum, 27; noon, 39; precipitation, .04; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observation.) Max. temp. 52 at p.m. Wed- nesday, min. 26 at a. m. to- day. Sky clear, visibility 15 miles, wind 18 miles per hour from north northwest, barometer 29.96 steady, humidity 64 per cent. x E. (Chip) Bohlen to be ambassador headquarters statement said "un- to Russia seems to him to. be a i confjrmed information" indicated verv eood appointment. The Presi-1 were 33 persons aboard the print. Ten private offices will be includ- ed in the structure for the pub- lisher, business manager, promo- tion manager, editor, classified ad- vertising manager, display adver- tising manager, society editor, wire editor, proof readers and tele-' typesetter operators. There also will be conference rooms for the use of the editorial and advertis- ing departments. 8-Car Garage Included Other facilities to be included in the building will be a lunch room for employes, a large photo-engrav- ing department, two photographic darkrooms, a machine and carpen- try shop, a shower and locker room and an eight-car garage. The new plant will be large enough to accommodate the op- erations of the newspaper for many years, but will be readily expand- ible should future circumstances make such a move desirable. Because of the location and the square feet of ground space available, there were no limita- tions on the size of the building due to location, permitting a complete one-floor operation and a near per- fect arrangement of departments and functions for straight-line pro- duction. As a functioning plant, the new building should be the best yet constructed far newspapers any- where near the size of The Repub- lican-Herald. Location on trackage and storage space in the building for all neces- sary newsprint inventories will pro- vide advantages few newspapers possess. Another almost unique ad- vantage is that there will always be ample parking space for custom- and employes. Lloyd Brooks of Pittsfield, Me., smiles happily as she hugs her 13th daughter, born to her in WaterviUe, Wednesday night at the Osteopathic Hospital. The newcomer arrived at p.m. and weighed 8 pounds 2 ounces. Looking at the happy mother and child is the father, Lloyd Brooks whose hopes for a son are dimming. The parents named the child Lorene Avis. (AP Wire- photo to Bepublican-Herald) very good appointment. The Presi dent made that remark in reply to a request to comment on a statement by Sen. McCarthy (R- Wis) that it was a serious mis- take for the administration to press for Senate approval of the nomination. 4. Said he is deeply interested in Latin American affairs and that it might be a good idea for him to make a brief trip there, but that on the other hand it might better be left to emissaries. 5 Declared he feels this nation cannot afford to reduce its combat strength, but that he does hope to get more national defense for less money by eliminating waste and duplication, 6. Said government staffs have been studying a proposal for au- thorization of big increases in military and civil defense, but that no conclusions have been reached. 7. Said he would not want to do anything unnecessarily provocative at the moment with respect to any move in the United Nations to brand Russia an aggressor in Korea. 8. Said he has not heard a word on whether Marshal Tito of Yugo- slavia is planning to visit the U. S. 9. Announced he has asked Lewis Douglas, former ambassador to Great Britain, to hea4 a group which will study such things as foreign trade, the raw material .situation, and world markets generally 10. Commended the Commerce Department for its estimate that its budget for the fiscal year start- ing July 1, will be cut about 15 per cent. The President said it is too much to hope that the over all picture will be that bright, but that each department is-going to make every effort to cut as deep possible. were 23 persons aboard the strategic reconnaissance craft scheduled to pass over the Gander area en route to Rapid City, S. D. The RB36 normally carries a crew of 21. At From Rapid City Rapid City, Deputy Wing Commander Col. Howard W. Moore said the plane was piloted by Capt. Jacob Pruett of Charleston, W. Va., a member of the 718th Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron, Moore was unable to give any further information concern- ing those aboard, however. The crash came in murky weath- er that grounded planes through- out Newfoundland and caused can- cellation of all passenger from Gander Airport. The site of the wreck indicated that the big reconnaissance craft was on course at the time, headed for Gander over the lake-dotted timber country. Lt. Robert Baltrano, public in- formation officer at Rapid City, said the one name of those aboard was being withheld'pending noti- fication of next of kin. Others, beside (Jen. Ellsworth were: Capt. Jacob H. Pruett Jr., Charlestown, W. pilot- Cant, Orlco F. Clark, Rapid City, 8. D. Capt Stuart O. Pauhl, Bessemer, Mich. Capt Harold O. Smith. Lyndhurst. N. J. Capt! William P. Maber, 'ist'u Edwin W. Header. Delawart, 1st Lt. James E. Pace, Tamps, Fla. John r. Murray, Milwaukee, Wli. 1st Lt. James A. Powell Jr., Weaver, 3. D. T-Sgt. Walter A. PlonskI, Bcranton, A-1C Burse J- Vaugh, Evuuvllle, IndL B-Btt. Robert E. Ullom, Springfield. O. A-SC Phillip Waneoi Jr., Richmond, A-SC Keith X. Hoppeni, Harvard. A-1C Theodore J. KuHk, West Oranre, N. J. T-Sgt. Jack H. Maltsberger. Lead. 8. D. Prank C. Wright, Eagle. Idaho. M-Sgt. Jack a. Wlnejardner, San Fran- clsco, 1st Lt. Clifford W. Branidor. Chicago. A-JIC Robert Han, HarrUburg, Mtts. JV-JC MorrU E. Koftn, cleiffJKJd, Utah.