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Winona Republican Herald Newspaper Archive: March 3, 1953 - Page 1

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   Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 3, 1953, Winona, Minnesota                              Rgin or Snow Tonight, Continued Mild Wednesday GIV1 VOLUME 53, NO. 12 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, MARCH 3, 1953 SIXTEEN PAOES ouncil Head Asks Charter T State Retail Sales ax Before Legislature Income, Personal Property Levies Would Be Affected ST. PAUL W! A sales 2 per cent on all ratail levels- was proposed in the Minnesota Legislature today as replacement for the state income tax and the 'personal property tax on household goods. Rep. Fred Pischel, LeCenter, Secretary Of Defense Charles E. Wiison, right, greeted Gen. james A. Van Fleet, former Eighth Army Commander, at Na- tional Airport in Washington today as the general arrived to give President Eisenhower and congressional committees his ideas about the stalemated Korean War. Gen. Omar Bradley, left, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, joined in the welcome. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) MacKinnon, Erickson Senate Hearings Set WASHINGTON The Senate Judiciary Committee Monday set hearings for March 10 on the nominations of George E. Mac- Kinnon, to be U. S. attorney for Minnesota, and Enard Erickson, to be marshal for Minnesota. TODAY Foreign Trade a Problem By JOSEPH AND STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON Eisenhow er administration wiE come to grips this weijk with the thorny problems of foreign economic pol- icy. The occasion will be the visit of the Bri'ish Foreign Secretary, Anthony Et en, and Chancellor of the Exchequer, R. A. Butler. On the eve of ttis meeting, the straws in the wind bewilderingly point in several con'.ary directions. To begin a. the beginning, Pres ident Eisenhower himself is, at heart a free-trader. To the ill-con- cealed horror of many leading Re- publicans, he has no sympathy for his party's traditional high tariff stand. But he must think of Con- gress. The most influential Congression- al chieftains, Sen. Robert A. Taft Ohio and Eugene Millikin of Col- m orado, are still convinced protec- tionists. They have reluctantly made up their minds to continuing the Trade Agreements Act, as re- quested in the President's message on the State of the Union. They may be willing to reform the anti- quated insanities of our customs regulations. For the rest, their viewpoint was well-expressed by Sen. Millikin, "We acy out has said, "and not by under-cut- ting our small businessmen in the home market." Van Fleet Gets Hero's Welcome In Washington James A. Van Fleet, former Eighth Army commander, arrived today to give President Eisenhower and Con- gressional committees his ideas about the stalemated Korean War. He was met at the airport by Secretary of Defense Charles E. Wilson, along with members of the diplomatic corps and representa- tives of the President and mem- bers of the United Nations. An honor guard! of several hun- dred troops of the three armed forces and a saluting battery wel- comed Van Fleet as he stepped from his plane. The 60-year-old gerieral, moving toward retirement March 31, brought with him an expressed con-1: viction that a United Nations offen- i ffl unlon- sive in Korea could "certainly" be I. A. 2 Per.cent. sales tax wlU not successful. He contends the stale- hurt the low wcome sroup mate is one of the U. N.'s choos- ing and not the enemy's. But he has remained silent on what his recommendations will be to Congress and to his World War II comrade-in-arms, President Ei- senhower, waiting at the White House to greet him. In advance of Van Fleet's ar- rival shortly before noon, two Democratic senators today quot- ed Gen. Omar N. Bradley as having said that under present conditions neither side can launch a successful offensive in Korea. They were Senators Gillette (la) and Humphrey 'No Chance' Gillette said in an interview that Bradley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, testified before the Senate Foreign Relations Commit- first term member who sponsored the bill, estimated it would bring in 75 million dollars a year at the present rate retail sales. Sales taxes have been proposed on a number of occasions, but none has received serious consideration for several sessions. A statement by Gov. Anderson that he is opposed to such a tax I has tended to dampen discussion at this session, but Pischel said he felt his bill was in line with the governor's campaign promise to abolish the household effects tax and give income tax said the LeCenter representative. He said he had received assur- ances of support from many other members of the Legislature and was certain his bill would receive consideration. Minority Leader Fred Cina of Aurora said today that liberals held a caucus Monday night and went on record as being "violently opposed to a proposed sales tax." "We'll fight any sales tax pro- posal, which is nothing more than an attempt by big business to be relieved of the personal property tax and substitute a sales tax so the burden will be shifted to the little Cina said. Bonus Pay Off The bill provides that money torn the sales tax should be used to pay the portion of income tax collections now pledged to pay off he bonus and to reimburse coun- ies for the money they would lose through repeal of the personal prop- erty tax on household goods. The balance of the money would ;o into the general revenue fund. Pischel pointed out there would >e enough to finance school aids now paid from income tax collec- tions, plus a considerable sum for other purposes. The income tax, all of it dedicated to school aids, n9 brings in about 58 million dollar; a year. "Many other states have sales said Pischel, "and they are not discarding them in favor if our hodge-podge system which anks Minnesota among the firs- 0 highest taxed per capita states State Senate Gets Income Tax Reduction Bill ST. PAUL An income tax reduction bill was introduced in the Minnesota Senate today. The measure provides for a cut of one-fourth of one per cent in the rates on incomes of individuals in all income brackets. Sen. Emmett Duemke, Minnea- polis, chief sponsor of the .bill, estimated the total savings to in- dividual income tax payers would amount to six million dollars a year. He said he feels income tax relief is long overdue. The reductions would amount to a year for those with incomes up to for those in the income bracket and range upward to on incomes over Duemke said greatest savings on a percentage basis would come in the lower income brackets. Army Spurns Rapid Firing Machine Gun HEIDELBERG, Germany {ft The U. S. Army in Washington ms brushed aside, on the ground bat the armed forces do not need a new light submachinegun which field tests in Europe have bowed 1. Fire 700 rounds a Imost twice as fast as the Army's resent standard model, the M3 2. Shoot farther and straighten 3. Weigh four half as much as the M3. 4. Cost approximately to manufacture on a mass production cale compared to for the M3, 5. Have a muzzle velocity of feet per second against 750 No New Action Seen in U.N. on Korean Problem Forecast Based On Uncompromising U.S., Russ Stand By OSGOOD CARUTHERS UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. World diplomats today ruled out chances for any new action on Korea in the current U. N, session after hearing the uncompromising stands pronounced by both the Soviet Union and the United States. Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Y. Vishinsky fired a broadside at the new Republican administration in the U. S. yesterday. He told the General Assembly's Political Com- mittee once again that the only way to stop the fighting in Korea was to accept his own formula for formula already rejected by an overwhelming majority in the U. N. Aside from Vishinsky's blasts at the Eisenhower administration, which he accused of Merely "bor- rowing from the Truman-Acheson weary delegates found noth- ing new in the Russian's speech, for which they had waited tensely after suspending three consecutive meetings. .This adamant stand announcement earlier and the by Chief Firt That Raged Uncontrolled for nearly an hour destroyed this four-story wooden business block in downtown. district of Old Town, Me., Monday. Several explosions punctured the blaze and the intense heat could be felt 300 feet away. Loss was es- timated unofficially at (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) should finance our diplom-1 tee in a recent closed-door session it of the senator that there is "no chance" for a At the State Department, where the free traders formerly raEied their forlorn hopes, Secretary John Foster Dulles appears to want his Treasury Department colleague, Secretary George M. Humphrey, to take the lead on this issue. At the Commerce Department, Secre- tary Sinclair Weeks expounds a moderate protectionism, "just, to enforce fair Finally, at the crucial Treasury, the position is particularly interest- ing. The Treasury's able economic expert, Dr. Randolph Burgess, has always been a moderate free trader in the past. The Under Sec- retary, Marion Folsom, is a lead- ing spirit of the Committee for Economic Development; and the CED has just come out for gradual but relatively complete abandon- ment of protection, in a brilliant study of Britain's economic diffi- culties. Both Folsom antf Burgess are probably, at this very moment, studying the wide difference be- tween economic theory and politi- cal practice. Meanwhile then- chief. Secretary Humphrey, one of the strongest men to come to Wash- ington in years, genuinely appears (Continued on 1, Column 1.) ALSOPS successful U. N. offensive in Korea at this point. In a separate interview, Hum- phrey agreed Bradley had said this and had added that the buildup necessary for such an offensive would be costly in manpower and materials. "The general said that launch- ing an offensive would necessitate the diversion of materials and manpower from other areas of the Humphrey said. "He said an offensive would cost more in manpower, with greater casualties and greater consumption of goods and iaaterials than are now pro- grammed." Plans called for Van Fleet to be whisked from National Airport to the White House for a 30-minute talk with the President's office.'Then was to income group any more than it will hurt the upper income group." He said that "the little man every one seems worried about" would pay only to a year if he spent to "The sales tax is a flat and final tax on household he continued, "not a perpetual an nual personal property tax." He declared that a sales tax would cost only half as much to administer as the income tax. "The sales tax is the fairest and least painful method of paying one of life's sure he said, "Millions of residents of other states, including three of our next door neighbors, North Dakota, South Dakota and Iowa, are using the sales tax system. "The sales tax will eliminate two bad taxes and promote simplicity. Most people agree that a sales tax is inevitable for Minnesota. Why Bill Received "Minnesota is headed into a sales Rep. Roy Dunn, Pelican Rap- ids, told a group of visitors to the Legislature Monday. Dunn, House majority leader, said "We will see the time in the near future when every state will have a sales tax." The House Monday received a to 800 f.p.s. for the M3. The new.gun, which fires ,45-cal- iber cartridges, or can be con- verted to use the standard 9-mm. European cartridge, was devel- oped by Warrant Officer Loren C. Cook, stationed at Coleman Bar- racks near here. He is a machine- tool specialist assigned to the 7849th Ordnance Stock Control Cen- ter. After field tests in Germany, a description of Cook's gum was sent to the chief of ordnance in Wash- j ington with a recommendation that "the weapon is of extremely simple and of rugged construction, easily adaptable to inexpensive mass pro- duction fabrication." The gun was especially designed for tank crewmen, paratroopers and military police. Tests have shown it can be stripped down, in U. S. Delegate John Cabot Lodge Jr. that the U.. N. Allies would not budge from their demands for an "honorable settlement" in Ko- a continuing dead- lock on the question during the rest of this seventh Assembly ses- sion. No delegate has shown any in- tention of introducing any new pro. posal for ending the deadlock. Vishinsky hinted he may rein- troduce as a -fresh resolution his old the first half of this Assembly session last for an immediate cease-fire and an international conference on the question of pris- oners of war, reunification of Ko- rea and other Far Eastern prob- lems. No delegates asked to speak this morning, and Committee President Joao Carlos Muniz put off resump- tion of the debate until afternoon. In his sweeping attack on the U. S. administration's foreign pol- icies, Vishinsky slapped back with the charge that the and not the Russians as Lodge hac to prolong and expand the war in the Far East and were planning to use Asians as "cannon fodder." The Russian's speech was his the field and without tools, in seven seconds compared to five minutes for the standard M3. la reply, the chief of ordnance's office wrote- "There is at the present time EO U. S. user -requirement for a new weapon of the machine pistol, submachinegun or carbine class, "This situation has existed over ft period of some years, and it is believed unlikely that the using arms will give serious considera- tion to the adoption of the type proposed by Warrant Officer Cook." promised reply to a 10-point indict ment in which Lodge last week accused Russia of supplying arma- ments to the Chinese Reds and North Koreans. Lodge said the Russians could end the war in Korea any time they wanted to. Vishinsky repeated old charges that the South Koreans, at Amer- ica's behest started the war and that the Americans and their allies had rejected every effort by the Soviet Union to bring about an immediate cease-fire because that would end the profits of the "American AFL Asks Repeal Of T-H Provisions By NORMAN WALKER WASHINGTON of practically all major provisions of the Taft-Hartley labor law was urged on Congress today by the American Federation of Labor. A 15-page statement prepared by AFL President George Meany for House Labor Committee hearings closely paralleled recommenda- tions made public recently by the CIO. The effect of the proposals would be to return the basic labw aw largely to the framework of he Wagner Act, which the Taft- Hartley Act modified in 1947. Death of 2 Stirs Council to Demand R.R. Safety Study The death of two little-boys-on--the Milwaukee .Road witMn a month has stirred the City Council to put its traffic control and safety committee to work. The committee is headed by Alderman-at-Large James Stoltman, who is about to be discharged from Winona General Hospital after undergoing an operation there a week ago for a perforated ulcer. Other members are Fourth Ward' Alderman Joseph Karsina, Second Ward Alderman Henry Parks and First Ward Alderman R, K. Ellings. Introducing the discussion was Second Ward Alderman William S. L. Christensen, who commented that he had received "quite a few calls" following the. death of a 6- year-old boy in a train-car collision Friday. He suggested a study by the i Automobile Club Safety Council of Winona. Would Close Some Crossings In the opinion of Council Presi- dent William P. Theurer there is only one practical solution: Closing of some sf the more than 30 cross- ings and automatic signal protec- tion at the crossings which are not closed. He suggested that the city pro- pose closing of some of the cross- La Crosse Jury Set for Trial Of Two 61's LA CROSSE men and six women were picked Monday for the Circuit Court jury that will try two soldiers. charged with third- degree murder in the death of a National Guardsman from Nebras- ka. Pvt. Wayne Kamp, 21, Postville, la., and Pvt. Thomas Reilly, 19, De- ings to the Milwaukee Road in re- j troit, have pleaded innocent in the turn for additional signal protec follow a whirl of lunches, dinners, and meetings with members of Congress. bill providing that all state metal Meany quoted President Eisen- iower as advocating "a law that Reports have been circulating! that Van Fleet can be expected to talk frankly to members of Con- gress in' secret sessions'while giv- ing his views on the Korean War. He is known to be bitterly dis- appointed that the Korean truce alks resulted in a virtual cease- 'ire at a time when he felt he had he Communists on the rim, and hat he had to leave Korea before a victory was achieved. signs be manufactured in the St, Cloud Reformatory. This would include highway signs. The House passed a bill permit- ting persons in the income bracket to use the short form with the 10 per cent standard deductions from adjusted gross in- come. Only persons earning up to are now permitted use of the short form. The bill now goes to the Senate for consideration. Swine Ban Extended WASHINGTON Agricul- ture Department Monday extended federal quarantine regulations for vesicular exanthema, a swine dis- ease, to 10 counties in nine states. The regulations restrict the movement of hogs and pork pro- ducts from infected areas. The new regulations include eight town- ships in Walworth County in Wis- consin. merits the respect and support oi labor and management." Reps Restrictions "The Taft-Hartley Act, now on the books, does not merit or en- joy the respect of American trade that's putting it mild- the union official said, declar- ing it has placed "intolerable re- strictions upon the exercise of ba- sic rights and freedoms by trade unions and their members." "As a result, this law that pur- ports to promote labor-manage- ment peace has served in many instances to instigate and prolong he said. Declaring there should be min- imum government regulation of employer employe relations, Meany recommended repeal of the 30-day emergency strike injunc- tion provisions of the present law. [nstead, he said, the government settle the big strikes. He also suggested voluntary ar- bitration, or the willing submission tion. First Ward Aldermen William F Holden and R. K. Ellings had an other solution. Both said that if th train had whistled, the boy wh died last week would still be alive They indicated that they believ !he driver's attention would hav been attracted to the train earliej by sight alone. This reference recalled a rathe bitter fight in the Council about a year ago. With Alderman Park opposing, the Council voted to re quire Milwaukee trains to blow their whistles around-the-clock. When there was a storm of pro est from near-residents of thi racks, the whistle blowing was re luced to daylight hours. When the protests continued, the Council vot ed out all whistle blowing, 5-4. Since Jan. 1, 1950, at least eight persons have been killed crossing the Milwaukee tracks. Ellings suggested renewal of a of issues to a third neutral party! study to move the tracks, perhaps for a recommended-solution. Meany recommended again le- galizing the closed shop. He urged eliminating present baas on sec- ondary boycotts and elimination of provisions permitting employers to bring damage suits against labor unions. He said the present non-Coamu- nist affidavit requirement should be eliminated altogether, with strengthening of facilities of the Justice Department to nab Com- munists, He urged eliminating present Taft-Hartley rules governing the union health and welfare plans and ie law's requirement that notice must be served before a union may seek to terminate or modify a col- lective bargaining agreement. He also asked that a ban on 'featberbedding" or "make work" >e dropped from the law. In this regard, he said he was convinced Congress would approve of "vir- tually all such practices" if it took should rely on mediation and con- a clote look at them. (Continued on Page 13, Column 8.] DEATH OF 2 WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Rain or snow tonight. Wednesday cloudy, continued mild. Low tonight 25, high Wednesday 28 to 30. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 32; minimum, 20; noon, 32; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 31 at a.m. to-, day, min. 24 at p.m. Monday. Noon readings overcast at feet, visibility 15 miles, wind 7 miles per hour from west, north- west, humidity 90 per cent, baro- meter 29.83 falling. fatal beatin last Aug 12 of Corp Frank 42, Seward, Neb. Their joint trial was to begin today before Judge Lincoln Neprud. The state charges that Walla was fatally beaten when a party of four soldiers from Camp McCoy, Wis., and two local girls tried to obtain money from him. All six were charged with third degrse murder. The other two soldiers have been sentenced while the two teen-aged La Crosse girls have pleaded innocent and innocent by reason of insanity. Supreme Court Orders Trial for La Crosse Grocer MADISON The Wisconsin Supreme Court held today that the state pharmacy law that regulates the sale of drugs is constitutional. It reversed a decision of Circuit udge Bruce F. Beilfuss who had leld the law unconstitutional and iismissed a complaint against Frank Wakeen, La Crosse grocer, who was charged with unlawful ale of drugs. The Supreme Court ordered the omplaint against Wakeen reinstat- ed and that he face trial. Judge Beilfuss had ruled thlt it an unconstitutional delegation I power by the Legislature to. per- mit compilers of the U. S. Pharma- opoeia (USP) to set up stand- irds for the Wisconsin pharmacy law. In its decision, the Supreme ourt held that the Legislature had uch power because the USP were recognized by Con- gress and all 48 states. District Court Would Be Urged To Name Group City Attorney Will Report on Procedure March 16 The City Council may pe- tition the District Court to appoint a new charter com- mission. At least that is the propo- sal of Council President Wil- liam P. Theurer, and he found receptive ears at Mon- day night's Council meeting at City Hall. Two aldermen were ab- sent: Second Ward Alder- man Henry V. Parks, absent because of the illness of his wife, and Alderman at Large James Stoltnan, ill at General Hospital. The Council, after discussing the president's proposal briefly, asked City Attorney Harold Streater to make a report on March 16. President Theurer indicated tbat he is concerned about the transfer cf authority, from the people to the Minnesota Legislature, a ref- erence to the many passed by .local bodies to pass legislation which is of purely local concern. "It's taking the authority away from people and putting it in hands of about two per cent of the legislators (the Winona city because generally the other legislators go along with what our legislators he said. "Now it's true-that we have good representation at the present time. They keep us informed, but may- be it won't always.be that way And don't forget, we of the Coun- cil don't always necessarily "repre- sent -the majority in the tie continued. "We should petition the District Court to appoint a charter com- mission." He didn't use the words "home but indicated that such a charter might be an ob- jective to replace the present legislative-type charter. "You can't amend the present legislative he said. "And some of the acts we're always having passed, may be unconsti- tutional. We can only have special acts passed, and they're uncon- stitutional" (Special legislation for Wi- nona is always passed under the guise of general legislation. For instance, the till now be- fore the Legislature proposing increasing the mill levy limit for the general fund from 30 to SO mills, says, "Be it enacted each city (in the state whkh now has or hereafter may have and .not more -than inhabitants) of the second class not .operating un- der a home rule charter it hereby authorized and. empow- ered First Ward Alderman William F. Holden, vice president of the Coun- cil, declared, "I think if we can, we should initiate the action" to have i charter commission appoint- ed. Mayor Loyde E. Pfeiffer wanted to know: "'How do we get rid of home rule charter if we ever would want Replied President Theurer, "Well, I don't hear any of the cities who have one complaining about theirs." No Action Teken The president first proposed that a new commission be appointed about three years ago in an ac- ceptance talk on being elected to a term as Council president. Since then, however, no action has been taken. There have been two charter commissions in the history. The most recent brought a'negative report in Octo- ber, 1941. Some years later there wag dis- cussion that it was improper for the commission to return such a report, that its responsibility wan to draft a new charter. That commission was appointed- by the District Court after the then mayor, Floyd R. Simon-petitioned the judges "for the appointment of a home rule charter board to draft a new charter and home rule form of government for Winona, setting forth the.need of such a-board and -Y Named were: Simon. Robert J. Tearse, Eugene E: France, xd- win A. W. Sawyer, Dr. A. H. Maze, 3. M. George, John Zywicki, Mrs. George' R. Little.' S. D. J." Bruriri, William P. Brown Mrs. O. M. Botsford, 'Oscar Pou, Ben F. Gumey and   

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