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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 24, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Partly Cloudy, Snow Wednesday; Temperature Same Dial 3322 To Place Your Want Ad VOLUME 53, NO. 6 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 24, 7953 SIXTEEN PAOIS La Follette Found Shot to Death Jeff Slocum, one of three brothers operating a cattle ranch in Cresson, Tex., feeds a bunch of cattle. Slocum, like many other cattlemen who are taking a beating because of the recent drop in the price of beef, has no kick about the new administration's policy in attempting to bring stability to the giant cattle industry. Said the lanky Texan: "The way I figure, the government should let this thing adjust itself. 'I'll stay with Benson on his farm program. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) INSIST IKE RIGHT Cattlemen Taking Beating on Prices By DON WHITEHEAD (Editor's note: A drop in cattle prices has been a major factor in a gneral farm price decline which has touched off political reverberations in the Eisenhower administration. Associated Press writer Don has been assigned to survey the meat indus- from growers to packers, to find out what it thinks of the situa- tion. Whitehead, a Pulitzer Prize winner, the route he followed 19 months ago when high beef prices were prompting loud complaints from consumers, this is the first of several stories.) FT. WORTH, Tex, ist The nation's cattlemen are taking a price beating today but their leaders here insist the Eisenhower administration is on the right track to bring stability to the giant cat- tle industry. The story they tell you is this: Despite heavy price drops in cat- TODAY Ike Faces Row With McCarthy By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP tie, there is greater confidence in the industry since President Eisen- hower's inauguration. Cattle prices have skidded dras- tically in the past two years from peaks which brought fat profits to almost everybody in the business. Prices continued to fall after Ei- senhower took office. This has j touched off a furor in Washington among politicos with an eye on the 1954 elections. Some cattlemen are disgruntled. Some are critical of the GOP farm policies and fearful of the future. They would like to have the security of government price props under their they WASHINGTON A reckoning have never had. But it's safe to with Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy? of J say these stockmen represent a Wisconsin is very likely to be the i minority. next stage in the Eisenhower ad- ministration's shakedown into an Von Rundstedt, Brilliant German General, Dead effective working team. This fascinating and impressive shake-down process has one main recognition of the unpalatable truth that hard facts are not magically altered by na- tional elections. Budget facts, tax facts, defense facts and foreign re- lation facts have remained very much as ever, and are having to be dealt with by Eisenhower as by Truman. McCarthyism, as the Administration leaders, are realiz- ing, is another unchanged fact that has to be dealt with. The truth of the matter is that McCarthy and certain of his Con- gressional imitators apparent- ly think the Eisenhower adminis- tration is just as fair game as its predecessor. And since the election has given McCarthy and the other like-minded Republicans control of their investigating committees; Probably Good Thing Most prominent cattlemen take the view that the price shakedown probably is a good thing over the long haul for themselves and the nation. They want no part of gov- ernment price supports, subsidies or controls. Again and again in this country you hear cattlemen and others say something like this: "Naturally we don't like to take these losses. It hurts. But a price adjustment had to come. If Wash- ington will just leave us alone, we'll work it out ourselves." Down this way, stockmen gen- erally voice considerably more faith and confidence in the Eisen- hower farm policy than you hear in Congress. They are gleeful over the dropping of price controls on beef. They approve the attitude taken by Secretary of Agriculture Benson, who has said farmers in the future are going to have to HANNOVER, Germany Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt, 77, died at his home here today. The brilliant Prussian officer, who was regarded as Germany's best military leader, had been ail- ing for some time. His housekeeper said he had succumbed to "general weakness." In World War I the arrogant, lard-featured Prussian was chief of staff of an army corps, serving under Crown Prince Wilhelm. After the Armistice he joined the army and helped to mild the secret, reichswehr with the motto "Junkers above all." He was the last survivor of the for- midable clique of "The Generals' wielded the real power afte 's World War I defea rise of Adolf Hitler. At the beginning of World War II he came out of retirement to return to his command and out Wiley Urges. Consultation With Allies Asks Congress fo" Act Deliberately on Russian Resolution By JACK BELL WASHINGTON W) Sen, Wiley (R-Wis) today urged consultation with U. S.. allies before Congress j said, acts on a resolution to denounce Russia for abusing wartime pacts to enslave other peoples, Amid fresh demands for an all- out investigation or once-secret World War II agreements, Wiley Bill Would Allow Tax Deduction for Working Mothers ST. PAUL bill to permit mothers who are compelled to work to deduct expenses incurred for care of their children in com- puting their income taxes was approved today by the Minnesota House Tax Committee. Mrs. Sally Luther, Minneapolis, sponsor of the bill, said its pur- pose is to "right a wrong." "It's costly for women who must work because of financial need to have their children cared for, and they should be permitted de- ductions of expenses in their in- come tax Mrs. Luther Clark Denies Germ Warfare Used in Korea By SAM SUMMERLIN TOKYO Mark Clark to- day blasted Communist propa- gandists for.their "fantastic and utterly false charges" about U. N. germ warfare and angrily accused the Reds of extorting "confes- Britain, France and other allies jsion.s" from captured Americans. called the Senate Foreign Rela- tions Committee together to dis- cuss the draft of a resolution sub- mitted by President Eisenhower. This resolution would have Con- gress join with the President in denouncing interpretations of inter- national agreements "which have been perverted to bring about the subjugation of free peoples." Wiley himself has" urged "strengthening" of the language but he told interviewers he does not think this should be done until they are not subject to any re- depend more on' themselves than straint whatever Eyes on State Dept. McCarthy's immediate target, of course, is the State Department and its allied agencies, such as the Voice of America. With regard to1 the department itself, the tactic adopted by McCarthy is to invite every malcontent in the organiza- tion (which numbers some people) to tell his or her story. Thus far there have been two of these tellers of tales out of school, a file clerk, Mrs. Balog, and a security officer, John E, Matson. Their stories have added up to the fact that the State Department fil- ing and security system wants re- organization and tightening. Reform of the State Department, on government subsidies. Two years ago cattle were sell- ing for for 100 pounds (more for top-grade beef Now the price is off around or more a hundred. Von Rundstedt flanked the heroically resisting Poles after the Germans had failed in using mass frontal attacks. He was appointed eastern commander in chief in the Polish campaign, decorated with the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and raised two grades from lieutenant general to colonel general. A Skilled Strategist Von Rundstedt exploded the 1939- 40 "phoney war" by executing the great breakthrough at Sedan, stab- bing the vital organ of the French price ceilings and even ordered rollbacks in the prices of beef cattle. Some cattlemen said then it would take from three to five to catch up and restoration of public confi- wlth the demand. denee in the department and its j But production has outstripped In the summer of 1951, the high j defensive and winning promotion price of beef was causing cries I to field marshal. And he directe of anguish from consumers having one of the most flawless operation a hard time finding a good steak o.: the entire war the lightnin in the butcher shop. The supply I drive through the Ukraine in th just couldn't meet the demand. Step Up Production The government had slapped on are consulted about the effect of any resolution suggesting repudia- tion by the U. S. of the under- standings reached at Yalta and other conferences. Full Study Urged Sen. Ferguson (R-Mich) said he thinks the foreign relations group should. make "a full-dress investi- gation" of the origin, of the agree- ments, calling any officials left in the State Department who partici- pated in their making, "It is not enough simply to re- ject Russia's interpretation of the he declared. Ferguson's view was similar to that of many Republicans who for years have called for repudiation of the Teheran and Yalta agree- ments. They contend the agree- ments permitted Russia to Commu- The U. N. Far East commander said in a statement the Reds ap- parently have revived germ war- fare charges to hide their failure to cope with expected new epi- demics in war-ravaged North Ko- rea. The blistering denunciation was inspired by-renewed germ charges by Red China's official Pei.piag radio. Sunday the radio sparked its news propaganda drive with an alleged word confession by a captured Marine pilot. The flier, Col. Frank H. Schwable of Arling- ton, Va., was quoted as saying the U. S. Joint Chiefs of Staff had ordered a "contamination belt" strewn across Red Korea. Allied officials usually ignore such broadcasts. But. declared Clark: That's Not A New Type of midget aircraft or guided missile that A. 1C. Clarence Detro of Shreveport, La., is manning. He's inspecting a wing-tip heating unit on a C-124 Globemaster of the 374th Troop Carrier in Japan. The heater keeps ice from forming on the wings of the big aircraft as it soars through the air, some- times at altitudes of feet. (AP Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald) nize a great part of Europe and j "Lest. silence regarding it be gam a strong foothold in Asia. misinterpreted in any way, I feel under compulsion to denounce the word-warring Peiping radio's latest attempt to revive the totally base- less and totally- discredited allega- tions that the United Nations Com- officers, are of course among Sec- retary of State John Foster- Dulles' chief objectives. There is no doubt that the reform will have to ex- tend to the filing and security sys- tems. But orderly reform cannot be carried out, and public confidence certainly cannot be restored, while every discontented clerk is encour- aged to blacken the State Depart- ment's name under the full glare of national publicity. Sec. Dulles cannot do his extremely necessary job under a drumfire of attacks by McCarthy and other like-mind- ed makers. Voice of America The case of the Voice of America is, if anything, even more acute. This wretched organization was or- (Continued on Page 5, Column S.) ALSOPS Countess in Korea SEOUL Countess of Lim- erick, vice chairman of the British Red Cross, arrived by plane today for a tour of United Nations hos- pitals. expectations. Today there is a record number of cattle on the range and in feeder lots. The last Department of Agriculture report showed a cattle population of on Jan. 1, 1953. This is an increase of more than five mil- lion head over the same period last year and a rise of above 1951. But the farm value per head on Jan. 1 was only compared to S179 on the same date a year ago. However, it was better than the average value from 1942 to 1951. The high-profit period for cattle- men has been wiped out. Some of the losses involved were paper losses. But in mrmy cases there has been a real financial squeeze on those who don't have the cash or the credit to tide them over the rough spot. The heavy flow of cattle to market, depressing prices, result- ed from heavy production plus a drought and 'the high cost of feed in relation to cattle prices. The combination has forced growers and feeders to unload their cattle even at unfavorable prices. summer of 1941. Then late in 1944, with the AI lies invading Germany, he execul ed a great winter offensive durin which his panzers rampaged miles through the American line; before they were stopped just.thre miles short of their Meuse River goal It was by that narrow mar gin that the American armies es caped being cut in half, Voice of America Official Suspended WASHINGTON _ The State Department today suspended the chief of its Voice of America broad- casting division. It said he dis- regarded an order forbidding use of material from Communist and fellow traveler writers. The official was Alfred H, Mor- ton, chief of the, Internation- al Broadcasting Service, at New York. Assistant Secretary of State Carl McCardle said Morton sent a mem- orandum to other Voice officials expressing disagreement with the order against using materials from Communist sources. This order was issued Feb. 19 after a Senate inquiry developed the Voice had a policy of permitting quotation, under some circumstances, from such writers as novelist Howard Fait. Most Democrats contend the fault lies not with the original agree- ments, but with Russia's failure to live up to them. Eisenhower first spoke of reject- ing secret agreements. Later he spoke of parts of agreements. But he resolution which he submitted :o Congress would repudiate noth- ng except what it calls Russia's perversion of the agreements. Democratic Senate Leader Lyn- don B. Johnson of Texas, in a statement last night, called for unanimous Senate approval of the draft action he said would "serve to notify mankind hat Americans are united against Soviet tyranny." Sen. Mansfield (D-Mont) said he, oo, favors passage of the resolu- ion as recommended by the White House. Rep. Vorys (R-Ohio) told the louse yesterday in introducing a raft resolution following the lines ecommended by' the President that the secret agreements "can- not now be .repealed by Congress." "What is needed now is to look to the Vorys said. "Neith- er Congress nor the President is going to repudiate any govern- mental commitments now in force. Certainly we have no- commit- Aiken Warns Farm Price Support Plan Must Prove Worth By JOE HALL Aiken (R-Vt) of the Senate Agri- culture Committee said today the public will demand an end of farm price support programs unless they are sound and realistic. "If we're going to continue a price support program in this it's got to be a sound Aiken told an inter- viewer. "Otherwise the country will rise up against it as it did the potato support program." Aiken said also that he hoped the new Republican administration in the Agriculture Department would "start with a clean slate" and get rid of ideas criticized as mand has engaged in so-called "unrealistic" at a session of his ments based on. repudiation agreements by the Soviets." of germ warfare. "Instead of the meaningless jar- gon of pseudo-scientists; it now introduces incredible statements linked with the names of captured American personnel." By ps'eudo-scientists, Clark ap- parently was referring to a group of laymen from Soviet satellite states who visited North Korea last year. The propaganda broad- casts reported the groups findings confirmed the Communist charges. Their methods of "research" and their findings were ridiculed by non-Communist scientists. committee yesterday. John H. Davis, president of the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) and one of two top Agri- culture Department officials who testified, said the new officials were trying to begin with a clean slate. One of their first moves, he said, was to ask the General Accounting Office for a complete audit of'all stocks of commodities held by the CCC, including a physical check of grain and other items to deter- mine quantities and condition. The CCC buys grain and fiber Regarding the alleged American lne duys Sram and aber Clark declared I as a Part of the Price support "whether the statements ever [Program, passed the lips of these un- i Davis and an associate, Howard fortunate men is doubtful. "If they did, however, too fa'm iliar are the mind annihilating methods of the Communists in ex torting whatever words they want for there to be any mystery as to how they were fabricated. "The men themselves are not to blame and they have my deepesl sympathy for having been used in this abominable way." j K. Gordon, head of the Production and Marketing Administration also got this advice from the senators yesterday: 1. Cut down on the high pro duction goals set in recent year by former Secretary Charles F Brannan. Several senators sai they have contributed to surpluse which depress prices and als No Felony Ruled In Snow Plow, Train Collision ORANGE CITY, la. coro- ner's jury ruled Monday after an inquest into the collision of a Chicago and North Western pas- senger traia and a snow plow near Sheldon that "no felony" had been committed against engineer Ed Hill of St. James, Minn., who was Pistol Found At Side in Capital Home Ex-Senator Reported Despondent Over Heart Illness WASHINGTON UPl Former Sen. Robert M. La Follette Jr. of Wisconsin was found shot to 'death today in, his home here, a pistol at his side. He was 58. W. R. Voight, a former congres- sional aide and business associate of.La Follette, told reporters Mrs. La Follette found the ex-senator'i body in a bathroom. Voight said La Follette may have been despondent over a heart illness. La Follette suffered a heart attack two or three years ago and was confined to a hospital for several months. La Follette served in the Senate from 1925 until 1946 when he was defeated in the Republican pri- mary by the present Sen, Joseph R. McCarthy. Since leaving Congress, La Fol- lette has maintained an office here and acted as a consultant to var- ious organizations. He was: chair- man of the board of u rad o sta- tion at Milwaukee and was on the board of Sears Roebuck Co. and United Fruit Co. Voight also is associated with Sears Roebuck. Voight said La Follette went to his office this morning but left a- round noon. Some time later, Voight said, Mrs. La Follette, who was attending a luncheon, received a telephone call from her husband asking her to come home. When MM. La Follette arrived at the home, Voight said, she found the Senator dead. Raiders Fight 5-Hour Battle To U.N. Lines By STAN CARTER .SEOUL tf) tank and infantry raiders, trapped and vir- tually surrounded by a Chinese Red ambush, blasted their way back to U. N. lines on the Korean Western Front early today after a five-hour fight. The confused, thundered until heavy fighting shortly before Dr. Joseph W. Weinberg, left, the "Scientist X" in a congres- sional investigation of atomic spying, posed with his wife and his attorney, Joseph A. Fanelli, today as he awaited'the start of his trial on perjury charges in Federal District Court in Washington. The charges are based on Weinberg's sworn denial before the House Un-American Activities Committee that he ever was a Communist. (AP Wirepboto to The Republican-Herald) present serious problems to th' CCC. 2. Push vigorously to try to ge rid of the CCC stocks, by using barter plans with foreign countrie and any other feasible schemes Gordon said Secretary Benson already has asked cotton growers to hold their 1953 production to 12 million bales, a million less than the goal set last year by Erannan As to the second point, Davis said the department was taking on i new consultant, effective today, ;o try to develop programs which will dispose of the CCC stocks, either domestically or in export. He is Francis R. Wilcox of Los Angeles, who has been assistant general manager of Sunkist Grow- ers in California. Gordon assured the senators the new department officials plan to wipe out entirely some price support programs. He mentioned specifically those for cover crop seeds such as blue lupine. S. Korean Warns U.S. of Russians WASHINGTON Russia de- cides on all-out war, "she is go- ing to jump right on the United says South' Korean For- eign Minister Y. T. Pyun. killed in the wreck. But the jury added that the collision was "due to the negligence of the Chicago and North Western Railroad" in permitting the snow plow to operate north of Alton, la., at a time when the train was approaching from the north with orders showing a clear track to Lemars, la. The southbound diesel passenger train crashed into the snowplow Saturday night two miles south of Sheldon. Twelve persons were in- jured seriously enough to require hospitalization. The snow plow, pushed by a steam locomotive, was returning to St. James after removing snow from the North Western's single track in the Alton area. Alton is about 41 miles north of Sioux City in the northwest part of the state, where one of the most severe blizzards in, recent years brought up to 10 inches of snow Thursday night and Friday. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy to cloudy tonight and Wed- nesday, Snow Wednesday after- noon. Not much change in tem- >e'rature. Low tonight 24, high Wednesday 35. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 47; minimum, 12; :oon, 32; precipitation, none; sun ets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 42 at p. m. Monday, min. 27 at a. m. to- ay. Noon over- cast ceiling at 600 feet, visibility 3 miles with fog, barometer 30.18 steady, wind 14 miles per hour dawn. The U. S. Eighth Army reported the Allied raiding team killed an'estimated 60 Communists and wounded at least 40, more than half of the Red force. The Eighth Army said the fight, which began southeast of Panmun- jom, was the most savage of sev- eral skirmishes that crackled along the freezing, 155-mile battle front. Night-flying Allied bombers hammered new aerial blows against Communist targets before dawn. Shoe Box Yields Worth Of Stolen Jewels LOS ANGELES shoe box in a vacant lot has yielded up worth of jewels taken in recent robberies from ex-actress Arline Judge and a La Jolla hotel. Deputy Police Cnief Thad Brown said a tip led detectives to the gems, which had been removed', from their settings. Most of the jewels came from the safe of the Casa de Manana Hotel, La Fe. 19, Brown said. About worth belonged to Miss Judge. Harry Meyerhoff, 19, and bis 15- year-old wife Claudetta are held here on suspicion 'of the Jan. 22 robbery of Miss Judge. A San Diego complaint is expect-1 ed today charging the hotel robbery to Walter Basile, 24, La Jolla; Ed- die Vaughan, 19, St Louis; and' Don Holccmb, 17, arrested here and removed to San Diego last weekend. Regarding the find, Deputy Chief Brown said only, "A member of the gang tipped us off to'be at the lot "at a certain time." San Diego officers say a sixth number from wett, humidity per cut of jing u it
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