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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 17, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight Wednesday Cloudy and Warmer Brotherhood Week Feb. 15-22; Make it Live VOLUME 52, NO. 308 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 17, T953 SIXTEEN PAGES Cut in Tax Should Wait, Ike Says Plan to Revive Teen-Age Interest In Aviation Advanced by Conrad Plane Rebuilding Project Would Be Tested Here A plan to rejuvenate air-mind edness in the United States, espe cially among the nation's youth may be given an experimental tes in Winona during the next few months under the guidance of Max Conrad, veteran Winona pilo and intercontinental flyer who has achieved a national reputation for his exploits with small aircraft. Details were explained at meeting of civic leaders, aviation enthusiasts, educators and the di rector of the city's recreation pro- gram at the Arlington Club Mon- day afternoon, called by the avia- tion committee of the Winona As- sociation of Commerce. Significance of the plan, as ex- plained by Conrad who has just returned from Washington: If the "Winona experi- ment" is successful, it may mean the beginning of a na- tion-wide program to stimu- late interest among teen-agers in aviation. The project will be watch- ed with interest by civilian and military aviation authorities as well as by magazine writers, press associations and radio and television networks. Airplane manufacturers have indicated that if the test proposed here works out, a new type of kit for- an entirely different pilot and mechanic training program may be pro- duced in quantity with tha backing of the federal govern- ment. Nation-wide publicity for Winona. Co-operation of the Winona City Council, board of directors of the Association of Commerce, the city's Park-Recreation Board and the Board of Education will be sought- A critical shortage of pilots, great concern to the Civil Aero nautics Administration and mih tary authorities, prompted the ide for the plan, Conrad explained. H outlined the project as follows: Conrad will provide a kit madi up of all parts of a flyable air plane, the plane to be completely reassembled by a group of abou 30 teen-agers over a 13-week per iod in a building or clubhouse tc be provided at the Winona Muni cipal Airport. Airplane to be used in the experi ment will be that with the glamor ous background used by him in thi 1940 Armistice Day storm rescue work in the Upper Mississippi Riv er bottomlands near Winona. U.S. May Step Up Arms Aid To Indochina Administration Will Hear French Premier By JOHN SCALI WASHINGTON UPI United States may step up military ship- ments to Indochina as part of President Eisenhower's new stra- tegy to try to defeat Communist aggression in the Far East. No final decision has been made yet. But top administration lead-1 built there. Fourteen are supposed ers are reported ready to listen ito be on the elevation. There's no sympathetically to French Premier j trouble up there. Rene Mayer. They expect him to i "But down below, make such a request next month during a White House visit. In advance of Mayer's visit, Housing Project Excavating Haltec Inspectors Check Reported Unfavorable Soil Conditions By ADOLPH BREMER City. Editor, Republican-Herald Excavation for the 160-unit Winona Housing Re development Authority has been halted while inspector check what appear to be unfavorable soil conditions in a portion of the site. The excavation has been stopped for more than week, but authority officials refused to acknowledge tha fact until today when they were told that the mayor anc aldermen had discussed rumors at Monday night's Coun cil meeting. Mayor Loyde E. Pfeiffer told the Council, "They'v. got a hole out there. Twenty buildings are supposed to be the housing inspector thinks it's too soft. Some places they have to bore 25 to 30 feet before they hit Hard pan. They Cabinet-level planners are report- i find that they may have to drive President Eisenhower was genial and at ease today during his first press conference since he became President. At the desk in the old State Dept. building in Washington beside the President stands Jack Pomanaga, official stenographer. Standing, top right, is James Rowley, chief of the White House Secret Service. A photographer shoots the scene as reporters, right, wait to fire more questions at the President (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Kit, consisting of the airplane parts, broken down, would be pro vided for the experiment withqu cost by Conrad because of his in tense interest in the success of the plan and in developing a wider in terest in the future of aviation. On conclusion of the project students in the class will be given title to the rebuilt airplane. Firms Will Supply Parts Piper Aircraft Co., Lockhaven Pa., has agreed to provide, with out charge, all new parts needed in the project. Lycoming Engine Co., Williams- port, Pa., has agreed to provide, without charge, parts needed. all new engine Other manufacturers have agreed to contribute, radio equipment tires, wheels and instruments to the experiment. The aircraft would be rebuilt with the aid of a licensed mechanic (Conrad) and the CAA would as- sign a special inspector to the proj- ect to see that the rebuilt craft complies with all federal require- ments. When completed, the rebuilt air- plane will be a licensed aircraft. All students in Winona and the Winona area of Southeastern Min- nesota and Western be- tween the ages of 14 to 19 inclu- sive, would be eligible to partici- pate. Public and parochial school au- thorities would be asked to outline a plan to select the 30 students who would carry on the experiment and to disseminate information about the project to all students in the city and area. No Cost to Students There would be no cost to parti- cipating students but any desiring to learn how to fly after the plane has been rebuilt, would be required to pay for flying instructions at a reduced cost. A television network has indicat- ed it may televise the project, step by step, as an educational feature. "Prior to World War II there was the government-sponsored civilian pilot training (Continued on Page 9, Column 4.) CONRAD I Mo China Blockade Planned, Ike Says WASHINGTON Eisenhower said today fiat he per- sonally is not giving consideration at this time to the questions of either an embargo or a blockade of Red China. His news conference statement left open the possibility that they were under study by other government officials. The matter of possible new moves against the Chinese Com- munists was brought up several times in this first meeting Eisen- hower has had with reporters since taking office. First Occasion On the first occasion, the Pres- ident was asked whether he was giving any consideration to impos- ition of either an embargo or a Provoo Gets Life in Prison For Treason NEW YORK John David Provoo was sentenced to life im- prisonment today for the crime of I 4 Unions End Strike Against Great Western CHICAGO H) Four operating unions today ended their strike against the Chicago Great Western Railway. But two other unions rep resenting switchmen and yardmas- ters continued the walkout. A spokesman for the operating employes said he understood the switchmen and yard masters would end their strike tonight. The walkout began Jan. 25. Officials of the four operating unions notified the strikers, esti- mated to number about to make themselves available for work at the call of the carriers. At the outset of the dispute there were 600 union grievance claims, An agreement was reached dis- posing of many of these. In ad- dition the parties enunciated 15 major principles to be followed ia settling 450 claims. The final settlement calls for the establishment of an impartial board to rule on 60 remaining cases not covered by stipulation or the set of principles. Striking unions were the Brother- iflod of Locomotive Engineers, the Order of Railway Conductors, thei treason. Jrotherhood of Locomotive Fire-! with reporters. naval blockade of Red China. He replied the matter had not been discussed with him, as he put the newspapers. A few minutes later, a reporter brought up the subject again, saying he wanted to make sure he understood the. President. Did the President mean that neither a blockade nor an embargo had been discussed at all, the newsman asked. Eisenhower said such steps had not been brought up officially, to him. Seeking clarification, a reporter asked whether the situation was that Eisenhower personally had given no consideration to such ac- tion. No Consideration The President replied that was consideration by him. Then he went on to say he sup- posed the subject had been under consideration in several depart- ments of government. He did not specify the departments. Today's news conference brought out a crowd of 256. The conference room in the old State Department Building which seats 215, was jammed to the doors. The attendance compares with a record of 347 for a presidential news at the first meeting President Truman had men and Enginemen and the Switchmen's Union of North Amer- :a. The Great Western is primarily a freight hauler but has some pas- senger service. It operates in Illi- nois, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri and Nebraska. ke May Request Economic Consultant WASHINGTON Congression- 1 sources predicted today Presi- dent Eisenhower soon will send to Capitol Hill a plan to replace the three-man Council of Economic .dvisers with a single White House conomic consultant. The tipoff came yesterday when IB House Appropriations Commit- ee turned down a request for K> to finance the economic coun- il and approved instead a Uotment to give the President an conomic consultant. However, the White House had taken steps to limit the atten- dance at today's meeting. It barred most of the government public re- lations men, always a sizeable group at previous presidential news conferences. As it was, some reporters were unable to get in today. The doors of the conference room were closed 20 minutes before the start of the conference. Natty Blue Suit At the outset, in a blue business suit with blue shirt and blue figured the newsmen he welcomed the oppor- tunity to meet with them He re- marked that he had many old friends in the gathering. He said too that he was looking forward to many more news con- ferences during the next four years and that they would be con- ducted on the same basis as here- tofore under the Truman and Roosevelt administrationi. The former Army sergeant, who was accused of going'over to the Japanese side after the fall of Cor- regidor, could have received the death sentence. Federal Judge Gregory F. Noo nan said he spared the tall Provoo death be cause of medical opinions that h was emotionally unstable. Provoo sat dawn limply after sentence was passed and glanced about the courtroom blankly. A jury of seven women and five men convicted Provoo last week after a four-months trial. Judge Noonan said he was in fluenced in sparing Provoo's life by the unusual circumstances o: existence in the grim Japanese prisoner of war camp on rocky Corregidor. On the other hand, added the judge, "In justice to those who suffered untold agony the penalty must be severe. I have arrived a? this conclusion after great difficul- ty and searching of soul." A moment before sentence was passed Provoo addressed the judge in a voice almost breaking with emotion. "I can only state I love my he said, controlling a sob. Then he said that his marriage had broken up because of the Army's long investigation of him and the fact he was in jail. "Much has been made during the irial of my personality he said. He urged that the United States improve its knowledge of psycholo- gical warfare, since he had Found it wanting in World War II. During the trial the government charged that' Provoo replaced his American uniform with Buddhist robes and met the conquering Jap- anese on Corregidor with a low oriental bow of greeting. Then, the government charged, he went over to the enemy side, broadcasting for the Japanese and making life unbearable to other prisoners by his constant bullying and betrayal of American prison- ers. A chief count of the indictment charged that Provoo betrayed Capt. Burton C. Thomson of Swea City, la., to death at the hands of the Japanese by denouncing him as unco-operative. This Man Has To Be Honest GALT, Ont. a name like mine, I can't help being the man said as he turn- ed over to police a wallet con- taining which he had found. For then" records, police r.oted the name: V. Crook. ed studying what must be done to end the bloody seven-year-old war, which costs France more than a billion dollars yearly and has claimed nearly French casualties. Behind this' new look is Eisen- hower's evident 'belief that the out- come of the Indochinese fighting actually is more important than Korea to the security of the free world. The U. S. and its allies, he is said to believe, could survive the loss of Korea by turning Japan into an armed camp to counter any possible new Communist move. Eut the loss of Indochina, he reportedly thinks, would eventually lead to the fall of Asia's "Rice Burma, and pose serious threats to India and Pakistan. Whatever the U. S. decides to do about Indochina will be closely tied to efforts to end the Korean deadlock. The aim in both Korea and Indo- china would be to train and equip loyal native troops much faster so that they can gradually replace United Nations forces in Korea and French Union troops in Indochina. France ha-s mobilized some 60 battalions of Indochiaese artillery, infantrymen and parachute units, but American officials believe this .is far from enough. There are I about 835 men in a Viet Nam bat- talion. Viet Nam is the Indo- Chinese state directly engaged in the fighting. eight piles under each building. Old Swimming Hole "Fifty years ago I used to go swimming there. A week or so ago when there were about a hun- dred people out there to start the project, I asked a member of the authority, 'Are you going to fill it He said they were going to put in about 3 feet. It looks to me like they oughi to put in 5 or 6 feet. "The deal has been held up by the housing authority inspector." Council President William P. Theurer added, "Boyum (Boyum, Schubert Sorensen, the archi- tects) is trying to correct the plans and specifications this week." Second Ward Alderman William S. L. Christensen, member of'the firm which has the construction contract, added more details. "The situation is aot as bad as the he pointed out. "When we started digging, we noticed the condition of the soil. So we called the owner's attention to it. Last week the Twin Cities Testing Laboratories was here testing. "We have no official stop or- der. .We're ordering 50 cars of lumber. We arrived at mutual agreement not to dig in that par- ticular corner." Soundings Made He has explained that the firm could be excavating on the eleva- In order to help the French i tion, but the construction plan is equip these .forces, Congress has to build the dwellings on a produc- provided nearly a billion dollars for and past other three guns, tanks, planes weapons during the years: Responsible American officials believe that if there is to be any quick stepup in arming Viet Nam ese unts, the U. S." will necessar ily have to send bigger and faster shipments. Despite all problems, U. S. offi cials believe a stout Viet Nam army can be created to relieve France of much of the military and financial burden. Until France can withdraw some of her regular army forces anc transfer them to Europe, officials believe she will -have great diffi- culty in maintaining her Atlantic Pact commitments. Judge Upholds Closed Sessions NEW YORK HI A state Su- preme Court justice today refused :o order General Sessions Judge Francis L. Valente to open the Vtinot Jelke vice trial to the pub ic and press. Justice Benjamin F. Schreiber held that the Supreme Court "has no right or power" to decide wheth- er the judge "should or should not lave ordered the exclusion of the public and press" from the trial. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair and not quite so cold tonight. Wednes- day increasing cloudiness and warmer. Low tonight 5, high Wed- nesday 32. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 lours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 17; minimum, noon, 15; precipitation, none; sun ets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 14 at noon, rain. t 7 a. m. today. Noon readings ky clear, visibility 15 miles, wind aim, barometer 30.27, humidity 50 per cent tion line basis and to move to another portion of the site would disrupt the plan. This morning Frank Cunning- ham, chairman of the authority is- sued the following statement: "Digging of the first basement disclosed a soil condition of ques- tionable nature. Soundings have been made as to what engineering principles should be employed to overcome that condition. "Boring reports are now in the hands of the Public Housing Ad- ministration and the architects and engineers, who will report within a few days as to how to proceed. Tentatively, it has been determin- ed that the plans may be altered to provide piling and a cement foundation rather than "concrete blocks: "This will cause a slight delay of a few days." Another member of the housing authority said that the inspector on the project told him that it is not unusual to encounter a situation like this. E. W. Lund at Home ST. PAUL W. Lund, Railroad and Warehouse Commis- sion chairman who was stricken with a heart attack Jan. 22 while returning from the Eisenhower in- augural, is now home in Duluth. Lund was hospitalized at Oregon, 111., after suffering the heart at- tack on a train. Robert Rosenberg, 5, and his brother, Michael, 9, are accompanied by Attorney Emanuel H. Bloch as they ar- rive at Sing Sing prison in Ossining, N. Y., to visit their parents, Julius and Ethel Ros- enberg, condemned atom spies. The couple face execution. (AP Wirephoto) Rosenbergs Granted Stay Of Execution NEW YORK OPI-The U. S. court of appeals today granted a stay of execution to March 30 to atom spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg permit them to petition the Supreme Court for a review of their case. Their execution originally was set for Jan. 14 but a stay was anted pending a presidential de- cision on an appeal for clemency. President Eisenhower rejected the appeal last Wednesday and a new execution date of- the week of March 9 had been set only Monday. The execution date now may be delayed even beyond March 30. The appeals court ruled that, if defense attorney Emanuel H. Bloch filed his petition 'with the Supreme Court before March 30, the stay would remain in effect indefinitely pending Supreme Court action on the petition. Comprising the appeals court were Judges Learned Hand, Augus- tus N. Hand and Jerome N. Frank. Bloch told the court he would begin work immediately on his pe- tition to the nation's highest court. Firemen Dripping Mad TULSA, Okla. tffl Tiremen were dripping mad over this one. They raced to the scene of a reported blaze only to find it had been put out three hours earlier by another fire company. The excited home owner had put in a second alarm. Balanced Budget Advocated First By President Statement Follows Congressional Drive For Quick Slash WASHINGTON President Eisenhower said today a tax reduc- tion -ought to be deferred until m balanced budget is in sight. The President reaffirmed at a news conference the position has taken all along on the tax cut question. It gained .special signifi- cance, however, because of the drive among some Republican members of Congress for a cut in personal income taxes next July 1. Eisenhower said a tax cut now might mean higher taxes later. A tax-cutting biE cleared its first congressional hurdle M o n d a y. There are signs, however, that it faces a rocky path of parliamen- tary roadblocks, delay and aventual tough opposition. The proposal, championed by Chairman Reed (R-NY) of the House Ways and Means Commit- tee, would advance by six months June 10-per-cent cut in individual income tax rates. Pres- ent law provides for the reduction Dec. 31. It would out the las.t increase of 11 per cent. The tax take is now higher, so the percentages differ For some 50 million proposal means a 5-per-cent the reduction in their federal "tax bill for calendar 1953. Under the Reed bill or present law, the full 10-per- cent will be felt in 1954. of Revenue For the federal government, Reed bill means an estimated' losi, of ivi billion dollars in revenue, at a time when the defense program will still be running strong and President Eisenhower has pledged do everything possible to match federal spending with income. White House Press Secretary James C. Hagerty said yesterday he President's views on this had not changed. Because of that prospective reve- nue loss, House leaders served notice they plan to hold off floor action on the Reed bill until May 1 or they can foresee enough spending cuts to balance the budget, or come close to it. But Reed, whose committee ap- iroved the bill 21-4, indicated he s in no mood to wait. From that onflict could come a touchy par- liamentary situation. Even if the House eventually 'asses the most lead- rs faces tough sledding n the Senate, where GOP Floor Deader Taft of Ohio and other ifluential members have urged that tax cuts be delayed into 1954. And sooner or later, the Eisen- ower administration probably will ave to recommend "yes" or "no" n the Reed bill. Democrats raised n outcry in the ways and means ommittee yesterday against act- ng on the bill without even hear- ng administration views. The possible parliamentary tan- le could develop along lines: Reed is expected to seek an rder from the House Rules Com- mittee barring amendments to his ill from the House floor Leaders sually get such a rule on tax ills to avoid being swamped with flood of proposed changes, Must Cut Budget But Chairman Allen (R-I11) said ally the rules group "will hold all tax legislation until at least ay 1." He added that before his ommittee will clear a tax bill for oor action, "it must be apparent at the federal budget will be greatly reduced, in order that we an live on our federal income itbout the necessity of borrowing another Asked if that position was all ght with him, Reed told report- si "No, it's not all right with e at all." But he declined to say lat he would'do about it. City That Care Forgot Marcli Gras in New Orleans NEW ORLEANS sim- mering kettle of revelry in the 'City That Care Forgot" boils over today as Rex, Lord of Mis- rule, reigns over New Orleans. Hundreds of thousands will jam he streets for the climax of Mardi ras carnival season. Thousands of .these merrymak- ers will be dressed as clowns, pi- rates, -gorillas, flappers and other tutlandish characters. Stores and banks will be closed as the city gives its last and.big- ;est roar before the beginning of ,ent. Cathedral bells will ring at mid- night and the devout will begin the 40 days of period of fasting and penance. Rex, head man of all the Jongs that have ruled New Orleans for the last 10 days, will ride his regal float through the milling crowds packing historic St. Charles and Canal streets. Named Bex was a mechanical engineer, Charles G. Crawford, His queen is Miss Adelaide Wis- dom, debutante daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William Bell Wisdom. Comus, king of the oldest car- nival organization, will follow Rex in a torchlight parade tonight. But another king will talce the spotlight briefly before Bex and Comus close down the show. King Zulu will float down the Mississippi River in his royal barge and land at the foot of Canal Street. As Zulu and his early-morning parade wave through downtown streets, be will toss out the tradi- Jional cocoanuts, taking care that no one is injured. The torchlight parade of. Comus ends the carnival for most people. But for the socially prominent, the climax is yet to come. Grand balls will be staged by both Rex and Comus. At midnight the two kings toast each other to signify the end of the carnival season.
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