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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 16, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Little Colder Tonight, -8 in City Dance for the Heart Fund at The Oaks Tonight VOLUME 52, NO. 307 SIX CENTS PER COPY W1NONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 16, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGES anes Fired on Over Japan Crewmen Cf An 83-Foot Coast Guard patrol boat line the rail grappling for bodies of 46 per- sons lost in the crash last night of a NAL plane in the Gulf of Mexico south of Mobile, Ala. Seven- teen bodies were recovered today. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) By JACK BELL WASHINGTON Stevenson apparently intends to keep himself available for the 1956 Democratic presidential nomination but will put no barrier in the path of any other potential candidate. Here to confer with members of Congress and other Democratic leaders, the 1952 nominee continued to turn away with jesting re- plies all queries about his political Van Fleet to Be Quizzed on Atomic Weapons WASHINGTON atom- ic weapons be used in an effort to win the Korean Vfar is certain to be among the questions asked of Gen. James A. Van Fleet next month when the former Eighth Ar- my commander goes before con- gressional committees. There was some speculation the same question up for discus- sion at a top-level White House meeting today. If it was, presuma- bly several new factors would be taken into account: 1. The stockpile of A-bombs for tactical use on a battlefield is growing. 2. The Army has a new big-cali- ber gun it claims can shoot atomic explosive shells. 3. Intensified pressure at home for ending the war. So far, the answers of most mil- itary leaders have been against using nuclear weapons. The rea- sons they give are both military and political. Gen. Omar Bradley, chairman of the strategy-making Joint Chiefs of Staff, repeated in an interview recently that he sees nothing to be gained now by using the atomic bomb tactically. Bradley didn't go into details nor indicate whether he included atomic artillery along with atomic bombs dropped from planes. The views of Bradley and others who recommended against employ- ing such weapons in Korea gen- future. Asked at a reception yesterday Search Resumed For 29 Victims Of DC6 Crash NEW ORLEANS air-sea search which found the bodies of 17 occupants of a National Airlines plane resumes today 44 miles southeast of Mobile, Ala., where the DC6 plunged into the storm- tossed Gulf of Mexico with 46 per- Democratic legislators if he j would be running for office in 1956, 'Stevenson quipped: Little hope remained that any "I may be running for cover. But of the 41 passengers and five crew sons aboard. maybe that won't be necessar then." He made it plain that he ha no intention to oppose the bid i Sen. Douglas (D-I11) for renomin, tion in 1954. "Douglas is a friend of mine ac I wouldn't run against him unde any Stevenson de clared. Will Be in Running Democrats who have sounded ou his thinking on his political futur say they are convinced Stevenso: -u-, erally seem ideas: predicated on these There are, in the present battle situation, no really good targets, neither tactical (on the battle- field) nor strategic (the sources of enemy war goods production) in North Korea. Atomic explosives can kill every- one above ground within the great radius of the blast, pulverize equip- ment and burn what is left. But when exploded at or feet, where the cone of the blast can encompass the greatest elfcc- tive area, they cannot do major (York speech Saturday night damage to below-ground positions. what he called "the dollar diplo- The 155-mile line of the Chinese macy" of the Eisenhower adminis- nomination in 1956 but he will no attempt to shut'off other possibL aspirants. These Democrats say Stevenson gives every evidence that he wouli be happy if some other candidati came forward. But these person: say he is realistic enough to be lieve that there is now no one in the party who can be regardec as a serious contender for the nomination except himself. One highly placed Democrat said in an interview he is confident tha' insisting on the retention of his old friend Stephen A. Mit- chell as national venson is not making any move to build himself up at the expense of other possible 1956 nominees. The former Illinois governor, de- feated by President Eisenhower last November, probably will sit down with Eisenhower at luncheon in the White House tomorrow. But if they exchange more than cour- teous pleasantries most politicians here will be surprised. It would be the first formal meeting between the two men, who swapped bitter charges during last year's campaign. In preparation for his round-the- world journey, on which he will embark March 2, Stevenson planned today to see several am- bassadors of countries he will visit. He scheduled afternoon meetings with Democratic members of the House and Senate, following morning conference with Demo- cratic officials and campaign con- tributors. Raps Dollar Diplomacy Stevenson's criticism in a New of and Korean Reds is dotted with tration brought Republican asser- Ike Proposes Cabinet Rank Be Given FSA Taft, Martin Confer With President WASHINGTON _ Sen. Taft (R-0) said today President Eisen- hower wants to make a Cabinet- rank government department out of the Federal Security Adminis- tration and has set machinery in t motion to create such a depart- said the date of the electrocution mesi may be March 12, and the hour _ _ 10 p.m. I the Senate Republican floor Rosenbergs To Die Week Of March 9 NEW YORK Execution of atomic spies Julius and Ethel Ros- enberg today was set for the week of March 9. Federal Judge Irving R. Kauf- man scheduled the new execution date for the husband and wife, whose appeal to the President for clemency has been rejected. The couple was convicted nearly :wo years ago of conspiring to :ransmit atomic information to Rus- ia. They have been in Sing Sing prison's death house ever since. U. S. Marshal William Carroll Rosenberg, 34, and his wife, 36, originally had been scheduled to die in the electric chair there Jan. 14. But the judge postponed the execution to permit time for the 'resident to act on their clemency appeal. President Eisenhower last week urned them down. leader, gave this word to reporters after a 40-minute meeting of con- gressional leaders with the Presi- dent. He said much of the session was spent in discussion on the ques- tion of repudiating certain "secret agreements" made by Presidents Roosevelt and Truman. Some progress was made toward SAKHALIN S S f.MIt.lf I 'W.iU.truii i war Setting of the new execution date I drafting a repudiation resolution such as Eisenhower has called for, ame amid a growing clamor over the easel Hundreds picketed the White House late last week in protest gainst the death penalty. For the second time, the Roman iatholic apostolic delegation in Vashington last week informed the overnment the Pope has received arge numbers of pleas for mercy. Winds Scour Up Mack Blizzard In Plains Area DENVER up to 8 miles an hour yesterday secure up black blizzards similar to th Dust Bowl blows of the 1930s i parts of Nebraska, Kansas an Colorado. They swirled dust to 13 000 feet high in Western Kansas smashed windows and pushed ove trees in Western Nebraska an tore down telephone and powe lines and puffed up snow blows ii Colorado. Whistling Grit No loss of life was reported. Whistling grit cut visibility prac tically to nothing in the plain Park, Ga., j areas and completely stopped or members would be found alive. The ill-fated four-engined plane, flying in 100-mile-per-hour winds, was en route from Tampa, Fla., to. New Orleans when it crashed Saturday afternoon less than five minutes from possible safety. Three found bobbing on the water yes- terday as a tremendous hunt by planes and ships combed the Gulf. The Coast Guard believed that only a "remote possibility" existed that the airliner's fourth raft would be found with survivors. Prominent Persons Many persons prominent in bus- iness and society were aboard the big airliner when it left Tampa at 3 p. m. (CST) Saturday for the 419-mile run across the Gulf. It was due in New Orleans at p. m. An investigation was started by B. Shebat of College Park, Ga., and T. G. Packham of Miami, slowed highway 'travel. civil nflrnnonfinc ntit-hnriHar- i _ civil aeronautics authorities. Billy Lavendar, photographer for he Mobile Press-Register, said after a flight to the scene that Gales sweeping through Northern Colorado's Rockies pushed into road blocks and made trave hazardous on U. S. 40 over i U. o 1U Uvcr J.-L.oi'i the plane went down about 12 miles foot Berthoud Sab short of Ft Morgan, site of a bit Ears Passes and U S 6 ovei small airfield Loveland Pass. he said. "Land was less than ive minutes flying time from the pot where the plane crashed." It was the first fatal crash of U. S. domestic airliner since a National DC6 fell at Elizabeth, J., Feb. 11, 1952. Continued blasts we're predicted for the three states today, but the U. S. Weather Bureau forecast the blow would diminish late tonight. A cold wave also was forecast for Western Nebraska and North- western Kansas. bunkers ranging from 20 to 50 tions that the former governor was feet in depth, capped with earth! guilty of "confused thinking" A and sometimes concrete. Except I Republican, Sen. Carlson of Kan- for a virtually direct hit, they said the 1952 Democratic nom- would withstand atomic attack. I inee seemed to want to continue Even ordinary slit trenches, such a "Santa Claus" approach to aid as link the bunkers on the Korean j for Europe. front, provide good protection j Democrats defended Stevenson's against an air-burst explosion as' contention that the U. S. should close as yards. However, not use "big stick" methods to bombs or shells set to burst upon I force European allies to speed up impact with the _ground could their defenses, as he intimated" he produce highly effective cratering thought Secretary of State Dulles and earth-shock results. (had done. Since the Army announced last i fail that it has new, highly mo- bile 280-millimeter guns capable of shooting atomic shells, there has been growing talk about the pos- sibility of their use in Korea. While a few such guns are in ex- istence and have been demon- strated in firings of conventional ammunition there is nothing to in- dicate that the first experimental atomic shell has been fired. That may be tested this spring at the Nevada proving grounds. St. Paul Fire Loss Set at ST. PAUL Wi Fire swept through the Western Plumbing Supply Corp. building, 2021 St. An- thony St., early today, doing dam- age to the plant and its contents estimated at Forty firemen battled in sub- zero temperatures to bring the fire under control. Taft added. In his State of the Union address, Eisenhower said he would shortly ask Congress to repudiate any se- cret agreements of the past which involved the enslavement of free peoples anywhere. Will Prepare Bills Taft said the proposed resolution will be introduced in Congress "within a reasonable time." "I would think it would go Taft said. Taft and House Speaker Martin (R-Mass.) met with newsmen im- mediately after they and other GOP leaders had held their regu- lar Monday morning' strategy con- ference with the President. This was a departure from past sessions, when the congressional leaders have been reluctant to talk. Taft said a resolution setting up a new department to take over the work of the Federal Security Administration is being prepared. FSA now is headed by Mrs. Oveta Kulp Hobby, who sits in on Cab- inet meetings. Mrs. Hobby' voiced the hope before she took office that her post would be raised to one of full Cabinet rank. FSA includes the social security system and a complex other federal health, educational and re- lated services. Taft didn't go into the reasons for turning FSA into a regular department. He said, however, that all those at today's meeting ap- peared to be in favor of the step. On the matter of repudiating se- cret agreements, Taft said the President was referring primarily :o the Yalta agreement between President Roosevelt and the Rus- sians. Map Locates Eastern Tip of Japanese island of Hokkaido where U. S. Jet interceptors fired on two Russian-type fighter planes and damaged one in a chase back toward the Kurile Islands, accord- ing to a Far East Air Force report. The incident took place near Nemuro. The Red planes were first detected by radar. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) CDA Warns Russia Could Bomb U. S. By W. JOYNES MacFARLAN WASHINGTON federal Civil Defense Administration, said today Russia could send 400 planes against any spot in the U. S. and drop numbers of atom bombs capable of inflicting casualties with each blast. Such an initial attack, the agency said, would come practically with- out warning, probably during working hours, and would be aimed primarily at crowded industrial areas. pt would be backed up by psy- cbjlogical warfare, to spread pan- ic and weaken the will to fight, and biological warfare, to add dis- ease to bombed-out devastation, No Agreements Ensign Frank Polk, of the USCG, looks at a mail pouch along with the crash victims' clothing from the Gulf of Mexico where the National Air Lines plane crashed Sunday. The U. S. postal inspectors stand behind Polk waiting to go through the mail pouch. The pilot's b'ag is also shown. (AP Wirephoto to The Hepublican- Herald) The Ohio lawmaker said he does not know of any agreements made with the Russians by the Demo- cratic administrations which are till secret. Secretary of State John Foster 3ulles sat in on the conference, s did Chairman Chiperfield (fi- ll) of the House Foreign Affairs Committee and Sen. H. Alexander imith chairman of the Senate foreign relations subcom- mittee on the Far East. Later today, Eisenhower planned o take up the atomic energy pro- gram with top administration of- The fact that both Far Eastern olicy and atomic energy were eing discussed on the same day tirred speculation that the admin- tration might be studying the long ebated question of using atomic eapons against the Communists in orea. There was no hint of such a study, however, from any person figuring in the two meetings. 2DasselMen Find In Vacant House DASSEL, Minn. Two young electricians found about in cash wrapped in old black stock- ings, stuffed into pint fruit jars and sealed in old envelopes while installing wiring in the attic of a vacant farm house near here. The money has been deposited in a bank here until ownership is established. The Minnesota attor- ney general's office said today there is no general state law ap- plying to claims on money that is found. Attic Hoard WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and a little colder tonight. Tuesday gen- erally fair and not so cold. Low tonight in city, in country. High Tuesday 15. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 30; minimum, 4; noon, 17; precipitation, trace. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today; Maximum, 19; minimum, -3; noon, 8; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 17 at p. m. Sun- day, min. -3 at a. m. today. clear, visibility .5 miles, wind 17 miles per hour from northwest, barometer 30.10 rising, humidity 63 per cent. Lawrence Freeman and Elmer Berg, electricians employed by a local furniture and appliance store, found the money in the attic of a two-story farm house last oc- cupied by Oscar and Fred Eng- lund, bachelor brothers. The Eng- lunds' parents built the house in 1910. A neighboring farmer, Oscar D. Olson, bought the Englund place following the death of Oscar Eng- lund in May, 1952. Fred Englund has since lived with his sister near Atwater. Last week Olson hired Freeman and Berg to install the wiring. They were working in the musty attic Saturday afternoon when the money was found. Freeman loosened a floor boarc and reached under to locate an opening between the walls. A pint fruit jar blocked his reach near an eave. He pulled the jar out and the two broke it with a hammer. Inside was a black stocking with the foot cut off. The bottom had been tied shut with a string. A roll of currency totaling was it added. The civil defense agency's an- nual report was sent to President Eisenhower and Congress by Act- ing Administrator James J. Wads- worth. Eisenhower, in his State of the Union message, urged a step- ped-up civil defense because he said there was no question Russia has the atomic bomb. Wadsworth said in his report: "These initial civil defense at- tack assumptions are neither a dramatic overstatement of the problem or a retreat from the real- ity of growing Soviet capabilities, "We are making progress in civ- il defense but are losing ground in the face of the growing threat to our national security. Make no mistake about it, America's civil defense is not developing fast enough to meet the threat that now faces us. The report quoted the Air Force as saying 70 per cent of an enemy bombing mission would get through the country's defense. The agency assumed 400 bomb- ers would strike, with no more than 15 minutes warning if any, among the 67 areas it has desig- nated as most likely targets. The bombers, it said, would car- ry conventional bombs as well as atomic bombs 2% times as power- ful as the one dropped on Hiro- shima. In a daytime attack, it said, such A-bombs would kill or wound persons, about half of whom [eventually would recover. Its primary task, the two-year- One Intruder Damaged in Brief Skirmish Flight of LAlls Over Jap Boundary Unauthorized By GEORGE A. MCARTHUR TOKYO U. S. warplanes challenged two Russian-type fight- ers over Northern Japan today, damaged' one in a brief skirmish and chased both intruders to the Soviet-held Kurile Islands, the Far East Air .Forces said. It was the first time .Soviet planes had appeared ever North- ern Japan since thc> government, with strong U. S. badxig. or. Jan. 13 warned her mighty to ie north against such .mzi'-ithor- ized flights. The Air Force identified the planes as LAlls, a Russain-built prop-driven single-seat fighter in the 400-mile-per-hour class. American planes were F84 Thuo- derjets. The Air Force announcement aid the Thunderjets intercepted the LAlls near Nemuro on the ;astern tip of Northern Hokkaido this morning. They signaled the intruders to land. One Thunder- jet opened fire when the order was ignored. One of the LAlls was hit in the fuselage and wings. Both planes fled toward the Ku- riles. The Thunderjets broke off the chase "to avoid violation of Rus- sian-held the Air Force said. It is only miles from Nemuro to "the nearest Russian-held island. Japan's air boundary is only 2V4 miles from the tip of the peninsula brief seconds in a jet. The Thunderjets were on a rou- tine patrol mission when radar operators on the ground spotted the intruders. The radar men flashed the signal that sent the U. S. planes roaring in pursuit. It was in the same general area, within sight of the Kuriles, that U. S. B29 Superfort was shot down Oct. 7. Russia protested to the U.S. that the Superfort violated Russian territory and opened fire on Sov- iet planes. The U. S., in reply, de- nied both charges and said the Superfort was not armed. The FEAF gave few details of today's action. It did not speculate on the. nationality of the LA11 pilots. Airbases in Japan had orders not to comment. "I've got orders right here on my one officer .said, "not tc say a word." old agency said, is to alert every American family to the dangers of unpreparedness and to the need Eaves Searched The electricians quickly searched the eaves ledge around the edge of the floor and found 14 more bundles of money. Some of the currency was in envelopes with the latest postmarks dated 1947. Most of the money was in bills, although it was found in de- nominations ranging from to There were some gold cer- tificates dated 1882. Olson said England and his sis- jfor a grass roots system of civil defense. "The safety of the republic is everybody's business, not merely that of a it said. "Only when the people are told the full truth about the dangers they face will they be able to act to keep us free." The report listed as basic re- quirements for effective civil de- fense: 1. More real and effective leader- ship at all levels of government, and "adequate financial support instead of token support." 2. Continued improvements in sea and air defenses of North America. 3. A practical, step-by-step dis- persal program for industry and a realistic shelter program for highly congested areas. 4. Fuller recognition ftat the spiritual unity of civil defense is an mportant factor in the survival of the American way of life. TODAY ter told him Sunday they did not] 5. Civilian self-reliance aroused know about any hidden money in the house. by full knowledge of the dangers the nation faces. ROKs May Replace Americans By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP the coun- try rings with forecasts of an ad- venturous policy in the Far East, the Eisenhower administration is actually considering a very differ- ent course of action. For this country, the 'main feature of the scheme will be the gradual but eventually complete withdrawal of American divisions from the fight- ing line in Korea- This is to be the answer to tha mounting political pressure to jring the boys home, which is now :aking the form of a deluge of Vhite House mail demanding that President Eisenhower "keep his promise" to end the Korean war. The American divisions are to be replaced, of course, with South Korean divisions. In some measure this process has begun already. The new South Korean divisions created by General James Van Fleet, have taken over a part of the battleline. An estimated three American divisions have already been pulled back into reserve. But General Van Fleet, an aggressive- minded commander, at no contemplated complete replace, tnent of the American divisions by Korean divisions. And complete replacement is the new scheme's real novelty. In order to reduce the substan- Sal risk involved, 12 to 18 months will be allowed for the replacement process. Even after the American Infantry have been pulled out of the line, American heavy artillery on Pan H, Column I.)
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