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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 13, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy Tonight And Saturday, Colder Saturday The Nation This Week Salutes Ail Boy Scouts VOLUME 52, NO. 305 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 13, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES Tax Equality for Merchants Sought Farm Congressmen Rap Benson's St. Paul Talk Christine Jorgensen, who underwent treatment which changed her from a man into a woman, returned to New York Thursday. The 26-year-old girl was accompanied by a police officer as she walked from customs. Chris wore a loose-fitting nutria coat and a close-fitting hat of nutria. As George Jorgensen Jr., Chris once served in the U, S. Army. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) Ike s Foreign Policy Made in America NEW YORK UPI Gov. Thomas E. Dewey says the Eisenhower administration will work for world peace through a positive foreign policy that Will be "made in America." The United States, he adds, will "no longer sit idly by watching the free world dismembered piece by and "American pob'cy I will no longer be made in the 1 Kremlin." The governor, a chief supporter of Dwight D. Eisenhower for the presidency, made the declarations TODAY No Cheap Way to End War By JOSEPH and STEWART AUSOP WASHINGTON Tuesday of this week is likely to go clown in history as the first major turning point of the Eisenhower adminis- tration. It was the day when the hard fact was faced that there are no cheap, magical solutions o any big problem, and especially o the Far Eastern problem. Evidently President Eisenhowe and the State Department policy makers did not foresee the conse quences of their psychologically justifiable but militarily meaning less gesture of "unleashing" Chi ang Kai-shek. Plainly, they did no expect the ensuing orgy of wishfu thinking and irresponsible talking about painless, miraculous ways to humble the Chinese Communists and end the Korean War. Corrective Applied Under the President's instruc tions, the corrective was therefore applied by Gen. Omar Bradley The chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff followed Secretary of State John Foster Dulles on the stand of the Senate Foreign Relations Com- mittee on Tuesday. Although the assembled senators only wished to talk about Far East- ern solutions, Sec. Dulles made his European journey his chief theme: Price Support Not Abandoned, Officials State By OVID A. MARTIN and JOE HALL WASHINGTON UP) Farm state congressmen fired, harsh words to- day at the first official speech o Secretary of Agriculture Benson also on the receiving end of criti cism about falling farm prices. Eisenhower administration farm officials are Further, they hardly know what to do about com plaints that Benson is not taking aggressive action to halt the farm price decline. In St. Paul Wednesday nigh'. Benson advised farmers to rely more on themselves and less on government aid. He declared that 'inefficiency should not be subsi dized in agriculture or any other economy, and relief programs should be operated as such." The farm officials aren't talking Dublicly about congressional com- ilaints because they are still hope- ul of maintaining close relations with the lawmakers. But they point out, in off-the-record discussions, hat Benson has pledged to carry out faithfully all the price support programs set up by the preceding Democratic administration. In no case, they say, has a price support commitment made by Benson's Democratic predecessor, Charles F. Brannan, been aban- doned. Democrats Gleeful They also say that if Brannan were still in office and if he ad- hered to his previously stated farm price support policies, he would stand pat on present pro- grams. Most of the criticism of Benson's speech came from Democrats, gleeful over what they feel is going to be a key issue in the 1954 con- gressional elections, particuarly if farm prices keep sliding. But one Repubb'can senator, Young of North Dakota, comment- ed that "if President Eisenhower bad expressed the same views in the campaign, he wouldn't have re- ceived the votes of the farm last night 'in aTpeech Iff'th i son's talk at st- annual Lincoln Day dinner of the I reaction was Just the same as the National Republican Club of New 'reaction of his no ap- York at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel. At the outset of his speech, Dewey said he was speaking "for myself and, of course, not for the admin- "I just can't see how the Repub- ican party can afford to take that kind of Young declared. He added that he listened to Ben- and: "My plause. Dulles Believes Chances Good in Western Europe Anxious for Allies To Act Promptly On Merging Defenses By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON of State Dulles say.s "there is a good chance" for formation of a Euro- pean Defense Community but he hopes that "concrete evidence" of progress will be shown soon. Dulles gave that report of his impressions of a flying trip to European capitals, from which he returned Monday, in a radio broadcast to the nation last night. He cautioned that the alterna- tives to formation of a European Defense Community are consid- ered by President Eisenhower to be weak, and he said the security of Europe itself and in some de- gree the security of the United States against the power of Russia depend upon successful accom of the undertaking. Six European nations Italy France, West Germany, The Neth erlands, Belgium and Luxembourg a treaty to create the EDC last May. Dulles said it was then expected this treaty and re lated arrangements for tying it to the North Atlantic Treaty Organ ization would be ratified and made operative in six months. Actually he noted, months have passed and ratification is still lacking. Plans Held Up This has been "disconcerting' to the U. S., Dulles said, because American security plans are based upon eventual inclusion of German military strength in the Western European defense system. That, ie said, is what the EDC was designed to accomplish. EDC was developed by European eaders, he declared, and in ,sup- >orting it the U. S. has not "been rying to impress an American cheme on Europe." In the past seven years, he said, his country has contributed 30 bil- ion dollars to Europe and sta- ioned "tens of thousands of our :rmed forces" there because Euro- iean security vitally affects .Amer- can security, "But our he continued, will not permanently serve Europe, or ourselves, or humanity, unless it fits into a constructive program for European unity. Noth- that the U. S- can do will ever be enough to make Europe safe if it is divided into rival na- tional camps. "President Eisenhower himself said recently that he was im- pressed with the 'feebleness' of istration-" Major Speaker Bradley made thorny points. the following First, international law forbids x blockade without the declaration of a state of war. If we declared ourselves at war with Communist China, the character of the Korean War would be instantaneously transformed, and we should find ourselves fighting alone, with our allies holding aloof. Incidentally, the blockade could not include Hongkong without a declaration of war on Great Britain, but could in- clude Port Arthur and Dairen, since these ports technically be- long to China. Second, besides dividing this country from its allies, a blockade would invite reprisals. The Chinese j (Continued on Page 7, Column 3.) ALSO PS Atty. Gen. Herbert Brownell Jr., the other major speaker said an improved loyalty program for fed- eral employes "is well under way and withia a short time we will be able to give you the Brownell said that under his di- rection the Department of Justice has devised an "objective test" that will be fair to every federal employe. "We he added, "that it will end the atmosphere of sus- picion and distrust. It will also end the protracted delays in loyalty screenings that have hurt the in- nocent as well as being slow in accomplishing the task of weed- ing out the disloyal employes." The dinner was attended by more than persons. 'A Great Lift' Dewey told the assemblage tha Secretary of State Dulles on his recent trip to Europe had given "a great lift" toward a united Western Europe which would be the greatest force for world peace Dewey added: "A united Europe would mean a more firmly united free work which the slave states w.uld never dare attack. Since the Kremlin's anlikely to launch a clearly hope- less war, the prospect of peace would immeasurably improve. Such is the hope. It is brought nto the realm of the possible by he virile, informal leadership of the new Republican administra- A-Bomb Speedup imperative, AEC Chairman States DAIREN, Conn. HI Gordon )ean, chairman of the Atomic inergy Commission, says, "It is f the utmost importance that we speed the manufacture of tomic bombs so that we 'can be eady for emergencies." Dean spoke last night at the 56th annual Lincoln Day dinner of the Norwaik Catholic Club. T alternatives to the European De- In the speech, which followed fense Community." closely on the lines of a statement The Eisenhower administration Benson gave out a week ago, the! ;s understood to have no alterna- secretary called the elaborate gov-1 tjve pian for the defense of West- ernment price support system an ern Europe under formal study, "insurance against disaster" but having committed itself instead to did not indicate he thought this the I EDC Firefighters Work on the wreckage of an operating building, left, center, of the Hercules Powder Co., at nearby Pinole, Calif., which was destroyed by fire following an explosion Thurs- day afternoon. Other buildings, purposely sepa- rated, escaped damage. Chief of Police Hugh Young said 12 men were killed. Ambulance is on the road at left. (AP Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald) California Powder Plant Blast Kills 12 RICHMOND, Calif. flicker of flame and a wisp of smoke spurted from an explosive-mixing "dope house" at the Hercules Powder Company in nearby Pinole yesterday. As workers rushed to fight the fire, an explosion reduced the brick only function of the system. Shift From Bounty Benson said price supports should not be used to encourage There are at least two theoret- ical alternatives. One would be for the U. S. to make direct arrange- ments for the rearmament of "uneconomic production" of heavy Western Germany, though that is surpluses. He called for a shift away from "government bounty" and toward "free enterprise" in agriculture. Sen. Humphrey (D-Minn) said, considered virtually impossible be- cause of French opposition; and the other would be for the U. S. I to make new "plans for a "pheri- "It appears we're getting the 1953 edition of 'prosperity is just (Continued on Page 13, Column 2.) BENSON in England, Spain, Greece and other positions outside the heart of Europe. Labrador B-36 Crash Kills 3 FORT WORTH, Tex, Cars- well-based B-36 bomber. crashed and burned 16 miles from Goose Bay, Labrador, just before mid- night Thursday night (Labrador Three crew members were killed, ix suffered major injuries and ight others were slightly injured, Carswell Air Force Base officials aid here today. The giant bomber returning from a flight to England, was making a scheduled stop en route to Cars- well. First reports from Goose Bay indicated the bomber was prepar- ing to land when the accident oc- curred. The weather was reported to have been clear and unrestricted. A C-47 flew to the scene and a two-man para-rescue team jumped to render aid. Deep snow prevented the landing of aircraft and early Friday morn- ing Air Rescue Service helicopters building to rubble. Twelve men were torn to bits. Bodies and parts of bodies were hurled as far as 250 feet. The explosion threw bricks from the building 700 feet. It shook four counties. It even got a reaction on the University of California seis- mograph at Berkeley, 12 miles to the south. San Francisco, 20 airline miles away, was jolted. 'Dope Houses' An employe who declined to give his name said the "dope houses" were considered relative- ly safe from explosion. He said three had burned in the past four years without exploding. Only two men were in the 25 by 50 foot brick building which was used for mixing in- 'gredients of dynamite. They pre- sumably touched off the plant fire whistle which brought workers running. Then came the blast which "almost knocked our heads Relentless Tide Pounds Against Britain, Holland By TOM OCHILTREE LONDON W) A relentless tide thundered against hastily-plugged gaps in the sea walls of Britain, The Netherlands and Belgium to- day, threatening a new loss of life and property. On both shores of the North Sea the battle to Hold back the waves reached a new critical phase. The fight, against the greatest expected tides of the month, will continue until Thursday. Britain, aided by the U. S. and eight continental countries, got a sandbag airlift under way. Millions j Of bags were loaded into planes j and ships to strengthen the batter- ed levees on England's east coast. British, Dutch and Belgian serv- icemen and volunteers fought at a new tempo to hold back the sea. As new weaknesses appeared in the dikes, fresh crews rushed up to bolster the defense. Britain and the low countries counted more than dead from the storms and floods that swept against their shores from Jan. 31 to Feb. 2, All three countries are State Senators Introduce Bill For Fair Levy Assessment Would Be Made on Average Inventories Basis ST. PAUL Iffl An attempt to equalize application of the personal property tax to merchants and manufacturers is made in a bill introduced in the Minnwota Leg- islature today. Under present law, inventories of merchants and maiuitcturtrf are assessed on May 1 The bill, by Sens. Duff. Kasson, and Arthur Gillen, South St. Paul, would have the assess- ment made on the basis of the average of inventories taken :irst of each month. The proposal is modeled on Ohio law. said Sen. Duff, "the :ax works unfairly. Some have low inventories on May 1 and thus escape a fair share of the tax. Dthers have high inventories at ;hat season and have to pay more than their share. "Those who have studied the jroblem say such a change would make Minnesota more attractive .0 new businesses." While no figures are available, Sen. Duff said he believed the pro- posed change would not materially change the tax yield. Highlighting Lincoln's Birthday action in the legislature Thursday was approval by the Senate Labor Committee of a proposal to revise the unemployment compensation move which William Gunn, counsel for the State Federation if Labor, called high-handed. The proposal, opposed by the j federation, would raise maximum benefits to the unemployed, but tighten eligibility provisions. Gunn .asked the..committee to de- lay action until the federation's proposal can be introduced next week. Committee members took the position, however, that they shpuld act immediately on the bill before them. Gunn said the bill, sponsored by Sen. Thomas Welch, Buffalo, was unfair in its eligibility provision. He said these would make it im- possible for many who need them most to obtain benefits. off said workprs farthest frVvrn Ito reD- z- Au mree countries are from I better equipped now to prevent Wants Faster Action J evacuated the dead and injured. Dulles has been pressing for! The plane was one of 14 return- faster action on EDC so he to Carswell. Two others re- demonstrate to Congress in in England as planned first part of April that strong de- j Another of the B-36s on the train- fenses are in prospect and justify further U. S. aid to European forces. He hopes to be able to go to the North Atlantic Treaty meet- ing at Paris April 23 with assur- ances that U. S. aid will be con- tinued for another year on a scale the administration considers ade- quate. He described this situation to European leaders on his ing flight to England was lost last week. But no one was killed or seriously injured. v A fire broke out while the bomb- er was airborne over England. Mankato Child Killed MANKATO, Minn, ffl Karen Lee, 18-month-old daughter of Mr- The American Aviation magazine issued 'these pic- tures, describing them as (top) new Russian MIG-17, twin-engine jet fighter, suc- cessor to the single-engine jet MIG-15; (center) twin-engine jet, all-weather fighter plane with top speed of more than 600 miles per hour; (bottom) a MIG-19 plane of "flying bar- rel" design about which little is known except that it is "an interceptor probably not yet in production. (AP Wirephoto) visited Lcrndon in addition to the and Mrs. Carl E. Schutte, suffered continental he said fatal head injuries Thursday night last night, neither gave nor re- j when, Coroner Roy Andrews said, ceived, any "concrete promises or she fell from her father's auto pledges." j onto an icy pavement. A physician "We did come he was summoned but the child was "with the feeling that there is a jood chance that the European De- iense Community will be .-brought into being. There are plenty of hurdles to be overcome. But we believe that there is a will to pro- ceed. "We hope that in the coming dead before he arrived. weeks this determination will be translated into concrete evidence that real progress is being made. Without that, future planning will be difficult. Candor requires us to say this." Syrian Papers Hail Break With Israel DAMASCUS, Syria (Si All Syr- ian newspapers today editorially hailed Russia's severing of rela- tions with Israel, the hope other nations will take the same step. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Con- siderable cloudiness tonight and Saturday. Colder Saturday. Low tonight 18, high Saturday 25. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 31; minimum, 13; noon, 29; preciptation, none; sun. sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT TEMPERATURES (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 29 at noon, min. 10 at a. m. Noon clear, visibility 15 miles, wind 12 miles per hour from south, south- west, barometer 29.77 falling, hu- midity 75 per cent Those closer to the explosion didn't live. Eugene D. Hatfield, Hercules employment supervisor, said: "We probably will never know the cause of the blast." The FBI is investigating the pos- sibility of sabotage. Moving Dirt Two construction workers, who were moving dirt only 150 feet from the explosion, escaped injury. John Mountjoy saw a small flame at the building, then "a little like a tank of gas going off." He and three other men leaped into the scoop of a bulldozer Mountjoy was operating. Seconds later the big blast came. Plant Manager Clifford T. Butler estimated damage at Ike Scraps Curbs On Steel, Copper Nof for Defense WASHINGTON ffl The Eisen- hower administration today scrap- ped allocation controls on all steel, copper and aluminum which is not claimed by defense priority-hold- ers. This action was announced by the Office of Defense Mobilization. It marked a shift in emphasis in the rapid dismantling of the vast controls program which Eisen- hower has promised to scuttle as part of the new Republican ad- ministration's pledge of a free market economy. It is expected that only critical defense allocations and some rent controls will remain when the scrapping of controls machinery is completed by the end of April. Effective at once, the three basic defense metals released may be sold by mills and used by civilian manufacturers without restraint. more loss of life. Not only have coastal areas been evacuated in many places, bu elaborate warning systems are in operation. The wind dropped over the North Sea, but numbing cold was a new enemy for the workers on the dikes. A blizzard continued over much of Northern Europe. Spring tides will reach their peak Monday afternoon. If no new gales whip the waters, the three coun tries hope to get safely by this period. By the end of next week the giant February tides will have begun to recede. The Soviet Union Broke off diplomatic relations with Is- rael The future of the Sudan (B) was covered in an agreement signed (Feb. 2) by Egypt and Britain. (AP Wire- photo) 23 Men Sealed Aboard Old Sub In 2-Month Test WASHINGTON Wl The Navy Thursday announced names of 23 human "guinea pigs" sealed aboard an old World War II sub- marine in a two-month test. The Navy said members of tha volunteer crew aboard the USS Haddock at New London, Conn., are undergoing identical conditions expected for the crew of "the world's first true atomic submarine." The Navy said in a statement that the crewmen have games. Arkansaw Youth ARKANSAW, Wis. Aboard the submarine is Seaman Don- ald D. Myers, 19, son of Mr. and Mrs. Glenn Myers, who live on a farm outside this Pepin County community. Myers, in the Navy March, T952, told his parents in December that he would board the test submarine- hobbies, phonograph records and there is no mail from home, no telephone connections for calls to friends or family, no radio or television entertainment. "They will not see daylight, bar- ring emergencies, during the two months the operation is scheduled to said the Navy. Among volunteers undergoing he test are two Minnesotans, Ross 'j. Anderson, seaman, 19, son of Joseph L. Anderson of Ellendale, and Joseph N. Van Sloun, seaman, .9, son of Mrs. Joseph Van Sloun, Excelsior. The Navy said it wants to know 'how the human factor will limit operation" of nuclear submarines, which will be able to stay sub- merged almost indefinitely. 'oland Will Pass On Church Appointees WARSAW, Poland UPl Poland oday decreed that all church ap- ointments be approved by the tate. Appointees must be Polish nd must take an oath of loyalty to the jzovernment.
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