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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 12, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Generally Fair, Somewhat Colder Tonight The Nation This Week Salutes All Boy Scouts VOLUME 52, NO. 304 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 12, 1953 TWENTY PAGES Part Of The Wreckage of an automobile jammed against train wheels of the B. 0. West Virginian after a collision Wednesday night be- tween the car and the Washington to Parkers- burg, W. Va., train at Gaithersburg, Md. This wreckage was dragged more than 500 feet from the point of the crash. Four occupants of the auto, all from Gaithersburg, were killed and at least 6 persons were injured. (Story, on Page 4) (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Rosenbergs Must Die, Ike Decides WASHINGTON FDR 'Sold Out' Poles at Yalta, Wiley Charges MILWAUKEE The late President Roosevelt "sold out" Po- land in a secret agreement at Yal- ta, Sen. Wiley (R-Wis) charged Wednesday in a speech to the In- ternational Institute of Milwaukee County. Wiley, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said he favored President Eisenhower's request for repudiation of secret agreements made at Yalta. Such pacts are "examples of interna- tional the senator charged, and "there is'no expedi- ent under the sun which can just- ify immorality." Roosevelt and other Allied lead- ers conferred at Yalta in Febru- ary, 1945, on policy in knocking out a wavering Germany and thus ending the European phase of World War II. Bartered Rights Wiley said that Roosevelt the chairmanship of the "bartered away the rights of a I Senate-House Atonuc Energy Com- free people, a magnificent ally- to a House member and a By DONALD SANDERS -President Eisenhower has refused Strain Develops Between Senate, House Leaders By WILLIAM F. ARBOGAST WASHINGTON (m-Two develop- ments of the past week threaten to strain relations between the Senate and the House. They are the refusal by senators Poland. He gave away her territory and her inhabitants. He laid the basis for her partition and her slavery. "This was a violation of every- thing for which this country right- ly the Atlantic Charter, of all the decades of American friendship with Poland and in- debtedness to Poland. But under international law, under national law, you cannot give away that which does not belong to you. You cannot sell to one man what be- longs to another man. "And so, the stain of Yalta must now be erased. It is tragic that this action comes so late, that this brave, devout land is now ground under the heel of a tyrant. But the action must now be taken so that we can once more say to all the world. 'We stand before you and proclaim that this sell-out, and other sell-outs, is not binding upon us and indeed, so far as I am concerned, never was bindin upon us.' Poland Will Be Free "And, too, we say to all tb world, 'Poland shall yet be free Eastern Eprope shall yet be free.'' Wiley declared also that differ ences between the United State and her allies on Far Eastern pol icy "must be reconciled." He said that disunity "only plays into th< Soviet's hands, only weakens thi common efforts." The senator added, however, "to achieve unity we do not propose to sacrifice our principles or our allies'." Wiley stated, "We will never pull the trigger that leads to war But neither will we grovel on the ground in fear or cowardice be fore a treacherous killer Rec China. .We say appeasement has been the order of the day, bul that day is WEATHER FEDERAL FpRECAST Winona and Vicinity Generally fair tonight and Friday. A little colder tonight. Low tonight 12, high Friday 26. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 35; minimum, 18; noon, 30; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 33 at p.m. Wed- nesday, min. 17 at a.m. to- day. Noon scat- tered at feet and overcast at feet, visibility 15 miles, wind 8 miles per hour from north, northwest, barometer 29.93 steady, humidity 95 per cent. the lives of the Rosenbergs', whose controversial death sentences for atomic spying he termed just punishment for a crime which "could very well result in the death of many, many thousands cent citizens." A New York attorney for the husband and wife, Emanuel Bloch, said he would carry a new appeal to the Supreme Court, which on two previous occasions has refused to review the case. The court al- most never changes its mind in such circumstances. The 34, and Ethel, the word that the President had turned down their appeal in the death cell block at New York's Sing Sing Prison. They had no comment. They have insisted they are innocent. Their electrocution, originally set for Jan. 24, had been delayed by Judge Irving R. Kaufman while the presidential appeal was pend- ing. The judge's stay expires four days hence; he will then fix a new date for the death sentence to be carried out. Reds Lead Campaign If it is, the Rosenbergs will be the first American civilians to pay Senate bid to edge into the House's with their lives for the crime of traditionally exclusive right to start money bills through Con- gress. House leaders have indicated espionage against the U. S. That fact has figured largely in the world-wide propaganda cam- paign, sparked by Communists, to that they do not intend to bow to save' ftem. pickets paraded in ing a Democrat as head of the Senate-House atomic committee. They had expected Rep. Sterling Cole (R-NY) to become chairman of the committee by reason of seniority and rotation of the chair- manship between the Senate and the House. The last chairman was a senator, the late Brion McMahon Upon his death last July Rep. Durham vice "chair- man, became acting chairman. Acts as Chairman Durham still is acting as chair- man because the committee has been unable to agree on a new aead now that the Republicans lave taken over. Senators are packing Sen. Hickenlooper (R-Ia) "or the chairmanship and they are deadlocked with House members who insist Cole should get the job. The committee was set up in the GOP 80th Congress of 1947-48, with Hickenlooper as chairman. House members say the original inten-i tion was to rotate the chairman- of the White House. Others marched in New York's Times Square. In Paris, 400 Communists called at the U. S. Embassy to protest. The Daily Worker, Com- munist party paper in New York, ran a "Save the Rosenbergs" cam- paign. Some non Communists, too, thought the death sentence was too severe. Among these; Scientists Albert Einstein and Dr. Harold C. Urey, both of whom contributed to early work on the atomic bomb. Most of these appeals for clemen- cy were directed to Harry Tru- man, who did not get around to a decision, because the Justice De- partment was still studying the case, before he yielded the presi- dency to Eisenhower. Long Convalescence Seen for Pope Pius VATICAN CITY UP) The Vati- Ike Asked to Consider Move To Dump Chiang Sen. Ellender Seeks More Popular Chinese Leader By ERNEST B. VACCARO WASHINGTON (Si-Sea. Ellende D-La) today urged the Eisen lower administration to conside. asking the Chine.se Nationalists tc ret rid of Generalissimo Chiang Cai-shek as their leader- The Louisiana senator said th< j answer to the search for peace may well lie in "weaning the Chi nese on the mainland away from Russia" and in finding a Chinese leader "more popular than now head of the National ist government on Formosa. Ellender deplored the idea of a blockade of the Red Chinese coast or other militant steps against the mainland lest they draw the Chi- nese "further away from us anc closer to Russia." Ellender voiced his views in an interview as Chairman H. Alex- ander Smith (R-NJ) announced his Senate foreign relations sub- committee on Far Eastern policy will meet tomorrow for further questioning of Secretary of State Dulles. To Hear Dulles It will be Dulles' second appear- ance before senators this week. He assured the foreign relations com- mittee Monday, members said, that President Eisenhower's ad- ministration has no plan pending to blockade China, bomb Man- to spare churia or use the atomic bomb in Korea. These were some of the ques- of inno- tions raised in the wake of Eisen- lower's announcement, in his State of the Union message last week, that the United States Sev- enth Fleet will no longer "shield" fled China from attack by Chiang's rormosa forces. In a .speech prepared for House delivery today, Rep. Battle (D- Ala) proposed a "very compre- lensive check" by U. S. Navy brces, operating under United Na ions authority, of present efforts ,o embargo supplies to Communis; China. Battle wrote the law which re j quires that countries receiving U. S. assistance must not send vital materials to China, unless ex- empted by .the President. He said four other methods for blocking such shipments are now being tried. He said these should be re- viewed before further action is taken. A naval blockade, Battle said, would stop some shipments but would not end them all, since China could be supplied by land from Russia and neighboring Asi- atic countries. Partial Embargo So far as is known, he added, no major allies of the U. S. are permitting war material ship- ments to the Iron Curtain coun- tries. But he said the U. S. and Canada are the only nations which lave severed all trade ties with Red China. He listed four other embargoes Benson Opposes elie rams Agricultural Leaders swarmed through St. Paul auditorium hallways Wednesday night follow- ing a major policy address by Secretary of Agri- culture Ezra Taft Benson. Left to right, Secretary Benson; George M. Robertson, chairman of the agricultural committee of the Winona Association of Commerce, and Sen. Edward J. Thye. (Repub- lican-Herald photo) effect among America's ship between the Senate and the j can newspaper L'Osservatore Ro- House, arid that they yielded the mano implied today that the Pope's House right in 1949 to give the I recent illness will require a lengthy chair to McMahon, chief author of the Atomic Energy Act He held it until his death. convalescence. The newspaper said however, the Pontiff was recover- ing satisfactorily. now m allies: 1. An agreement not to send ships or strategic items to the So- viet bloc. 2. A U. N. resolution banning strategic shipments to Red China- 3. An almost complete embargo by Japan against exports to Com munist countries. 4. Arrangements to keep vita items sent to British Hong Kon and Portuguese Macau from bein transshipped to the Chinese in terior. Meanwhile, Chairman Saltonsta (R Mass) disclosed that Gen James A. Van Fleet will be aske to tell the Senate Armed Service Committee soon how he believe, an offensive can be conductei successfully in Korea." Laying down his Korean com raand this week, Van Fleet replie "certainly" when an Associates Press correspondent asked wheth er "a general offensive in Korea can be successful at this time." Provoo Found 5uilty of Four Acts of Treason NEW YORK Army Sgt. John David Provbo was con- victed last night of treason. He faces a sentence that could be anything from five years in prison to death for treachery while a prisoner of the Japanese during Mount Everest Climb Renewed LONDON British expedi- tion left today to make yet another attempt at scaling Mount Everest wind-swept foot peak in the Himalayas that never has been conquered. The party boarded the liner Strathedan at Tilbury. A Swiss team recently made an'unsuccess- ful attempt to scale the mountaia. U.S. Ship Limps To Japan After Putting Out Fire TOKYO American pas- sengers, including seven women, and two injured crewmen were taken off the burning freighter President Pierce today after an explosion rocked the vessel about 100 miles southeast of Yokohama. Late reports said the crippled Dwight Eisenhower, wife of the Presi- dent, posed on White House steps with wives of cabinet officers and other high officials. Left to right: (first with departments husbands head: Mrs. Martin Durkin, Labor; Mrs. Douglas McKay, Interior; Mrs. Richard Nixon, Vice Presi- dent; Mrs. Eisenhower; Mrs. Charles E. Wilson, Mrs. Herbert Brownell Jr., Justice; and Mrs. Harold E. Stassen, Mutual Security. Back row: Mrs. Sinclair Weeks, Commerce; Mrs. George M. Humphrey, Treasury; Mrs." Oveta Culp Hobby, who is Federal Security Administrator; Mrs. Sherman Adams, assistant to the President; Mrs. Arthur E. Summerfield, 'Postoffice; Mrs. Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., United Nations 'delega- tion; and Mrs. Joseph M. Dodge, Budget.' (AP Wirephoto) hama, escorted by two U. S. Navy ships. Fire that damaged three of its holds was extinguished after a battle that lasted several hours. The Navy said it had- no details on other possible injured, what caused the explosion and fires, or how the flames were extinguished. At least two of the passengers were service wives en route to join their husbands in Japan. They were identified as Mrs. Shirley Collins, wife of Lt, Loree Collins, Orange, N. J., and Mrs. Suzanne Haight, wife of Ens. War- ren Haight, Santa Rosa, Calif. It was not reported what had caused the explosion. World War II A Federal Court jury found him guilty of four overt acts of treason. It was unable to agree on three other treason allegations. The good looking, tall and square jawed veteran pale and tense as the court clerk read the jury's findings in detail. Judge Sregory F, Noonan scheduled a learing on defense motions and sentencing for next Tuesday. The 35-year old defendant was taken :o the Federal House of Detention. Partly Responsible One of the charges" on which _ _ Provoo was convicted was that be (ship" of "the" AmerFcaiT'President was at least partly responsible for Lines was limping toward Yoko- the death of a fellow prisoner of war, Army Capt. Burton C. Thom- son of Swea City, la. Thomson was executed by the Japanese on "lorregidor after Provoo who was n favor with the prison camp com- manders, reported him as unco- operative and anti-Japanese. The jury of seven women and five men also found Provoo guilty of offering his services to the Japanese captors and of making two radio broadcasts from Tokyo during the war. The charges on which the jury was unable to agree were that Provoo tried to persuade an Amer- ican colonel to give a U. S. Army code to the Japanese; that he seized a pair of boots from a fel- low prisoner and gave them to the Japanese; and that he joined the Japanese in questioning a fellow American prisoner for the purpose of discovering where the U, S. forces on The Philippines had hid- den silver bullion. Just Verdict The judge told the jurors: believe in my conscience that thi verdict at which you have arrivet is justified by the evidence." The defense had called Provoo and 34 other witnesses to back its contention that he remained loya :o the United States after his cap :ure but had courted the favor of the, Japanese so as to be in a josition to get extra food and other jenefits for his- fellow prisoners The defense also contended that Provoo's propaganda broadcasts 'or the Japanese were made after ie had become convinced that re- 'usal would lead to his execution. Korea Get Armored Shorts WESTERN FRONT, Korea The U. S. Eighth Army today is- ued armored shorts to a frontline infantry division. If they prove radical they may become stand- rd equipment. The shorts, made of 12 layers of asket-weave nylon, weigh four ounds. They are tacked to the armored ests which have been in use in iorea for a year. The shorts offer same protection to the hip rea which the vest gives the tomach. chest and back. j Russia Breaks Off Relations With Israel By EDDY GILMORE MOSCOW The Soviet Union broke off diplomatic relations with Israel. Wednesday night and the eight adults and one child at the Israeli legation here began packing at once to leave Moscow. The Soviets acted, a government note to Israel said, because of the bomb explosion at the Soviet lega- tion in Tel Aviv, Israel's capital, on Monday. The note, which Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Vishinsky landed to Israel's minister here, Samuel Eliashev, accused Israeli government leaders of inciting hostile action against the Soviet Jnion. Envoy Recalled The Soviet government, the note concluded, "recalls th.- envoy of Soviet Union and personnel of :he Soviet legation (at Tel breaks off relations with the Israeli government, states that New Secretary Not 'Stampeded' By Beef Drop But Assures Farmers Support of Prices Will Be Continued By FRED LEIGHTON Republican-Herald Farm Editor ST. PAUL Secretary of Agri- culture Ezra Taft Benson Wednes- day night enunciated a farming program for the nation which pledges the continuance of farm, price supports to assure "stability of income" to farmers but express- ly disavows any "relief programs" to help farmers do "what they could and should do for them- selves." Speaking in the St. JPaul auditor- ium to more than delegates to the Central Livestock Associa- ;ion, world's largest agency of its type, the new agricul- ;ure secretary made it clear he las refused to be "stampeded" in- to hasty action aimed at offsetting irice he last month. He told his listeners in his first major policy address since appoint- ment as the country's agriculture chief, "The farm people of the country, I am convinced, should expect sound and constructive help 'rom the Department of Agricul- ure, and that we propose to give them. There will be no blanket promises to embark on actions which -we have neither the -author- ity to invoke nor the means to implement." He reminded the livestock producers, your part, can contribute stability to farm prices by orderly marketing and an exhibition of confidence and co-operation." If the banqueting livestock men and their wives expected to hear news from the agriculture secre- tary calculated to rock the farm- ing world to its foundations they were disappointed. Secretary Ben- son gave an even-tempered, care- fully-phrased address obviously de- signed to reassure the farming world at a moment when it has been shaken by an alarming price slump. .He went out on no limbs. 'Great Decisions' He said, "The numerous pro- the further stay in Moscow of the Sra.ms and great decisions for Israeli legation is impossible, and demands that the personnel of the legation leave the Soviet Union without delay." The Soviets said three Russians, including the wife of Soviet Minis- ter Pavel I. Yershov, were injured in the explosion. (The note made no mention of the legation cook, Sofia Vana, was the only cas- ualty still reported in a serious condition Wednesday.) The note turned aside subse- quent explanations and apologies by the Israeli government and ac- cused it of falsehoods, double deal- ing, air', a "systematic fanning of hatred and enmity toward the So- which the secretary agriculture has been given responsibility are almost unbelievable. The magni- tude and import .of the decisions he is required to make are humbl- ing indeed, if not overwhelming. The Congress, through bi-partisan legislation aimed to benefit agri- culture, has provided' far-reaching machinery pertaining to farm credit, research, marketing and price supports. "It is our duty to administer faithfully these laws, not alone for the protection of the farmers, but for the good of all the people. We are firm in pur resolve to do this." After outlining President Eisen- The American President Linelviet Union and an incitement to bower's agricultural nhilixsnnliv in freighter was en route from San hostile actions against the Soviet public uttSes durinTfte tn VnVnhsme, TTninn puouc utterances curing tne pres- Francisco to Yokohama with nine passengers and abou': 52 crewmen. She carried general cargo. A radio message from the ton Pierce said "numerous burns" were sustained, apparently by crewmen. Union. Israeli police were accused of conniving in the bombing. The unknown terrorists who set off the blast were denounced after the attack by Israel's Premier David for a "dastardly act" which, he said, reflected on the honor of the state of Israel. idential campaign and immediate- ly following the President's inaug- uration, Benson reviewed pro- nouncements by Joseph M. Dodge, director of the Bureau of the Budg- et, and by his own department (Continued on Page 7, Column 2.) BENSON The U. S. Navy Reported Today that the flash fire and explosion aboard the American President Line freighter, President Pierce, above, off southeast coast of Japan has been extinguished. Damaged ship is being escorted to Tokyo. (AP Wirephoto via radio from Tokyo to The Repub- Jican-Herald)
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