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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 11, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Colder Tonight, Mostly Cloudy, Colder Thursday The Nation This Week Salutes All Boy Scouts VOLUME 52, NO. 303 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 11, 1953 TWENTY PAGES arqo on ons Shown Above Is The Wreckage left after an artificial gas explosion in Fayetteville, N. C., Tues- day afternoon at the home of Mrs. R. B. Jones, re- tired school teacher. Mrs. Jones died and a 17- year-old boy was injured in the blast. The explo- sion occurred after city workers had upset the gas line that extended under the house. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) State Livestock Board Napping, Solon Charges Submits Resolution Blasting Handling Of Bangs Disease By ADOLPH E. JOHNSON ST. PAUL W) A northwestern Minnesota farm area senator ac- cused the Livestock Sanitary board today of "napping." Sen. Norman Larson, Ada, sub- mitted a resolution criticizing the board for its handling of the Bangs disease control program. Bangs [disease is one affecting livestock. Tax Cut to Get Committee OK By CHARLES BARRETT WASHINGTON Eisenhower administration evidently has accepted politely a decision by Republicans on the House Ways and Means Committee to vote for early action to reduce income taxes. Informed sources said today that Treasury officials made it clear to committee members, at a private dinner meeting last night, that TODAY Victory in China Will Be Costly By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON the Con gres.s lightheartedly votes for an Invasion of Communist China, it will be wise to ponder a few dreary, sober facts- The fact that invasion has been tried before might be considered first of all. The story of the attack on Yunnan Province was hushed up with re- markable success, but it certainly deserves to be told now. In brief, Yunnan, in the remote Chinese southwest, has always been the most independent of the great Chinese provinces. It was the last to be added to the Chinese Empire, by Kublai Khan. It was the last to be occupied by the Chinese Com- munists. It was, and is, compara- tively lightly held by the Red Ar- my. When the Chinese Communists entered Yunnan, an intact Chinese Nationalist Army of about men escaped across the border into the trackless mountains p North Burma and northern Thai! and. This army, commanded by the well known Nationalist Gen eral, Li Mi, was thereafter supplied by air from Formosa. The clandes tine air supply system was set up with the assistance of our Centra Intelligence Agency. Gravely Misled In the summer of 1951, Chianj Kai-shek's intelligence analysts ant their American collaborators were apparently gravely misled. At any rate, Gen. Li Mi's army was or dered to march back into Yunnan Province, still with C.I.A. assist ance. The attempt was made late in the summer, with catastrophic results. A large part of Li Mi's army was destroyed or scattered, and several American liaison officers were lost The remnant of Li Mi's forces was routed and took refuge again in the North Burma mountains where the General and about 000 of his troops remain to this day. The Burman and British gov- ernments got wind of the adventure and all but exploded. The American Ambassador to Rangoon resigned in protest. And Secretary of State Dean G. Acheson took a deep breath, and boldly denied that the American government had any share in what had happened. Strictly Propaganda The Chinese Nationalist claim that there are "a million and a half anti-Communist guerillas" is strictly propaganda, and for public consumption only. When talking business with official American representatives, Chiang Kai-shek people have recently claimed no more than guerrillas. Amer- ican experts use an even smaller estimate, because of the many signs that the Chinese- Communists have been grimly efficient in stamping out guerrilla movements everywhere- Even intelligence is hard to get. Many teams have been lost. Many villages have been wip- ed off the face of the earth be- (Continued on Page 8, Column 7) ALSOPS they will neither support nor op- Ipose right now a tax-cutting drive led by Rep. Reed Earlier yesterday, at a caucus, GOP members of the tax-writing committee were reliably reported to have decided to. vote next Mon- day in favor of Chairman Reed's bill to reduce individual income tax rates 10 per- cent starting June 30. Persons who attended last night's dinner, asking not to be named, said Treasury officials suggested they would have liked the commit- tee to delay action until Treasury specialists have more time to sur- vey prospects for federal revenue and spending. Administration spokesmen were said to have accepted the commit- tee members' decision as "one of the facts of life." The meeting was said to have been "pleasant and harmonious." Eisenhower and the Treasury have called for .spending cuts and a near-balanced budget before taxes are cut- Administration spokesmen, how- ever, were said to have told the GOP committee members last night that they are just as anxious as congressmen to cut taxes. The only conflict, these sources said, was over timing of action on the Reed bill. The administration was said to be hoping the House Rules Com- mittee will stall the proposal for about two months. Whether Reed Gales Threaten New Floods at North Sea Area He saw 12 otto states _ T fnliH TTJtil iiiVian I C Governor Opposes State Sales Tax ST. PAUL Anderson made it clear today that he is opposed to a state sales tax. In reply to a letter from a tax- payer at Red Wing, Gov. Anderson wrote: "It is my sincere feeling that there is no necessity of a sales tax at this time. The budget for the next biennium shouldn't be enough greater to warrant a new tax. Slight rate adjustments in existing taxes can take care of financing the budget." Speaking to 23 senators Tuesday night at a dinner meeting, one of a series at which he is entertaining legislators, Gov. Anderson "L am definitely opposed to a sales tax." In explaining his legislative pro- gram and budget proposals, Ander- using a combination of methods, in- T submitted eluding calfhood vaccination, have I e bud.gf 1 carefully searched hppn TTim-o in orsdiV-iHnu 'the possible sources of new revenue to the increased costs. The sources I suggested to you (iron mining occupation and royalty and one phase of the program, whia he referred to as the "test and slaughter" program. He said in some cases livestoci raisers are forced to slaughter cat tie because they still carry in thei blood traces of vaccine. Many such cattle never will clear a Bangs disease he said. TO I I Specifically, the Larson resolu LONDON Gales threatened! tion asks that the board be in new floods around North Sea coast-1 structed to officially recognize and al areas today while heavy snows incorporate in its program for snarled up other sections of Bri-1 Bangs disease eradication the calf the disease than lower costs. 'Test and Slaughter' beer tax increases) were toe most Larson was especially critical o President Eisenhower Shook Hands with Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith, great-grandson of the Civil War President, as a Lincoln Day Committee called on him at the White House today. Left to right in the background: Mrs. C.' D. Kearns, Rep. George A. Don- dero, and Rep. John M. Robinson, Eisenhower holds a portfolio presented to him by the committee. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) tain and Northern Europe. Ships were locked in harbors by heavy winds that started Tuesday. The big American liner United States sailed for New York from the French port of Le Havre today after being kept there by violent winds in the English channel. Renewed winds along Britain's 1 hood vaccination program, recom mended by the national brucellosis committee for non-dairy herds. "As long as six years saic Larson, "I introduced a bill for the calfhood vaccination plan. Although the measure was not pushed be- cause some thought it was top wide open, I received what I tnought East Coast spurred thousands of assurances from Dr Ralpl iroops and volunteers to toil secretary of the board, that aome other committee bers would agree not to against such a delay remained to be seen. Reed'.s bill would give some 50 million taxpayers an average 10 per cent cut in their income tax rates starting June 30. Payroll withholdng taxes would drop from the present 20 per cent to 18 per cent. Such a cut is scheduled Dec. 31 under present laws. Congressional staff specialists estimate advanc- ing the reduction by six months would cost in revenue for the fiscal year starting July 1. The Eisenhower administration is said to feel this loss in reyenue would make it very difficult, if not impossible, for the new President to balance his first full fiscal budg- prime goal of the President. Reed has insisted the budget can be balanced under his bill. Committee approval of the Reed j bill on Monday could make it eligi-1 ble for House floor action immedi- j ately. House rules permit the ways and means committee to bypass the rules committee, with some conditions. harder at sand-bagging the big gaps torn in Southeastern sea .valls by the disastrous floods of 11 days ago. They raced against ie threat of high spring tides ex- pected Friday. Ike May Wipe Out Controls In One Sweep By WILLIAM 0. VARN WASHINGTON Ml The Eisen- hower administration was reported today to have decided against a proposal to wipe out all remain- ing price controls with a .single sweeping order, and instead on continuing step-by-step decontrol. Closely connected with the de- control plans was a report that James F. Brownlee, New York in- vestment banker and former dep- uty director of the wartime Office of Price Administration was likely to accept a post as gov- ernment consultant to direct the abolition of price ceilings. A government .source, who asked that his name not be used, said the decision against immediate general decontrol was reached only late yesterday and that ac- ceptance by Brownlee of the con- he would co-operate on the pro- gram. But Minnesota has not kepi pace with other states." Health of Public Larson emphasized that the health of the public is the first consider- ation in any such program. He said the matter is expected to come up for discussion at a meeting of the Minnesota Livestock Breeders association here Thurs- day. On Tuesday, the House passed by a 90-15 vote and sent to the Senate a bill to empower the state liquor control commissioner to suspend operations of store for up a municipal liquor to 30 days if an employe is convicted of a liquor law violation. Also given final approval was a measure to designate the Red or Norway pine, as the Minnesota state tree. A companion bill is ready for final vote in the Senate. St. Louis Fire Claims 4 Lives ST. LOUIS W Four persons were killed and nine injured today in a pre-dawn rooming house fire in West St. Louis. There were 17 men lodgers in ;he three-story frame building when flames broke out. Some escaped v-tLJ uaiil_W U J 4J1 V YV-U1CC Ui. L11C tUll" j j j_iT- J sultant post would mean it Jumping from second and third 1 story windows. The dead were identified as James Walters, 21, St. James, Mo., James Dees, 35, Belleville, 111., Lawrence Roan, 40, St. Louis, and Theodore Koerner, 41, Ellsinore, advisable in my opinion. "I told you, too, that if you have any better suggestions, I have an open mind and will be willing to receive such suggestions. I do want to say, though, that I am definitely opposed to a sales tax." Duluth Civil War Vet 106 Number Getting Old Age Benefits Drops By JACK B. MACKAY ST. PAUL For the first time since 1947, the number of persons in Minnesota receiving old age assistance decreased during the 1951-52 fiscal year, F. W. Nichols, acting director of social welfare, reported to Gov. Anderson. The drop occurred although the number of aged persons in the state's population has been increas- ing both in number of persons 65 years of age and older, and in proportion to the population as a whole, Nichols pointed out. "The drop in the number of persons receiving old age as- sistance is due in part, to the large number of aged people becoming eligible for old age and survivors insurance, in part to the large number of persons reaching age 65 with adequate income of their own, and in part to the tight labor market which has enhanced job opportunities for the Nichols explained. 'Justly Proud' By HERB COLEMAN DULUTH, Minn. Wool- son, above, Civil War drummer )oy, was up bright and early this morning shoveling his front side- walk for company coming to heip him celebrate his 106th birthday. When neighbors caDed to him to 'take it he dismissed their warnings with a wave of the hand and shouted back: "I do this all the not m my After the walk was shoveled, he dressed up in his Civil War uniform and got down to the serious busi- iess of celebrating his birthday. By midmorning he had received more than cards, including [reelings from Gov. C. Elmer An- erson and Carl Gray Jr., Veterans Administration director. Woolson is getting used to being ,n institution in the Lake Superior tort city of Duluth. One of two surviving veterans f the Union Army, he's as popu- ar an institution as Duluth's J Nichols pointed out to Gov. Aad- Minnesota is "justly proud" of its pioneer program of finding adoptive homes wherever possible for every child who needs .such protection, Nichols report said, adding: "The best service a child can receive is that combination of ser- vices which will enable him to grow up normally in his own home. Toward this end, the family and child welfare agencies, both public and voluntary, are emphasizing skilled casework when children and parents are still together, to diagnose family trouble and pre- vent separation of children from their parents." But, despite emphasis in the child welfare field, according to Nichols, "we will have a long way to go in development of fully ade- Burnquist Rejects Proposal for State Claims Commission PAUL Ml Attorney Gen- eral Burnquist turned thumbs down today on a proposal to set up a state claims commission, at least in the present form -of the proposal. Senator William Dahlquist, Thief River Falls, author of a bill to set up the commission, said he would prepare amendments to correct de- ficiencies, the attorney general pointed out. Claims against the state now are presented to the Legislature in the form of bills and considered by special committees during long hearings while the Legislature is m session. The Dahlquist proposal calls for a special commission to pass upon claims. The commission would be composed of two members named by the Legislature, two by the Su- preme Court and one by the gov- ernor. In submitting his proposal to the attorney general, Dahlquist, chair- man of the Senate Sub-committee on claims, raised three questions. He asked whether the Legislature can direct the Supreme Court and governor to name members to confirmed. Brownlee was recalled into gov- ernment service in 1950 to help set up the Office of Price Stabiliza- tion The controls law dies April 30, jut Eisenhower used his authority to start an earlier termination of controls. Wage and salary ceilings and a number of price controls already have been wiped out. Mo. Fire Chief Walter Kammann said the fire started on the second floor of the building from defective wir- ling. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Cloudy and colder tonight with snow end- ing early tonight. Mostly cloudy tonight and Thursday. A lit- ie colder Thursday. Low tonight 24, high Thursday 28. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 bours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 34; minimum, 25; noon, 31; precipitation, .26 (2 hches sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 32 at p. m. Mesday, min. 30 at noon Tuesday. >Joon ceiling, 50 foot obscuration with light driz- le and fog, visibility miles, wind 10 miles per hour from west, Bill Transfer Public Housing Power ST- PAUL Mi Present public housing authorities in a number of cities in the state would be abolished, and their powers and duties transferred to the mayors and city councils under a bill intro- duced in the Minnesota Legislature today. Sponsors of the bill are Sens. B. G. Novak, St. Paul; Raymond Julkowski, Minneapolis, and Hans Pedersen, Ruthton; and Reps. Clar- ence Langley, Red Wing; Emil Ernst, Lester Prairie; H. P. Good- in, Minneapolis; Sheldon Beanblos- som, St. Paul, and Ernest Wind- miller, Fergus Falls. The proposal, the authors said in a joint statement, will eliminate overlapping governmental units and reduce costs by having housing and slum clearance work done by
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