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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 7, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy Tonight And Sunday, Temperature Same Help Your Heart Fund Help Your Heart VOLUME 52, NO. 300 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 7, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGES U.S. to Ask More Help in Korea Nation Shifting Back To Free Market Policy By NORMAN WALKER WASHINGTON nation was shifting back to a free-market little immediate Two Stores Burn economy today amid predictions there will be change in living costs. I i Merchants across the nation generally applauded President senhower's orders lifting many government controls. They said consumer prices won't change j much. Eisenhower, carrying out MINNEAPOLIS Interiors of two stores in Northeast Minn- eapolis were burned out Friday a j night in a blaze that saw four fire' I pledge he made last Monday to men overcome by smoke two se- enou Martin Kohn, left, and Helen Lippman, both of Philadelphia, Pa., display new lightweight armored vests now in production by a sportswear company in Philadelphia for civilian use. The seven-pound, twelve-ounce vest, similar to armor units now be- ing used by Marines in Korea, is made of fibrous glass plates encased in nylon cover. Though not bullet proof, the vest is said to reduce severity of direct bullet hits. It is being offered for sale to hunters, bank guards and policemen. (AP Wirephoto to The'Republican-Herald) New Armored Vest Offered to Civilians By LEE LINDER PHILADELPHIA hunter, the bank guard and the bandit- chasing policeman will soon get a. chance to wear body armor simi- lar to the type .now protecting Marine and Army personnel fight- ing in Korea. Armor Specialties Corp. affiliak TODAY Taxes Acid Test of Ike Leadership By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON Taxes can hardly help but be the acid test of the Eisenhower administration. This is because President Eisen- hower and his associates have got to choose and choose among only three tax policies, all of which are supremely unattrac- tive. The first choice is to abandon all but the pretense of a creative foreign policy, and to dismantle the national saving enough to balance the budget while reducing taxes. The second choice is to spend what is needed on foreign and defense programs, while yielding to the tremendous pressure for tax insuring budget deficits of truly reckless proportions. The third choice is to economize where economy is safe, and to keep taxes at the existing high levels working toward (but even so not immediately achiev- ing) an approximately balanced budget. Face Reality It can be said on highest author- ity that the leaders of the new Administration have already lost their fond campaign-time hopes that they could have their cake and eat it too. They know, now, that low taxes, a balanced budget, and reasonable security amid the perils of a world half-way at war, cannot possibly be combined. It can further be said on the same high authority that the men who carry the most ident Eisenhower himself and the ed with L. W. Foster Sportswear, Inc., of Philadelphia, disclosed yesterday it has started a produc- tion on a lightweight armored vest "for the civilian." Only Firm Up to now Foster has fabricated thousands of the vest armor units for the Marines. It is the only firm manufacturing this equipment. Howard S. Foster, production manager, said the vest "will stop all buckshot pellets, and most low velocity shells and "It is not bullet he em- phasized, "though it can and has reduced the severity of direct bullet hits. The Marine? claim it has lowered battle casualties." He said the vest to be offered to the public is "similar to but not identical with" the one for the armed, forces. The garment, weighing 7 pounds, 12 ounces, is fabricated of fiberous glass con- cave plates which fit around the upper trunk of the body. They are encased in a water-repellent light- weight nylon outside covering. Nylon Material A special heavy, cord-like nylon material, also capable Of stopping shell fragments and buckshot, is built around the of the glass permit flexi- ble and comfortable wearing. "We are planning to produce a complete line of this armor in sev- eral Foster said. "The vest is first, then we will have a gar- ment with sleeves." The company plans an advertis- ing campaign next month designed to "interest the hunter and the policeman." Foster added: "The armor will not be sold indiscriminately and we will record every sale made." The vest will sell for Dulles Continues European Defense Survey in Belgium BRUSSELS, Belgium Wl John Foster Dulles arrived in Belgium today to continue his survey of European defense planning buoyed by finding that West Eu- in pulling away curbs on prices. More price ceilings are to be can- celed gradually until all are out of the way by April 30. Among thousands of items re- moved from price control on Ei- senhower's orders are all meat, clothing, furniture, restaurant meals, bar and tavern drinks, and virtually all articles sold in de- partment stores. Controls remain for the time being on such things as milk, bread, cigarets, cosmetics, and large household appliances such as stoves and refrigerators. But these may be included in another big decontrol package due next week. Can Keep Prices Down j Senate Approves Smith, Conant For Top Posts By JOE HALL WASHINGTON UP) The Senate jnow has completed approval of I President Eisenhower's first squad of top-level appointees to guide the nation's foreign policy. Gen. Walter Bedell Smith as under secretary of state, No. 2 man in the department, and James B. Conant as high commissioner to West Germany won approval on voice votes Friday night. Previously confirmed were John Foster Dulles as secretary of, state; Harold E. Stassen as mutual j costs increase security director; Henry Cabotj Some economists have continued Lodge Jr. as Permanent represen-1 to predict price rises costing as tative to toe United Nations; and much as a billion dollars in the Thruston B. Morton and Carl Me- next six months Cardie as assistant secretaries of in the other direction, sagging c beef cattle and other farm product Conant s nomination brought a prices have caused fears of reces- minor flurry of floor opposition ,sion to be voiced in Congress Friday night but only two or three Sen. Kerr (D-Okla) senators voted no." Sen. McCar- a bill yesterday that would direct i to Communist prisoners held on Paint Co. anc shortly before midnight. Reynold Malmquist, the fire chief, set loss at Families Not Permitted to Write POW's Associated Press in a 20-city sur- vey said generally they can keep Korean and Chinese Communists ed le from witi are now unless materials and labor Red prisoners of war in U. N. camps seven months ago. These officers said they were given no explanation why families of Red prisoners had to stop writ- ing. From Dec. when the first prisoner of war mail was ex- changed here, until last July, the Reds turned over to Allied postal officers letters for delivery Flood Wafers Receding Slowly From Holland Nation Alone Has Dead, 433 On Single Island By HENK KERSTING AMSTERDAM waters receded steadily today from the disaster 'regions of Holland as thousands of workers toiled to re- build the little kingdom's riddled dikes her front line defense against the ever-threatening sea. The sorrowing nation's death toll from the storm that also hit neighboring Belgium and also Brit- ain mounted to as the sea washed up several more bodies in the stricken southwestern prov- inces. Hardest hit was Goeree- Overflakkee Island with 433 dead. The three-nation death toll rose to Britain counted 546 dead and Belgium 23. Filling the storm-scoured breaks in the Netherlands' dikes before next week's spring tides is the biggest task facing an army of emergency workers. All Work Toiling shoulder to shoulder on the immense task was every fit man who could be spared from ravaged villages, troops both Part of Strategy To End Stalemate By FRANCIS W. CARPENTER UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. United States today was re- ported shaping up an emphatic call on its U. N. allies for mort help in Diplomatic sources here familiar with U. S. policy inilicated such a move would be part of the new grand strategy being worked out by the Eisenhower administra- tion for ending the Korean conflict. The reports circulated here shortly after the U. N. released a survey that declared a quick aid and investment program were necessary to save war-ravaged South Korea. It added that black marketing and illegal profiteering were rife in the em- Ike Won't Tip Hand on Moves In Far East of student volunteers. By JACK BELL WASHINGTON Eisen tower administration stood pat to- day against Democratic demands for a public accounting of how much, if at all, the U. S. will sack up any Nationalist raids on Red China. But GOP leaders promised Dem- ocratic members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee con- fidential answers to some of their questions when Secretary of State Dulles returns from Europe. Administration supporters lined up solidly behind Sen. Knowland (R-Calif) who told the Senate yes- terday that it would be "the height volunteers. jh d j, E t Hollanders in dire distress and rto son. might oppose Conant, was not present. It had been planned to hold Con-ant's name over for a week but the GOP Senate leadership decided to push it through at the request of the White House. The administration wanted to fill the post of high commissioner to West Germany at once to press for German ratification of the peace contract and of the six-country treaty setting up a joint army in Western ot Agriculture Benson to use up to 25 million dollars of Commodity Credit Corporation funds to support cattle prices at 100 per cent of parity. Sen. Capehart said he thought the administration was being inconsistent in dropping economic controls at home while threatened with conflict abroad, unless a standby controls program is set up. Otherwise, the banking committee chairman told a radio audience he approves Eisenhower's isiano. ana in mner u. POW camps. Since July, no mail has come through for Allied-held prisoners. The Reds also appear to be discouraging Allied prisoners from writing home. In a mail exchange Thursday, the Allied postal officer handed the Communists letters from families of U. N. soldiers to Allied prisoners in camps in North Korea. The Communists delivered 10 letters from Allied prisoners to their families. misery still held out on water- encircled sand dunes on Schouwen- Duiveland Island. They were with- out public services and probably without food and medicine. The government said they and others in a similar plight would be removed by Tuesday. The mammoth evacuation operation, already trailing off, would then be completed. Fire trucks from all over Hol- land have been working alongside regular sea-water pumps in draw- ing water from land turned into a sodden sponge. Already millions of gallons of flood waters have been poured back into rivers and canals. Wilt Repair Homes A spokesman of the Ministry of Social Affairs said refugees will be able to return to their repaired homes "within a few months" in most areas. Some, however, will have to wait much longer. The evacuation of refugees will interfere with municipal elections scheduled for next May, and dis- cussions are going on between gov- ernment and local authorities to solve the problem. Meanwhile, the Social .Affairs Ministry has announced that a 1945 law for war victims will be ex- tended to flood s'ufferers. .Under it, the government will pay evacuees 90 per cent of their last known incomes. Tens of thousands of refugees are making the best of it in im- provised reception centers. Fifty babies were born the past few days in hastily organized mater- nity wards center. Knowland, chairman of the Sen- ate Republican Policy Committee, rejected a demand by Sen. Spark- man (D-Ala) that President Eisen- (Continued on Page 14, Column 3.) EISENHOWER battled nation. There also were indications that diplomatic experts were studying a possible blockade of Red China. Some sources said, however, there was little chance of such a move although there might be a widen- ing of economic restrictions now in effect; Some U. N. members would not approve a blockade and there is doubt in other circles that it would be completely effective, these sources declared. The American government it known last year in the U. N. Assembly in Paris that it desired more help in Korea. Almost noth- ing happened, for other countriei answered they were doing all they could. But this year, the diplomatic sources said, the new administra- tion in Washington is laying down in straight terms what it expects the U. N. partners to do. In some cases, it was pointed out, the language must be sugar-coated to save national- pride but there is a feeling here that the U. S. has decided to put the issue squarely up to its allies. in one emergency impressive new Secretary of the rope's leaders generally believe a Treasury, George place national security first, budg- et balancing second, and tax re- ductions third in their system of priorities. Hence it is at least an even bet that Eisenhower and his advisers will choose the third of the ugly alternatives set forth above. They will then have to ask Congress to keep all existing taxes on the books for the time being. Icing on the Cake No one, it must bo added, can accurately forecast the Congres- sional reaction to such an explo- sive request. What insures a Con- gressional explosion of maximum force is a peculiar quirk in the existing situation. In brief, Con- gress can insure massive tax re- ductions simply by sitting with hands folded, but must stand up and be counted in favor of taxes in order to keep government revenue at the present level. This is because the levies which, so to speak, provide the icing on the government tax cake, all ex- pire in the next 34 months. The (Continued on Page 9, Column 3.) ALSOPS common army offers the most ef- fective guarantee of peace and security. President Eisenhower's big four- engine plane brought the U. S. secretary of state and American foreign aid chief Harold Stassen here after a brief flight from flood- devastated ..Holland, In a departing statement before he left Holland, Dulles told news- men that he and Stassen "have been encouraged to find that here, as well as in the other capitals we have visited, the concept of a European Defense Community within the framework of the Atlan- tic community is regarded by your leaders and your people, as it is by ours, as the most effective way to ensure peace and security for us The secretary's seven-nation tour of key West European capitals was planned to spur action on the agging European army plan. He .hus far has visited Rome, Paris, London, Bonn and The Hague and )lans to continue on Sunday to Luxembourg before returning to Washington. One Mm Was Killed and- seven others injured Friday when an explosion wrecked a nearly-completed addition to the Neveln Grade School, Austin, Minn. Tpp picture shows how glass was blown from many windows and (below) the concrete floor was cracked and in placet fdl into the -basement (AP Photos) Blast Blamed on Leaky Gas Main AUSTIN, Minn. W) A leaky gas main was Warned today for a blast that wrecked the Neveln School addition here Friday to in- jure eight workmen, one of them fatally. Howard Thomas, St. Peter, a deputy Minnesota fire marshal, and John Tobar, Austin fire chief, said gas leaked into the building through a storm sewer from a break in the main at an inter- section near the school. The gas was ignited by the flash of a breaking electric bulb on an ixtension cord used by the work- men. George E. Spicer, 36, St. Paul, one of the men putting finishing ouches on the building, died in a lospital shortly after the explosion. ?he seven other injured are re- covering. Grade and kindergarten classes cere to have started Monday in he new addition, under construc- tion now for about a year. Lee Vocker, architectural super- isor, said the structure would iave to be razed and started all ver again. A government spokesman said the Air Force will kill off with machine guns thousands of ma- rooned livestock if they cannot be saved within the next couple of days "but every effort will be made to rescue them by other means." Cattle Drown Burning the carcasses of thou- sands of drowned cattle has been one of the big jobs facing workers trying to get the country back on its feet. Some of the Amer- ican troops working in Holland are helping with the cremations, aimed at preventing possible epi- demics. All the Americans have been inoculated against typhoid. The saddened nation prepared" ceremonies for tomorrow to mark a day of national mourning for flood victims. In Britain, nearly troops and thousands of volunteers worked today on breaks in sea and river walls along a 200-mile stretch of the country's battered east coast. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Consider- able cloudiness tonight, becoming partly cloudy Sunday. No import- ant change in temperature. Low tonight 24, high Sunday 35. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 34; minimum, 26; noon, 31; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 32 at p. m. Fri- day, min. 29 at noon Friday. Noon readings clouds overcast at 500 feet, visibility 15 miles, wind six miles per hour from west, barometer 29.81 steady, humidity 88 per'cent. Yugoslavia, Turkey, Greece to Draft Balkan Peace Pact Yugoslavia Foreign Minister Stephen Stephanopoulos said tonight bis country, Yugoslavia and Turkey have arranged a meeting in late this draft a "Little Three" Balkan pact of friendship and alliance. His disclosure came during a news conference after Yugoslavia and Greece jointly issued a communique reporting progress in the work of getting together with Tur- key on a formal agreement against the threat of Russian aggression. Stephanopoulos said fno decision had been reached yet on when the pact will be signed after its terms have been agreed upon. He said the emphasis in the agreement would be upon the political con- ditions, but added that "military talks will continue parallel to the political ones." Stephanopoulos said the military talks constitute "a new stage" in the defensive consultations which have been going on for .several weeks now among the military leaders of the three countries. In response to a question, he said the three power pact would not be an exclusive one, and would be "open to anyone who wants to to those against aggression." The Greek foreign minister con- tended such pact would not con- flict either with the United Na- tions or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. On the contrary, he expressed the belief that the Bal- kan agreement would strengthen NATO. Two Masked Bandits Escape With MINNEAPOLIS masked bandits escaped with an estimated Friday night after holding up the Centre Liquor Store at sub- urban Hopkins. The pair entered shortly after closing time through an unlocked rear door and forced Mike Engler, a part owner, a clerk and a cus- :omer to lie down on the floor while they fled. Eight-Year-Old Sylvia Mae Stone of San Bernardino, Calif., wants to please the photographer but she's a bit apprehensive about posing with this 25-pound "kitten." The "kitten" is a lynx, found on the desert near San Bernardino when he was just a few days old. Mark Swain, a photographer who found the animal and named him says' this wild cat, unlike some of his relatives, never loses his temper. A worried Sylvia figures there's always a first time. (AP Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald)
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