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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 4, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Partfy Cloudy And Warmer Tonight And Thursday Help Your Heart Fund Help Your Heart VOLUME 52, NO. 297 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 4, 1953 TWENTY-TWO PAOIS Bombers Asked for Chiang By JACK BELL RUSSELL BRINES WASHINGTON W> Sen. Fu bright (D-Ark) suggested toda the United States supply planes Formosa's Chinese Nationalists bomb Red China just as Russi is providing aircraft to the Reds Korea. Fulbright's proposal was mac in an interview as other Congres members defended against Britis criticism President Eisenhower' order to the Seventh Fleet to fre the Nationalists for attacks on th China mainland. Among these, Sen. Cooper (R a former representative to th United Nations, said he fears tha organization won't'do anything e! fective to end the Korean War. Least Dangerous "The British don't like it, but w have got to act ior ourselves in this Cooper said, "Presi dent Eisenhower's action is th least dangerous step we could tak right now that promises some re lief in Korea. Fulbright said he isn't familiar with the military necessities in volved, but feels that if the U. S transferred bombers to the Chinese Nationalist Air Force and helped train pilots for them, it might be possible to raid Red China's com- munication lines. "The Russians are furnishing planes and training pilots for the Communist Chinese in he said. "We certainly would have a precedent for such action." But he said he doesn't want any Americans involved in any such venture, adding that the planes should be transferred to Chiang Kai-shek's forces and piloted by his men. Representatives Short (R-Mo) and Richards (D-SC) said the House was in no mood to be in- fluenced by the British position. "The British are only trying to save Hong Kong and their com- mercial interests in said Richards, former chairman of the foreign affairs committee. "The sooner they realize this is a de- lusion, the better." Halfway Many congressmen, Richards added, "feel we have leaned over backwards long enough to meet Great Britain more than halfway." Short, chairman of the armed services committee, said he be- lieved the temper of the House was "to ignore what the British say." He added that "No. 10 Downing Street (residence of the British Prime Minister) has dictated too long to our State Department." Richards said he understood French officials "beneath the sur- face" favored the Formosa deci- sion, although their public com- ments have been somewhat guarded. He said the French were under "heavy pressure in Indo- china and want to see the Com- munists occupied somewhere else." Mrs. Mary Melichar and her invalid son, Sanford, shot to death Tuesday on their farm near Hutchtoson, Minn., are shown in this snapshot, taken in June, 1950. Mrs. Melichar's body was found in a silo and Sanford's was in bed, A coroner's jury held that Arthur Melichar, another son, killed Mrs. Melichar, Sanford and Rodney Mosel for no apparent reason. Carl Baumetz, a trucker, was criticaDy wounded. (AP Photo) Rodney Moiel European Flood Toll Up to AMSTERDAM, The Netherlands W-The death toll of Europe's most frightful storm and flood disaster since medieval days topped today as an international armada of planes and boats braved towering waves and near-freezing weather in the rescue of survivors. Some vessels and more than 125 planes rushed the evacua- tion of thousands of persons numbed by near-zero cold and suf fering from three days of isolated villages throughout _ Stenographer Named St. Paul Carnival Queen stricken Southwest "Holland. The raging waters subsided somewhat in Britain and Belgium but a thousand square miles of hit of the three buried under a blanket of deadening salt water. Damage was reckoned in uncal- culated millions of dollars. In Brit- ain more than 400 square miles flooded. In Brussels, newspa- per estimates placed Belgian toss- es in the neighborhood of 20 mil- lion dollars. May Exceed The final death toll in the disas- ter may exceed The latest count from official and the best available unofficial sources was: Holland, England, 377. Lost in ships at sea, 169. Belgium, 22. Total, An estimated persons were homeless, in Britain and in Holland. Thousands were believed still missing in the two countries. Bodie.s of four more Americans were recovered from their nomes on England's east coast today, raising the toll of known American dead to 15. Three others were 'till missing and presumed lost. Along with the desperate race to save persons still trapped in trees, attics, on dikes and otter surround- ed high places, workers faced the rim task of rebuilding dikes against the threat of coming high spring tides that might again force waters far inland. But help and offers of aid have poured into the stricken countries from afl over the world, along with messages of deepest sympathy. N0w Flood Threats New flood threats developed last aight in both Britain and HoDand. A new break in the dikes was re- ported at Rommel on the north coast of the twin Dutch islands of Goeree-Overflakke. Seas roared in- land through a hole 35 yards wide and five yards deep. Rommel has a population of In Britain, the Ouse River broke its banks in East Anglia. Homes in Watlingtan and St. Germans were evacuated and fears were ex- pressed that the city of Kings Lynn might be cut off. Many British towns reported that flooded sewers threatened a serious outbreak of disease. A vast rescue force, including ships, planes and men of the U. S., British, French and Canadian armed services moved swiftly to answer frantic pleas of help from flooded Dutch communities. i ST. PAUL W) An auburn- haired stenographer, picked from a field of 26 princesses, ruled today as queen of the St. Paul Winter Carnival. Carole O'Gary, 18, was tapped for the honor Tuesday night before a capacity crowd that attended cor- onation ceremonies in the Auditor- ium. She had been chosen as their princess by employes of the Min- nesota Mining Manufacturing Co. their wives from 200 communities in Minnesota and Western Wisconsin will be guests for the Thursday carnival program, to be topped off with a banquet and torchlight parade. One visiting mayor, whose iden- tity will be kept secret, is to lead Sanity Test Seen For Hufchinson Murder Suspect HUTCHINSON, Minn. W) A j young farmer being held for sus- picion of murder in the slaying of three persons paced his jail cell nervously today as authorities con- sidered the possibility of a sanity hearing for him. Being held in the McLeod County jail at Glencoe under arrest on a coroner's warrant is Arthur Meli- char, 25, '-A coroner's jury found him re- sponsible for the fatal shootings Tuesday of his widowed mother, Mrs. Mary Melichar, 70; her in- valid son, Sanford, 22; and a neighbor youth, Rodney Mosel, 16. McLeod County Attorney Arnold W. Beneke said it was unlikely any action would be taken today on ordering a sanity hearing for Melichar. Courts Considered "We're letting it ride for Beneke said. "If there appears to be a need for a sanity hearing, we'll, proceed either through pro- bate court or district court "If action should be taken through probate court, Melichar would be sent directly to the St. Peter state hospital. If action should be taken through district court, he would be sent to Uni- versity Hospitals for examination by Jail attendants said Melichar "ate a good breakfast" this morn- ing and then began quietly pacing the floor in his cell. They said no members of the Melicbar family had seen him since he was jailed. A fourth victim of the shootings on the Melichar farm near here, Carl Baumetz, 53, was reported "very slightly improved" at a Hutchinson hospital to which he was taken in critical condition. Officers were investigating a re- port that Arthur opened fire in anger over his mother's decision to sell some cattle he claimed he owned. The suspect, lodged in the jail at Glencoe, so far has refused Defense Dept. Looks for Way To Cut Budget Whole Military Program to Be Opened for Review By EDMOND LEBRETON WASHINGTON Depart ment of Defense, which spend well over half the government' money, is taking an Eisenhower inspired close look at its proposed budget. This is in line with a Whit. House directive to the entire gov ernment to re-examine policies for spending and for hiring new work ers. The goal: Economy. "In a sense, the Defense Depart ment will open up the whole mili tary program for de clared Assistant Defense Secretary W. J. McNeil. He made clear the new economy combing would in- equipment procurement, con- struction and military manpower levels. McNeil Confident But McNeil also said he was con- fident the economy drive decreed yesterday by the Budget Bureau with President Eisenhower's bless- ing contained "nothing that will wreck any defense program." The huge Defense Department, like all other government agencies, was bound by the three basic rules laid down by Budget Director Joseph M, Dodge: 1. Hiring of government workers is to be suspended until in each case it can be determined if the job can be eliminated or done by employes already on the payroll. 2. Construction is to be limited to "clearly essential" projects built under "strictest standards of economy." 3. Operations are to be conducted at a minimum spending level, with any unnecessary activities elimi- nated. It was plain the orders were in- tended as getting down to business on the Republican promise to trim the budget for the year beginning July 1 which for- mer President Truman sent Con- gress 11 days before leaving of- fice. Dodge asked all agencies to sub- mit detailed economy plans next month. To Review Projects The economy review of govern- ment construction was especially applicable to the Defense Depart- ment, with its big building pro- grams, and to the closely allied Atomic Energy Commission, which has a huge physical expansion mapped. McNeil said the review of De- fense Department spending would be under the direction of Deputy. Defense Secretary Roger. Kyes, who would start at the point where the military departments complet- ed their budget requests last fall. He explained that after Kyes has gone through the budget he may call upon service heads and mili- tary agency officials to justify anew their estimates of what it will take to continue the defense schedules. Preliminary study of the Budget Bureau order, he said, gives little indication of any radi- cal changes in programs under way or tentatively approved, but there will undoubtedly be possibili- ties of savings. The Truman budget estimate for the armed forces was based on maintaining approximately the present manpower strength of with an Air Force reach- ing 143 wings about no change for the worse in the world situation. Dodge's economy directive was praised by Sen. Byrd (D-Va) as "forthright and constructive and one of the most realistic steps for economy that has been taken dur- ing my service in the which dates back 20 years. assures Ed en on U. S. Secretary Of State John Foster Dulles, left, and British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden chat in London's Foreign Office today at the start of their discussion about mutual problems facing two countries. Recent shifts in U. S. foreign policy and lagging European unification and de- fense efforts are expected to take precedence in their list of topics. (AP Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald) Anxious for Harmony in Party By DON WHITEHEAD WASHINGTON U) President Eisenhower steered his spanking new administration on a course of party harmony and hoped-for gov eminent economy today. Entering his third week in the White House, Eisenhower: 1. Displayed a willingness to go more than halfway to along' with GO? congressional leaders and to keep close personal ties with the men who will translate-------------------- his programs into action through legislation. 2. Moved to lop off an unesti- mated number of government jobs and. to squeeze down the govern- ment's huge construction program initiated by the Democrats to those projects which can be classified as "clearly essential." Good Start The. President evidently got off to a good start yesterday toward the first of these objectives when he had 18 Senate GOP leaders in for a luncheon which senators in- sisted was all social and no busi- to answer questions. Arthur Meliehar, 25, accused by a coroner's jury of slaying his mother, an invalid brother and a high school boy at nearby Hutchinson Tuesday, is shown in the McLeod County jail at Glen- coe, Minn, (AP Photo) Window-Rattling Quake Startles Californians SAN DIEGO, Calif. win- dow rattling earthquake startled residents in parts of San Diego and Riverside counties last night. No serious damage was reported, although there were reports of plaster shaken loose in one home. The quake was felt from El Cajon Valley, 15 miles east of here, westward through San Diego and La Jolla, and also at Indio, Perris and Riverside in Riverside' Coun- ty. Indio is about 100 miles north- east of here. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity cloudy and warmer tonight. Thurs- day increasing cloudiness. Low to- night 25, high Thursday 38. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 30; minimum, 10; noon, 30; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 28 at p.m. Tues- day, min. is at a.m. today. Noon foot ceiling, visibility 1 mile with fog, wind barometer. 29.88, falling slowly, humidity 98 per cent. ness. Tomorrow he entertains Repub- lican House leaders at a similar luncheon. There was no doubt Presiden "Ike" had turned his charm fu blast on the senators. They cam out of the White House with a loo on-their faces which .some observ ers said reminded them of visitor who had been put under the spe of President Franklin D. Roose velt's famous personality. The economy move came wit suddenness late yesterday when White House statement disclose the virtual freeze, on new hiring new construction and new pro grams while the 1954 budget i being revised. There were bald words saying "It is the policy to achieve a pro gressive reduction of governmen personnel." Recalls Pledges Both actions taken were in line with Eisenhower's campaign pledges that he would work with party leaders in formulating policj and that he would have a "frugal' administration. Just how far the President can go with these programs, of course will depend in large measure on the administrative skill of his lieu tenants and Congress' reaction to halting any of their pet construe tion projects. The Eisenhower effort will be reflected in a revised 1954 budgei which may be ready sometime in April. And the showdown will come finally when congressional appro- priation committees make their de- cision on hqw much money they want to spend on what projects. ROK Division Mans Korean Front Line SEOUL The U. S. Eighth Army said tonight the 15tb Re- public of Korea Division- one of two new fighting units acti- vated last manning part of the Korean front and has been in combat. The 15th is on the rugged Eastern front, along with the 12th ROK division which was activated at the same time. The Army announc- ed several weeks ago that the 12th was in action. Remington Gets 3-Year Prison Term for Perjury NEW YORK UP) William W. Remington, former Commerce De- partment economist, was sentenced today to three years in prison for perjury in defending himself against accusations of Commun- ism. Federal Judge Vincent L. Llei- bell sentenced the 35-year-old form- er government of- ficial. He was alleged to have perjured himself in testifying in his first perjury trial that he never gave secret information to Elizabeth T. Bentley, former Communist cour- ier, and that he -did not know that a Young Communist League exist- ed while he was a Dartmouth Col- lege student. Remington's attorney, John' Mc- Kim Minton Jr., told the court he would make a "speedy Remington was convicted of per- jury at his first sentenced to five years and ordered to pay a fine, but the conviction was upset by the U. S. Court of Appeals. The government then brought iim- to trial again on the ground iat he lied on the witness stand in the first trial. Oil Ship Heads For Red China Despite U.S. By JOHN SCALI WASHINGTON UP) A Finnish tanker loaded with tons of strategic jet fuel from Romania is reported on its way to Communist China today despite American gov- ernment efforts to stop it. Informed officials disclosed this today amid speculation that Presi- dent Eisenhower may eventually consider a naval blockade of the ;hina Coast to shut off such stra- tegic shipments. Suez Canal Area The tanker Wiima was said to be n the Suez Canal area after pick- ing up its highly strategic cargo at a Black Sea port last week. The State Department tried un- successfully to persuade the Finn- sh and Turkish governments to stop the vessel. Finland pleaded that it could do nothing to cancel registry of the vessel, it was understood. The Turkish government replied it ould not legally intercept the ship when it passed through the Darda- elles Straits several weeks ago eeause an international conven- ion guarantees freedom of transit or all ships. The Chinese Nationalist Navy may possibly challenge the vessel 'hen it passes near Formosa. The United Nations banned ship- ment of all strategic items to Com- China and North Korea May 18, 1951. Neither Finland nor Romania is a member of the U. N. however. U. S. officials are known to be seeking some way of preventing Western European and non-Com- munist ships from hauling materi- el to Communist China. Act May Spread War to China Secretary Takes Time Out to Discuss Situation BULLETIN LONDON S. Steretiry of State John Foster Duliitt is. wired Britain today (VnilMd States will continue its ,'olivy of trying to limit the Korean war, a British -re- ported. The official said talks between American and British leaders ended with Prime Min- ister Churchill and Foreign Secretary Eden "a great deal happier" ritan when the con- ferencn began early today. LONDON UP) Secretary of Jofin Foster Dulles had lunch to- day with Prime Minister Churchill. Informed sources said Dulles ban been told Britain strongly disap- proves of the United States action deneutralizing Formosa. Dulles met privately before thl luncheon with Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, who outlined to Dulles Britain's fears regarding the movex which leaves Nationalists free to raid their Com- munist-ruled homeland. Dulles' reply was not disclosed. He was expected to assure the British the new U. S. administra- tion has no intention to expand the Korean War. Present also at the luncheon at Churchill's official residence Eden, Mutual Security- Admini- strator Harold Stassen and U. S. Charge d'Affaires Julius C. Holmes. The general Far Eaitera situation was dlscusted. Twice during the day and British leaders, with their ad- visers, went into fullscale confer- ence at the foreign office on several other aspects of their foreign and economic policies. Britain already has told United States it fears "unfortunate political repercussions" will flow from the changed American policy towards Formosa. Concern Expressed A foreign office spokesman told reporters at R daily nfews confer- while Dulles and Eden were Britain's ex- pressions of concern had not been answered with any American as- surances. This country fears that if a new shooting area opens up between Chinese Communists and National- ists, the Allies run the risk of embroilment. The informants said British re- presentations to Washington ou Formosa included .an expression of strong disapproval-as well as concern. Both were repeated in the talks with Dulles today. The British House of Commons is to have an emergency debate Thursday on Formosa and the Far Eastern situation in general. Churchill and Eden reportedly sought answers to these questions from Dulles: 1. Does the U. S. intend to go on arming Chiang Kai-shek's armies? 2. Will the U. S. provide any sort of military protection for Chinese Nationalists raiding the Chinese mainland? 3. Will the U. S. shield Formosa, from any Chinese Communist at- tacks? Officers Of The Furore Farmers Of America visited President Eisenhower at the White House today. The youthful farmers are left to right, James Dillon, Jones, La., president; Bill Sorem, Dundas, Minn., vice president; James Willis, Me- Goll, S. C., secretary; and Fred Reed Jr., ville, Ark., Donald P. Travis of Fallon, Nev., and Malcolm Ellis of Mapleton, Me., all vic.e presi- dents. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald)
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