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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 20, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Wednesday, Warmer Wednesday Buy A Winter Carnival Button VOLUME 52, NO. 284 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 20, 1953 SIXTEEN PAOES Program Takes Oath Of Office On 2 Bibles Promises Faith Of Future Will Belong to Free By ED CREAGH WASHINGTON UP) Dwight D, Eisenhower took office as Presi- dent today with a pledge to strive for peace but to reject any appease- ment of Communist aggression. Right hand uplifted, the 62-year- old citizen-soldier repeated the solemn oath of office and launched his administration with a declara- tion of "faith that the future shall belong to the free." Cloudy skies gave way to the thin sunlight of winter just as the Texas-born, Kansas-reared Eisen- hower and President Truman left the White House for the ride to the Capitol and the noon (EST) swear- ing in of Eisenhower and Vice President Nixon. Cheering Crowds They rode bare-headed through cheering crowds. It was p. m. when Eisen- hower took the oath, pledging in clipped, firm words to "faithfully execute the office preserve, protect and defend the Constitu- tion." Eisenhower donned thick-rimmed spectacles for the reading of his speech. And at the outset he departed from his prepared text, asking the audience to join him in an extem- poraneous prayer. He called it his "private pray- er" and the opening -words were: "Almighty God as we stand here at this moment, my associates and my future associates of the execu- tive branch join me in beseeching you to permit full and complete dedication to serve the people of thh throng and their fellow' citi- zens everywhere. "Grant us the power to discern clearly between right and wrong." He asked also for the power to serve all citizens equitably, regard- less of their race, creed, color or political beliefs, and for the grace to "work for the good of the coun- try and all its citizens." Just a moment before, with com- pletion of the oath of office, Ei- senhower had kissed his wife, Mamie, and shaken hands with Truman and with Chief Justice Vinson who administered the oath. There was a handshake, too, for the new vice president. In his immediate audience at the Capitol ceremony were the members of Congress, top officials of the old and new administrations, foreign diplomats and thousands of .invited guests. Millions of others saw and heard the ceremony by television. Radio picked up his voice and carried it across the seas. Chief Justice Fred M. Vinson administered the oath. Richard M. Nixon was sworn in as vice president just before Ei- senhower -assumed his office. Sen. William Knowland of California administered the oath to him. Eisenhower rested his left hand on two his own from West Point days, the other used in George Washington's first in- he repeated the oath. Highest Office Standing by was Harry S. Tru- man from whom the nation's high- est office passed to Eisenhower. In the traditional way, Truman and Eisenhower had ridden togeth- er from the White House to the Capitol. But only one would go back. To- night, private citizen Truman leaves for his old home in Missouri. So ended, .in a solemn moment of recess from Republican merry- making in the teeming, flag-draped capital, 20 years of "New Deal- Fair Deal" rule. And so began what the new Presi- dent has promised will be a great crusade for "peace, for freedom, for integrity and for prosperity. Eisenhower approached his high moment with a prayer to God for wisdom and understanding. While hundreds of thousands in jam-packed Washington scrambled for vantage points to see the noon ceremony and the following parade, the 62-year-old soldier-statesman and his family went to religious services. 'Understanding Hearf In a front pew of the National Presbyterian Church, Eisenhower bowed his head as the Rev. Dr. Edward L. R. Elson appealed to the Lord to "give therefore thy servant an understanding heart." The minister prayed too that the general be granted "health of body, serenity of soul, clarity of (Continued on Page 13, Column 7.) TAKES OATH Dedicates Dwight D. Eisenhower is inaugurated President as Chief Justice today Harry Truman, outgoing President is at left. Fred ySson Administers the oath of office in the capitol ceremony Richard Nixon, new vice president, _is_at.right. (AP Wirephoto) The Crowd Began assembling early on Capitol Plaza for today's inauguration ceremony. Stand where oath was administered is at left. Senate office building is in background. (AP Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald) _______________________. _______ A WHOPPER Democracy Marches In Inaugural Paracle By ARTHUR EDSON WASHINGTON marcBed today in a whopper of a And riding proudly at its head, performing his first chore-as the new president, was Dwight D. Eisenhower. For three hours or more, 10 mile's of floats, bands, military units, beasts and birds paraded down historic Pennsylvania Avenue from the'u. S. Capitol past the White 'for, anonymously, by 12 people representing all faiths. And its House. Like democracy itself, this pa- rade had a bit of everything: A dog sled team from Alaska, to servicemen and women, 65 musical units, 50 floats, civilians including 250 Indi- ans, 3 elephants, 310 horses and a flock of pigeons making' as if they were doves of peace. The effect? A mixture
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