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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 19, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy With Occasional Snow Periods VOLUME 52, NO. 283 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 19, 1953 Buy A Winter Carnival Button EIGHTEEN PAOIS Mn. Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of the late Presi- dent, is greeted on her arrival in Minneapolis to- day by two St. Olaf College, students, Anita Erick- son, Goodhue, Minn., center, homecoming queen at St. Olaf, and Betty Ann Johnson, Benson, Minn., winter sports day queen. Mrs. Roosevelt speaks at St. Olaf in Northfield, today and meets with Minnesota United Nations Association offi- cers in St. Paul Tuesday. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Thousand Convicts Riot at Pittsburgh PITTSBURGH thousand rioting convicts who set fire to Pennsylvania's sprawling Western State Penitentiary and seized five guards as hostages defied hundreds of police to force them into their cells today. The cursing convicts, shouting for prison reforms, started several TODAY ors Senat Irked by By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON happiest man in) Washington today is prob- ably Sen. Robert A. Taft. This re markable man does not easily for- give those who have frustrated his ambitions. He pursues his goals remorselessly, without a moment's relaxation. Although Dwight D. Eisenhower beat him for his party's nomination, Taft means to dominate the new Repubb'can ad- ministration. The affair of the cabinet mem- bers finances indicates how close Sen. Taft now is, to this new goal that one suspects he set for him self the moment Eisenhower's elec toral victory placed the presidency beyond his grasp. There are three interesting fac- ets of this affair. First, there is the over-confidence, verging al- most, on arrogance, that led the business leaders in the Eisenhow- er cabinet not to divest themselves of stock holdings in companies do- ing business with the government. They were certain and rightly certain of their own good inten- tions. But thi: law is the law; and an over-confidence that leads to the law being ignored is politically dangerous. It is also a mark of po- litical unwisdom to give voice to the attitude attributed to Charles E. Wilson, that "what is good for the country is good for General Motors; and what's good for Gen- eral Motors is good for the coun- try." Second, there is the fact that the Republican leaders of the Senate Armed Services Committee, who balked at approving Wilson and his colleagues., are conspicuously not members of the Taft faction in the Congress. Sen. Leverett Salton- stall, of Massachusetts, and James Duff, of Pennsylvania, were origi- nal anti-Taft men and strong Eis- enhower backers. They must have known that the Armed Services Committee would deeply embar- rass President Eisenhower, by re- fusing to approve his nominees. They might have stretched the point of law. But they did not. Third, and most interesting of all, there is the fact that Atty.- Gen.-Designate Herbert Brownell is the real target of. the present at- tack. The great majority of sena- tors believe that Brownell gave the legal opinion on which Wilson and his colleagues based thet: decision. Brownell is the mar. whom the sen- ator mainly wishes to discpline and to humble. Whatever may be the outcome of this unhappy affair, the three fore- going facts will go right on add- ing up to break benefits for Sen. Taft. after the election, when Eis- enhower, and Eisenhower alone, had carried the Republicans back into office, the new President had a golden chance to dominate the Congress such as no President has had since Franklin Roosevelt in 1932. Taft did not have a look-in. (Continued on Page 4, Column 3) ALSOPS blazes in the two cellblocks and prison workshops last night. Not a prisoner a shot was fired in the nation's first prison uprising of 1953. Warden John W. Claudy waited for a conference with top state of- ficials before making his next move. He vowed no compromise. Darkened Cellbloeki Huddled in their darkened cell- blocks of the 76-year-old prison, ths rioters taunted firemen who fought two and a half hours before the blaring inferno; The rioters freed one, of the guards, 58-year-old Frank Daugh- erty, within a short time after the outbreak started about 7 p.m. (EST.) But they stubbornly re- fused to let the others go until their "13 concessions for peace" are met. The peace demands were passed out in a note to Claudy early to- day. The prisoners asked that there be no reprisals against the rioters. They also called for improved food, medical care, a plan to permit visitors to stay longer, investiga- tion into operation of the prison- er's fund, "complete board" and an opportunity to study law books so they can file court petitions. No Bargain Made Claudy didn't bargain. Gov. John S. Fine declared: "There will be no deals. We cer- tainly are not going to let pris- oners dictate to us what shall be done." Claudy said he wanted to pre- vent bloodshed at all costs. The guards being held are John Pilatic, 35; Joseph Guerra, 26, James Poole, 26, and Edward Ament, 42. better mail service, a change of the parole Flood Waters Rage Through West Coast SAN FRANCISCO flood waters raged through the California-Oregon coastal plains to day, cutting a wide swath of de- struetion as battered communities faced their third consecutive day of storms. More1 than persons were driven from their homes over tie weekend. Two days of torrential rain caused at least 10 deaths, blocked highways and railroad tracks and disrupted communica- tions. A state of emergency was de- clared in two Northern California arid Del Norte. Several communities were ordered evacuated. U. S. Highway main coastal north-south un- der water at a number of places in both Oregon and California. From Eureka, Calif., population over the mountains to the Central Valley, highways were blocked by slides and washouts. Towns Evacuated Evacuation of Klamath, midway between Eureka and Crescent ordered. Its 500 residents fled to high ground as the swollen Klamath River rushed five feet deep through the streets. Residents said some homes were sent floating downstream. Similar conditions hit the Ore- gon plains. State police said, 112 people had been removed from low-lying farm land along the Co- quille River. In some locations the water was up to second-floor win- dows. Farmers herded their cat- tle into upper floors of their homes and Civil Defense volunteers be- gan preparing shelter for the evac- uated. The Coast Guard said AUegany on the North Fork of the Coos River was surrounded by water as were lowlands on the South Fork. Navy Plane Shot Down Off Coast of China Second Craft Rescues 13 and Also Crashes By SPENCER MOOSA TAIPEH, Formosa U. S. Navy patrol plane with 13 men aboard crashed off the coast of South China Sunday after report ing it had been hit by Communist ground fire. A U. S. rescue plane crashed into the sea after pick- ing up the survivors. A second U. S. rescue, plane radioed today it had been tired upon by an unidentified aircraft. Exact circumstances of the fast- breaking developments were un clear but a welter of messages from rescue ships and radio pick- ups in Hong Kong and Manila in- dicated this situation. Intensive Search Of 21 American airmen aboard the two crashed patrol planes, 2 were killed in the first .crash, 7 have-been picked up By a U. S. destroyer and 12 are missing. S. warships and planes were making an intensive search oi the six miles northeast of Swatow and about 100 miles north- east of Hong Kong. It was the 'most dramatic epi- sode involving the U. S. Navy in the Formosa Strait since Presi- dent Truman assigned the Seventh Fleet on June 27, 1950, to safe- guard Formosa from a Chinese Communist invasion. Signals received aboard one of e rescue seaplane tender this picture: 1. A P2V Neptune patrol plane on a routine flight parelleling the coast reported it had suffered mod- erate damage from anti-aircraft fire from the Communist island of Namoa near the seaport of Swat- ow. Short Battery In Tokyo, Navy sources said the piane sent this message. "Fire from shore battery, moderate damage, amplifying follows." That was its last message. It crashed later, sometime before 3 p.m. 2. An amphibious Mariner res- cue, plane, from .Okinawa set down on the water "and picked up 11 survivors of the 13-man crashed in taking off. The Navy reported that the sad a crew of and sack. 3. A second rescue plane radioed tersely: "Trailed by unidentified aircraft and being fired upon." There was no further word. The plane identified itself only by a Navy code number. An American who arrived in Tai- peh from Hong Kong Sunday night in a commercial airliner said that plane's radio intercepted some of ie messages exchanged by res- cue vessels, including this warn- ing: ''Don't go inside the ibrce-mile limit." The American, who asked that lis name be withheld, said he got the impression that six rescue air- craft were dropping flares and that eighv survivors had been S'ghied on a life raft. Rescue Craft In Hong Kong, fragmentary mes- sages indicated that rescue craft worked throughout Sunday night in topes of picking up survivors be- brc the tids could carry them to he Red.China mainland. In Taipeh, some sources con- sidered it possible that the Com- munists might have decided to fire on American planes patrolling off be mainland in retaliation for a fapanese warning to Soviet Rus- sia not to fly her planes over Japa- nese territory under penalty of be- 'Drake's Cannon' To Salute Ike MONTICELLO, Minn. It's been a long time since the voice of "Drake's Cannon" has been heard, but it will boom out a 21-gun salute Tuesday marking inaugura- tion of a Republican President. Last used for political purposes for the inauguration of Herbert Hoover in 1929, the ancient, muzzle- loaded gun owned by farmer Frank Drake, has been used to herald inauguration of a Republican presi- dent since 1876. Pack Ail naugura Ike Arrives For Swearing In on Tuesday President-Elect Dwight D. Eisenhower and his family 'arrive at the Statler Hotel in Washing- ton where Ike will stay until his inauguration on Tuesday. Left to right: .Ike; his son, Maj. John Eisenhower; Mrs. John Eisenhower; Mrs. Mamie Eisenhower, and the next President's Mother-in- law, Mrs. Elivera Doud. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) ing fired upon. The Chinese Nationalist Air force was not placed under spe- cial alert, but the situation was >eing studied by its commander, Lt. Gen. Want Shu-wing. No Immediate Tax Reduction WASHINGTON Of) George M. lumphrey, who is to be secretary of the, treasury in the Eisenhower administration, said today he is afraid a general tax reduction can not be made "in the immediate future." The Cleveland 0., industrialist One Of The rioting convicts at Western Pennsylvania Penitentiary at Pittsburgh shouts defiance at bal-; cony inside the prison today while .in a cell, nearby four guards are held as hostages. The photographer made the picture through a 3-inch space between "bars in a prison window. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) old the Senate Finance Committee he wants to see taxes cut as soon as possible, however, and one of his first jobs :as secretary will be to order a complete study of the tax laws. "I think the present tax burden is heavier than any .country can stand over a considerable he declared. The Finance Committee is hold- ing bearings on Humphrey's Cabi- net nomination. "Our first job should be to Achieve a balanced Hum- phrey testified. The comprehensive tax study would be directed to overhauling the revenue laws and also to re- ducing taxes "when we he said, "which, frankly, I fear is not in the immediate future." Last Truman Cabinet Meet Most Relaxed By DREW PEARSON WASHINGTON h e last meeting of the Truman .cabi- net was probably the mosf relaxed and -congenial in all its- sometime turbulent history? The President himself said little. He reassured his cabinet that history would prove he had one of the most loyal cabi- nets and one of the ablest of any President of the United States. He had said this before and he wanted them to know it once again. He also showed them a beautiful colored photograph of the cabinet which he was giving each of them as soon as he had time to affix his autograph. Then each cabinet member made his usual report.' The most interesting came from Secretary of Defense Lovett who told about the progress of atomic energy. He said that the world had thought of atomic energy as a mil- itary weapon, that it was develop- ing so rapidly the day would soon come when it would have revolu- tionary peacetime uses. He did not predict the time necessary for this development though he indicated that the first experiments would come "soon." Last Meeting Secretary of State Acheson 'then gave an optimistic report on Iran which has worried the State De- partment almost more than any Dther part of the world recently. He said that the British had agreed to a new plan for settlement of the Iranian oil dispute and it was now up to Premier Mossadegh. If ae .would accept, the crisis in Iran might be over. Secretary of Commerce Sawyer then told a story about three Epis- copalian clergymen who were en- joying a good dinner. Over their coffee they decided to confess their own sins to each other. "I must said the first, "that my chief sin is liquor. When I get home in the evening I can't resist a couple of good drinks." "And my chief said the second, "is the ladies. When I see a good-looking girl in my congregation I can't help it, but I can't seem to take my eyes off her." "Well, my chief said the third, "is gossip. I just can't seem to help telling everything I know, and I can hardly wait to leave .this meeting." Secretary Sawyer's joking impli- cation was that he could hardly wait to leave the Truman cabinet to tell all about it; and on this note the last meeting of the Truman cabinet adjourned. Medal to Truman One of Harry Truman's last vis- itors before leaving the White House was his old friend, war-ace Jimmy Doolittle, who presented Truman with a medal commemor- ating the Wright ..Brothers' first flight at Kitty Hawk, N.C., 50 years ago. given me many said Doolittle. "I want to return: the favor by presenting this med- al." "It's solid gold, Mr. observed Edward Slattery, press chief of the Civil Aeronautics .Board. "Well, it's probably .the only thing of-value I'll be taking back to smiled Truman. "If things real1tough I can always cash it in." Inaugural Schedule WASHINGTON (fP) Here is the schedule of Inaugural events. Times are Winona time: TODAY 7 p. m. Festival of Entertainment, featuring stage and screen stars and name bands, at. Uline Arena. 9 p. m. Kepeat performance of festival at Capital Theater. TUESDAY g a. ElectorMjeollege members meet to form permanent a. m. Formal inauguration 'ceremonies begin at oath-taking by Eisenhower and Vice President-elect Nixon and Eisenhower s in- augural address. p. m. Parade leaves Capitol for White m. _ Balls at National Guard Armory and Georgetown University Ike to 'Ride Out' Kicks on Wilson By JACK BELL WASHINGTON Adams, new White House chief of staff predicted today the Eisenhower administration will "ride over the appointment of Charles E. Wilson as secretary of defense. Wilson's confirmation has been challenged by some Senate Demo- crats and Republicans because he has said he will not give up 2M. million dollars in stock, a yearly pension and a retirement bonus from General Motors, of which he was president. GM is the largest Defense Department pri- vate contractor. Adams told a reporter he is con- fident the controversy over Wil- son's holdings will, be ironed out in time for early Senate approval of the Cabinet appointment. Lead- ers have abandoned earlier plans to seek confirmation of Wilson to- morrow. "We'll ride this one out all the new chief of President- elect Eisenhower's White House staff declared. "I don't blame the senators for bringing up this ques- a principle involved here." Sees Settlement Although Adams did not elabor- ate, Sen-. Ferguson (R-Mich) said in a separate interview he expects some arrangements to be made under which Wilson would be re- lieved of the necessity for pass- ing on General Motors contracts if he retains his holdings in the auto- motive firm. "It's just a matter of finding a way in which Wilson could dis- qualify himself when any General Motors contracts come up for a Ferguson said. The task of finding some way around the present law which bars a federal official from negotiating contracts with a firm in which he holds even an indirect financial interest has been checked to Her- bert Brownell Jr., to be Eisen- hower's attorney general. :But William P. Rogers; named by Brownell as his chief assistant, told a reporter he does not? be- lieve any opinion will be forth- coming today. Rogers -said soine time will be required to study the legal aspects of the situation., If Brownell comes up with W acceptable solution, most senators seem to think Wilson's confirma- tion will be only a matter of time. Poland Charges U.S. With Spying WARSAW, Poland Communist government has charged the United States with "aggressive spying" activities against Poland and with working put a "volcano plan" to destroy the Polish nation in the event of war. A government note delivered to the American Embassy here last Friday and published in the press yesterday said the U. S. govern- ment was trying to "deprive Po- land of independent existence and to subordinate it to the in- terests, of the American monop- The note, which demanded the alleged spying be- stopped, re- peated a previous charge that a U. S. Air Force plane dropped two saboteurs into Poland by para- chute Nov. 4 and accused the Americans also of other extensive espionage, and diversionist activ- ities. (American Air Force officers previously called the charge that the saboteurs were dropped, a "fake." In Washington last night the State Department said the Polish note had not been received and -bid ho comment.) Lucille Ball Has Boy HOLLYWOOD Ifl The Lucille Ball baby, awaited by her fans throughout the nation, arrived to- day. It's a boy. A delighted and. smiling Desi Arnaz, husband of the red-haired actress, came out' in a corridor of the Cedars of Lebanon Hospi-' tal to announce: "It's a boy. Now we have everything." Three-Hour, Ten-Mile Long Parade Planned By ED CREACH WASHINGTON Joyous Re- publicans started a final round of pre-inaugural celebration today in anticipation of the solemn moment when Dwight D. Eisenhower will be .sworn in as the 34th president of the United States. From every section of the na- tion they top dignataries of the incoming administration, great names of business and industry, celebrities of Hollywood and Broadway, cheerful throngs of just plain Americans who flooded into the flag-decked capital for tomor- row's historic event. President-elect Eisenhower him- self came in by special train from New York last night, with a jubilant wave and a quick flash of his famous smile as he stepped from the floodlit rear platform of private car. Cheer Ike Several hundred persons who had gathered "in front of Union Station applauded as a sleek gray closed car bearing the President-elect, his wife and close relatives sped past, at the head of a 15-car motor- cade, on its way to the Statler There in, .pastel-decorated Presidential; (three bed- rooms, four baths, living room, parlor, entrance foyer) Eisenhow- er planned to remain until hour of departure for the private service in National Presbyterian Church which will open tomor- row's inauguration program. Noon tomorrow will bring climax -of: the day Republicans have dreamed of through 20 years in the political wilderness. At that time, with television re- porting the scene throughout the land, the man from Abilene will take the oath of office, right hand raised, left hand resting on one of two open Bibles, as be stands on a white-painted platform before thousands of onlookers in the Cap- itol Plaza. A three-hour, 10-mile parade will follow the ceremony. Officials es- timated a .crowd of will swell Washington's population for the "I-day" events, with some 000 already in town. Following tradition, Eisenhower himself decided against attending any of the public functions until he's actually sworn in. Social Activities His happy supporters, however, set off yesterday on a seemingly endless whirl of social activities that won't abate until the last waltz is played, and the last of champagne consumed, at the twin Inaugural Balls tomorrow night. On tap today: Breakfasts, open houses and receptions by various state contingents. A Young Repub- licans', reception at 5 p.m., EST. And, topping it all, the inaugural a salute by the actors, singers, dancers; comedians and instrumentalists of the entertain- ment to be given twice to- night. Some of the headliners taking part: Fred Waring, Adolphe Men- jou, Ethel Merman, Edgar Ber- gen, Hoagy Carmichael, Lily Pons, Dorothy Lamour, Esther WUliams, Walter Sullivan, Dor- othy Shay, Irene Dunne, Jack (Continued en Column 5} IKE WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Cloudy tonight and Tuesday with occasion- al periods of light snow. No im- portant change in temperature. Low tonight 16, high Tuesday 27. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 26; minimum, 18; noon, 21; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 27; minimum, 11; precipitation, none; sun sets to- night at p.m.; tun rises tomor- row at AIRPORT WfATHER (No. Central Obnrvarton) Max. temp. 23 at p.m. Sun- day, min. 10 at U p.m. last night. Sky overcast at feet, visibil- ity 10 miles, wind calm, humidity 88 per cent, barometer 29.87, steady.
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