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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 16, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Cold Tonight, Warmer Saturday Buy A Winter Carnival Button VOLUME 52, NO. 281 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JANUARY 16, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGES -38 AT INTERNATIONAL FALLS CoW Follows Storm in State By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Bitter cold covered Minnesota to- day as workers moved swiftly to clear away after-effects of Thurs- day's snowstorm that disrupted communications and travel and forced schools to close. International Falls, on the far northern border of the state, re- ported 38 below zero. An unofficial reading of 40 below was reported by Ranger E. B. Richards of Big Falls, about 40 miles south of International Falls. Bemidji was another point re- porting extreme cold, 35 below zero during the night. Brainerd had It was -24 at Alexandria, -20 at Fergus Falls, -21 at St. Cloud, -22 at Duluth, 49 at Redwood Falls, -18 at Albert Lea, -14 in the Twin Cities and -10 at Rochester. Parkas, mackinaws and storm coats were standard attire as res- idents went about normal pursuits. Motorists generally were using highways without difficulty as snpwplow crews cleared away drifts left by Thursday's storm. The forecast for the state was for somewhat warmer weather to- day, to-night and Saturday. It will turn cold again in the extreme north Saturday night. No more precipitation was in sight. The bitter cold .sent three lum- berjacks to the police station at International Falls, asking for shelter. Police Captain Jim Christy put them up for the night. The cold extended into South Dakota and Southeastern North Dakota, Aberdeen and Huron had the lowest readings in South Dako- :a, -21. Fargo, N. D., on the border between that state and Minnesota had -17, a reading much higher than anticipated by the weather bureau. Winds that whipped Thursday's snow into drifts died down late Thursday and Thursday evening, allowing snowplow crews and com- munications and power repairmen to get to work. Mild weather continued over most of the eastern and southern parts of the country. Fair and warmer weather was forecast for Wyoming-Colorado areas hit by snowstorms Wednesday and Thurs- day. The Southern California coastline from Santa Barbara to San Diego was battered Thursday by strong winds and the highest tide of the season. Damage was estimated at millions of dollars. Mirtin P. Durkin, left, and Sen. Robert Taft, R-Ohio, smile and shake hands today at a session of the Senate Labor Committee in Washington which, recommended Durkin's confirmation as Secre- tary of Labor. Taft had termed the selection Jbut raised no objection of any kind at the hearing, Durkin said he has already left the presidency of the AFL National Union. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Salvage Men Probe Washington Wreck WASHINGTON W) Salvage men and investigators today plumbed the quiet wreckage of the crack express train which hurtled, wild and brakeless, into Washing- ton's Union Station Thursday. Incredibly, there-were no deaths in the grinding, steaming impact Way Out Of Korea Difficult By JOSEPH end STEWART ALSO WASHINGTON The jubilan orgy of the inauguration has no yet started. But even now, som days before President-elect Eisen hower and his new team tack] their great task, the signs of sad but probably healthy awaken ing may be rather plainly seen In the aftermath of the election there was a tendency, even amon very sensible people, to think tha the change of party in power in Washington had somehow changei and lessened the great problem; confronting this country. But dur ing these last weeks of earnest preparation, Eisenhower and the wiser men around him have hac to face the fact that these prob lems remain as thorny as ever A good illustration is the problem of Korea, which has such great political urgency. It is pretty well known, now, what President-elect Eisenhowei was told by the military command- ers on the scene when he made his Korean journey. Gens. Mark Clark and James Van Fleet and the Korean air commander, Gen. 0. P. Weyland, have not been espe- cially secretive about their views. The collective judgment of these key personalities may be crudely but authoritatively summarized as follows: First, an offensive in Korea is not impossible, given the time and resources to prepare it. A frontal attack on the existing Chinese line cannot be considered, since the line is now twenty miles deep, and .the enemy forces are much too well dug in. For the same rea- sons, the tactical employment of atomic bombs in Korea would (Continued on Page 9, Column 6) ALSOPS just three blocks from the Capitol. But' hospitals reported treating 51 persons, many released shortly, and seven were in serious con- dition. Smohed Through Steel The train, the Pennsylvania Rail- road's Federal Express from Bos- ton, smashed through steel and concrete barriers and into the de- pot's giant concourse. The engine and one coach plunged 'through the floor to the basement. At least two investigations were tinder way. The Interstate Commerce Com- mission, whose tasks include super- vising railroad transportation, be- gan an immediate check and an- nounced hearings for Jan. 26. The Senate Interstate Commerce Committee, whose members were led on a first-hand inspection of I the wreckage Thursday by Chair- man has hearings scheduled to begin next Wednes- day. The Pennsylvania Railroad said it had no explanation for the fail- ure of the 150-ton electric locomo- tive's air brakes. But it credited engineer Henry W. Brower, 66, and his crew with quick action that averted a major catastrophe. It said Brewer's con- tinued blasting of the engine's horn enabled station officials to clear the concourse of people. The crew, it said, essened injuries among the train's estimated 400 passen- gers by warnings to clear the aisles and keep seated. There was no damage estimate. Four hours after the train wreck, the' capital. was jolted by another mishap an explosion in a burn- Ike Will Change Truman Tideland Oil Order, Claim By JOE HALL WASHINGTON W) President Truman's imminent order setting aside offshore oil for Navy use will be quickly overturned by Pres- ident-elect Eisenhower or by Con- gress, several congressmen pre- dicted today.' The President announced yester- day he would issue the hotly con- troversial order before he leaves office at noon Tuesday. It will turn the reserves over to the Navy as a national defense move, he said. illegal power spite" these were some of the terms used on Capitol Hill to describe the action. Truman .also found a few de- fenders, but they made clear .they had little hope his order would stand very long. Forty Forty senators already have in- troduced a bill to give to the states control of the lands under the marginal seas, containing bil- lions of dollars worth of oil. Pres- ident-elect Eisenhower has said he favors doing so. His stand may have helped, him carry Texas, which is one of the states primar- ily affected. The others are Louisi- ana and California. Democratic nominee Adlai Stevenson, like Tru- man, favored retention of the off- shore lands by the iedera! govern- ment. The Republican Senate leader- Truman Believes Soviet Schemes Will Collapse Free World Will Triumph, President Says By ED CREACH WASHINGTON (Ifi Retiring President Truman predicts 'Soviet Russia's aggressive schemes will collapse, sooner or later, under the growing weight of the free world's defenses. And that, he forecast in a fare- well message to the nation, from the White House last night, will lead to a new golden an era of spreading world authority, and of peace "as far ahead as man can. see." Truman took over the nation's radio and television networks for i highly personal, sometimes erao- ional, review of his eight turbu- ent years in the White House and for a guess at how they may look in the light of history. He pointed to dangers of a possible new world war that would dig the grave of Western civilization and of its Communist enemy alike. He disclaimed for this nation any will to provoke such a conflict by hurling ultimatums or by using terrible new weapons: "Starting an atomic war is totally unthink- able for rational men." He called for complete public support of his successor, Dwight D. Eisenhower. Finally, putting eight years of controversy behind, the outgoing President ended his valedictory with a gentle: 2 Held as Spies Returned to U. S. ship has given a high place on its program to the bill to give control to the states. Top-ranking GOP senators said'they were sure Tru- man's order would have little or no effect on the drive to speed passage. The Senate passed an identical measure last year 50-35 and the House by an even bigger margin. Truman vetoed the bill with the assertion that it would amount to a 100-billion barrel steal for oil companies a contention he re- peated at his news conference yesterday. Advocates of federal control have insisted it would be easier for the oil concerns to exploit the lands if they were administered by the states than if the U. S. controlled "Good God bless you all." As he did so, Mrs. Truman and Margaret appeared on either side of him for the TV cameras. Truman's last address from the chastely decorated oval office he will vacate Tuesday came only a few hours after he handed a firm piece of advice to his successor: Free-for-all news conferences may be .tough on you but' don't give them up the people are entitled to them. It was at just such a come-what- may session with newsmen his 324th and the President read a formal statement upholding the right of newsmen to ask a chief executive, on behalf of the nation, all 'sorts of questions in open meeting. It's important to a democracy, Truman said, that "every medium of communication between the citi- zens and then- government, parti- cularly the president, be kept open as far as possible." them. Sen. Ferguion Sen. Ferguson (R-Mich) said after yesterday's White House an- nouncement that the proposed or- der could be revoked by Eisen- hower just as easily as Truman could issue it. Or, Ferguson add- ed, Congress could wipe it out with new legislation. In New York, Eisenhower head- quarters said the President-elect would have no comment because his views were well known. Wesley Roberts Slated as New GOP Chairman NEW YORK W) The way was cleared officially at President- elect Eisenhower's headquarters to- day for election Saturday of C. Wesley Roberts of Kansas as the new chairman of the Republican National Committee. Former U. S. Sen. Harry Dar- by, national committeeman from Kansas, told a news conference that a five-man subcommittee had unanimously recommended election of Roberts to succeed Arthur E Summerfield of Michigan. Summerfield is resigning to serve as postmaster general. The fun GOP committee will meet in Washington Saturday. El- ection of Roberts now is a fore- gone conclusion. Burglars Get In Minneapolis Theft MINNEAPOLIS A re-check today showed 'that burglars who raided a tavern at 4415 Nicollet Ave., early Thursday got away with in cash instead of the originally reported. Trenton Bank Robbed, Three Take TRENTON, N. J. UP) Three young gunmen staged a daring day- light holdup in a residential area bank today and escaped with al- most in cash. The bank robbers, brandishing guns, cowed five tellers, 10 custom- ers and bank officials at the Hamil- ton branch of the Broad St. Na- tional Bank before they fled in an auto bearing New Jersey license plates. U.S. Would Need Air Support if Chinese Struck By GEORGE A. McARTHUR SEOUL If the Chinese Com- munists should throw into combat the aerh' armada now based just across the Yalu River in churia "we would need the Air Force said today. Lt, Gen. Glenn p, Barcus said Allied warplanes are making the war -in Korea both bloody and costly for the Reds but "Vile hare no about ending the stalemated conflict. By using masses of human la- bor, the Communists have been able to maintain a shaky rail and highway system leading to the front, the 49-year-old general said. To the Air Force, bright spots ing building that sent about 50 per- sons to the hospital, some serious- ly hurt. The blast hurled five firemen across the street. Fire Chief Mil- lard Sutton was one of the more critically injured with both legs iroken. -t. Governor Nelsen Turns Down Farm Job ST. PAUL Gov. Ancher lelsen said today he has turned own an offer of a post in the U..S. >epartment of Agriculture. He said he had told Ezra Taft Jenson, who will be secretary of griculture in President Eisenhow- ir's Cabine.t, that he cannot leave his present post. I filed for said Jelsen, "I asked the people to sup- ort me and they did. I feel I now ave a contract to carry out the ob to which they elected me. I ropose to do as good a job as I can for the people." Rocket Pictures Sun's Rays From 50 Miles Up BOULDER, Colo. 00 A rocket has carried an instilment designec by University of Colorado scien lists 50 miles above the earth for the first pictures of the sun's' spec- trum in extreme ultraviolet wave- lengths. The rocket was fired last month at Holloman Research and Devel- opment Center, New Mexico, and results of the tests were an- nounced today by W, B. Pietenpol, head of the university's physics department. He also is supervisor of the upper "atmosphere research program, Pietenpol reported that univer- sity physicists have worked three years to perfect what he: said-is a sun-seeking device, or pointing control for high-altitude rockets. The electronic-mechanical object is designed to hold aa instrument pointed at the sun while a rocket rolls and yaws in flight. It also has to be rugged enough to withstand the forces of high ac- celeration and to operate so that film can be exposed. The Colo- rado scientist said the instrument mounted in the rocket fired 'last month pointed directly .at the'sun for a considerable period and ob- tained a 28-second exposure 'of the previously photographed the spec- trum to about Angstrom but that in the Colorado ex- periment powerful ultraviolet radi- ation emitted, by the hydrogen ia the sun's .atmosphere was photo- graphed for the first time. Much of .that radiation is con- centrated in a spectrum line at Angstrom units, or the so- called Lyman Alpha Line. It was what the university scientists hope to get and succeeded in photo- graphing. Dr. Pietenpol explained, that so- lar radiation is the cause of iono- spheric layers in the upper atmos- phere and those stratified concen- trations of electrons can be ob- s'erved by radio wave reflection and are an important factor in radio propagation. The from the ibsorption of ultraviolet radiation Tom the sun, Dr. Pietenuol con- tinued, and the absorption has great meteorological significance. The University; of Colorado re- search' is supported by the Air force Cambridge Research Cen- er geophysics division. Research spectrum. Dr. Pietenpol Mid that scientists are the morale of the pilots and the overwhelming record of the F-86 Sabre Jets. "Rather than have to prod our pilots, we have to restrain the gray-haired general beamed. And the Sabre jet has piled up a steady combat ratio of at least 8-1 over the MIG15. Cheboygan Masonic Temple Burns, Loss Close to CHEBOYGAN, Mich. W A raging fire swept through down- town Cheboygan early today, de- stroying the Masonic Temple, four stores, four offices and a bar, and causing damage which may reach Firemen from three neighborin communities fought the blaz which was believed to have startet in the State Smoke Shop on Main street at 5 a. m. Cbeboygan Fireman Leonaru Cantile suffered a broken leg when a wall collapsed. The fire spread from the smoke shop on the ground floor of the Masonic temple to an adjacen drug store, a jewelry store, a loan company, a bar, an appliance shop turning all into a flaming inferno. Handcuffed Kurt L. Ponger, center, is hurried by FBI agents to an awaiting automobile early today at the National Airport in Washington, D.C., after his arrival with Otto Verber from Vienna, Austria, to face trial as spies. Ponger and Verber were arrested in Vienna and flown to Washington in a military plane. The gov- ernment said their arrest cracked open an international plot which officials described as being under direction of a Soviet diplomat in Washington. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Ike Saymf To By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH NEW Eisenhower discusses politics with a delegation from the Republican National Committee today, and he also set aside 'time for three farewell talks to Columbia University .students, faculty and alumni. The general arranged to confer with five members of the national committee, which will meet in co-operation came .from Dr. Mar- cus O'Day and Or. Howard Ed- wards of the Cambridge labora- tories. The temple's three-story brick north wall collapsed, crushing the Leonal Drug store and pinninj Cantile in the rubble. Firemer quickly freed him. The fire destroyed approximately one-third of the block, covering 175 feet before firemen brought it un- der control. Cause of the blaze was undetermined. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair and cold tonight. Saturday partly cloudy and warmer. Low tonight 0, high Saturday 25. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for .the 24 hours ending at 12. m. today: Maximum, 39; minimum, -4; noon, precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Maximum temperature, 35 at noon Thursday; minimum, -5 at a, m. today. Noon readings- sky clear; visibility 15 miles; 'wind, 3 miles from southwest; humidity, 90 per cent; barometer, S0.5T steady. Washington tomorrow to select new. chairman. The subcommittee meeting with Eisenhower almost certainly will, take word to that meeting that his choice ior chairman is Wesley Roberts, who served as the com- mittee's director of organization during the campaign. That will make selection of Rob- erts a formality. The former chair- man of the Kansas State1 Republi- can Committee is in line to suc- ceed Arthur E. Summerfield, who is resigning as.head of the national GOP committee to serve as post- master general in Eisenhower's Cabinet. Leaving N. Y. Sunday On the subcommittee meeting with the President-elect are these national committee members: Former U. S. Sen. Harry Darby of Kansas; G. Mason Owlett of Pennsylvania; C. C. Spades of Florida; Mrs. Wesley Dixon of Il- linois; and Mrs. Neal Tourtellotte of Washington State. Eisenhower will leave New York by special train Sunday afternoon for Washington and arrive there that evening for Tuesday's inaugu- ration ceremonies. The general and Mrs. Eisenhower will occupy the presidential suite at the Statler Hotel. They will be accompanied from Manhattan by other mem- bers of the famfly, some officials of the new administration and a large staff of aides. Late today-Eisenhower goes to the Columbia University campus for brief farewell talks to the stu- dents and faculty, members. His resignation as president of the uni- versity is effective Monday. He was scheduled to talk first to the students at, the Seth Low -ibrary, then go" to the: MacMillan Theater to address the faculty.: At Dinner Tonight Tonight he will speak to alumni of the university at an Astor Hotel linner honoring Young B. Smith, "ormer deaa of the university's School. Eisenhower 'left his Commodore Hotel, headquarters early in the afternoon yesterday to work at, bis" "Lome on inaugural address ind the State of the Union mes- age which, he. will deliver before; Congress, probably the latter -part f this month. Aides reported the inaugural ad- ress is virtually 5-minute speech set forth Ei- enhower's philosophy of govern- ment and ;'deal iaAbroad outline nth Eisenhower's v'legislative pro- gram. That message is being re- ised to incorporate some ideas uggested to the President-elect by members of hii' Cabinet." Hearing Off, LaCrosseCop Back on Duty LA CROSSE Police and Fire Commission Thursday night gave-up a fruitless inquiry and re- stored to duty a patrolman whose case has been the center of ,a con- troversy since he was suspended from the .police force in mid-De- cember. The commission dismissed charges ..against James D. Christie "without determination of guilt or innocence -and without prejudice to innocence and without prejudice to either" Christie or City Atty. Fred Steel e, who preferred charges. 'Acting as an elector, Steele had accused Christie of misconduct af- ter officer of the Po- lice Protective been listed among "those present at the local Amvets-, Club when sheriffs deputies raided it. last No- vember in connection with alleged gambling activities. At''a stormy five-day hearing last week, the commission uncov- ered an intradepartmental wran- gle involving several' police ,per- sonalities and finally halted testi- mony. Thursday night's put Pa- trolman Christie, a veteran
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