Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 12, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy Tonight And Tuesday, Warmer Tonight Buy A Winter Carnival Burton VOLUME 52, NO. 277 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 12, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAOIS TODAY H-Bomb Story Still Awaited By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON President Tru- man has now lifted a corner of the paper curtain of meaningless offi- cial secrecy, tiat presently con- ceals the strategic facts of life from the American people. Refer- ring to the hydrogen bomb test at Eniwetok, he has at last warned us that "from now on, man moves into a new era of destructive pow- er." We should all be grateful, no doubt, even for this vague and lim- ited disclosure, which incidentally rather dramatically confirms pre- vious reports in this space. But it is still worth considering how the paper curtain has operated to ex- clude the people of this nation from decisions of the utmost national import, and to hide from them facts of the utmost national signifi- cance. Theory of Bomb The theory of the hydrogen bomb, it must be. remembered, was fully published by the Aus- trian scientist, Thierring shortly after the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima. Writ- ing in Vienna, with no access to classified American information of any kind, Thierring told the whole basic story in 1945. At that time, of course, the the- oretical possibility of a hydrogen bomb was also known in this coun- try. At the end of the war, the question arose whether to launch another great hydrogen bomb proj- ect, comparable to the Manhattan District project which developed the atomic bomb. President Tru- man referred the question to a committee of distinguished scien- tists, headed by Dr. Vanaevar Bush. The nature of the weapon inspir- ed Bush and his colleagues with the deepest moral horror. They rightly considered that it would be wasteful to attempt such an am- bitious new step in that primitive era of the atomic art. They also expected our monopoly of atomic to endure a long per- iod; and so long as we enjoyed this atomic monopoly, a hydrogen bomb seemed needless. When Period Ended James Francis Cardinal Los Ange- les is shown above in Rome receiving" his Biglietto in notification of his elevation to the Roman Cath- olic College ofCardinals, He received the memen- to from Messenger Thomas Ryan, left, of Ireland. Center is Bishop Martin O'Connor of Scranton, rector of the North American College of Rome.' (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) 24 Made Cardinals At Papal Consistory By FRANK BRUTTO I VATICAN CITY an ages-old ritual, Pope Pius XII conferred I the rank cardinal today on 24 prelates, including James Francis Judd Believes Pacific NATO Might Succeed WASHINGTON Wl Rep. Judd Mclntyre of Los Angeles and the archbishops of two Communist lands (R.Mmn) said today a "pacific where the Roman Catholic Church is fighting for survival. In bringing the College of Cardinals to its full strength of 70 mem-, bers for tie first time in nearly Hence the committee of scien- tists, which was a secret body, recommended against the proposed hydrogen bomb project. President Truman accepted their recommen- dation. From 1945 until 1949, im- portant research into hydrogen bomb problems was carried on. But from 1945 to 1949, it was the official but unannounced Ameri- can policy not to attempt to build a hydrogen bomb. This phase ended with the explp sion of the Soviet atomic bomb in September', 1949. .By this time, the theory nakedly set forth by Thier ring had been enormously supple mented and buttressed. Some o: those who knew that hydrogen bombs were already a practica possibility, now insisted that the American policy must be .altered They urged that an attempt must be made to build these bombs forthwith. Others still opposec such an attempt. The division was deep and the debate was sharp. The more influ ential scientists formed into war- ring camps. So did the Atomic En- ergy Commission itself, where Commissioners Gordon Dean anc Lewis Strauss were the chief ad- vocates of the hydrogen bomb project, while the then-chairman David 5. Lilienthal, led the oppos- ition to'it. The service department leaders naturally supported Dean and Strauss, but the Depart- ment adopted what can best be described as a hand-wringing atti- tude. Debated in Whispers This debate, which was as usual carrie'd on in whispers behind clos- ed doors, might have dragged on almost indefinitely if these report- ers had not brought this vital na- tional issue into the open. President Truman then announc- ed, somewhat ambiguously, that he had ordered the; Atomic Energy Commission to "continue" its work on the hydrogen bomb (which had until this time been confined to pure thereafter, Gordon Dean replaced David Lil- ienthal at the hea'd ow the AEC; Dean secured from Truman a "first priority" for the hydrogen bomb 'project. The needful appro- priations were requested under the first shock of the Korean war. And the attempt to'build a hydrogen bomb was at last started in earn- est. When this attempt was about to culminate in the Eniwetok tests, another intra-governmental. debate began behind the paper curtain. It was known, of course, that the So- viet intelligence, withVall its form- idable detection apparatus, would learn the power and our new bomb shortly after its ex- plosion. Air samples of the dust cloud, data from Geiger counters, seismographs and other sources, would be quite enough to tell the Kremlin's experts the salient facts, without the slightest assistance from classified sources. The ques- tion now was, whether to tell the American people and our allies the same facts the Soviets would soon know. Redondo Beach Storm Damage Near Million REDONDO BEACH, Calif. The mayor of this wave-battered community estimates damage from an angry sea at 15 million dollars and says he is asking Gov. Earl Warren to -declare this a disaster area. Dr. J. Russell Shea, the mayor said more than 20 families are homeless. The damage toll, he reported; includes destruction to private property, to streets and sidewalks undermined by waves, to light power and. gas installations anc to the Redondo breakwater. The sea wall, torn in two places by raging combers, has been rein- forced with more than worth of rock. The mayor said the damage is from the Saturday and Sunday pounding alone, When towering waves crashed onto ocean-front property along a four-block stretch. There was other damage from pre- vious high waves. Mintener to Attend Inaugural ST. PAUL top Republican leaders will attend the inauguration of President-elect Ei- senhower in Washington Jan. 20. Bra'dshaw Mintener, Minneapolis, who led the Eisenhower drive in the state as head of Minnesotans for Eisenhower, will be among the esti- mated 200 from this state who will" be official guests at ceremonies starting Saturday. Gen. Walter Bedell Smi'i (above) was named undersecre- tary of state by President-electr Dwight D. Eisenhower in New York! Smith, 'now is chief of the Central Intelligence Agency. (AP two centuries, the pope gave the west coast of the: United States its first prince of the cnurch. Speaking before "a "secret consis- tory of more than a scorers prev- iously JJamed cardinals, the pontiff any' of had political motives, and expressed deep sorrow that Archbishops Aloj- zijic Stepinac of Yugoslavia and Stefan Wyszynski of Poland were not present. Cardinal Stepinac, free from pris- on under a conditional release granted by Marshal Tito's govern- ment, .remained'in the little town of Krasic. Both he and Cardinal Wyszynski had indicated they could not come to -Rome for fear the Yugoslav and Polish governments would refuse them readmittance to their countries. Josef Cardinal Mindszenty of Hungary named cardinal at the 1946 consistory is in prison in a third Communist country. Thomas Cardinal Tien, archbishop of Piep- ing, already is an exile from his Communist-ruled country. In the 100-foot long marbled Con- sistorial Hall in tjie pope's Vatican apartment, 22 old" members of the college, robed in ermine-trimmed scarlet robes, listened to the pon- tiff's solemn word s. They had bowed their heads in silent agree- ment and homage to the pope as hejnamed the 24 new cardinals. Robed in white and red, the 76-year-old spiritual leader of 425 million Catholics spoke from his high throne in the Consistorial Hall. Today's elevations to the prince- dom of the church were from 13 countries, bringing to 27 the num- ber represented in the college.. This is the highest in the nearly year history of the church and includes four nations who received their first cardinalates Yugo- slavia, Colombia, Ecuador and In- dia. Fargo Woman Killed in Auto Accident FARGO, N. D. IB-Mrs. Eugene H. Fender, Fargo, was killed and her husband was injured Saturday night when their car plunged 40 feet from a railroad overpass here. Fender's condition was not serious. Highway Patrol officers said the viaduct surface was icy. The car landed upside down. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Consider- able cloudiness tonight and Tues- day. Warmer tonight, colder late Tuesday. Low tonight 24, high Tuesday 35. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 36; minimum, 11; noon, 25; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 35; minimum, 11; noon, 39; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT TEMPERATURES CNorth Central Max. temp. 37 at noon, min. 7 at p. m. Sunday; Noon read- overcast at feet, visibility 5 miles, wind 8 miles )er hour from south, southeast, larometer 29.66 humidity 87 per cent. NAT0" to block Communist ag Far East might an aj. liance has in Europe. "The Orientals are Judd .told Jcnow the Communist danger at first hand and they are more obligated 'jo ,ug "for.support.. It's their battle as well as "ours." Judd said he felt sure the Eisen- hower administration, to be inaug- urated Jan. 20, will be "sympa- thetic" to proposals for creation of an Asian army. He said he con- ferred with John Foster Dulles, named by Eisenhower to be secre- tary of state, and found Dulles had "a growing awareness of Asia's importance." Top military men say privately that a Pacific equivalent of NATO could be formed. They say even Japanese troops could be absorbed into an international army on the same pattern as blueprints to put French and German troops under international control. State Department officials here- tofore have expressed belief this would be difficult because of the distances between nations, Oriental jealousies and a" latent fear of Japanese imperialism. Seaway Foe May Accept Project Now WASHINGTON Wl A long-time foe of the proposed St. Lawrence Seaway said today he might be willing to accept XI. S. participa- tion with Canada in building the project, if terms are worked out in advance on sharing construction and maintenance costs. Rep. McGregor a mem- ber of the House Public Works Committee, also told a reporter advance agreement should be reached by the two countries on tolls to be charged ships using the seaway He suggested creation of a com- mission to deal with the Canadians on these matters. Also, he said, a treaty should be drawn and ratified before Con- gress authorizes U. S. participa- tion in the work. The Ohioan foriyears had fought legislation to strthorize construc- tion of the huge seaway project by this nation alone. Although some opponents'of the seaway have soft- ened their attitudes since the Can- adian government announced plans to build it alone, McGregor indi- cated that this does-not worry him. If Canada wants to build it." he stated, "let her-go ahead. It won't cost the canal users any more in tolls than if we had built it ourselves." Archbishop Spellman In Rome for Rites ROME, York's Roman iathoiic archbishop, Francis Car- dinal Spellman: arrived here by plane today, to attend the great consistory which is elevating 24 clerics to the College of Cardinals. Spellman came from Korea, where he had spent Christmas with Jnited .Nations troops on, the -war ront Marines Start Own Probe of Error Bombing U.S. Navy Bombs Blamed in Death Of 14 Americans TOKYO (ffl- The U.S. Marines today started their own "new anc independent" investigation of strafing and bombing attack tha' killed 14 American soldiers anc nine on the Korean Central Front last week. An Air Force statement Sunday indicated Panther jet planes of the type used by Navy and Marine pilots may have been responsible It further reported Marine pilots were scheduled to attack the Reds north and east of the scene on the day of the mistaken attack. A Marine spokesman in Tokyo said the Marine air wing in Korea sent its own investigators to the scene to question witnesses anc inspect the damage. "We're starting out. from he said, "with a new and independent inquiry." The Tokyo announcement was made after an Air Force and Army team surveyed the area, eighl miles behind the front line. Orders from the defense department in Washington broke four days of official silence on the attack. The names of killed and wounded have not been disclosed. The Air Force said investigation established that an unexploded 500- pound bomb at the scene bore the marking, "U. S. Naval Powder (Magazine, Japan Bomb It also said experienced witness- es identified the planes as Panther I Jets. No spokesmen for any of the three American services suggested the attacking planes might have been Communist. Red jets rarely get south of Pyongyang, which lies about 100 miles north. Survivors at the bombed artillery service unit told investigators they believed two or more planes hit them but they could not be sure because of the high speed of the attackers. Rain and Snow Pelts Atlantic Coasts By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Rain and snow pelted both sea- boards today but without the vio- lence of last week's storms that exacted a toll of 39 lives and mil- lions of dollars of property -dam- age. Southwest Virginia had its heav- iest snowstorm of the new year- more than seven inches in Lee it was snowing again in the northeast, where as much as 20 inches fell last week. Moderate to heavy showers from Northern California to Washington were not attended by winds as se- vere as those which tore down power lines, blocked highways and set off landslides that blocked rail- road lines last weekend. Nearly everywhere in the nation today temperatures were moder- ate. Billings and Great Falls, Mont, with 68 and 62, and Phoenix and Yuma, Ariz., with 83s, for example, had the warmest Jan. 11- on record. The Plains states had many read- ings in the 40s, and chinook winds made 50 and 60-degree tempera- tures common in Wyoming and Montana. By way of contrast, however, Havre, Mont., only a short dis- tance north of Great Falls, report- ed 8 degrees. Atlanta's 28 Sunday night was that Georgia city's second coldest of the year. It was 32 Sunday at Amarilio, Tex., below zero in North Dakota, -12 at International Falls, Minn, and one above at Cadillac, Mich. 3 Missing in i Virginia Fire President-Elect Dwight D. Eisenhower greeted his son, Maj. John Eisenhower, as John arrived at La Guardia Field Sunday from Korea. The president-elect's son is home on a 15-day furlough to at- tend the inaugural on' Jan. 20. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) Ike Will Clear Jobs With Congressmen By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH NEW YORK GOP leaders said President-elect Eisen- hower "fully agreed" today to clear all federal appointive jobs m the future with Republican members of Congress. Sen Knowland of California, chairman of the Policy Committee, said after a conference the general had "fully agreed to follow the customary practice" of checking appointments with- GOP .awmakers. Sen. Taft of Ohio, the Senate majority leader, said Eisenhower's agreement to do this- represented "no reversal" of policy on his part, but the Ohioan added that the irra'ngement had helped to dispel confusion regarding the handling of job patronage. Knowland, Taft and Sen. Millikm of Colorado, chairman of the Con- ference of All Republican Senators, spent about IVe hours with the President-elect, with Eisenhower tha They came in advance of Eisen- hower's first meeting with his en- tire Cabinet Also scheduled to sit at the Cabinet conference were Vice President-elect Nixon and other top officials of the incoming administration. Taft and another delegation of, Senate leaders met Eisenhower two weeks ago to talk over patron- age as the Ohio senator put it, complaints by some Republicans in Congress that be general wasn't consulting them n advance about job assignments n the new administration. After that meeting Taft said the delegation had reached a general understanding with Eisenhower that such assignments would be checked through customary sena- ;orial channels. Last week, however, the senators decided that things weren't going as they had expected. So they ar- Continued on page 3, Column 5.) IKE Oil Industry Investigation Dropped WASHINGTON UP) President Truman ping of today ordered the drop- criminal anti-monopoly proceedings against five major oil companies provided the com- panies produce records for a civil suit. In a letter to Atty. Gen. Mc- Granery, Truman said he was act- ing "as a result of factors which have emerged since the institution of the current grand jury investi- gation of the international activi- ties of .the major oil companies." Truman's letter did not say what these "factors" are. There have been reports, however, that the National Security. up of the government's top policy planners was concerned grand.jury investigation would jeo- pardize U. S. global interests. Truman directed that McGranery confer with representatives of the companies "to ascertain if they will agree to enter into a stipulation" to make records available for civil case. The White House, a night club'in suburban' Golden Valley at Minneapolis burned in an early morning blaze. Owner Mike Troup estimated tie loss at The fire was discovered shortly after a.m. by a motorist in a nearby parking- lot, (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Hotel and Bar Burns, Two Other Blazes Implement Store Destroyed at Springfield By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Three elderly persons were miss- ing and feared dead in the ruins of the Ormonde Hotel at Virginia, one of three business building! swept by flames today in widely- separated Minnesota communities. The other blazes were at Spring- field and Minneapolis. Damage in the three fires was estimated at more than The fire which destroyed the Or- monde Hotel and Bar started at about 3 a. m., and the 40-room, three-story structure quickly burn- ed to the ground. Fire Chief Leon- ard Larson said the loss will ex- ceed Missing were Mrs. George St. Clair, 72, Hibbing; Ross Freel, 60, Minneapolis, and Mrs. Dana Nest, 84, of Superior, Wis. Freel is a construction worker. Mrs. Ness is the mother-in-law of Orville Bowersox, owner of. the ho- tel. Mrs. St. Clair and her husband arrived from Hibbing last night for a visit at Virginia. The woman checked into the hotel, and Bower- sox said she had room close to that occupied by Mrs. Ness. St. Clair spent.the night at the Vir- ginia home of a son. A Virginia school teacher. Cor- retta Emmett, wars hospitalized for shock after firemen rescued her by ladder from a third-floor room at the front of the hotel. At Springfield, an explosion start- ed a fire which destroyed a large building housing the Schilling Im- plement Store, a hardware store and the Wurmstein Garage. The blast blew out many windows in an area two blocks long and three blocks wide. The damage was es- timated unofficially at well over i with glass breakage alone figured at more than The explosion occurred at about a.m. Springfield Policeman Jack Schilling was near the scene of the blast when it occurred. He said he was knocked off his feet by the force.. Stert Burnt The third fire destroyed the White House Cafe and Liquor Store, 4900 Olson Memorial Highway, just west of- Minneapolis. The owner, Mike Troup, estimated the loss at 000. Fire departments from Gold- en Valley, Crystal and St. Park were called, but the blaze could not be halted. The fire' wai discovered shortly after a.m. by a motorist in a "nearby parking lot. Chief Larson said Virginia fire- men hoped to be able to start prob- ing the Ormonde ruins later in the day. Wall sections' were knocked into the smoldering embers as fire- men prepared to search for Mrs. Ness, Freel, and Mrs. St. Clair. Bowersox, owner of the hotel and son-in-law of the missing woman, only last week lost his wife. Mrs. Bowersox died after a long illness and her funeral was held at Su- perior, Wis., Started in Bar Chief Larson said the blaze ap- parently originated in the bar, closed at the time of the fire. All 33 Virginia firemen fought the flames, using three and a ladder company. Damage to the. adjoining Anderson building, bousing the Royal Hotel, and the Montgomery Ward building, -wai mainly from smoke and water. Stanley Florell of Minneapolis was one of the guests routed from the hotel. A truck driver, Florell: said he was just getting to sleep when he heard a yell He roused a man next door. Flor- ell dashed downstairs and fled the mining building. The Springfield explosion appar- ently occurred in the implement store. Several families living in second floor apartments were driven out. A Mrs. Steenhoven and Mary Ann leitzig, 14, suffered cuts on their feet from glass in the street. Almost every business place had at least one window broken. Resi- dences as far as four blocks away from the implement store bad brok- en windows.. Springfield is in Brown County, about 25 west of New Ulm.