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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 3, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Light Snow By Evening, Temperatures Same Dial 3322 To Place Your Want Ad VOLUME 52, NO. 270 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, JANUARY 3, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGES Congress Opens, Tax Cut Sen. Jcieph McCarthy, right, R-Wis., and Sen. John M. Butler, R-Md., hold a conference at 'caucus of Republicans in Washing- ton. Sen. McCarthy vr blasting back at the Senate Elections Com- mittee's challenge of his honesty, dared its members to try to bar him from being sworn in today for his second Senate term at opening of the 83rd Congress. Later in the day he was sworn- in- without a challenge. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) TODAY Busy Year Ahead for Ike, Nation By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON This is the offi cial turning of the year. In prac- tice, however, the new year will really begin for America and for the Western World, when Dwight D. Eisenhower takes his presiden tial oath. That day, in his inaugural ad- dress, Eisenhower will summon Americans to a new unity and a new sense of their high task, Sooi thereafter, he will reveal the broac outline of his practical program in his message on the State of the Union, which will be his first down- to-earth statement of policy. The two speeches, which Eisen- hower has already decided to dif- ferentiate in this manner, will sym- bolize together the two great goals he has set for himself. In an at- mosphere grown fetid with politi- cal squalor and political ugliness he hopes tc bring about a renewal of faith. And in a time when American policy sometimes seems to swing aimlessly, like a broken shutter in the wind, he hopes to achieve re-invigoration by works. Busy Year Assured One thing is clear, even now, about this great enterprise that Eisenhower is embarking on. It is going to make 1953 a wonderfully busy and probably argumentative year. The range of activity, the variety of the already foreseeable causes of debate, are little short of stupendous. The State Department is to be reorganized again John Foster Dulles has asked Donald B. Louris, president of the Quaker Oats Co., to undertake this grisly job as a second under secretary of state. While the policy-making machinery is in mid-upheavel, the Korean problem is to be boldly tackled certain of Eisenhower's advisors are now discussing the use of atom- ic weapons against the enemy ground forces there, which should provoke a major inter-Allied tur moil. Other great problems, like Indochina, are also to be firmly attacked and this can make trouble with the Congress. Will Xeeasf Budget The defense budget is to be re- cast among the Eisenhower-men there is much talk of canceling the bulk of the giant carrier program and otherwise "bringing the Navy, forces' level into line with national which should touch off still a third resounding contro- versy. While the existing defense program is being turned upside (Continued on Page S, Column 3) ALSOPS McCarthy Takes Seat Without New Challenge By G. MILTON KELLY WASHINGTON McCar- thy (R-Wis) was sworn in for a new Senate term today without any reference to an election subcom- mittee's challenge to his honesty. The Wisconsin senator, blasting back earlier at the committee re- port, had dared members of the group to try to keep him out of the seat. When McCarthy's name was call- ed today there was a hush, but no voice was raised to contest his right to be seated for his second term. He was accompanied to the front of the chamber by Sen. Wiley, his Republican colleague from Wiscon- sin. There was a roar as McCarthy signed the register, but is was' not aimed at him. Sen, Margaret Chase Smith (R- Me) had come up with her new Income Levy Relief Asked For June 30 Rep. Reed, New House Committee Chairman, Acts WASHINGTON UP) The new chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee called on Con- gress today to reduce income tax- es on most individuals by about 11 per cent effective June 30. Rep. Reed announcing he -was introducing a bill for this tax relief on the opening day of Congress, said "thousands of small taxpayers have placed their trust in the Republican "party." Reed, whose committee must start all tax legislation, also urged that excess profits taxes, now bring- ing in an estimated billion dol- lars annually, be allowed to expire simultaneously with the income tax cut on June 30. The June 36 expiration date for excess profits taxes is automatic under present laws. These laws also provide an 11 per cent income tax but not until Dec. 31. Reed made it clear and many Congressmen apparently share the he doesn't want to permit a big tax reduction for business right away, and make individuals wait. Long Hearing There were some signs Reed may want to push his bill through quick- ly, possibly without long hearings, so the Senate would have plenty of time to act by June 30. Then ie would be ready to proceed with a more thorough study of the en- tire tax picture. But some committee members were sure to object to such a favoring instead a full airing uf broad tax questions before any action whatever. They also want to see how the budget is 'coming out before they act on taxes. Rep. Boggs a commit- :ee member, told a reporter he 'avored Reed's idea of simultane- ous individual and excess profits tax reductions but he also thought excise (sales) tax cuts "definitely should be considered." Rep. Dingell second rank- :ng Democrat un the committee, announced introduction of a bill :o repeal the amusements Dingell said the tax, which The Rev. Bernard Braikamp, chaplain, delivers the opening prayer as the House of Representatives of the 83rd Congress con- vened at noon today. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) tax. adds 'Shivering Sparrows' Slap Reds With Salvo SEOUL W A Communist loud- speaker team broadcasting its nightly program of harassment told one South Korean outpost Friday night: "Stop shivering like sparrows in the cold. Surrender." The South Koreans replied with a blast of thereafter en- joyed a silent night colleague, former Gov. Frederick G. Payne of Maine, and Vice Pres- ident Barkley gallantly kissed Mrs. Smith's hand. McCarthy turned around to'see what had happened and then joined in the laughter. Diplomat Kohler Suspended 30 Days WASHINGTON (ffl State Department today removed diplo- mat Foy D. Kohler from its policy planning staff and suspended him for 30 days without pay in a follow- up of his arrest for drunkenness while carrying secret papers. Kohler, 44, had paid a fine of in suburban Arlington County, Va., for public intoxication. His wife has appealed a county court conviction of drunken driving. The Kohlers' car ran into a tele- phone pole in Arlington at 2 a. m. Dec. 6. Subsequently the State De- partment press office said Kohler violated security regulations 'by having with him papers marked "secret." The Kohlers were on their way home from a party. langer Sworn In at Capitol WASHINGTON Xanger (R-ND) today was sworn in for his third six-year term at the open- ing of the new Congress despite 'a move to block his seating. J. B. Bridston, a North Dakota state senator and 14 others from that state had filed a' petition ask- ing that Langer aside" without taking the oath until' an in- vestigation could be made of the various private immigration bills he sponsored, Langer was accompanied by Sen. Young (R-ND) when he was given the oath by Vice President Bark- ley. 20 per cent to the price of theater ickets, is forcing many movie louses to close down and is bring- ing "devastation upon the motion picture Federal Income Reed, in a speech prepared for .delivery to. the House, said his .tax cut bill would reduce federal in- come by only in the 'fiscal' year starting next July 1, from an estimated 69 billion this year: He also promised that with a tight -check on spending, "we can have the tax relief provided in my bill and also achieve our major goal of a balanced budget." N.Y. Streets Bare of Buses For 3rd Day NEW YORK streets were bare of buses for the third straight'day today as union of- ficials shunned all attempts to set- tle the' strike against eight private lines. With, the long holiday delaying the full impact of the walkout by drivers and maintenance men, the lull pointed up what will happen on itonday when mil- lion bus fares are affected. Car pools got under way yesterday and taxicabs did a thriving busi- ness. Michael J. Quill, president of the CIO Transport Workers Union, said yesterday that Mayor Vincent R. Impellitteri's mediation -com-1 mittees "have nothing to bloody incidents in this race-con- Holiday Traffic Death Rate Down By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The nation's accidental deaths in the extended New Year holiday are running far behind last week's record Christmas toE. The total at past the half way mark was 304 compared tc 432 for the same'perioS-in the Christmas holiday. The biggest reduction w.as in traffic deaths. Motor mishaps sinci 2 White Women Repel Africans NAIROBI, Kenya an Two white women repelled an African armed gang which attacked their farm near Nyeri Friday night. Three Af- ricans were killed. It was the latest of a series of and added: 'Don't Arbitrate' "Arbitration is out of the ques- tion right now. We have been in- structed by the executive boarc and it is, 'Don't arbitrate.' In Albany yesterday, Goy Thomas E, Dewey offered the aid of all state agencies to help settle the dispute, mainly involving the union demand for a 40-hour work week and a 25-cent hourly pay boost. Available to the city, Dewey said, were' the State Mediation Service, the Public Service Com- mission ment. and the Labor Depart- Her Money Gone and her dream of marriage smashed, Mrs. Helen A. Malewicz of Grand-Rapids, Mich., and her daughters, Helen, 15, and Patricia, 10, thank Boston taxi-driver Anthony Pizzi who turned them over to traveler's aid officials when her "lonely hearts" romance cracked up. Persuaded 'by her mail-order Mrs. Malewicz came to.Boston. She .found her prospec- tive husband was a total invalid; was being cared for by his aged mother, and was not the man shown in .photographs he sent her. scious British colony. British troops were called in last autumn to aid local authorities curb anti-whii; terrorist activities of the Mau Mau Society. The women are Mrs. Dorothy Raynes-Simson, a well known ten- nis player here, and Mrs. Kitty Helselburger, a widow. They were seated in the farm house when a gang of six entered. One of the intruders seized Mrs. Helselburger by the throat. Mrs. Raynes-Simson shot a second in- truder dead as he lunged toward her with a short sword. Then turned and fired at the man who was struggling' with her friend. The gang ran from the room. The women shot after the fleeing attackers and two Africans later were found dead outside. 3 Crewmen Killed In Plane Crash RALEIGH, N. C. Air Force- transport plane, groping through driving rain and fog, crashed near the Durham-Raleigh Airport about midnight. 1 Three officer crewmen were kill- ed but one sergeant escaped when he apparently was thrown clear. Battered, bloody-and dazed, the crewman, T. Sgt. Edward Matus, staggered into the airport about 1 a.m. to report his C47 transport had crashed while attempting an emergency landing. More than six hours after Matus gave the alarm a search party found the wreckage of the two-en- gined plane Vi mile from the air- port. Donaldson Air Force Base at Greenville, S. C., said the plane and its crew o! four, was returning from a routine training flight. Ike Successor At Columbia U NEW YORK re- ports today say Dr. Grayson Kirk, acting president of Columbia Uni- versity, will be named president of the university on Monday to suc- ceed President-elect Eisenhower. Kirk, 49, has been acting presf-' dent of Columbia since. Dec, 19, .950, when Eisenhower went on eave to become supreme com- mander of NATO. 5 p.m. Wednesday have killed 225 persons compared with 336 in th comparative period during th Christmas holiday. In other acci dental deaths' since Wednesday evening, 27 persons have lost their lives in fires and 52 were killed in miscellaneous accidents. In the 102-hour Christmas bolidaj period, 744 persons were killed in accidents, including a record 556 in traffic mishaps. The curren survey will continue to midnigh Sunday. In a similar 102-hour period last New Year's, there were 611 accidental deaths, including 375 in traffic. The National Safety Council has estimated 410 deaths on the high- ways during the New Year holiday period. In the first 11 months o: 1952 traffic deaths averaged 102 every 24 hours. The average in eluded deaths which occurred days or weeks aftef victims were in- jured. Minnesota Records 6th Holiday Death ALEXANDRIA, Minn, tfl Min- nesota Friday recorded its sixth traffic fatality during the extended New Year's holiday. Henry Schultz, about 50, Leaf Valley, died in a Parkers Prairie hospital shortly after his car went off Highway 29, about 16 miles north of Alexandria. A companion, Max Hertwig, Lake Miltona farmer, suffered head and hand cuts. Wisconsin New Year Accidents Kill 8 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Accidents have killed eight per sons in. Wisconsin since the long few Year's weekend began Wed- nesday evening. Stephen Huber, 3, of Racine, was killed in a four-car collision Fri- day in Milwaukee. His parents, brother and sister were injured. Harry Miller, 66, of Milwaukee was fatally injured when a car hit him at a Milwaukee intersection. Six other 'accidental deaths were reported earlier. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and cloudiness tonight, mostly cloudy Sunday. Light snow beginning late this or evening. Little change in temperature. Low to- night 14, high Sunday 26. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 30; minimum, 20; noon, 25; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sua rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (North Central Observations) Max. Temp. 26 at p. m. Fri- day, Min. 19 at p. ra. Noon readings clouds overcast at 500 feet, visibility 15 miles, wind 7. miles per hour from northwest, barometer steady, humidity 72 per cent. Ike Doing Lot Of Listening At Conferences NEW YORK Eisenhower is doing a lot of listen- ing ,to a steady parade of callers these pre-inauguration days, but apparently is steering away from policy commitments in most cases. Visitor after visitor at the gen- eral's Commodore Hotel head- quarters report the general ex- pressed deep interest in subjects they discussed with that he stops short of voicing his opinions. The subjects range from various phases of foreign policy to dozens of equally controversial domestic issues. The callers range from representatives of foreign govern- ments to 'scores of Americans interested in all sorts of projects. One visitor who said he was paying only a social call summed up the general's typical reaction perhaps better than he realized. Spyros Skouras, a motion picture executive, said he told Eisenhower of the impressions he got os the Far East on a recent trip to that area. And how, newsmen asked, did Eisenhower react? "Have you ever talked with a Skouras laughed, refer- ring to himself. "The Greek does all the talking. He (Eisenhower) said thank you." Actually, Eisenhower has no lack of ability for getting a word in edgewise in the case of even the most talkative guests. But he ob- viously prefers just to listen most of the time. It's different, of course, when he is. meeting with the top echelon of the new admin- istration. But the high command is being just about as silent about ie policies being formulated as is Eisenhowsr. Mary Wolfe, five-year-old was found beaten to death and stuffed into a water filled rain barrel in Des Arc, Ark. First degree murder charges have been filed against the child's foster parents, James W. Head, 42, and his wife, Linda, 33. Mrs. Head admitted under questioning that the child was prior to her death. Whereabouts of the foster father sre unknown. (AP Wire- photo) Government Spending Will Be Curtailed Transfer Complete When Ike Takes Over on Jan. 20 By WILLIAM F. AR BOG AST and WILLIAM T. PEACOCK WASHINGTON WV-The new Re- publican-controlled Congress con- vened today and swept through its organizing session without falling into any of the scraps threatened for the iirst day. Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio, a tight hand on the reins as Republi- can floor leader, won Senate con- sent for: 1. The immediate swearing in of all senators whose right to a seat is in contest. A Senate com- mittee will consider the protests later. 2. A delay until Tuesday of any debate over Senate rules. A group of senators is out to get a new rule making it easier to shut off filibusters and had threatened a floor fight at the outset. The Senate was in session ah hour and 10 minutes, adjourning until Tuesday: The House meeting ran longer. The Republicans have set their sights on cutting government spend- ing and reducing taxes. The rap of gavels in Senate and House brought the 83r3 National Legislature Into being with the jubilant GOP in the majority for only the second time in 22 years. They sounded also the beginning of the end of 20 years of Democratic "New Deal-Fair Deal" administra- tion. On Jan. 20, Republican President- elect Dwight D. Eisenhower will be inaugurated, giving his party full national responsi- the first time since Herbert Hoover's first two years in the White House: 192940. The GOP had lost control 'of Congress in Hoover's last two years. The last Republican Congress was in 1947-48. Rep. Charles Halleck of Indiana, chosen by House Republicans as their floor leader, named a cut in. government costs as the No. 1 task of the new Congress. He predicted it can be done without endanger- ing security or hampering govern- ment services. Reed Bill And Rep. Reed who be- comes chairman of the 'tax-writing House Ways Means Committee, came to the opening session with a bill already prepared to reduce income taxes of most individuals by 11 per cent effective June 30. Reed declared: "We can have the tax relief provided in my bill and also achieve our major goal of a balanced budget. The present iiigh individual income tax rates are preventing all segments of our people from realizing a higher standard of living." Rep. Dingell a mem- ber of the Ways and Means Com- mittee, had a bill to do away with the amusement tax which adds 20 per cent to the cost of theater and movie tickets. But most GOP leaders were taking the line that Congress must first see what it can do about reducing expenses before consider- ing tax cuts. Next Friday, the legislators will get President Truman's proposed budget for the new fiscal year, beginning July 1. This is expected to call for spend- ing around 80 billion dollars. Today's congressional meeting was chiefly one for getting the House members and new senators sworn in and making official the slates of officers al- ready chosen by the Republicans in party meetings Friday. Big (HUM Ahead The big foreseeable issues facing the new Congress, under the leadership of Robert A. Taft in Senate and Speaker Joseph W. Martin Jr.' in the House, deal with taxes, federal spending, labor, for. eign aid, the war in Korea, price- wage-rent controls, immigration and tidelands, oil, to name a few. The big question mark banging over it What will Taft do? v The answers may not be forth- coming for several months, when the job of actual legislating gets under way. As in other Congresses, the first few months will be spent in or- ganizing and getting legislation prepared. Major organization starts today? with Republicans putting, their men in key posts in the Senate and the House. Election of Taft as majority ate leader and Martin as House: speaker was assured yesterday- when they were made the unani- mous nominees of their party. tual election today is a formality, since the GOP outnumbers 'the Democrats in both branches, to 211 in the House and 48 to 41 in the Senate. There are two Dem-' (Continued en Page 14, Column t.) CONORESS
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