Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 30, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Colder Tonight, Light Snow Wednesday Afternoon Dial 3322 To Place Your Want Ad VOLUME 52, NO. 267 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 30, 1952 FOURTEEN Ike and Taft Map Legislative Plans Traveling It Risky business these days in high Sierra Nevada mountains where highways are cov- ered with snow. Above is a typical scene with motorists stopped to put on chains. Sign at right warns vehicles without chains on rear wheels pro- hibited. More than six feet of snow has fallen in the area and the forecast is for more snow tonight. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) State Public Examiner Asks Broader Powers By JACK B. MACKAY ST. PAUL 1953 Legislature will be urged by Richard A. Coiling, state public examiner, to change state bribery laws so he will haye broad powers to investigate bribes of any kind where public officials are involved. Strengthening of the bribery statutes has been Gol- ling Said, ever since a Minnesota Supreme Court decision in October, 1951, in the state's case against TODAY Dulles Set For Trip To Europe By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP NEW YORK For the future, there is a lot of interest in the idea of an Eisenhower-Stalin meet- ing, which has so suddenly been injected into the.-news. As a matter of fact, it can be said on good au- thority that both the new Presi- dent and his future secretary of state, John Foster Dulles, had been weighing this same idea before Generalissimo Stalin indicated he was not opposed to it. In the State Department, more- over, the thinking of the foremost American diplomatic experts has been running These future on the same lines, advisers of Dulles and Eisenhower reason that it will be cruelly difficult to limit the Korean war, if a grand offensive is launched. They admit that the only way to end the war is to make it hurt the other side more, so long negotiations seem hopeless. Yet they do not believe that either the Russians or the Chinese desire to risk an unlimited war in the Far East. Hence they argue that there may be a good chance of a peaceful settlement in Korea, if President- elect Eisenhower and Generalissi- mo Stalin get together to "talk cold turkey." Sound Judgment In these circumstances, it is a proof of the sound political judg- ment of the new President and the new secretary of state that they are still inclined to give priority to the problem of Europe. In Europe at the moment, the West- ern Alliance is showing signs of a very great and terrible strain. If these strains reach the breaking Eisenhower meets Stalin with the Western Alliance divided and dissolving in his will not have a bargaining leg to stand on. In such circumstances, Stalin will only be interested in playing a waiting game, in order to see what prizes he may grab from the ruins of the West. Hence it can be said on. the high- est authority that the present plan, is for John Foster Dulles to go to Europe, and to meet with the Al- lied leaders, as soon as he has taken his oath ds secretary of state. The need, as forecast some time ago in reports from Europe in this is urgent. The NATO plan for European defense, originally drawn by Eisenhower himself, is being chopped Both in France and Germany, opposition is (Continued on Page 3, Column 7.) ALSOPS- in the state's John E. Lowrie, Lake City night club operator. In that decision, the high court ruled Coiling had exceeded his au- thority in investigating bribery. The court held that the public examiner had no power to delve into suspect- ed bribes unless they were con- nected with disposition of public property. Lowrie was indicted on a charge of attempted bribery. He had been accused of giving money to a self- appointed emissary to induce the county attorney not to enforce the anti-gambling law against Lowrie. Later, however, the charge against Lowrie was dropped but on another principle of law. When the investigation of the Lowrie affair was completed, Goll- ing found that the county attorney had not been offered or given any money, and the county attorney was innocent. But Golling's investi- gators reported that Hollie Cliff, who committed suicide, was the self-appointed emissary who pre- tended he could "handle" the coun- ty attorney as a scheme to extort about from Lowrie. Fortunately, Coiling said, "the more than 30 bribery prosecutions instituted by the public examiner in recent years have been of the variety upheld by the court. They concerned governmental purchases and the deals called for expenditure of public money." A number of county commission- ers and school board members have been convicted of bribery as an outgrowth of Golling's investi- gations. Golling has been public examiner since 1943. In disclosing today that he would urge the Legislature to broaden the bribery laws, Golling explained: "The true facts must be un- earthed by investigation. Conse- quently, the public examiner in some situations as a result of the supreme court's decision would be faced with a dilemma of uncer- tainty until the investigation was over and the facts ferreted out. Only then would he know whether, under the judicial interpretation of the present laws, he had exceeded his authority or not. A legislative clarification defining the investi- gating powers of the public exam- iner is essential." Golling said he felt confident the legislature will approve his request. Still water Prison Report Expected ST. PAUL report on what state investigators found during their recently-concluded probe of Stillwater prison is expected to be made public before the weekend. This was indicated today as Jarle Leirfallom, acting director of state institutions, prepared to confer with Gov. Anderson this afternoon. Leirfallom said he would discuss the investigators' findings with the governor in a closed session. Leirfallom led a team of inter- viewers into the prison Dec. 17 fol- lowing discovery of a small quan- tity of whisky, saws and other con- traband items in the prison. Death of Rich Rancher Listed As Accidental Ollie William Cox SWEETWATER, Tex. un The death of Ollie William Cox, young rancher who told friends by air- craft radio, he was going to plunge his plane into the then did been listed officially as an accident. A complete report on the crash and death of the wealthy 23-year- old rancher will be made later by Civil Aeronautics Board's Bu- reau of Safety Investigations. I Justice of the Peace M, C. Man- roe, however, yesterday returned, a verdict of accidental plane crash as the cause of death. The youth's father agreed. "The boy didn't intend to kill Fort Stockton, Tex., rancher Ollie Cox said. "He was just kidding his friends and lost control of the plane." Manroe said, "How do we know that the man didn't change his mind 10 seconds before he hit the ground? How do we know he' didn't black After friends had pleaded' with him for three hours Sunday morn- ing, Cox picked out a gravel pit on a ranch near here as a target and dived from an altitude of feet. "I'll meet you at the gravel he told the friends by radio. Minutes before h is five-place plane plowed into mesquite-studded terrain he had said, "If you had done what I did, what would you wouldn't land." At inter- vals he could be heard sobbing. Truman to Ask Federal Budget Of Billion Billion Deficit Indicated, Defense Spending Lagging By FRANK O'BRIEN WASHINGTON UB An informed administration source said today President Truman will call upon the new Congress to vote about 73V4 billion dollars in new appro- priations next year. He predicted government ex- penditures of "somewhat under" 80 billion dollars subject, of course, to changes by the incoming Eisenhower administration. Spending in the present fiscal year, the source said, will proba- bly, fall between four and five bil- lion dollars below the latest offi- cial estimate, due to lags in de- fense expenditures, but tax collec- tions will be about what was pre- viously estimated. That would mean a five to six billion dollar budget deficit at the end of next June in place of the j present official estimate of i Deficit Lower On a cash income and outgo i basis, the deficit, according to this j information, from a man who i asked that he not be named, would be from two to three billion dollars instead of the present estimate of nearly seven billions cash deficit. Actual government spending al- ways varies from the amounts voted by Congress because of de- livery time lags. The present fiscal next June 30; fiscal 1954. President-elect Eisenhower can make any changes he wishes in the budget program which the law requires Truman to lay before Con- gress only a fortnight before he leaves office. Congress can also make changes. The Truman administration source said defense spending this fiscal year will not exceed 47 to 48 billion dollars, instead of the presently estimated 51 billions, and that total government outgo will be around 75 billions, instead of 79 billions. Defense Spending He said that in the new budget, Truman will place defense expen- ditures for fiscal 1954 at approxi- mately 51 billion dollars, including money already voted by Congress, and will ask for new defense ap- propriations of about 41 billions. These figures did not include atomic energy expenditures, or money for construction of bases and replacement of material losses in Korea. Thus, Truman would be recom- mending defense spending in fis- cal 1954 of approximately three to four billion dollars more than the source estimated it will run in the current fiscal year. Truman would be asking for new defense appropriations five billion dollars less than the 46 billions of this year. The source said other appropriation requests for fiscal 1954 will be about three billions under appropriations this year. Truman will call for foreign aid Father Hugh O'Connor of St. Brigid's Church of Mt. Wilson, Calif., gives aid to Louis Reiners, 11, after the boy was pulled to the top of a cliff from which he had fallen. He was hoisted from the bottom of the steep canyon in a wire basket by the U.S. Forestry Service men and volunteers. Taken Co a Glendale, Calif., hospital, he was found to have a skull fracture and possibly a broken back. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) and atomic energy expenditures of one to two billions above this year's figures, according to this information. New School Head Named at Mankato MANKATO, Minn. 0. Johnson, 43, superintendent of schools at Northfield, becomes superintendent here beginning with the next school year. Johnson, who had previously been superintendent at Mountain Lake, Janesville and Verdi, was named by the Mankato School Board to replace J. E. Anderson, who will retire because of age. Self-Financing Farm Program May Be Restored WASHINGTON (JB-The incoming Eisenhower administration prpb-. ably will seek ways of returning to the "self-financing" features of early New Deal farin programs. The Republicans are committed to broad price support programs which over the last 18 years have cost taxpayers slightly more than a billion dollars. But President-elect Eisenhower, as well as Ezra Taft Benson, his choice to be secretary of agricul- ture, have made known a desire to reduce the cost of price support programs. Early New Deal programs were financed in part- by what were called processing is, taxes levied> on the first processing operation of a farm product, such as the milling of wheat into flour, slaughter of hogs for pork, and so on. This tax was knocked out by a 1936 Supreme Court decision which declared the then existing Agricultural Adjustment Act to be unconstitutional. Since that time, costs of support- ing farm prices have fallen on the Treasury. Methods of self-financing price guarantee programs discussed by farm leaders in recent, years in- clude two-price systems, processing taxes and price insurance. Under the two-price system, farmers would contribute to a fund to finance export of surpluses at cut-rate prices. They would get the benefit of a high-level supported price on products consumed do- a deduction for the export fee. Under the processing tax plan, the government would collect fees Pope Blasts Communist Persecution of Church VATICAN CITY Pius XII in a bitter encyclical today sharply criticized persecution of Catholic churches of the Oriental Rite, almost all of which are behind the Iron Curtain. The Pope's encyclical, addressed to patriarchs, archbishops, bishops and local ordinaries of Oriental churches, called for a crusade of from processing of farm products. The money obtained would be used to pay costs of supporting prices of affected farm commodities. Such a tax now pays the cost of support- ing grower prices of sugar cane and sugar beets. Under the price insurance plan, growers would take out govern- ment insurance policies to protect them against price declines below designated levels. The price insurance and the self- financing type of two-price plans differ from the processing tax in one major feature. The cost of the former would be borne by farmers while the processing tax would be in the final analysis, by con- sumers of the farm products in- volved. The HP-80, world's first "crescent-wing" bomber, is presented at Boscoms, England, where it completed flight tests recently. The new British long-range bomber, with four jet engines, is said to have more power than 25 modern railroad loco- motives. prayer, to exhort that these "grave offenses" be appeased. The Pope's letter especially men- tioned the persecution of the j church in Bulgaria, where Bishop Eugene Bossilkoff, bishop of Nico- polis, and three other priests re- cently were condemned to death. The Catholic dhurches of the Oriental Rite recognize the author- ity of the Pope but do not follow all the Roman customs and cere- i monials. They are not to be con- j fused with the Greek or Russian Orthodox churches. The Pontiff also mentioned per- secutions in Romania and the So- viet Ukraine which he said were directed both against the faithful of the Oriental Rite and those of the Latin Rite. "Communist government author- ities seek to banish from pub- lic life, from the domestic scene, from universities, from schools, and from the life of all populations, the sacred rites, institutions and laws, indeed all that is divine or has relation to divinity as if they were dealing with matters of my- thology and evil the encyc- bomb, lical said. He did Foreign Agents Penetrated 1st Atom Bomb Base By VERN HAUGLAND WASHINGTON UP) Col. Paul W. Tibbets, pilot of the plane which dropped the first atomic bomb on Japan, said today for- eign agents penetrated the secret B29 base in Utah where the first A-bomb crew was trained. Tibbets said agents of two for- eign countries were arrested with- in the closely guarded airbase at Wendover, Utah, at a time when only a handful of scientists and Other Senate Leaders Attend N.Y. Meeting Program Will Be Outlined to Congress Soon By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH NEW YORK UP) President- elect Eisenhower rounded out preliminary draft of his legislative program at a conference today with Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio and Hber Senate Republican lead- ers. The senators were those who will have a key role in how far the general's legislative program gets in Congress. Besides Taft, slated to be Senate majority leader, those sitting in at today's conference in- cluded: Senators Styles Bridges of New Hampshire, prospective president pro tempore of the pre- siding officer in the absence of the vice president; Eugene D. Mil- likin of Colwado, chairman of the Conference of All GOP Senators; and Leverett Saltonstall of Mas- sachusetts and Milton R. Young; North Dakota, members of the Sen- ate Republican Policy Committee. Eisenhower discussed on Dec. 18 with House Republican leaders the now administration's legisla- tive program which the general will outline to Congress shortly af- ter his inauguration Jan. 20, Aides said much preliminary work already has been done on the program and that Eisenhower hoped the first stages would be completed at today's meeting. Addi- tional conferences with congres- sional leaders are planned for study of the final draft. Eisenhower announced yesterday that after his inauguration he will appoint Robert Cutler, president and director of the Old Colony Trust Company of Boston, as in administrative assistant to the president. Cutler, 57 and a Republican, I served ZF an adviser to Eisen- high military men knew about the The Pope did not mention Yugoslavia specifically nor where the i had not name the countries say whether the agents an opportunity to learn had any Communist government of Premier I secrets. He said he did not know Marshal Tito recently broke one of the last diplomatic ties the Vatican had with any Red govern- ment. The break followed Vatican announcement that Archbishop Alojzijc Stepinac was to be elevat- ed soon to the College of Cardinals. Fire Kills Three, Three Missing CHICAGO W) Threu persons perished and three others were be- lieved burned to death in a fire Monday which destroyed a South Side furniture store and warehouse. An explosion preceded the spectac- ular blaze. The cause" was undetermined. Fire Marshal Michael J. Corrigan estimated Che damage at to Firemen found the bodies of two men and a woman in the smolder- ing ruins of the four-story building of the General Furniture Co. at 6155 South Halsted St. They were tentatively identified as company employes. Firemen said another employe, a salesman, and two unidentified women customers were reported seen in the basement at the time of the explosion and presumably were trapped by flames. Firemen continued searching the debris for their bodies. About 16 employes were in the store, located in the heart of the city's largest neighborhood busi- ness when the fire broke out. AH except four were accounted for, police said. Police identified the dead as Harold Kistner, 54, the store's per- sonnel manager; Earl Hildebrand, 55, advertising manager, and Miss Elaine Lapka, 26, a bookkeeper. The missing employe was Alvin Kessell, 55. what became of the agents, that the Manhattan Pistrict took charge of them. The Manhattan District was the Army code name for the A-bomb development project. There was no immediate oppor- tunity to ask him about these de- ta.ils, and no immediate comment from the Pentagon. Tibbets made the statement while chatting informally early to- day with Air Force officials and others following a private showing of a new motion picture based in large part on his experiences. Among those in the small group with which he talked was secre- tary of the Air Force Finletter, who showed signs of incredulity. Finletter asked how it could have been possible for spies to get into one of the most carefully guarded spots in the United States. Tibbets replied Wendover was a busy bus and rail stop and the base itself was built on a fenced- off desert area on the Nevada- Utah border, a locality difficult to screen completely even with high- ly trained military police on band. N. Korean POW's Christians HONG KONG (.fl Evangelist Billy Graham said today more than North Korean prisoners of war have graduated from the 28 Bible institutes established at their camps and have vowed never to re- turn to their Communist homeland. Graham is en route to the U. S. after a tour of the Korean war zone. State Polio Cases Total in '52 ST. PAUL total of cases of polio have been reported in Minnesota this year, the State Health Department said today. There have been 193 deaths. FBI Chief Calk NEW YORK Chief J. Edgar Hoover visited briefly today with President- elect Eisenhower, and then conferred with Tlerbert Brow- nell Jr., who will be attorney general in the new adminis- tration. Hoover was an unannounced visitor at the general's Hotel Commodore headquarters. Ei- senhower headquarters de- scribed it as a courtesy call. Brownell announced last month when he was named to the Cabinet that he had ask- ed Hoover to stay on as di- rector of the FBI. hower during the election cam- paign. As an ..dministrative assistant, he will deal especially with National Security Council, co-ordi- nating its work with that of other agencies and departments. Eisenhower discussed interna- tional economic problems at a luncheon meeting yesterday with Paul G. Hoffman, former chief of the Marshall Plan foreign aid pro- gram and now director of the Ford Foundation; Milton Katz, former U. S. special representative in Europe and now associate direc- tor of the Ford Foundation, and John J. McCloy, former U. S. high commissioner to Germany. Cutler also attended. Rep. Tburston B. Morton (R-Ky) said last night in Louisville he had been asked by John Foster Dulles, Eisenhower's choice for secretary of state, to take a State Depart- ment post. He said he was un- decided. Morton did not seek re-election to the bouse in November. It was reported at Cody, Wyo., last night that Milward L. Simp- son, Cody attorney, had decided to accept a post as an assistant sec- retary under Oregon Gov. Doug- las McKay, Eisenhowers' cnoict for secretary of the interior. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy and somewhat colder to- night. Wednesday mostly cloudy, possibly light snow in afternoon. Low tonight 12, high Wednesday 28. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 28; minimum, 14; noon, 28; precipitation, trace of snow; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (North Ctntral Observations) Max. temp. 28 at noon, min. 22 at p.m. Monday. Noon read- ings Clouds overcast at feet, wind calm, visibility four miles with fog, barometer 30.01 rising, humidity 95 per cent.