Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 27, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Sunday, Not So Cold VOLUME 52, NO. 265 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 27, 1952 Dial 3322 To Place Your Want Ad FOURTEEN PAGES Mary Lynn Bidden, 6, is comforted by her mother Mrs. Evelyn Baddon of Los Angeles, Calif., after she was clawed by a mountain lion, left, which escaped from its cage at an animal train- ing compound in Los Angeles Friday. Thirteen stitches were required to close wounds on her back, face and arms. The girl and two small boys were being shown the lions when an attendant opened the lion's cage to remove some leftover food. The animal, who is used in motion pictures, leaped out and clawed the girl until he was wrestled back into the cage. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Churchill Asks Share Any Ike- Defense Dept. Asks ,000 Draftees TODAY Eisenhower Specializes In Defense By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP NEW YORK Next to the for- eign policy line (which it must deeply effect) the character of President-elect Eisenhower's De- fense Department is the most im- portant thing to know about in the new administration. The evidence, as disclosed by careful inquiry among the men around Eisenhower, is extremely conflicting. On the one hand, there lire strong hints that the new pre- sident expects the civilian chiefs of the Pentagon to supervise pro- curement and production, while the uniformed Chiefs of Staff make the "military" decisions. This is suggested by Eisenhow- er's selection of five exceedingly able and important business lead- ers for the top Defense Depart- ment offices. It is also suggested by Eisenhower's well-known in- tention to bring into the Joint Chiefs of Staff a team of men who command his personal confidence. The men most often mentioned are Gen. Alfred Gruenther for the Army; Gen. Lauris Norstad for the Air Force, Adm. Arthur Radford for the Navy, and Gen. W. Bedell Smith as chairman of the Joint Chiefs. Illusion Patting On the other hand, returns of a rather different nature have now come in from the Washington brief- ing of the prospective Defense Se- cretary, Charles E. Wilson, and his staff by incumbent Secretary Ro- bert A. Lovett and his co-workers. One of the day's more significant moments occurred when Wilson asked Lovett how much time he would have to devote to problems like congressional relations, rela- tions with other nations arising from the foreign military aid pro- gram, and so on. Lovett replied that these would take about half his time. Wilson then asked how much time he would have left for the production program. About 10 per cent, was Lovett's estimate. There is no doubt that the new Eisenhower defense appointees ori- ginally thought they would mainly busy themselves with organizing production and enforcing economy. But already, this illusion is pass- ing. Already, it is becoming plain to these key men of the Eisenhow- er Cabinet that there is no such thing as a purely "military" deci- sion on the highest level. Already they are grasping the central point that all so-called military decisions (Continued on Page Column 5.) ALSO PS 1 Fraser, Colo., Coldest in U.S. FRASER, Colo, is get- ting to be old stuff to residents of this little cattle aH timber town on a mountain plateau in West-Central Colorado. It was the coldest place in the country to- day for the second day in a row, with a low of 31 below zero. WASHINGTON UP) The De- fense Department today asked Se- lective Service for draftees in February, the biggest levy for man- power in almost two years. All requests are for the Army. The Navy, Marine Corps and Air Force have returned to their origin- al programs of depending on volun- teer recruiting. Today's announcement brings the total of calls since the draft re- started in September, 1950, to The, February levy compares with peak calls for men in January, February and March, 1951. The next highest call was for November, 1950. Vienna to Invite Ike and Stalin VIENNA, Austria Chancellor Dr. Leopold Figl will invite U. S. President-elect Eisen- Strong America Can Keep Peace, Truman Believes (Editor's note: The writer of this story, which is bused on a personal interview with Presi- dent Truman, has covered Tru- man throughout his nearly eight years in the White House. It is one of a series of interviews being granted by the President to a small group of newspapermen who have covered him daily since he entered the White House.) By ERNEsfT VACCARO WASHINGTON Wl President Truman is getting ready to leave i new President. On that trip, the office convinced that a strong Prime Minister likely will take Premier to Sail For New York on New Year's Eve Old Welcome, Says President-elect LONDON ffl Minister Churchill will sail for New York New Year's Eve to talk over global .problems informally with President-elect Eisenhower, pay his respects to President Truman in Washington and fly to Jamaica for a two-week tropical holiday. j The announcement of the 78- year-old Prime Minister's trip on the liner Queen Mary was made today by his office at 10 Downing Street. Lloyd's shipping under- writers estimated 'Churchill would arrive in the U. S. Jan. 4 but added that winter ship' crossings are often delayed by heavy weath- er. In New York, Eisenhower said, "I have heard that my old friend was coming and I am delighted to meet him." To Discuss Meeting Diplomatic informants said dur- ing his three days in New York, Churchill will discuss with the President-elect the Korean War, British-American trade and finan- cial co-operation and defense prob- lems in West Europe and South- east Asia. It is likely, also, that the two leaders will talk over the possi- bility of a meeting with Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin. Informed London sources pre- dicted Churchill also would pay a second official one, this the United States after the Jan'. 20 inauguration of the America, co-operating with strong and healthy partner nations, can j and R A Butler, chancellor of the Sen. Pat McCarran author of the nation's newest anti- Communist screen, watches as crew members are questioned aboard the liner Santa Rosa on her arrival in New York from South America. Tom Hunt, assistant purser (seated left) assists U. S. Immigration Officer Edward Ferro question crewmen under the con- troversial McCarran-.Walter Act before they are allowed ashore. Sen. McCarran and his wife returned aboard-the ship from a South American trip. hower Prime maintain peace with Russia. He believes his decision to send American troops into Korea under a United Nations mandate may have saved the world from another global war. That step, he told me, was the toughest decision he ever had to government source disclosed today. Japa- it in- volved the risk of a third world The Austrian government source war said Figl feels Vienna would be j i 'talked with the President in the best city in the world for the his Oval Room office at the White two representatives of East and I House yesterday. It was one of a Wes_t to meet. Vienna is the only series of personal interviews he is capital in the world where East and West still get along in relative friendship. It is occupied by the troops of the Big Four powers, who share equally, and without great difference, the military po- lice administration of the city. Only a few weeks ago, Figl told a group of foreign newsmen he still was hoping to promote a meet- ing between East and West in Vien- na. He recalled he had made a similar offer to President Truman and Stalin on Feb. 3, 1949. granting separately to a small group of reporters that have cov- ered him daily throughout his oc- cupancy of the White House. Proud of Record Truman is proud of his record on foreign affairs and feels that, when the history of his adminis- tration is written by future re- searchers, it will be noted for having kept the world out of war (Continued on Page 12, Column 5.) TRUMAN Exchequer. Details might be worked out in the coming Eisen- hower-Churchill chats. Churchill's wife, their daughter Mary and her husband, Conserva- tive Parliament Member Christo-__________ pher Soames, will accompany him mother was accused Friday of on the Queen Mary. They will stay firing a shotgun slug in the direc- yon of her baby son after threaten- ing to kill herself and the boy. Ike Wary of New Tricks by Stalin By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH NEW YORK Eisenhower's aides say he. is dedi- cated to achievement of durable world peace with honor but is wary of being hoodwinked by the Russians at any conference with Pre- mier Stalin. That is the way the general's aides privately are summing up the general's position on Stalin's stated interest in ending the Ko- Dlarl Durnr rean War and his indicated willing- Did) I Dili II.) ness to confer with Eisenhower in a Baby, La Crosse Mother Arrested LA CROSSE W) A 21-year-old in New York with the British leader's old friend Bernard Baruch, More Talks Urged Washington officials said recep- tion arrangements there had not yet been worked it could not be said whether Churchill would stay at the White House. Sen. Kefauver (D-Tenn) told re- porters he hoped Congress would invite Churchill to address a joint meeting of the Senate and the House before he returns to Lon- don. "His trips always help to heal wounds and improve relations be- tween our Kefauver said. The Tennessee senator added that, in general, he favored a policy policy heads of major nations. of "more frequent conferences" among top the Thirty-one Years Ago John Stapf, above, Farmington farmer, backed this 1911 Buick into his garage. He just didn't get around to driving it again. Now, he couldn't drive it straight out of the garage if he wanted to and the old bus was willing. The tree has since grown up in the drive- way. The old car still bears its last license plates, 1921 vintage. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) The infant, six-month-old Jesse Lee Gabrielson, was not hit but received powder burns on his head. The mother, Mrs. Bonnie Gab- rielson, was charged with "assault, showing a depraved mind, regard- less of human life without any pre- meditated design to effect the death of the County Judge Roy Ahlstrom placed her under bond and set Jan. 5 for pre- liminary hearing. If she posts bond, the judge or- dered, she may not have custody of the child, pending outcome of the court action. The baby, an only child, is now with relatives. Mrs. Gabrielson's husband, Arlo, 22, said he and his wife quarreled early Friday after returning from a party. After threatening to kill herself and the baby, Gabrielson said, she got a .12 gauge shotgun loaded with a deer slug and fired at the crib in which the boy was lying. Princess Born To Hohenzollerns' BONN, Germany A princess was born on Christmas Eve in the family of Hohenzollern, which ruled Germany until 1918. The princess, to be christened Armgard, is the first child of Prince Wilhelm Karl von Preussen, grand- son of Kaiser Wilhelm II. Prince Wilhelm's father is Prince i ami} year-end report Oskar, youngest son of the Kaiser, j for release at 6 p m (CST) and has declined to lift the em bargo.) JThe former director of the Na Talks Slated to Oppose 2-Nation Parley Will Ask Full Participation For Britain in Discussions By JOHN SCALI WASHINGTON Prime Minister Churchill undoubt- edly will demand recognition as a full participant in any Eisenhower- Stalin meeting aimed at easing world tension, American officials who forecast this today made it plain, however, that they see little chance of any such top-level East-West confcr- ence unless Russia shows in ad- vance a genuine desire to end the Holiday Death Toll Heading For New Record move to ease world tension. The general reportedly will in- sist that the new administration know in advance just what Stalin has in mind before thinking se- riously about any face-to-face con- ference with the Soviet leader. And he is understood to feel there must somehow be some con- vincing demonstration of good faith on the part of Russia as a forerunner of any meeting. There appears to be no great optimism at the Eisenhower head- quarters that such conditions would be met. The general himself expressed his views regarding the situation when he told a news conference last June that he would meet with Stalin if he thought it would help the cause of peace. He said he (Continued on Page 12, Column 3.) IKE Condon Denies House Charges ST. LOUIS Edward U. Condon today angrily denied the latest charges made against him by the House Committee on Un- American Activities, terming the committee's attitude toward him a lyin? dishonestly" based on "po- litical spite work." Dr. Condon, who will be. installed next week as president of the American Association for the Ad- vancement of Science, said he learned from friends in Washing- ton that the House committee "has jiven to the press a statement re- newing its attack on me." (The committee made its latest charges against Dr. Condon in an is By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The nation's traffic death toll raced along at a reckless pace to- day and appeared headed for an all-time record for a four-day Christmas holiday. Deaths on the nation's highways, at a little past the halfway mark in the extended holiday weekend, reached 336. Nearly 100 other per- sons lost their lives in various types of accidents, including 43 in fires. No deaths from Christmas tree fires were reported. Expresses Concern The National Safety Council, ex- pressing concern at the high ac- cident rate, urged motorists to use "common sense, courtesy and a practical application of the Christ- mas spirit." It warned of the "biggest, ugliest traffic death toll ever piled up on any holiday in the history of our country." The record slaughter on the highways was during the four-day Christmas holiday of 1936 when 555 persons were killed in motor accidents. Last year's Christmas holiday recorded the nation's highest accidental death staggering 535 traf- fic. The council had estimated 590 deaths in traffic accidents for this year's four-day 6 p.m. Wednesday to midnight Sun- day. The council said indications were that the estimate now appears con- servative unless there is a sharp falling off in deaths today and Sunday. Police and safety officials said reports indicated most of the na- tion's highways are generally clear of snow and ice. Largest Tolls States reporting the largest tolls included Ohio, New York, Califor- nia, Texas, Pennsylvania, Mis- souri, Illinois, Indiana, Virginia and Michigan. Major factors for tie current high accident toll, they said, in- cluded driving under the influence of alcohol, deceptive driving con- ditions and lack of common sense cold war. John Foster Dulles, President- elect Eisenhower's secretary of state-designate, emphasized this yesterday in calling for "concrete proposals" from Russia before any meeting between Eisenhower and the Soviet Premier. Responsible American diplomats said they believe any such "con- crete in order to be worth following up. would have to indicate plainly that Moscow is prepared to make some concession. A hint that Russia might be willing to end the Korean War on termi acceptable to the West would fall into this category, they said. To Discuss Question Even though an Eisenhower- Stalin meeting at present seems remote, the 78-year-old Churchill nevertheless can be expected to discuss it with Eisenhower when he visits New Y.ork early next month. British Embassy officials said Churchill's talks will be "informal" with no set agenda to be followed. The Prime Minister's main aim, they said, will be to try to restore the close British-American partner- ship that existed during World War n. Churchill's conference with Eisen- hower undoubtedly will cover Ei- senhower's recent trip to Korea and secret talk afterward with Gen. Douglas MacArthur about meani of ending the Korean War. The impending Eisenhower- Churchill talk is viewed by British officials as a prelude to a full- dress formal meeting between Churchill and key American Cab- inet officers, probably sometime in May. Churchill is to be accompanied only by his wife and daughter dur- ing the New York stopover. Ater two or three days of talks at the home of his friend, financier Ber- nard Baruch, he is to come to the capital for what is described by British officials as a farewell call on President Truman, who goes out of office Jan. 20. After two days here, Churchill is scheduled to fly to Jamaica for a two week's vaca- tion. Asks Trade, Not Aid In any later meeting with Eisen- hower, Churchill can be expected to bring up (1) Britain's desire for "trade, not aid" from the United States to help solve its financial problems, (2) British plans for resuming the flow of top-secret atomic energy information now barred by American law; (3) North Atlantic defense arrangements; (4) and courtesy. j Far Eastern problems including The nation's traffic toll in continued differences in Amer- first 11 months this year averaged j Jean-British policy toward Red 102 every 24 hours. However, this j China and (5) Britain's oft-repeat- figure included deaths resulting ed request to be represented by at from injuries long after the ac-1 least an observer in the American- WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair to- night and Sunday; Not quite so cold tonight, rising temperature Sunday. Low tonight 8, high Sun- day 28. LOCAL. WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 26; minimum, 8; noon, 14; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (North Central Observations) Max. temp. 25 at p. m. Fri- day, min. 3 at a. m. today. Noon readings clouds scattered at feet, visibility 15 miles, wind 6 miles per hour from south- west, humidity 82 per cent, baro- meter 30.31 steady. tional Bureau of Standards, who was accused by the committee in 1948 of being' the "weakest link" in the chain of security protecting atom bomb secrets, said in his statement to newsmen today: "The House committee's lying dishonesty in its attitude toward me is a shocking thing to all decent Americans, especially to my many friends who know my 12-year record of important service on a wide variety of secret military projects, coupled with the complete absence of any evidence of failure on my part to safeguard security on these projects. "The committee says my friends are of 'questionable but nobody has questioned it but the committee itself." Dr. Condon is attending the AAAS convention in St. Louis cidents in which the victims were injured. The holiday survey covers only deaths within the period and the figures are not properly com- parable. NP 2 Reported Dead EFHRATA, Wash. W) The gine and six cars of a Northern Pacific freight train were derailed on a branch line near here early today in a blinding snowstorm. First reports were that two mem- bers of the crew were killed. Deputy Sheriff Al Boyd said the storm and deep drifts clogging roads to the scene about 35 miles southeast of here had prevented a rescue party from reaching the wreck more than three hours later. New Zealand-Australian defense setup in the Pacific. The possibility of a Stalin.- Eisenhower meeting broke into the news Christmas Day when the Russian leader answered four writ- ten questions put to him by a New York Times reporter. Stalin said be regarded "favor- ably" the possibility of diplomatic talks with Eisenhower represen- tatives "looking toward the possi- bility" of a later conference be- tween Eisenhower and himself. Stalin also professed a desire to co-operate in any "new diplomatic approach" to end the Korean War. He claimed Russia "is interested" in ending it. Dulles' call for "concrete propos- issued in Washington yester- day, came after he had talked by telephone with Eisenhower, who was in New York. Greek C47 Crashes, Killing 14 Aboard TOKYO passengers and 10 U. S. servicemen were killed to- day when a C47 transport of the Greek Air Force crashed into a hill in Southern Korea. Far East Air Force headquarters said the Royal Hellenic Air Force plane failed to gain altitude after taking off. It crashed two miles from the airfield and burned. Victims included four crew mem- bers of the Greek Air Force, a "U. S. Air Force radio operator and nine U. S. service- men. The Air Force said some ground observers believed there was an engine failure.