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Winona Republican Herald Newspaper Archive: December 16, 1952 - Page 1

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   Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 16, 1952, Winona, Minnesota                              Fair Tonight And Wednesday, Temperature Same Be a Goodfellow VOLUME 52, NO. 256 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 16, 1952 EIGHTEEN PAGES Stillwat eve nson urmg Inquiry In Keeping with the spirit of Christmas, pilots of the 474th Fighter Bomber Wing in Korea, fly their F-84 Thunderjets in this sign of the cross as they head for North Korea on a strike 'at. key Communist targets. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) U.N. Offensive Seen in Korea 5 Million Vets To Get Insurance Dividend in '53 By RAY HENRY WASHINGTON div- idend will be paid next'year to five million veterans hold- ing National Service Life Insur- ance policies, the Veterans Admin- istration. said today. The first payments will be made in February. The size of the in- dividual' dividends for most pol- icyholders will be the same as this year's dividend, with the vast majority of men getting a flat The dividend is the second regu- lar one on NSLI first was paid this will total 180 million dollars. Two special dividends also have been paid. The four total nearly four billion dollars. Payments to individual policy- holders, the V. A. said, will be made from 30 to 40 days after the anniversary date of the policy. That's the date the policy first went into effect. To be eligible, the policyholder must have paid premiums for any three or more months between the anniversary date of his policy in 1952 and the same date in 1953. The method of payment will be the same as this year unless the policyholder informs the V. A. he Military Victory Termed Only Hope Of Ending Conflict TOKYO Eis- enhower's conclusion that the Communists can be impressed High Court Rules On Loyalty Oaths WASHINGTON Jaws may not be used to bar per- sons from public employment just because they once belonged to a subversive organization, the Su- preme Court decreed yesterday. Such laws must provide safe- guards for those who say they were innocent of the subversive purposes of the organizations, the court decided by 8-0 vote. It struck down an Oklahoma law requiring state employee to swear, on penalty of losing their jobs, that for the five past years they were not affiliated with any organization listed by the XI. S. attorney gen- eral as subversive or Communist- front. Loyalty to U.S. Doubted in Case Of John Vincent Ho Compromise On Korean War Prisoner Issue France, Britain Join U.S. in Condemning Reds offensive will be taking the Korea. Before his visit to Korea, raili By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON govern- in ment's top Loyalty Review Board has ruled there is reasonable doubt as to the loyalty of career diplo- tary leaders planned to inform Eisenhower that the only hope for an end to the Korean conflict was a military one. Eisenhower's statement on ar- mat John Carter Vincent, but the State Department kept the way open today to accept or reject its recommendation he be fired. Some officials speculated that, riving in New York seemed to bear after discussing the matter with out the belief that as commander President Truman, probably next in chief of United States armed forces he would order an end to the year-old stalemate. We face an enemy we cannot hope to impress by words, however eloquent, but only by deeds executed under _ circum- stances of our own choosing." Wasted Words In those 24 words, Eisenhower not only seemed to say he would take the wraps off Gen. Mark Clark's Far East Command, but also that the armistice talks could result in nothing more than wasted words and time. One year ago last month, when a cease-fire line was agreed upon at Panmunjom, quiet settled over the cold Korean front. In the past 13 months that quiet has erupted frequently in savage, if small- scale fighting. The battle line has changed very little and neither side has elected to attack in an effort to force a breakthrough. While Clark and Gen. James A. Van Fleet, his Korea commander, have been un- der orders only to hold, the Com- munists have made the most of the opportunity to build up in depth. wants to be paid differently, by writing to the V. A. office, to enQ s to smash which he pays premiums 700 000 Communist soldiers If he holds a term policy, hejfacing him can get the dividend in cash or! Therefore' Eisenhower must have he may ask the V. A. to put the g way in mmd to build up weekend, Secretary of State Ach- eson may decide to reopen the whole case and may eventually reinstate Vincent. Acheson is in Paris and there was no official word to support this theory. The State Department an- nounced the review board's action last night and said it had sus- pended Vincent yesterday and ord- ered him home from Tangier. He has been minister and diplomatic agent there. Review Board Simultaneously, the State De- partment announced that the Loy- I alty Review Board John Patn Davies had cleared Jr., another veteran diplomat and like Vincent a controversial figure for several years, of any reasonable doubt as to his loyalty. Davies is presently assigned as deputy director for political affairs with the U. S. High Commission in Germany. The department, in its announce- ment of the Loyalty Review Board decision on Vincent, made public a letter to Acheson from Board Chairman Hiram Bingham. Bing- ham wrote that the board was not called upon to find that Vincent Needs More It is doubtful now if Clark has (Continued on Page 12, Column S) as advance premiums to his pol- icy. If he has a permanent plan policy, he has these choices or he may ask the V. A. to put the dividend on deposit. That way it will draw 3 per cent interest fend will be added to the cash value of the policy. The rate of dividend payment on most policies will -be 50 cents {or each of insurance for each month it was in force be- tween the 1952 and 1953 anniver- sary date. Most term policies are for SiO.OOO. There are nearly rates for dividend payments for permanent plan policies, the V. A. said, and it's impossible to give a simple formula on them. Wausau Union Request Denied WAUSAU UP) Circuit Judge Gerald Boileau dismissed today a request made by Local 1113 of the United Electrical Workers for an injunction' restraining the Mara- thon Electric Manufacturing Corp., from interfering with workers' tool boxes. The injunction, asked a week ago, was dropped on the motion of the union's attorney, M. Michael Essin. The firm held .that some of the. tools in the boxes, which had been locked, were company property. It was claimed it would be unfair to forbid'the firm to join in sorting the equipment. It was reported in court today that all but one man is satisfied that they have all of their own tools. The company and the union have been tied up in a dispute since Feb. 28. Eighth Army to a real striking force. Clark has 10 American divisions, counting two in Japan, 14 South Korean divisions, two air forces and the U. S. Seventh Fleet. If that force were bolstered by three or four divisions from Na- tionalist China and perhaps many additional thousands more South Korean troops still in training, Clark conceivably could take the offensive. Where would he strike? It is not revealing classified in- formation to say that the Com- munists are suckers for a body punch. The 1st Marine Division landing at Inchon caught them flat-footed. The Reds have massed their forces along the front again and are wide open for an amphibious attack anywhere along the two coasts. The fact that there are two coasts makes it doubly hard for thsm to guess where the man who led the attack on Anzio might smack them. Clark took Anzio with power and it is doubtful if he'd try a landing in Korea unless he had the ships to keep pouring men on the beach once the attack started. Once a beachhead was secured, the next move would be to ham- mer a line right across the pen- insula and slam the back door on the Communists massed along the front. Cutting their supply lines would result in complete chaos and might bring the desired military decision. Communist soldiers fighting in Korea subsist on very little, how- ever, and Clark couldn't expect the mass capitulation Eisenhower got when the U. S. Ninth and First Armies closed the Ruhr Pocket on the Germans in 1945 and trapped a million men. Be A Good Fellow Following is a list of contributions to the Goodfellow fund to date: Previously Roy Christensen, Dairy Bar 10.00 Northern States Power Co. employes........ 20.00 Vivian and Andy...... 2.00 Royal Cab Co. and employes.........-... 20.00 Friends A Friend Dickie and Tommy Harney............ A Friend Dennis and David N.A.W.-C.I.O. Local 1088 D. N. H. M. A. Snyder Mr. and Mrs. Done- hower Diane and Roseanne Altura Girl Scouts Sharon and Blake Turner Newman Club of Winona T.C........ Shirley and Larry An Altura Gobbler Jones Kroeger Co. and. employes Friends from White- hall............... Mr. and Mrs. Harry O'Brien 3.00 1.00 1.00 15.00 10.00 5.00 5.00 200 31.12 2.00 5.00 1.00 3.00 92.00 2.00 2.00 Mr. and Mrs. Otto Rice............. clothing Barry and Rickey toys and clothing Mrs. Oscar Borg- wardt clothing Mrs. James Gibbons coat Future Homemakers of America, Lewiston High School clothing Library Club, Lewiston High School packages John.Sloan clothing By OSGOOD CARUTHERS UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. The United States says flatly it won't compromise on the Korean prisoner issue and it'sees no use pushing any more peace plans through the United Nations unless the Communists agree that POWs won't be forced to go home. The State Department took this determined stand last night in a stiffly worded communique. It also accused the Chinese Reds of re- jecting peace in Korea when they turned down the General Assem- bly's plan for breaking the pris- oner deadlock that is holding up an armistice. France and Britain also ex- pressed deep regret that the Com- munists had closed the 'door on the U. N. peace proposals. No Truce Hope A French spokesman termed Peiping's rejection "entirely nega- tive and, for the time being any- way, destructive of hope." The French U. N. delegation said Red China's demands that all prison- ers be returned whether they want to or not is a call on the U. N. "to accept humanitarian bankruptcy." Britain's spokesman ..said the Red rejection "raises serious prob- lems which will require careful consideration by her majesty's government." U. N. delegates were busy study- ing the rejection note, sent yesterday by Red China's Foreign Minister Chou En-lai to Assembly President Lester B. Pearson of Canada. It laid down terms for a settlement identical to Soviet proposals which the 60- nation organization 'overwhelming-1 ly rejected. I I The Peiping reply called the! U. N. plan, written by India's V.K. Krishna Menon, "illegal" and "un- reasonable'.' and demanded that the Assembly rescind it and order the U. S. to reopen truce negotia- tions. New Talks Useless The "no compromise" stand tak- en by the U. S. appeared to put off any further action in the U. N. until after the new U. S. admin- istration and its new delegation leaders in the U. N. are installed. The American statement laid full responsibility for peace in Ko- rea on the shoulders of the Chi- nese and North Korean Commu- nists "and their clear reference to the Russians, Both the British and American governments reaffirmed determi- nation to continue to discharge their responsibilities in Korea. "The United Nations Command! remains ready to meet again with the Communist negotiators at Pan- munjom whenever they accept the proposals contained in the United Nations resolution or any of the other numerous proposals which have been made to them by the United Nations Command, o r whenever they advance construc- tive proposals of their own which could lead to an honorable armi- the U. S, statement said. "However, there can be no com- promise with the basic humani- tarian principles' contained in the (U. N.) resolution If the Communists accept these basic United Nations principles, the pro- posals now outstanding provide numerous alternative methods for settling the question of prisoners of war. Until the Communists ac- cept these basic United Nations principles, the United States gov- ernment cannot see what useful purpose will be served, by having the United Nations propose to the Communists still other plans for implementing these The Refrigerator Ship Grommet Reefer, split in two, rests on rocks 200 yards off Leghorn, Italy. The stern section is at the right. The ship was driven on rocks by winds of gale force. Bow sec- tion, with no one aboard, is breaking up, but stern remains afloat and. airtight. Cargo included 176 tons of perishable food including turkeys for GI's in Italy and Austria. (AP Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald) SHOPPING DAYS LEFT Daring Rescue For Crew of Ripped Ship By STAN SWINTON LEGHORN, Italy Navy helicopters rescued the last crew- men from the U. S. Navy ship Grommet Reefer today, 36 hours after she ran aground and broke in two off Leghorn. The helicopters brought off 13 men. Previously 26 had been re- moved by breeches buoy and boat. Originally the Navy said 40 men were aboard, but this was revised today to 39. The four windmill craft circled the stern of the wrecked refrigera- tor vessel. Then one after another they hovered above the broken off section, lowered a seat, pulled it up with a man aboard and flew to a Leghorn soccer field. Midway and Leyte The helicopters were from the U. S. aircraft carriers Midway and Leyte. The operation was completed at p. m. a. m. Until the helicopters took over, the Navy's rescue crew depended mainly upon, a breeches buoy to get off the Grommet Reefer's men. The breeches buoy took three men off Monday and then the line part- ed. It was re-rigged today, Henry Saukant of Brooklyn, mas- ter of the Grommet Reefer, was the last member of the crew to leave her. All 39 members of the crew were in good health, although they were kept in the U. S. Army Hospital here for examination and rest. 4 Other Seamen Four other seamen slipped into the sea from rope ladders and were picked up by a small Italian Navy boat in the choppy waters. Savage winds and waves had piled the ship onto the harbor reef 200 yards off shore here early Monday and then broke her in two. The stern, with all the crew aboard, wedged fast on the rocks. The ship had been trying to tie up hi Leghorn harbor when a 100-mile gust caught her. In contrast to Monday's gales and swells, clear, sunny weather, slacking winds and a moderating sea aided operations today. One of those picked up by the boat, Serge Flushing of New York City, stepped ashore with the simple words, "Thank God." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and fair tonight and Wednesday. No important change in temperature. Low tonight 14, high Wednesday 34. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 40; minimum, 14; noon, 33; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (North Central Observations) Max. temp. 38 at p.m. Mon- day, min. 14-at a.m. today. Noon clear, visibility 10 miles, barometer 29.99 steady, no wind. Ike to Discuss Pacific Alliance By RELMAN MORIN NEW YORK relating to tire Pacific defense alliance, in which the United States is a partner, come before President-elect Dwight D. Eisenhower today when he meets with the Prime Minister of New Zealand, Sidney Holland. Holland has been in London for a conference on the alliance with Prims Minister Winston Churchill. It is composed now of three na- tions, the United States, Australia and New Zealand. However, ob- servers saw a com- munique issued by the British For- eign Office Brit-j ain may be included in the ar-j rangement. It has been called "the j NATO of the Pacific." The. New Zealand Prime Minis- U.N. Jets Down 4 Red MIG's SEOUL UP) Allied Sabre jet pilots destroyed at least four Com- munist MIG15 jets in a series of high altitude dogfights over North Korea today, the Fifth Air Force announced. Allied pilots' also were credited with damaging one MIG and prob- ably destroying another. The Air Force said it was investigating a That's one of the things they claim that still another MIG was are going to talk Hagerty destroyed. ter is on Eisenhower's appoint- ment list for this afternoon. Leslie K. Munro, New Zealand ambassa- dor to this country, is scheduled to accompany him. When the ap- pointment was announced, news- men asked James C. Hagerty, Eis- enhower's press secretary, wheth- er the defense alliance would be discussed. Busy Day in N. Y. To Investigate Irregularities Probe Stems From Contraband, Parties Charges ST. PAUL Institutions Director Jarle Leirfallom today directed the warden and assistant warden of Stillwater prison to leave the prison for a few days and said he would take over to investigate reports of irregularities in prisoner conduct. A letter to Warden Leo F. Utecht, disclosing Leirfallom's plan, was made public at a news conference. Leirfallom said he would be at the prison Wednesday morning. He said he would be assisted by Mem- bers of his staff, the State Crime Bureau and State Civil Service Department in an investigation of alleged parties held by certain prisoners and the existence of il- legal items such as whisky, saws and special foods, found in a search of prisoner quarters. The disclosure of the contraband items was made last week. Sat- replied. Eisenhower spent a long day at his New York headquarters yes- terday. He appeared to be in top physi- cal condition, smiling and full of vim when he came out of the ele- started toward his of- said he was "feeling vator and fices. He fine." During the day, he saw John J. former American high commissioner in Germany, togeth- er with John Foster Dulles, his designate to be secretary of state. McCloy said later they talked about "the steps that might be taken in relation to European un- ity, a subject we have all been engaged in and interested in for a number of years." Earlier, the President-elect had a conference with Harold E. Stas- sen, whom he has designated to head the Mutual Security Admin- istration, which handles the flow of aid to Europe. Stassen declined to disclose details. He said it was premature to discuss publicly ei- ther the future policies of the MSA or the amounts of money likely to be earmarked for any given pur- pose. Sees Commerce Chief Later in the day, Eisenhower saw Sinclair Weeks of Boston, who is his choice for secretary of com- merce. Hagerty reported they dis- cussed some top appointments in the department, adding they would not be announced immediately. Eric Johnston, head of the Mo- tion Picture Association of Amer- ica, the producers group, called on Eisenhower late in the day. Johnston answered "No comment" to all questions.by newsmen, ex- cept, to say that wage and price controls had not been discussed. In the conference today with Prime Minister Holland, the de- tails of the London talks about the defense alliance may be placed before Eisenhower. The back- ground of the situation is this: New Zealand, United States originally was formed as a barrier against any resurgence of Japanese mili- tarism. Neither Britain, nor any Far Eastern nation, came into the alliance, although the British sev- eral times suggested they should be included. Allied losses, if any, are an- nounced weekly. The Air Force said a total of 27 Sabres and about 32 MIGs en- gaged in 13 separate dogfights. The battles raged from feet down to 800 feet. Two of the MIGS downed were credited to pilots who already had destroyed five to become aces. They are Col. Royal N. Baker, McKinney who was credited with half a MIG today, and Capt. Leonard W. Lilley, Manchester, N. H. action subsided to rou- tine patrol fights except in the Kimhwa Ridges area of the Central Front, where Chinese soldiers con- tinued harassing attacks. The Reds hit Pinpoint Hill and Rocky Point five times Monday night in short but intense attacks. They were driven back each time. Fairmont Army Officer Kills Sell VALDOSTA, Ga. Wl A Moody Air Force Base spokesman report- ed today that Capt. Fred S. Mahl- man, 37, of Fairmont, Minn., shot and killed himself in his moving automobile in nearby Lanier County. The fatal shot was fired Sunday night while Mahlman was return- ing from a leave, said Capt. Noel Thomas, base information officer. As Mahlman slumped over his car went out of control and was wrecked, Thomas quoted a coroner's jury report that the, wound was self- inflicted Mahlman died in- stantly "after a pistol bullet en- tered his head through the right opticaL" The announcement gave no reason for the act. Mahlman was assigned as an adjutant in the Headquarters Sec- tion of the 3550th air base group at Moody. He entered military service in 1941 and served in the Pacific until 1943. He was as- signed to Moody last March. His parents are Mr. and Mrs. Fred Mahlman, 619 N. Grant St., Fairmont. Leirfillom urday, Orville L. Freeman, Demo- cratic-Farmer-Labor candidate for governor in the Nov. 4 election, called on Leirfallom to fire War- den Utecht. Utecht, who has been warden since 1937 and has been part of the prison administration for 38 years, said "I will stand on my record and I will defend it." He said he would comply with Leir- fallom's request and would "take a vacation" for four days so as not to interfere with the probe. Present prison inmate population Leo F. Utecht is 984. There are about 300 prison employes, 125 of them guards. Many Complaints Director Leirfallom's letter to Warden Utecht follows: "Over these past months I re- ceived many complaints from in- mates and from some of the insti- tution personnel relative to the sit- uation at Stillwater, much of which may be exaggerated or untrue. Furthermore, during the recent investigation and particularly the last few days after publicity has appeared in the newspapers, many criticisms and comments have been brought to my attention relative to administration of the prison. "It is imperative, both from your point of view and mine, and the public as a whole that any ques- tions about the administration of the prison be investigated and aired in the shortest possible time. In conference with Mr. Tierney and his investigators yesterday, (Continued on Page 11, Column 2.) WARDEN   

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