Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 15, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Warmer Tonight and Tuesday Be a Good fellow VOLUME 52, NO. 255 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 15, 1952 TWENTY-TWO PAGES SOUTH KOREA iSTATUTC I (9 Pointer Locates the little island of Pongam off the coast of South Korea where Allied guards killed 82 mutinous Communist prisoners and wounded 120 others yesterday. The Allied POW Com- mand said that two Americans and two South Korean soldiers were injured in quelling the bloodiest Red riot of the Korean war. Injured were taken to nearby Koje Island, scene of fierce rioting on Feb. 18. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Allied Guards Kill 82 Korean POW's By SAM SUMMERL1N PUSAN Korea guards killed 82 mutinous Communist prisoners and wounded 120 on Pongam Island Sunday in quelling one of the bloodiest Red riots of the Korean War. The Allied Prisoner of War command said two American and two South Korean soldiers by rock-throwing Reds. Authorities said the riot by about die-hard civilian internees probably was part of a known Red plan to stage a mass breakout. Col. C. V. Cadwell, head of the POW Command, returned from the northwest tip of Koje and reported everything under control. He praised the island command- er, Lt. Col. George P. Miller, and TODAY Russ Seek To Woo U.S. Allies By JOSEPH ALSOP WASHINGTON we were lost in the turmoil of our election, a new French ambassador, the able Louis Joxe, presented his let- ters of credence in Moscow. To his complete astonishment, Joxe im- mediately received an unprecedent- ed invitation to call on Marshal Stalin. Stalin, without saying much of substance, welcomed Joxe to Mos- cow with effusive friendliness. said, "Miller used sound judgment and did not use any more force than was necessary. He acted promptly. It could have been a very serious situation.1' Trouble Started The trouble started when priso- ners in six compounds defied strict orders by organizing military drills and demonstrations. Then they massed at the top of a high terrace. Three ranks of prisoners with locked arms de- fied advancing U. N. troops. Other prisoners behind them showered the guards with rocks. Unable to advance, the guards strongly emphasizing the historic fired warning shots and ordered i, j r _ o ties between France and Russia. In the atmosphere thus carefully created, Joxe was then exposed to a further conversation with the So- viet foreign minister, Andrei Vishinsky. After many a sad ref- erence to the sad state of the world, and especially to the sad state of Germany, Vishinsky strongly hinted that France and Russia ought to go into a quiet corner together, and talk about their common problems. Grave Danger Joxe naturally considered this overture so important that he re- turned at once to Paris to seek new instructions. Obviously, accept- ing Vishinsky's hinted invitation would have one major and imme- diate consequence. The official An- glo-Franco-American policy for Germany, notably including the plan for German divisions with- in a European army, would be hopelessly disrupted. Equally ob- viously, however, no such Soviet invitation, even if vague and form- less, could be thoughtlessly turned down. Within the French government a substantial minority (largely com posed, of course, of men who dis- like the official German policy) strongly advocated a favorable re- sponse to the Vishinsky' overture. The majority successfully argued, however, that the united front of the Western nations could not be lightly sacrificed in such a manner So Joxe returned to Moscow again with instructions to maintain a pok- er face, and to continue to act in concert with his American and Bri- tish colleagues. This important but hitherto undis- closed epsiode of recent diplomat- ic history is a good introduction to the present report, because Joxe's experience with Stalin and Vishin- sky was part of a much larger pat- (Continued on Page 4, Column 1.) ALSOPS Engineer Dies WTLLMAR, Minn, (jl Horton Sperry, 62, Great' Northern Rail- way engineer for 44 years, died of a heart attack Sunday as he stepped off a train to get orders. A native of Willmar, he was a brother of Roy E. Sperry, Minne- apolis attorney. to stop. When they refused, the POW Command said, "individual wea- pons were brought to bear to prevent the entire mass from breaking out." Presumably the weapons were rifles and carbines. Tear gas gre- nades could not be used because a high wind was sweeping across the terraces. Cadwell said the seriously injured prisoners were taken to a hospital on Koje Island, about 1% miles to the east. Many Mutineers The POW Command said many of the mutineers were former in- mates of Compound 62 of Koje, which erupted in bloody violence last Feb. 18. Eighty-one Reds and one U. S. soldier were killed in that riot, which triggered a whole series of j flare-ups and led to a stiff crack- down by Gen. Mark Clark, U. N. Far East commander. Fanatic Reds killed 115 other pris- oners in grabbing complete control of their wire-enclosed compounds. More than 300 prisoners were kill- ed in the riots that followed. On May 7 the Reds even seized Brig. Gen. Francis T. Dodd, Koje camp commander, and held him hostage for 78 hours. Dodd's successor, Brig. Gen. Hay- den L. Boatner, restored order, broke the bigger compounds, and moved all Chinese prisoners off Koje. Sunday's mutiny involved re- classified Communist prisoners of war-All are Koreans. U.S. Jet Bomber Crash Kills 3 MUNICH, .Germany U. S. B45 jet bomber crashed Sunday near Munich, killing three crew members, the Air Force announced today. Two others parachuted to iafety. The Air Force said a wing broke from the plane, which was enroute from England to Fuerstenfeldbruck Air Base. Names of the dead were withheld pending advice to their kin. Chinese Strike Through Rain, Snow in Korea Take 2 Outposts From S. Koreans In Pitched Battle By GEORGE A. Me ARTHUR SEOUL Reds struck through rain and snow today at three heights on the Central Ko- rean Front, wresting one outpost from hard-fighting South Koreans. The Chinese hit Pinpoint Hill, Rocky Point and outposts positions on the lower slopes of Triangle Hill. They overran two South Ko- rean outposts in pitched battles, but counterattacking Republic of Korea troops recaptured the larger one. The most intense fighting was on the southeastern slopes of Tri- angle Hill where some SO Chinese in padded uniforms charged out of the freezing night. The attack started before mid- night and lasted until dawn. The first wave swept over a minor out- post. The charge finally carried through the main outpost, but ROKs pushed the Chinese back just before daybreak. The Reds hit with a full com- pany about 175 men on Pin- point Hill, dominating height on Sniper Ridge. They pulled back before sunrise. On nearby Rocky Point, the Reds hurled squad-sized assaults three times before calling them off at dark Sunday. The Eighth Army reported scattered patrol and probe contacts across the re- mainder of the battlefront. Big and Little Nori, where fight- ing raged for several days, was quiet. Allied warplanes damaged two MIG15 jets in a flurry of 10 air battles over Northwest Korea. Fifteen U. S. Superforts Sunday night blasted a supply center and an ore-processing plant in North- west Korea. The Kyomipo steel mill storage area southwest of Pyongyang and a Red Korean military headquarters near the capital city also were bombed. 9 Little Hoover Recommendations Urged for State ST. PAUL subcommittee of the Legislative Research Com- mittee issued a report today back- ing nine recommendations of the Little Hoover Commission which two years ago made a study of the state government, and disapprov- ing one. The. subcommittee, beaded by Sen. A. 0, Sletvold, said it felt these principles or recommenda- tions should be adopted: 1. A substantial reduction in the number of state administrative departments. The Little Hoover Commission recommended that the number be reduced from 108 to 17 by consolidations. Function! of Group 2. That functions of the Railroad and Warehouse Commission be changed. The Little Hoover sugges- tion was that agricultural func- tions of the Railroad and Ware- house Commission be transferred to the Department of Agriculture. 3. That the State Teachers Col- lege Board be abolished and that its responsibilities be turned over to the State Board of Education. 4. That the School District Re- organization Act, which sets up methods for-combining districts, be extended. 5. That the state public examin- er, who audits accounts of depart- ments under the governor, should be made responsible to the legis- lature rather than the governor. 6. That a Legislative Service De partment be created. This could be achieved by broadening the functions of the Legislative Re- search Committee. New Method 7. That a new method for hand- ling claims against the state be adopted. The time-consuming job of hearing and sifting such claims is now assigned to legislative com- mittees. 8. That veterans preference rules be modified. The subcommittee was not specific on this, but: there have been complaints that present veterans preference is too broad. 9. That an appeal board be created to hear and consider griev- ances of state employes. .The subcommittee said it could not go along with a Little Hoover Commission that an advisory board be named for the Depart- ment of Education. Must Induce Reds to Ask Peace, Says Raging Seas Drive Navy Ship Aground LEGHORN, Italy Raging seas drove the U. S. Navy refri- gerator ship Grommet Reefer aground and broke it in half near here today. U. S. Army and Navy person- nel put a cable aboard and were 'attempting to rescue the 40 men on the ship, but in midmorning the Army base said high winds and seas so far had prevented bringing anyone ashore! The ship, carrying food for U. S. forces in Austria, had been anchored here. Buffeted by high winds and seas, it dragged anchor during the early hours this morning and crashed onto the rocks about a mile south of the Leghorn port area. The ship broke in half almost immediately. The stern with the crew aboard remained fixed on the rocks. The bow portion drifted free and was still floating around the harbor hours later. The ship's skipper, a Capt. Saukant, reported nom: of his crew was hurt. All the crew are civilians. The Army said the grounded stern section was about 100 yards from the shore and, the rescuers hoped to bring the men ashore with a breeches buoy. Be A Good Fellow Previously A Friend 20.00 Mr. end Mrs. A. W. Spooner ___........ Mary Ann Ingvilson 2.00 Earl Wood 3.00 Herbert Zeches family 5.00 Pogie, Kay, Joe, Jim 8.00 J. H. Capron 5.00 A Friend 2.00 Mr. and Mrs. Leonard Moore and clothing and 2.00 A Friend S'.OO A and 3.00 Fraternal Order of Eaglet, Ladies Aux- iliary .___........ 5.00 S. H. Bergseth, Taylor, Wit................. 2.00 General Drivers Local 79? 10.00 Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Rasmus sen 5.00 Marie and Urban 20.00 Walter Kelly.......... 10.00 Cassandra, Heidi, Ger- and Ted Lauer 20.00 A Friend 10.00 Sunshine Cafe 10.00 From a Friend 5.00 Dr. I. W. Steiner 10.00 Theresa Rinn 1.00 Goodwill 1.00 Winona Heating and Ventilating Co. and employes Irwln Boll 1.00 Edward Bichman 1.00 .1.00 When The Voters Of Winter Park, Fla., turned down a sewer bond issue they meant "no bond issue." Recently the city started laying the line anyway, and one citizen took the issue in hand when they came to her property. This morning she took up a stand in front of her house and threatened bird-shot to anyone crossing. The citizen, Mrs. E. J. Humpfer is shown waving off a city employe- with her persuader. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) SHOPPING DAYS LEFT Harold Happel W. D. HIcock 1.00 Deloi Ciszak 1.00 Charles Hnffhei 1.00 Joe PepHnjkl 1.00 Ttophl] Wnqk- 1.00 Allen Furlna Martin Wnuk........... 1.00 David Pellowikl 1.00 A. E. Urnes. 5.00 William A. Gilevikl 5.00 Don J. Goftomski .......6.00 26.00 Manville Olness, St. Box of clothing. A Friend, A Mrs. Fred King clothing A Friend from Goodview clothing. Mrs. George ing. Million NATO Budget Set for'53 By TOM MASTERSON PARIS Pact Ministers meeting here today to discuss Western Europe's defenses are being called upon to approve a million budget for military construction during 1953. The building program and the naming of a new Mediterranean naval command were expected to be the only major decisions of the India Peace Plan Rejected By Red China TOKYO Wl Red China today blasted hopes for an early truce in Korea by angrily rejecting a United Nations peace appeal based on India's plan for an exchange of prisoners of war. Peiping's reply came from For- eign Minister Chou En-Lai, _who called the U. N, General Ass'em- bly resolution illegal, unreason- able, unfair and degenerate. He demanded that the U. S. re- sume truce talks at .Panmunjom along the lines proposed by Rus- sian Foreign Minister Andrei Y. Vishinsky. The talks have been sus- pended since September. S.D. Student Wins Rhodes Scholarship PRINCETON, N. J. (Si Don- ald W. Sutherland, Sioux Falls, S. D., a student at Swarthmore Col- lege Saturday won a Rhodes scholarship in competition for 32 such awards. He was among five winners in District Five, embracing the Mid- dle West. appointment, Adm. batten, commander 14-nation North Atlantic Council of Foreign, Finance and Defense Ministers during their four-day meeting opening here today. With the.British pushing for his Earl Mount- of Britain's naval forces in the Mediterranean, is slated to be assigned the NATO duty of preserving the vital Al- lied communication line through almost no risk in predicting a 442 the strategic Southern sea. 89 victory for Gen. Dwight D. Formal Ballots Of Electoral College Cast By JACK RUTLEDGE WASHINGTON Wt-Tbe nation's 531 presidential electors today for- mally cast their votes to elect the next chief executive of the United States. Under the Constitution, theJElec- toral College has the legal right if it wishes to elect Gov. Adlai Stevenson, the Democratic presi- dential anyone else. But pollsters would be taking The council program today in- cluded a public meeting reserved mainly for welcoming speeches, followed by a business session be- hind closed doors late in the aft- ernoon. NATO military leaders planned to advise the ministers to make their decision on the construction program at this meeting and not wait until they get together again in March or April. A high-placed American inform- ant said that, as a concession, the Military Committee had trimmed its original construction estimate from million to the new target of S428 millions. The program calls for the build- ing of between 31 and 35 airbases, as well as naval construction and other military installations. The airbases, however, are the major item. Predicting stiff opposition from some countries, an American source said: "Some ministers want to know first how much money will be spent in their countries before they will be willing to chip in. The United States will try to get the building program passed even against this opposition." 'DEATH POND' FILLED IN 19-Hour Job for N. Y. Town By EUGENE LEVIN LEVITTOWN, N. Y. W) An army of Levittown shovels and bulldozers for weap- ons, the lives of their children for a today erased "Death Pond" from their community's backyard. For 16 hours straight they had toiled, many on their lone day off from work. Their muscles ached and their hands were sore. But they plodded wearily home with fear no longer gnawing at their hearts. It was a fear they first felt last Monday when a landslide at a rain- filled excavation smothered a 7- year-old boy. It was a fear inten- sified Friday after a 4-year-old boy drowned in the same pit. Yesterday, Levittown parents grabbed shovels and marched on the pit, which is just across this Long Island community's boundary in Hicksville, N. Y. The pit, used to catch rain water, was part of a housing development construction job. The men and teen-agers took their shovels and attacked the 30- foot sand pile while a small pump- was installed to drain the 14-foot- deep, 72-by-72-foot bole alongside the pile. Soon someone spotted two bull- dozers nearby on the construction job. A parent said he could oper- ate the big machine. -Then another driver was found and the bull- dozers were "borrowed." While the men toiled times 150 wives kept up a steady supply of coffee and sandwiches. Several women even took a turn on 'the shovels, and others marched around the pit with signs. The signs expressed the thoughts uppermost in everyone's mind. One read: "Your child may be next." A watchman on the construction job watched and said nothing. Neither did his employers. The police, too, kept away. However, the owner of one bull- dozer showed up in the afternoon and took it away, saying he had not authorized its use. It grew dark but the parents toiled on, determined that their children would not be endangered by the pit again. The Levittown fire department sent a truck with floodlights. Other townspeople parked their automo- biles around the pit and trained the car lights on the excavation. Shortly after midnight the work was done. Eisenhower. That's the way the states' voters indicated they wanted their electors to vote today when Eisenhower, the Republican candidate, was swept into office by a record votes to Stevenson's last Nov. 4. Legally Free However, most electors are le- gally free to vote as they please. Few states bind electors by law to vote for the candidate who carries the state. Nevertheless, wrong-way electors 'POSITIVE PROGRAM' FOR KOREA President-Elect Back in New York; To See MacArthur By RELMAN MORIN NEW YORK un President- elect Dwight D. Eisenhower back to work in his New York headquarters today, prepared to map "positive programs" for bringing peace jn Korea. He said' he returned from nil trip to the war zone with new con- fidence about the outlook for speed- ing a satisfactory solution. In two public statements yes- terday, the general expressed op- timism. At the same time, however, he repeated his view that no simple formula is at hanfl, and he said patience, foresight and common sense will be needed in finding one. Eisenhower gave no indication when he plans to meet wifti Gen. Douglas MacArthur. Stes Hope MacArthur declared in a speech in New York 10 days ago: "I am confident there is a clear and defi- nite solution to the Korean con- flict." Several days later, Eisen- hower messaged MacArthur that he would like to talk with him and MacArthur replied that he would be agreeable. The two may meet here this week. The President-elect said on his return here yesterday that his trip was a starting point for his own planning. At LaGuardia Field he said: "Everyone of us we have learned something to make this expedition a sort of starting place from where we arc going to plan the programs we are going to adopt. "And we expect them to be posi- tive programs. Because you know, my friends, just because one side wants peace doesn't make peace. We roust go ahead and do things that induce the others to want peace also." This phrase "do things that induce others to want peace also" was contained in an extempo- raneous statement at the airport. Eisenhower also had a prepared statement for reporters when his big Constellation landed. In that, he said something that sounded similar to the off-the-cuff remark. He said: "We face an enemy whom we cannot hope to impress by words, (Continued on Page 7, Column 2) IKE Gets State Vote ST. PAUL Gen. Dwight Eisenhower and Sen. Richard Nixon today officially received Minnesota's eleven electoral votes. Eleven electors met in Gov. Anderson's office and cast their votes for the Repub- lican candidates. are extremely rare. Only three out of electors in the nation's history have voted "for others than whom they were according to a former Electoral College president. Latest such case occurred Li 1948 when Tennessee went for President Truman but one of the state's 12 electors cast his vote for J. Strom Thurmond, States Rights candidate. The final step under the much criticized Electoral College sys- tem comes Jan. 6 when Congress meets to record the results, with the presiding officer of the Senate tolling off the electors' votes. Bound by States Many in Congress and out con- sider the present electoral system an outmoued relic, electors themselves over whether it is should 'be guarded new-fangled changes. This year's are divided archaic, or against any Some believe the college should be discarded and presidents elected by popular vote. Others favor retaining the present system byt changing it to permit a split of election votes within states. At one candidate gets all a state's electoral votes even if he wins the state by just a handful of popular votes. The proposed change would work like this: If a state has 10 electors, and the pop- ular vote was to one candidate would get 6. the other 4 electoral votes.' Lie Tests Clear 2 Men of Brutal Slaying of Four 'FRESNO, Calif. said today lie detector tests had failed to link Wendell Hall, 49, and Bis son, Travis, 27, with the bludgeon massacre of Card Young and three small children. They said both the father, held here, and the son, held in San Francisco, would be released un- less further questioning developed tangible clues. Both Halls denied any link'with the robbery killings. The Halls were arrested Satur- day. Police said an anonymous in- formant told them the father and son talked with him about a plan- ned robbery of a man named Young, Card Young, his two 'small daughters and a neighbor boy, were beaten to death near their Chester, Calif., home Oct. 10. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair and somewhat warmer tonight and Tuesday. Low tonight 15, high- Tuesday 38. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: 28; minimum. 15; noon, 28; precipitation, trace of snow. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 30; minimum, 14; noon, 30; none; son sets tonight at sun to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (Wit. Central Observations) Max. temp. 30 at noon, min. 8 at a.m. today. Noon readings clear, visibility 15 no wind, barometer 29.99 falling.