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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 12, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Clearing and Colder Tonight, Warmer Saturday VOLUME 52, NO. 253 Be a Goodfellow SIX CENTS PER COPY WHONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 12, 1952 TWINTY PAOCI Mn. John A. Paul of Pittsburgh, Pa., was all smiles today while holding 18-nonth-old Darlene Daugherty. Darlene should be happier than she looks because Mrs. Paul helped save her life. When fire broke out in a three-story home next to Mrs. Paul's resi- dence, Mrs.'Mary McEvoy, 63, tossed her granddaughter Darlene, into the arms of Mrs. Paul who was standing on the porch next door across an alleyway. CAP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Stillwater Drug Probe Leads to Weapons ST. PAUL of reports of drug trafficking at the Stillwater prison reports which turned out to be a to discovery of contraband in the prison and evidence that inmates hold parties in the prison basement with whisky among the refreshments, state officials said today. Jarle Leirfallom, director of public institutions, and John Tier- ney chief of the. State Crime Bureau, reported on the investigation _________i to Gov. Anderson. 1 Bottles of Whisky They said search of the prison turned up such things as three bottles of whisky, a number of knives and cleavers, several saws, one of them a crude hacksaw about 18 inches long, 30 pounds of meat, and such other party food as bread, sugar and pickles. George Young and Joseph Schaefer, of Murder Inc. fame, I serving terms in Stillwater for murder, are reportedly among TODAY National Planning By STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON President- elect Dwight Eisenhower and Sec- retary of State John Foster Dulles have been honestly appalled by the peculiar way the American gov- ernment arrives at great decisions of foreign and defense policy. They have shared this emotion with virtually everyone who has had personal experience in this field. And they are both determined to do something about it. The most significant proposal for doing something about it which Dulles has discussed with Eisen- hower has never been adequately described. What Dulles has in mind, albeit still rather tentative- ly, is a sort of national policy- planning staff, whose members will spend all their time and ener- gy planning American strategy in the cold war. How Policy Is Made To grasp the significance of this idea, it is necessary to understand j how American policy is now made. It is only fair to say that Presi- dent Harry S. Truman actually did "do something about when he accepted the proposal originated by the late James Forrestal for a those who participated in the parties. Leirfallom said the investigation is continuing to determine how the contraband got into the prison, the source of drugs given investigators by an inmate, and into some other "possibly criminal matters." He said he could give no information on the latter point at this time for fear of hampering investigators. Drug Hoax The inquiry thus far indicates that only one inmate and an un- identified guard are involved in the drug hoax, he .said. He added, how- ever, with relation to the inmate which Parties that "it seems obvious that prison personnel must have had Page 10, Column 7.) STILLWATER 350 Needy Children Get Help So far about 350 needy Winona children have received Goodfellows help this year. They have been tak- en right into Winona stores and fit- __________________ ted with shoes, overshoes, coats, Nationariecur.ty" Council. On the I mittens, caps, snowsuits what- Wiley Threatens U.N. With Loss Of U.S. Money Demands Spies And Subversives Be Driven Out By STANLEY JOHNSON UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. UP) Sen. Alexander Wiley (R-Wis) threatened the United Nations last night with a loss of its biggest chunk of financial from the United States unless something is done to keep sub- versives and spies out of the U. N. Secretariat. But in making his threat, Wiley is slated to head the power- ful Senate Foreign Relations Com- mittee in the new it clear he thinks a major part of the blame for alleged subver- sives still on the U. N. payrolls lies with the American State De- partment. Wiley said in a statement that congressional sentiment is build- ing up to cut off U. S. money for the international organization "un- less adequate security procedures have been worked out to guarantee that the U. N. and its organs do not remain a base for espionage and subversion." More than Third The U S. pays a little more than one-third of the U. N. bills and has contributed 560 million dol- lars to it since 1946. Wiley is serving as a U. S. dele- gate to the U, N. Assembly, but he emphasized that he spoke only as a senator. The American dele- oser Chi ianq U.S. lations Forecast Shun MacArthur, Truman Dispute President-Elect Plays Golf, Enjoys Stop in Hawaii By DON WHITEHEAD HONOLULU W President- elect Eisenhower, relaxing in bright Hawaiian sunshine from his Korean tour and policy-shaping talks, was steering clear today of any fight between President Tru- man and Gen. MacArthur over a peace plan for Korea. Eisenhower planned to play at least 18 holes of golf today on the windswept course alongside the sea at Kaneohe, the Marine Corps air station across Oahu Island from Honolulu. He also planned talks TCwar tata f Coster Dulles secretary aback by Wiley's blast and had (tf Gov Doug. no comment. The Wisconsin Republican at- tacked current arrangements on security between, the State Depart- ment and the U. N. as "hopelessly inadequate." He said U. N. Secretary General Trygve Lie had a "clearer con- ception" of the problem than some State Department officials. He blamed Washington officials for giving Lie inadequate information on which to act against American employes with allegedly subver- sive records. U. S. Assistant Secretary of State las McKay of Oregon, Eisenhow- er's selection as secretary of the interior. Two close associates predicted Eisenhower would shun public con- troversy with the President. Tru- man Thursday called the Eisen- hower mission to Korea a "piece of political demagoguery" and said it was MacArtbur's duty as a sol- dier to report to the' President if he has any plan for peace in Korea. "Ike is not going to get into any quarrel with one of Eisenhower's close friends said. adverse information on about 40 American U, N. employes, but that 14 of them still were employed by Lhe U. N. Lie was reported to feel lhat HickerSon's statement implied :hat he had failed to act when presented with definite evidence against American employes by the U. S. government. Statement Authorized The U. N. authorized a state- ment by a spokesman yesterday saying that the adverse informa- tion was merely delivered orally and that he had never received written information for the record or definite evidence of subversive President-elect Eisenhower smiles and waves from an auto as he arrived Thursday in Honolulu where large crowds lined the streets to greet him. With Eisenhower is Adm. Arthur Radford, Pa- cific Fleet Commander. The President-elect plans some top-level policy talks in Hawaii before leav- ing on his last leg of return trip from Korea New York. (U. S. Army Radio Photo Via Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) connections which would warrant J.Korea. National Security Council, all the chief policy-making officers of the government are supposed collec- tively to hammer out an agreed common policy. The National Security Council has been a useful device. The American government has less of a tendency than in the past to pur- sue a half dozen mutually contra- dictory policies all at the same time. But the National Security Council, although it has helped to prevent chaos, has certainly failed ever they needed to endure the winter weather. But the job isn't half finished. Goodfellows money MUST continue to come in. Five-hundred children remain to be helped before Christ- mas. Slightly more than half of the children on school lists have been fitted. Won't you please be a Goodfel- low NOW. Put one dollar, two, three, four, five, ten ever your heart tells an en- velope and send it to The Goodfel- lows in care of The Republican- to bring order into the policy-mak- j Herald. ing process. I Five-hundred needy Winona boys This process usually operates and girls are counyng on you. about as follows. A "Policy Pa- per" is originated at some point in the government perhaps in the State Department's own Policy Planning Staff, perhaps in the De- fense Department, or the Psycho- logical Strategy Board, or the Na- tional Security Resources, Board, or the Central Intelligence Agency, or some other department or agen- cy with a claim to policy-making functions. Endless Business Often originating such a paper is itself an endless im- portant policy paper originated in the State Department required nine months in the process of its birth. Then when the paper is born, it must be "co-ordinated" with the other agencies and departments concerned. This is an even more endless business. By tortuous routes, the paper makes its way up to the senior staff of the Na- tional Security Council, consisting of subordinates designated by the actual members of the NSC These subordinates are all busy men, who have many other things to do. Finally the paper is submit- ted to the members of the Coun- (Continued on Page 10, Column 6.) ALSO PS Be A Good Fellow Previously Two Friends Winona Trades and Labor Council...... Winona Union Club, Inc.................. Winona Choral Club... Coca-Cola Bottling Company B and D Shoe Store... A Friend A Neighbor Kiwanis Club Winona FFA Chapter.. Wednesday Night Bridge Club......... A Friend 20.00 15.00 10.00 7.89 10.00 25.00 2.00 1.00 50.00 5.00 4.00 1.00 _____ Pfeiffer .100 one- pound sacks of pop corn. Mrs. W. L. Baldwin., clothing. Mr. and Mrs'. Martin Erdmann clothing. Mrs. Henry Addix.....clothing. firing a Secretariat member. Those whom Lie has discharged, the spokesman said, were dis- charged on .the basis of their pub- lic testimony before the committee and not on unfavorable comments made by the State Department. A U. N. source said 19 persons have been fired for refusing to answer Senate committee ques- tions, and a total of 29 separated from U. N. employment in one way or another for security reasons. He said there have been no secur- ity firings of non-Americans. There are "about a dozen cases" of alleged subversives still under consideration, he said, and Lie has asked the State Department for definite evidence rather than a few words of "adverse comment" against them. Lie has also asked the U. S. gov- ernment for the evidence on which a federal grand jury its charge that there was widespread disloyalty among American ployes of the U. N. Chinese Reds Take Back Two Korean Hills By SAM SUMMERLIN SEOUL UP) 750 Chinese Reds smashed back to the peaks of Big and Little Nori hills on the flaming Western Front today, only two hours after rugged South Ko- reans captured the strategic heights in a bloody, hand-to-hand battle! Fiercely fighting Chinese swept up the slopes of the two hills in a two-pronged drive shielded by cover of darkness and a devasta- ting Communist artillery and mor- tar barrage. Bloody Counterattacks The valiant First Republic of Ko- rea Division earlier had seized Big and Little Nori, in the sixth of a series of bloody counterattacks in savage, day-long fighting. The Air Force said its pilots flew about 150 separate missions in the general area of Big and Little Nori. Pilots said they hit a huge supply and troop depot that rocked with five violent explosions. Seven fires were started. Thousands of bursting shells from Allied planes, tanks and artil- lery scorched the slopes of Nori's for Korea and the I dead and wounded John Hickerson told the McCarran i going to-see Gen Mac- Senate internal security subcom-1 Arthur> as he said he would to mittee Wednesday that the State get MacArthur's views on the best Department had supplwd Lie with way to. bring peace to the Far East. He is not going to become I involved in any fight over it." I "Ike will stand on the sidelines in the Truman-MacArthur another associate said. "Truman has said some harsh things about Ike but it's my guess that he (Eisenhower) won't make a reply." The President' virtually closed the door Thursday on proposals for a meeting with Eisenhower and MacArthur. He said he believes such a meeting would serve no useful purpose. MacArthur implied last week he had a new plan for peace in In Washington today Sen. Hunt (D-Wyo) proposed an immediate extraordinary session of the Senate Armed Services Committee to look into MacArthur's views. Hunt said he thought Congress should be "informed and consulted" at once if there is any new plan to end the war. Eisenhower is relaxing after his three-day, tour of the frozen deso- lation of Korea and his cruise aboard the warship Helena. On the I ocean trip from Guam he huddled for long hours with heads of his new Republican administration, Far East. Indications are that the Presi- dent-elect will leave Saturday aft- ernoon for Travis Air Force Base, Calif. Officials at Travis said he was expected there at 11 p. m. (1 a. m., CST, two weeks al- most to the hour from the time he left Travis on his journey to Ko- irea. of. both sides Uttered the peaks. Elsewhere, Allied raiders grap- pled hand-to-hand with Chinese Reds northwest of Munsan on the Western Front. The Allies secured the crest of a hill in -bloody, close- range combat after twice being driven back. The United Nations troops later withdrew to their own lines. Sen. Hunt Wants To Hear MacArthur By G. MILTON KELLY WASHINGTON Hunt (D-Wyo) proposed today an im- mediate extraordinary session of the Senate Armed Services Com- mittee to look into Gen. Douglas MacArthur's views on ending the Korean War. President Truman, with some barbed remarks about both Mac- Arthur and President-elect Eisenhower, rejected yesterday a sena- tor's suggestion that he call the two men to the White House to Two United Nations Delegates took little part in proceedings of the organization's political com- mittee in the U.N. Building in New York today during discussions of the Tunisian problem. At left is Dr. Victor A. Belaunde of Peru and at right is Itaat-Rusian of Pakistan. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) discuss Korea. i Truman said, among other things, he doubts MacArthur has hit upon any new way to peace, and that he still thinks Eisen- hower's campaign announcement that he would go to the Korean War zcn? was demagoguery. Arouses GOP Truman's words drew some. GOP cries of "arrogant" and "slander- ous" on Capitol Hill. Hunt, taking no part in that row, told a re- porter: "I would like "to see Sen. Rus- sell (D-Ga) call either or both generals to Capitol Hill to brief the armed services committee." Russell is the committee chair- man who presided over the 1951 Senate investigation of the Presi- dent's firing of 'MacArthur as Al- lied commander in Korea and the Far East. He is out of the city. Hunt said he thought Congress should be "informed and consult- ed" at once if there is any new plan to end the war. "This is not a matter that I believe should wait until new Congress cpnvenes on Jan. Hunt said. "And I am convinced j most members of the committee would be able and more than will- ing to return to Washington on j such an important mission." Support The idea drew support from an- other committee member, Sen. Stennis who said in a separate interview: "I would en- dorse the plan if Sen. Russell sees fit to call a meeting of the com- mittee." Stennis also declined to com- ment specifically on Truman's tart remarks about MacArthur and Ei- senhower, but he said he disap- proves of the the whole mat- ter has been handled. "Someone ought to do some peacemaking and bring these men Stennis said. "There should be no controversy about whether and when to consider any plan to bring this war to an early and honorable conclusion. But equally it should have been dis- cussed secretly and at high mili- tary levels before there was a pub- lic announcement that it might even exist." Eisenhower, Tiow en route back from Korea, has disclosed he in- tends to meet MacArthur in New York soon to discuss what lies behind the latter's declaration of Dec. 5 that "I am confident there is a clear and definite solution to the Korean conflict" without un- duly heavy Allied casualties. 7 Men Rescued In Lake Mille Lacs BRAINERD, Minn. W) Seven men were rescued from Lake Mille Lacs floes late Thursday when the ice broke up while they were fish- ing a mile off Pike Point on the west side of the lake. Edward Ellis, Minneapolis, and Lionel Carpenter, Crystal Village, were thrown into the water when the ice parted. Both clung to float- ing cakes until aid reached them. All seven were brought to shore by a boat crew of five Brainerd residents, organized by Len Crow- ell. None suffered any jll effects. Sheriff Roy Wickland of Crow Wing County, identified the five others rescued as Harold and Ervin Krech of suburban St. Paul; Thomas Walker, Minneapolis, and Conrad Deminsky and John Dolder, both of Oss.eo, Minn. 2 Men Get In St. Paul ST. PAUL UP) Two armed men fled with about in cash and checks Thursday night in a holdup at Fink's Bar, 597 Broadway. Carl Fink, proprietor fired several shots from a small caliber pistol as the men fled. Several customers in the place were not molested. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Cloudy with occasional snow early tonight Clearing and colder late tonight Saturday partly cloudy and some- what warmer. Low tonight 14, high Saturday 33. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 35; minimum, 23; noon, 25; precipitation, .19 (3 inches sun sets tonight aj sun rises tomorrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (Wit. .Central ObMrvations) Max. Temp. 31 at p.m. Thursday, min. 22 at a.m. to- day. Noon over- cast at feet, visibility six miles, wind 12 miles per hour from west, northwest, barometer 30.12, rising slowly, humidity 75 per cent Stores Open Tonight and Saturday Until 9 Ike Expected To Send New Ambassador Post Vacant Since Chinese Fled to Formosa By JOHN M. HIGKTOWER WASHINGTON Diplomats speculated today that one of Presi- dent-elect Eisenhower's early dip- lomatic moves will be to appoint an ambassador to the Chinese Na- tionalist government on Formosa. The United States has not had an ambassador there since the govern- ment fled to the island in 1949. The White House announced last night the resignation of John Leigh- ton Stuart, 76, who has held the post of ambassador to China since 1946 but has not been active since mid-1949. He then came home for consultation, shortly later became ill and has not returned. Stuart, in a resignation letter dated Nov. 28, said he assumed Eisenhower "will wish to have a completely free hand in selecting diplomatic representatives." HNlth Bad In view of the oft-expressed Re- publican concern about U. S. rela- tions with the government on For- mosa, it is considered probable that the Eisenhower administration will send an ambassador thert shortly after taking office. Stuart told Truman he had not- retired earlier because he had .hoped his health would improve and enable him to return. But his doctors have informed him it may be some time before be is again able to travel great distances, added. Accepting the resignation with "deep Truman expressed hope that Stuart would devote him- self to advancing understanding and friendship between the Amer- ican and Chinese people. The Pres- ident described this as "a cause more urgent than ever in these days when the Communist at Peiping is bending so much en- ergy to the destruction and the fostering of hatred." At the time Stuart came home, it was generally understood the Truman administration would leave the position in a relatively inactive status indefinitely. Nationalist China's hold on the mainland gave way under Commu- nist military pressure in the clos- ing months of 1949, The Truman administration then was against any quick recognition of Commu- nist China and withdrawal of recog- nition from the Nationalists. But it did take the position that the Nationalist regime had been dis- credited throughout Asia and had lost the support of the people in- side China. Mistreatments Subsequent mistreatment of U. S. diplomats and citizens under Red China rule brought a firm resolve not to recognize the Chinese Com- munist regime, and the increasing stability of the Chinese Nationalist government on Formosa brought an improvement in relations with the U. S. However, Stuart's prolonged ill health made it impossible to con- sider his going to Taipeh and indi- cations were that officials here were content to be represented there by a minister rather than an ambassador. Many Republicans, meanwhile, criticized the administration atti- tude toward Chiang Kai-shek's re- gime and urged that the U. S. do more for his government Eventu- ally a military assistance program was undertaken, but it was not until after the Communist attack on South Korea in June, 1950, that Truman declared that the U. S. could not tolerate the possible loss of Formosa. Stuart was chosen for the am- bassadorship by Gen. George C. Marshall while Marshall was try- ing to unify China. Born in China of American parents, be went to school in the U. S. and returned to China as an educator. SHOPPING DAYS LEFT
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