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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 5, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Saturday; Warmer Saturday Be a Goodfeliow VOLUME 52, NO. 247 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 5, T952 TWENTY-TWO fAOES Ike Leaves Korea After 3-Day Tour ROK Col. Lee Sung Eun leans out of a soldier's hut at the ROK Capitol Division training grounds somewhere in Korea to chat with President-elect Eisenhower. Looking on is Maj. Gen. Song You Chan, commander. President-elect Eisenhower eats chow, somewhere in Korea with an American soldier, Jack Hutcherson of Frankford, Mo, It was announced today that Eisenhower had completed a three-day inspection in Korea and was flying homeward._______________'________ _ president-elect Eisenhower talks with his son, Maj. John Eisenhower somewhere in Korea as the two met for the first time since Eisenhower was elected. (AP Wirephotos to The Repub- lican-Herald. ___ TODAY How Ike Agreed on Durkin By STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON story of how Gen. Eisenhower came to ap- point Martin Durkin as Secre- tary of Labor, an appointment which Sen. Robert A. Taft has an- grily denounced as tells a great deal about the next President of the United States. The story starts with a talk Eisenhower had on Nov. 21, with George Meany, new president of the Amer- ican Federation of Labor. Meany made a strong plea for the choice of a union man in the labor post. His theme was that Eisenhower was a national rath- er than a party leader; that labor had no quarrel with the ap- pointment of able businessmen in important jobs; and that thus it was only fair that labor too should have a voice in the new adminis- tration. Eisenhower was strongly impressed by what Meany said. Sought Man He therefore instructed Attorney General-designate Herbert Brown- ell and other aids to cast around for a union man as labor secre- tary. Meany had not proposed directly to Eisenhower the name of Martin Durkin, who is Meany's old friend and heir apparent. But he did make sure that Durkin's name should be considered by Brownell and the other Eisenhow- er aids. Investigation showed that Durkin had certain qualifications for the post. In the first place, Durkin is a Catholic, and no Catholic had been appointed to Eis_enhower's cabinet. Church dignitaries who were con- sulted highly recommended him as an outstanding Catholic layman. In the second place, Durkin, un- like most union leaders, has a rec- ord as a successful administrator, having served ably for several years as the equivalent of secre- tary of labor in Illinois. A careful, confidential investigation proved furthermore that Durkin, in his private affairs, is "as clean as a hound's to use a favorite Eisenhower phrase. Finally, Dur- kin is a man of substance in the labor movement, who would give the moderate wing of the move- ment, at least, a real sense of par- ticipation in the new administra- tion. Meets Qualifications Despite these qualifications, Dur- kin was not at first very seriously considered. Initially, the object was to find a man who had these qualifications, but who was also a Republican, and reasonably ac- ceptable to Sen. Taft and the Taft Republicans. Yet it soon became clear that no such- animal existed. The appointment as labor secre- tary of any one of the bedraggled remaining band of Republican trade unionists would have enrag- ed virtually the entire labor move- ment. The two conservative Cath- olics proposed by Taft would cer- tainly not have given labor the sense of participation which was Eisenhower's goal. Thus by.a sim- ple process of elimination, Eisen- hower and Brownell began to con- sider Durkin really seriously, even though he 'vas a Democrat who had supported Adlai Stevenson and (Continued on Page 11, Column 1.) ALSOPS I Many Needy Children Look to Goodfellows VER 800 needy Winona boys and girls simply w o n' t have enough warm clothes this win- ter'Tunless" they get Goodfellows help. It's always hard to convince people that there are so many needy families in this says Mrs. Katherine Lambert, Winona poor commissioner. "Right she says, "there are hundreds of youngsters who aren't dressed warmly enough to go to school or to play outdoors with other boys and girls. And that's RIGHT HERE IN WINO- NA." In no way except through the Goodfellows will these children get the clothes they lack. The Winona Poor Department provides emergency assistance shelter, fuel, food and medical and hospital care. But the department is unable to provide clothing for the needy, except to pass on used articles it receives. The depart- ment gives no money, just relief orders specifying what and how much a store is authorized to give a family, Borderline Cases Despite the high level of employ- ment in the city, Mrs. Lambert reports a growing number of "bor- derline" cases, families in which the f a t h e r 's _paycheck cannot stretch beyond buying fuel and food and paying the rent. Since that is the extent of the Poor Depart- ment's relief, the family cannot get help. The children in these Allied Bombers Plaster Chinese By MILO FARNETI SEOUL Wl Allied fighter-bomb- ers plastered Chinese Reds on the Central front for the third straight day today. Other U. N. warplanes ranged deep into North Korea and attack- ed Communist supply and troop targets. Action was virtually nil along the frozen battle front. The Reds threw no more than 40 men into their scattered jabs at the Allied .lines. A U. N. raiding party shot up a Chinese outpost on the Western front Thursday. The raiders with- drew to then- own lines after killing an estimated 58 Reds, Sub-zero temperatures discour- aged action along most of the front. Allied artillery dueled with the Communist guns early today. Spotters reported 31 Communist bunkers were hit. South Koreans standing firm on Sniper Ridge, on the Central Front, repulsed Chinese squads probing the icy slopes. families are in desperate need of Goodfellows aid. One of the greatest causes of family hardship is sickness. Mrs. Lambert says that the number of such cases reported to her in the past three months has been unusu- ally great. The family got along all right until the father became ill and unable to work. Without Goodfellows help, the children in these homes won't get the clothes they must have. Many Can't Get Aid William P. Werner, executive secretary of the Winona County Welfare Board, says children in needy families who cannot get I county, state or federal aid are in dire need of Goodfellows help. The department's relief programs do extend aid to children deprived of parental support. But there is a great number of needy fam- ilies classified as "marginal" or "borderline" in which the father is working and cannot, therefore, i meet the requirements for aid as set forth by law. "The youngsters in these homes need the.help of I organizations likfe the Goodfel- I says Mr. Werner. These are some of the reasons why over 800 needy Winona chil- dren won't have warm clothes this winter unless they get GoodfeUows help. Won't you be a Goodfeliow today? Give whatever your heart tells you. Put your contribution in an envelope and bring it to The Re- publican-Herald. Make your check !payable.to "The Goodfellows." The money you put in an envelope for the Goodfellows will be converted into a new pair of sturdy shoes or help buy a little girl a new warm snowsuit. Be A Goodfeliow Following is a list of contribu- tions to the Goodfellows Fund to date: Previously listed..... From the Birthday Club. in memory of Sam M il 1 a r and Jack Brandt 25.00 Angus................. 10.00 Anon.................. 10-00 Linda Sara Burstein sled and..... 2.00 From Allen kids, Tracy, Frank, Steve, Mark and Nancy 5.00 U. A. Plumbers Local No. 6 10.00 Mrs. Doris U r w i n Fountain City....... 1.00. R. M, W.............. 5.00 Hank Olson, Weather Stripper 1-00 Friend from Fountain City 1-00 Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Barkein.....'........ 5.00 Santa 1-00 Searchers Expect To Reach C47 Crash SAN BERNARDINO, Calif. A ground party climbing the tower- ing, snow covered Mt. San Gor- gonio expected today to reach wreckage of an Air Force C-47 plane missing since Monday with 13 men aboard. Aerial observers reported Thurs- day that wreckage and bodies were sighted near the summit of the peak. Although two searchers reached the scene Thursday night, they were unable to make radio contact. The main ground party should ar- rive at the crash this morning. Minnesota Gl In Korea Eats With Eisenhower Michigan State Professor New WSB Chairman From Waumandee......clothing Corey and Vier Home, .clothing Friends from Alma.... clothing and dishes In the Dec. 4 listing The Three Kacnes, S3.00, should have read The Three Kacners, S3.00. WITH EISENHOWER IN KOREA Wl A Minnesota GI was one of three enlisted men with whom President-elect Eisenhower ate and chatted while top Army brass got their lunch elsewhere. Pfc. Casper Skudlarck of Avon, Minn.; Sgt. Jack R. Hutcherson of Frankford, Mo., and Cpl. James A. Murray of Muskogee, Okla., were the general's luncheon companions at the Third Division command post. Eisenhower sat on a pine box in near-zero weather with the men while the VIPs (very important people) -with him went into a mess tent for lunch. The social atmosphere was a bit strained as newsmen and photo- graphers crowded around them to watch every bite and to picture every move. The general again wearing no his tray of pork chops, mashed po- tatoes, gravy, sauerkraut, peas and apple pie. Later he watched a ROK unit assault a hill in realistic training maneuvers. Gas Tax Collection ST. PAUL state gasoline tax collections for the first ten months of 1952 were 8.52 per cent higher than for the corresponding 1951 period, state tax commissioner G. Howard Spaeth reported today. The 1952 collections amounted to Two thirds of this goes to the state trunk highway fund, the rest to the state road and bridge fund. .SHOPPING LEFT By ROWLAND EVANS JR. WASHINGTON UP) The new chairman of the battered Wage Stabilization Board was facedcto- day with probable resignation of at least some of the board's industry members in protest to President Truman's coal wage decision. Charles C. Killingsworth, 35- year-old economics professor from Michigan State College, was named to the nation's top wage job last night a few hours after Archibald Cox quit the post with a blast at Truman's decision overruling the WSB. Killingsworth has been vice chairman of the board for several months. Cox said in a letter to Truman made public last night that approv- i al of the full daily wage boost I for soft and hard coal min- ers could mean only one of two things: Program Useless I 1. That stabilization would con- I tinue, but with the exemption of powerful groups like Lewis' United I Mine Workers; or, 2. That a general easing of wage rules all along the line would make continuance of the program use- less. In either case, Cox said, he felt he could be of no more use. The WSB had reduced the min- ers' raise to on grounds that any more would seriously, damage the whole anti-inflation program. The full increase could not be paid legally until the government ap- proved it. Prices of both hard and soft coal are expected to go up. The hard coal wage boost, now virtually assured, will hike the 'price of this home-heating fuel by about 90 cents a ton. Although this contract has not been formally approved, Economic Stabilizer Roger Putnam last night ordered the WSB to approve it. Formal Boycott Industry members of the WSB, who announced a formal boycott of the board yesterday, met secretly in New York last night and have scheduled a formal session here this afternoon to decide whether to resign in a bloc, stay on the board or act individually. One informed official predicted that not all seven industry mem- bers would quit but that it was likely one or more would refuse to stay on 'the board. He said he believed some mem- bers will want to be on the board and in Washington when President- elect Eisenhower takes over the White House next month. Most businessmen, from whose ranks the industry members are chosen, have been waiting 20 years for a Republican regime, he said, and the incoming administration is exerting a powerful attraction to those who feel they might be use- ful in public affairs. Other industry members think it would be a great mistake to run the risk of scuttling the whole pro- gram a month before the inaug- uration, thus possibly confronting the new President with a tough stabilization problem. Temporary Foreign Policy Agreed On By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON UP) Relations between tne Truman and Eis- enhower administrations in the field of foreign policy for the next six weeks have now been clarified in talks between John Foster Dul- les and top State Department of- ficials. Dulles, who will be secretary of state in1 President-elect Eisen- hower's administration, made his initial post-election contacts with officials here during the two days. Barring some unforeseen and critical development Dulles, prior to taking office Jan. 20, will use the resources of the State Depart- ment to make a survey of (1) U. S. policies around the world, and (2) department's operations. Ready in Emergency He is not expected, however, to Mrs. Wallace, Mother-in-Law Of Truman, Dead WASHINGTON m Mrs. David Willoek Wallace, mother-in-law of President Truman, died at the White Holise today. Death was due to the infirmities of old age. She was 90 years old. The specific cause of death was given as cerebral thrombosis. She had been ill for several months. Death came only six weeks be- fore President Truman was to leave the White House. Mrs. Truman is the eldest of Mrs. Wallace's four children. Her three sons are living. The former Madge Gates was born Aug. 4, at Port Byron, 111. Convict's Body Contains Poison MINNEAPOLIS W) Univer- s i t y of Minnesota pathologists Thursday night reported finding poison in the body of George F. Mellessey, 19, St. Cloud Reforma- tory prisoner who died suddenly Wednesday, Dr. James McCartney said this finding tended to confirm reports that Mellessey had drunk a quan- tity of denatured alcohol, normally used' as paint thinner. He said further tests would be conducted before a report is made. Mellessey was serving a 10-year term from Minneapolis for armed burglary. Two companions in the reformatory drinking, party, were made ill but are recovering in the hospital. Their names were not made public. engage in consultation on routine foreign operations or, as some of- ficials here had thought probable, to make the State Department his headquarters. Should an emergency arise it is understood that both' Dulles and President-elect Eisenhower stand ready' to consult with the present administration m an effort to form a united front 'in dealing with it. Should Eisenhower and Dulles decide that some action was ur- gently required and should be taken by the United States be- fore Jan. 20, the Truman admin istration stands ready to consider their recommendations and put them into effect if it agrees. Dulles who came here Tuesday night and returned to New York yesterday afternoon, conferred with State Department officials and also paid a call on Secretary of Defense Lovett, In establishing his relations with his predecessor for the closing weeks of the Truman administra- tion, Dulles had two major choices. He could: 1. Become temporarily a co- worker of Acheson and express his views on current foreign prob- lems. 2. He could limit his acceptance of the administration's offer of all- out co-operation to the use of its facilities to learn about the task that will be his after Jan. 20. Policy Only In his conversations Dulles is reported to have made clear that his interest was in studying policy but not in consulting on operations for the interim period unless a crisis made that essential to the nationa.1 .interest. Dulles also bad and still has an opportunity to put into the depart- ment men who will be bis princi- pal aides when he takes over. So far, however, he has not named any of these and .in fact it is un- derstood that he yet chosen an undersecretary. Five specially prepared volumes on the State Department and on international affairs were placed at Dulles' disposal, and he was told that departmental officers will be available to him whenever he wishes to get more detailed in- formation. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair to- night and Saturday. Colder to- night, warmer Saturday. -Low to- night 20, high Saturday 42. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 39; minimum, 28; noon, 31; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight.at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (Wit. Central Observations) Max. temp. 34 at noon Thursday, min. 29 at a. m. today. Noon feet broken, visibility 15 miles, wind 16 miles per hour from west and northwest, humidity 90 per cent, barometer 29.88 steady. Doesn't Believe In Attacking China Mainland Inspects Troops, Confers With President Rhee By DON WHITEHEAD SEOUL U. S. President- elect Dwight D. Eisenhower took a hard look at the Korean war situation for three days, inspected combat units near the front and departed today for the United States. He indicated that he does not believe in attacking Red China or otherwise spreading the year-old conflict. Eisenhower was well-guarded and he was in excellent spirits. Shortly before his departure, Ei- senhower visited President Syngh- man Rhee of South Korea for a hastily arranged conference. A source close to Rhee said the two exchanged notes which may be made public Saturday. It was Eisenhower's last act in his three-day tour and lifted a Mamie Glad NEW YORK Dwight D. Eisenhower tuned in on a news broadcast this morning and heard that her President- elect husband had completed his historic visit to the Korean battlefront. "I'm gald that everything's all right and he's coming a secretary quoted her as saying. Mrs. Eisenhower was report- ed relaxing in front of a tele- vision set in hope that pictures of the general's trip might be flashed on the screen. Stores Open Tonight and Saturday Until 9 p. m. veil of disappointment that had prevailed in South Korean govern- ment circles since it had been in- dicated he might not pay nil respects to Rhee. Eisenhower had met Rbee at Eighth Army headquarters but had not called on the ROK president The meeting averted a possible loss of face for the United States in Asia. Eisenhower aad left New York by plane in the pre-dawn Saturday. He arrived here Tuesday night. His flight a tightly-guarded secret. The U. S. Eighth Army an- nounced that the world-famed, col- orful general had completed his whirlwind tour of this war-torn nation. The of the crusade to victory in Europe in World War fulfilling a promise he made to American vot- ers in making the trips. Whether this unprecedented mis- sion will prove to be a failure or a time can tell. The general told a news confer- ence before leaving: "We came over here to learn. We have no (Continued on U, Column S.) EISENHOWER
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