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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 3, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Snow, Sleet, Freezing Drizzle Tonight, Thursday Be a Goodfellow VOLUME 52, NO. 245 SUC CENTS PER COPY WiNONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 3, 1952 TWENTY-FOUR PACES Other Czech Reds Hang TODAY Europeans Ask Tradej Not Aid By JOSEPH ALSOP LONDON Beyond the thorny thicket of immediate Korea, Indochina, Iran, the Ger- man divisions and the can already discern an even big- ger difficulty in President-elect Eisenhower's path ahead. In the present world situation, 1 the main aim and theroe of Presi- dent-elect Eisenhower's policy must be to maintain, to strengthen and to stabilize the Western alli- ance. Before he can achieve this aim, the biggest question Eisen- hower will have to answer is the Western alliance can be made economically workable. It can be said on highest author- ity that the new President's old friend, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, now means to press this question in the White House at the earliest possible date after foe inauguration. Work Out Plan At this very moment, the pre- parations for Churchill's approach to Eisenhower are going forward here in London, in the form of the grandiose Commonwealth Conference. Churchill, whose lack of interest in economic matters has always been notorious, has now entered the battle for Bri- tain's and the Commonwealth's ec- onomic stability with the vigor and determination he used tc reserve for shooting wars. Prior to the present' meeting, a drum fire of the famous Churchill minutes stir- red every Whitehall department to make the most vigorous and de- tailed preparations. Now, with the Commonwealth leaders gathered in London, the main hope is to work put the best plan possible to "permit the pound sterling to look the almighty dollar in the eye." When this Common- wealth plan has been agreed upon, Churchill means to go to Washing- ton and say to his former com- rade in arms, "This is what we think we can do. Now how about it, This question which Churchill will put to Eisenhower is much more urgent than most people sup- pose. By heavy sacrifices, Britain has now recovered from her third postwar economic crisis. Viewed as a business concern, Britain is paying her way again. Yet the fact remains that the reserves of hard cash which constitute the working capital of Britain and her Com- monwealth are still fearfully low- well under the two billion dollar figure which used to be consider- ed the rockbottom minimum. Fear Recession This means, in turn, that Britain and the other nations of the Sterl- ing area are almost totally unpro- tected against any unfavorable jog of the world economy. Let a slight American recession reduce our dol- lar purchases of British goods. Or let the price of Britain's imports rise a bit more rapidly than the price of British, exports. Ruin will again stare Britain in the face. Britain's reserves today are far lower than they were in the suc- cessive crises of 1947, 1949 and 1951, each of which almost plunged this country into final bankruptcy. The regular recurrence of these crises has also produced a perilous new psychology. Still another cris- is will not merely be economical- ly disastrous; it will also be litically catastrophic. For one more crisis is fairly certain to drive the British to give up their hard struggle to maintain them selves as a great world power and our own chief ally. No wonder, then, that Winston Churchill has entered the unfamil- iar battle for economic stability breathing his old war-like fire.- Yet all the great old man's courage and determination will not win this new battle if President-elect Eis- (Continued on Page 9, Column 2.) ALSOP5 Loyal Federal Employes Safe, Dulles Declares Confers Briefly With Acheson, Robert Lovett John Foster Dulles, left, Gen. Eisenhower's selection for Secre- tary of State, conferred with Secretary of State Dean Acheson this morning in Washington as a preliminary to transfer of the top post on Jan. 20. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Sen. Taft Blast Points Up GOP Differences Dr. John Maston Travis, 75, of Jacksonville, Tex., smiles modestly following his selec- tion at Denver as general prac- titioner of the year by trustees of the American Medical Asso- ciation. The award carries a gold medal and citation of serv- ice to humanity. Dr. Travis is the sixth winner of the annual award honoring family doctors throughout the country. (AP Wirephoto) Be A Goodfellow Following is a list of contribu- tions to the Goodfellow funds to date: Previously listed Theodore Benicke, Stockton 5.00 A. Tither A friend 2.00 Louise Sutherland 3.00 Felix J. Prondzinski 2.00 Winona Musicians Assn. 10.00 Loren and Becky 1.00 Charles, Ann, Tommy, Teresa and Philip Merchants National Bank officers and employes Mark Johnstone 1.00 Watkins office employes 50.00 Employes of H. Choate 50.55 Winona Printing Press- men and Assistants Union Local 237 3.00 Mavia Boyum, Lanesborc package. Navy Jet Pilot Won't Have to Pay Car Fine FAIRFIELD, Calif, A Navy jet pilot, Ens. Marvin S. Cohn of Portland, Ore., was cited for auto- mobile speeding here Nov. 4 while awaiting shipment to Korea. Justice of the Peace Georgia Crowley received a letter from Cohn two weeks ago saying: "I will be unable to appear in court as my ship has sailed for Korean waters. I would caution you to submit any financial claims rapidly, because jet flying, espe- cially in the Korean theater, has turned out to be hazardous." And he mentioned the possibility of the justice receiving "an 'adressee de- ceased' letter in return. Judge Crowley sent a request that the fine be paid. It came back Tuesday stamped "Addressee de- ceased." Across a corner of the letter was scribbled: "Ens. Cohn was killed in his jet plane when it crashed aboard the USS Philippine Sea Nov. 18 while on training maneuvers." In San Francisco, Conn's sister, Mrs. A. B. Sanford, confirmed the report of his death. to) SHOPPING '01 PAYS LEFT WCHRI5TMA5SEAU Could Indicate Tough Time for ike in Congress By JOE HALL WASHINGTON UP) Sen. Robert A. Taft's sudden blast at Presi- dent-elect Eisenhower for his choice of a secretary of labor to- day posed the possibility Eisen- hower could face as rebellious a Congress as those President Tru- man had in recent years. Congressmen were wondering whether the Ohio senator's bitter denunciation of Eisenhower's se- lection of Martin P. Durkin to the labor called it "incred- 1. All-out war between the forces of Eisenhower and Taft in the in- coming Republican administra- tion; or, 2. A temporary, isolated blow- up growing out of Taft's tender- ness toward his own Taft-Hartley labor relations law. Could Be Serious If the answer turns out to be "yes" to the first question, then the result could be the same frus- tration of Eisenhower's legisla- tive program that has 'afflicted many of Truman's proposals. Throughout the Truman adminis- tration, conservative Southern sen- ators have joined with Republicans to block most "Fair Deal" domes- tic legislation. The few Republican senators at the Capitol today were exceeding- ly wary about stepping into any potential struggle between the President-elect and Taft. But there were straws in the wind. Some GOP senators were hoping Taft's denunciation of the Durkin appointment was tied chiefly to the senator's concern for mainten- ance of the basic principles of the Taft-Hartley law. Taft's blistering statement em- phasized that Durkin was a union official and a Democrat who op- posed Eisenhower. But it also stressed that he "advocated the repeal of the Taft-Hartley law." Agrees to Minor Changes The Ohioan has indicated willing- ness to go along with minor changes in the law favored by Eisenhower and union leaders. But he has made unmistakably clear that he wants no tampering with what he considers the act's essentials. Some Senate sources were of the opinion that Taft's next moves on taking over the Republican Senate majority leader post would show whether he really planned a showdown fight with Eisen- hower, If Taft moves openly to grab that key job, it would be highly significant, these sources agree A president must consult regularly with the majority leader to -put over his legislative program. Taft has pronounced himself as "available" for the job, but he said at a news conference here after the Nov. 4 election he was not campaigning for it. Senators at the Capitol were cer- tain Taft has become increasingly irritated in the last 10 days at the trend of Eisenhower appointments. The Ohioan said he was asked to submit recommendations for Cabinet, jobs and did so. But he has let' it be known that not one of his first choices was selected. In contrast, some of the Cabinet selections and White House staff were close associates of Thomas E. Dewey, Taft's archrival in GOP affairs for years. Sought Assurances At the famous Eisenbbwer-Taft Morningside Heights conference ia September, one of the points Taft emphasized most was that he had been given assurances there would be no discrimination against his supporters in appointments in the Eisenhower administration. Mrs. A. H. Kerr, third from left, of Kerr Glass Co., donors of 5300 scholarships of national 4-H canning winners, looks over displays of canning at Club Congress in Chicago. Left to right: Shirley Skinner, Adrian, Ga.; Donna Siddall, Laurens, la.; WASHINGTON Foster Dulles, who will be the next secretary of state, declared at the State department today that "loyal servants of our government have nothing to fear" from the Eisen- hower administration. He specifically promised that the foreign service will be "protected as a non-partisan career Foreign service officers are the professional diplomats who repre- sent the United States abroad. At the same time Dulles asserted that "many angles need to be looked into and will be looked into very thoroughly." He did not am- plify this point. Dulles conferred with Secretary of State Dean Acheson for 30 min- utes beginning about a, m. was photographed with Acheson and by himself, talked briefly with reporters and then went to the Pentagon building to confer with Secretary of Defense Lovett. He said that otherwise today he would see Assistant Secretary of State John Allison, who recently I returned from a tour of the Far I East, and would dine tonight_ with Undersecretary of I Bruce. From Bruce, he expects to receive five books describing U. S. foreign policy, how it operates, as well as current, urgent problems over the world and plans for dealing with them. The visit was Dulles' first to the State department since the political campaigns during which he bitter- ly criticized Acheson policies. It was also the Jfirst occasion en which. a prospective Republican official sent on for an promised has offered what amounted to a i rejection by the Chinese and North promise of job protection for I Korean Reds. Mrs. Kerr; Lorraine Schafer, Olivia, Minn.; Dor- othy Catlin, Ellisville, Miss.; Betty Weaver, Hosiers, N. Y., and Carol Ann Burgin, Day Creek, Ore. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Billion Cut Faces Air Force General U.N. Assembly Set For India Plan By OSGOOD CARUTHERS UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. India's plan for bringing peace to I year. Korea heads for final approval to- That estimate came from a well qualified but unidentifiable official By ELTON C. FAY AP Military Affairs Reporter WASHINGTON Air Force was reported today to be getting a 17% billion dollar slice of a total appropri- ation budget requested for the Defense Department in the next fiscal day by the full U. N. General As- source. It sembly. Once okayed it will be Appropriate is "loyal servants" of :the govern- The Assembly at its plenary ses- ment in the department which the sion this afternoon was expected Republicans have assailed most to give the Indian resolution the strenuously and continously. Among j same overwhelming endorsement the critics, Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) lit received Monday over bitter So- has the Truman ad-1 viet bloc opposition in the Political Committee. Committee Tired The committee, exhausted by ministration has there were Communists in the depart- ment. Dulles made clear his declara- tion of protection is limited by I saying of the foreign service: "In so far as it is sound and free of corruption, it should be protected and I believe will be protected by the new administration." His reference to corruption and possible unsoundness followed by his comment that "many angles" will be thoroughly looked into in- dicated that he may have in mind a sweeping investigation of the I the Assembly action is merely a whole department and foreign serv-'" ice. or authorize for contracts' in the year beginning July 1, 1953. which the Defense Department is asking the White House and Con- gress to appropriate or authorize for contracts in the year beginning July 1, 1953. The actual spending budget- money paid for new projects or deliveries on military orders al- ready be more, a7- probably something over 47 billion Salesman Shot By Negro Lies In Field 5 Days gument on Korea, brought 53 West- ern and neutral countries together in a 'solid bloc to approve India's compromise prisoner of war plan over five negative Soviet bloc votes and an abstention by Nation- alist China. Delegates expected the vote to be identical in the Assembly, fol- lowing a brief debate. Further fire- works were not expected, since dollars for the Defense Depart-j JACKSONVILLE, Fla. Wi A ment. The Air Force, as in the j car salesman who lay para- His conversation with Acheson, Dulles said, was concerned with problems of transition which will be involved in the incoming of the Eisenhower administration." He said Acheson had additionally mentioned to him the action in the United Nations on Korea (a U. N. general assembly commit- tee Tuesday voted down a Russian plan for dealing with truce nego- Dulles said he did not intend "at this time to get into any mat- ters of substance." A reporter formality and speakers usually are required to limit their arguments to from five to seven minutes. Doubt Acceptance The amended Indian resolution calls for a four-power commission and a fifth-power umpire to handle the repatriation of all prisoners case of the appropriation budget, will have the largest expenditure budget of the three services. Asks 3rd Big Carrier Word on the size of the new military budget, which now is awaiting preliminary approval by the White House and Budget Bu- reau and final action by the next Congress, followed by a day a news conference of Defense Sec- retary Robert A. Lovett which produced: 1. Disclosure that he has ap- proved inclusion in the budget re- quest of some funds to start work on a third supercarrier, a sister they will not be forced to return home if they don't want to, and provides for the U. N. to take over all those who remain behind if their fate hasn't been settled in four months. Once passed, Assembly Presi- dent Lester B Pearson of Canada pMtS-t of the USS For- suggested that he would not then sends it to the Red Chinese and be sharing any responsibility for North Korean commanders and policy making. Dulles said, "I don't j urges them to accept it as quickly have time to share it adequately as possible so an armistice can and don't intend to share it plan, V. K. Krishna Menon, adequately." i be effected. A. C. Stewart, 64, of Greensburg, Ind., gets a kiss from his wife, Mary, after being- named Corn King at the International Live Stock Exposition in Chicago. Stewart's Connecticut 870 Yellow Dent variety was selected as the best of hundreds of samples shown at the show. (AP Photo) restal, now building, and the USS Saratoga, the keel of which will be laid this month. 2. A flat assertion by Lovett that he differed with a Air Force official, Under Secretary Roswell Gilpatric, that the United States has instead of one Air Force a total of USAF, the Navy's air arm, the Marine's force and the Army's aviation units. The Air Force, which in the past has contended the Navy is en- croaching, with its carrier air fleet, -on the USAF's strategic bombing field, didn't like the pro- lyzed and screaming in a field after he was wounded in the spine was reported in good condition to- day after his five-day ordeal. Death Follows Conviction in Prague Purge Anti-Zionist Trial Of Traitors' Hints Of Spreading Terror By RICHARD A. O'REGAN VIENNA, Austria Rudolf Slansky, former boss of the Czecho- slovak Communist party, was hang- ed today with 10 others who worshiped at the shrine of Joseph Stalin. They died at Pankrac prison as traftors to Stalinism. Prague radio announced the ex- ecutions, carried out Only six days after the 11 were sentenced to death. This foreshadowed a possible new and even broader purge of Czechoslovak Communist ranks. Eight of those executed, includ- ing Slansky, were Jews whose wooden confessions in their trial had the appearance of a concerted attack by the Communist party on world Jewry. Three others drew life sentences. Slansky with former Foreign Minister Vlado dementis and the others confessed to a long list crimes against Stalinism. Those in- cluded "Trotskyite, Zionist, Bour- geois-nationalist" activities, plot- ting with "Anglo-American imper- ialists" and other actions Com- munism regards as treason. Purge Victims Most of the purge victims had been high in Communist party councils, giving the trial appearance of a climax of a strug- gle for power between Slansky and President Klement Gottwald. But the anti-Zionist tone of the pro- ceedings indicated the purge was to spread to all the other satellite Communist countries and perhaps even to the Soviet Republics the USSR. Within the Soviet Union itself there were signs of a growing reign of terror, particularly in re- publics such as the Ukraine. Thera a Soviet military court has just sentenced three high party trade officials to death as "enemies of the people" for embezzlement. The heavy sentence was highly unusual for this crime, rife throughout the whole USSR. The charge that the three hid gold acquired in their operations hinted that the Ukrijn- ian underground movement, rising out of its own ashes, was active again and the real target of the crackdown. Trials now are expected soon in Romania, where Jewess Ana i Pauker, former party boss, has The salesman, B, E. Raines, told fallen from grace with many police he was shot and left in the others; in Poland and in the other I satellites. In Czechoslovakia, it looked like only the beginning of a field Thanksgiving Day by a Ne- gro to whom he was showing a reign of terror among former used car.. Raines was found a short party stalwarts who backed the distance from an expressway yes- terday. George Turpin, 28, Negro laborer, was charged with assault with in- tent to murder and with armed robbery. He had been in jail since Saturday on a vagrancy charge. State Arty. William A. Hallowes said Turpin admitted shooting Raines. Employes of a dairy in the vicinity found the 33-year-old sales- man, clad only in underwear and shoes, sunburned on arms and legs and black from trying to drag his paralyzed legs through the dirt. Gene Griffin, chief criminal dep- uty sheriff, said Raines told him Turpin pulled a gun, forced Raines (trade minister; r CT flnA-r-n C.tVNrtn into the trunk and drove around for several hours. Then he stopped along the new road. I wrong horse. I Others Who Died Those who died with Slansky were: Vlado dementis, former Czech foreign minister; Bedrich Geminder, former head of the Communist party's interna- tional section and Kremlin spokes- man in Prague; Otto Sling, former deputy secre- tary general of the party; Ludvig Frejka, former head of the state economic commission; Bedrich Reicin, an ex-general and former deputy defense minis- ter'; Otto Fiscal, former deputy fi- nance minister; Rudolf Margolius, former deputy posal for even the first supercar-1 "He made me write a full re- rier. It feels the .same way about I lease for the car for the second and the rest I Raines said. "Then he made me of the seven other huge flattops that Navy Secretary Dan Kimball wants built. That was one thing which ap- peared to be implicit in Gilpatric's recent speech. Prodded by Questions about the GiJpatric speech and about possible duplication of effort by the USAF and Navy in the air, Lovett said: 1. He happened to differ with Gilpatric's views. 2. Yes, there probably is some point at which some duplication is reached but the more methods there are of delivering explosives on a target the better off we are. 3. The thing to do is to give the services what they reasonably need for a reasonable function. McCarthy Assumes Lattimore Inquiry Will Be Completed WASHINGTON Oi Sen. Mc-_ Carthy (R-.Wis) said today he as-' sumed the Justice Department would follow up its grand jury probe of Owen Lattimore with similar action against career dip- lomat John P. Danes Jr. pull off all my clothes except my undershirt and socks and shoes. He told me to run a few steps and shot at me three times." One bullet lodged in Raines' lower spine and paralyzed him from the waist down. Barge With 200 New Cars Sinks In Ohio River EVANSVILLE, Ind. A barge which may have carried as many as 200 new automobiles sank in the Ohio River late Tuesday at the head of Henderson Island, about 14 miles below Evansville. It was being towed by the Com- mercial Courier, towboat of Com- mercial Barge Liaes, Inc., the same river transport company that lost a barge and 150 new automo- biles a year ago at Golconda, IE. Caxnett C. Points, manager of the barge line, would not estimate the loss from the second sinking. The loss was set at when the previous barge went down. He said the of tht finking had not been leaned. Andre Sinione, ex-editor of the Czech Communist newspaper Rude Pravo; Josef Frank, formerly deputy and a member of the party's presidium; Karel Svab, ousted last year as deputy minister of state security. The other three defendants given, life sentences wre Arthur London and Vavro Hajdu, both former deputy foreign ministers, ,and Evzen LoebL, former deputy for- eign trade minister. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Cloudy with occasional snow tonight and Thursday with periods of sleet and freezing drizzle Thursday evening. No decided change in teniperature.. Low tonight 28, high Thursday 36. LOCAL. WEATHER Official observations for the Zt hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 34; minimum, 26; noon, 34; precipitation, trace of snow; sun seta tonight at SUB tomorrow at AIRPORT WEATHER Central Max. temp. 34 at a.m. to- day, min. 30 at p.m. Noon overcast at feet, visibility five miles with and hare, wind from east at 15- to per hour, barometer' J0.08 filling, humidity 92 per cent
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