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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 22, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy Tonight. Generally Fair On Sunday 'Pick a Present' Want Ad Section Starts Monday VOLUME 52, NO. 237 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 22, 1952 SIXTEEN PACES Ike Urged To Lead in Red Quiz 3y STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON President-elect Eisenhower is being urged, by Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge and other wise advisers, to seize the initiative on the Communist issue at the very cutset of his administration. He is being advised to appoint, as soon as possible, a non-partisan com mission modeled on the Canadian Royal Commission which broke the Canadian spy ring. This commis- sion would have full access to the facts, would study these facts in secret and in detail, and would then issue a sober, non-political report on internal subversion to the president and the country, One reason Eisenhower is being urged to take this course is that otherwise Sen. Joseph R. McCar- thy and his imitators will them- selves seize the initiative. McCar- thy's next step is rather obvious. For a couple of years, McCarthy has been loudly demanding the security files on government em- ployes. He will now almost inevit- ably take the line that Eisenhow- er, as a good Republican, should accede to this demand which was refused by President Truman. What About Files? Eisenhower's choice, as between the proposed non-partisan commis- sion and a McCarthy field day with the files, is a matter of the utmost importance to the future of the Eisenhower administration. To understand why, it is neces- sary to understand what these famous files really are. Any individual who has taken a government job, particularly in a sensitive agency, is security-check- ed in great detail by the Federal Bureau of Investigation and also in most cases by the security branch of his own agency or de- partment. Security agents inter view large numbers of people who have known him, or known some- thing about him, in the past. These people are assured that their identities will be kept secret from the individual under investi- gation. What they say is then re- peated verbatim, and included in the "raw which are what McCarthy wants to get his hands Often, at some point in the in- vestigation, the security agents collect information which is based on personal enmity, or sheer mal- ice, or simple stupidity. In the raw files of one able government em- ploye, for example, a source is quoted as describing him as a dan- gerous radical. Subsequent inves- tigation revealed that this charge was based on the fact that the employe, a Verrnonter, had ly supported Vermont's liberal Re- publican senator, George Aiken. Many False Reports A woman employe was recently asked to answer a similar charge of radicalism. It turned out that a former pupil had testified that she was "immature" in her twenties, and "too sympathetic to new ideas." It is no fault of the secur- ity agents that, many reports of radicalism or subversion turn out to be utterly false. It is their job simply to report what they are told F.B.I, chief J. Edgar Hoover has often said, it is no business of the.F.B.I, to interpret or assess what information it collects. Yet it is easy to see what use McCarthy and his imitators could make of material from the raw files. One can almost hear McCar- have in my hand an offi- cial report from the Federal Bur- eau of and so on. He would use the raw files to "prove" what he has conspicuous- ly failed to prove the American government is crawl- ing with spies. If McCarthy is givrn a free hand with the files, he will certainly have a stick w.th which to beat the dead horse of the Truman ad- ministration, but he will also un- dermine the Eisenhower adminis- tration in the process. This is for three reasons. First, as Eisenhow- er has said, he wants and needs really able public servants in all echelons of the government. But, despite McCarthy's kind words about John Foster Dulles, good men are going to hesitate to serve in the State Department, for ex- ample, which is McCarthy's favor- ite target, when any personal en- emy or malicious tale-bearer can blacken their names in perfect safety, via McCarthy. Important problem Second, political use of the raw files will undermine internal se- curity procedures. This is why J. Edgar Hoover has consistently op- posed opening the files. Fintlly, the surrender to McCarthy of a vit- al executive prerogative in the matter of the files of the execu- tive branch will be taken as a green light for McCarthy and all his imitators. The confidence of the country in the integrity and loyal- ty of government servants, al- ready badly shaken, would then soon be destroyed in the McCarthy circus would would ensue. The non-partisan commission proposed by Lodge and others would be designed to restore con- fidence in the government. It is not, of course, a new ides. Grief And Shock Twist the tear-stained face of 7-year-old Myrtle Copeland of Denver as she kneels by the body of her pet dog, Lassie. The 4-year-old collie shepherd collapsed and died in the backyard of a neighbor, victim of a poisoner. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Reaction Favorable To New Cabinet WASHINGTON favorable reaction from leaders of both major parties has greeted President-elect Eisenhower's three latest appointments to his high command. Two of the three were for cabinet posts: Herbert Brownell Jr., New York lawyer and former aide of Gov. Thomas E. Dewey, as at- torney general, and George M. Girl, 3, Burns To Death When Dress Ignites DETROIT LAKES, Minn: When her dress ignited as she was stuffing papers into a kitchen stove, 3-year-old Arlene Kiehl was fatally burned at her rural home near here Friday. Her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Kiehl, were outside when they saw smoke coming from a bedroom win- dow. The chUd had sought to quench the flames "by rolling on a bed but instead set the bed clothing afire. Humphrey, Cleveland industrialist, as secretary of the treasury. Eisenhower designated former Gov. Harold E. Stassen of Minne- sota as mutual security adminis- trator. Of Humphrey's selection, Dem- ocratic Sen. Byrd of Virginia said: "He is a .most, outstanding and able businessman, and I predict for him a most successful admin- istration." Praised by Snyder Byrd, who refused to support Democratic presidential nominee Adlai Stevenson, had been men- tioned for the Treasury post but said earlier yesterday he did not want it. Secretary of the Treasury Snyder telegraphed congratula- tions to Humphrey, offering his assistance in making a smooth transfer of. authority. Snyder called Humphrey "an administra- tor of sound judgment and ex- sen. Harriman'S office said the two agreed to an early meeting, but set no date. Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio, who lost the GOP presidential nomina- tion to Eisenhower, declined com- ment on yesterday's appointments by the president-elect. None of the appointments went to men re- portedly favored by Taft, although Humphrey was honorary chair- man of a Taft committee in 1948. Sen. Wayne Morse of Oregon, who bolted the Republican party to back Stevenson and now calls himself an independent, com- mented: "The latest batch of Ei- senhower appointments is but a continuation of placing reaction- aries in complete control of his administration. Eisenhower Arlene died enroute to a Detroit perjence. Lakes hospital. Neighbors pui out Administrator the bedroom fire withi only norm-1 Averell Harriman'made a similar nal damage to the Kiehl home, j offer telephone caU to Stas- three miles east of here. r Light Tremor Jars California SAN FRANCISCO earth- quake was reported at Cal- ifornia time last night from cities in the San Francisco-Oakland Bay area and Central Valley cities of Paso Robles and Salinas. The quake was reported very light in the East Bay. In Paso Robles, radio station KPRL reported the quake shook the arm of the turntable of the record player and a few seconds of silence resulted. Residents called the Salinas sheriff's office, reporting "a. sharp cracking sound" but no damage. The temblor also was felt in Bakersfield and the Kearn County area, hit hard by previous quakes this year. But the Kearn County sheriff's office reported this quake, had a rolling motion and appar- j Aortas Anz., he: was ently caused little or no damage.! a !jjtle bit worried about the It was felt slightly in Los! Posslble make-up of the cabinet. Reaction from other members of the Senate, which must act on con- firmation of such appointments, included: Sen. Sparkman (D the Democratic vice presidential nom- inee, said he was not acquainted with Brownell and Humphrey but praised Stassen as having "the right outlook oa the mutual aid program." Sen. Mundt (R-SD) said he con- sidered Brownell and Stassen well qualified, but did not know Hum- phrey. Sen. Stennis (p-Miss) praised Brownell's choice, said Stassen was "acceptable" and did not know Humphrey. Sen. Watkins (R-Utah) said, he approved the appointments of Brownell and Stassen. apparently believes in placing big business in control of the govern- ment." Fears Too Much In an indirect comment, former Secretary of the Treasury Henry Morgenthau said he hopes the Ei- senhower cabinet "doesn't go too much big business." Morgenthau, who served under the late Presi- dent Franklin D. Roosevelt, told U.N. Planes Hit 785 Red Trucks In Seven Days Minor Chinese Ground Attacks Quickly Repulsed By ROBERT TUCKMAN SEOUL (to Allied warplanes, swooping low over the highways and by-ways of North Korea, 'this week racked up the heaviest toll of Communist trucks in nearly a year, the 'U. S. Fifth Air Force re- ported. The Air Force said 785 trucks were destroyed in the last seven days, the highest score since early January. Ground fighting today fell off to minor Red probing attacks. All were repulsed without loss of ground. AP Correspondent John Ran- dolph on the Central Front said the recent harassing tactics of the Chinese might be the prelude to a major Red drive on Sniper Ridge. Allied officers couldn't say for sure just what the Reds were up to. Heavy Air Battle In a week of fairly heavy air battles, U, S, F86 Sabre jets ran up a score of at least 14-1 against I the Manchurian-based MIGlSs. The Air Force listed 14 MIGs de- stroyed, one probably destroyed and four damaged. Only one Sabre jet was lost in air combat. Two prop driven Allied planes were shot down by Red ground fire, and two Sabres were lost to causes other than combat, probably me- chanical failure. Far East Air Forces headquar- ters in Tokyo said the MIG claims brought to number of Rus- sian-built figHters shot down dur- ing the Korean War, The week's toll does not include two MIGs destroyed and one dam- aged by Navy planes off the Ko- rean east coast Tuesday. Hazardous Forays Most of the 785 Red trucks de- stroyed were credited to B26 In- vader bombers in hazardous truck- busting forays at night. The twin-engine Invaders, flying at dangerously low levels, hunted out the Red rolling stock ,on the back roads as well is on the main supply routes. What little ground fighting there was Saturday was concentrated on the bloody Kumhwa ridges of the Central Front. Randolph said the Reds kept the Sniper Ridge area alive during the night with a series of small at- tacks that ended at dawn. All were beaten back. Reds Call Ike Cabinet Choices 'War Team' BERLIN Ml Communists to- day assailed Gen. Dwight D. Ei- senhower's cabinet selections as a "war team." East German prooaganda offices distributed to the Red-led nation's controlled press editorial comment for general use in which the presi- dent-elect's appointments were sharply attacked as "an alarm signal for the people." The Soviet army newspaper Tae- gliche Rundschau lit into one of its favorite targets, Secretary of State designate John Foster Dulles as "an enemy of humanity." "Dulles has played first violin in the war orchestra of the mono- polists and the Rund- schau said. "He is responsible for the cold the Communist party news- paper Neues Deutschland chimed 22-Inch Snow on 4 States in South LaCrosseMan Killed by Car was Angeles. U.S. Population Growing Old Fast WASHINGTON popula- tion of the United States is grow- ing older fast, according to a sur- vey by the Census Bureau, It said about one in 12 persons was 65 years of age or older July 1, 1951, Fifty years ago the number was one in 25. SHOPPING DAYS LEFT Portugal Bakery King Dead at 87 LISBON, Portugal Utl Antonio CastaLhera de Moura, 87, king of the bakers of Portugal, died today. He owned more than baker- ies, including 246 in Lisbon. He started his career as chef to the Royal Palace before 1910. LA CROSSE Cfl Thomas L. Falk, 57, of La Crosse, died in a local hospital today 13 days after he apparently was struck by a hit- run automobile on Highway 53 near Onalaska. County Coroner Dr. George Reay said an inquest will be held. Dr. Reay also announced there will be an inquest Monday in the death of Mrs. Patrick Decorah, who was killed Monday when struck by a car on County Trunk T. U.N. Awaits Russ Reaction To India Plan UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. United Nations delegates watched intently today for the first official Soviet bloc reaction to India's com- promise proposal for ending the Korean fighting. Poland and the Ukraine were scheduled to speak in the U. N. General Assembly's Political Com- mittee debate on Korea this morn- ing at a. ra. CST. Three other Bolivia, Iraq, and Syria- were also down on the list of speak- ers, Dolegatei Speculate Both of the Communist countries have spoken up before on the gen- eral Korean question, and dele- gates speculated they had had enough time by now to get in- structions from their governments on what to say about the Indian resolution. Poland spoke only last Wednes- day after India's V. K. Krishna Menon introduced his com- promise plan for ending the bitter prisoner of war deadlock which is holding up a Korean truce. At that time the Polish delegate said his government would study the reso- lution. He reserved the right to comment on it later. Czechoslova- kia made the same remark to the committee Friday. Peace Move All delegations have become more conscious that the success or fail- ure of India's peace move hinged completely on whether Russia and her satellites approve it. Thus far, the only Soviet reac- tion they have seen is Friday's t gloomy dispatch from Moscow quot- j AN EAST COAST BASE, Transportations, Communications Badly Crippled Tennessee, Virginia, North Carolina, Kentucky Blanketed KNOXVILLE, Tenn. quirk of shifting air masses dumped up to 22 inches of snow yesterday on mountain areas of four Southern states Tennessee, North Caro- lina, Virginia and alyzing communications and trans- po'rtation for many hours. Despite rapid melting caused by relatively high ground tempera- tures, the unexpected storm left a large area of ill-prepared Dixie looking like a polar outpost. The snow blanket measured 10 inches here early today. It was by far the heaviest fall every recorded here and ipossibly the heaviest over recorded this far south. But the resulting snarl in normal community living did not approach the intensity of the three-day ice storm which struck Tennessee and other Southern states early in 1951. Few Casualties This city of had a total estimated officially at 22 aches during the 24-hour period yesterday. The precipitation in terms of water measured 2.32 inches. This was the highest figure re- ported from the affected areas, but communications were still blacked out to many mountain areas to the east early today. Early reports included a few casualties. A young man and woman were killed at a railroad crossing at nearby Morristown. The accident happened at height of the snowstorm, but of- ficers were not sure it could bt blamed on the storm. Two women were injured, ap- WASHINGTON MV-The nation's two big labor organizations were not serjousiy when a piioiless today in a sudden twist of fate unforeseeable two weeks ago. store marquee feu under William Green, 81-year-old president of the American Federation of snow as [hey were wait- of Labor died yesterday just 12 days after the death of CIO jng for Siow.m0ving city buses in dent Philip Murray. Heart trouble was the cause in both cases. downtowu Knoxville. It was Murray who took a lead- Broken power lines brought An Air Force Sabre Jet, piloted by Capt. Slade Nash, flashes low over the Salton Sea near Thermal, Calif., in a flight break- ing the world's speed record. This was the last and lowest of four roaring passes over the measured course. Observers in the fore- ground watch the speeding plane which flew at an average speed of 699.9 miles an hour, 29 miles an hour better than the old record set four years ago by an American in a Sabre. (AP Wirephoto) Death Leaves Two Top Unions Pilotless By ROWLAND EVANS JR. Rhee Expects Ike to Bring Korea Peace severe discomfort to numerous families depending on electricity for heat as the temperature ing part in the breakaway from Green's AFL in 1935. Murray play- ed a major role in developing jdroppeTto 25 the industrial unionism of the late j ing. 1930s and making the Congress of! Trains Hard Pressed Industrial Organizations a new and independent movement. Both Green force in the union ing Soviet newspapers as saying the Indian plan was not the correct way to settle the prisoner of war deadlock. Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei in. Vishinsky would not comment on this. But he said he probably would have something to say about Menon's resolution later. He is ex- pected to wait until after U. S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson talks about the plan Monday. New Storm Gathers In South Pacific MANILA The Philippines weather bureau said today a new tropical storm is gathering inten- sity in the Pacific off the east coast of Southern Mindanao Island, South Korean President Syng- man Rhee said today he expects and Murray were coal miners and their success was I intertwined with that of a third Korea mine worker, John L. Lewis. Lewis is president of the United Mine Workers. He is 72 and ap- Dwight Eisenhower "to bring pears as active today as he ever peace and unity to Korea." has been. The sudden vacuum "Eisenhower was a professional i nimnst soldier so he understands all about! of the AFL and CIO will almost Biee told thousands of! certainly be filled quickly. war" Some South Korean soldiers during cere- union leaders speculated quietly formally activating two today that, no matter which two monies ___ new Republic of Korea divisions. "He also was a diplomat and therefore 'understands the problem of diplomacy and statesmanship. "I expect Gen. Eisenhower to bring peace to Korea. We are de- on President-elect Eisen- Railroad crews fought against heavy odds to push principal trains through the drifts hours be- I hind schedule. Buses and automo- i biles were reported stalled along hundreds of miles of highways. One train bringing the Univer- sity of Kentucky football team here for today's game with the University Tennessee had to follow a walking signalman for the last 12 miles, into the city. The train halted at each signal at the top block while the crewman walked ahead to the next to shift snow- clogged automatic switches man- ually. Primary highways were being pending bower." Gen. James' A. Van Fleet, an- other speaker, said the ROK army holds the major part of the battle- line in Korea takes the biggest losses among Allied troops. men are chosen to head the AFL and CIO, organized labor's new leadership faces a new era. Saw Great Strides Murray and Green were in the prime of their years -when the Democrats took over the national administration 20 years ago. Work- ing in general harmony with the Briefly, here was the situation in other states: to five inches of snow in the southeastern moun- tains. Football fans advised not to try to make the trip to Knoxville. Harlan and Middlesboro areas isolated. to 12 inches of Selection of Dewey A ides Reported Irking Sen. Taft administration, they saw the labor snow in southwestern mountains. jobs. Coinciding lith Uieir deaths was the election of the firs Repub-! secondary roads lican administration since 1932. j by high waler, but no One top union official, declining use of his name, said it was too dangerous flood conditions. North Carolina Communica- tions cleared, but patrolmen ad- By JACK BELL WASHINGTON (to President- elect Eisenhower's choice of for- mer aides of Gov. Thomas E. Dewey for cabinet posts prompted new speculation today that Sen. Robert A. Taft will seek tie GOP Senate floor leadership. With five prospective cabinet members named, Taft has yet to place a man from the list he re- portedly submitted to Eisenhower at the latter's request. On the other hand, two close associates of Dewey have been assigned key Foster Dulles as secretary -of state and Herbert Brownell Jr. as attorney general. A third who sided with Dewey and Eisenhower against Taft in the fight for the GOP pres- idential nomination earlier in the year, Gov. Douglas McKay of Oregon, was named for secretary, of the interior. No Comment Although Taft is maintaining a "no comment" attitude publicly, friends said he was irked by the attention paid to Dewey, an intra- party political enemy who had a lot to do with the Ohio senator's defeat for the nomination this year. For that reason, friends said Taft may seek the GOP floor leadership, where he would have a personal hand daily on legisla- tion instead of exerting the re- mote, but powerful, control he has exercised in the role of chairman of the GOP Policy Committee. Another step in the change-over in administrations was disclosed last night in a White House an- nouncement that Eisenhower has been given three volumes of top- secret information on major U. S. policy. The volumes were described as up-to-the-minute handbooks pre- pared for- the president's use and revised as necessary. The trans- fer of this information, White House spokesman said, was part of President Truman's plan to shift administrations smoothly. Job Open to Taft The spokesman said one volume deals with problems relating to in- dividual countries and geographi- cal areas, along with policy cur- rently in force there. Another was said to contain similar data about problems like export-import con- trol, manpower and petroleum supplies. The third was described as dealing with high-level govern- ment organization and precau- tions against subversion or sabo- tage. As president, Eisenhower would have to deal directly with the Sen- ate floor leader on legislation. If Taft wants that job, three Repub- licans said he can get it with little more than a token fight. Senators Langer (R-ND) and early to make any predictions about the future course of the vise caution in western region divided labor movement under new earlier rain is now freezing. leaders. But he said the death faDing in northwestern Murray and Green might have counties early today. real implications in repeated at- j wind and rain lashed sections tempts to explore the feasibility of i from the Midwest to the Atlantic I CIO-AFL unity. Such attempts have j Seaboard. j proved entirely fruitless since the j split 17 years ago. I The AFL claims a membership j of eight million, the CIO six mil- j lion. If the prospect of unity is to (Continued on Page 2, TAFT Column 4.) WEATHER be enhanced, it will depend a good i FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and deal on whom these two big Labor cloudjness tonight Sunday general- groups choose as their next presi-1 jy important change in dents. j temperature. Low tonight 35, high Ailinfl for Months Sunday 44. Green had been ailing for months and much of his work passed into LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 the hands of George Meany, 58- j hours ending at 12 m. today: year-old secretary-treasurer since j Maximum, 50; minimum, 31; noon, 44: precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER Central Max. Temp. 48 at p. m. Fri- 1940. Meany in effect has been running the AFL, with frequent contact with Green, for a year or more. It is this fact which makes Meany the most frequently men- tioned prospect for AFL president. The AFL Executive Council is expected to meet soon after Green's funeral next Monday. The council will likely designate a pres- ident to serve until the AFL annual convention next year. day, min. 31 at a. m. today. Noon readings clouds scattered at feet, visibility 15 miles, wind eight miles per hour from west and northwest, humidity 51- per cent, barometer 30.18, falling.
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