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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 15, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Warmer Tonight, Continued Mild Sunday VOLUME 52, NO. 231 'Pick a Present' Want Ad Section Starts Monday SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 15, 1952 SIXTEEN PACES 44 Killed in ane Cras in Korea TODAY Hydrogen mb Era Menacing By STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON is some- times a certain odd neatness to the awesome processes of history. The atomic era began just as Har- ry S. Truman became President. The hydrogen era is now begin- ning, just as Dwight D. Eisenhow- er prepares to move into the White House. The fact that the United States has tested the world's first hydro- gen bomb is now, surely, the world's most open secret. The Atomic Energy Commission will soon make an announcement on the subject, quite possibly before these words are printed. To judge from the past, this announcement is likely to be cautious to the point of incomprehensibility. The word to look for is "thermonu- clear." This means the hydrogen bomb. What About H-Bomb? But what does the hydrogen bomb mean? The essential facts, as already passed on security grounds by the AEC, are as fol- lows: The bomb or bombs which have just been tested in the Pa- cific were probably a sort of com- promise between the atomic and the true hydrogen bomb. But with- in the next few months, it should be possible to test a true hydro- gen bomb, with an explosive power something like fifty times that of the Hiroshima-Nagasaki model. This bomb will have a blast damage area of about 100 square miles, and a searing heat flash area of about 150 square miles. The effect of the much-feared radioactive gamma rays of such a bomb can be disregarded, since the range of the gamma rays is so comparatively limited that any- one affected by these rays will al- ready be dead from blast or heat IBfil lurk 1052 Judge H. L Buck Dies at Age of 91 (Editor's note: An mterest- ing interview with Judge H. L. Buck, who died today, appears on Page 3. The interview was written by Mrs. Ole M. Hanson, 1421 W. 3rd St., early in 1942 and has been in the files of The Republican-Herald since Feb. 16- of that year.) H. L. Buck, more familiarly knows as Judge Buck, died today. He was 91 years old. One of the oldest living natives flash. Theoretically, since the hy- j of Winona, he was a former post- drogen bomb is an "open-ended" j master, probate and municipal weapon it will be possible to coa- court judge, resident director of r _ _ r'nllad'o f> Lincoln School, the building re- jcently torn down and replaced, was built. In 1902, he became Democratic state chairman, and later was ap- pointed by Governor Johnson as resident director of the State Norm- al School, now Winona .State Teachers College, holding that posi- tion for four years. He was made postmaster of Wi- nona in 1913, serving for nine years. He served as president of the Winona Library Board for 25 sqruct a bomb far more pow- 1 Winona State Teachers College, a erful. But a much bigger bomb I practicing attorney for 5 years would present serious and perhpas and president of the Winona Coun- insurmountable design and Old Settlers Association for ery problem, What is more, a nearly. health for the last six years, old family on Lake Boulevard across being president emeritus. He also was a member of the Elks, the Eagles, the Modern Woodmen of America and the United Workmen of America, and an honorary mem- ber of the United Spanish War Veterans. Born in 1861 Bow in Winona June 21, 1861 in the home on Lake Boulevard in First, because of the industriai was presented with a certificate school depart- concentration, this country pro- by the state bar lor navmg prac-1 Normal School, later vides a much larger number ofj iced law in Minnesota for entered the Normal department appropriate jiydrogen bomb targetsj than 50 years and then the Winona High School In 1880 after graduation, he studied law in Judge Wilson's office and bomb with fifty times the power the original atomic bomb will ob- i m viously be capable of destroying at one blow any but a very few of I jT_VinoM rt iTsoTm the world's greatest cities. In fact, a number of the hydrogen bomb is really only Bar Association, the an appropriate weapon against winora county Bar Association and very large cities. j tne Third judicial Bar Association. Helps Russia .Too Lodge, Dodge Sifting 'Top U.S. Secrets' Preparing for Truman-ike Talks Tuesday By WARREN ROGERS JR. WASHINGTON President- elect Eisenhower's advance scouts sifting secrets and shunning publi- city, quietly cleared the way today for his conference next Tuesday with President Truman. The information gatherers, Mas-! sachusetts' Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. and Detroit banker Joseph Dodge, went about their tasks in- side a self-imposed, no-news-today cocoon. Neither Lodge, who is Eisen- hower's liaison with almost all gov- ernment agencies but the Budget Bureau, nor Dodge, who takes over there, had any report on their progress. Lodge made it clear yesterday, his first on the job, that he asking questions, not answering them. In shirt sleeves, making Spell of Pleasant Weather Continues By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS November's spell of fairly warm weather continued today over the 1 eastern two-thirds of the nation, while it was wet and cool in the Far West. Skies were clear in the Indian summer belt except for over the Eastern Great Lakes region south- eastward through the Upper Ohio Valley and the Middle Atlantic states. Rain and snow fell along the west- ern slopes of the Rockies westward to the Pacific Coast. Rainfalls measured one to two inches along the North Pacific Coast, Ely, Nev., reported three inches of snow on the ground. There also were show- ers today in Southern Illinois, In- diana, and Southeastern Michigan. It was freezing weather in the phone calls from his Senate office, Lodge told reporters only that he is gathering "top secret" information from the Truman administration. He described his schedule today in this terse fashion: "I have an appointment with a man who wants to see me in confi- dence." Practically nothing has been heard from the other half of the Lodge-Dodge team, since he arrived in Washington last Wednesday. Dodge announced he was going to not criticize or while budget officials put the finish- ing touches to the last federal bud- get of the Truman administration, which goes to Congress in January. Dodge and other Eisenhower 'aides have emphasized that the I general will not accept responsibi- lity for anything in the Truman budget. Sen. Bridges of New Hampshire, ,v0 I Republican floor leader in the Sen- Buck was a life member of the i extreme North Central and North- eastern sections. Meat Prices Must Decline, OPS Chief Says MINNEAPOLIS (ffl Price Sta- bilizer Tighe Woods says "If meat prices don't come down in ten days or two weeks, we'll force them down by order." "We have authority to do that, and we won't cut the packers' pric- es to the Woods told a housewives' group here Friday. Woods answered questions on pricing asked by several of the 250 consumers gathered to discuss inflation and controls. The meeting was the 15th in a series Woods has been holding around the nation. Mrs. 0. B. Dahl, Minneapolis, representing wives of Franklin Co- operative Creamery Workers, asked Woods about meat prices. He answered: "Meat prices are keeping up to the ceilings, while the prices farm- ers get are dropping. "The packers say they tradi tionally make little or no money on meat and make their profit on livestock by-products. Prices on these by-products, they say, haven't dropped. than the Soviet Union. Second, I He served as city attorney m there is every reason to believe 11887 and in 1890 as judge of pro- that the Soviets will be able to test bate their own hydrogen bomb rather shortly. For reasons explained in a recent Saturday Evening Post ar- ticle by this reporter and the physi- cist Dr. Ralph Lapp, which was passed for security by the AEC, this country has very little head start in the hydrogen race. Therefore, far from offering greater security to the United States, the hydrogen bomb offers the Soviets a means of rapidly overtaking the American atomic lead. This suggests an obvious con- clusion. What security remains to us in the hydrogen bomb era will depend squarely on this country's ability to hit the Soviet Union very much harder than the Soviet Union can hit the United States. We must, in other words, remain four years. He was president of the Winona School Board, and it was during his term of office that the No Leadership In Korean War, Dead Vet Wrote SYRACUSE. N. Y. Army sergeant, embittered by the and down" of taking a hill "up and retreating from it, asked shortly C.LI CO VHJj5 11 WJ11 IWj H-JifcWM at all times well in advance of the before his death why someone Soviets both in offensive and defen-1 tel] thc men in Ko- sive capabilities. It should ..what is is all about." clearly understood that we are M_ ggt Jack Smytit a veteran of not now maintaining this lead. A _ great daal of evidence suggests, in- deed, that the Soviets may soon surpass this country in both re- spects. But it should also be clear- ly understood that certain "tech- nological break-throughs." to use a phrase favored by the scientists, make it entirely feasible for this country to regain a decisive offen- sive and defensive advantage. Need New Weapons This is not a matter of a sin- gle wonder weapon. It is a 'matter of a whole new weapons system. It is also a matter of a great, and very costly national effort. This raises the following questions: With the hydrogen era and the Eis- enhower Administration both in process of birth, is it 'rational to talk of heavy cut-backs in taxes and defense expenditures? Any snesible man will also agree that the Pentagon has failed to deliver full value on every dollar invest- ed in defense, and that there can be sharp cuts in certain defense categories after the peak of re- armament has passed. later took the was admitted to the bar. He was admitted to the senior class in the law school at Madispn in 1882, and was graduated there cin June, 1883. Back in Winona, he entered into partnership with the late Patrick Fitzpatrick, at one tirna a state senator. He married Ida Carpenter, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Willett Carpenter in 1887. She died in 1943. Survivors are two sons, Carpen- ter and Roger, Winona; two dssugh- ters, Mrs. A. H. (Dorothy) Shax- ted, Chicago, and Harriet, at home; eight grandchildren; three great-grandchildren, and one sis- ter, Mrs. Fred (Mary) Dufall, former Winonan, now of Kirkland, Wash. Funeral services have been ten- tatively set for Monday. 11 years service, made the plea in a letter written before Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected President, but he thought the general would know the answers. The Syracuse Herald-Journal published the letter today and said it would be forwarded to Eisen- hower, who is planning a trip to Korea. The letter was written on three different kinds of paper stray sheets a soldier in the lines gets from his buddies. It said in part: "They tell us to take a hffl- take the tell us to retreat we retreat they tell us to take it the poor R.O.T.C. kids in this California division don't know what it is all about why doesn't someone tell "We have no leadership up and down, up and can't the newspapers do some- you got a buddy on the Herald-Journal who can help these kids has got 181 Killed in Formosa Storm By SPENCER MOOSA TAIPEH Formosa today counted 181 dead, 974 in- jured, and 12V4 million dollars dollars damage in the wake of a howling tropical typhoon which struck Thursday night and Friday morning. No Americans were on the list of known dead. United States military installa- tions and the big Nationalist naval base at Tsoying were hard hit. Sixty dead were added to pre- vious death tolls by reports of fish- ermen drowned when their boats sank off Tainan. The casualty reports were com- piled from official and unofficial reports. Government spokesmen said they expected the toll to mount as scattered reports filtered in from outlying areas and towns in the typhoon's path. pleted. Bridges said the drafting was "almost in the postmortem stage" before Dodge stepped in. The White House, meanwhile, came up with a tip that the Eisen- PITIFUL SIGHT Christmas Gifts Scattered Through Wreckage (Editor's note: Newswoman Patricia. Scott of the English lanauage Nippon Times published in Tokyo, accompanied a search party to the scene of the Air Force irasport crash which killed 44 United. States servicemen. This is her pooled eyewitness story.) By PATRICIA SCOTT have just returned from the scene of the worst plane crash since the Korean War began. Forty-four servicemen, returning from rest and recreation leave in Japan to the battlefront, were killed when a C119 flying boxcar crashed into a mountainside yesterday. Some tried m vain to bail out just before the crash. I saw the bodies of four men whose par- achutes had opened, but no one could say for sure whether they had cleared the plane before the crash. The wreckage was in two sec- tions, about 100 yards apart. Per- sonal effects, including pictures of loved ones and Christmas pres- ents bought in Japan, were strewn on the hillside. It was a pitiful sight. As I walk- ed through the wreckage, I found many Christmas presents that the fellows had bought while on R R (rest and recreation) in Japan. There were many gifts for women and children. One of them was a little pair of pink pajamas U.S. Officials Buy History Book Written by Red By BRACK CURRY BONN, Germany U. S. officials in Germany admitted last night they paid marks toward a new history textbook and distributed copies before they discovered its author was a Communist who in- cluded Red propaganda in his book. The Red-slanted pages were dis- covered by a German government employe who read the book and then wired American authorities: "What's going on That started the U. S. high com- missioner's office checking. It nf i found> officials admitted, that his- ine rest or, pete-s a 36-year-old for a child. It was partly burned. One duffle bag contained a lady's wrist watch and a small record player. I also saw seveMtl pair of embroidered satin ladies' slippers of Japanese make. Most of the bodies were hor- ribly mangled or charred. They crashed in a draw at the junc- tion of two ridges, near the crest line. Part of a wing, a piece of the tail assembly, and what appeared to be an engine casting lay' strewn in one area- The rest of a the wreckage was about 100 yards j German.born ex.jouWist, was aw-ayi t i Communist party member and had in between were two b.xLes and intn p.verv bits of debris. The two bodies were entangled in shredded par- few dollars unaccounted for be tween the housewives and the farm- ers. And the packers haven't been too helpful to us in our efforts to find out where they go." Onah Thurston, Minneapolis, asked Woods, "How long can the United States support all you leech- hower-Truman conference will deal! es in government? We may save primarily with vital foreign policy, a nickel on price controls, but we defense and money matters. An an-1 spend a quarter to do it. Let's nouncement yesterday said that! get rid of you bureaucrats and let among those sitting in on the White our economic system run itself." House talks will be Secretary ofj State Acheson, Secretary of De-l.j. fense Lovett, Secretary of the j Minneapolis achutes. Korean peasants using sign lan- guage, told GI's with me they had seen five chutes 'stream from the plane just before the crash. Hard Climbing was hard climbing, roost of it straight up, to reach the wreck- The terrain was so rugged that helicopters could not land. Search parties had just arrived and were preparing to evacuate the dead by stretchers. The helicopters drop- ped supplies to the search parties on the ground. Some of the dead that I saw were in a cramped position with Iinjected communism into every field of world history." The commission immediately im- pounded copies received from the printers but not yet delivered. On Way Back to Front After Rest Leave in Japan Big C119 Crashes Into Side of Korean Mountain iBy ROBERT TUCKMAN SEOUL, Air Force trans- port plane plowed into a Korean mountain yesterday killing 44 per- sons, including 37 soldiers and the plane's crew of seven. The soldiers were being returned to Korea after short rest leaves in Japan. No one aboard the C119 Flying Boxcar escaped death, an Air Force spokesman said. It was the first crash of a trans- port flying soldiers back from rec- reation leaves, the spokesman said, "and to my knowledge, it is the worst transport disaster in Uiis theater since the war began." A search parly reported from the scene that the transport had burned, but it was not clear whether the plane csught fire be- fore or after the crash. It smashed into a "V" shaped junction of two mountain ridges about feet high. The area, 20 miles cast of Seoul, is so rough that helicopters can not land. The search party is bringing tha bodies out on foot. Hovering heli- copters dropped stretchers and other supplies. The plane was last heard from at p.m., Friday, when its pilot reported to the Seoul control tower he was coming in for a routine landing. Air Force spokesmen said there were scattered clouds at feet feet below the crest of the it was possible the plane bored into the side of a moun- tain which the pilot did not know was in his path. An investigating team of Air Force specialists from Tokyo flew Another copies, however, had jto Korea and now is conducting an already gone out to American- sponsored public reading rooms throughout West Germany. Book Written Peters, who contracted with U. S officials to write the book, also had run off a large printing of his State night their hands in front of their faces had put up to back the book. and their elbows together. One body was 'under one of the i engines which had been torn loose Treasury Snyder and Mutuai Security Administrator W. Averell Harriman. Lodge and Dodge will be at Eisenhower's side after the general first meets alone with Truman in the President's office. Presumably, the Korean War and Eisenhower's plan to visit Korea will top the agenda at the Eisenhower-Truman Stabbed to Death MINNEAPOLIS A 42-year-old railroad man died early today after being stabbed in the neck during a fight outside a beer tavern. He was Vernon Paulsrud, 1333 East Franklin Ave., who police said was stabbed with a the rest of the wreckage. Others lay with their heads smashed, their bodies horribly broken. .The only conclusion was that there could have been no suffering. Death was swift. The first search party and a graves registration group arrived. They took over the grim task of combing the wreckage and removing the bodies. Mrs. Mamie Eisenhower, wife of the president- elect Dwigbt D. Eisenhower gives her husband a bite of her birthday cake at a party in Augusta, Ga., Friday night as two of their grandchildren, Dwight David II and Barbara Anne and the chil- dren's mother Barbara Eisenhower, wife of Ike's son John looks on. (AP Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald) i "exhaustive probe" of the disaster, the Air Force said. Two Red Wing School Escapees Held at Rochester ROCHESTER, Minn, tffl Two fugitives from the Red Wing Train- ing School, one a tattooed 14-year- old, were held by police today Welt geschichte" (synchronoptic after a car they stole was halted own for private sale. The Rhineland-Palatinate Ministry of Culture last cautioned all schools in the state against circulating the history, The Lower Saxony Ministry of Culture said it was suing for the return of marks it The U. S. contracted for the book titled "Synchronotoptische by shots. dozen pistol and shotgun The chase was at speeds up to 100 miles an hour. The 14-year-old and his 17-year- old companion told police they walked away from the school about p. m., prowled a Red Wing home and found a .38 caliber re- volver, but no ammunition. They said they stole a 1940 model car at nearby Frontenac, and drove to Wabasha. Sheriff's officers there spotted the car and chase, but gave up after firing two shots. Rochester police, alerted by ra- dio, intercepted the car at High- ways 14 and 52. A squad- car driven by Larry McNec chased I the fugitives while bis partner, Harry Stai, fired a .38 caliber pis- tol and a shotgun at the car. Only after both rear tires and the gas- oline tank were pierced did the car Pine Island and Oronoco. The 14-year-old said he was originally from Los Angeles and had been arrested after burglar- world a part of a pro gram to provide new textbooks for German schools. Under the agree- ment signed with Peters and his wife, Anneliese, in April, 1951, the author was paid marks in cash and furnished marks worth of paper. The high commissioner's office said now it is "considering whether to take legal action against him." The U. S. authorities explained they had not made a security check on Peters "because he had high endorsements from eminent Ger- man educators." U.S. on Threshold Of Polio Conquest Doctor Declares h u. Botb izmg a pool hall in Tracy. Botn MADISON stands I his arms were tattooed. His corn- on the threshold of conquering po-1 panion said he was from Rice lio, Dr. Hart E Van Riper, med-iLske, Wis., and had been arrested ical director of the National Foun- for car theft. Both said they were dation for Infantile Paralysis, said from broken homes. Friday night. "This has been the worst of all polio he said. "But we are very close to controlling the dis- ease once and for all. Next year undoubtedly will see the last big epidemic. "In 1953 we will have gamma globulin, the recently improved, temporary effective vaccine made from human blood. This will serve as a stopgap in our worst emer- gencies. Other vaccines are com- ing along too." Dr. Van Riper spoke at a meet- fag of physicians, nurses and oth- ers interested in control of polio. Hurricane Season Ending Officially MIAMI, Fla. hurricane season ends officially at midnight tonight when the Weather Bureau cuts off its 50-station teletype cir- cuit that extends from Charleston, S.C., to Brownsville, Tex. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Fair and a little warmer tonight. Partly cloudy, continued mild Sunday. Low tonight 34, high Sunday 60. Light south to southeast wind with little change in humidity. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 63; minimum, 34; noon, 47; precipitaion, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Airport Weather (Wis. Central Observations) Max. temp. 58 at p. m. Fri- day, min. 29 at a. m. today. Noon overcast at feet, visibility six miles, wind six miles from east, humi- dity 71 per cent, barometer 29.84, dropping.
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