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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 7, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Partly Cloudy And Warmer Tonight, Saturday American Education Week Nov. 9-15 VOLUME 52, NO. 224 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 7, T952 EIGHTEEN PAGES With A "No Visitors" sign posted, President- elect Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower tees off at the Augusta National Golf Club, where he is enjoying a well-earned rest at the cottage of golfdom's famous Bobby Jones. Looking on as Ike swats one, is golf professional Ed Dudley and, hovering in the background as they will for the next four years, at least, is a member of the newly-assigned Secret Service detail. TODAY Mail, Golf Keep Ike Occupied on Georgia Vacation By RELMAN MORIN AUGUSTA, Ga. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower ploughed into a mountain of mail today, and began drafting his plans for the "conver- outstanding saticns and conferences" that he said must precede his meeting with Personal Triumph For Ike By JOSEPH AND STEWART ALSOP 6 In Fight for Floor Leader of New Congress Bridges Wants to Be Temporary Senate President By G. MILTON KELLEY WASHINGTON W> Republican senators feared today a widening I race for the job of floor leader in the next Congress may turn into a bitter fight. Sen. Styles Bridges of New I Hampshire, who holds the post, has i spread word that ha wants to pass [it to other hands and take over the less burdensome duties of tem- iporary president of the Senate. In I that role he would preside over i the chamber when the vice presi- dent is absent. Others Mentioned Mentioned for the post of floor Header if Bridges vacates it are Senators Saltonstall of Massachu- I setts, Ferguson "of Michigan, Cape- hart of Indiana, Hickenlooper of Iowa, Knowland of California and Dirksen of Illinois. Saltonstall was an early and vig- orous supporter of Gen, Dwight Eisenhower for the Republican presidential nomination. Hicken- looper went along after a period of between Eisenhower and Ohio's Sen. Robert A. Taft. Cape- hart and Dirksen had boomed Taft to head the ticket. Ferguson pro- fessed neutrality in pre-nomination maneuvering, while Knowland was supporting Gov. Earl Warren of California for the presidential bid. Dirksen is the man who caused an uproar at the GOP nominating convention at Chicago by denounc- ing Gov. Thomas E. Dewey of New York, one of Eisenhower's chief campaign backers and Republican nominee for president in 1944 and fact of the election can be very simply and shortly stated. It has been an enormous personal tri- umph for Dwight D. Eisenhower. Having been first in war, in the old phrase, Gen. Eisenhower en- tered the campaign with the great ii asset of being first -n the hearts National Golf Club course. But the of his countrymen. He had still to affairs of state are crowding in on President Truman. He also planned another round of golf this more seri- ous round than he played yester-, day. The new president-elect came to Augusta for a rest, settling into a secluded white cottage about 200 yards from the first tee of the convince the electorate that he was also capable of being first in peace. As soon as he found himself as a political campaigner, the job was him more rapidly than he expect- ed. An aide said he will go back to work immediately, even though this is only his second full day of done. i vacationing. Every kind of issue from Korea j in large part, this was made to Communism, every kind _of. necessary by Truman's suggestion group, from the Midwestern Re- publican organizations to the na- tion's housewives, will no doubt given credit for Gen. Eisenhower's triumph. But the shortest realistic study of the election returns will nonetheless reveal that. Eisenhow- er's triumph is intensely personal, and that the Republican party pro- bably owes its long-awaited victory to its new leader. Senate Races The simplest test is to have a look at the Senate races. The only Republican candidates who ran conspicuously ahead of Gen. Eisen- hower were Sen. Ives in New York and Sen. Cooper in Kentucky. These two were, so to speak, Ei- senhower-ites. before the general thought of entering politics and had thus acquired personal follow- ings in their states. The contrast is dramatic indeed, with thf Republi- cans who do not stand for the things Eisenhower stands for. Among these, Sen. McCarthy of Wisconsin ran a whopping votes behind both Gen. Eisenhower and Gov. Walter Kohler Jr. Even McCarthy might conceivably have been bea'ten with a weak R'epubli- has not can on th> Jenner of Indiana, Malone of Ne- vada and one or two more men of this stripe were unquestionably carried to victory by Eisenhower's magical coat-tails. Meanwhile Sens. Kem of Missouri, Cain of Washington and Ecton of Montana lost their states while the general carried them. From Gen. Eisenhower's person- al standpoint, in truth, the one blemish must be the defeat of Sen. Lodge of Massachusetts. But this was due primarily to the brilliant campaign of Rep. John Kennedy, who strongly appeals to the same fringe Democratic and independent groups that have always elected Lodge in the past. The malice of the Neanderthal Massachusetts Re- publicans who cut Lodge because he fought for Eisenhower's nomina- tion, was at best only a secondary matter. And despite his misfortune, the result in his state should con- firm Sen. Lodge's pride in his own good judgment. Special Case of Lodge But the special case of Lodge does not alter the general rule. The extremists, the violent parti- sans, the shoddy demagogues of the Republican party, all showed weakness in this election. Even the Republican party as a whole, judged as a party, cannot claim to have shown great strength. The strength and pulling power were Dwight D. Eisenhower's. What, then, was the quality in Eisenhower to which the American electorate responded so warmly: Long ago, during the pre-conven- tion campaign, these reporters wrote that Gen. Eisenhower's great asset was the longing of the coun- try for national leadership worthy of the nation leadership bold, vigorous and clear-sighted, devoid of petty partisanship, not shrill or venomous, biit truly concerned (Continued on Page 2, Column 2.) for a meeting "at your early con- venience" to discuss the problems attendant on the transfer gf gov- ernment to a new president and a different party. Week Set Eisenhower m e s s ag e d back agreement, and suggested the week of Nov. 17 as the date. He added: "I obviously require a reason able time for conversations conferences leading up to and the designation of important assis- tants." Consequently, it appeared that the white cottage on the golf course may soon see numerous persons" coming and going. The general's intention seems to be to ask his confidantes to go to Wash- ington for conferences "in several departments of the federal govern- ment." Eisenhower in his telegram to the President used the Army phrase "for indoctrination." The men he selects for those talks may very well be the ones he has in mind for Cabinet assign- ments in the same departments. So far, in his conversations, he toward anyone. It Army Speculates On Eisenhower Visit to Japan TOKYO (Si Diplomatic and Army sources speculated today 0 1948. May Change Mind t Bridges declined to discuss the [Senate leadership problems for I publication. i But a well-informed Republican Senate source told a reporter he believes Bridges will change his I mind and continue as floor leader unless the six-man field of aspir- ants to succeed him narrows ami- cably. Sen Richard Nixon, the vice president-elect, dropped yesterday what sounded like a hint that Ei- senhower himself might have some voice in Senate organization mat- ters. A reporter asked Nixon wheth- er Eisenhower planned to take a Jaan on hand "in such matters and Nixon KST.S -Plied that the P-ident-elect witf Island to Seoul. They suggested two reasons why he might by-pass Japan: 1. Protocol would require that he call on Emperor Hirohito. 2. Security measures would be simplified if he did not stop in Japan. The question of jet fighter cover Bridges became the Republican floor leader a year ago, in a peace move, after the death of Sen. Ken- neth Wherry of Nebraska had left the post vacant. The New Hampshire senator, dean of Senate Republicans, re- luctantly agreed to serve as leader through the rest of the 82nd Con gress to head off a threatened a clash between the rival Taft-Eisen- hower presidential camps. to protect his plane on the trip from Japan to Korea also is factor. Army headquarters said no di-1 rect word on the Eisenhower visit i _ had been received from Washing-1 rairCnlld Assigned ton. But a decision is expected ]jj 5 Attorney Aide within two weeks. j AP Correspondent Robert B. MADISON E. Fair- Tuckman reported from Korea that cjjjld defeated Democratic canrti- American fighting men were look- date TJ.S. Senate, began work ing forward to the visit. Eisenhower j as a assistant to U.S. Atty. i Fismk'Nikolay today. Tuckman said they hope the gen- j Fairchilde will prepare the gov- eral will do something about get-1 ernment's reply to a perjury con- ting them home sooner, either by j viction appeal made to the U.S. is generally believed however lowering the 36 points required for j Court of Appeals in Chicago by that he will keep with him some I rotation or by putting more South Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Marachowsky of Portage, Wis. members of the team that carried i Korean troops in the line, him first to the party's nomination, and then to victory in the election. Shock Trocp Leaders The leaders of his shock troops were Gov. Thorns E. Dewey of New York; Gov. Sherman Adams of New Hampshire; Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge of Massachusetts; Sen. Frank Carlson of Kansas; Sen. Fred Seaton of Nebraska; (Continued on Page 15, Column 5. EISENHOWER Kentucky Votes Go to Stevenson LOUISVILLE, Ky. (to Ken- tucky's 10 presidential electoral votes unofficially belonged to Dem- ocrat Adlai Stevenson today by a J shaky margin of votes. His claim on them is good at least until about Nov. IS when the official tabulation begins. The answer too whether Steven- son keeps them after that or whether they go to Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower depends a lot upon absentee ballots. Many were not included in the unofficial count and their weight could give Eisenhower the added push needed to make him the first Republican since Herbert Hoover to carry this traditionally Demo- cratic state. The final unofficial totals from Kentucky's precincts in Tues- day's election read: Stevenson Eisenhower The absentee ballots were not expected to have any influence on the other races. Commission Over 2-0-2 Crash! n on J Here Under Way! May Be Dropped Two Pretty Twin Sisters, whose similarity ended when it came to choosing the military service, were reunited during a visit to Philadelphia and the Liberty Bell in Independence Hall. Betty Marie Gibson, left, wears the Navy's WAVE uniform while her 18- year-old sister, Mary, wears the Army's WAC uniform. The sisters' home is in Fort Stockton, Texas. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) Dr. Edward Mills Purcell 40, a Harvard Uni- versity physicist, was named a co-winner of the 1952 Nobel prize in physics. Purcell and Dr. Felix Bloch, 47, of Stanford University, California, were, honored for their development of a new method to measure magnetic fields in atomic nuclei. (AP Wirephoto) Biggest U.N. Guns Hammer Red Positions Northwest Airlines Sues Martin Co. At Cleveland, Ohio CLEVELAND UP) A federal court jury of six men and six wo- men heard opening testimony Thursday in a damage suit against the Glenn L. Martin Co., airplane manufacturing firm, as a result of a 1943 airliner crash that killed 37 persons at Winona, Minn. Northwest Airlines, Inc., seeks the damages on grounds the Mar tin 202 plane in which 34 passen- gers and three crewmen rode to their death was defective. The air- plane manufacturing concern con tends the plane structure was sound, and that the tragic flight was dispatched in spite of adverse weather. Outcome of the case is expected to affnct disposition of 30 wrong' ful death suits totaling S425.000 and I filed here on behalf of the crash j victims. Glenn L. Martin, who moved his plane factory from here to Bal- timore 23 years ago, was in -court i Thursday. Martin is now chairman i of the board of the Glenn L. Mar- I tin Co. As Elective Body By WILLIAM C. BARNARD SEOUL (ffh- The biggest guns in the U.N.'s Korean arsenal ham- mered Red positions on the Cen- tral Front today and jubilant artillerymen claimed they were winning the bloody battle of the hills. Allied officers said about half of the 200 Chinese field pieces around Triangle Hill and Sniper Ridge have been destroyed or damaged. The Kumhwa valley shuddered under the impact of the all-out Allied barrage. As the big guns roared, the first snowfall of the winter sifted down from leaden skies. Infantrymen of both sides huddled in bunkers and foxholes, leaving them only for scattered patrol clashes across the dismal 155-mile front. Chinese Reds threw two feeble attacks at Sniper Ridge in the pre- dawn darkness. Allied artillery and mortar fire chopped them to bits. The U.N. high command turned over the Central Front battle to lie artillerymen Wednesday night. AP Correspondent John Ran- dolph at the front said Allied artillerymen figure it will take them about 10 days to destroy the Red guns "if they stay there and shoot it out with us." The continual barrage already was showing its effect. Tuesday about rounds of Chinese fire hit the Allied lines. Wednesday only rounds were counted. Thursday it dropped to Fri- day was quieter still. Randolph said the big guns can't do the job alone. Some Chinese field pieces are protected by log and earth parapets up to 23 feet thick. Others are hidden in tunnels and caves. The artillery hopes to get most of them. Air Force attacks with searing napalm and big bombs may take care of the rest. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Partly cloudy and warmer tonight and Saturday. Low tonight 30, high Saturday 60. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maxim im, 47; minimum, 28; noon, 47; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT TEMPERATURES (Wis. Observations) Max. temp. 52 at noon, min. 25 at a. m. today. Noon readings thin and scattered at 000 feet, no ceiling, visibility 15 miles, wind five miles per hour from west, barometer 30.12 falling, humidity 78 per cent. Mill City Lumber Heir Held in Extortion Plot MINNEAPOLIS William W. Eastman Jr., 39, scion of a wealthy Minnesota lumber family, was held under bond today on a charge of attempted extortion. Guy Bannister, FBI agent in charge here, said Eastman had attempted to extort from George P. Hoke, Minneapolis at- torney. A note sent through the mails Oct. 22 to Hoke's Wayzata home threatened the attorney, his wife and three children with death unless the money was paid, the agent reported. Eastman, committed to the Hen- nepin County jail in lieu of bond, denied the charge. He is. the son of W. W. Eastman who died about 20 years ago, leaving extensive property holdings in the Minnea- polis loop and in the Brainerd, Minn., lake area. Hoke told agents hs had recently represented Eastman's wife in a contemplated divorce action. But a reconciliation came shortly after the suit was started. I Navy Blimp Drops in Sea BRUNSWICK, Ga. UP) A Navy blimp carrying a 10-man crew dropped into the Atlantic Ocean 55 miles east of Brunswick today. The lighter-than-air craft went clown after its gas bag was pierced by a window which blew out of of the blimp's cab. A pro- pellor knocked the window through the fabric and the big airship quick- ly settled into the sea. Its crew managed to get safely into a life raft. Truman Confirms Nov. 17 as Date For Talk With Ike WASHINGTON (to President Truman today asked President- elect Eisenhower to send represen- tatives to the Defense and State Departments and Budget Bureau "at the earliest possible moment." In a telegram to Eisenhower, the President also confirmed Nov. 17 as the date for a White House meeting with his Republican suc- cessor to arrange an orderly trans- fer of executive authority. Truman's telegram to Eisenhow- er said: "Your telegram yesterday ar- rived just after my messenger had departed for Augusta. "We evidently are thinking along the same lines with regard to the transfer of the executive branch of the government. "I will be happy to see you the seventeenth if that date is entirely satisfactory to you. "I will appreciate your appoint- ing the liaison men for state and defense at the earliest possible mo- ment. "It also will require considerable time to close up the budget and to get it ready for presentation before Jan. 18. I hope your man can report to the Budget Bureau as promptly as possible." The telegram was addressed as follows; "Honorable Dwight D, Eisenhower, President-elect of the United States of America, Augusta National Golf Course, Augusta, Ga." It was signed "Harry S. Tru- man." Melvin Duane of Kalamazoo, Mich., says be aimed at the leader and these two geese fell with the one shot. Hunting near Delton, Mich., it was the first time he had ever hunted geese. He used 7VS shot. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Hydrogen Bomb Believed Ekploded Secretly by U.S. t ft j Duties Would Be Transferred to Other Agencies By JACK MACKAY i ST. PAUL IT) A move by the (next legislature to abolish the state Railroad and Warehouse Commis- jsion as an elective body seems more than likely as one result of j Tuesday's general election. I Such action has been discussed I in the past. The fact that the nom- inally non-partisan legislature controlled by the that is that the i election gave the Democratic-Farm- er-Laborites a majority on the three i man commission will give the idea I added impetus now. Paul Rasroussen, DFL, was 'elected to the commission Tues- day to replace Elling Knutson, I GOP appointee. He will tate office i after the canvassing board meeti Nov. 19. Other members are Clifford Pet- erson, a DFL holdover, and Ewald Lund. GOP, who was re-elected Tuesday. Paul Rasmussen, Chatfield, elected Tuesday, sat in at a commission meeting to "learn. the ropes." He also said he might accept "the kind invitation" of E. W. Lund, commission chairman, to go along with the three com- missioners to Little Rock, Ark., next week to the annual con- vention of the National Asso- ciation of Railroad and Utilitiei Commissioners. Rasmussen was budget direc- tor in the last Farmer-Labor administration in the 1930s. 'Little Hoover' The Minnesota Efficiency in gov- ernment Commission, commonly known as the "Little Hoover" Com- mission, has recommended that the functions of the three-member com- mission be transferred to other agencies and that three members j be appointed by the governor to bear appeals and handle rule-mak- ing matters. Weeks before the election, Re- publican Lund spoke out against any such proposal. Today, DFL Peterson pointed out that the com- mission has been in existence since 1871 and that the legislature never saw fit to make a change, adding: "The legislature in its wisdom conferred a wide variety of duties on this board for the purpose of regulating public utilities and other businesses that it deemed neces- sary for the protection of public. Tt is my opinion that the 1951 legislature ignored the 'Little Hoo- ver' suggestion that the responsi- bilities be dissipated by the mere shifting of various divisions to a number of other departments or subjecting it to the control of a Commerce Department head who will be far removed from direct responsibility to the public." Peterson emphasized that there is no indication of either inefficien- cy or lack of economy in the de- partment and that the records of the state auditor will discloss the department has been "practically self-sustaining" and that the cost of its operation is less than 9 per cent of its total expenditures to tha I general taxpayer. I Present Setup j But members of the "Little Hoo- ver" Commission and members of the Legislative Research Commit- tee think otherwise. For instance, Sen. A. 0. Sietvold of Detroit Lakes said it's his feel- ing that the commission is "one place where we can improve on the present setup." Sietvold is chairman of a sub- committee of the Legislative Re- search Committee which is study- ing the "Little Hoover" proposal. Asked if he intended to intro- duce a bill to abolish the com- mission, he said: "I don't have any authority to speak for my sub- committee, but it could be abol- ished if the legislature wanted to. Such a move might sound rather severe but the legislature must keep in mind the welfare of all the people." The legislature could not abolish any other state elective offices without first amending the state constitution. The commissioners are the only state elective officials controlled by the legislature and not bound by the constitution. There was talk of abolishing the commission before the 1951 legis- lature but no action was taken. WASHINGTON The United States' may have exploded the world's first full-scale hydrogen be keeping it secret. This year's nuclear weapons tests at announced for the "autumn are either com- pleted or nearing an end. They generally, were expected to include use' of a standard atomic bomb to touch off enough hydrogen to produce a super-sized blast. The Atomic Energy Commission has made no announcements of results such as followed the pre- vious mid-Pacific experiments be- ginning in 1948. All of these have been closed to the press and public, but restric- tions were unusually tight this year. The AEC said they were to be "conducted under full security pro- visions" of the Atomic Energy Act. One source said there was no cer- tainty there would be any an- nouncement this time. The government has announced that 'the spring, 1951, series in- cluded tests "contributing to the thermonuclear weapons a reference to the intense heat of a hydrogen explosion. Presumably, a small, experimental amount of hydrogen was used then. A full-scale test of an H-bomb might be the reason for the high degree of security imposed on the latest series. Four Persons Hurt In Moorhead Crash MOORHEAD, Minn, (to Four persons were in a local hospital today with injuries suffered in a collision between a car and a switch engine at a crossing here Thursday night. Reported in serious condition was Selver Hovdestad, 31, Moorhead. Believed less seriously hurt were his two daughters, Rebecca, 5, and Patricia Ann, 4. Hovdestad's niece, Mary Jane Wyman, 12, suffered undetermined chest injuries.
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