Tuesday, October 28, 1952

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 28, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair to Partly Cloudy, Cold Tonight, Warmer Wednesday VOLUME 52, NO. 215 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 28, 1952 Stevenson Gave Aid to Communists, McCarthy Charges CHICAGO Bl Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy charged last night that Gov. Adlai Stevenson, Democratic candidate for .president, has given "aid to the Communist :ause." McCarthy, speaking on a nation- wide television and radio hookup financed by a privately sponsored dinner, said the issue in the current presidential contest is: "Will Communism win %r will America "I do not state that Stevenson was a Communist or pro-Commu- McCarthy said, "but I must his speech. Once booing halted him briefly when a heckler shouted. The heckler was quickly spirited out by policemen. Numbers Charges McCarthy made these charges against the Illinois governor: 1. That Stevenson is surrounded by some left-wing advisers. 2. That the Democratic nominee "would continue the suicidal Krem- lin-dictated policies of this nation." 3. That Stevenson, assigned the task of formulating post war U, S. policy in Italy, prescribed a plan rnr Communism" on the believe something was wrong somewhere." 1 Italians. The Wisconsin Republican sena-1 4 xhat Stevenson is "part and tor was lustily cheered by his au-1 parcel" of the "Acheson-Hiss-Lat- dience of diners in a Loop j timore group." hotel ballroom at various points in TODAY Parties Need AidofSmall Contributors By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON their very grave national significance, there are two facts which are rare- ly mentioned by any candidate, simply is in no candi- date's interests to mention them. The first is that the Hatch Act, with its unrealistic limitation on campaign expenditures, makes le- gal liars out of all major can- didates. The second is that both major parties are now most dan- gerously dependent on large con- tributions from a tiny, wealthy ____ _ _ minority of the total American Gen. Dwight Eisenhower, the Re- electorate. These facts suggest why a little noticed experiment by Beardsley Kuml, Democratic finance chair- man and a brilliant idea man, may have a lasting effect on the future of American politics, whatever hap- pens on Nov. 4. Ruml's idea, like timore group.' McCarthy had not concluded his speech when his broadcast time of 30 minutes ended. After he went off the air, he charged that Ste- venson had the endorsement, in 1 effect, of the Communist newspaper I Daily Worker. The speech, which McCarthy pre- faced with a description as "the facts as the evidence in the case of Stevenson versus made an immediate splash of con- troversy in the fast-climaxing pres- idential campaign. An immediate claim of "distor- tions, exaggerations and inaccura- cies" by McCarthy was made in connection with references in the speech to the Institute of Pacific Relations. William Holland, secre- tary-general of the institute, said in Berkeley, Calif., McCarthy erred in stating that the McCarran committee ever charged the IPR was Communist-controlled, and in referring to "missing" documents of the institute, which, Holland said, had' been thoroughly ex- amined by FBI agents several months before McCarthy's agents "found" them. Hours before McCarthy spoke, Ike Says Adlai 'Untutored' in Business World Not Qualified To Deal With Russians, Claim most good enough. ideas, was simple Booklet Plan He caused to be printed some booklets, each containing five "certificates." These certifi- cates, each with a polite hand-writ- ten thank you note from Adlai Stevenson printed on it, cost apiece. The country, according to Ruml's idea, was to be blanketed with ten man teams, each team member with a book of five cer- tificates to sell. Ruml's notion was that many people would be willing to contribute to the Stevenson cam- paign, if this was made easy and convenient, and if the sum was small. publican presidential candidate, campaigning in Pennsylvania, env phasized that subversives must be cleared out of government, but in doing so "we have to destroy the reputation of no innocent man. We can do it, and must do it the Amer- ican way." In Massachusetts, Stevenson, al- so commenting in advance of the speech, said, "Tonight, you will hear the most magnificent of all smears of all times when the junior senator from Wisconsin tries to save the election for the Republi- cans." Former leadership of the Amer- icans for Democratic Action was cited by McCarthy as evidence leftish attitudes by two of Steven- son's advisers, Wilson Wyatt, the governor's personal campaign manager, and Arthur Schlesinger Jr., a speech writer and researcher. A spokesman for the ADA com- mented in Washington that "Mc- Carthy's attack is not against Com- The results, Ruml says, have munism but against and been spotty in places, but on the whole better than he dared hope. In retrospect, Ruml thinks he should have started earlier, and that he should have set aside more that the group "is passionately de- voted to democratic civil liberty and will continue its fight for the rights of all Americans." In New York, Stephen A. Mit- money for promotion. Even so, he chell, Democratic national chair- still hopes for a ".400 batting ay-1 man, said Gen. Eisenhower "must erage." This would mean about 2.4 million dollars for the Democratic war chest. It would also mean some voters with a personal stake in the campaign. And under any circumstances, Ruml believes that he has already proved that "the thing can be done." If Ruml is very large sums can j into the hands of indeed be collected from very small i xhe Times said is one way to indicate the importance of this de- assume full responsibility" for the speech. Mitchell, commenting on the Speech, quoted from an editorial published today by the New York Times, which is supporting Eisen- hower for president, which said that McCarthy was "playing right velopment. This is to cast the mind back to the campaign of 1948, when the Democratic coffers were whol- ly empty, until Louis Johnson was called in to labor in the financial vineyards. Johnson himself, who was dis- astrously rewarded with the Secre- taryship of Defense for these la- bors, was one of Truman's worst ensuing troubles. But there have been others, less conspicuous, in- (Continued on Page 15, Column 5.) ALSOPS Moscow." The junior senator from Wisconsin, who has made his way to national fame and political fortune via the route of wild charges, gross distortions and assorted forms of political demagoguery, said nothing last night to change this estimate of him, although he did couch his nation-wide broadcast in milder terms than had been expected...." McCarthy quoted several para- graphs from articles written by Schlesinger which, the senator said, (Continued on Page 15, Column 2.) MCCARTHY Joseph McCarthy, who assailed Gov. Adlai Stevenson in a speech Monday night in Chicago, displays enlarged photographs of exterior and interior of what he said was a dilapidated barn near Lee, Mass., where he said his investigators found over "astounding documents" which he said showed "the Communists in the Institute of Pacific Relations were successfully shaping the policies of our State Department." (AP Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald) WITH EISENHOWER In New York State W> Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower opened a new line of attack on Gov. Adlai Stevenson to- day, asserting that his Democratic presidential opponent is "untu- tored in the tough business of world relations." He implied, without spelling it out in so many words, that Steven- son is not qualified to deal with the Russians. "My most solemn he as- serted last night in a speech in Pittsburgh, "is that men who talk this language are never allowed in the name of the American people to go to Moscow, or to some future Yalta or Potsdam." The words "this language" re- ferred to Stevenson's speech in San Francisco last May. Eisen- hower., quoting from that pro- nouncement, said Stevenson talked of "prolonged public discussion of what it will be necessary to con- cede" to Soviet Russia. Invites War The general's comment was: "This is the language that invites war itself." He recalled too that in the past there were men who described the Chinese Communists as "harmless agrarian that is, peo- ple primarily concerned with land reform in China, and not Chinese political and military aggressors obeying orders on all counts from the Kremlin. Eisenhower said they have shown "some signs of pro- gress in political education." Then, stirring a storm of ap- plause in Pittsburgh, he comment- ed: "There is something more ser- ious in this line of talk. It betrays again the mentality that is com- pletely untutored in the tough bus- iness of world This was the line Eisenhower was expected to pursue from now until the end of the campaign. He returned from a daylong sweep through Pennsylvania and immediately boarded an automo- bile for a series of appearances in the heavily populated areas around New York and on Long Island. His schedule calls for him to spend the next three days near New York City in an intensive effort to build his strength in a state which is considered doubtful. Shortly after his arrival in New York, the general speaks briefly at the Borough Hall in Queens County and then travels in a'motor- cade through more than a dozen communities in Nassau County, The Republicans hope to pile up a heavy majority in these two counties in an effort to offset an anticipated heavy Democratic turn- out in New York City. War Top Issue Eisenhower is now pounding hard on the argument that ending the Korean War is the first and most important issue in this cam- paign. He is reminding every audience of his pledge to go to Korea, ii he is elected. His purpose, he says, is to gather first-hand information and, armed with this, to find a formula for a "speedy and honor- able" peace. At the same time, he gives- evi- dence of having taken note of the quick Democratic retorts to his promise. They ridiculed him for making "a grandstand play." They said he couldn't discover anything -in Ko- rea that he can't learn in Wash- ington and they said that if he has some new thoughts about how to bring the war to a close, he should state them now, and not wait until after the election. Eisenhower said yesterday he thought that if he could save the life of one soldier by making the trip, it would be worth the effort he is repeating over and over again his determination to go to Korea should he become presi- dent. Another Democratic that the key to peace lies in Mos- cow not in from Eisenhower the sarcastic state- ment: "It has been suggested that any- one wanting to settle the Korean War should go to Moscow and not Korea. This is said with a solemn air of great political sophistication, as if the speaker had just discov- ered that Moscow was, after all, the headquarters of the Communist Army. Progress in Man "This suggestion shows signs of progress in the political education of men who not long ago talked happily about Chinese Communists as harmless 'agrarian reformers.' But the enlightment of these men comes a little late to be of much use to our fighting men facing hordes of these 'agrarian reform- ers' on the Korean mountain- sides." Eisenhower attracted the same great crowds in Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, the state capital, poured more than people in- to tiie area in front of the State- bouse where he spoke, and there were thousands more lining the streets. Pittsburgh located in an area normally strongly (Continued on Page 12, Column 4.) IKE President: Hits GOP Record Talk An Orderly Crowd estimated at persons fanned out from the rear of the President's special at the Milwaukee Road depot this morning. Secret Service men cluster around the rear of the President's car a moment before he appeared. Only representa- tives of the press and a special list of prominent DFL officials were permitted inside the ropes. St. Stanislaus School band is behind the President's car. Looming in the background at the upper left are banners proclaiming the Eisenhower cause. The President did not acknowledge the Ike placards. A special portable speaker mounted on a metal pole is held at right center by a member of the President's staff. Newsmen and photographers, Secret Service men and special police were off the train before it came to a stop About 25 members of the Winona police department were de- tailed to special duty. (Republican-Herald 300 Prisoners IV 1 1 III" Riotatlllini Menard Prison CHESTER, 111. UP) Three hun- dred rebellious prisoners, threat- ening seven hostages with death, held out early today inside Illinois' trouble plagued Menard Prison and were reported calling for Gov. Adlai Stevenson. The prison was the scene of a 27-hour uprising five weeks ago. That one was quelled by a two-hour tear gas barrage. Warden Jerome E. Munie sta- tioned armed guards and state police at strategic points around the prison and ordered them to "shoot to kill if anyone makes a I move." I But he abandoned plans to storm I the cell block when convicts threat- ened to hurl the seven hostages I from a 50-foot high balcony fronting [the top tier of cells. The guards were marched to the balcony when the rioting began about 5 p.m. (CST) Monday. Latest Violence Some inmates were quoted by officers as calling out, "we want to see the governor." Other shouts of "we want to see the boss" were reported. Munie said he thought they wanted to see him, not the governor. Gov. Stevenson, campaigning for president on the Democratic ticket, is in New York. When told that, some inmates were quoted as saying: "He flew out there and he can fly back." The latest violence at tbe Soutn- jern Illinois prison along the Mis- Jsissippi River set the city of Chester abuzz with false rumors of a mass break. The prison has inmates. With guns ringing the walls and at vantage points atop prison (build- ings, the insurgent inmates would have to risk a blood bath in a break for freedom. If they moved out the east cell house, they still would be only in the prison yard. On call were 70 armed guards and 45 state policemen. Prison Officials Prison officials speculated wheth- er the rebellion was the start of a plot for a general breakout or whether it was spontaneous. Unknown prisoner spokesmen said before midnight, "we don't intend to do anything before morn- ing." The inmates blacked out their house. The prison cut off all water, A silence strangely contrasting to the raucous riot five weeks over the east house most of the night. The rebellion started as the east cell house inmates returned from supper Monday. One guard with the keys was seized'and six other officers were held from escaping. President Flays 'Smear and Fear Tactics of GOP By ERNEST B. VACCARO ABOARD TRUMAN TRAIN IN MINNESOTA Truman said today the Republicans are trying to win the election by the Joe McCarthy tactics of "smear and fear" and "slander and character assassination." He declared that such tactics have been used against Democratic Rep. Gene McCarthy in Minnesota and if they can succeed in his case "the rights and liberties of all Americans will be in deadly peril.M And he took a slap at what he i (called the "one party press" for [accusing him of I saying that he tells "the truth" ton the Republicans "and it hurts." j That was in an address prepared for delivery at St. Paul during a rugged day of campaigning en route to Ribbing, in the Minnesota iron range district, for a major address tonight at 9 No Reply to McCarthy Truman didn't reply directly to i a nation-wide speech last night by Sen. McCarthy But he I again criticized Gen. Dwight D. j Eisenhower's endorsement of Mc- Carthy' re-election campaign along with that of Sen. Jenner "If the Republicans can't fool the people on the issues, by saying they think perhaps the tactics of Joe McCarthy will get the people so confused and fear- ful and suspicious that they will forget the the President asserted. "They are applying tactics to the nation this year that they've tested out before in certain California and Maryland and Utah, among others. Now you are seeing them tried even here in Minnesota. "In your own city, this Republi- can smear business is now being vised against one of the finest, most liberal and loyal Americans in the Congress of the United States- Gene McCarthy." GOP 'Truth Squadr Follows Truman Info Minnesota By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A major beam of the nation's political spotlight focused on Min- nesota today as President Truman whistle-stopped through the state on behalf of the Stevenson-Spark- man Democratic ticket. The Truman train had hardly be- gun its trip before the Republicans moved in the party's so-called "truth squad" to follow in the Tru- man wake. The current team, a replica of one that earlier trailed the Presi- dent's western tour, was to arrive in the Twin Cities by plane at 10 a. m. It was made up of Sen. An- drew Schoeppel Sen. Francis Case (S. and Rep. Clifford Hope Minnesota's Rep. Walter H. Judd was joining the squad in Minneapolis. Press Conference GOP headquarters said the group would hold a press conference in Minneapolis at 3 p. rn. today to discuss the President's morning talks, A similar session in Duluth Wednesday at 9 a. m. will take up the Duluth and Hibbing talks. The Truman-GOP invasion came after Sen. Wayne Morse of Oregon said Monday night that Gen. Dwight Eisenhower helped make the military decision to take U. S. JCI1C VU J uliiAualJ He did not say what the smears troops out of 'Korea. were, but asserted: "My friends, if they can get away with' you let them smear Gene I ex- pect they'll feel their tactics can be used anywhere, any time, against any one.... "Of all tie issues raised in this campaign, this is the most serious and the roost dangerous. If Joe McCarthyism can triumph over a good man like Gene McCarthy, the (Continued on Page 4, Column 5.) TRUMAN Morse, who quit the Republican party to campaign for Gov. Adlai Stevenson, addressed an audience of about 700 at University of Min- nesota. He took issue with an Eisenhower declaration that pull- ing troops out was a state depart- ment decision. Military Decision. "It was a military decision sign- ed by James Forrestal, then secre- tary of Morse said. "It was agreed to by the joint chiefs of staff, and at that time Eisen- hower was Army chief of staff." Most of Soft Coal Miners Back on Job By WILLIAM A. SWARTWORTH PITTSBURGH of the nation's soft coal diggers, heeding the order of United Mine Workers President John L. Lewis, trooped back to work today after a week-long strike over a wage dis- pute with the government. Special membership meetings were called throughout the coal fields within hours after Lewis wired local UMW officials yester- day to get their men back on the The'almost unanimous reac- tion of miners: "Let's go to work." A few scattered Penn- sylvania, West Virginia, Illinois and other top coal-producing states to get production under way last night. But resumption of operations at most mines was de- layed by the meetings and safety inspections. Morning Shift Virtually aE locals in District in Western Pennsylvania, repre- senting about members, agreed to begin work on the morn- ing shift. Some of Illinois' workers returned to the pits yesterday but one operators' spokesman said most mines will not. be fully manned until today. The nation-wide walkout began a week ago yesterday after the Wage Stabilization Board lopped 40 cents off the daily pay boost Lewis obtained recently in negotiations with the industry. Miners, whose expected ba- sic minimum wage for a day's work was cut to took the stand that the government had nullified their contract. Soon after, Lewis bitterly as- sailed the WSB and told his men to stick "it out until they got the full However, President Truman met with the UMW chieftain and 'Harry M. Moses, chief industry negotia- tor, at the White House over the week end and personally appealed for an end to the strike. Lewis then fired off telegrams, telling miners they should resume production in the best interests of the public and themselves pending a final decision on their pay in- crease. Both the union and the Bitumin- ous Coal Operators Association headed by Moses bad appealed the WSB ruling. They' took their case to economic Stabilizer Roger Put- nam, who has the power to over- rule the board. Union officials at Washington in- dicated they expect a decision with- in a few days. Putnam, however, indicated the ruling may not come for more than a week. Here Overcoat Crowd Of Hears Truman Version Daughter Margaret Joins Father at Milwaukee Station By FRED LEIGHTON Republican-Herald Staff Writer A shivering crowd of about persons stood in 33-de- gree weather at the Milwau- kee Road depot here this morning to hear the nation's chief executive lash the Re- publican voting record in Congress, label Gen. Eisen- hower a man who does not understand civil government and call Sen. Nixon an "in- experienced young man." President Harry S. Tru- man stepped through blue velvet drapes on the rear platform of his presidential special promptly at 8 a. m. into a wave of polite applause. Only once in his five-minute speech was there marked cheering from his heavily-Democratic audience, and that when he referred to the Re- publican party voting record. Appearing hale and hearty and flashing a persuasive smile, the President stayed studiously by a prepared manuscript. It was im- mediately apparent he had not chosen Winona as the place to de- liver any historic pronouncements. His theme was, Vote Democratic next Tuesday and you'll vote for peace and prosperity. Last Trip, He "This is my last trip around the country as your Tru- man said, and without further pre- liminaries launched an abbreviated frontal assault on everything Re- publican. "If you took the record you will see that you can the Democrats and cannot trust the he af- firmed, referring to Repub. lican record in Congress as "a record of consistently voting against our greatest social wel- fare programs." Turning to Gen. Eisenhower, the President wrote the general off as a man "unsuited to be president." TYiilitaTV na. j He said Eisenhower's military ca- 1 reer disqualifies him for the na- I lion's highest office and charged, I "Gen, Eisenhower is not the man you need. He does not understand j civil government." I He declared that if GOP "iso- llationist" advice had been followed "we would have lost both Europe and the Far East by now, and we would be standing alone against Communism with our backs to the wall." I In a slap at Gen. Douglas MacAr- j thur, he declared that "in the Far I East, one general almost got us in- Ito s much bigger war, against China and Russia, and I had to re- move him." Truman made only a brief refer- ence to Sen. Richard Nixon, vice presidential nominee, but it was a cutting reference: "Nixon is an in- experienced young man who votes every time for the big interests." "You can trust the he said. "You can trust the Demo- crats to work for peace. We can say with certainty now that Com- munism is going to be turned back." to the Republican farm platform, Truman said. "It is very, very vague language the Re- publicans use in talking about their farm program." "Look at tbe the Presi- dent asked. "Give it some thought, and I know and you know how you will vote next Tuesday." The chief executive flipped his black leather-covered notebook (Continued on Page 17, Column 5.) TRUMAN WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair to partly cloudy tonight and Wednes- day. Cooler tonight, warmer Wed- nesday. Low tonight 20, high Wed- nesday 50. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maxinfum, 48; minimum, 32; noon, 36; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER Central Observations) Max. temp. 49 at p.m. Monday, min. 32 at a.m. to- day. Noon feet tfain scattered, wind 17 to 25 miles per hour from west and jiorthwest, visibility 15 miles, barometer 30.30, steady, humidity- 78 per cent